In Roman mythology, Veritas, meaning truth, is the goddess of truth, a
daughter of Chronos, the God of Time (who has been identified with
Saturn-Cronus, perhaps first by Plutarch), and the mother of Virtus.
She is also sometimes considered the daughter of Zeus, or a
creation of Prometheus. It was believed that she hid in the
bottom of a holy well because she was so elusive. Her image is shown
as a young virgin dressed in white.
Veritas is also the name given to the
Roman virtue of truthfulness,
which was considered one of the main virtues any good Roman should
possess. The Greek goddess of truth is Aletheia (Ancient Greek:
ἀλήθεια). The German philosopher
Martin Heidegger argues that
the truth represented by aletheia (which essentially means
"unconcealment") is different from that represented by veritas, which
is linked to a Roman understanding of rightness and finally to a
Nietzschean sense of justice and a will to power.
Veritas was often
depicted nude, holding a hand mirror.
In Western culture, the word may also serve as a motto.
2 See also
4 External links
Latin word "veritas" now appears in the mottos of many colleges
and universities. It is typically capitalized in mottoes (as
"Veritas") for being an ideal (such as: Truth, Kindness and Beauty).
Veritas is the motto of Hutchesons' Grammar School, Harvard
University of Western Ontario, Drake University, Knox
College (Illinois), Bilkent University, the
University of California -
College of the Law, as well as the
Dominican Order of the
Roman Catholic Church, and Providence
College and Molloy
is run by the Dominicans. Additionally, the word appears in mottoes
that are phrases, or lists e.g. the Buckley School of the City of New
York employs the phrase Honor et Veritas, the
Indonesia's motto is "Veritas, Probitas, Iustitia", the
Cape Coast in Ghana's motto is "
Veritas Nobis Lumen", the University
of Michigan's motto is :Artes, Scientia, Veritas".
Caldwell, New Jersey
Caldwell, New Jersey issues a "
Veritas Award" each
year in honor of the
Dominican Sisters who founded and administer the
college. "Veritas" is included in the motto of Indiana
Yale University, Lux et
Veritas ("Light and Truth"). It also appears
on the California State University's motto Vox
Veritas Vita ("Speak
Truth as a way of Life"). "
Veritas vos liberabit" ("The
Set You Free") is the motto of The Johns Hopkins University. Veritas
Truth Cures") is the motto of the Jawaharlal Institute of
Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, a medical school in
Puducherry, India. Howard University, in Washington, D.C., goes by the
Veritas et Utilitas", translated to "
Truth and Service". It
also exists in the logo of Seoul National University, Korea: "Veritas
Lux Mea" – meaning "
Truth is my light". Villanova
Veritas in its school motto, Veritas, Unitas, Caritas ("Truth,
Unity, Love"). Uppsala
University in Sweden also uses
Veritas in its
school motto, "Gratiae veritas naturae".
The Naval Criminal Investigative Service, the U.S. Navy's primary
counterintelligence arm and law enforcement agency, uses the motto on
its official seal.
In vino veritas
Via, Veritas, Vita
Urim and Thummim
Pindar Olympian Ode 10: But come, Muse, you and the daughter of
Zeus, unforgettable Truth: with the hand that puts things right, keep
from me the blame for lying, for wronging my friend. Approaching from
far away, the future has arrived and made me ashamed of my deep debt.
Still, payment with interest has a way of dissolving the bitter
reproach of men.
Aesop Fables 530 (from Phaedrus Appendix 5): Prometheus, that potter
who gave shape to our new generation, decided one day to sculpt a
statue of Truth, using all his skill so that she would be able to
regulate people's behaviour. As he was working, an unexpected summons
from mighty Jupiter called him away.
Prometheus left cunning Trickery
in charge of his workshop (Trickery had recently become one of the
god's apprentices). Fired by ambition, Trickery used the time at his
disposal to fashion with his sly fingers a figure of the same size and
Truth with identical features. When he had almost
completed the piece, which was truly remarkable, he ran out of clay to
use for her feet. The master returned, so Trickery quickly sat down in
his seat, quaking with fear.
Prometheus was amazed at the similarity
of the two statues and wanted it to seem as if all the credit were due
to his own skill. Therefore, he put both statues in the kiln and when
they had been thoroughly baked, he infused them both with life: sacred
Truth walked with measured steps, while her unfinished twin stood
stuck in her tracks. That forgery, that product of subterfuge, thus
acquired the name of Falsehood, and I readily agree with people who
say that she has no feet: every once in a while something that is
false can start off successfully, but with time the
Truth is sure to
^ Macey, Samuel L. (2010). Patriarchs of Time: Dualism in
Saturn-Cronus, Father Time, the Watchmaker God, and Father Christmas.
University of Georgia Press. pp. 34–36.
ISBN 9780820337975. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
^ Mercatante, Anthony S. The Fact on
File Encyclopedia of World
Mythology and Legend. Facts on File, 1988, p. 654,
^ B. Dallery, Arleen; E. Scott, Charles; Roberts, P. Holley (1992).
Ethics and Danger: Essays on Heidegger and Continental Thought Issue
17 of Selected studies in phenomenology and existential philosophy.
SUNY Press. p. 72. ISBN 9780791409831. Retrieved 4 October
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Veritas.
History of Truth: The
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Truth in Ancient Greek—Origins and
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Truth (From the Greek "Aletheia" to th