Vienna (/viˈɛnə/) is a town in Fairfax County, Virginia, United
States. As of the 2010 United States Census, it had a population of
15,687. Significantly more people live in ZIP codes with the Vienna
postal addresses (22180, 22181, and 22182) bordered approximately by
Interstate 66 on the south, Interstate 495 on the east, Route 7 to the
north, and Hunter Mill road to the west.
In August 2013, CNNMoney and Money magazine ranked Vienna, VA third on
its list of the 100 best places to live in the United States. In
addition to highly ranked public schools, its assets include a
downtown with many small businesses, a
Washington Metro station with
large parking garages (the western terminus of the Orange Line) just
south of the town, and a portion of the Washington & Old Dominion
Railroad Regional Park hiker/biker trail cutting through the center of
the town. Tysons Corner, a residential, commercial and shopping
district, is nearby, as is Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing
4.1 Primary and secondary schools
4.2 Public libraries
5.1 Top employers
6 Notable people
7 Points of interest
9 External links
War memorial in Vienna
Non-native settlement in the region dates to ca. 1740. In 1754,
prominent soldier and land owner Colonel Charles Broadwater settled
within the town boundaries. Broadwater's son-in-law, John Hunter built
the first recorded house there in 1767, naming it
Ayr Hill (recalling
his birthplace, Ayr, Scotland.) That name was subsequently applied to
the tiny, developing community. The name of the town was changed in
the 1850s, when a doctor named William Hendrick settled there on the
condition that the town would rename itself after his hometown,
Phelps, New York, then known as Vienna.
On June 17, 1861 a relatively minor but widely noted military
engagement occurred there, the Battle of Vienna, one of the earliest
armed clashes of the Civil War. A would-be Union occupation unit under
Robert C. Schenck
Robert C. Schenck approached Vienna from the east by train
but was ambushed and forced to retreat by a superior Confederate force
led by Colonel Maxcy Gregg. Today, several historical markers in
Vienna detail its Civil War history.
The First Baptist Church of Vienna was founded in 1867, and the
original church structure was built using Union Army barracks lumber
obtained through the Freedmen's Bureau. This church building was
also the town's first black public school. The first white public
school was built in 1872. A permanent black elementary school was
built, which was later named for its long-time principal, Louise
Archer. Fairfax County Schools were completely desegregated by the
Fall of 1965.
Robert Hanssen was arrested in Vienna in 2001 for spying for the
Russian intelligence service (and previously the KGB). His home was
outside the town but had a Vienna mailing address. He used dead drops
in nearby Foxstone Park to deliver U.S. federal government secrets to
his handlers, and to collect cash or diamonds in exchange. Hanssen was
sentenced that year to serve multiple life terms in prison.
The Vienna, VA postal area (pink) compared to the town limits (red).
Vienna is located at 38°54′N 77°16′W / 38.900°N
77.267°W / 38.900; -77.267 (38.8991, −77.2607), at an elevation
of 358 feet (109 meters). It lies in the Piedmont approximately
5.5 miles (8.9 km) southwest of the Potomac River.
Wolftrap Creek, a tributary of nearby Difficult Run, flows north from
its source in the eastern part of town. The Bear Branch of Accotink
Creek, a Potomac tributary, flows south from its source in the
southern part of town. Located in Northern
Virginia on Interstate
66, Vienna is 12 miles (19 km) west of
Washington, D.C. and 2
miles (3.2 km) northeast of Fairfax, the county seat.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total
area of 4.4 square miles (11.5 km²), all of it land. As a
suburb of Washington, D.C., Vienna is a part of both the Washington
Metropolitan Area and the larger Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan
Area. It is bordered on all sides by other Washington suburbs,
including: Wolf Trap to the north,
Tysons Corner to the northeast,
Dunn Loring to the east, Merrifield to the south, and Oakton to the
west. These communities are unincorporated, and portions of them
lie in ZIP codes with Vienna postal addresses despite lying outside
the town's borders.
* U.S. Decennial Census
As of the 2010 census, there were 15,687 people, 5,528 households, and
4,215 families residing in the town. The population density was
3,565.2 per square mile (1,376.5/km²). There were 5,686 housing units
at an average density of 1,292.3 per square mile (494.4/km²). The
racial makeup of the town was 75.5% White, 12.1% Asian, 3.2% African
American, 0.3% Native American, 5.3% from other races, and 3.6% from
two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.0% of the
There were 5,528 households out of which 39.6% had children under the
age of 18 living with them, 63.4% were married couples living
together, 3.7% had a male householder with no wife present, 9.1% had a
female householder with no husband present, and 23.8% were
non-families. 18.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and
8.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The
average household size was 2.84, and the average family size was
In the town, the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of
18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 30.3% from 45 to 64, and
13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.7
years. For every 100 females, there were 99.5 males. For every 100
females age 18 and over, there were 97.1 males age 18 and over.
