Viet Minh
   HOME

TheInfoList



, image=Flag of North Vietnam (1945–1955).svg , caption=Flag of the Việt Minh , leader_name=
Ho Chi Minh (; , ; : ; 19 May 1890 – 2 September 1969), born , also known as , , , Người cha dân tộc or simply ('Uncle', ), was a Vietnamese people, Vietnamese revolutionary and politician. He served as Prime Minister of Vietnam, Prim ...

Ho Chi Minh
, formation=May 19, 1941 , founder=
Indochinese Communist Party The Indochinese Communist Party (ICP; vi, Đảng Cộng sản Đông Dương; french: Parti communiste indochinois; Cantonese: 印度支那共產黨; lo, ອິນດູຈີນພັກກອມມູນິດ; km, បក្សកុម្ ...
, location_country=
French Indochina French Indochina (previously spelled as French Indo-China; french: Indochine française; vi, Đông Dương thuộc Pháp, , lit. 'East Ocean under French Control; km, សហភាពឥណ្ឌូចិន), officially known as the Indochin ...
, dissolved=March 1951 , successor=
Viet Cong The Viet Cong ( vi, Việt Cộng; ), officially known as the National Liberation Front of Southern Vietnam ( vi, Mặt trận Dân tộc Giải phóng miền Nam Việt Nam), was an armed communist political revolutionary organization in So ...

Viet Cong
, leader_title=Political leader , leader_title2=Military leader , leader_name2= Võ Nguyên Giáp The Việt Minh (; abbreviated from ,
Chữ Nôm Chữ Nôm (, , literally 'Southern characters') is a logographic In a written language A written language is the representation of a spoken or gestural language by means of a writing system. Written language is an invention in that it mu ...
and
Hán tự During ancient times, the ancestors of the Vietnamese were considered to have been Proto-Austroasiatic (also called ''Proto-Mon–Khmer'') speaking people, possibly traced to the ancient Dong Son culture. Modern linguists describe Vietnamese as ...
: ; french: Ligue pour l'indépendance du Viêt Nam, ) was a
national independence The right of peoples, a people to self-determination is a cardinal principle in modern international law (commonly regarded as a ''jus cogens'' rule), binding, as such, on the United Nations as authoritative interpretation of the Charter's norms. ...
coalition formed at
Pác Bó
Pác Bó
by
Hồ Chí Minh
Hồ Chí Minh
on May 19, 1941. Also known as the Việt Minh Front, it was created by the
Indochinese Communist Party The Indochinese Communist Party (ICP; vi, Đảng Cộng sản Đông Dương; french: Parti communiste indochinois; Cantonese: 印度支那共產黨; lo, ອິນດູຈີນພັກກອມມູນິດ; km, បក្សកុម្ ...
as a form of united national
front Front may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Films * ''The Front'' (1943 film), a 1943 Soviet drama film * '' The Front'', 1976 film Music * The Front (band), an American rock band signed to Columbia Records and active in the 1980s and e ...
in Vietnam. The ''Việt Nam Độc Lập Đồng Minh Hội'' had previously formed in
Nanjing Nanjing (; , Mandarin pronunciation: ), Postal Map Romanization, alternately romanized as Nanking, is the capital of Jiangsu Provinces of China, province of the China, People's Republic of China, a sub-provincial city, a megacity and the List ...

Nanjing
, China, at some point between August 1935 and early 1936 when Vietnamese nationalist parties formed an anti-imperialist
united front A united front is an alliance An alliance is a relationship among people A people is a plurality of person A person (plural people or persons) is a being that has certain capacities or attributes such as reason, morality, consciousne ...
. This organization soon lapsed into inactivity, only to be revived by the
Communist party Of Indochina The Communist Party of Indochina ( Vietnamese: ''Đông Dương Cộng sản Đảng'' 1929–1930) is one of three predecessors of the Communist Party of Vietnam The Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV) is the founding and ruling communist party ...
(ICP) and Hồ Chí Minh in 1941. The Việt Minh established itself as the only organized anti-French and anti-Japanese resistance group. The Việt Minh initially formed to seek independence for
Vietnam , image_map = , map_caption = , capital = Hanoi , coordinates = , largest_city = Ho Chi Minh City , languages_type = National language , languages ...

