Vibrator (sex toy)
   HOME

TheInfoList




A vibrator, sometimes described as a massager, is a
sex toy A sex toy is an object or device that is primarily used to facilitate Human sexual activity, human sexual pleasure, such as a dildo or Vibrator (sex toy), vibrator. Many popular sex toys are designed to resemble human genitals, and may be vib ...
that is used on the body to produce pleasurable
sexual stimulation Sexual stimulation is any stimulus A stimulus is something that causes a physiological response. It may refer to: *Stimulation Stimulation is the encouragement of development or the cause of activity generally. For example, "The press provide ...
. There are many different shapes and models of vibrators. Most 2010-era vibrators contain an electric-powered device which pulsates or throbs. Vibrators can be used for both solo play and partnered play by one or more people. Devices exist to be used by couples to stimulate the
genitals A sex organ (or reproductive organ) is any part of an animal or plant that is involved in sexual reproduction Sexual reproduction is a type of reproduction Reproduction (or procreation or breeding) is the biological process Biological ...

genitals
of both partners. They can be applied to
erogenous zone #REDIRECT Erogenous zone#REDIRECT Erogenous zone An erogenous zone (from Greek , ''érōs'' "love"; and English ''-genous'' "producing", from Greek , ''-genḗs'' "born") is an area of the human body The human body is the structure of a human ...
s, such as the
clitoris The clitoris ( or ) is a female sex organ present in mammals, ostriches and a limited number of #Other animals, other animals. In humans, the visible portion – the glans – is at the front junction of the labia minora (inner lips), ...

clitoris
, the
vulva The vulva (plural: vulvas or vulvae; derived from Latin for wrapper or covering) consists of the external female sex organs. The vulva includes the mons pubis In human anatomy The human body is the structure of a human being. It is com ...

vulva
or
vagina In mammal Mammals (from Latin language, Latin , 'breast') are a group of vertebrate animals constituting the class (biology), class Mammalia (), and characterized by the presence of mammary glands which in Female#Mammalian female, femal ...

vagina
,
penis A penis (plural ''penises'' or ''penes'' () is the primary sexual organ that male animals use to inseminate females (or hermaphrodites) during Copulation (zoology), copulation. Such organs occur in many animals, both #Vertebrates, vertebrate ...

penis
,
scrotum The scrotum or scrotal sac is an Anatomy, anatomical male reproductive structure located at the base of the penis that consists of a suspended dual-chambered sac of skin and smooth muscle. It is present in most terrestrial male mammals. The scr ...

scrotum
or
anus The anus (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language A classical language is a language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from Latin ''communicare'', meaning "to share" or "to be in ...

anus
, for sexual stimulation, for the release of
sexual frustration Sexual frustration is a sense of dissatisfaction stemming from a discrepancy between a person's desired and achieved sexual activity Human sexual activity, human sexual practice or human sexual behaviour is the manner in which humans exper ...
and to achieve
orgasm Orgasm (from Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its population is approxim ...

orgasm
. Vibrators may be recommended by sex therapists for women who have difficulty reaching
orgasm Orgasm (from Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its population is approxim ...

orgasm
through
masturbation Masturbation ( ) is the sexual stimulation Sexual stimulation is any stimulus (including bodily contact) that leads to, enhances and maintains sexual arousal, and may lead to orgasm Orgasm (from Ancient Greek, Greek ὀργασμός ' ...

masturbation
or intercourse.


Types

Vibrators very often generate their vibrations using eccentric weights driven by a conventional
electric motor
electric motor
, but some use electromagnet coils. Some vibrators are marketed as "body massagers"—although they still may be used, like the ones sold as adult sex toys, for
autoeroticism Autoeroticism is a practice of sexually stimulating Sexual stimulation is any stimulus (including bodily contact) that leads to, enhances and maintains sexual arousal, and may lead to orgasm Orgasm (from Ancient Greek, Greek ὀργασ ...
. Some vibrators run on batteries while others have a power cord that plugs into a wall socket. There is also a vibrator that uses the flow of air from a vacuum cleaner to stimulate the clitoris. Modern versions of old musical vibrators synchronize the vibrations to music from a music player or a
cell phone A mobile phone, cellular phone, cell phone, cellphone, handphone, or hand phone, sometimes shortened to simply mobile, cell or just phone, is a portable telephone A telephone is a telecommunication Telecommunication is the tra ...

