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TEACHERS (Acharyas )
ACHINTYA BHEDA ABHEDA
* Kanada , Prashastapada
------------------------- _SHASTRAS AND SUTRAS _
* Hinduism * Other Indian philosophies
* v * t * e
VIDYāRAṇYA, (Kannada: ವಿದ್ಯಾರಣ್ಯ) is variously
known as a kingmaker , patron saint and high priest to Harihara I
(ಹಕ್ಕ ರಾಯ I) and
Bukka Raya I ,((Kannada:
ಬುಕ್ಕರಾಯ). ) the founders of the
Vidyāraṇya helped the brothers establish the empire sometime in
1336. He later served as a mentor and guide to three generations of
kings who ruled over the Vijayanagara Empire. Vijayanagara (
He is identified as MADHAVACHARYA, the author of the _Sarvadarśanasaṅgraha_, a compendium of different philosophical schools of Hindu philosophy and _Pañcadaśī _, an important text for Advaita Vedanta .
* 1 Early life
* 2 Career
* 3 Literary Works
* 3.1 _Sarvadarśanasaṅgraha_ * 3.2 Pañcadaśī * 3.3 Madhaviya Shankara Vijaya
* 4 See also * 5 Notes * 6 References * 7 External links
However, according to the records of the
Sringeri Sharada Peetham ,
Vidyaranya was a different person, and
Vidyaranya served as a prime minister in the
A local legend goes like this: Once, during a hunt, Harihara saw a big rabbit and sent his hunting dog after it. However, the rabbit bit the dog and escaped. While returning from the hunt, Harihara saw a holy man, and narrated the strange incident to him. The holy man was Vidyaranya. The two men went to the place where the rabbit had escaped. Vidyaranya told him that the place was sacred, and advised him to establish the capital of his new kingdom there.
Vidyaranya's most famous works are _Pārāśara-Mādhavīya_ and the
_Sarvadarśanasaṅgraha_ "Compendium of school of philosophies", a
compendium of all the known Indian schools of philosophy. To quote
The _Sarvadarśanasaṅgraha_ itself doesn’t contain the 16th chapter (_Advaita Vedanta_, or the system of Adi Shankara ), the absence of which is explained by a paragraph at the end of the 15th chapter, (the Patanjali-Darsana). It says: “The system of Sankara, which comes next in succession, and which is the crest-gem of all systems, has been explained by us elsewhere, it is therefore left untouched here”.
Vidyaranya tries to refute, chapter by chapter, the other systems of thought prominent in his day. Other than Buddhist and Jaina philosophies, Vidyaranya draws quotes directly from the works of their founders or leading exponents and it also has to be added that in this work, with remarkable mental detachment, he places himself in the position of an adherent of sixteen distinct philosophical systems.
_Sarvadarśanasaṅgraha_ is one of the few available sources of information about _lokayata_, the materialist system of philosophy in ancient India. In the very first chapter, "The Cārvāka System", he critiques the arguments of _lokayatika_s. While doing so he quotes extensively from Cārvāka works. It is possible that some of these arguments put forward as the _lokayata_ point of view may be a mere caricature of _lokayata_ philosophy. Yet in the absence of any original work of _lokayatika_s, it is one of the very few sources of information available today on materialist philosophy in ancient India.
Vidyaranya's Pañcadaśī is a standard text on the philosophy of the Advaita Vedanta tradition. It consists of fifteen chapters which are divided into three sections of five chapters each, which are designated as Viveka(Discrimination), Dipa(Illumination) and Ananda(Bliss). The text elucidates many Vedantic concepts such as, the five sheaths of an individuality, the relation between Isvara(God), Jagat(world) and Jiva(individual), the indistinguishability of cause and effect etc.
MADHAVIYA SHANKARA VIJAYA
* ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Mādhava Āchārya". Encyclopædia
* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Roshen Dalal 2010 , p. 455.
* ^ Subodh Kapoor. _Encyclopaedia of Ancient Indian Geography
Vol.2_. Genesis. p. 620.
* ^ Vidyabhaskar, Ramavatar. _Panchadasi_ (in Hindi). Krishnakumar
Sharma, PO. Ratangarh, Dist. Bijnore, Uttar Pradesh.
* ^ Jaywant Joglekar (2006). _Decisive Battles
* Cowell, E.B. ; Gough, A.E. (1882). _Sarva-Darsana Sangraha of Madhava Acharya: Review of Different Systems of Hindu Philosophy_. New Delhi: Indian Books Centre/Sri Satguru Publications. ISBN 81-703-0875-5 . * _Indian Philosophy - a Popular Introduction_: Debiprasad Chattopadhyaya , People's Publishing House, New Delhi, 7th edition 1993 * Krishnananda, (Swami) . _The Philosophy of the Panchadasi_. Rishikesh: The Divine Life Society Sivananda Ashram. * Radhakrishnan, S (1929). _Indian Philosophy, Volume 1_. Muirhead library of philosophy (2nd ed.). London: George Allen and Unwin Ltd. * _ This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Mādhava Āchārya". Encyclopædia Britannica _ (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. * Roshen Dalal (2010). _Hinduism: An Alphabetical Guide_. Penguin. ISBN 978-0-14-341421-6 .