Victoria, Hong Kong
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The City of Victoria, often called Victoria City or simply Victoria, was the ''de facto'' capital of
Hong Kong Hong Kong (; , ), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (HKSAR), is a city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Pe ...

Hong Kong
during its time as a British dependent territory, and the
de jure In law and government, ''de jure'' ( ; , "by law") describes practices that are legally recognized, regardless of whether the practice exists in reality. In contrast, ("in fact") describes situations that exist in reality, even if not legally ...
capital of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China. It was initially named Queenstown but was soon known as Victoria. It was one of the first urban settlements in Hong Kong and its boundaries are recorded in the Laws of Hong Kong. All government bureaux and many key departments still have their head offices located within its limit. Present-day
Central Central is an adjective In linguistics Linguistics is the scientific study of language A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech (spoken language), gestures (Signed language, sign languag ...

Central
is at the heart of Victoria City. Although the city expanded over much of what is now
Kennedy Town Kennedy Town is at the western end of Sai Wan on Hong Kong Island in Hong Kong. It was named after Arthur Kennedy (colonial administrator), Arthur Edward Kennedy, the 7th Governor of Hong Kong from 1872 to 1877. Administratively, it is part of C ...
,
Shek Tong Tsui Shek Tong Tsui or Belcher Point is an area in Sai Wan on Hong Kong Island in Hong Kong. Administratively, it belongs to the Central and Western District. This area is bounded north by the Victoria Harbour, south by Pok Fu Lam Road and Third ...

Shek Tong Tsui
,
Lung Fu Shan Lung Fu Shan or Hill Above Belcher's is a list of mountains, peaks and hills in Hong Kong, hill on the northwestern part of Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong, and an list of buildings, sites, and areas in Hong Kong, area on the northeastern slope of the ...
,
Sai Ying Pun Sai Ying Pun is an area in Western District (Hong Kong), Western District, on Hong Kong Island, in Hong Kong. It is administratively part of the Central and Western District. Etymology In Cantonese, ''Sai'' () means "west" and ''Ying Pun'' ( ...

Sai Ying Pun
,
Sheung Wan Sheung Wan is an area Area is the quantity Quantity is a property that can exist as a multitude or magnitude, which illustrate discontinuity and continuity. Quantities can be compared in terms of "more", "less", or "equal", o ...

Sheung Wan
,
Wan Chai Wan Chai is a metropolitan area situated at the western part of the Wan Chai District Wan Chai District (, literally "Cove District") is one of the 18 districts of Hong Kong Hong Kong (, ), officially the Hong Kong Special Adminis ...

Wan Chai
, Happy Valley, the
Mid-Levels Mid-Levels is an affluent residential area on Hong Kong Island 250px, Kornhill and Shau Kei Wan, located in the northern part of Eastern District Hong Kong Island is an Islands and peninsulas of Hong Kong, island in the southern pa ...
,
East PointEast Point is the name of several places: In Australia * East Point, Northern Territory ** East Point Military museum located in East Point, Northern Territory In Canada *East Point, Prince Edward Island In Hong Kong: *East Point, Hong Kong In th ...
and parts of
Causeway Bay Causeway Bay is a district of Hong Kong Island Hong Kong Island is an island An island (or isle) is an isolated piece of habitat that is surrounded by a dramatically different habitat, such as water. Very small islands s ...

Causeway Bay
, the name ''Victoria'' has been eclipsed by ''Central'' in popular usage. However, the name is still used in places such as Victoria Park,
Victoria Peak Victoria Peak is a hill on the western half of Hong Kong Island 250px, Kornhill and Shau Kei Wan, located in the northern part of Eastern District Hong Kong Island is an Islands and peninsulas of Hong Kong, island in the southern p ...

Victoria Peak
,
Victoria Harbour Victoria Harbour is a natural landform harbor, harbour in Hong Kong separating Hong Kong Island in the south from the Kowloon Peninsula to the north. The harbour's deep, sheltered waters and strategic location on the South China Sea were inst ...

