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Veneto
Veneto
(/ˈveɪnəˌtoʊ/ or /ˈvɛnətoʊ/,[4] Italian: [ˈvɛːneto]; Venetian: Vèneto, Venetian pronunciation: ['vɛːneto][5])[6] is one of the 20 regions of Italy. Its population is about five million, ranking fifth in Italy. The region's capital and most populous city is Venice. Veneto
Veneto
was part of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
until the 5th century AD. Later, after a feudal period, it was part of the Republic of Venice
Venice
until 1797. Venice
Venice
ruled for centuries over one of the largest and richest maritime republics and trade empires in the world. After the Napoleonic Wars
Napoleonic Wars
and the Congress of Vienna, the Republic was annexed by the Austrian Empire, until it was merged with the Kingdom of Italy in 1866, as a result of the Third Italian War of Independence. The Statute of Veneto
Statute of Veneto
describes Venetians as a "people".[7] Besides Italian, most inhabitants also speak the autochthonous Venetian language. Having been for a long period in history a land of mass emigration, Veneto
Veneto
is today one of the greatest immigrant-receiving regions in the country, with 454,453 foreigners (9.30% of the regional population) in 2008, the most recent of which are Romanians and Moroccans.[8] The region is home to a notable nationalist movement. The region's largest party is the Venetist/Padanist Liga Veneta, a founding member of Lega Nord. The current President of Veneto is Luca Zaia
Luca Zaia
(Liga Veneta–Lega Nord), re-elected in 2015 with 50.1% of the vote and the support of Lega Nord, Forza Italia, Independence We Veneto
Independence We Veneto
and Brothers of Italy.

Contents

1 Geography

1.1 Geomorphology 1.2 Climate

2 History

2.1 Venetic period 2.2 Roman period 2.3 Middle Ages 2.4 Venetian Republic 2.5 Habsburg rule 2.6 United Italy

3 Government and politics

3.1 Venetian nationalism

4 Administrative divisions

4.1 Provinces 4.2 Largest municipalities

5 Demographics

5.1 Religion

6 Economy

6.1 Agriculture 6.2 Industry 6.3 Tourism 6.4 Statistics

6.4.1 Historical GDP 6.4.2 Economic sectors

7 Culture

7.1 Art and architecture 7.2 Education 7.3 Language 7.4 Literature 7.5 Cuisine

7.5.1 Wines and drinks 7.5.2 Cheeses 7.5.3 Salamis and meats 7.5.4 Vegetables 7.5.5 Desserts

7.6 Festivals 7.7 Music

7.7.1 Musicians and composers 7.7.2 Theatres

8 Tourism

8.1 Cities 8.2 UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Sites 8.3 Palladian
Palladian
Villas of Veneto 8.4 Parks 8.5 Lakes 8.6 Mountains 8.7 Thermal baths 8.8 Beaches

9 Notable people 10 References

10.1 Bibliography 10.2 Notes

11 Further reading 12 External links

Geography[edit] Geomorphology[edit] Veneto
Veneto
is the 8th largest region in Italy, with a total area of 18,398.9 km2 (7,103.9 sq mi). It is located in the north-eastern part of Italy
Italy
and is bordered to the east by Friuli Venezia Giulia, to the south by Emilia-Romagna, to the west by Lombardy
Lombardy
and to the north by Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol. At its northernmost corner it borders also on Austria. The north-south extension of Veneto
Veneto
is 210 km (130 mi) from the Austrian border to the mouth of the River
River
Po. By area, 29% of its surface is mountainous (Carnic Alps, eastern Dolomites
Dolomites
and Venetian Prealps). The highest massif in the Dolomites
Dolomites
is the Marmolada-massif at 3,342 m (10,965 ft). Other dolomitic peaks are the Tre Cime di Lavaredo and the Pale di San Martino. The Venetian Prealps
Venetian Prealps
are not as high and range between 700 m (2,300 ft) and 2,200 m (7,200 ft). A distinctive characteristic of the Pre-alps are the cave formations, including chasms and sink holes; the Spluga della Preta, situated in the Monte Lessini chain in the province of Verona, has an explored depth of 985 m (3,232 ft), being the deepest cave in Italy. Fossil deposits are also abundant there. The Po Valley, covering 57% of Veneto, extends from the mountains to the Adriatic sea, broken only by some low hills: Euganean Hills, Berici Hills
Berici Hills
Colli Asolani and Montello, which constitute the remaining 14% of the territory. The plain itself is subdivided into the higher plain (gravel-strewn and not very fertile) and the lower plain (rich in water sources and arable terrain). The lower plain is both a mainstay of agricultural production and the most populated part of the region.

The Adige
Adige
in Verona

Several rivers flow through the region: the Po, Adige, Brenta, Bacchiglione, Livenza, Piave, and Tagliamento. The eastern shore of the largest lake in Italy, Lake Garda, belongs to Veneto. The coastline covers approximately 200 km (120 mi), of which 100 km (62 mi) are beaches. The coasts of the Adriatic Sea
Adriatic Sea
are characterised by the Venetian Lagoon, a flat terrain with ponds, marshes and islands. The Po Delta to the south features sandbars and dunes along the coastline. The inland portion contains cultivable land recently reclaimed by a system of canals and dykes. Fish ponds have been created there as well. The delta and the lagoon are a stopping-point for migratory birds. Veneto's morphology is characterised by its:[9]

mountains (montagna): 5,359.1 km2 (2,069.2 sq mi), (117 comuni being classified as mountainous); hills (collina): 2,663.9 km2 (1,028.5 sq mi), (120 hilly comuni); and plains (pianura): 10,375.9 km2 (4,006.2 sq mi), (344 comuni mostly situated in the Po Valley).

Climate[edit] The climate changes significantly from one area to another: while it is continental on the plains, it is milder along the Adriatic coast; around the Lake Garda
Lake Garda
and in the hilly areas. The lowlands are often covered by thick fog; precipitations that are scarce - 750 mm per year - next to the river Po, are more abundant - from 750 to 1100 mm per year - at higher altitudes; the highest values - up to 3200 mm per year - are recorded in the Bellunese Prealps, near Mount Pasubio
Pasubio
and on the Asiago plateau. History[edit] Venetic period[edit] Between the 2nd and 1st millennium BC, the region was inhabited by the Euganei. According to ancient historians, who perhaps wanted to link Venetic origins to legend of Roman origins in Troy, the Veneti (often called the Paleoveneti) came from Paphlagonia
Paphlagonia
in Anatolia
Anatolia
at the time of the Fall of Troy
Troy
(12th century BC), led by prince Antenor, a comrade of Aeneas. Other historians links Venetic origins with Celts. In the 7th–6th centuries BC the local populations of Veneto
Veneto
entered into contact with the Etruscans and the Greeks. Venetic culture reached a high point during the 4th century BC. These ancient Veneti spoke Venetic, an Indo-European language akin to, but distinct from Latin
Latin
and the other Italic languages. Meanwhile, the Veneti prospered through their trade in amber and breeding of horses. Este, Padua, Oderzo, Adria, Vicenza, Verona, and Altino became centres of Venetic culture. Over time, the Veneti began to adopt the dress and certain other customs of their Celtic neighbours.

The Tetrarchs were the four co-rulers who governed the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
as long as Diocletian's reform lasted. Here they are portrayed embracing, in a posture of harmony, in a porphyry sculpture dating from the 4th century, produced in Anatolia, located today on a corner of St Mark's Basilica in Venice.

