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Vice admiral
Vice admiral
is a senior naval flag officer rank, equivalent to lieutenant general and air marshal. A vice admiral is typically senior to a rear admiral and junior to an admiral. In many navies,[1] vice admiral is a three-star rank with a NATO code of OF-8, although in some navies like the French Navy
French Navy
it is an OF-7
OF-7
rank, the OF-8
OF-8
code corresponding to the four-star rank of squadron vice-admiral.

Contents

1 Rank insignia 2 Gallery 3 Australia 4 Canada 5 France 6 Germany 7 India 8 Italy 9 Philippines 10 Poland 11 United Kingdom

11.1 History

12 United States 13 Vietnam 14 Notes 15 See also

Rank insignia[edit] The rank insignia for a vice admiral often involves three stars, but this is not always the case. In the navy of Iraq, vice admiral insignia involves one star.[2] In the navies of Azerbaijan,[3] Bangladesh,[4] China,[5] Cuba,[6] Iran,[7] Mexico,[8] North Korea,[9] and Russia, vice admiral insignia involves two stars, and in the navy of Turkey, vice admiral insignia involves four stars.[10] Gallery[edit]

Royal Australian Navy
Royal Australian Navy
shoulder board

Bangladesh Navy

Royal Canadian Navy
Royal Canadian Navy
shoulder board

Croatian Navy

Egyptian shoulder board

Pennant of a French vice-amiral.

French shoulder insignia

Indian Navy

Indonesian Navy
Indonesian Navy
shoulder board (command)

Imperial Iranian Navy

Islamic Republic of Iran Navy

Irish Naval Service

Kaishō (Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force)

Polish Navy
Polish Navy
wiceadmirał shoulder insignia

Romanian tunic shoulder board of a viceamiral

Russian Navy
Russian Navy
(and formerly Soviet Navy)

Vicealmirante of the Spanish Navy

Swedish Navy sleeve insignia

Royal Thai Navy

Sleeve insignia: UK Royal Navy, Royal Canadian Navy, Royal Australian Navy, Royal New Zealand Navy
Royal New Zealand Navy
and Royal Norwegian Navy

UK Royal Navy
Royal Navy
shoulder board[1]

U.S. Navy

U.S. Coast Guard

Ukrainian Navy

Vietnam
Vietnam
People's Navy

Australia[edit] Main article: Vice admiral
Vice admiral
(Australia) In the Royal Australian Navy, the rank of vice admiral is held by the Chief of Navy and, when the positions are held by navy officers, by the Vice Chief of the Defence Force, the Chief of Joint Operations, and/or the Chief of Capability Development Group. Vice admiral
Vice admiral
is the equivalent of air marshal in the Royal Australian Air Force and lieutenant general in the Australian Army. Canada[edit] In the Royal Canadian Navy, the rank of vice-admiral (VAdm) (vice-amiral or Vam in French) is equivalent to lieutenant-general of the Canadian Army
Canadian Army
and Royal Canadian Air Force. A vice-admiral is a flag officer, the naval equivalent of a general officer. A vice-admiral is senior to a rear-admiral and major general, and junior to an admiral and general. The rank insignia of a Canadian vice-admiral is as follows:

On the navy blue mess dress jacket and the navy blue service dress tunic: the cuff insignia is one wide gold braid below two standard size gold braids, the superior one includes the executive curl. On tropical white mess dress and tropical white service dress tunic: three silver maple leaves, beneath silver crossed sword and baton, all surmounted by a St. Edward's Crown located on gold shoulder boards.

Two rows of gold oak leaves are located on the black visor of the white service cap. From 1968 to June 2010, the navy blue service dress tunic featured only a wide gold braid around the cuff with three gold maple leaves, beneath crossed sword and baton, all surmounted by a St. Edward's Crown located on cloth shoulder straps. Vice-admirals are addressed by rank and name; thereafter by subordinates as "Sir" or "Ma'am". Vice-admirals are normally entitled to a staff car; the car will normally bear a flag, dark blue with three gold maple leaves arranged one over two. A vice-admiral generally holds only the most senior command or administrative appointments, barring only Chief of Defence Staff, which is held by a full admiral or general. Appointments held by vice-admirals may include:

Vice-Chief of Defence Staff (VCDS); Deputy Chief of Defence Staff (DCDS); Commander
Commander
of an operational command (such as Canadian Joint Operations Command); Commander
Commander
of the Royal Canadian Navy; Assistant Deputy Minister (ADM) of Defence in various capacities; Commander
Commander
of, or representative to, a multinational force, alliance, or treaty organization.