Vietnam
from the
French Empire#REDIRECT French Empire {{Redirect shell , {{R from ambiguous page {{R from other capitalisation ...
. The United States supported France. When the Japanese occupation began, the Việt Minh opposed Japan with support from the United States and the
Republic of China Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere, Eastern and No ...
. After
World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a World war, global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. It involved World War II by country, the vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great ...
, the Việt Minh opposed the re-occupation of Vietnam by France, resulting in the
Indochina War The First Indochina War (generally known as the Indochina War in France, and as the Anti-French Resistance War in Vietnam , image_map = , map_caption = , capital = Hanoi , coordinates ...
, and later opposed
South Vietnam South Vietnam, officially the Republic of Vietnam (RVN; vi, Việt Nam Cộng Hòa; french: République du Viêt Nam), was a country that existed from 1955 to 1975, the period when the southern portion of Vietnam , image_map ...
and the United States in the
Vietnam War {{Infobox military conflict , conflict = Vietnam War , partof = the Indochina Wars and the Cold War , image = VNWarMontage.png , image_size = 300px , caption = Clockwise, from top left: U.S. ...
. The political leader and founder of Việt Minh was Hồ Chí Minh. The military leadership was under the command of Võ Nguyên Giáp. Other founders were
Lê Duẩn Lê Duẩn (; 7 April 1907 – 10 July 1986) was a Vietnamese communist politician. He rose in the party hierarchy in the late 1950s and became General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam, General Secretary of the Central Committee of th ...
and Phạm Văn Đồng. The ''Việt Nam Độc Lập Đồng Minh Hội'' is not to be confused with the ''Việt Nam Cách Mạng Đồng Minh Hội'' (League for the Vietnamese Revolution, abbreviated as ''Việt Cách'') which was founded by Nguyễn Hải Thần. Viet Cach later joined the Vietnamese National Coalition in 1946.


World War II

During
World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a World war, global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. It involved World War II by country, the vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great ...
,
Japan , image_flag = Flag of Japan.svg , alt_flag = Centered deep red circle on a white rectangle , image_coat = Imperial Seal of Japan.svg , alt_coat = Golden circle subdiv ...

Japan
occupied
French Indochina French Indochina (previously spelled as French Indo-China; french: Indochine française; vi, Đông Dương thuộc Pháp, , lit. 'East Ocean under French Control; km, សហភាពឥណ្ឌូចិន), officially known as the Indochin ...
. As well as fighting the French in the battles of Khai Phat and Na Ngan, the Việt Minh started a
campaign Campaign or The Campaign may refer to: Types of campaigns * Campaign, in agriculture, the period during which sugar beets are harvested and processed *Advertising campaign, a series of advertisement messages that share a single idea and theme *Blit ...
against the Japanese. As of the end of 1944, the Việt Minh claimed a membership of 500,000, of which 200,000 were in
Tonkin Tonkin, also spelled ''Tongkin'', ''Tonquin'' or ''Tongking'', is an exonym An endonym (from Greek: , 'inner' + , 'name'; also known as autonym) is a common, internal name A name is a term used for identification by an external observer. Th ...
, 150,000 in Annam, and 150,000 in
Cochinchina Cochinchina or Cochin-China (; vi, miền Nam; km, កូសាំងស៊ីន, ; french: Cochinchine; zh, 交趾支那, ''Jiāozhǐ zhīnà'') is a historical exonym and endonym, exonym for part of Vietnam, depending on the contexts. Som ...
. Due to their opposition to the Japanese, the Việt Minh received funding from the
United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Washington, D.C., federal di ...