As of 2009, the median income for a household in the town was
$113,817, and the median income for a family was $124,895. Males had a
median income of $88,355 versus $66,642 for females. The per capita
income for the town was $49,544. About 3.7% of families and 5.9% of
the population were below the poverty line, including 6.5% of those
under age 18 and 2.9% of those age 65 or over.
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Primary and secondary schools
The town is Fairfax County Public Schools.
Vienna is served by three high schools (Oakton, Madison, and
Marshall), two middle schools (Kilmer and Thoreau), and six elementary
schools. However, of all the schools Vienna students attend, only four
public and one private are actually within the town limits: Cunningham
Park Elementary School, Marshall Road Elementary School, Louise Archer
Elementary School, Vienna Elementary School and Green Hedges School.
Vienna has one independent school, Green Hedges, accredited by the
Virginia Association of Independent Schools. Green Hedges has students
from ages 3 through Grade 8. Founded in 1942, the School was relocated
to the Windsor Heights area of Vienna in 1955.
Vienna is home to two Catholic elementary schools: St. Mark Catholic
School and Our Lady of Good Counsel Catholic School.
The music program at James Madison High School includes a marching
band, "The Pride of Vienna", and color guard, two symphonic bands,
jazz band, orchestra, and chorus. The Crew team at James Madison has
won many awards. The novice team has won states three years in a
row In addition, the Women's Junior Eight of 2010 won second in
the nation as well as
Virginia States. Their Team sent all their
boats but two, to the nationals in Saratoga. Their Varsity
Baseball team has won 26 District titles, 6 Region titles, and 4 State
titles (1968, 1971, 2002, 2015), led by Coach Mark "Pudge" Gjormand's
20-year run which produced 19 of the 36 titles (14 district/3 region/2
state). A water tower stating "Home of the Warhawks" can be seen
towering over the school.
Thoreau Middle School shares a class with Joyce Kilmer Middle School
(also located in Vienna) and Longfellow Middle School (located in
Falls Church). Kilmer had accelerated programs for students that have
passed certain aptitude tests, known as the Advanced Academic Program
(AAP) program. This program has also been introduced into Luther
Jackson Middle School. Kilmer also has a band and orchestra program,
and recently started up a
Science Olympiad and Chess Club program.
Close to Madison sit the six elementary schools: Flint Hill Elementary
(not to be confused with Flint Hill School, a private school in
neighboring Oakton, Virginia), Louise Archer (which also has an AAP
program), Marshall Road, Vienna Elementary, Wolftrap, and Cunningham
Park. Each of these schools send graduates into Thoreau, Kilmer,
Luther Jackson Middle School or Longfellow, and afterwards James
Madison High School,
Oakton High School
Oakton High School (just outside Vienna on the
border with Oakton, with a Vienna address), George C. Marshall High
School (in the Falls Church area of Fairfax County), Falls Church High
School (just outside Vienna in Merrifield) or McLean High School.
Freedom Hill Elementary, which recently started a Gifted and Talented
program, sends graduates to Kilmer, and afterward to Thomas Jefferson
High School for Science and Technology or Marshall High School.
Residents of Vienna that live along the town's border with Great
Falls, VA also send graduates into Langley High School via Cooper
Middle School. Because of the large influx of new residents in the
last decade, the classes of '09, '10, and '11 at these regional high
schools are expected to be the largest over the next ten
Fairfax County Public Library
Fairfax County Public Library operates the Patrick Henry Library in
MAE-East is located within the Vienna postal area in Tysons Corner
CDP. This served as one of two locations (in addition to MAE-West)
where all Internet traffic was exchanged between one ISP and other
private, government, and academic Internet networks and served as a
magnet for telecom and other high-tech companies focused on the
Internet. In 1995 America Online (AOL) was headquartered at 8619
Westwood Center Drive in
Tysons Corner CDP in unincorporated Fairfax
County, near Vienna.
