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v t e
Vidyāraṇya, (Kannada: ವಿದ್ಯಾರಣ್ಯ) is variously
known as a kingmaker, patron saint and high priest to Harihara I
(ಹಕ್ಕ ರಾಯ I) and Bukka Raya I,((Kannada:
ಬುಕ್ಕರಾಯ). ) the founders of the Vijayanagara Empire.
He was the 12th Jagadguru of the Śringeri Śarada Pītham from
Vidyāraṇya helped the brothers establish the empire sometime in
1336. He later served as a mentor and guide to three generations of
kings who ruled over the Vijayanagara Empire. Vijayanagara (Hampi),
the capital of the empire, had a temple dedicated to Mādhavācārya.
He is identified as Madhavacharya, the author of the
Sarvadarśanasaṅgraha, a compendium of different philosophical
1 Early life 2 Career
3 Literary Works
3.1 Sarvadarśanasaṅgraha 3.2 Pañcadaśī 3.3 Madhaviya Shankara Vijaya
4 See also 5 Notes 6 References 7 External links
One theory identifies
Vidyaranya as Madhava, the brother of Sayana.
This suggests that he was born to Māyaṇācārya and Śrīmatīdevī
in Pampakṣetra (modern-day Hampi).
However, according to the records of the
Arhata or Jainism
The Sarvadarśanasaṅgraha itself doesn’t contain the 16th chapter
(Advaita Vedanta, or the system of Adi Shankara), the absence of which
is explained by a paragraph at the end of the 15th chapter, (the
Patanjali-Darsana). It says: “The system of Sankara, which comes
next in succession, and which is the crest-gem of all systems, has
been explained by us elsewhere, it is therefore left untouched
Vidyaranya tries to refute, chapter by chapter, the other systems of
thought prominent in his day. Other than Buddhist and Jaina
Vidyaranya draws quotes directly from the works of their
founders or leading exponents and it also has to be added that in
this work, with remarkable mental detachment, he places himself in the
position of an adherent of sixteen distinct philosophical systems.
Sarvadarśanasaṅgraha is one of the few available sources of
information about lokayata, the materialist system of philosophy in
ancient India. In the very first chapter, "The
Cārvāka System", he
critiques the arguments of lokayatikas. While doing so he quotes
Cārvāka works. It is possible that some of these
arguments put forward as the lokayata point of view may be a mere
caricature of lokayata philosophy. Yet in the absence of any original
work of lokayatikas, it is one of the very few sources of information
available today on materialist philosophy in ancient India.
Vidyaranya's Pañcadaśī is a standard text on the philosophy of the
^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Mādhava Āchārya". Encyclopædia
^ not to be confused with Madhvacharya
^ a b c Roshen Dalal 2010, p. 455.
^ Subodh Kapoor. Encyclopaedia of Ancient Indian Geography Vol.2.
Genesis. p. 620.
^ Vidyabhaskar, Ramavatar.
Cowell, E.B.; Gough, A.E. (1882). Sarva-Darsana Sangraha of Madhava Acharya: Review of Different Systems of Hindu Philosophy. New Delhi: Indian Books Centre/Sri Satguru Publications. ISBN 81-703-0875-5. Indian Philosophy - a Popular Introduction: Debiprasad Chattopadhyaya, People's Publishing House, New Delhi, 7th edition 1993 Krishnananda, (Swami). The Philosophy of the Panchadasi. Rishikesh: The Divine Life Society Sivananda Ashram. Radhakrishnan, S (1929). Indian Philosophy, Volume 1. Muirhead library of philosophy (2nd ed.). London: George Allen and Unwin Ltd. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Mādhava Āchārya". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. Roshen Dalal (2010). Hinduism: An Alphabetical Guide. Penguin. ISBN 978-0-14-341421-6.
Biography at freeindia.org
Works by Madhava
Sri Bharati Krishna Tirtha
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