The Info List - Vermont Senate


     Democratic (21)      Progressive (2)


     Republican (7)

Length of term

2 years

Authority Section 7, Legislative Department, Constitution of Vermont

Salary $693.74 per week plus per diem during session


Last election

November 8, 2016 (30 seats)

Next election

November 6, 2018 (30 seats)

Redistricting Legislative control

Meeting place

State Senate Chamber, Vermont
State House Montpelier, Vermont, U.S.


State Senate

The Vermont
Senate is the upper house of the Vermont
General Assembly, the state legislature of the U.S. state
U.S. state
of Vermont. The senate consists of 30 members. Senate districting divides the 30 members into three single-member districts, six two-member districts, three three-member districts, and one six-member district. Each senator represents at least 20,300 citizens. Senators are elected to two-year terms and there is no limit to the number of terms that a senator may serve. As in other upper houses of state and territorial legislatures and the U.S. Senate, the state senate of Vermont
is reserved with special functions such as confirming or rejecting gubernatorial appointments to executive departments, the state cabinet, commissions, boards, and electing members to the Vermont
Supreme Court. The Vermont
Senate meets at the Vermont State House
Vermont State House
in the state capital of Montpelier.


1 Districting and terms 2 Leadership 3 Composition of the Senate (2017–2018 legislative session)

3.1 Current leadership 3.2 Current members

4 Operations 5 History 6 Notable members

6.1 Governors 6.2 Members of Congress 6.3 Other notable members

7 See also 8 References 9 External links

Districting and terms[edit] Senators are elected from a total of 13 single and multi-member senate districts. The districts largely correspond to the boundaries of the state's 14 counties with adjustments to ensure equality of representation. Two small counties (Essex and Orleans) are combined into one district. Each district elects between 1 and 6 senators at-large depending on population. In addition, Vermont
is one of the 14 states where the upper house of its state legislature serves at a two-year cycle, rather than the more common four-year term in the majority of states. Leadership[edit] The Lieutenant Governor of Vermont
serves as the President of the Senate, but only casts a legislative vote if required to break a tie. In his or her absence, the President pro tempore presides over the Senate. The President pro tempore is elected by the majority party caucus followed by confirmation from the entire body through a Senate Resolution. The President Pro Tempore is the chief leadership position in the senate. The senate majority and minority leaders are elected by their respective party caucuses. Committee assignments are determined by the Committee on Committees. This panel consists of the Lieutenant Governor, the President pro tempore and one member chosen by the full Senate. For several years the third member of the committee has been Richard Mazza. Composition of the Senate (2017–2018 legislative session)[edit]

Affiliation Party (shading indicates majority caucus)


Democratic Progressive Republican Vacant Suspended

End of previous legislature 21 1 8 30 0 0

Begin 2013 20 2 7 29 1 0

End 2014 20 30 0

Begin 2015 19 3 9 30 0 0

End 2016 8 29 1[1]

Begin 2017 21 2 7 30 0 0

Latest voting share 7001770000000000000♠77% 7001230000000000000♠23%

Current leadership[edit]

Position Name Party Residence District

President David Zuckerman Prog/Dem Hinesburg

President pro tempore Tim Ashe Prog/Dem Burlington Chittenden

Majority Leader Becca Balint Dem Brattleboro Windham

Assistant Majority Leader (Whip) Claire D. Ayer Dem Weybridge Addison

Republican Minority Leader Joe Benning Rep St. Johnsbury Caledonia

Progressive Minority Leader Anthony Pollina Prog/Dem Middlesex Washington

Current members[edit]

District Representative Party Residence First elected

Addison Claire D. Ayer Dem Weybridge 2002

Christopher A. Bray Dem New Haven 2012

Bennington Brian Campion Dem Bennington 2014

Richard Sears Dem North Bennington 1992

Caledonia Joe Benning Rep St. Johnsbury 2010

Jane Kitchel Dem Danville 2004

Chittenden Tim Ashe Prog/Dem Burlington 2008

Phil Baruth Dem/Prog Burlington 2010

Debbie Ingram Dem Williston 2016

Ginny Lyons Dem Williston 2000

Christopher A. Pearson Prog/Dem Burlington 2016

Michael Sirotkin Dem South Burlington 2014 (appointed)

