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The Vidhan Sabha
Vidhan Sabha
or the Legislative Assembly is the lower house (in states with bicameral) or the sole house (in unicameral states) of the state legislature in the different states of India.[1] The same name is also used for the lower house of the legislatures for two of the Union Territories, Delhi
Delhi
and Puducherry.[citation needed] The upper house in the seven states[citation needed] with a bicameral legislature is called the Legislative Council, or Vidhan Parishad. Members of a Vidhan Sabha
Vidhan Sabha
are direct representatives of the people of the particular state as they are directly elected by an electorate consisting of all citizens above the age of 18 of that state. Its maximum size as outlined in the Constitution of India
India
is not more than 500 members and not fewer than 60 members. However, the size of the Vidhan Sabha
Vidhan Sabha
can be fewer than 59 members through an Act of Parliament: such is the case in the states of Goa, Sikkim, Mizoram
Mizoram
and the Union Territory of Puducherry. In some states the Governor may appoint 1 member to represent minorities, e.g. the Anglo-Indian community, if he finds that minority inadequately represented in the House. Those elected or nominated (by the Governors) to Vidhan Sabha are referred to as Members of Legislative Assembly or MLAs. Each Vidhan Sabha
Vidhan Sabha
assembles for a five-year term, after which all seats are up for electiDuring a state of emergency, its term may be extended past five years or it may be dissolved. The term of the Legislative Assembly is five years. But it may be dissolved even earlier than five years by the Governor on the request of the Chief Minister. The term of a Legislative Assembly may be extended during an Emergency, but not by more than six months at a time. A Vidhan Sabha
Vidhan Sabha
can also be dissolved if a motion of no confidence is passed within it against the majority party or coalition.

Contents

1 Qualifications required to become a member 2 Special
Special
Powers of the Vidhan Sabha 3 List of Vidhan Sabhas 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Qualifications required to become a member[edit] To become a member of a Vidhan Sabha, a person must be a citizen of India, not less than 25 years of age. He or she should be mentally sound and should not be bankrupt. He or she should also state an affidavit that there are no criminal procedures against him or her. Speaker of Vidhan Sabha
Vidhan Sabha
who is responsible for the conduct of business of the body, and also a Deputy Speaker to preside during the Speaker's absence. The Speaker acts as a neutral judge and manages all debates and discussions in the house. Usually he or she is a member of the stronger political party A Vidhan Sabha
Vidhan Sabha
holds equal legislative power with the upper house of state legislature, the Vidhan Parishad ('Legislative Council'), except in the area of money bills in which case the Vidhan Sabha
Vidhan Sabha
has the ultimate authority. Special
Special
Powers of the Vidhan Sabha[edit] A motion of no confidence against the government in the state can only be introduced in the Vidhan Sabha. If it is passed by a majority vote, then the Chief Minister and his Council of Ministers must collectively resign. A money bill can only be introduced in Vidhan Sabha. In bicameral jurisdictions, after it is passed in the Vidhan Sabha, it is sent to the Vidhan Parishad, where it can be kept for a maximum time of 14 days. Unless by the Finance Minister of the state in the name of the Governor of that state. In matters related to ordinary bills, the will of Legislative Assembly prevails and there is no provision of joint sitting. In such cases, Legislative council can delay the legislation by maximum 4 months (3 months in first visit and 1 month in the second visit of the bill). List of Vidhan Sabhas[edit]

Vidhan Sabha
Vidhan Sabha
(Legislative Assembly) Image List of constituencies Location/state capital Number of seats Governing party

Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly

List of constituencies of Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly Amaravathi 175 Telugu Desam Party

Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly

List of constituencies of Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly Itanagar 60 Bharatiya Janata Party

Assam Legislative Assembly

List of constituencies of Assam Legislative Assembly Dispur 126 Bharatiya Janata Party

Bihar Legislative Assembly

List of constituencies of Bihar Legislative Assembly Patna 243 Janata Dal (United)

Chhattisgarh Legislative Assembly

List of constituencies of Chhattisgarh Legislative Assembly Naya Raipur 90 Bharatiya Janata Party

Delhi
Delhi
Legislative Assembly

List of constituencies of Delhi
Delhi
Legislative Assembly New Delhi 70 Aam Aadmi Party