cell phone
. Some luxury brand vibrators are also completely covered in medical grade silicone with no exposed control panels or seams. Although proper cleaning is required for any sex toy, having fewer places for bacteria to grow reduces the chance of infection. While some companies sell significantly larger dildos and vibrators, most that are marketed for vaginal or anal insertion are sized around the average penis size. There is a wide range of vibrators but most of them fall into several broad categories: *
Clitoral The clitoris ( or ) is a female sex organ present in mammals, ostriches and a limited number of #Other animals, other animals. In humans, the visible portion – the glans – is at the front junction of the labia minora (inner lips), ...
: Powerful
wand vibrator A wand vibrator is a massaging device which is often also used as a vibrator and a sex toy A sex toy is an object or device that is primarily used to facilitate Human sexual activity, human sexual pleasure, such as a dildo or Vibrator (sex ...
s externally stimulate the clitoris. A dual type of vibrator provides stimulation to both clitoris and
G-spot The G-spot, also called the Gräfenberg spot (for German gynecologist Ernst Gräfenberg), is characterized as an Erogenous zone, erogenous area of the vagina that, when stimulated, may lead to strong sexual arousal, powerful orgasms and potenti ...
. They are normally driven by batteries and some of them can be used underwater. The most common type of clitoral vibrator is small, egg-shaped and attached to a multi-speed battery pack by a long cord. Variations include vibrators shaped like narrow bullets, animals, ergonomic forms, miniature rockets and large human tongues. Regardless of the design, the main function of the clitoral vibrator is to vibrate at varying speeds and intensities. Some clitoral vibrators may be inserted into the vagina. These typically have a small arm near the base of the vibrator, providing simultaneous clitoral and vaginal stimulation. *
Dildo A dildo is a sex toy A sex toy is an object or device that is primarily used to facilitate Human sexual activity, human sexual pleasure, such as a dildo or Vibrator (sex toy), vibrator. Many popular sex toys are designed to resemble hum ...

Dildo
-shaped: These approximate a penis shape and size, and can be made of plastic, silicone, rubber, vinyl, or latex. Vibrating dildos can be for personal use or by a partner. They may be used for vaginal and
anal penetration Anal sex or anal intercourse is generally the insertion and pelvic thrusting, thrusting of the Erection, erect human penis, penis into a person's Human anus, anus, or anus and rectum, for sexual pleasure.Sepages 270–271for anal sex information, ...

anal penetration
, as well as for oral penetration. They come in different sizes, colors and textures, and they may be double-ended, so that both anal and vaginal stimulation can be performed at the same time. *
Love egg Image:Vb2.jpg, An egg vibrator A love egg is a type of sensual Vibrator (sensual), vibrator that is egg or bullet shaped that is used for stimulation. They can also be referred to as egg vibrators or bullet vibrators, depending on their shape. Egg ...
: An egg- or bullet-shaped vibrator for clitoral or penile stimulation and vaginal or anal insertion. Wired and wireless variants are both common. * Waterproof: These can be used wet, such as in the shower. Although marketed as waterproof, most should not be submerged. The ones designed for underwater use may be used in the swimming pool, bath or shower, or any other wet place. These vibrators may be recommended to be used with a water compatible
lubricant A lubricant is a substance that helps to reduce friction Friction is the force In physics Physics is the natural science that studies matter, its Elementary particle, fundamental constituents, its Motion (physics), motion and b ...
, such as silicone-based lubricant. This is not the case for all waterproof vibrators, as silicone-based lubricants can degrade silicone vibrators. *
Rabbit Rabbits, also known as bunnies or bunny rabbits, are small mammal Mammals (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language A classical language is a language A language is a structured system of communication ...
: Two-pronged for stimulation of both the
vagina In mammal Mammals (from Latin language, Latin , 'breast') are a group of vertebrate animals constituting the class (biology), class Mammalia (), and characterized by the presence of mammary glands which in Female#Mammalian female, femal ...

vagina
and the
clitoris The clitoris ( or ) is a female sex organ present in mammals, ostriches and a limited number of #Other animals, other animals. In humans, the visible portion – the glans – is at the front junction of the labia minora (inner lips), ...