Roman period[edit] During the 3rd century BC, the Veneti, together with the Cenomani Celts
Celts
on their western border, sided with the Romans, as Rome
Rome
expanded and struggled against the Insubres
Insubres
and Boii
Boii
(Celts). During the Second Punic War (218 – 202 BC), the Veneti even sent a contingent of soldiers to fight alongside the Romans against Hannibal and the invading Carthaginians. These Venetians were among those slaughtered at the Battle of Cannae
Battle of Cannae
(216 BC). In 181 BC a Roman triumvirate of Publius Cornelius Scipio Nasica, Caius Flaminius, and Lucius Manlius Acidinus founded a Latin
Latin
colony at Aquileia
Aquileia
as a base to protect the territory of the Veneti from incursions of the hostile Carni and Histri. From then on, Roman influence over the area increased. In 169 BC 1,500 more colonising families were sent by Rome
Rome
to Aquileia. In 148 BC the Via Postumia
Via Postumia
was completed connecting Aquileia
Aquileia
to Genoa. In 131 BC, the Via Annia joined Adria
Adria
to Patavium (modern Padua) to Altinum
Altinum
to Concordia to Aquileia. The Roman Republic
Roman Republic
gradually transformed its alliance with the Veneti into a relationship of dominance. After the 91 BC Italic rebellion, the cities of the Veneti, together with the rest of Transpadania, were granted partial rights of Roman citizenship
Roman citizenship
according to the Lex Pompeia de Transpadanis. Later in 49 BC, by the Lex Roscia granted full Roman citizenship
Roman citizenship
to the Veneti. The Via Claudia would be completed in AD 46 to connected Altinum, Tarvisium (modern Treviso), Feltria (modern Feltre), and Tridentum (modern Trent). From Tridentum it continued northwards to Pons Drusus and further to Augusta Vindelicorum (modern Augsburg), and southwards from Trent to Verona and Mutina (modern Modena). After the Battle of Philippi
Battle of Philippi
(42 BC) ended the Roman Civil War, the lands of the Veneti, together with the rest of Cisalpine Gaul, ceased to be a province. Between 8 and 6 BC, Augustus
Augustus
reorganized Italia into 11 regions. The territory of modern Veneto
Veneto
along with Istria, modern Friuli
Friuli
and Trentino-Alto Adige
Adige
and eastern Lombardy
Lombardy
(including its cities of Mantua, Cremona, Brescia, and Sondrio) became Region X (Venetia et Histria). Aquileia, although not officially the capital was the chief municipium of the region.[10] Meanwhile, under the Pax Romana, Patavium developed into one of the most important cities of northern Italy. Other Venetic cities such as Opitergium (modern Oderzo), Tarvisium, Feltria, Vicetia (modern Vicenza), Ateste (modern Este), and Altinum
Altinum
(modern Altino) adopted the Latin
Latin
language and the culture of Rome. By the end of the 1st century AD Latin
Latin
had displaced the original Venetic language. In 166 AD the Quadi
Quadi
and Marcomanni
Marcomanni
invaded Venetia. It was the beginning of many barbarian invasions. Marcus Aurelius
Marcus Aurelius
retaining the regions of Italia, superimposed another layer of administration by ascribing Regions X and XI to the district of Transpadana under a iuridicus. The end of the 3rd c. brought further administrative changes when Diocletian
Diocletian
abolished the regions and districts and established provinciae. Thus, Region X (Venetia et Histria) became Province VIII (Venetia et Histria), being enlarged in the west up to the Adda River
Adda River
governed by a corrector until 363 and from 368 to 373 by a consularius seated at Aquileia. Venetia et Histria remained one of the 16 Provinces of Italy
Italy
in the 5th century when both Alaric the Goth and then Attila and the Huns devastated the area. Attila laid siege to Aquileia
Aquileia
and turned it into a ruin in 452 AD. Many of the mainland inhabitants sought protection in the nearby lagoons which would become Grado in the east and Venice
Venice
more to the west. On the heels of the Huns came the Ostrogoths who not only invaded, but also settled down in the region, especially near Treviso
Treviso
where the penultimate king Totila
Totila
was born.[11] During the mid-6th century, Justinian reconquered Venetia for the Eastern Roman Empire. An Exarch was established at Ravenna
Ravenna
while a military tribune was set up in Oderzo. Greek-Byzantine rule did not last long. Starting in 568 AD, the Lombards
Lombards
crossed the Julian Alps. These invaders subdivided the territory of Venetia into numerous feuds ruled by Germanic dukes and counts, essentially creating the division of Veneto
Veneto
from Friuli. The invasion provoked another wave of migration from the mainland to the Byzantine controlled coast and islands. In 643 AD the Lombards conquered the Byzantine base at Oderzo
Oderzo
and took possession of practically all of Veneto
Veneto
(and Friuli) except for Venice
Venice
and Grado. The 36 Lombard duchies included the Venetian cities of Ceneda, Treviso, Verona, and Vicenza. A reminder of Lombard rule can be seen in the place names beginning with the word Farra.

The Horses of Saint Mark, brought as loot from Constantinople
Constantinople
in 1204.

Middle Ages[edit] By the middle of the 8th century, the Franks
Franks
had assumed political control of the region and the mainland of Veneto
Veneto
became part of the Carolingian Empire. Though politically dominant, these Germanic invaders were gradually absorbed into the Venetian population over the centuries. In the late 9th century, Berengar, Margrave
Margrave
of the March of Friuli
Friuli
was elected king of Italy. Under his tumultuous reign, the March of Friuli
Friuli
was absorbed into the March of Verona
Verona
so that Verona's territory contained a large portion of Roman Venetia. In the 10th century, the mainland of Veneto, after suffering raids from the Magyars and the Slavs, was incorporated into the Holy Roman Empire. Gradually, the communes of the mainland grew in power and wealth. In 1167 an alliance (called the Lombard League) was formed among the Venetian cities such as Venice, Padua, Treviso, Vicenza, and Verona
Verona
with other cities of Northern Italy
Italy
to assert their rights against the Holy Roman Emperor. The Second Treaty of Constance in 1183 confirmed the Peace of Venice of 1177 in which the cities agreed to remain part of the Empire as long as their jurisdiction over their own territories was not infringed upon. The league was dissolved at the death of Emperor Frederick II in 1250. This period also witnessed the founding of the second oldest university in Italy, the University
University
of Padua
Padua
founded in 1222. Around this time, Padua
Padua
also served as home to St. Anthony, the beloved Saint called simply "il Santo" ("the Saint") by the inhabitants of the town. Venetian Republic[edit] Main article: Republic of Venice

An 18th-century view of Venice
Venice
by Canaletto.

As the barbarians were interested in the wealth of the mainland, part of the Venetian population sought refuge on some of the isolated and unoccupied islands in the lagoon, from which the city of Venetiae or Venice
Venice
was born. After a period of Byzantine domination in 8th century, Venice
Venice
became an independent maritime Republic ruled by its elected doge. The Republic became a commercial superpower and its influence lasted through the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
and the Renaissance. In fact, the Venetian Republic enjoyed 1100 years of uninterrupted influence throughout the Mediterranean. By the 16th century, the Venetian Republic
Venetian Republic
dominated over Veneto, Friuli, parts of Lombardy
Lombardy
and Romagna, Istria, Dalmatia, the Ionian Islands
Ionian Islands
of Corfu, Cefalonia, Ithaca and Zante. From the 13th to 17th centuries, it held the island of Crete
Crete
and from the mid-15th to mid-16th century, the island of Cyprus. Venetian mainland holdings led to Venetian involvement in European and in particular, Italian politics. Cities had to be fortified, two impressive examples are Nafplio in Peloponese and Palmanova
Palmanova
in Friuli. The wise rule and prosperity brought by the "Serenissima" (most serene republic) made the cities of the terra firma willing subjects. Eastern Islands served as useful ports for Venetian shipping. However, as the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
grew more powerful and aggressive, Venice
Venice
was often put on the defensive. Ottoman control of the eastern Mediterranean
Mediterranean
and the discoveries of sea routes to Asia around Africa and of the Americas had a debilitating effect on the Venetian economy. In 1797, Napoleon invaded the territory of the Venetian Republic. Overwhelmed by more powerful forces, Doge
Doge
Ludovico Manin
Ludovico Manin
resigned and retired to his villa at Passariano in Friuli
Friuli
and the thousand year old Republic disappeared as an independent state. This proved very unpopular in the mainland cities where sympathies were strong with the Republic of Venice. By the Treaty of Campoformio signed on 17 October 1797, part of the Venetian mainland was handed over to Francis II of the Holy Roman Empire
Roman Empire
and a western part was annexed to the French backed Cisalpine Republic. The territory soon reverted to Napoleon in 1801. Habsburg rule[edit]

The flag of the Provisional Venetian Government (23 March 1848 – 24 August 1849) was an Italian tricolour, with the Lion of St. Mark.