United States
, the
Soviet Union The Soviet Union,. officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (USSR),. was a Federalism, federal socialist state in Northern Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991. Nominally a Political union, union of multiple national Republics of t ...
and the
Republic of China Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere, Eastern and No ...

Republic of China
. After the takeover of nationalist organizations and Emperor
Bảo Đại Bảo Đại (, vi-hantu, , lit. "keeper of greatness", 22 October 191330 July 1997), born Nguyễn Phúc Vĩnh Thụy, was the 13th and final Emperor An emperor (from la, imperator, via fro, empereor) is a monarch, and usually the sov ...
's abdication to the Việt Minh,
Hồ Chí Minh
Hồ Chí Minh
declared Vietnam's independence by proclaiming the establishment of the
Democratic Republic of Vietnam North Vietnam, officially the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV) ( vi, Việt Nam Dân Chủ Cộng Hòa) was a state in Southeast Asia from 1945 to 1954 and a country from 1954 to 1976. During the August Revolution following World War I ...
on September 2, 1945.


First Indochina War

Within days, the Chinese
Kuomintang The Kuomintang (KMT) () is a major political party in Taiwan which originated as a revolutionary political party during the Republic of China (1912–1949), Republican Era on the Chinese mainland, where it is sometimes referred to as the Ch ...
(Nationalist) Army arrived in Vietnam to supervise the repatriation of the
Imperial Japanese Army The was the official ground-based armed force of the Empire of Japan from 1868 to 1945. It was controlled by the Imperial Japanese Army General Staff Office and the Ministry of the Army, both of which were nominally subordinate to the Emperor of ...
. The Democratic Republic of Vietnam therefore existed only in theory and effectively controlled no territory. A few months later, the Chinese, Vietnamese and French came to a three-way understanding. The French gave up certain rights in China, the Việt Minh agreed to the return of the French in exchange for promises of independence within the
French Union French (french: français(e), link=no) may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a country primarily located in Western Europe, consistin ...

French Union
, and the Chinese agreed to leave. Negotiations between the French and Việt Minh broke down quickly. What followed was nearly ten years of war against France. This was known as the
First Indochina War The First Indochina War (generally known as the Indochina War in France, and as the Anti-French Resistance War in Vietnam , image_map = , map_caption = , capital = Hanoi , coordinates ...
or, to the Vietnamese; "the French War". The Việt Minh, who were short on modern military knowledge, created a military school in
Quảng Ngãi Province Quảng Ngãi () is a province A province is almost always an administrative division within a country or state. The term derives from the ancient Roman '' provincia'', which was the major territorial and administrative unit of the Roman Empi ...
in June 1946. More than 400 Vietnamese were trained by Japanese defectors in this school. These soldiers were considered to be students of the Japanese. Later, some of them fought as generals against the United States in the Vietnam War or, to the Vietnamese; "the American War". French General Jean Étienne Valluy quickly pushed the Việt Minh out of
Hanoi , population_total = 8,053,663 ( 2nd) , population_as_of = 2019 , population_demonym = Hanoian , population_density_km2 = auto , population_urban = 3,962,310 , population_density_urban_km2 = 14708.8 , popula ...

Hanoi
. His French infantry with armored units went through Hanoi, fighting small battles against isolated Việt Minh groups. The French encircled the Việt Minh base,
Việt BắcViệt Bắc (''Northern Vietnam'') is a region of Vietnam north of Hanoi that served as the Việt Minh's base of support during the First Indochina War (1946–1954). Việt Bắc is also called the capital of northernmost Vietnam because this ar ...
, in 1947, but failed to defeat the Việt Minh forces, and had to retreat soon after. The campaign is now widely considered a Việt Minh victory over the well-equipped French force. The Việt Minh continued fighting against the French until 1949, when the border of China and Vietnam was linked together as a result of the campaign called ''Chiến dịch Biên giới'' ("Borderland Campaign"). The newly communist
People's Republic of China China (), officially the People's Republic of China (PRC; ), is a country in East Asia. It is the world's List of countries and dependencies by population, most populous country, with a Population of China, population of more than 1.4 billion ...

