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VICTOR GOLLANCZ LTD (/ˈvɪktər ɡəˈlæns, -ˈlænts/ ) was a major British book publishing house of the twentieth century. It was founded in 1927 by Victor Gollancz and specialised in the publication of high quality literature, nonfiction and popular fiction, including crime, detective, mystery, thriller and science fiction. Upon Gollancz's death in 1967, ownership passed to his daughter, Livia, who sold it to Houghton Mifflin in 1989. Three years later, in October 1992, Houghton Mifflin sold Gollancz to the publishing house Cassell the result was _ The Road to Wigan Pier _. His break with Orwell came when he declined to publish Orwell's account of the Spanish Civil War, _ Homage to Catalonia _, the pair having drifted apart on political grounds. He did publish _The Red Army Moves_ by Geoffrey Cox on the Winter War , which was critical of the Soviet attack on Finland, but also foresaw that the Red Army would defeat the Germans. He also published works by German exiles, such as Hilde Meisel .

Gollancz was the original publisher of a number of authors and their books including:

* George Orwell with _ Down and Out in Paris and London _ in 1933 * Alfred Ayer with _ Language, Truth and Logic _ in 1936 * A. J. Cronin with _The Citadel _ in 1937 * Daphne du Maurier with _Rebecca _ in 1938 * Kingsley Amis with _ Lucky Jim _ in 1953 * Colin Wilson with _The Outsider _ in 1956 * E. P. Thompson with _ The Making of the English Working Class _ in 1963 * Anthony Price with _The Labyrinth Makers _ in 1971.

Many of Gollancz's books were published in one of their familiar house dust jackets, of which the most famous was bright yellow, with the title and author rendered in a vibrant, bold typography.

TRANSITION TO SCIENCE FICTION AND FANTASY GENRES

In 1998 Gollancz was developed into a science fiction and fantasy imprint GOLLANCZ SCIENCE FICTION after it was acquired by Orion Publishing Group . Gollancz then proceeded to manage the SF Masterworks series, previously overseen by Orion sister-imprint Millennium. Gollancz has published award-winning and award-nominated books by, among others:

* Joe Abercrombie * J.G. Ballard (later works) * Stephen Baxter * Greg Bear * Jonathan Carroll * Mark Chadbourn * Arthur C. Clarke * Michael Coney * Robert Cormier * Peter Delacorte * Thomas Disch * Stephen R. Donaldson * Christopher Evans * Jaine Fenn * Maggie Furey * Mary Gentle * William Gibson * Jon Grimwood * Michael Harrison * Joe Hill * Robert Holdstock * Stephen Hunt * Gwyneth Jones * Graham Joyce * Roger Levy * James Lovegrove * Scott Lynch * Paul McAuley * Ian McDonald * George R. R. Martin * Richard Morgan * Terry Pratchett * Christopher Priest * Robert V.S. Redick * Alastair Reynolds * Keith Roberts * Adam Roberts * Patrick Rothfuss * Geoff Ryman * Robert J. Sawyer * Robert Shaw * Dan Simmons * Alison Sinclair * John Sladek * Bruce Sterling * Ian Watson * Gene Wolfe

EXPANSION INTO MANGA

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In 2005 Gollancz set up a manga publishing arm, GOLLANCZ MANGA, which published UK editions of various Viz Media properties. As of 2014, Gollancz no longer publish manga and Viz Media have re-released the publisher's series.

The following titles have been published:

_Case Closed _ volumes 1–15

_ Dragon Ball _ volumes 1–16

_ Dragon Ball Z _ volumes 1–4

_ Fushigi Yūgi _ volumes 1–17

_ Flame of Recca _ volumes 1–10

_ Maison Ikkoku _ volumes 1–15

_ One Piece _ volumes 1–12

_ Rurouni Kenshin _ volumes 1–16

_ Yu-Gi-Oh! _ volumes 1–7

_ Yu-Gi-Oh! Duelist _ volumes 1–15

_SF GATEWAY_ WEBSITE

In 2011, Gollancz launched the _SF Gateway_ website, an online library that features out-of-print science fiction books republished as e-books . Gollancz aims to make 5,000 or more books available by 2014 and the website will be integrated with the online _Encyclopedia of Science Fiction _.

ACCOLADES

In terms of the number of published works that have been nominated for major awards, Gollancz ranks as one of the field's top publishers of science fiction, fantasy and horror fiction.

SEE ALSO

* Left Book Club * Common Sense political series

REFERENCES

* ^ "Worlds Without End Science Fiction and Fantasy publishers". _Worlds Without End_. Retrieved February 23, 2017.

* ^ https://www.hachette.com.au/Information/CompanyHistory.page * ^ Neill, Graeme (20 July 2011). "Gollancz opens sci-fi Gateway to e-books". _ The Bookseller _. Retrieved 6 April 2012. * ^ "Top SF/F/H Publishers". _Worlds Without End_. Retrieved October 2015. Check date values in: access-date= (help )

FURTHER READING

* Edwards, Ruth Dudley. _Victor Gollancz: A Biography_. London: V. Gollancz, 1987. ISBN 0-575-03175-1 . * Hodges, Sheila. _Gollancz: The Story of a Publishing House, 1928–1978_. London: V. Gollancz, 1978. ISBN 0-575-02447-X . * Williams, Richard and Ralph Spurrier. _Gollancz Crime Fiction 1928-1988: A Checklist of the First Editions, with a Guide to their Values_. Scunthorpe: Dragonby Press, 1989. ISBN 187112204X .

EXTERNAL LINKS

* Official

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