Victoria Harbour
, , and . It is also retained in the names of various organisations such as the Victoria City District of the Hong Kong Scout, and the Victoria Junior Chamber. The name Victoria District Court had been used into the 1980s, when it was moved to the
Wanchai Tower Wanchai Tower, located at 12 Harbour Road, Wan Chai, Hong Kong, is home to the District Court (Hong Kong), District Court and government offices. Neighbouring buildings include Immigration Tower, Revenue Tower and Shui On Centre. History The ...
and combined with other
district courts District courts are a category of courts which exists in several nations, some call them "small case court" usually as the lowest level of the hierarchy. These include: Americas United States In the United States federal courts, the United Sta ...
in the territory.


History

In 1857, the British government expanded the scope of Victoria City and divided it into four ''wans'' (). The four ''wans'' are ''Sai Wan'' ("West Ring" in Chinese, present-day
Sai Wan Sai Wan (Western district, or simply Western) is an area in Hong Kong Island 250px, Kornhill and Shau Kei Wan, located in the northern part of Eastern District Hong Kong Island is an Islands and peninsulas of Hong Kong, island in ...

Sai Wan
, including
Kennedy Town Kennedy Town is at the western end of Sai Wan on Hong Kong Island in Hong Kong. It was named after Arthur Kennedy (colonial administrator), Arthur Edward Kennedy, the 7th Governor of Hong Kong from 1872 to 1877. Administratively, it is part of C ...
,
Shek Tong Tsui Shek Tong Tsui or Belcher Point is an area in Sai Wan on Hong Kong Island in Hong Kong. Administratively, it belongs to the Central and Western District. This area is bounded north by the Victoria Harbour, south by Pok Fu Lam Road and Third ...

Shek Tong Tsui
, and
Sai Ying Pun Sai Ying Pun is an area in Western District (Hong Kong), Western District, on Hong Kong Island, in Hong Kong. It is administratively part of the Central and Western District. Etymology In Cantonese, ''Sai'' () means "west" and ''Ying Pun'' ( ...

Sai Ying Pun
), ''Sheung Wan'' ("Upper Ring" in Chinese, present-day
Sheung Wan Sheung Wan is an area Area is the quantity Quantity is a property that can exist as a multitude or magnitude, which illustrate discontinuity and continuity. Quantities can be compared in terms of "more", "less", or "equal", o ...

Sheung Wan
), ''Choong Wan'' or ''Chung Wan'' ("Central Ring" in Chinese, present-day
Central Central is an adjective In linguistics Linguistics is the scientific study of language A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech (spoken language), gestures (Signed language, sign languag ...

Central
) and ''Ha Wan'' ("Lower Ring" in Chinese, present-day
Wan Chai Wan Chai is a metropolitan area situated at the western part of the Wan Chai District Wan Chai District (, literally "Cove District") is one of the 18 districts of Hong Kong Hong Kong (, ), officially the Hong Kong Special Adminis ...

Wan Chai
). "Sai Wan", "Sheung Wan" and "Choong Wan" retain the same name in Chinese today. The four ''wans'' are further divided into nine ''yeuks'' (, similar to "district" or "neighbourhood"). The coverage also included parts of
East PointEast Point is the name of several places: In Australia * East Point, Northern Territory ** East Point Military museum located in East Point, Northern Territory In Canada *East Point, Prince Edward Island In Hong Kong: *East Point, Hong Kong In th ...
and Happy Valley (West of Wong Nai Chung Road on the east side of ). In 1903, boundary stones were established to mark the city's boundary and six of them are still preserved today. The stones spread from
Causeway Bay Causeway Bay is a district of Hong Kong Island Hong Kong Island is an island An island (or isle) is an isolated piece of habitat that is surrounded by a dramatically different habitat, such as water. Very small islands s ...