People's Republic of China
gave the Việt Minh both sheltered bases and heavy weapons with which to fight the French. With the additional weapons, the Việt Minh were able to take control over many rural areas of the country. Soon after that, they began to advance towards the French-occupied areas.


North Vietnam and the end of the Việt Minh

Following their defeat at the Battle of Điện Biên Phủ, the French began negotiations to leave Vietnam. As a result of peace accords worked out at the Geneva Conference in
Geneva , neighboring_municipalities= Carouge, Chêne-Bougeries, Cologny, Lancy, Grand-Saconnex, Pregny-Chambésy, Vernier, Switzerland, Vernier, Veyrier , website = geneve.ch Geneva ( ; french: Genève ; frp, Genèva ; german: link=no, Genf ; it, G ...

Geneva
, Switzerland, Vietnam was divided into
North Vietnam North Vietnam, officially the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV) ( vi, Việt Nam Dân Chủ Cộng Hòa) was a state in Southeast Asia from 1945 to 1954 and a country from 1954 to 1976. During the August Revolution following World War I ...

North Vietnam
and
South Vietnam South Vietnam, officially the Republic of Vietnam (RVN; vi, Việt Nam Cộng Hòa; french: République du Viêt Nam), was a country that existed from 1955 to 1975, the period when the southern portion of Vietnam , image_map ...
at the 17th Parallel as a temporary measure until unifying elections could take place in 1956. Transfer of civil administration of North Vietnam to the Việt Minh was given on October 11, 1954. Hồ Chí Minh was appointed Prime Minister of North Vietnam, which would be run as a
socialist state A socialist state, socialist republic, or socialist country, sometimes referred to as a workers' state or workers' republic, is a sovereign Sovereign is a title which can be applied to the highest leader in various categories. The word is borro ...
.
Ngô Đình Diệm Ngô Đình Diệm ( or ; ; 3 January 1901 – 2 November 1963) was a Vietnam , image_map = , map_caption = , capital = Hanoi , coordinates = , largest_city ...
, who was previously appointed Prime Minister of South Vietnam by Emperor
Bảo Đại Bảo Đại (, vi-hantu, , lit. "keeper of greatness", 22 October 191330 July 1997), born Nguyễn Phúc Vĩnh Thụy, was the 13th and final Emperor An emperor (from la, imperator, via fro, empereor) is a monarch, and usually the sov ...
, eventually assumed control of South Vietnam. The Geneva Accords promised elections in 1956 to determine a national government for a united Vietnam. Neither the United States government nor Ngô Đình Diệm's State of Vietnam signed anything at the 1954 Geneva Conference. With respect to the question of reunification, the non-communist Vietnamese delegation objected strenuously to any division of Vietnam, but lost out when the French accepted the proposal of Việt Minh delegate Phạm Văn Đồng, who proposed that Vietnam eventually be united by elections under the supervision of "local commissions". The United States countered with what became known as the "American Plan", with the support of South Vietnam and the United Kingdom.''The
Pentagon Papers The ''Pentagon Papers'', officially titled ''Report of the Office of the Secretary of Defense Vietnam Task Force'', is a United States Department of Defense The United States Department of Defense (DoD, USDOD or DOD) is an United States fe ...
'' (1971), Beacon Press, vol. 3, p. 140.
It provided for unification elections under the supervision of the
United Nations The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization that aims to maintain international peace and international security, security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international cooperation, and be a centre for har ...