According to the Town's 2015 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,
the top employers in the town are:
# of Employees
Navy Federal Credit Union
Fairfax County Public Schools
Contemporary Electrical Services, Inc
Whole Foods Market Group
Town of Vienna
Westwood Country Club
Wheat's Lawn and Custom Land Inc
The Hope Center for Advanced Veterinary Medicine
U.S. Postal Service
Many of these residents live outside the town but in the Vienna postal
Yussur A.F. Abrar, former Governor of the Central Bank of Somalia
Alex Albrecht, host of Digg.com's popular podcast Diggnation, along
with Kevin Rose
Mike Baker (CIA officer), former CIA operations officer and frequent
FOX News Contributor. Also appeared on Spike TV's Deadliest Warrior in
CIA vs KGB
David Baldacci, popular author
Sandra Beasley, poet
Reva Beck Bosone, former member of the United States House of
Gordon L. Brady, economist and writer
Washington Wizards play-by-play announcer
Ian Caldwell, author
David Chang, chef and restaurateur
Tom Davis, former Republican member of the United States House of
John M. Dowd, lawyer
Trevor N. Dupuy, United States Army colonel and noted historian
Bill Emerson (musician), hall of fame bluegrass banjoist, founding
member of The Country Gentlemen
Billy Lee Evans, former member of the United States House of
Kyle Foggo, former U.S. federal government intelligence officer
convicted of bribery
Hrach Gregorian, political consultant, educator, and writer
Katherine Hadford, figure skater
Robert Hanssen, spy for USSR and Russia while a Federal Bureau of
Investigation counterespionage agent
Spencer Heath, inventor of the reversible pitch airplane propeller
William G. Hundley, criminal defense attorney for high-profile
clients, died in 2006 in Vienna
Mark Keam, member of the
Virginia House of Delegates
David Kellermann, former CFO of Freddie Mac
Lester Kinsolving, reporter, columnist, and talk show host
Michael McCrary, retired
National Football League
National Football League player
Robert M. McDowell, former commissioner at the Federal Communications
Christian missionary held captive in
John Myung, professional poker player
Héctor Andrés Negroni, first Puerto Rican graduate of the United
States Air Force Academy
Alketas Panagoulias, a Greek, former association football player and
manager. He managed the national teams of both Greece and the United
Howard Phillips, conservative political activist
Tony Rodham, American consultant and businessman who is the youngest
brother of former First Lady, Senator, and Secretary of State Hillary
Chris Samuels, former American football offensive tackle for the
Randy Scott, sportcaster, ESPN, and former stand-up comedian
Kaleem Shah, American entrepreneur, and owner of Thoroughbred race
Alfred Dennis Sieminski, represented New Jersey's 13th congressional
district from 1951-1959.
Nick Sorensen, American football player for the Cleveland Browns
Michael J. Sullivan (author), fantasy novelist
Edwin Winans, United States Army general
Frank Wolf, former Republican member of the United States House of
Garrett Roe, US Hockey Olympian
Angela Aki, Singer
Points of interest
Freeman Store and Museum (Vienna, Virginia)
Jammin' Java coffeehouse and music club
Meadowlark Botanical Gardens
The Raleigh DeGeer Amyx Collection
Terrorist Screening Center
Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing Arts
Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing Arts (located in the CDP of
Wolf Trap, Virginia)
Covance#Vienna, Virginia, United States
Great Falls Park, Virginia, United States
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^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-01-02. Retrieved
Town of Vienna,
Town History". Viennava.gov. Retrieved
^ "On June 17, 1861 Historical Marker". Retrieved 29 November
^ "Civil War Action at Vienna Historical Marker". Retrieved 29
^ "Civil War Star Fort Historical Marker". Retrieved 29 November
^ "Cavalry Engagement near Hunter's Mill Historical Marker". Retrieved
29 November 2016.
^ "Terror by the Tracks Historical Marker". Retrieved 29 November
^ "First Baptist Church of Vienna Church History". Fbcv.org.
1996-04-14. Retrieved 2012-05-14.
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& Mary Department of Geology. Archived from the original on
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Virginia Department of
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Branch. July 2007. Retrieved 2011-07-22.
^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9,
^ "Vienna town, Virginia — Selected Economic Characteristics:
American Community Survey
American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates.
United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-07-21.
^ "School". St. Mark. Retrieved 2013-04-07.
^ "OLGC School: Location & Directions". Vienna, Virginia: Our Lady
of Good Counsel Catholic School. Retrieved 2014-01-06.
^ a b c d "Brian Hetrick". Warhawkcrew.org. Retrieved
^ "Library Branches." Fairfax County Public Library. Retrieved on
October 21, 2009.
^ "AMERICA ONLINE INC." The Washington Post. April 17, 2005. Retrieved
on May 7, 2009.
Tysons Corner CDP, Virginia." United States Census Bureau.
Retrieved on May 7, 2009.
^ Sugawara, Sandra. "America Online to Reduce Rates; Firm Faces
Subscriber Boycott, Pressure From Competitors." The Washington Post.
October 13, 1994. Financial B09. Retrieved on May 7, 2009.
Town of Vienna CAFR". Retrieved 2012-05-14.
Alfred Dennis Sieminski biography, United States Congress. Accessed
June 29, 2007.
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Town of Vienna
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