VERULAMIUM was a town in
* 1 History
* 1.1 Roman Theatre * 1.2 Sub-Roman times
* 2 Loss and recovery
* 3.1 Collections
* 4 Other * 5 References * 6 External links
Before the Romans established their settlement, there was already a
tribal centre in the area which belonged to the
The Roman settlement was granted the rank of municipium around AD 50,
meaning its citizens had what were known as "Latin Rights", a lesser
citizenship status than a colonia possessed. It grew to a significant
town, and as such received the attentions of
There are a few remains of the Roman city visible, such as parts of the city walls , a hypocaust still in situ under a mosaic floor, and the theatre, as well as items in the Museum (below). More remains under the nearby agricultural land which have never been excavated were for a while seriously threatened by deep ploughing .
Main article: Roman Theatre,
Although there are other Roman theatres in Britain (for example at
David Nash Ford identifies the community as the CAIR MINCIP ("Fort
Municipium ") listed by
Nennius among the 28 cities of Britain in his
History of the Britains . As late as the eighth century the Saxon
LOSS AND RECOVERY
The city was quarried for building material for the construction of
medieval St Albans; indeed, much of the Norman abbey was constructed
from the remains of the Roman city, with Roman brick and stone
visible. The modern city takes its name from Alban , either a citizen
Since much of the modern city and its environs is built over Roman
remains, it is still common to unearth Roman artefacts several miles
away. A complete tile kiln was found in Park Street some six miles (10
Within the walls of ancient Verulamium, the Elizabethan philosopher, essayist and statesman Sir Francis Bacon built a "refined small house" that was thoroughly described by the 17th century diarist John Aubrey . No trace of it is left, but Aubrey noted, "At Verulam is to be seen, in some few places, some remains of the wall of this Citie".
Moreover, when Bacon was ennobled in 1618, he took the title Baron Verulam after Verulamium. The barony became extinct after he died without heirs in 1626.
This title was revived in 1790 for James Grimston , a Hertfordshire politician. He was later made Earl of Verulam , a title still held by his descendants. Another stretch of Roman wall
The VERULAMIUM MUSEUM is a sizeable museum run by the district
Verulamium Park (adjacent to St Michael\'s Church ), which
contains much information about the town, both as a Roman and Iron Age
settlement, plus Roman history in general. The museum was established
following the excavations carried out by
Mortimer Wheeler and his
Between September 1996 and May 1997, the museum was extended. During the building work, an excavation of the site took place. It is considered one of the best museums of Roman history in the country and has won an architectural award for its striking domed entrance (designed by Peter Melvin ).
It is noted for the large and colourful mosaics and many other artefacts, such as pottery , jewellery, tools and coins , from the Roman period. Many were found in formal excavations, but some, particularly a coffin still containing a male skeleton, were unearthed nearby during building work.
The asteroid 4206 Verulamium was named in honour of the ancient city.
* ^ Boundary of settlement walls , Pleiades
* ^ "1003515 - The National Heritage List for England". and
* ^ Isaac, Graham R. "Place-Names in Ptolemy's Geography: An
Electronic Data Base with Etymological Analysis of the Celtic
Name-elements". Aberystwyth : CMCS Publications, 2004. Computer file :
* ^ This story is recorded by