Essex-Orleans John S. Rodgers Dem Glover 2012

Robert Starr Dem North Troy 2004

Franklin Carolyn Whitney Branagan Rep Georgia 2016

Randy Brock Rep Swanton 2017 (appointed)[2] (2009-2013)

Colchester-Grand Isle Richard Mazza Dem Colchester 1984

Lamoille Rich Westman Rep Hyde Park 2010

Orange Mark MacDonald Dem Williamstown 2003 (1997–1999)

Rutland Brian Collamore Rep Rutland 2014

Peg Flory Rep Pittsford 2010

David Soucy Rep Killington 2017 (appointed)

Washington Francis Brooks Dem Montpelier 2016

Ann Cummings Dem Montpelier 1996

Anthony Pollina Prog/Dem Middlesex 2010

Windham Becca Balint Dem Brattleboro 2014

Jeanette White Dem Putney 2002

Windsor Alison Clarkson Dem Woodstock 2016

Richard McCormack Dem Bethel 2006 (1989–2003)

Alice Nitka Dem Ludlow 2006

Operations[edit] The full Senate meets Tuesday and Friday mornings only for the first seven weeks of the annual session.[3] The Vermont
Senate is aided by an administrative staff, including the Secretary of the Vermont
Senate and several assistants. Since 2011, the Senate Secretary has been John H. Bloomer, a former member of the Senate. Previous secretaries include Ernest W. Gibson Jr., Murdock A. Campbell, and Franklin S. Billings Jr. History[edit]

See also: Political party strength in Vermont.

had a unicameral legislature until 1836; most of the functions normally performed by an upper legislative house were the responsibility of the governor and council. The state abolished the governor's council and added a senate by constitutional amendment.[4] The longest-serving member of the Vermont
Senate was William T. Doyle; he was elected in 1968, reelected every two years until 2014, and defeated for reelection in 2016. Doyle served from January 1969 to January 2017; no other legislator in Vermont
history—member of the Vermont
House, member of the Vermont
Senate, or member of both the House and Senate—has served longer than Doyle. Notable members[edit] Most individuals who have served as governor or lieutenant governor had experience in the Vermont
legislature; many served in the State Senate. For more than 100 years from the 1850s to the 1960s, the Vermont Republican Party
Vermont Republican Party
won every election for statewide office. In keeping with the "Mountain Rule", which was created to ensure party unity, governors and lieutenant governors were from opposite sides of the Green Mountains, and were limited to two years in office. Candidates for governor and lieutenant governor were agreed upon by party leaders years in advance, and were often chosen for leadership positions in the House or Senate to groom them for statewide office. Governors[edit] Governors who served in the Vermont
Senate include: Horace Eaton; Carlos Coolidge (post-governorship); John S. Robinson; Ryland Fletcher; Frederick Holbrook; Paul Dillingham; George Whitman Hendee; John Wolcott Stewart; Julius Converse; Horace Fairbanks; Redfield Proctor; Roswell Farnham; John L. Barstow; Ebenezer J. Ormsbee; William P. Dillingham; Carroll S. Page; Levi K. Fuller; Josiah Grout; John G. McCullough; Charles J. Bell; Fletcher D. Proctor; George H. Prouty; John A. Mead; Allen M. Fletcher; Charles W. Gates; Percival W. Clement; Redfield Proctor
Redfield Proctor
Jr.; John E. Weeks; Stanley C. Wilson; Charles Manley Smith; William H. Wills; Mortimer R. Proctor; Lee E. Emerson; Joseph B. Johnson; Philip H. Hoff
Philip H. Hoff
(post-governorship); Peter Shumlin; and Phil Scott (incumbent). Members of Congress[edit] Many of Vermont's members of the United States Senate
United States Senate
and United States House of Representatives also served in the Vermont
Senate. U.S. Senators include Samuel S. Phelps, George F. Edmunds, Jonathan Ross, Porter H. Dale, Frank C. Partridge, Ernest Willard Gibson and Jim Jeffords. U.S. House members who served in the Vermont
Senate include William Henry, Ahiman Louis Miner, George Tisdale Hodges, Frederick E. Woodbridge, H. Henry Powers, David J. Foster, William Hebard, Andrew Tracy, William W. Grout, Kittredge Haskins, Frank Plumley, Alvah Sabin, Homer Elihu Royce, Worthington Curtis Smith, Bradley Barlow, Augustus Young, Richard W. Mallary, Peter Plympton Smith
Peter Plympton Smith
and Peter Welch (incumbent). Other notable members[edit] Other notable members of the Vermont
Senate include:

