Victor Stolan
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Victor Stolan (born 1893) provided "the germ of the idea"Sir Arthur Norman (1981) The story of the World Wildlife Fund. Contemporary Review vol 239, 23-29. that led
Julian Huxley Sir Julian Sorell Huxley (22 June 1887 – 14 February 1975) was an English evolutionary biologist, eugenicist, and internationalist. He was a proponent of natural selection Natural selection is the differential survival and reprodu ...
and
Max Nicholson Edward Max Nicholson (12 July 1904 – 26 April 2003) was a pioneering environmentalism, environmentalist, ornithology, ornithologist and internationalism (politics), internationalist, and a founder of the World Wide Fund for Nature, World Wildl ...
with him to start the
World Wildlife Fund In its most general sense, the term "world" refers to the totality of entities, to the whole of reality or to everything that is. The nature of the world has been conceptualized differently in different fields. Some conceptions see the world ...
. They together with others they recruited founded the organization on 11 September 1961 in Switzerland.Kate Kellaway (7 November 2010)
How the Observer brought the WWF into being
The Observer ''The Observer'' is a British newspaper Sunday editions, published on Sundays. In the same place on the political spectrum as its sister papers ''The Guardian'' and ''The Guardian Weekly'', whose parent company Guardian Media Group, Guardian ...

The Observer
.
Max Nicholson (1981). The first world conservation lecture. The Environmentalist Volume 1, Number 2, 109-116, Scott, P. (1965). The launching of a new ark: first report of the President and Trustees of the World Wildlife Fund: an international foundation for saving the world's wildlife and wild places; 1961-1964. Collins Originally a Czechoslovakian refugee, Victor Stolan was by that time a naturalized UK citizen that had become a businessman and hotel owner. He died within a few years of the start of the WWF.
Colin WillockColin Willock (13 January 1919 – 26 March 2005) was a magazine editor and a nature documentary writer and producer, working on series such as ITV (TV network), ITV's ''Survival (TV series), Survival''. Aubrey Buxton brought him in to work on the f ...
(1991). Wildfight: a history of conservation. Jonathan Cape. p. 42.


Role in starting WWF

Victor Stolan, born 1893 in Czechoslovakia,BRITISH COMMITTEE FOR REFUGEES FROM CZECHOSLOVAKIA AND CZECH REFUGEE TRUST FUND DOCUMENTS AT THE PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE
/ref> wrote to
Julian Huxley Sir Julian Sorell Huxley (22 June 1887 – 14 February 1975) was an English evolutionary biologist, eugenicist, and internationalist. He was a proponent of natural selection Natural selection is the differential survival and reprodu ...
, the author of three articles about the disappearance of wild life in Africa that first appeared on 13 November 1960 in
The Observer ''The Observer'' is a British newspaper Sunday editions, published on Sundays. In the same place on the political spectrum as its sister papers ''The Guardian'' and ''The Guardian Weekly'', whose parent company Guardian Media Group, Guardian ...

The Observer
with "The germ of the idea that was to result in the birth of the World Wildlife Fund". In this letter, dated 6 December 1960, Stolan argued that an international appeal aiming to raise millions of pounds should be set up on behalf of all wild species threatened by extinction. It "urged Huxley to put him in touch with a "single and uninhibited mind… with whom ideas can be developed and speedilly directed towards accumulating some millions of pounds without mobilising commissions, committees etc as there is no time for Victorian procedure". Huxley responded by putting him in contact with
Max Nicholson Edward Max Nicholson (12 July 1904 – 26 April 2003) was a pioneering environmentalism, environmentalist, ornithology, ornithologist and internationalism (politics), internationalist, and a founder of the World Wide Fund for Nature, World Wildl ...
who saw the logic of his argument and encouraged Victor to write a memorandum about setting up such a fund. This memorandum has been described as "brilliant, lengthy and eccentric". It argued that help should be sought from the Pope and Archbishop of Canterbury: "Nobody is in too high a place to lend a hand to defend creation." He also argued that "new tycoons" be asked for money to create a "shining monument in history". Nicholson checked the plausibility of setting up such a fund by showing the memorandum to Guy Mountfort, the head of a major advertising agency. This was, as "Nicholson later acknowledged, a turning point. As a result, in May 1961, a meeting was held that included
Peter Scott Sir Peter Markham Scott, (14 September 1909 – 29 August 1989) was a British ornithologist, conservation movement, conservationist, painter, naval officer, broadcaster and Sportsperson, sportsman. The only child of Antarctic explorer Robert Fal ...
(the WWF's first chairman) as well as the three initiators.


Exclusion

In the spring and summer of 1961 there were more meetings but Victor Stolan came to be excluded from them. In a letter to Huxley, Nicholson wrote, "Mr Stolan is rather too much the naive enthusiast and rather too little the practical man of affairs to be very much help," Stolan's history as an hotelier was also counted against him: "an unfortunate experience with a country hotel". Nicholson also made prejudicial remarks about his Czechoslovakian background. Another factor could have been that unlike all the other founders of the WWF, Stolan was not like them an
ornithologist Ornithology is a branch of zoology that concerns the "methodological study and consequent knowledge of birds with all that relates to them". Several aspects of ornithology differ from related disciplines, due partly to the high visibility and th ...
nor earlier involved in
conservationism The conservation movement, also known as nature conservation, is a political, environmental, and social movement that seeks to manage and protect natural resource , Malaysia is an example of undisturbed natural resource. Waterfalls provide sp ...
. Victor Stolan died within a few years of the founding of the WWF.


References


External links

The articles by Julian Huxley in
the Observer ''The Observer'' is a British newspaper Sunday editions, published on Sundays. In the same place on the political spectrum as its sister papers ''The Guardian'' and ''The Guardian Weekly'', whose parent company Guardian Media Group, Guardian ...

the Observer
which caused Victor Stolan to write to Huxley (note: paid subscription required): *Nov 13 196
The treasure house of wild lifeMore meat from game than cattle
*Nov 20 196
Cropping the wild protein
*Nov 27 196
Wild life as a World Assetsecond page
{{DEFAULTSORT:Stolan, Victor 1893 births Naturalised citizens of the United Kingdom British hoteliers Czechoslovak refugees Czechoslovak environmentalists Year of death missing Place of death missing