Then in 1805–1806, it was conquered by Napoleon's armies and included in the Kingdom of Italy. During 1809, the region revolted against the French-Italian rule,[12] supporting the advancing Austrian troops during the War of the Fifth Coalition. It was mainly a peasant revolt, less organised than the nearby Andreas Hofer's revolt, while hurban national guard troops fought on the French-Italian side. After the Congress of Vienna, 1814–1815, Venetia was the eastern half of the Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia, a separate kingdom of the Austrian Empire. During the 1848 First Italian War of Independence, Venetia rose against the central Austrian government, forming the Republic of San Marco, which lasted 17 months. It asked to be annexed to the Kingdom of Sardinia
Sardinia
to form an Italian confederation against Austria, then using the Italian tricolour in its flag, but, after the other Italian states left the war (May 1848) and Sardinia
Sardinia
surrendered (August 1848, then March 1849), Venetia stood alone. It surrendered on 24 August 1849, when the Siege of Venice
Venice
ended.[13] The Austrian imperial government was unpopular among upper and middle classes because of Metternich's anti-liberal politics, turned by Emperor Franz Joseph
Emperor Franz Joseph
into neo-absolutism after 1848, and for not granting Lombardo–Venetia any real autonomy (it was considered less than a puppet state). At the same time, it was appreciated for the efficient and honest administration, especially among lower classes, and long-standing strong cultural ties linked Venetia and Austria
Austria
even after it was ceded to Italy. Despite this, after 1848–1849 there was no revolt against the Austrian rule. United Italy[edit]

The 13th-century Castel Brando
Castel Brando
in Cison di Valmarino, Treviso.

Venetia remained under Austrian control until the Austro-Prussian War in 1866, when the Kingdom of Italy
Italy
joined on the Prussian side and was promised Venetia in exchange for its assistance. Austria
Austria
offered to sell Venetia to Italy, but the Italians
Italians
refused, seeing it as a dishonourable act. This caused another southern front for Austria, the Third Italian War of Independence. Once the wars ended, the Treaty of Vienna ceded the region to neutral France, but left the fortresses under Austrian control for a time. Following protests, the Austrians left and the French ceded it to Italy
Italy
on 20 October. A referendum – where only 30% of the adult population voted as was custom in the period, and did so under government pressure[14] there was a 99.99% majority for Italy[15][16][17] – was held on 21–22 October and ratified the handover. During the fascist era, due to the nationalist policy the Venetian language, as other local languages, was banned in public spaces.[18] Due to uneven economic development reducing many to poverty, the 19th century and the first half of the 20th became a period of emigration. Millions of Venetians left their homes and their native land to seek opportunities in other parts of the world. Many settled down in South America, especially in Brazil; others in Australia, Canada, and the United States
United States
of America. After the Second World War, many Venetians emigrated to Western European countries. In many of these places, their descendants have maintained the use of their ancestral Venetian dialects. Those who remained in Veneto
Veneto
would experience the turmoil of two World Wars. In 1915, Italy
Italy
entered the First World War on the side of the France
France
and the United Kingdom, after extricating itself from its alliance with Germany and the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Veneto
Veneto
became a major battlefront. After the Italians
Italians
suffered an enormous defeat at Caporetto in November 1917, the combined Austro-Hungarian and German forces advanced almost unhindered through Veneto
Veneto
towards Venice
Venice
until reaching the Piave River. The Battle of the Piave River
Battle of the Piave River
prevented their troops from advancing further and was celebrated in La Leggenda del Piave. Between 24 October and 3 November 1918, Italy
Italy
launched the decisive Battle of Vittorio Veneto. The battle's outcome assured Italy's victory. The Armistice of Villa Giusti
Armistice of Villa Giusti
which ended warfare between Italy
Italy
and Austria-Hungary
Austria-Hungary
in World War I, was signed at Villa Giusti near Padua. Between 1943 and 1945, Veneto
Veneto
belonged to the Italian Social Republic, while the province of Belluno
Belluno
was part of the Prealpine Operations Zone. Many towns in the region were bombed by the Allies during the Second World War. The most hit were Treviso
Treviso
and Vicenza, as well as the industrial area around Marghera. During 1945–1946, Yugoslav Partisan brigades occupied part of Gorizia and for a month Trieste. The eastern part of the town of Gorizia, together with the upper Isonzo
Isonzo
valley and the main part of Carso, were ceded to Yugoslavia
Yugoslavia
in 1947, while Trieste formed the Free Territory of Trieste, only annexed back by Italy
Italy
in 1954. Government and politics[edit] Main article: Politics of Veneto Veneto
Veneto
is a semi-presidential representative democracy. The President of the Region, colloquially nicknamed Governor or even Doge
Doge
in remembrance of Venice's glorious tradition, is also the head of the Regional Government. Legislative power is exerted by the Regional Council, the local parliament. The Statute (i.e. the law establishing and regulating the regional institution, which was first promulgated on 22 May 1971), uses the term "people" for Venetians, but, like in the case of Sardinians, this is not a legal recognition of any differences from other Italian citizens. Moreover, the region is not granted a form of autonomy comparable to that of neighbouring Friuli-Venezia Giulia
Friuli-Venezia Giulia
and Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol.[19] This is the reason why many municipalities have held referendums in order to be united to these regions. Traditionally a very Catholic region, Veneto
Veneto
was once the heartland of Christian Democracy, which won a record 60.5% of the vote in the 1948 general election, polled above 50% in each and every general and regional election until 1983 and governed the region since its establishment in 1970 to 1994. After that, Veneto
Veneto
has been a stronghold of the centre-right coalition, which has governed the region since 1995, first under President Giancarlo Galan (Forza Italia/The People of Freedom) and, since 2010, Luca Zaia
Luca Zaia
(Liga Veneta–Lega Nord). In the 2015 regional election Liga Veneta–Lega Nord won a combined 40.9% of the vote (sum of party list and Zaia's personal list), followed by the three main Italian parties of the time, the Democratic Party (16.7%), the Five Star Movement
Five Star Movement
(10.4%) and Forza Italia
Forza Italia
(6.0%). According to Robert D. Putnam, the "institutional performance" of Veneto's regional government is higher than average in Italy
Italy
and Veneto
Veneto
belongs to the "civic North".[20] Venetian nationalism[edit] Venetian nationalism
Venetian nationalism
is a regionalist/nationalist political movement which gained prominence in Veneto
Veneto
during the 1970s and 1980s, demanding more autonomy, a special statute or even independence, and promoting Venetian culture, language and history. This is the political background in which the Liga Veneta
Liga Veneta
was launched in 1980. Other regionalist/nationalist groupings, including Liga Veneta Repubblica, North-East Project
North-East Project
and the avowed separatist Veneto
Veneto
State, Venetian Independence
Venetian Independence
and Plebiscito.eu, emerged but they have never touched the popularity of Liga Veneta, which was a founding member of Lega Nord
Lega Nord
in 1991. Venetian Independence
Venetian Independence
and other alike groups have been long proposing a referendum on the independence of Veneto
Veneto
from Italy. After the Regional Council approved a resolution on self-determination (with an explicit reference to a referendum) in November 2012,[21][22] a referendum bill was proposed in April 2013.[23] Plebiscite 2013 organised an online referendum, with no official recognition, for 16–21 March 2014.[24][25][26] According to organisers, turnout was 63.2% (2.36 million voters) and 89.1% of participants (56.6 of all eligible voters) voted yes.[27][28] Several news sources, however, contested these results, saying that participants were at most 135,000 (3.6% of eligible voters) based on public independent web traffic statistics.[29][30][31] On 22 October 2017 an official autonomy referendum took place in Veneto: 57.2% of Venetians participated and 98.1% voted "yes". Administrative divisions[edit] Veneto
Veneto
is divided into 7 provinces and 581 municipalities.[9][32] Of the seven provinces of the region, the Province of Padua
Padua
is the most populous and has the greatest density, with 424.81 persons per km2, reaching 2268.58 in the city of Padua. In contrast the capital city, Venice, has a moderate density of 646.71.[32] The province of least density is Belluno
Belluno
(58.08), which is the largest in area and the most mountainous. Provinces[edit]

Veneto's provinces.