Causeway Bay
to Kennedy Town. In the 1890s, Victoria extended four miles west to east along the coastal strip. Buildings were made of
granite Granite () is a coarse-grained (phanerite, phaneritic) intrusive rock, intrusive igneous rock composed mostly of quartz, alkali feldspar, and plagioclase. It forms from magma with a high content of silica and alkali metal oxides that slowly cool ...

granite
and brick. Buses and the new tramway would become the main form of transportation in the area. The city is centred in present-day Central, and named after
Queen Victoria Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland There have been 12 British monarchs since the political union of the Kingdom of England The Kingdom of En ...

Queen Victoria
in 1843. It occupies the areas known in modern times as Central,
Admiralty Admiralty usually refers to: * Admiralty (United Kingdom), military department in command of the Royal Navy from 1707 to 1964 *The rank of admiral Admiral is one of the highest ranks in some navy, navies, and in many navies is the highest rank ...

Admiralty
, Sheung Wan, Wan Chai,
East PointEast Point is the name of several places: In Australia * East Point, Northern Territory ** East Point Military museum located in East Point, Northern Territory In Canada *East Point, Prince Edward Island In Hong Kong: *East Point, Hong Kong In th ...
, Shek Tong Tsui, the
Mid-levels Mid-Levels is an affluent residential area on Hong Kong Island 250px, Kornhill and Shau Kei Wan, located in the northern part of Eastern District Hong Kong Island is an Islands and peninsulas of Hong Kong, island in the southern pa ...
, , Happy Valley,
Tin Hau Mazu is a Chinese folk religion, Chinese sea goddess also known by #Names, several other names and titles. She is the apotheosis, deified form of the purported historical Lin Mo or Lin Moniang, a Fujianese shamaness whose life span is traditi ...
, and Kennedy Town, on
Hong Kong Island Hong Kong Island is an island An island (or isle) is an isolated piece of habitat that is surrounded by a dramatically different habitat, such as water. Very small islands such as emergent land features on atoll An atoll ( ...

Hong Kong Island
.


Boundaries

The city boundaries are defined in the laws of Hong Kong as follows: *On the north – ; *On the west – A line running due north and south drawn through the north-west angle of Inland Lot No. 1299 and extending southwards a distance of 850 feet from the aforesaid angle; *On the south – A line running due east from the southern extremity of the western boundary until it meets a contour in the vicinity of the Hill above Belchers 700 feet above principal datum, that is to say, a level 17.833 feet below the bench-mark known as "Rifleman's Bolt", the highest point of a copper bolt set horizontally in the east wall of the Royal Navy Office and Mess Block Naval Dockyard, and thence following the said contour until it meets the eastern boundary; *On the east – A line following the west side of the Government Pier, Bay View and thence along the west side of , then along the north side of Causeway Road to . Thence along the west side of Moreton Terrace to the south-east corner of Inland Lot No. 1580 and produced in a straight line for 80 feet, and thence along the north side of Cotton Path and produced until it meets the west side of Wong Nei Chong Road on the east side of Wong Nei Chong Valley and thence to the south-east angle of Inland Lot No. 1364, produced until it meets the southern boundary. In 1903, the Hong Kong Government erected seven boundary stones for the city, inscribed "City Boundary 1903" at
Hatton Road Hatton Road (), also known as "The Morning Trail", is a paved, steep, motor vehicle-free road on Lung Fu Shan Lung Fu Shan or Hill Above Belcher's is a list of mountains, peaks and hills in Hong Kong, hill on the northwestern part of Hong Kong ...
,
Pok Fu Lam Road Pok Fu Lam Road, or Pokfulam Road, is a four-lane road in Hong Kong. Built on Hong Kong Island, the road runs between Sai Ying Pun and Wah Fu, through Pok Fu Lam. Description It runs south from Sai Ying Pun, passing University of Hong Kong, ...
,
Bowen Road Bowen Road () is a road from the Mid-Levels to Wong Nai Chung Gap of Hong Kong Island, on the slope above Central, Hong Kong, Central, Wan Chai and Happy Valley, Hong Kong, Happy Valley in Hong Kong. Bowen Road starts from Magazine Gap Road near ...
, Old Peak Road (),
Wong Nai Chung Road Wong Nai Chung Road (Chinese language, Chinese: 黃泥涌道) is a major road in Happy Valley, Hong Kong, Happy Valley, Hong Kong. It is a U-shaped road that encircles the southern and eastern sides of the Happy Valley Racecourse. Location Wong ...
, Victoria Road/Sai Ning Street () and
Magazine Gap Road Magazine Gap Road is a winding road on the affluent and ultra-expensive Mid-Levels and Victoria Peak, the Peak on the Hong Kong Island in Hong Kong. It is one of the main access leading to the Peak area. Description It starts low from Robinson ...
. All remain, except for the one in Magazine Gap Road, which disappeared around mid-June 2007.''Apple Daily'' article about the boundary stones, 19 August 2007


