Vijayawada railway station (station code:BZA) is an Indian railway station in Vijayawada of Andhra Pradesh. It is classified as one of the A-1 and Model station in the Vijayawada railway division of South Central Railway zone. It is the fourth busiest railway junction in the country, situated at the junction of Howrah-Chennai and New Delhi–Chennai main lines. The station everyday serves about 1.40 lakh passengers, over 180 express and 150 freight trains.
The Vijayawada city junction railway station was constructed in 1888 when the Southern Maharatta Railway's main eastward route was connected with other lines going through Vijayawada. In 1889, the Nizam's Guaranteed State Railway constructed a line between Secunderabad Railway Station and Vijayawada as an extension railway for Bezawada; the station subsequently became a junction of three lines from different directions.
On 1 November 1899, the broad gauge line was constructed between Vijayawada and Chennai, making rail journey between Chennai, Mumbai, Howrah, New Delhi and Hyderabad possible. In the following decades the Vijayawada railway station was developed into a junction until the nationalisation of all the independent railways in India occurred; following nationalisation, Indian Railways was formed under the Ministry of Railways in 1950 by the Government of India. The Vijayawada railway station, as the headquarters of Vijayawada Division, was assigned to the Southern Railway. In 1966, a new zone, South Central Railway, was formed, with Secunderabad as its headquarters; Vijayawada Division and Vijayawada Junction were merged with the new railway.
In 1969, the Golconda Express was introduced between Vijayawada and Secunderabad as the fastest steam-hauled train in the country, with an average speed of 58 km/h. As of 2012, the Vijayawada railway station is one of the busiest railway stations in India.
Vijayawada station has the standard station layout with a perfect traction inside the station. All the tracks in the station are broad gauge and electrified. The station has 10 platforms and all the tracks are broad gauge. The seventh platform of the station is the largest of all. Vijayawada station is a junction station for two main lines of Howrah–Chennai and New Delhi–Chennai main lines.
Since the headquarters of South-East railway moved to Bhubaneswar from Visakhapatnam, Vijayawada Railway station has seen major development and new appearance in the last five years. In the FY 2009, the Indian Railways Company board allocated ₹3.5 crore (US$540,000) for improvements to the transport hub. A central aspect of the improvements was an "Integrated Security Scheme" which included construction of a compound wall around the station premises and a reduction in the number of entrances as a precaution against terrorism. SCR recently installed Automatic Ticket Vending Machines (ATVM)s at Vijayawada Junction.
The Vijayawada Junction also houses a Diesel Loco Shed which has the WDM-2 Locomotive and also an Electric Loco Shed which has the WAG-7, WAM-4, WAG-5 WAP-4 locos. The Vijayawada station was now arranged with a new Route Relay Interlocking system which returns the fast and punctual movement of trains into the city junction. Vijayawada railway station has 5 pit lines for primary maintenance of Trains originating from here. Satavahana Express, Ratnachal Express, Pinakini Express, Amaravati Express, Vijayawada - Dharmavaram Express, Sainagar Shirdi - Vijayawada Express and few passenger trains are maintained here.
|3||Krishna Canal Junction|
An average of 1.40 lakh passengers are served per day and 50 million annually. More than 250 passenger trains and 150 goods trains utilize the station daily, with each train stopping for at least 15 to 20 minutes.
|No. of platforms||10|
|Passengers||Per day||1.40 lakh|
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