Vibo Valentia (Italian: [ˈviːbo
vaˈlɛntsja] ( listen)) is a city and comune (municipality)
Calabria region of southern Italy, near the Tyrrhenian Sea. It
is the capital of the province of Vibo Valentia, and is an
agricultural, commercial and tourist center (the most famous places
nearby are Tropea,
Ricadi and Pizzo). There are also several large
manufacturing industries, including the tuna district of Maierato.
Very important for the local economy is Vibo Marina's harbour.
3 Main sights
4 Twin towns
6 External links
Vibo Valentia was originally the
Greek colony of Hipponion. It was
founded, probably around the late 7th century BC, by inhabitants of
Locri, a principal city of the Italian Magna Graecia, south of Vibo
Valentia on the Ionian Sea.
Diodorus Siculus reports that the city was
taken in 388 BC by
Dionysius the Elder
Dionysius the Elder tyrant of Syracuse, who
deported all the population. The population came back in 378 BC, with
the help of the Carthaginians. In the following years Hipponion came
under the dominion of the Bruttii, who controlled most of Calabria.
After the town fell to Rome, the name was Latinized to Hipponium. The
town became a Roman colony in 194 BC with the name of Vibo Valentia.
After a phase of prosperity during the late Republic and early Empire,
the town was almost completely abandoned after the fall of the Western
In 1070 the Normans built a castle at the site of the old Acropolis
and in 1235 a new city was established by Frederick II, Holy Roman
emperor and king of Sicily, with the name of Monteleone. The city got
back the old Roman name of
Vibo Valentia only in 1928.
A Diocese of
Vibo Valentia was established in 451AD and suppressed in
1083AD when it was incorporated into the Diocese of Mileto. In
1968AD it was restored as a titular see and it remains a titular see
of the Roman Catholic Church. The only known bishops are:
Aldo Cavalli current
Luciano Angeloni (1970–1996)
Andreas Rohracher (1969–1970)
Norman-Hohenstaufen Castle, located most likely on the site of
Hipponion acropolis, and built around 1000. For its construction
materials from the Greek temples nearby were used. It was damaged by
an earthquake in 1783. Today the castle is home to a state museum.
Walls of Hipponion, including about 350 metres (1,150 ft) of
remains and foundations of eight towers, each with an estimated height
of 10 metres (33 ft).
Church of Santa Maria Maggiore e San
Leoluca (Cathedral), built in the
9th century over the remains of a Byzantine basilica. It has an
18th-century marble high altar with a 16th-century sculpture of
"Madonna della Neve", and a Renaissance triptych.
Church of Santa Ruba (c. 1000), built by Pope Callixtus II. It has a
large cupola in Oriental style.
Church of the Rosario (c. 1337), located over a Roman temple.
Originally in Gothic style, it was remade after the 1783 earthquake.
Corleone, Palermo, Sicily, Italy
Ruda Śląska, Poland
Vrnjačka Banja, Serbia
^ G. A. Loud, The Latin Church in Norman
Italy (Cambridge University
Press, 20 Dec. 2007)p191.
^ Joseph Bingham, Origines ecclesiasticæ Volume 2(Printed for William
Straker, 1834) p371.
^ Vibo at catholic-hierarchy.org.
Vibo Valentia at GCatholic.org.
The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. Columbia University Press.
The Princeton encyclopedia of classical sites; Stillwell, Richard.
MacDonald, William L. McAlister, Marian Holland. Princeton, N.J.
Princeton University Press. 1976. ISBN 0-691-03542-3 
Calabria · Comuni of the Province of Vibo Valentia
San Costantino Calabro
San Gregorio d'Ippona
San Nicola da Crissa
Serra San Bruno
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