United Nations
, but was rejected by the Soviet delegation. From his home in France, Vietnamese Emperor
Bảo Đại Bảo Đại (, vi-hantu, , lit. "keeper of greatness", 22 October 191330 July 1997), born Nguyễn Phúc Vĩnh Thụy, was the 13th and final Emperor An emperor (from la, imperator, via fro, empereor) is a monarch, and usually the sov ...
appointed Ngô Đình Diệm as . With United States support in rigging the referendum of 1955 using secret
Central Intelligence Agency The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA; ), known informally as "The Agency" and "The Company", is a civilian intelligence agency, foreign intelligence service of the federal government of the United States, officially tasked with gathering, proc ...
(CIA) funding, Diệm removed the Emperor and declared himself the
president President most commonly refers to: *President (corporate title) A president is a leader of an organization, company, community, club, trade union, university or other group. The relationship between a president and a Chief Executive Officer, chi ...
of the
Republic of Vietnam South Vietnam, officially the Republic of Vietnam (RVN; vi, Việt Nam Cộng Hòa; french: République du Viêt Nam), was a country that existed from 1955 to 1975, the period when the southern portion of Vietnam , image_map ...
. The United States believed Ho Chi Minh would win the nation wide election proposed at the Geneva Accords. In a secret memorandum, Director of CIA
Allen Dulles Allen Welsh Dulles (; April 7, 1893 – January 29, 1969) was the first civilian Director of Central Intelligence (DCI), and its longest-serving director to date. As head of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) during the early Cold War, he overs ...

Allen Dulles
acknowledged that "The evidence howsthat a majority of the people of Vietnam supported the Viet Minh rebels." Diem refused to hold the elections by citing that the South had not signed and were not bound to the Geneva Accords and that it was impossible to hold free elections in the communist North. Vietnam wide elections never happened and Việt Minh cadres who stayed behind in South Vietnam were activated and launched an insurgency against the government. North Vietnam also occupied portions of Laos to assist in supplying the insurgents known as the (''Viet Cong'') in South Vietnam. The war gradually escalated into the
Second Indochina War {{Infobox military conflict , conflict = Vietnam War{{native name, vi, Chiến tranh Việt Nam , partof = the Indochina Wars and the Cold War , image = File:VNWarMontage.png , image_size = 300px , ca ...
, more commonly known as the "Vietnam War" in the West and the "American War" in Vietnam.


Khmer Việt Minh

The Khmer Việt Minh were the 3,000 to 5,000 Cambodian communist cadres, left-wing members of the
Khmer Issarak The Khmer Issarak (Free Khmer, or Independent Khmer) ( km, ខ្មែរឥស្សរៈ) was a "loosely structured" anti-France, French and anti-colonial independent movement. Besides, the movement was labelled as “amorphous ...
movement regrouped in the
United Issarak Front The United Issarak Front (in km, សមាគមខ្មែរឥស្សរៈ, ''Samakhum Khmer Issarak'', lit. 'Khmer Issarak Front') was a Cambodian anti-colonial movement 1950–1954.,Kiernan, Ben. ''How Pol Pot Came to Power''. London: ...
after 1950, most of whom lived in exile in North Vietnam after the 1954 Geneva Conference. Khmer Issarak and United Issrak Front were under leadership of
Son Ngoc Minh Son Ngoc Minh ( km, សឺន ង៉ុកមិញ, vi, Sơn Ngọc Minh) (1920–1972), also known as Achar Mean (), was a Cambodian ''Achar (Buddhism), achar'' communist politician whose first notable career achievement was in 1950 when he was ...
,
Tou Samouth Tou Samouth ( km, ទូ សាមុត; c. 1915 – 20 July 1962), also known as Achar Sok (), was a Cambodian Communist politician. One of the founding members of the Party in Cambodia, and head of its more moderate faction, he is mainly remem ...
, Sieu Heng, etc. It was a derogatory term used by
Norodom Sihanouk Norodom Sihanouk ( km, នរោត្តម សីហនុ, ; 31 October 192215 October 2012) was a Cambodia, Cambodian politician who led Cambodia in various capacities throughout his political career, but most often as the King of Cambodia. ...
, dismissing the Cambodian leftists who had been organizing pro-independence agitations in alliance with the Vietnamese. Sihanouk's public criticism and mockery of the Khmer Issarak had the damaging effect of increasing the power of the hardline, anti-Vietnamese, but also anti-monarchist, members of the
Communist Party of Kampuchea The Communist Party of Kampuchea (CPK; km, បក្សកុម្មុយនីស្តកម្ពុជា, ; french: Parti communiste du Kampuchea), also known as the Khmer Communist Party,
(CPK), led by
Pol Pot Pol Pot; (born Saloth Sâr;; 19 May 1925 – 15 April 1998) was a Cambodian revolutionary and politician who governed Cambodia as Prime Minister of Cambodia, Prime Minister of Democratic Kampuchea between 1976 and 1979. Ideologically a ...