Districts

Also called ''yeuks''. *Kennedy Town, Hong Kong *Shek Tong Tsui, Shektongtsui *Sai Ying Poon *Taipingshan – a neighborhood near Sheung Wan that shared its name with
Victoria Peak Victoria Peak is a hill on the western half of Hong Kong Island 250px, Kornhill and Shau Kei Wan, located in the northern part of Eastern District Hong Kong Island is an Islands and peninsulas of Hong Kong, island in the southern p ...

Victoria Peak
*
Sheung Wan Sheung Wan is an area Area is the quantity Quantity is a property that can exist as a multitude or magnitude, which illustrate discontinuity and continuity. Quantities can be compared in terms of "more", "less", or "equal", o ...

Sheung Wan
*Choong Wan (known in modern times as
Central Central is an adjective In linguistics Linguistics is the scientific study of language A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech (spoken language), gestures (Signed language, sign languag ...

Central
in English) *Ha Wan (today's
Admiralty Admiralty usually refers to: * Admiralty (United Kingdom), military department in command of the Royal Navy from 1707 to 1964 *The rank of admiral Admiral is one of the highest ranks in some navy, navies, and in many navies is the highest rank ...

Admiralty
) *
Wan Chai Wan Chai is a metropolitan area situated at the western part of the Wan Chai District Wan Chai District (, literally "Cove District") is one of the 18 districts of Hong Kong Hong Kong (, ), officially the Hong Kong Special Adminis ...

Wan Chai
*Canal Road, Hong Kong#History, Bowrington (between today's
Wan Chai Wan Chai is a metropolitan area situated at the western part of the Wan Chai District Wan Chai District (, literally "Cove District") is one of the 18 districts of Hong Kong Hong Kong (, ), officially the Hong Kong Special Adminis ...

Wan Chai
and
Causeway Bay Causeway Bay is a district of Hong Kong Island Hong Kong Island is an island An island (or isle) is an isolated piece of habitat that is surrounded by a dramatically different habitat, such as water. Very small islands s ...

Causeway Bay
; known also as Ngo Keng) *So Kon Po, Soo Kun Po * Happy Valley *
Causeway Bay Causeway Bay is a district of Hong Kong Island Hong Kong Island is an island An island (or isle) is an isolated piece of habitat that is surrounded by a dramatically different habitat, such as water. Very small islands s ...

Causeway Bay


See also

* History of Hong Kong * List of buildings, sites and areas in Hong Kong * List of places named for Queen Victoria#Hong Kong, List of places named for Queen Victoria § Hong Kong, for a list of places named after Queen Victoria * Praya


References


External links


Boundary of the City of Victoria as defined in Hong Kong Laws
Cap 1 SCHED 1 of Hong Kong Law
Article on history of Hong Kong

Photos of the 1903 boundary stonesA article on the "four wans and nine yeuks" in Chinese
(Adobe Systems, Adobe PDF format)
Another article on "four wans and nine yeuks"

A photographic panorama of the water-front and city of Victoria
taken sometime after 1906, in Cambridge Digital Library {{Coord, 22, 16, 42, N, 114, 10, 28, E, region:CN-91_type:city(1063646)_source:dewiki, display=title Victoria City, Central, Hong Kong Central and Western District, Hong Kong Hong Kong Island Populated coastal places in Hong Kong Populated places established in 1842 1842 establishments in Hong Kong Populated places in Hong Kong