clitoris
simultaneously. It was featured on ''
Sex and the City ''Sex and the City'' is an American romantic Romantic may refer to: Genres and eras * The Romantic era, an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement of the 18th and 19th centuries ** Romantic music, of that era ** Romantic poetry, ...
'' in the late 90s. The rabbit vibrator actually consists of two vibrators of different sizes. A phallus-like shaped vibrator is intended to be inserted into the vagina to stimulate the vagina, while a smaller clitoral stimulator is placed facing forward onto the main vibrator. The rabbit vibrator was named after the shape of the clitoral stimulator, which resembles a pair of rabbit ears. They are normally made of
rubber Rubber, also called India rubber, latex, Amazonian rubber, ''caucho'', or ''caoutchouc'', as initially produced, consists of polymer A polymer (; Greek ''poly- Poly, from the Greek :wikt:πολύς, πολύς meaning "many" or "much" ...

rubber
, plastic,
silicone A silicone or polysiloxane is a polymer A polymer (; Greek ''poly- Poly, from the Greek :wikt:πολύς, πολύς meaning "many" or "much", may refer to: Businesses * China Poly Group Corporation, a Chinese business group, and its sub ...

silicone
, or latex, and they come in a wide variety of colors, sizes and designs. *
G-spot The G-spot, also called the Gräfenberg spot (for German gynecologist Ernst Gräfenberg), is characterized as an Erogenous zone, erogenous area of the vagina that, when stimulated, may lead to strong sexual arousal, powerful orgasms and potenti ...
: Similar to the traditional vibrator but with a curve and often a soft jelly-like coating. The curve is designed to stimulate the G-spot. This type of vibrator is made of materials such as silicone or
acrylic Acrylic may refer to: Chemicals and materials * Acrylic acid, the simplest acrylic compound * Acrylate polymer, a group of polymers (plastics) noted for transparency and elasticity * Acrylic resin, a group of related thermoplastic or thermosetti ...
. It can be used with or without the vibrations. *
P-spot
P-spot
: Similar to G-spot vibrator with a curve to stimulate prostate. They are recommended to be used with a significant amount of lubricant. * Bendable vibrators: These bend to varying degrees to adapt to the body shape, and are used to find and stimulate hard-to-reach erogenous zones. Can be shaped to act as various types of vibrators like G-spot, anal, penis, dual, etc. * Programmable and remote-control vibrators: These can be worn in or against the genitals that can be pre-programmed or controlled remotely. For example, "Little Rooster" is a timer which is intended to wake the user by vibrating at first gently and then with increasing power. Other vibrators come with a handheld remote, available in both wired and cordless, that can be used to adjust speed and intensity. * Pocket rocket vibrators: Shaped like a cylinder, with one of its ends having some vibrating bulges. It is meant to stimulate the clitoris or nipples, not for vaginal insertion. A pocket rocket is a mini-vibrator that is typically about five inches long and which resembles a small, travel-sized flashlight. These are described as discreet sex toys that may be carried around in one's purse or briefcase, but is not one of the most silent vibrators. Many users claim that it is quite noisy. Due to its small dimension, it is powered by a single battery, and usually has only one speed. * "Undercover" vibrators: Vibrators discreetly shaped as everyday objects, such as lipstick tubes, cell phones, or art pieces. Occasionally some women use actual mobile phones in this function. This type of vibrator is made of a wide range of materials, shapes and colors. The undercover vibrators are usually relatively small enough and most of the time they have only one speed and are powered by a single battery. They tend to copy an exact shape and design of the object they are intended to be mistaken as. *
Anal vibratorfile:Unisex Superslim Buttplug - Flickr - stnu.jpg, Unisex Superslim Buttplug - Flickr - stnu. {{unsourced, date=June 2018 An anal vibrator is a vibrator (sex toy), vibrator designed for sexual stimulation of the anus of both men and women. All anal ...
s: These are designed for anal use and have either a flared base or a long handle to grip, to prevent them from slipping inside and becoming lodged in the rectum. Anal vibrators come in different shapes but they are commonly butt plugs or phallus-like vibrators. They are recommended to be used with a significant amount of lubricant and to be inserted gently and carefully to prevent any potential damage to the rectal lining. * "
Butterfly Butterflies are insect Insects (from Latin ') are pancrustacean Hexapoda, hexapod invertebrates of the class (biology), class Insecta. They are the largest group within the arthropod phylum. Insects have a chitinous exoskeleton, a three ...
": Vibrator strapped around legs and waist for hands-free clitoral stimulation during sexual intercourse. It comes in three variations: traditional,
remote control In electronics, a remote control (also known as a remote or clicker) is an electronic device used to operate another device from a distance, usually wirelessly. In consumer electronics, a remote control can be used to operate devices such as ...