Pol Pot
.Ben Kiernan. ''How Pol Pot came to power'', Yale University Press, 2004, p.227 The Khmer Issarak and United Issarak Front were instrumental in the foundation of the Cambodian Salvation Front (FUNSK) in 1978. The FUNSK invaded Cambodia along with the Vietnamese Army and overthrew the
Democratic Kampuchea Kampuchea ( km, កម្ពុជា, ''Kămpŭchéa''), officially from 5 January 1976 the Democratic Kampuchea (DK; km, កម្ពុជាប្រជាធិបតេយ្យ; ''Kămpŭchéa Prâchéathĭpatai''), also described as the ...
Pol Pot state. Many of the Khmer Việt Minh had married Vietnamese women during their long exile in Vietnam.Margaret Slocomb, ''The People's Republic of Kampuchea, 1979-1989: The revolution after Pol Pot''


Laotian Việt Minh

Lao Issara The Lao Issara ( lo, ລາວອິດສະລະ ) was an anti-French, non-communist nationalist movement formed on 12 October 1945 by Prince Phetsarath. This short-lived movement emerged after the Japanese defeat in World War II Worl ...
(''Free Laos'') is a political & military organization of Laotian communists, led by
Phetsarath Prince Phetsarath Ratanavongsa (''Somdej Chao Maha Uparaja Petsaraj Ratanavongsa ''( lo, ສົມເດັຈເຈົ້າ ມຫາ ອຸປຣາຊ ເພັຊຣາຊ ຣັຕນວົງສາ) (19 January 1890 – 14 October 1959) ...
,
Souphanouvong Prince Souphanouvong (; 13 July 1909 – 9 January 1995) was, along with his half-brother Prince Souvanna Phouma and Prince Boun Oum of Champasak, one of the " Three Princes" who represented respectively the communist (pro-Vietnam), neutralis ...
,
Kaysone Phomvihane Kaysone Phomvihane ( lo, ໄກສອນ ພົມວິຫານ; 13 December 1920 – 21 November 1992) was the first leader of the Communist Lao People's Revolutionary Party from 1955 until his death in 1992. After the Communists seized pow ...
,
Phoumi Vongvichit Phoumi Vongvichit ( lo, ພູມີ ວົງວິຈິດ; 6 April 1909 – 7 January 1994) was a leading figure of the Pathet Lao and an elder statesman of the Lao People's Democratic Republic. He was born April 6, 1909 in Xieng Khouang, th ...
Lao Issara received training and supports from
Việt Minh , leader=Ho Chi Minh, successor=Viet Cong, leader_title=Political leader, leader2_title=Military leader, leader2=Võ Nguyên GiápImage:Flag of North Vietnam (1945–1955).svg, The Việt Minh flag. Việt Minh (; abbreviated from ''Việt Nam đ ...
. Under French intervention, Lao Issara was split into non-communists and communists. Laotian non-communists under leadership of Pretsarath later established the
Kingdom of Laos The Kingdom of Laos was a constitutional monarchy A constitutional monarchy is a form of monarchy in which the monarch exercises authority in accordance with a written or unwritten constitution. Constitutional monarchies differ from ab ...
which is part of the
French Union French (french: français(e), link=no) may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a country primarily located in Western Europe, consistin ...