Charles, Prince of Wales
Charles, Prince of Wales
holds the honorary rank of vice admiral in the Royal Canadian Navy.[11] See also: Canadian Forces ranks and insignia

v t e

Commissioned officer ranks of the Canadian Armed Forces

NATO rank code Student Officer OF-1 OF-2 OF-3 OF-4 OF-5 OF-6 * OF-7 ** OF-8 *** OF-9 **** OF-10 *****

Royal Canadian Navy NCdt A/SLt SLt Lt(N) LCdr Cdr Capt(N) Cmdre RAdm VAdm Adm Not used

Canadian Army OCdt 2Lt Lt Capt Maj LCol Col BGen MGen LGen Gen Not used

Royal Canadian Air Force OCdt 2Lt Lt Capt Maj LCol Col BGen MGen LGen Gen Not used

France[edit] In France, vice-amiral is the most senior of the ranks in the French Navy; higher ranks, vice-amiral d'escadre and amiral, are permanent functions, style and position (in French rang et appellation) given to a vice-amiral-ranking officer. The vice-amiral rank used to be an OF-8 rank in NATO charts, but nowadays, it is more an OF-7
OF-7
rank. The rank of vice-amiral d'escadre (literally, "squadron vice-admiral", with more precision, "fleet vice-admiral") equals a NATO OF-8
OF-8
rank. In the ancien régime Navy, between 1669 and 1791. The office of "Vice- Admiral
Admiral
of France" (Vice-amiral de France) was the highest rank, the supreme office of " Admiral
Admiral
of France" being purely ceremonial. Distinct offices were :

1669-1791 Vice-admiral of the West (Atlantic Ocean). 1669-1791 Vice-admiral of the East (Mediterranean Sea). 1778-1791 Vice-admiral of the Asian and American Seas (American shores). 1784-1788 Vice-admiral of the Indian Seas (Indian Ocean).

Germany[edit] Main article: Vizeadmiral

Pennant of a German Vizeadmiral

Vizeadmiral
Vizeadmiral
is an OF-8
OF-8
three-star rank equivalent to the German Heer and Luftwaffe
Luftwaffe
rank of Generalleutnant. India[edit] In India, vice admiral is a three star admiral. Italy[edit] In Italy, the equivalent to vice admiral is the ammiraglio di squadra or squadron admiral.   Philippines[edit] In the Philippines, the rank vice admiral is the highest-ranking official of the Philippine Navy. He is recognized as the flag officer in-charge of the Navy. The rank vice-admiral in the Philippines, has the same ranking in the U.S Navy. Poland[edit] Before World War II, the Vice Admiral
Admiral
was the highest rank in the Polish Navy. Jozef Unrug
Jozef Unrug
was one of the only two officers to achieve the rank. The other was Jerzy Świrski. Poland had only one sovereign sea port, Port of Gdynia, and was slowly building a small modern navy that was to be ready by 1950. The navy was not a priority for obvious reasons. At present, it is a "two--star" rank. The stars are not used; however, the stars were used in between 1952 and 1956 and are still used in the Vice Admiral's pennant. United Kingdom[edit] Main article: Vice admiral
Vice admiral
(Royal Navy) In the Royal Navy
Royal Navy
the rank of vice-admiral should be distinguished from the office of "Vice- Admiral
Admiral
of the United Kingdom", which is an Admiralty
Admiralty
position usually held by a retired "full" admiral, and that of "Vice- Admiral
Admiral
of the Coast", a now obsolete office dealing with naval administration in each of the maritime counties. History[edit] Main article: Admiral
Admiral
(United Kingdom) United States[edit] Main article: Vice admiral
Vice admiral
(United States) Vietnam[edit] In Vietnam, the equivalent to vice admiral is the phó đô đốc. Notes[edit]

^ a b Vice admiral
Vice admiral
is a three-star rank in the navies of NATO and Commonwealth countries, including (since 2001) the Royal Navy. (Refer UK DCI (Joint Service) 125/2001) ^ "Navy of Iraq - Vice Admiral".  ^ "Navy of Azerbaijan - Vice Admiral".  ^ "Navy of Bangladesh - Vice Admiral".  ^ "Navy of China - Vice Admiral".  ^ "Navy of Cuba - Vice Admiral".  ^ "Navy of Iran - Vice Admiral".  ^ "Navy of Mexico - Vice Admiral".  ^ "Navy of North Korea - Vice Admiral".  ^ "Navy of Turkey - Vice Admiral".  ^ Deachman, Bruce; McCulloch, Sandra (9 November 2009), "Royals arrive in Ottawa in final leg of cross-Canada tour", Ottawa Citizen, retrieved 10 November 2009 

See also[edit]

Comparative Military Ranks

v t e

Military ranks and insignia by country

List of comparative military ranks

Africa

Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros DR Congo Republic of the Congo Djibouti Egypt

Army Navy Air Force

Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Ivory Coast Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Rwanda São Tomé and Príncipe Senegal Seychelles Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa South Sudan Sudan Swaziland Tanzania Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe

Former

Biafra Bophuthatswana Ciskei Kingdom of Egypt Ethiopian Empire Rhodesia South West Africa Transkei Venda Zaire

Comparative

Army

Officers Enlisted

Air force

Officers Enlisted

Navy

Officers Enlisted

Apartheid States in Southern Africa

Americas

Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Bahamas Barbados Belize Bolivia Brazil Canada Chile