Province Abbrev. Area (km2) Population Density (inh./km2)

Belluno BL 3,678 213,059 57.9

Padova PD 2,141 905,112 422.8

Rovigo RO 1,789 245,598 137.3

Treviso TV 2,477 865,194 349.3

Venice VE 2,463 841,609 341.7

Verona VR 3,121 889,862 285.1

Vicenza VI 2,722 848,642 311.8

Largest municipalities[edit]

Pos. Municipality Inhabitants (inh.) Area (km2) Density (inh./km2) Elevation (m amsl) Province

1 Venice 268,741 412.54 651.4 1 VE

2 Verona 262,403 206.63 1,269.9 59 VR

3 Padua 209,696 92.85 2,258.4 12 PD

4 Vicenza 113,969 80.54 1,415.1 39 VI

5 Treviso 81,665 55.50 1,741.4 15 TV

6 Rovigo 51,378 108.55 473.3 6 RO

7 Chioggia 50,880 185.20 274.7 2 VE

8 Bassano del Grappa 42,237 46.79 902.7 129 VI

9 San Donà di Piave 41,827 78.73 505.2 3 VE

10 Schio 38,779 67.04 578.4 200 VI

Demographics[edit]

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1871 2,196,000 —    

1881 2,346,000 +6.8%

1901 2,580,000 +10.0%

1911 3,009,000 +16.6%

1921 3,319,000 +10.3%

1931 3,487,000 +5.1%

1936 3,566,000 +2.3%

1951 3,918,000 +9.9%

1961 3,847,000 −1.8%

1971 4,123,000 +7.2%

1981 4,345,000 +5.4%

1991 4,381,000 +0.8%

2001 4,528,000 +3.4%

2011 4,857,000 +7.3%

2017 4,907,529 +1.0%

Source: ISTAT 2011

The region has about 4.8 million inhabitants, ranking Veneto
Veneto
as the fifth most populated region in Italy. Veneto
Veneto
has one of the highest population densities among the Italian regions (265 inhabitants per km2 in 2008). This is particularly true in the provinces of Padua, Venice
Venice
and Treviso, where the inhabitants per km2 are above 300. Belluno
Belluno
is the least densely populated province, with 57 inhabitants per km2. Like the other regions of Northern Italy
Italy
and Central Italy, though with a certain time lag, Veneto
Veneto
has been experiencing a phase of very slow population growth caused by the dramatic fall in fertility. The overall population has so far been increasing – though only slightly – due to the net immigration started at the end of the 1980s, after more than 20 years of massive exodus from the poorer areas of the region. Nearly 3 million Venetians were forced to leave their country between 1861 and 1961 to escape poverty.[33] Many emigrated to Brazil
Brazil
and Argentina. After World War II
World War II
they moved to other European countries. In 2008, there were 260,849 Venetian citizens living outside of Italy (5.4% of the region's population), the largest number was found in Brazil, with 57,052 Venetians, followed by Switzerland
Switzerland
with 38,320 and Argentina
Argentina
with 31,823. There are several million people of Venetian descent around the world, particularly in Brazil, in the states of Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina and Paraná. Local names in Southern Brazil
Brazil
such as Nova Schio, Nova Bassano, Nova Bréscia, Nova Treviso, Nova Veneza, Nova Pádua and Monteberico indicate the Venetian origin of their inhabitants.[34] In recent years people of Venetian descent from Brazil
Brazil
and Argentina
Argentina
have been migrating to Italy.[35] Due to the impressive economic growth of the last two decades, Veneto has turned into a land of immigration and has been attracting more and more immigrants since the 1990s. In 2008 the Italian national institute of statistics ISTAT estimated that 403,985 foreign-born immigrants live in Veneto, equal to 8.3% of the total regional population.[36] Religion[edit]

St Mark's Basilica, the seat of the Patriarch
Patriarch
of Venice

Veneto
Veneto
converted to Christianity
Christianity
during Roman rule. The region venerates as its patrons the 2nd-century bishop St. Hermagoras and his deacon St. Fortunatus, both of Aquileia
Aquileia
and both martyrs. Aquileia became the metropolitan see of Venetia. Aquileia
Aquileia
had its own liturgical rites which were used throughout the dioceses of Veneto until the later Middle Ages
Middle Ages
when the Roman Rite
Roman Rite
replaced the Aquileian Rite. By the 6th century the bishop of Aquileia
Aquileia
claimed the title of patriarch. Rejection of the Second Council of Constantinople
Constantinople
(553) led to a schism wherein the bishops of Aquileia, Liguria, Aemilia, Milan and of the Istrian
Istrian
peninsula all refused to condemn the Three Chapters leading to the churches of Veneto
Veneto
to break communion with the Church of Rome.[37] The invasion of the non-Catholic Lombards
Lombards
in 568 only served to prolong the schism until 606 and then finally 699 when the Synod of Pavia definitively ended the schism.[38] In 2004 over 95% of the population claimed to be Roman Catholic. The region of Veneto
Veneto
along with the regions of Friuli
Friuli
and Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol form the ecclesiastical region of Triveneto under the Patriarchate
Patriarchate
of Venice. The Patriarchate
Patriarchate
of Venice
Venice
is an archdiocese and metropolitan see of an ecclesiastical region which includes suffragan episcopal sees of Adria-Rovigo, Belluno-Feltre, Chioggia, Concordia-Pordenone, Padua, Treviso, Verona, Vicenza, and Vittorio Veneto.[39] The Archdiocese of Venice
Venice
was elevated to an honorary Patriarchate
Patriarchate
by the pope on 8 October 1457 when the Patriarchate
Patriarchate
of Grado, a successor to the Patriarchate
Patriarchate
of Aquileia, was suppressed. The first patriarch of Venice
Venice
was St. Laurence, a nobleman of the Giustiniani family. During the 20th century the patriarchs were usually appointed cardinal, and three cardinal patriarchs, Giuseppe Sarto, Angelo Roncalli, and Albino Luciani, were elected pope: Pius X, John XXIII, and John Paul I, respectively. The Patriarchate
Patriarchate
of Venice
Venice
claims St. Mark the Evangelist
Mark the Evangelist
as its patron. The same saint, symbolised by a winged lion, had become the typical symbol of the Venetian Republic and is still represented on many civic symbols. Economy[edit] Under Austrian rule, Veneto's agriculturally based economy suffered, which later led to mass emigration. But, since the 1970s it has seen impressive development, thanks to the so-called " Veneto
Veneto
development model" that is characterised by strong export-oriented entrepreneurship in traditional economic sectors and close social cohesion[40] – making it actually the third richest region in terms of total GDP (€166.4 billion) after Lombardy
Lombardy
and Lazio.[41][42] Geography and historical events have determined the present social and economic structure of the region, centred on a broad belt running from east to west. The plain and the Alpine foothills
Alpine foothills
are the most developed areas in contrast to the Po delta and the mountainous areas, with the exception of the surroundings of Belluno. This is why the Alps
Alps
and the province of Rovigo
Rovigo
are suffering more than other areas, from a trend of declining and ageing population. Agriculture[edit] Though its importance has been decreasing for the past 20–30 years, agriculture continues to play a significant role in the regional economy. The agricultural sector of Veneto
Veneto
is among the most productive in Italy. However, it is still characterised by an intensive use of labour rather than capital, due to the specialisation in market gardening, fruit-growing and vine-growing throughout the plain and the foothills, requiring very much handicraft. In the south and in the extreme east of the region, grain crops are more common and land holdings are larger than in the rest of the region; mechanisation is more advanced here. The cattle stock, although declining, still represented 15% of the national stock.[43] Fishing
Fishing
is also still important in coastal areas. The main agricultural products include maize, green peas, vegetables, apples, cherries, sugar beets, forage, tobacco, hemp. Moreover, Veneto is one of Italy's most important wine-growing areas, producing wines, such as Prosecco, Valpolicella, and Soave. Overall, Veneto
Veneto
produces more bottles of DOC wine than any other area in Italy. The Amarone della Valpolicella, a wine from the hills around Verona, is made with high-selected grapes and is among the more expensive red wines in the world. Industry[edit] In the last 30–40 years industrialisation transformed the appearance of the landscape, especially in the plains. The regional industry is especially made of small and medium-sized businesses, which are active in several sectors: food products, wood and furniture, leather and footwear, textiles and clothing, gold jewelry, but also chemistry, metal-mechanics and electronics. This has led to the establishment of a strongly export-orientated system of industries. Typical of Veneto
Veneto
is the partition of the territory into industrial districts, which means that each area tends to specialise in a specific sector. The province of Venice
Venice
hosts large metallurgical and chemical plants in Marghera
Marghera
and Mestre, but is also specialised in glass handicraft (Murano). The province of Belluno
Belluno
hosts the so-called eyeglasses district, being the largest world manufacturer Luxottica
Luxottica
a firm domiciliated at Agordo. Fashion
Fashion
industry is extremely strong all over the region: Benetton, Sisley, Geox, Diesel, Replay are all Venetian brands. During the last 20 years, a large number of Venetian companies relocated their plants (especially the most dangerous and polluting productions) in Eastern Europe, especially Romania. The Romanian city of Timișoara
Timișoara
is also called "the newest Venetian province".[44] Tourism[edit]