remote control
, and with anal or vaginal stimulators. They are made of silicone, plastic, latex, or jelly. * Vibrating cock ring: Vibrator (usually cordless) inserted in or attached to a
cock ring A cock ring or cockring (also called C rings, erection rings, penis rings, shaft rings, or tension rings) is a ring worn around the human penis, penis, usually at the base. The primary purpose of wearing a cock ring is to restrict the flo ...

cock ring
, usually for stimulation of the clitoris during sexual intercourse. * Dual area vibrators: These vibrators are designed to stimulate two erogenous zones simultaneously or independently. They are usually found in the form of a clitoral stimulator and vaginal stimulator; an example is the
Sybian A Sybian (), or Sybian saddle, is a masturbation Masturbation ( ) is the sexual stimulation Sexual stimulation is any stimulus (including bodily contact) that leads to, enhances and maintains sexual arousal, and may lead to orgasm ...
. For men, there are vibrators which stimulate the prostate and
perineum The perineum in humans is the space between the anus and scrotum in the male, or between the anus and the vulva in the female. The perineum is the region of the body between the pubic symphysis (pubic arch) and the coccyx (tail bone), includin ...
at the same time. * Triple area vibrators: These vibrators are designed to stimulate three erogenous zones simultaneously or independently. These provide stimulation to the vagina, clitoris and anal regions, in women. The designs for men stimulate the anus, perineum and scrotum. * Multispeed vibrators: These allow users to customize how fast the vibrator's pulsing or massaging movements occur. Depending on the specific type of vibrator, the speed change is made by simply pushing a button a certain number of times, allowing users to change speeds several times during use. * Smart vibrators: These connect to mobile applications via Bluetooth LE connections, allowing features like long distance remote control over Internet, vibration in-sync with multimedia content, programmable vibrations, as well as other app-enhanced vibrators that use biofeedback or sensors for learning, improvement, exploration, or other enhanced experiences. *Womanizer: clitoral stimulator using air vibrations and suction.


Vibrators for disabled people

Disabled A disability is any condition that makes it more difficult for a person to do certain activities or effectively interact with the world around them (socially or materially). These conditions, or impairments, may be cognitive Cognition ( ...
people can find that vibrators are an essential part of their sex life for two reasons: First, it might be the only way to get sexual satisfaction due to impaired arm and hand function.Disabled.gr
Second, for some disabled men, the use of a vibrator is their only way to provide a semen sample for
in-vitro fertilization In vitro fertilisation (IVF) is a process of fertilisation Fertilisation or fertilization (see spelling differences), also known as generative fertilisation, syngamy and impregnation, is the fusion of gametes to give rise to a new in ...
.


History


Early development

The electric vibrator was invented in the late 19th century as a medical instrument for pain relief and the treatment of various ailments; one account gives its first use at the Salpêtrière hospital in Paris in 1878, with Romain Vigouroux cited as the inventor. English physician and inventor , who also developed an early model, asserted his own priority in the invention and has been described as the 'father of the modern electromechanical vibrator'. Mortimer Granville's 1883 book ''Nerve-vibration and excitation as agents in the treatment of functional disorder and organic disease'' describes the intended use of his vibrator for purposes including pain relief and the treatment of
neuralgia Neuralgia (Greek ''neuron'', "nerve" + ''algos'', "pain") is pain in the distribution of a nerve or nerves, as in intercostal nerve, intercostal neuralgia, trigeminal neuralgia, and glossopharyngeal nerve, glossopharyngeal neuralgia. Classifica ...
,
neurasthenia Neurasthenia (from the Ancient Greek νεῦρὀν ''neuron'' "nerve" and ὰσθενὴς ''asthenès'' "weak") is a term that was first used at least as early as 1829 for a mechanical weakness of the nerves A nerve is an enclosed, cable-like ...
, morbid irritability, indigestion and constipation. These early vibrators became popular among the medical profession and were used for treating a wide variety of ailments in women and men including
hysteria Hysteria is a pejorative term used colloquially to mean ungovernable emotional Emotions are psychological state A mental state is a state of mind that an agent is in. Most simplistically, a mental state is a mental condition. It is a rela ...

hysteria
,
arthritis Arthritis is a term often used to mean any disorder that affects joints A joint or articulation (or articular surface) is the connection made between bone A bone is a Stiffness, rigid tissue (anatomy), tissue that constitutes part of th ...
,
constipation Constipation refers to bowel movements that are infrequent or hard to pass. The stool is often hard and dry. Other symptoms may include abdominal pain, bloating, and feeling as if one has not completely passed the bowel movement. Complications ...
, amenorrhea, inflammations, and
tumor A neoplasm () is a type of abnormal and excessive growth of tissue Tissue may refer to: Biology * Tissue (biology), an ensemble of similar cells that together carry out a specific function * ''Triphosa haesitata'', a species of geometer moth ...

