HOME
The Info List - Victor Fleming

Victor Lonzo Fleming (February 23, 1889 – January 6, 1949) was an American film director, cinematographer, and producer. His most popular films were The Wizard of Oz (1939), and Gone with the Wind (1939), for which he won an Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Director. Fleming has two films listed in the top 10 of the American Film Institute's 2007 AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies list.

Contents

1 Biography

1.1 Early life 1.2 Career 1.3 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer 1.4 Personal life 1.5 Comment by Anne Revere

2 Filmography 3 References 4 External links

Biography[edit] Early life[edit] Victor Fleming
Victor Fleming
was born at the Banbury Ranch near what is now La Cañada Flintridge, California, the son of Eva (née Hartman) and William Richard Lozno Fleming.[1] Career[edit] He served in the photographic section during World War I, and acted as chief photographer for President Woodrow Wilson
Woodrow Wilson
in Versailles, France.[2] He showed a mechanical aptitude early in life; while working as a car mechanic, he met the director Allan Dwan, who took him on as a camera assistant. He soon rose to the rank of cinematographer, working with both Dwan and D. W. Griffith, and directed his first film in 1919.[3] Many of his silent films were action movies, often starring Douglas Fairbanks, or Westerns. Because of his robust attitude and love of outdoor sports, he became known as a "man's director"; however, he also proved an effective director of women. Under his direction, Vivien Leigh
Vivien Leigh
won the Best Actress Oscar, Hattie McDaniel
Hattie McDaniel
won for Best Supporting Actress, and Olivia De Havilland
Olivia De Havilland
was nominated. Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer[edit] In 1932, Fleming joined MGM
MGM
and directed some of the studio's most prestigious films. Red Dust (1932), Bombshell (1933), and Reckless (1935) showcasing Jean Harlow, while Treasure Island (1934) and Captains Courageous (1937) brought a touch of literary distinction to boy's-own adventure stories. His two most famous films came in 1939, when The Wizard of Oz was closely followed by Gone With the Wind.

On the set of The Wizard of Oz, L-R: Mervyn Leroy, Judy Garland, and Victor Fleming
Victor Fleming
holding Toto, surrounded by the Singer Midgets as the Munchkins

Fleming's version of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1941), with Spencer Tracy, was generally rated below Rouben Mamoulian's 1931 pre-code version, which had starred Fredric March. Fleming's 1942 film version of John Steinbeck's Tortilla Flat starred Tracy, John Garfield, Hedy Lamarr, and Frank Morgan. Other films that Fleming made with Tracy include Captains Courageous (for which Tracy won his first Oscar), A Guy Named Joe, and Test Pilot. He directed Clark Gable
Clark Gable
in a total of five films – Red Dust, The White Sister, Test Pilot, Gone with the Wind, and Adventure. Personal life[edit] He owned the Moraga Estate in Bel Air, Los Angeles, California, then a horse ranch.[4][5][6] Frequent guests to his estate were Clark Gable, Vivien Leigh, Ingrid Bergman, and Spencer Tracy.[5] He died suddenly, while en route to a hospital in Cottonwood, Arizona[7] after suffering a heart attack on January 6, 1949. His death occurred shortly after completing Joan of Arc
Joan of Arc
(1948) with Ingrid Bergman, one of the few films that he did not make for MGM. Despite mixed reviews, Fleming's film version of the life of Joan received seven Academy Award
Academy Award
nominations, winning two. Comment by Anne Revere[edit] It was reported in James Curtis' book Spencer Tracy: A Biography[8] that Anne Revere
Anne Revere
once said Fleming was "violently pro-Nazi" and strongly opposed to the United States entering World War II. According to the Fleming biography Victor Fleming: An American Movie Master,[9] by author Michael Sragow, Fleming had once mocked the UK at the outset of World War II by taking a bet as to how long the country could withstand an attack by Germany. Furthermore, Revere had made her comment because she felt she had been cast in the film The Yearling over Flora Robson
Flora Robson
because Robson was British. However, at the time of the casting, Fleming was working on the film Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, which featured a British producer and a cast largely composed of British or British Commonwealth actors. Furthermore, Revere did not know Fleming beyond their professional relationship. According to the cited biography, no other supporting evidence has been found for Revere's claim.

Filmography[edit]

On set of Gone With the Wind (1939). Left to right: Director Victor Fleming, Olivia de Havilland, and Louis Jean Heydt

When the Clouds Roll By
When the Clouds Roll By
(1919) (directorial debut) The Mollycoddle
The Mollycoddle
(1920) Mama's Affair
Mama's Affair
(1921) Woman's Place
Woman's Place
(1921) The Lane That Had No Turning
The Lane That Had No Turning
(1922) Red Hot Romance (1922) Anna Ascends
Anna Ascends
(1922) Dark Secrets
Dark Secrets
(1923) Law of the Lawless
Law of the Lawless
(1923) To the Last Man (1923) The Call of the Canyon
The Call of the Canyon
(1923) Empty Hands
Empty Hands
(1924) Code of the Sea
Code of the Sea
(1924) Adventure (1925) The Devil's Cargo
The Devil's Cargo
(1925) A Son of His Father
A Son of His Father
(1925) Lord Jim (1925) The Blind Goddess
The Blind Goddess
(1926) Mantrap (1926) The Way of All Flesh (1927) Hula (1927) The Rough Riders (1927) The Awakening (1928) Abie's Irish Rose (1928) Wolf Song
Wolf Song
(1929) The Virginian (1929) Common Clay (1930) Renegades (1930) The Wet Parade
The Wet Parade
(1932) Red Dust (1932) The White Sister (1933) Bombshell (1933) Treasure Island (1934) Reckless (1935) The Farmer Takes a Wife (1935) Captains Courageous (1937) Test Pilot (1938) The Wizard of Oz (1939) Gone with the Wind (1939) Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1941) Tortilla Flat (1942) A Guy Named Joe (1943) Adventure (1945) Joan of Arc
Joan of Arc
(1948) (final film)