The Punta San Vigilio on the Lake Garda

Although being a heavily industrialised region, tourism is one of its main economic resources; one-fifth of Italy's foreign tourism gravitates towards Veneto, which is the first region in Italy
Italy
in terms of tourist presence, attracting over 60 million visitors every year, second after Emilia-Romagna
Emilia-Romagna
in terms of hotel industry structures; the business volume of tourism in the Veneto
Veneto
is estimated to be in the vicinity of 12 billion Euros.[45] Statistics[edit] Historical GDP[edit] A table which shows Veneto's GDP growth:[46]

2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006

Gross Domestic Product (million €) 111,713.5 116,334.1 118,886.3 124,277.6 130,715.9 133,488.0 138,993.5

GDP per capita (PPP) (€) 24,842.9 25,742.2 26,108.2 26,957.1 27,982.2 28,286.7 29,225.5

Economic sectors[edit] The main sectors in the economy of Veneto
Veneto
are:

Economic activity GDP product % sector (region) % sector (Italy)

Primary (agriculture, farming, fishing) €2,303.3 1.66% 1.84%

Secondary (industry, processing, manufacturing) €34,673.6 24.95% 18.30%

Constructions €8,607.7 6.19% 5.41%

Tertiary (Commerce, hotels and restaurants, tourism, (tele)communications and transport) €28,865.8 20.77% 20.54%

Financial activities and real estate €31,499.4 22.66% 24.17%

Other types of services €19,517.2 14.04% 18.97%

VAT and taxes €13,526.4 9.73% 10.76%

GDP of Veneto €138,993.5

Culture[edit] Art and architecture[edit]

Kiss of Judas by Giotto, in Padua.

The Middle Ages
Middle Ages
stimulated the creation of monumental works such as the complex of churches on the island of Torcello, in the Venetian lagoon, with the Cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta founded in 639, its bell tower erected in the 11th century and the adjacent Martyrium of Santa Fosca built around the 1100, notable for the mosaics. They saw the construction of the Basilica of San Zeno Maggiore in Verona, which was Veneto's main centre for that esthetic movement and we note, by the mixture of styles that Verona
Verona
was an important crossroads to the north of Europe. Examples of Gothic art, in addition to the Venetian church of Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari
Frari
and that of Santi Giovanni e Paolo, are the Scaliger Tombs
Scaliger Tombs
in the historical centre of Verona. While in the Veneto
Veneto
Byzantine art was important, an element of innovation was brought to Padua
Padua
by Giotto, bearer of a new pictorial tradition: that of Tuscany. Towards the 1302 he was commissioned by Enrico Scrovegni
Enrico Scrovegni
to paint the family chapel, now known just by the name of Scrovegni Chapel, one of the most important artistic monuments of Padua
Padua
and Veneto. The influences of the contribution of Giotto
Giotto
were felt immediately, as in the frescoes of Giusto de' Menabuoi
Giusto de' Menabuoi
in the Baptistry
Baptistry
near the Cathedral of Padua
Padua
and those of Altichiero
Altichiero
in the Basilica of Saint Anthony.

Giorgione's The Tempest.

After a phase of development of Gothic art, with the creation of important works including the Ca' d'Oro
Ca' d'Oro
and the Doge's Palace
Doge's Palace
in Venice, and the churches of Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari
Frari
and of Saints John and Paul in Venice, the influence of the Renaissance ushered in a new era. In addition to Donatello, an important Venetian Renaissance
Renaissance
artist was Andrea Mantegna
Andrea Mantegna
(1431–1506), whose most important work in Veneto
Veneto
is perhaps the San Zeno Altarpiece, found in Verona. With the mainland expansion of the Venetian Republic
Venetian Republic
and the consolidation of its institutions, there was also an artistic development of exceptional stature: Mantegna, Vittore Carpaccio, Giovanni Bellini, Cima da Conegliano, Pordenone
Pordenone
laid the foundations for what would be the age of Venetian painting. Padua
Padua
was a cradle of the Venetian Renaissance, Where influences from Tuscany
Tuscany
and Umbria
Umbria
filtered north. Amongst the Renaissance
Renaissance
artists who worked there were Donatello, who worked on an altar of the Basilica of Saint Anthony, and Pisanello, whose works are mainly in Verona, for example, the fresco of Saint George
Saint George
in the Church of St. Anastasia.

The Prato della Valle
Prato della Valle
in Padua, a work of Italian Renaissance architecture.

In the first phase with Carpaccio and Bellini, the influences of international painting were still evident and the references to Flemish art
Flemish art
were numerous. Artists of the successive phase included Giorgione, Titian, Sebastiano del Piombo
Sebastiano del Piombo
and Lorenzo Lotto. Giorgione and Titian
Titian
developed an original and innovative style, which characterised the painters of the Venetian school rather than other traditions. Giorgione's enigmatic style infused his work with allegory, and he created his paintings with less reliance on a preparatory drawing than previous painters. This innovation was looking for the imitation of natural phenomena by creating atmospheres with the colours and shifting the emphasis from the pursuit of artistic perfection. The storm (1506–1508), now in the Accademia in Venice, is an example of this use of colour, where the mixture colour and texture continue indefinitely without preparatory drawing for the painting work gives a special atmosphere. Titian, born in Belluno
Belluno
Pieve di Cadore, brought forward the use of this technique without pictorial design, creating masterpieces such as the Assumption of the Virgin (1516–1518),[47] an altar made by imposing visible sizes on the main altar of the Basilica of Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari
Frari
in Venice, a work whose suggestion is due to the use of colour. At the end of his long life, he had acquired fame and commissions across the continent. Tintoretto
Tintoretto
(1518–1594) recast Roman Mannerism in a Venetian style, less linear, and with more use of colour to distinguish forms, highlighting the bright prospects for its operations, giving unusual deformations of perspective, to increase the sense of tension in the work.[48] His studio was prolific. Palaces and churches of Venice abound with his paintings. The Scuola Grande di San Rocco
Scuola Grande di San Rocco
alone sports 66 paintings by this painter. The San Giorgio Maggiore houses a huge canvas by him depicting the Last Supper. Paolo Veronese
Paolo Veronese
(1528–1588) was about as prolific as Tintoretto, with works that celebrated the Venetian state,[49] as well as decorating houses of Venetian nobles. He decorated large portions of the Palazzo Ducale and the decoration of many villas Palladian, including Villa Barbaro. Jacopo Bassano
Jacopo Bassano
(1517–1592) and Lorenzo Lotto
Lorenzo Lotto
were active in the mainland, and reflected some of the influences of Milanese painters with the introduction of images taken from real life, enriched by a touch of drama.

Villa
Villa
Cornaro.

In architecture, Andrea Palladio
Andrea Palladio
(1508–1580), born in Padua, completed some highly influential works, including Villas in the mainland, in Vicenza, Padua
Padua
and Treviso. In Venice, he designed the Basilica of San Giorgio Maggiore, the Il Redentore, and Zitelle
Zitelle
on the island of Giudecca. Palladian
Palladian
Villa
Villa
architecture, in masterpieces such as Villa
Villa
Emo, Villa
Villa
Barbaro, Villa
Villa
Capra, and Villa
Villa
Foscari, evoked the imagined grandeur of antique classical Roman villas. This aesthetic, through his publications, proved very popular and underwent a revival in the neoclassical period. In his villas, the owner shall permit the control over production activities of the surrounding countryside by structuring the functional parts, such as porch, close to the central body. In the case of Villa
Villa
Badoer, the open barn, formed by a large circular colonnade, enclosing the front yard in front of the villa allows you to create a space that recalls the ancient idea of the Forum Romanum, and bringing all campaign activities to gravitate in front of the villa itself.

Antonio Canova's Psyche Revived by Love's Kiss.

The research style of Palladio
Palladio
has created an architectural movement called Palladianism, which has had strong following in the next three centuries, inspiring architects, some of them his direct students, including Vincenzo Scamozzi, after the death of the teacher who completed several works, including the first Teatro Olimpico
Teatro Olimpico
in Vicenza.