tumor
s; some wounded World War I soldiers received vibrotherapy as treatment at English and French hospitals in Serbia. Vibrators began to be marketed for home use in magazines from around 1900 together with other electrical household goods, for their supposed health and beauty benefits. An early example was the 'Vibratile,' an advert which appeared in ''
McClure's ''McClure's'' or ''McClure's Magazine'' (1893–1929) was an American illustrated monthly periodical popular at the turn of the 20th century. The magazine is credited with having started the tradition of muckraking The muckrakers were reform- ...
'' magazine in March 1899, offered as a cure for 'Neuralgia, Headache, Wrinkles'. These advertisements disappeared in the 1920s, possibly because of their appearance in
pornography Pornography (often shortened to porn) is the portrayal of Human sexual activity, sexual subject matter for the exclusive purpose of sexual arousal.
, and because growing understanding of female sexual function made it no longer tenable for mainstream society to avoid the sexual connotations of the devices.


Conjectured early use for female sexual stimulation

Historian of technology Rachel Maines, in her book ''The Technology of Orgasm'', has argued that the development of the vibrator in the late 19th century was in large part due to the requirements of doctors for an easier way to perform genital massage on women, often to 'hysterical paroxysm' (
orgasm Orgasm (from Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its population is approxim ...

orgasm
), which was historically a treatment for the once common medical diagnosis of
female hysteria Female hysteria was once a common medical diagnosis Medical diagnosis (abbreviated Dx, Dx, or Ds) is the process of determining which disease or condition explains a person's symptoms and medical sign, signs. It is most often referred to as dia ...
. Maines writes that this treatment had been recommended since classical antiquity in Europe, including in the
Hippocratic corpus The Hippocratic Corpus (Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the power of th ...
and by
Galen Aelius Galenus or Claudius Galenus ( el, Κλαύδιος Γαληνός; September 129 – c. AD 216), often Anglicized Linguistic anglicisation (or anglicization, occasionally anglification, anglifying, or Englishing) is the practice of modi ...
, and continued to be used into the medieval and modern periods, but was not seen as sexual by physicians due to the absence of penetration, and was viewed by them as a difficult and tedious task. Maines writes that the first use of the vibrator at the Salpêtrière was on hysterical women, but notes that Joseph Mortimer Granville denied that he had, or ever would have, used his invention for this purpose; additionally, Maines states that the true use of these medical vibrators, and the vibrators marketed for home use in the early 20th century, was not openly stated, but proceeded under 'social camouflage'. One example of suggestive advertising given is a 1908 advert in ''National Home Journal'' for the Bebout hand-powered mechanical vibrator, containing the text "Gentle, soothing, invigorating and refreshing. Invented by a woman who knows a woman's needs." Other historians disagree with Maines about the historical prevalence of genital massage as a treatment for female hysteria, and over the extent to which early vibrating massagers were used for this purpose. The idea that stimulation to orgasm was a standard treatment for female hysteria in ancient and medieval Europe has been disputed on the grounds of being a distortion of the sources, and cases of this treatment in the 19th and early 20th centuries, and of the use of early vibrators to perform it, have been described as a practice that, if it occurred at all, would have been confined to an extremely limited group. Maines has said her widely reported theory should be treated as a hypothesis rather than a fact. In 2018, Hallie Lieberman and Eric Schatzberg published a peer-reviewed article that found "no evidence" to support Maines's claims in the book's citations. They called the wide acceptance of Maines's work "a fundamental failure of academic quality control". In 2020, Lieberman continued to press her case in the ''New York Times''.


1960s onwards

The vibrator re-emerged during the
sexual revolution The sexual revolution, also known as a time of sexual liberation, was a social movement A social movement is a loosely organized effort by a large group of people to achieve a particular goal, typically a social Social organisms, including ...
of the 1960s. On June 30, 1966, Jon H. Tavel applied for a patent for the "Cordless Electric Vibrator for Use on the Human Body". The cordless vibrator was patented on March 28, 1968, and was soon followed by such improvements as multi-speed and one-piece construction, which made it cheaper to manufacture and easier to clean. As of 2013,
rechargeable A rechargeable battery, storage battery, or secondary cell, (or archaically accumulator) is a type of electrical battery which can be charged, discharged into a load, and recharged many times, as opposed to a disposable or primary battery, wh ...
vibrators were beginning to be manufactured to reduce the environmental impact of battery-operated vibrators. In 2017 Lynn Comella, associate professor of Gender and Sexuality Studies, noted that "sex toy packaging... has been replaced by softer and more sanitised imagery... it’s now possible to buy a vibrator at many neighbourhood Walgreens".Lynn Comella, Sex Toys and Social Entrepreneurship: the future is feminist
/ref> The UK pharmacy Boots (company), Boots followed the US pharmacy’s lead and since 2019 have been selling sex toys both online and in some stores.


