* CHARVAKA * ĀJīVIKA * BUDDHISM * JAINISM
* Vaishnava * Smarta * Shakta
* Shaiva : Pratyabhijña * Pashupata * Siddhanta
TEACHERS (Acharyas )
ACHINTYA BHEDA ABHEDA
* Tantra * Shakta
* Kanada , Prashastapada
* Sruti * Smriti
------------------------- SHASTRAS AND SUTRAS
* Pramana Sutras
* v * t * e
VIDYāRAṇYA, (Kannada: ವಿದ್ಯಾರಣ್ಯ) is variously
known as a kingmaker , patron saint and high priest to Harihara I
(ಹಕ್ಕ ರಾಯ I) and
Bukka Raya I ,((Kannada:
ಬುಕ್ಕರಾಯ). ) the founders of the
Vidyāraṇya helped the brothers establish the empire sometime in
1336. He later served as a mentor and guide to three generations of
kings who ruled over the Vijayanagara Empire. Vijayanagara (
He is identified as MADHAVACHARYA, the author of the
Sarvadarśanasaṅgraha, a compendium of different philosophical
* 1 Early life
* 2 Career
* 3 Literary Works
* 3.1 Sarvadarśanasaṅgraha * 3.2 Pañcadaśī * 3.3 Madhaviya Shankara Vijaya
* 4 See also * 5 Notes * 6 References * 7 External links
However, according to the records of the Sringeri Sharada Peetham , Vidyaranya was a different person, and Sayana and Madhava were actually his disciples. According to this account, Vidyaranya was born in c. 1296 CE in Ekasila Nagara (present-day Warangal ). He was the elder brother of Bharati Tirtha, who preceded him as the acharya of Sringeri. This account also claims that Vidyaranya wrote some Veda bhashyas, and his disciples Sayana and Madhava completed these works.
Vidyaranya served as a prime minister in the
A local legend goes like this: Once, during a hunt, Harihara saw a big rabbit and sent his hunting dog after it. However, the rabbit bit the dog and escaped. While returning from the hunt, Harihara saw a holy man, and narrated the strange incident to him. The holy man was Vidyaranya. The two men went to the place where the rabbit had escaped. Vidyaranya told him that the place was sacred, and advised him to establish the capital of his new kingdom there.
Vidyaranya's most famous works are Pārāśara-Mādhavīya and the
Sarvadarśanasaṅgraha "Compendium of school of philosophies", a
compendium of all the known Indian schools of philosophy. To quote
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan , the Sarvadarśanasaṅgraha "sketches
sixteen systems of thought so as to exhibit a gradually ascending
series, culminating in the Advaita
The Sarvadarśanasaṅgraha itself doesn’t contain the 16th chapter
(Advaita Vedanta, or the system of
Vidyaranya tries to refute, chapter by chapter, the other systems of thought prominent in his day. Other than Buddhist and Jaina philosophies, Vidyaranya draws quotes directly from the works of their founders or leading exponents and it also has to be added that in this work, with remarkable mental detachment, he places himself in the position of an adherent of sixteen distinct philosophical systems.
Sarvadarśanasaṅgraha is one of the few available sources of information about lokayata, the materialist system of philosophy in ancient India. In the very first chapter, "The Cārvāka System", he critiques the arguments of lokayatikas. While doing so he quotes extensively from Cārvāka works. It is possible that some of these arguments put forward as the lokayata point of view may be a mere caricature of lokayata philosophy. Yet in the absence of any original work of lokayatikas, it is one of the very few sources of information available today on materialist philosophy in ancient India.
Vidyaranya's Pañcadaśī is a standard text on the philosophy of the
MADHAVIYA SHANKARA VIJAYA
* ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Mādhava Āchārya". Encyclopædia
* ^ A B C Roshen Dalal 2010 , p. 455.
* ^ Subodh Kapoor. Encyclopaedia of Ancient Indian Geography Vol.2.
Genesis. p. 620.
* ^ Vidyabhaskar, Ramavatar.
Panchadasi (in Hindi). Krishnakumar
Sharma, PO. Ratangarh, Dist. Bijnore, Uttar Pradesh.
* ^ Jaywant Joglekar (2006). Decisive Battles
* Cowell, E.B. ; Gough, A.E. (1882). Sarva-Darsana Sangraha of Madhava Acharya: Review of Different Systems of Hindu Philosophy. New Delhi: Indian Books Centre/Sri Satguru Publications. ISBN 81-703-0875-5 . * Indian Philosophy - a Popular Introduction: Debiprasad Chattopadhyaya , People's Publishing House, New Delhi, 7th edition 1993 * Krishnananda, (Swami) . The Philosophy of the Panchadasi. Rishikesh: The Divine Life Society Sivananda Ashram. * Radhakrishnan, S (1929). Indian Philosophy, Volume 1. Muirhead library of philosophy (2nd ed.). London: George Allen and Unwin Ltd. * This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Mādhava Āchārya". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. * Roshen Dalal (2010). Hinduism: An Alphabetical Guide. Penguin. ISBN 978-0-14-341421-6 .