The Church of Santa Maria della Salute
Santa Maria della Salute
in Venice

The 18th-century Venetian school comprises many artists. Important painters include Giambattista Tiepolo, his son Giandomenico, Giambattista Piazzetta, Niccolò Bambini, Pietro Longhi, Marco and Sebastiano Ricci, Sebastiano Bombelli, Gianantonio Fumiani, Gaspare Diziani, Rosalba Carriera, and the architect/painter Girolamo Mengozzi Colonna. Sculptors include Morlaiter, Filippo Parodi, Bernard Torretti
Bernard Torretti
and his nephew Giuseppe Torretti, and at the end of the republic Antonio Canova. Some other important artists are the architects Girolamo Frigimelica, Giorgio Massari, Scalfarotto, and Tommaso Temanza; the carver Andrea Brustolon; playwrights Carlo Goldoni
Carlo Goldoni
and Gaspare Gozzi; the poets Alessandro Labia and George Whisker; and composers Benedetto Marcello and Antonio Vivaldi. Giovanni Battista Tiepolo
Giovanni Battista Tiepolo
(1696–1770), described as "the greatest decorative painter of eighteenth-century Europe, as well as its most able craftsman."[50] was a painter and printmaker, who together with Giambattista Pittoni, Canaletto, Giovan Battista Piazzetta, Giuseppe Maria Crespi and Francesco Guardi
Francesco Guardi
formed the ultimate group of traditional great Venetian old master painters of that period. Perspective played a central role in Tiepolo's representations, and was forced beyond the usual limits in his ceiling decorations depicting levitating figures viewed from below. Another characteristic feature of Venetian art is landscape painting, which sees in Canaletto
Canaletto
(1697–1768) and Francesco Guardi (1712–1793) the two leading figures. Canaletto's rigorous perspective studies make for an almost "photographic" reality, in contrast to Guardi's more subjective capriccios. Antonio Canova
Antonio Canova
(1757–1822), born in Possagno, was the greatest of the neoclassical artists.[51] The Temple of Possagno, which he designed, financed, and partly-built himself,[52] is among landmarks of neo-classical architecture. His most important works include Psyche Revived by Love's Kiss and The Three Graces. After the fall of the Republic of Venice
Venice
in 1796, every city in Veneto created its own form of art. Important was, however, the role of Accademia di Belle Arti in Venice, who was able to attract many young artists from the surrounding territory. Among the many artists which were important in modern ages were Guglielmo Ciardi, who incorporated the experience of macchiaioli movement, uniting the typical colour of the classic Venetian school, and yet bringing out from his paintings a chromatic essence, Giacomo Favretto, who too as Ciardi, enhanced the colour, which was sometimes very pronounced, painter Frederick Zandomeneghi, who deviates from the tradition of Venetian colouring to venture in a style similar to French impressionism, and finally Luigi Nono, whose works feel realistic, even if, in addition to painting genre scenes, includes portraits of finity for psychological enhancement. Education[edit] Veneto
Veneto
hosts one of the oldest universities in the world, the University
University
of Padua, founded in 1222. OECD investigations[53] show that school education achievements in North-Eastern Italy
Italy
(whose population comes mainly from Veneto) are the highest in Italy. In 2003 the university had approximately 65,000 students. Language[edit] Main article: Venetian language Most of the people of Veneto
Veneto
speak standard Italian. However, there is widespread usage of Venetian language. Venetian dialects are classified as a Western Romance language. Scholars distinguish between an Eastern or Coastal (Venice) group, a Central (Padua, Vicenza, Polesine) group, a Western (Verona) group, a North-Central (Treviso) group, and a Northern (Belluno, Feltre, Agordo, Cadore, Zoldo Alto) group of dialects. All dialects are mutually intelligible to varying degrees. Venetian is descended from Vulgar Latin
Latin
and influenced by the Italian language. Venetian is attested as a written language in the 13th century. The Venetian language
Venetian language
enjoyed substantial prestige in the days of the Venetian Republic, when it attained the status of a lingua franca in the Mediterranean. Notable Venetian-language authors include the playwrights Ruzante (1502–1542), Carlo Goldoni
Carlo Goldoni
(1707–1793) and Carlo Gozzi
Carlo Gozzi
(1720–1806). The Ladin language
Ladin language
is spoken in parts of the province of Belluno, especially in the municipalities of Cortina d'Ampezzo, Livinallongo del Col di Lana and Colle Santa Lucia, while Cimbrian is spoken in two villages (Roana and Giazza respectively) of the Seven Communities
Seven Communities
and the Thirteen Communities. These are two historical groups of villages of Cimbric origin, which for a long time formed two distinct "commonwealths" under the rule of the Republic of Venice, among others. Furthermore, in the area around Portogruaro
Portogruaro
people speak Furlan. As the region does not enjoy a special status of autonomy, minority languages are not granted any form of recognition. A motion to recognise Venetian as an official regional language has been approved by the regional Parliament.[54] Literature[edit] Main article: Venetian literature Venetian literature is the corpus of literature in Venetian, the vernacular language of the region which roughly corresponding to Venice
Venice
from the 12th century. The Venetian literature, after an initial period of splendour in the 16th century with the success of artists such as Ruzante, reaches its maximum zenith in the 18th century, thanks to its maximum exponent, dramatist Carlo Goldoni. Subsequently, the literary production in Venetian undergoes a period of decline following the collapse of the Republic of Venice, succeeding anyway during the 20th century to reach peaks with wonderful lyrical poets such as Biagio Marin
Biagio Marin
of Grado. Cuisine[edit] Main article: Venetian cuisine

A Golden bottle of Prosecco

Cuisine is an important part of the culture of Veneto, and the region is home to some of the most recognisable dishes, desserts and wines in Italian, European and worldwide cuisine. Wines and drinks[edit] Main article: Veneto
Veneto
wine Veneto
Veneto
is an important wine-growing area producing: Soave, Bardolino, Recioto, Amarone, Torcolato, Prosecco, Tocai Rosso, Garganega, Valpolicella, Verduzzo, Raboso, Moscato, Cabernet Franc, Pinot Nero, Pinot Grigio, and Merlot. Homemade wine making is widespread. After making wine, the alcohol of the pressed grapes is distilled to produce grappa or graspa, as it is called in the local language. Prosecco
Prosecco
is a dry sparkling wine.[55][56] It is made from a variety of white grape of the same name, which is traditionally grown in an area near Conegliano
Conegliano
and Valdobbiadene, in the hills north of Treviso.[55] The name of Prosecco
Prosecco
is derived from the northern Italian village of Prosecco
Prosecco
(Trieste), where this grape variety is believed to have originated.[56][57] Spritz, in the Venetian language
Venetian language
also called "spriss" or "spriseto" depending on the area, usually consists of ⅓ sparkling wine and ⅔ Aperol. Campari or gin may also be used. Cheeses[edit]

Asiago cheese
Asiago cheese
and crackers

Cheeses of Veneto
Veneto
include: Asiago (PDO), Piave (PDO), Monte Veronese (PDO), Morlacco, Grana Padano
Grana Padano
(PDO). Salamis and meats[edit] The sopressa vicentina (PDO) is an aged salami, cylindrical in shape and prepared with raw, quality pork meat. It may or may not include garlic in its ingredients and comes in medium and large sizes. Prosciutto
Prosciutto
Veneto
Veneto
Berico-Euganeo (PDO) is obtained from the fresh meat of a top breed of adult hogs. The aroma is delicate, sweet and fragrant. Vegetables[edit] Radicchio
Radicchio
rosso di Treviso
Treviso
(PGI) is a peculiar vegetable with a faintly bitter taste and a crunchy texture. The production area encompasses many town districts in the provinces of Treviso, Padua
Padua
and Venice. The radicchio Variegato di Castelfranco (PGI) has a delicate and slightly sweet taste and a crunchy texture. Veronese Vialone Nano Rice from Verona
Verona
(PGI) is a type of rice with short, plump grains, which have a creamy consistency when cooked. They are commonly used in risotto dishes and have a high starch content. The Bean
Bean
of Lamon
Lamon
(PGI) is particularly prized for its delicate flavour and extremely tender skin. The White Asparagus
Asparagus
of Cimadolmo
Cimadolmo
(PGI) has a characteristic scent and a very delicate taste. The White Asparagus
Asparagus
of Bassano is a typical product of the northern part of the province of Vicenza. The San Zeno di Montagna
San Zeno di Montagna
(Verona) chestnut has Protected Geographical Status. Desserts[edit]

