The Vice President of Brazil (Portuguese: Vice-presidente do Brasil), officially the Vice President of the Federative Republic of Brazil (Vice Presidente da República Federativa do Brasil), or simply the Vice President of the Republic (Vice Presidente da República) is the second-highest ranking government official in the executive branch of the Government of Brazil, preceded only by the president. The Vice President's primary role is to replace the president on the event of his or her death, resignation, or impeachment, and to temporarily take over the presidential powers and duties while the President is abroad, or otherwise temporarily unable to carry out his or her duties. The Vice President is elected jointly with the president as his or her running mate.
The office has existed since the Proclamation of the Republic in 1889, although it was only officially instated as of the 1891 Constitution. It has been in place throughout all of Brazil's republican history, save for the fifteen years of the Vargas Era, when it was abolished.
The requirements to run for the office of Vice President are exactly those of the Presidency itself. In addition to the ordinary requirements to run for political office in Brazil, under the terms of article 14 of the Constitution, a candidate for the Vice Presidency must be a natural born citizen of Brazil (which under certain circumstances may include the offspring of one or two Brazilian parents living abroad) and be at least 35 years of age.
The President and Vice President are elected on a single ticket for a four-year term and are inaugurated on 1 January of the year following that of the election. Both may be re-elected for a subsequent term.
If the Vice President succeeds a sitting President, he or she may be reelected for an additional term. However, he or she is not eligible to run for a second full term, as under Brazilian law any partial term counts toward the limit of two consecutive terms. This limit applies whenever the Vice President serves as Acting President when the President is either abroad or suspended from office as a result of impeachment.
Since the Proclamation of the Republic in 1889, eight Vice Presidents have been called upon to replace former Presidents: four due to death of the incumbent (Nilo Peçanha, Delfim Moreira, Café Filho, and José Sarney), two due to resignation (Floriano Peixoto and João Goulart), and two due to impeachment conviction (Itamar Franco and Michel Temer).
|#||Name||Home state||Start of term||End of term||Party||President(s) served|
|1||Marshal Floriano Peixoto||Alagoas||February 26, 1891||November 23, 1891||Deodoro da Fonseca|
|Vacant||November 23, 1891||November 15, 1894||Vacant||Floriano Peixoto|
|2||Manuel Vitorino||Bahia||November 15, 1894||November 15, 1898||Prudente de Morais|
|3||Francisco de Assis Rosa e Silva||Pernambuco||November 15, 1898||November 15, 1902||Campos Sales|
|▬||Francisco Silviano de Almeida Brandão||Minas Gerais||PRM||Rodrigues Alves|
|4||Afonso Pena||Minas Gerais||June 17, 1903||November 15, 1906||PRM||Rodrigues Alves|
|5||Nilo Peçanha||Rio de Janeiro||November 15, 1906||June 14, 1909||Afonso Pena|
|Vacant||June 14, 1909||November 15, 1910||Vacant||Nilo Peçanha|
|6||Venceslau Brás||Minas Gerais||November 15, 1910||November 15, 1914||PRM||Hermes da Fonseca|
|7||Urbano Santos da Costa Araújo||Maranhão||November 15, 1914||November 15, 1918||Venceslau Brás|
|8||Delfim Moreira||Minas Gerais||November 15, 1918||January 16, 1919||PRM||Rodrigues Alves|
|Vacant||November 15, 1918||July 28, 1919||Vacant||Delfim Moreira|
|8||Delfim Moreira||Minas Gerais||July 28, 1919||July 1, 1920||PRM||Epitácio Pessoa|
|9||Francisco Álvaro Bueno de Paiva||Minas Gerais||November 10, 1920||November 15, 1922||PRM||Epitacio Pessoa|
|10||Estácio Coimbra||Pernambuco||November 15, 1922||November 15, 1926||Artur Bernardes|
|11||Fernando de Melo Viana||Minas Gerais||November 15, 1926||October 24, 1930||PRM||Washington Luís|
|▬||Vital Soares||Bahia||Julio Prestes|
|The post of Vice President was abolished in the 1934 Constitution and restored in the 1946 Constitution|
|12||Nereu Ramos||Santa Catarina||September 19, 1946||January 31, 1951||PSD||Gaspar Dutra|
|13||Café Filho||Rio Grande do Norte||January 31, 1951||August 24, 1954||PSP||Getúlio Vargas|
|Vacant||August 24, 1954||January 31, 1956||Vacant||Café Filho/Carlos Luz/Nereu Ramos|
|14||João Goulart||Rio Grande do Sul||January 31, 1956||September 7, 1961||PTB||Juscelino Kubitschek/Jânio Quadros|
|Vacant||September 7, 1961||April 1, 1964||Vacant||João Belchior Marques Goulart|
|15||José Maria Alkmin||Minas Gerais||April 15, 1964||March 15, 1967||PSD||Castelo Branco|
|16||Pedro Aleixo||Minas Gerais||March 15, 1967||October 6, 1969||ARENA||Costa e Silva|
|Vacant||August 31, 1969||October 30, 1969||Vacant||Brazilian Military Junta of 1969|
|17||Admiral Augusto Hamann Rademaker Grünewald||Guanabara||October 30, 1969||March 15, 1974||ARENA||Garrastazú Medici|
|18||General Adalberto Pereira dos Santos||Rio Grande do Sul||March 15, 1974||March 15, 1979||ARENA||Ernesto Geisel|
|19||Antonio Aureliano Chaves de Mendonça||Minas Gerais||March 15, 1979||March 15, 1985||ARENA||João Figueiredo|
|20||José Sarney||Maranhão||March 15, 1985||April 21, 1985||PMDB||Tancredo Neves|
|Vacant||April 21, 1985||March 14, 1990||Vacant||José Sarney|
|21||Itamar Franco||born at sea between Bahia and Rio de Janeiro||March 15, 1990||December 29, 1992||PMDB||Fernando Collor de Mello|
|Vacant||December 29, 1992||January 1, 1995||Vacant||Itamar Franco|
|22||Marco Maciel||Pernambuco||January 1, 1995||January 1, 2003||PFL||Fernando H. Cardoso|
|23||José Alencar||Minas Gerais||January 1, 2003||January 1, 2011||PL, PRB||Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva|
|24||Michel Temer||São Paulo||January 1, 2011||August 31, 2016||PMDB||Dilma Rousseff|
|Vacant||August 31, 2016||Vacant||Michel Temer|