Goa
Goa
Legislative Assembly

List of constituencies of Goa
Goa
Legislative Assembly Panaji 40 Bharatiya Janata Party

Gujarat Legislative Assembly

List of constituencies of Gujarat Legislative Assembly Gandhinagar 182 Bharatiya Janata Party

Haryana Legislative Assembly

List of constituencies of Haryana Legislative Assembly Chandigarh 90 Bharatiya Janata Party

Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly

List of constituencies of Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly Shimla 68 Bharatiya Janata Party

Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly

List of constituencies of Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly Srinagar 87 Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party

Jharkhand Legislative Assembly

List of constituencies of Jharkhand Legislative Assembly Ranchi 81 Bharatiya Janata Party

Karnataka Legislative Assembly

List of constituencies of Karnataka Legislative Assembly Bengaluru 224 Indian National Congress

Kerala Legislative Assembly

List of constituencies of Kerala Legislative Assembly Thiruvananthapuram 140 Communist Party of India
India
(Marxist)

Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly

List of constituencies of Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly Bhopal 230 Bharatiya Janata Party

Maharashtra Legislative Assembly

List of constituencies of Maharashtra Legislative Assembly Mumbai 288 Bharatiya Janata Party

Manipur Legislative Assembly

List of constituencies of Manipur Legislative Assembly Imphal 60 Bharatiya Janata Party

Meghalaya Legislative Assembly

List of constituencies of Meghalaya Legislative Assembly Shillong 60 National People's Party

Mizoram
Mizoram
Legislative Assembly

List of constituencies of Mizoram
Mizoram
Legislative Assembly Aizawl 40 Indian National Congress

Nagaland Legislative Assembly

List of constituencies of Nagaland Legislative Assembly Kohima 60 Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party

Odisha Legislative Assembly

List of constituencies of Odisha Legislative Assembly Bhubaneshwar 147 Biju Janata Dal

Puducherry
Puducherry
Legislative Assembly

List of constituencies of Puducherry
Puducherry
Legislative Assembly Pondicherry 30 Indian National Congress

Punjab Legislative Assembly

List of constituencies of Punjab Legislative Assembly Chandigarh 117 Indian National Congress

Rajasthan Legislative Assembly

List of constituencies of Rajasthan Legislative Assembly Jaipur 200 Bharatiya Janata Party

Sikkim
Sikkim
Legislative Assembly

List of constituencies of Sikkim
Sikkim
Legislative Assembly Gangtok 32 Sikkim
Sikkim
Democratic Front

Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly

List of constituencies of Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly Chennai 234 All India
India
Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam

Telangana Legislative Assembly

List of constituencies of Telangana Legislative Assembly Hyderabad 119 Telangana Rashtra Samithi

Tripura Legislative Assembly

List of constituencies of Tripura Legislative Assembly Agartala 60 Bharatiya Janata Party

Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly

List of constituencies of Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly Lucknow 403 Bharatiya Janata Party

Uttarakhand Legislative Assembly

List of constituencies of Uttarakhand Legislative Assembly Dehradun 70 Bharatiya Janata Party

West Bengal Legislative Assembly

List of constituencies of West Bengal Legislative Assembly Kolkata 294 All India
India
Trinamool Congress (214)

Total

— — 4120[2] —

See also[edit]

Politics of India State Assembly elections in India Vidhan Parishad

References[edit]

^ "Bihar Vidhan Sabha". www.vidhansabha.bih.nic.in. Retrieved 12 January 2017.  ^ "Election Commission of India". eci.nic.in. Retrieved 12 January 2017. 

External links[edit]

Legislative Bodies in India, website Assembly constituency level publications, website Laws of India : A website to download laws made by different states Punjab Vidhan Sabha
Vidhan Sabha
Election Results 2012

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Elections in India

General elections

1920 1923 1926 1930 1934 1945 1951–52 1957 1962 1967 1971 1977 1980 1984 1989 1991 1996 1998 1999 2004 2009 2014 2019

State elections

1920 1923 1926 1930 1934 1937 1946 1952 1954 1955 1957 1960 1961 1962 1964 1965 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1974 1975 1977 1978 1979 1980 1982 1983 1984 1985 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019

See also: Elections in Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha Puducherry Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Telangana Tripura Uttar Pradesh Uttar

.