References[edit]

^ Michael Sragow (2013). Victor Fleming: An American Movie Master. University Press of Kentucky. p. 19.  ^ " Victor Fleming
Victor Fleming
Biography". biography.com. Retrieved June 26, 2010.  ^ Glen O. Gabbard, Krin Gabbard, Psychiatry and the Cinema, page 37 (American Psychiatric Press, Inc., 1999, second edition). ISBN 0-88048-826-3 ^ " Moraga Estate - History". May 8, 2013. Archived from the original on May 8, 2013. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ a b Meg James, Rupert Murdoch buys Moraga Vineyards estate in Bel Air, The Los Angeles Times, May 10, 2013 ^ S. Irene Virbila, Moraga Vineyards in Bel Air for sale, The Los Angeles Times, February 8, 2013 ^ "Prescott Evening Courier - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com. Retrieved November 30, 2014.  ^ Curtis, James Spencer Tracy: A Biography p. 417 ^ Michael Sragow, Victor Fleming: An American Movie Master, (Pantheon, 2008). ISBN 978-0375407482

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Victor Fleming.

Victor Fleming
Victor Fleming
on IMDb Victor Fleming
Victor Fleming
at AllMovie Victor Fleming
Victor Fleming
at the TCM Movie Database The Real Rhett Butler – David Denby on Victor Fleming
Victor Fleming
(The New Yorker)

v t e

Films directed by Victor Fleming

When the Clouds Roll by
When the Clouds Roll by
(1919) The Mollycoddle
The Mollycoddle
(1920) Mama's Affair
Mama's Affair
(1921) Woman's Place
Woman's Place
(1921) The Lane That Had No Turning
The Lane That Had No Turning
(1922) Red Hot Romance (1922) Anna Ascends
Anna Ascends
(1922) Dark Secrets
Dark Secrets
(1923) Law of the Lawless
Law of the Lawless
(1923) To the Last Man (1923) The Call of the Canyon
The Call of the Canyon
(1923) Code of the Sea
Code of the Sea
(1924) Empty Hands
Empty Hands
(1924) The Devil's Cargo
The Devil's Cargo
(1925) Adventure (1925) A Son of His Father
A Son of His Father
(1925) Lord Jim (1925) The Blind Goddess
The Blind Goddess
(1926) Mantrap (1926) The Way of All Flesh (1927) Hula (1927) The Rough Riders (1927) Abie's Irish Rose (1928) The Awakening (1928) Wolf Song
Wolf Song
(1929) The Virginian (1929) Common Clay (1930) Renegades (1930) Around the World in 80 Minutes with Douglas Fairbanks
Douglas Fairbanks
(1931) Red Dust (1932) The Wet Parade
The Wet Parade
(1932) Treasure Island (1934) Reckless (1935) The Farmer Takes a Wife (1935) Captains Courageous (1937) Test Pilot (1938) The Wizard of Oz (1939) Gone with the Wind (1939) Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1941) Tortilla Flat (1942) A Guy Named Joe (1943) Adventure (1945) Joan of Arc
Joan of Arc
(1948)

v t e

Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Director

1927–1950

Frank Borzage
Frank Borzage
(1927) Lewis Milestone
Lewis Milestone
(1928) Frank Lloyd
Frank Lloyd
(1929) Lewis Milestone
Lewis Milestone
(1930) Norman Taurog
Norman Taurog
(1931) Frank Borzage
Frank Borzage
(1932) Frank Lloyd
Frank Lloyd
(1933) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1934) John Ford
John Ford
(1935) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1936) Leo McCarey (1937) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1938) Victor Fleming
Victor Fleming
(1939) John Ford
John Ford
(1940) John Ford
John Ford
(1941) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1942) Michael Curtiz
Michael Curtiz
(1943) Leo McCarey (1944) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1945) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1946) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1947) John Huston
John Huston
(1948) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1949) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1950)

1951–1975

George Stevens
George Stevens
(1951) John Ford
John Ford
(1952) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1953) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1954) Delbert Mann
Delbert Mann
(1955) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1956) David Lean
David Lean
(1957) Vincente Minnelli
Vincente Minnelli
(1958) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1959) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1960) Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
and Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1961) David Lean
David Lean
(1962) Tony Richardson
Tony Richardson
(1963) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1964) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1965) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1966) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1967) Carol Reed
Carol Reed
(1968) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1969) Franklin J. Schaffner
Franklin J. Schaffner
(1970) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1971) Bob Fosse
Bob Fosse
(1972) George Roy Hill (1973) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1974) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1975)

1976–2000

John G. Avildsen
John G. Avildsen
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) Sydney Pollack
Sydney Pollack
(1985) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1987) Barry Levinson
Barry Levinson
(1988) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1989) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1990) Jonathan Demme
Jonathan Demme
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1994) Mel Gibson
Mel Gibson
(1995) Anthony Minghella
Anthony Minghella
(1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Steven Soderbergh
Steven Soderbergh
(2000)

2001–present

Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(2001) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) Tom Hooper
Tom Hooper
(2010) Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
(2011) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 44329706 LCCN: n85151819 ISNI: 0000 0001 1491 0177 GND: 118845691 SUDOC: 029532299 BNF: cb12113908s (data) NLA: 35884322 NKC: xx0078338 BNE: XX1055585 SN