Army Air Force Navy

Colombia Cuba Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Jamaica Mexico

Army Navy

Nicaragua Paraguay Peru Saint Kitts and Nevis Suriname Trinidad and Tobago United States

Officers:

Army Navy Air Force Coast Guard

Enlisted:

Army Navy Air Force Coast Guard

Other:

Marine Corps Warrant officer

Uruguay Venezuela

Former

United States Army enlisted

World War I World War II

Comparative

Army

Officers Enlisted

Air force

Officers Enlisted

Navy

Officers Enlisted

Asia

Afghanistan Armenia Azerbaijan Bahrain Bangladesh

Army Navy Air Force

Bhutan Brunei Cambodia PR of China

Army Navy Air Force

Republic of China(Taiwan)

Army Navy Air Force

East Timor India

Army Air Force Navy

Indonesia Iran Iraq Israel Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Korea(North & South) Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Lebanon Malaysia Maldives Mongolia Myanmar

Army Navy Air Force

Nepal Oman Pakistan

Army Air Force Navy

Philippines Qatar Saudi Arabia Singapore Sri Lanka

Army Navy Air Force

Syria Tajikistan Thailand Turkmenistan United Arab Emirates Uzbekistan Vietnam Yemen

Former

Democratic Kampuchea Imperial Iran Imperial Japan

Army Navy

Mengjiang Manchukuo South Vietnam

Comparative

Army

Officers Enlisted

Air force

Officers Enlisted

Navy

Officers Enlisted

Europe

Albania Austria Belarus Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark

Army Navy Air Force

Estonia Finland France

Army Navy Gendarmerie Air Force Foresters

Germany

Rank information Rank insignia

Georgia Greece Hungary Iceland

Land Forces Coast Guard

Ireland Italy

Army Navy Air Force Carabinieri Finance Guard

Kosovo Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Malta Moldova Monaco Montenegro Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russia

Army Navy Air Force Between 1994 and 2010

San Marino Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Ukraine United Kingdom

Army officers Army other ranks Navy officers Navy ratings Air Force officers Air Force other ranks

Vatican

Former

Austria–Hungary

Army Navy

Independent State of Croatia Czechoslovakia German Empire Nazi Germany

Army Navy Air Force People's Militia SA SS Nazi Party

East Germany Kingdom of Greece

Army Navy Air Force

Kingdom of Hungary Hungarian People's Republic Kingdom of Italy

Blackshirts

Ottoman Empire Russian Empire Soviet Union

1918–35 1935–40 1940–43 1943–55 1955–91

Kingdom of Yugoslavia SFR Yugoslavia FR Yugoslavia

Comparative

Army

Officers Enlisted

Air force

Officers Enlisted

Navy

Officers Enlisted

Oceania

Australia Fiji New Zealand Papua New Guinea Tonga Vanuatu

Comparative

Army

Officers Enlisted

Air force

Officers Enlisted

Navy

Officers Enlisted

Post-Soviet states

Army

Officers Enlisted

Air force

Officers Enlisted

Navy

Officers Enlisted

Commonwealth of Nations

Army

Officers Enlisted

Air force

Officers Enlisted

Navy

Officers Enlisted

NATO

Army

Officers Enlisted

Air Force

Officers Enlisted

Navy

Officers Enlisted

Comparative officer ranks of

World War I World War II

v t e

Star officer grades

General
General
officer Flag officer Air officer

By star ranks

Six-star rank
Six-star rank
(proposed) Five-star rank Four-star rank Three-star rank Two-star rank One-star rank

By titles

Generalissimo Generalissimus of the Soviet Union Supreme Allied Commander Admiral
Admiral
of the Navy General
General
of the Armies Generalfeldmarschall Field marshal Mareşal Marshal of the air force Marshal of the Russian Federation Marshal of the Soviet Union Mushir Caudillo Magister militum Spahbed Ispahsalar Beylerbey Constable of France Grand Domestic Dux bellorum Grand marshal Hetman Jenderal besar Reichsmarschall Sardar Serasker Strategos autokrator First marshal of the empire Dai-gensui Taewonsu Voivoda Wonsu Yuan Shuai Da yuan shuai Marshal of Yugoslavia

v t e

Highest military ranks

General
General
officer Flag officer Air officer

Imperator Marshal of Italy Generalissimo Generalissimus of the Soviet Union Supreme Allied Commander Admiral
Admiral
of the Navy General
General
of the Armies General
General
of the Air Force Generalfeldmarschall Mareşal Marshal of the air force Marshal of the Soviet Union Marshal of the Russian Federation Mushir Magister militum Spahbed Ispahsalar Beylerbey Bojni Vojvoda Chom Thap Thai Constable of France Domestic of the Schools Grand Domestic Shōgun Dux bellorum Grand marshal Hetman Jenderal besar Polemarch Reichsmarschall Federal General
General
of Switzerland Sardar Serasker Autokrator First marshal of the empire Da yuan shuai Dai-gensui Taewonsu Yuan shuai Wonsu Mar

.