Adoption

Research published in a 2009 issue of ''The Journal of Sexual Medicine'' demonstrates that about 53% of women in the United States ages 18 to 60 have used a vibrator. A 2010 study in the Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy found that 43.8% of heterosexual males in the United States had used vibrators. 94% of these men had done so as part of foreplay with their partner, and 82% had done so as part of sexual intercourse. Among non-heterosexual men, 49.8% have used vibrators.


Legal and ethical issues

The possession and sale of vibrators is illegal in some jurisdictions, including India, although they are sold online. Until recently, many American U.S. Southern states, Southern and some Great Plains, Great Plains states banned the sale of vibrators completely, either directly or through laws regulating "obscene devices". In 2007, a federal appeals court upheld Alabama's law prohibiting the sale of sex toys. The law, the Anti-Obscenity Enforcement Act of 1998, was also upheld by the Alabama Supreme Court on September 11, 2009.Appel, Jaco
Alabama's Bad Vibrations
Sept 25, 2009
In February 2008, a US federal appeals court overturned a Texas statute banning the sales of vibrators and other sexual toys, deeming such a statute as violating the right to privacy guaranteed by the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. The appeals court cited ''Lawrence v. Texas'', where the U.S. Supreme Court in 2003 struck down bans on consensual sex between gay couples, as unconstitutionally aiming at "enforcing a public moral code by restricting private intimate conduct". Similar statutes have been struck down in Colorado and Kansas. As of 2009, Alabama is the only state where a law prohibiting the sale of sex toys remains on the books, though Alabama residents are permitted to buy sex toys with a doctor's note. An American bioethicist and medical historian, Jacob M. Appel has argued that sex toys are a "social good" and that the devices, which he refers to as "marital substitutes", play "an important role in the emotional lives of millions of Americans". Appel has written:


In popular culture

The historical fiction film ''Hysteria (2011 film), Hysteria'' features a reworked history of the vibrator focusing on Joseph Mortimer Granville's invention, and the treatment of female hysteria through the medical administration of orgasm. Its historical accuracy has been criticised on the grounds that Granville's vibrator was for male pain relief. ''In the Next Room (or The Vibrator Play)'' is a play by Sarah Ruhl. It concerns the #History, early history of the vibrator, when doctors used it as a clinical device to bring women to orgasm as treatment for "Female hysteria, hysteria". In the 1980s and 1990s vibrators became increasingly visible in mainstream public culture, especially after a landmark August 1998 episode of the HBO show ''
Sex and the City ''Sex and the City'' is an American romantic Romantic may refer to: Genres and eras * The Romantic era, an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement of the 18th and 19th centuries ** Romantic music, of that era ** Romantic poetry, ...
'', in which the character Charlotte becomes addicted to a rabbit vibrator. Appearing in a regular segment on the popular US television series ''The Oprah Winfrey Show'' in March 2009, Laura Berman, Dr. Laura Berman recommended that mothers teach their 15- or 16-year-old daughters the concept of pleasure by getting them a clitoral vibrator. Today, CVS, Walgreens, Kroger, Safeway, Target and Walmart are among major national US chain retailers that include vibrators on store shelves. In ''Grace and Frankie'', which premiered in 2015, the two title characters form a business designing and selling vibrators for seniors.


See also

*
Dildo A dildo is a sex toy A sex toy is an object or device that is primarily used to facilitate Human sexual activity, human sexual pleasure, such as a dildo or Vibrator (sex toy), vibrator. Many popular sex toys are designed to resemble hum ...

Dildo
* Hysteria (2011 film), ''Hysteria'', film about the 1880 invention of the first vibrator * Sex machine * Sex shop * Sex toy party


References


Bibliography

* * * *
Selling Sex Toys: Marketing and the Meaning of Vibrators in Early Twentieth-Century America


External links

{{DEFAULTSORT:Vibrator (Sex Toy) Vibrators, American inventions