French Union
. However Laotian communists rejected the French offer and fought side by side with Vietnamese communists during the
First Indochina War The First Indochina War (generally known as the Indochina War in France, and as the Anti-French Resistance War in Vietnam , image_map = , map_caption = , capital = Hanoi , coordinates ...
. In 1950 Lao Issara was renamed to
Pathet Lao The Pathet Lao ( lo, ປະເທດລາວ, translit=Pa thēt Lāo, translation=Lao Nation), officially the Lao People's Liberation Army, was a communist political movement and organization An organization, or organisation ( Commonw ...
(''Laos Nation'') under leadership of
Souphanouvong Prince Souphanouvong (; 13 July 1909 – 9 January 1995) was, along with his half-brother Prince Souvanna Phouma and Prince Boun Oum of Champasak, one of the " Three Princes" who represented respectively the communist (pro-Vietnam), neutralis ...
,
Kaysone Phomvihane Kaysone Phomvihane ( lo, ໄກສອນ ພົມວິຫານ; 13 December 1920 – 21 November 1992) was the first leader of the Communist Lao People's Revolutionary Party from 1955 until his death in 1992. After the Communists seized pow ...
,
Phoumi Vongvichit Phoumi Vongvichit ( lo, ພູມີ ວົງວິຈິດ; 6 April 1909 – 7 January 1994) was a leading figure of the Pathet Lao and an elder statesman of the Lao People's Democratic Republic. He was born April 6, 1909 in Xieng Khouang, th ...
, etc.


See also

*
Viet Cong The Viet Cong ( vi, Việt Cộng; ), officially known as the National Liberation Front of Southern Vietnam ( vi, Mặt trận Dân tộc Giải phóng miền Nam Việt Nam), was an armed communist political revolutionary organization in So ...

Viet Cong
*
Pathet Lao The Pathet Lao ( lo, ປະເທດລາວ, translit=Pa thēt Lāo, translation=Lao Nation), officially the Lao People's Liberation Army, was a communist political movement and organization An organization, or organisation ( Commonw ...
*
Khmer Issarak The Khmer Issarak (Free Khmer, or Independent Khmer) ( km, ខ្មែរឥស្សរៈ) was a "loosely structured" anti-France, French and anti-colonial independent movement. Besides, the movement was labelled as “amorphous ...
*
History of Vietnam The history of Vietnam , image_map = , map_caption = , capital = Hanoi , coordinates = , largest_city = Ho Chi Minh City , languages_type = National la ...

History of Vietnam
*
August Revolution The August Revolution ( vi, Cách mạng tháng Tám, links=no), also known as the August General Uprising ( vi, Tổng Khởi nghĩa tháng Tám, links=no), was a revolution launched by Ho Chi Minh, Ho Chi Minh's Việt Minh (League for the Indepen ...
*
Communist Party of Vietnam The Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV) is the founding and ruling communist party A communist party is a left-wing political party that seeks to realize the social and economic goals of communism. The term ''communist party'' was popularized b ...
* History of the Communist Party of Vietnam


References


External links


Collection of Official Documents on Vietnam History
{{Authority control Vietnamese independence movement Communism in Vietnam Defunct political parties in Vietnam Defunct political party alliances in Asia History of the Communist Party of Vietnam Guerrilla organizations National liberation movements National liberation armies Political party alliances in Vietnam Popular fronts of communist states Rebellions in Vietnam World War II resistance movements Aftermath of World War II in Vietnam 1940s in Vietnam Organizations established in 1941 1941 establishments in Vietnam 1941 establishments in French Indochina 1950s disestablishments in Vietnam Political parties established in 1944 Political parties disestablished in 1988 1944 establishments in French Indochina 1944 establishments in Vietnam 1988 disestablishments in Vietnam 1940s in French Indochina 1950s in French Indochina Communist parties in Vietnam Ho Chi Minh Political parties established in 1925 Political parties disestablished in 1930 1925 establishments in French Indochina 1930 disestablishments in French Indochina 1925 establishments in Vietnam 1930 disestablishments in Vietnam 1920s in French Indochina 1920s in Vietnam