The VENICE FILM FESTIVAL or VENICE INTERNATIONAL FILM FESTIVAL
(Italian : Mostra Internazionale d'Arte Cinematografica della Biennale
di Venezia, "International Exhibition of Cinematographic Art of the
The film festival is part of the
The film festival has since taken place in late August or early
September on the island of the Lido ,
* 1 History
* 1.1 The beginning * 1.2 1940s * 1.3 Development and closure * 1.4 The rebirth
* 2 Awards
* 2.1 Official selection: In competition * 2.2 Orizzonti section (Horizons) * 2.3 Jaeger-LeCoultre partnership
* 3 Past awards
* 3.1 Mussolini Cup (Coppa Mussolini)
* 3.1.1 Mussolini Cup for Best Italian Film
* 3.2 Great Gold Medals of the National Fascist Association for Entertainment * 3.3 Audience Referendum * 3.4 Award for Best Director
* 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links
The first edition of the
The festival began with an idea of the president of the Venice
The second edition was held two years later, from 1 to 20 of August in 1934. For the first time it included a competition. At least 19 countries took part with over 300 accredited journalists. The " Mussolini Cup " was introduced for best foreign film and best Italian film; however there was no actual jury. Instead, the awards were assigned by the President of the Biennale, after listening to the opinions of both experts and audiences, and in accordance with the "National Institute for Educational Cinema". Other awards were the "Great Gold Medals of the National Fascist Association for Entertainment" to best actor and actress. The prize for best foreign film went to Robert J. Flaherty's Man of Aran and was a confirmation of the taste of the time for auteur documentaries.
Starting in 1935, the Festival became a yearly event under the direction of Ottavio Croze. The actors' award was renamed "Volpi Cup". In 1936 an international jury was nominated for the first time and in 1937 the new Cinema Palace, designed by the architect Luigi Quagliata, was inaugurated.
The Doge\'s Palace in Piazza San Marco hosted the 1947 edition.
The 1940s represent one of the most difficult moments for the review.
The conclusion of the
Second World War
The festival resumed full speed in 1946, after the war. For the first
time, the 1946 edition was held in the month of September, in
accordance to an agreement with the newly-born
Cannes Film Festival ,
which had just held its first review in the spring of that year. With
the return of normalcy,
In 1947 the festival was held at the Doge\'s Palace , a most magnificent backdrop for hosting a record 90 thousand participants. Surely it can be considered one of the greatest editions in the history of the festival.
DEVELOPMENT AND CLOSURE
For the next twenty years the festival continued its development and expansion in accordance with the artistic plan set in motion after the war.
In 1963 the winds of change blow strongly during Luigi Chiarini ’s directorship of the festival. During the years of his presidency, Chiarini aspired to renew the spirit and the structures of the festival, pushing for a total reorganization of the entire system. For six years the festival followed a consistent path, according to the rigid criteria put in place for the selection of works in competition, and took a firm stand against the political pressures and interference of more and more demanding movie studios, preferring the artistic quality of films to the growing commercialization of the film industry.
The social and political unrest of 1968 had strong repercussions on
The long-awaited rebirth came in 1979, thanks to the new director Carlo Lizzani , who decided to restore the image and value the festival had lost over the last decade. The 1979 edition laid the foundation for the restoration of international prestige. In an attempt to create a more modern image of the festival, the neo-director created a committee of experts to assist in selecting the works and to increase the diversity of submissions to the festival.
The Film Festival's current awards are:
OFFICIAL SELECTION: IN COMPETITION
See list of winners at
* Silver Lion (Leone d'Argento), awarded to the best director in the competitive section
See list of winners at Silver Lion
* Grand Jury Prize
See list of winners at Grand Jury Prize (
* Volpi Cup (Coppa Volpi), awarded to the best actor/actress
* See – Best Actor * See – Best Actress
* Golden Osella, awarded to the Best Technical Contribution (to cinematographers, composers, etc.) and for the Best Screenplay.
See list of winners at Golden Osella
* There are other awards that also recognize acting performances:
ORIZZONTI SECTION (HORIZONS)
This section is open to all "custom-format" works, with a wider view towards new trends in the expressive languages that converge in film.
The awards of the Orizzonti section are:
* The Orizzonti Prize
Jaeger-LeCoultre Glory to the Filmmaker Award , organized in collaboration with Jaeger-LeCoultre since 2006. It is dedicated to personalities who have made a significant contribution to contemporary cinema.
This is the list of winners:
YEAR DIRECTOR NATIONALITY
MUSSOLINI CUP (COPPA MUSSOLINI)
The Mussolini Cup was the top award from 1934 to 1942 for Best Italian and Best Foreign Film. Named after Italy's dictator Benito Mussolini , it was abandoned upon his ousting in 1943.
Mussolini Cup For Best Italian Film
YEAR ENGLISH TITLE ORIGINAL TITLE DIRECTOR(S)
1935 Casta Diva Casta diva Carmine Gallone
1936 The White Squadron Lo squadrone bianco Augusto Genina
1937 Scipio Africanus: The Defeat of Hannibal Scipione l'africano Carmine Gallone
1942 Bengasi Bengasi Augusto Genina
GREAT GOLD MEDALS OF THE NATIONAL FASCIST ASSOCIATION FOR ENTERTAINMENT
"Le Grandi Medaglie d’Oro dell’Associazione Nazionale Fascista dello Spettacolo" in Italian.
This was awarded to Best Actor and Best Actress. It was later replaced by the Volpi Cup for actors and actresses.
In the first edition of the festival in 1932, due to the lack of a jury and the awarding of official prizes, a list of acknowledgements was decided by popular vote, a tally determined by the number of people flocking to the films, and announced by the Organizing Committee. From this, the Best Director was declared – Russian Nikolai Ekk for the film Road to Life, while the film by René Clair À Nous la Liberté was voted Best Film.
AWARD FOR BEST DIRECTOR
YEAR DIRECTOR(S) TITLE ORIGINAL TITLE
1936 Jacques Feyder Carnival in Flanders La Kermesse Héroique
1938 Carl Froelich Magda Heimat
* Film portal
* ^ Anderson, Ariston. "Venice: David Gordon Green\'s
\'Manglehorn,\' Abel Ferrara\'s \'Pasolini\' in Competition Lineup".
The Hollywood Reporter .
* ^ "Addio, Lido: Last Postcards from the