Jefferson P. Kidder
Jefferson P. Kidder
(1847–1849): U.S. Congressman from Dakota Territory; Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of Dakota Territory. Lucius E. Chittenden
Lucius E. Chittenden
(1856–1860): author and government official. Daniel Kellogg (1865–1866): Adjutant general of the Vermont
Militia. Hoyt Henry Wheeler
Hoyt Henry Wheeler
(1868–1869): judge of the United States District Court for the District of Vermont. William H. Gilmore
William H. Gilmore
(1882–1883): Adjutant general of the Vermont Militia. William Wells (1886–1887): recipient of the Medal of Honor
Medal of Honor
during the American Civil War. Edna Beard (1923–1925): Vermont's first female state House member (1921 to 1923) and first female state senator; also the first woman to hold a leadership position in the Vermont
legislature as chairwoman of the Senate Committee on Libraries. Consuelo N. Bailey (1930–1931): Lieutenant Governor of Vermont
from 1955 to 1957; first woman in the United States to be a lieutenant governor. James L. Oakes (1961–1965): judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. David Zuckerman (born 1971): current Lieutenant Governor of Vermont.

See also[edit]

President pro tempore of the Vermont
Senate Vermont
State House Vermont
General Assembly Vermont
House of Representatives Members of the Vermont
Senate, 2005-2006 session Members of the Vermont
Senate, 2007-2008 session Vermont
Senate Districts, 2002-2012


^ Republican Norman H. McAllister (Alburgh-Franklin) suspended. [1] ^ Hewitt, Elizabeth (December 27, 2017). "Brock to fill vacant Franklin County Senate seat". VTDigger. Montpelier, VT.  ^ Remsen, Nancy & Hallenbeck, Teri (January 8, 2009). Following the Legislature. Burlington Free Press.  ^ "REPORT OF THE LEGISLATIVE APPORTIONMENT BOARD: The 2001 Tentative Plan for the Vermont
Senate" (PDF). Bluehouse Group. Retrieved April 29, 2016. 

External links[edit]

General Assembly Project Vote Smart - State Senate of Vermont Senate Map and Statistics 2012 Reapportionment

v t e

Members of the Vermont
State Senate

President of the Senate: David Zuckerman (P/D) President pro Tempore: Tim Ashe
Tim Ashe
(D/P) Majority Leader: Becca Balint (D) Minority Leader: Joe Benning (R)

   Claire D. Ayer (D, Addison)    Christopher A. Bray (D, Addison)    Brian Campion (D, Bennington)    Richard W. Sears (D, Bennington)    Joe Benning (R, Caledonia)    M. Jane Kitchel
M. Jane Kitchel
(D, Caledonia)    Tim Ashe
Tim Ashe
(D/P, Chittenden)    Michael Sirotkin (D, Chittenden)    Virginia V. Lyons (D, Chittenden)    Christopher Pearson (P/D, Chittenden)    Philip Baruth
Philip Baruth
(D, Chittenden)    Debbie Ingram (D, Chittenden)    John S. Rodgers (D, Essex-Orleans)    Robert A. Starr (D, Essex-Orleans)    Carolyn Whitney Branagan (R, Franklin)    Randy Brock
Randy Brock
(R, Franklin)    Richard Mazza (D, Grand Isle)    Rich Westman (R, Lamoille)    Mark MacDonald (D, Orange)    Brian Collamore (R, Rutland)    Peg Flory (R, Rutland)    David Soucy (R, Rutland)    Ann Cummings (D, Washington)    Francis K. Brooks (D, Washington)    Anthony Pollina (P/D, Washington)    Becca Balint (D, Windham)    Jeanette White (D, Windham)    Alison H. Clarkson (D, Windsor)    Richard McCormack (D, Windsor)    Alice Nitka (D, Windsor)

   Democratic (21)    Republican (7)    Progressive (2) Vermont
General Assembly Vermont
House of Representatives Vermont
State Senate

v t e

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 143039886 LCCN: n50075721 G