A slice of tiramisù

Tiramisù
Tiramisù
(a dessert made from mascarpone, coffee, Marsala wine, savoiardi and chocolate) originates from Veneto.[58][59][60] Festivals[edit] Each town, often every quarter, has its patron saint whose feast day is solemnly celebrated. Many other festivals are closely linked to the religious calendar. Among these:

Carnival of Venice
Venice
celebrated the Tuesday before Ash Wednesday; Panevin celebrated around Epiphany; Pasqua ( Easter
Easter
Sunday); Saint Mark's feast day (25 April); La Sensa (Ascension Thursday); San Giovanni Battista (24 June); La festa del Redentór (mid July); Vendemmia (grape harvest in September); San Nicolò de Bari (St. Nicholas, 6 December); Nadàl (Christmas)

Music[edit] Main articles: Music of Veneto
Music of Veneto
and Music of Venice Veneto, and in particular Venice
Venice
and Verona, are important Italian musical centres, home to a vibrant musical life. The city of Venice
Venice
in Italy
Italy
has played an important role in the development of the music of Italy. The Venetian state—i.e. the medieval Maritime Republic of Venice—was often popularly called the "Republic of Music", and an anonymous Frenchman of the 17th century is said to have remarked that "In every home, someone is playing a musical instrument or singing. There is music everywhere."[61] In Padova, musical ensembles such as the Amici della Musica di Padova, the Solisti Veneti and the Padova- Veneto
Veneto
Symphony are found. Concerts are often held in the historic Loggia Comaro, built in 1524. As well, the city is the site of the Teatro delle Maddalene, the Teatro delle Grazie, the Giuseppe Verdi
Giuseppe Verdi
Theater, and the Cesare Pollini music conservatory. Rovigo
Rovigo
is the site of the Teatro Sociale, built in 1819. In the 20th century it was the venue for the career beginnings of Tullio Serafin, Beniamino Gigli
Beniamino Gigli
and Renata Tebaldi. The town of Rovigo
Rovigo
is also the site of the Francesco Vanezza music conservatory. The city of Verona
Verona
is the site of the Roman amphitheater known as the "Arena" which has been hosting musical events since the 16th century, but more recently the spectacular outdoor staging of Verdi's Aida, an event staged for the first time in 1913. The city also has the Felice Evaristo Dall'Abaco music conservatory; Musicians and composers[edit]

Antonio Salieri

Antonio Vivaldi

Claudio Monteverdi
Claudio Monteverdi
(1567–1643), composer, opera pioneer, and director of music at San Marco Alessandro Marcello
Alessandro Marcello
(1669–1747) was a nobleman, poet, philosopher, mathematician and musician. Tomaso Albinoni
Tomaso Albinoni
(1671–1751) was a composer and violinist of the Baroque period. Antonio Vivaldi
Antonio Vivaldi
(1678–1741) was a violinist and composer of Baroque music. Benedetto Marcello
Benedetto Marcello
(1686–1739) was a composer, writer, advocate, magistrate, and teacher. Baldassare Galuppi
Baldassare Galuppi
(1706–1785) was a composer and organist. Antonio Salieri
Antonio Salieri
(1750–1825) was a conductor and composer of sacred, classical and opera music. Mario Brunello
Mario Brunello
(1960 – ) is a renowned worldwide cellist and musician. Jacopo Foroni a Venetian musician from Valeggio sul Mincio, in the province of Verona. Luigi Nono (1924–1990) was a contemporary music composer. Giuseppe Sinopoli
Giuseppe Sinopoli
(1946–2001) was a conductor, composer and Italian essayist. Rondo Veneziano are an Italian musical ensemble that mixes Baroque music with pop music and rock. Calicanto is a folk group, which incorporates themes of the Venetian tradition in their work.

See also Main article: List of people from Veneto Theatres[edit]

Teatro La Fenice

The Arena of Verona

Teatro Salieri

Teatro La Fenice
Teatro La Fenice
is the main opera house of Venice. Repeatedly destroyed by fire and later rebuilt, it is home to an important opera season and to the International Festival of contemporary music. Teatro La Fenice in Venice
Venice
was designed in 1790 by Gian Antonio Selva
Gian Antonio Selva
for the society of the Venetian artistocracy, and the Venetian Theatre
Theatre
was built rapidly despite the many controversies about its location and its rational structure and neoclassical style. Teatro Malibran
Teatro Malibran
is a Venetian theatre. In the 17th and 18th centuries it bore the name of Theater St. John Chrysostom. Teatro Stabile del Veneto
Veneto
"Carlo Goldoni" corresponds to the ancient Teatro Vendramin, also known as San Salvador or San Luke, and was opened in 1622. The Teatro Carlo Goldoni
Carlo Goldoni
is located in the vicinity of the Rialto bridge, in the historical centre of Venice. It is a film set, with rooms structured in four tiers of boxes, stalls and galleries. With a total of 800 seats, the stage is off 12 Underground and 11.20 deep and is framed in iron. The Teatro Goldoni season hosts Prose organised by the Teatro Stabile del Veneto
Veneto
"Carlo Goldoni", the review of Children's Theatre, opera, concerts, ballets and other events in the concession. Teatro Verdi (Padua) is the main theatre in Padua. Commissioned by a society formed specifically for the purpose of establishing a major theatre in the city, it was built by the Paduan architect Giovanni Gloria (c.1684–1753) to designs by Antonio Cugini (1677–1765), an architect from Reggio Emilia. It opened in 1751, and was known as the Teatro Nuovo until 1884. Substantial restoration work was carried out in 1847, 1884 and 1920. Currently the Teatro Verdi is the operational headquarters of the Teatro Stabile del Veneto. Teatro Olimpico
Teatro Olimpico
is a theatre designed by the Renaissance
Renaissance
architect Andrea Palladio
Andrea Palladio
in 1580 and located in Vicenza. It is generally considered the first example of a modern indoor theatre set. The realisation of the theatre, in a pre-existing medieval complex, was commissioned by the Olympic Palladio
Palladio
for the staging of classical plays. Its construction began in 1580 and was inaugurated on 3 March 1585, after the realisation of the stationery scenes of Vincenzo Scamozzi. These wooden structures are the only of the Renaissance
Renaissance
to be extant, however, they are still excellent condition. The theatre is still the seat of performances and concerts and has been included in 1994 in the list of World Heritage Sites' s UNESCO, as other works by Palladio
Palladio
to Vicenza. Philharmonic Theater (Verona) is the main opera house of Verona. It is owned by the Accademia Filarmonica di Verona, since its foundation, but is used by the foundation of the Arena as the site of the opera season in winter. Roman Theatre
Theatre
of Verona
Verona
is Verona's main arena, located in the northern part of the city at the foot of Colle San Pietro. This theatre was built at the end of BC, a period in which Verona
Verona
has seen from the monumental St. Peter of the hill. Before, it was built between the Stone Bridge and Gates of the embankments, which were built on Tyrol parallel to the theatre itself, in order to defend against the possible flooding of river. It is considered the largest Roman theatre in the north of Italy. Today it is used for theatrical and operatic productions during the summer. Teatro Salieri

Tourism[edit] Cities[edit]

Venice: Venice
Venice
and its lagoon are listed as World Heritage Sites by UNESCO. Padua: also known as the "City of the Saint"; the Orto botanico di Padova
Padova
is on UNESCO's list of World Heritage Sites. Verona: The city of Shakespeare's lovers: Romeo and Juliet. Verona
Verona
has been named a UNESCO
UNESCO
world heritage site. Vicenza
Vicenza
is on UNESCO's list of World Heritage Sites, together with a number of the Palladian
Palladian
Villas. Belluno
Belluno
the capital of the Dolomites, the bell tower was designed by Filippo Juvarra. Montagnana
Montagnana
is a municipality in the province of Padova
Padova
with perfectly conserved medieval walls. Bassano del Grappa
Bassano del Grappa
with its Ponte degli Alpini
Alpini
on the river Brenta, designed in 1569 by Andrea Palladio. Marostica : The 'Chess Game' is the most important event of the town, taking place on the second weekend of September, involves over 550 participants and lasts two hours. Asolo
Asolo
is known as 'The Pearl of province of Treviso', and also as 'The City of a Hundred Horizons'. Este : The House of Este
House of Este
held the city until 1240, when they moved their capital to Ferrara. Arquà Petrarca : this village on the Euganean hills features the tomb and house of Francesco Petrarca, one of the most important Italian poets of the 14th century.

UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Sites[edit]

UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Sites[62]

Name and description Image

L'Orto Botanico di Padova Inserted by UNESCO
UNESCO
in 1997. It is the world's oldest academic botanical garden that is still in its original location. (Officially, the oldest university botanical garden is the Orto botanico di Pisa, which was founded in 1544; however, that garden was relocated twice and has only occupied its current, and now-permanent, location since 1591.) It is located in Padua, Italy
Italy
and was founded in 1545. The garden, affiliated with the University
University
of Padua, currently covers roughly 22,000 square metres (240,000 square feet) and has special collections.

L'Orto Botanico di Padova

Verona Verona
Verona
was inscribed in the year 2000. One of the seven provincial capitals in the region. It is one of the main tourist destinations in north-eastern Italy, thanks to its artistic heritage, several annual fairs, shows and operas, such as the lyrical season in the Arena, the ancient amphitheatre built by the Romans.

Verona

Vicenza The city and the Palladian Villas of Veneto
Palladian Villas of Veneto
were inscribed in 1994. Vicenza
Vicenza
is a thriving and cosmopolitan city, with a rich history and culture, and many museums, art galleries, piazzas, villas, churches and elegant, Renaissance
Renaissance
palazzi. The Palladian
Palladian
Villas of Veneto, in the surrounding area, and the renowned Teatro Olimpico
Teatro Olimpico
(Olympic Theatre) have both been enlisted as UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Sites since 1994.[63]

The Palazzo Chiericati
Palazzo Chiericati
in Vicenza

Venice The city and its lagoon were inscribed in 1987. With a population of 271,367 (census estimate 1 January 2004). Together with Padua, the city is included in the Padua- Venice
Venice
Metropolitan Area (population 1,600,000). The city historically was the capital of an independent nation. Venice
Venice
has been known as the "La Dominante", "Serenissima", "Queen of the Adriatic", "City of Water", "City of Bridges", "City of Canals" and "The City of Light". Luigi Barzini, writing in The New York Times, described it as "undoubtedly the most beautiful city built by man".[64] Venice
Venice
has also been described by the Times Online as being one of Europe's most romantic cities.[65]

San Giorgio island, Venice

Dolomites They were inscribed in 2009. They are located for the most part in the province of Belluno, the rest in South Tyrol
South Tyrol
and Trentino
Trentino
(all in north-eastern Italy). Conventionally they extend from the Adige
Adige
river in the west to the Piave valley (Pieve di Cadore) in the east. The northern and southern borders are defined by the Puster Valley
Puster Valley
and the Sugana Valley (Val Sugana). But the Dolomites
Dolomites
spread also over the Piave river (Dolomiti d'Oltrepiave) to the east; and far away over the Adige
Adige
river to the west is the Brenta Group (Western Dolomites); there is also another smaller group called Piccole Dolomiti (Small Dolomites) located between the Provinces of Trento and Vicenza
Vicenza
(see the map).

Il Pomagagnon

Palladian
Palladian
Villas of Veneto[edit]

Villa
Villa
Barbaro

The Villa Capra
Villa Capra
"La Rotonda"

Villa
Villa
Badoer

Villa
Villa
Malcontenta

Villa
Villa
Pisani (Bagnolo)

Vicenza
Vicenza
and the Palladian Villas of Veneto
Palladian Villas of Veneto
are a number of beautiful Palladian
Palladian
villas which are World Heritage Sites. UNESCO
UNESCO
inscribed the site on the World Heritage List
World Heritage List
in 1994.[66] At first the site was called "Vicenza, City of Palladio" and only buildings in the immediate area of Vicenza
Vicenza
were included. Various types of buildings were represented including the Teatro Olimpico, palazzi and a few villas. Most of Palladio's surviving villas lay outside the site. However, in 1996 the number of Palladian
Palladian
villas included in the site was expanded to include those in other parts of Veneto. The site was given its present name. The term villa was used to describe a country house. Often rich families in Veneto
Veneto
also had a house in town called a palazzo. In most cases the owners named their palazzi and villas with the family surname, hence there is both a Palazzo Chiericati
Palazzo Chiericati
in Vicenza
Vicenza
and a Villa
Villa
Chiericati in the countryside, similarly there is a Palazzo Foscari in Venice
Venice
and a Villa Foscari
Villa Foscari
in the countryside. Somewhat confusingly there are multiple Villas Pisani, including two by Palladio. There are these sorts of villas all over the Venetian plain, but especially in the provinces of Treviso, Padua, Vicenza
Vicenza
and Venice. The date of construction of these villas ranges from the 15th to the 19th century. There are approximately five thousand Ville Venete, of which 1,400 are declared of historical and monumental interest. Apart from the numerous Palladian
Palladian
villas, of which 24 are protected by UNESCO, there are many beautiful villas spread across Veneto, mainly from the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries. Many of them are museums, public institutions or private residences. The 24 Palladian
Palladian
villas which are part of UNESCO:

Villa
Villa
Almerico Capra, also called "La Rotonda" (Vicenza) Villa
Villa
Gazzotti Grimani (Vicenza, but in the village of Bertesina) Villa
Villa
Angarano, also known as Villa
Villa
Bianchi Michiel (Bassano del Grappa
Grappa
VI) Villa
Villa
Caldogno
Caldogno
( Caldogno
Caldogno
VI) Villa
Villa
Chiericati (Vancimuglio di Grumolo delle Abbadesse
Grumolo delle Abbadesse
VI) Villa
Villa
Forni Cerato ( Montecchio Precalcino
Montecchio Precalcino
VI) Villa
Villa
Godi (Lonedo di Lugo di Vicenza) Villa
Villa
Pisani (Bagnolo di Lonigo
Lonigo
VI) Villa
Villa
Pojana ( Poiana Maggiore
Poiana Maggiore
VI) Villa
Villa
Saraceno ( Agugliaro
Agugliaro
VI) Villa
Villa
Thiene ( Quinto Vicentino
Quinto Vicentino
VI) Villa
Villa
Trissino (Meledo di Sarego
Sarego
VI) Villa
Villa
Trissino (Vicenza, in Cricoli) Villa
Villa
Valmarana (Lisiera di Bolzano Vicentino
Bolzano Vicentino
VI) Villa
Villa
Valmarana (Vigardolo di Monticello Conte Otto
Monticello Conte Otto
VI) Villa
Villa
Piovene (Lugo di Vicenza
Vicenza
VI) Villa
Villa
Badoer, called "La Badoera" ( Fratta Polesine
Fratta Polesine
RO) Villa Barbaro ( Maser
Maser
TV) Villa Emo
Villa Emo
( Vedelago
Vedelago
TV) Villa
Villa
Zeno ( Cessalto
Cessalto
TV) Villa
Villa
Foscari, called La Malcontenta ( Mira
Mira
VE) Villa
Villa
Pisani ( Montagnana
Montagnana
PD) Villa Cornaro
Villa Cornaro
( Piombino Dese
Piombino Dese
PD) Villa
Villa
Serego (Santa Sofia di Pedemonte
Pedemonte
VI)

Amongst these, Villa
Villa
Trissino (Cricoli) is not regarded a Palladian villa, but is also an important country house. Parks[edit]

Dolomiti Bellunesi National Park
Dolomiti Bellunesi National Park
is situated in the southern section of the Province of Belluno. Cansiglio
Cansiglio
is a pre-alpine massif located in the north-eastern Veneto in the provinces of Treviso
Treviso
and Belluno.

Lakes[edit] The area of Lake Garda
Lake Garda
is a major tourist destination. Various towns along the lake, such as Lazise, Cisano, Bardolino, Garda (VR), Torri del Benaco and Malcesine, are resorts. Mountains[edit]

The mount Antelao

Lastoi de Formin (Cadore)

The begin of Strada delle 52 Gallerie

A trait that shows the structure of the Calà del Sasso

Cortina d'Ampezzo, it is situated in the province of Belluno
Belluno
and is one of the most exclusive mountain locations in Europe
Europe
together with Kitzbühel in Austria
Austria
and St. Moritz
St. Moritz
in Switzerland. It was scene of the 1956 Winter Olympics. To the north there are the Tre Cime di Lavaredo, said to be a symbol of the Italian Dolomites. Arabba lies between the Sella group
Sella group
and the Marmolada. Auronzo is in the upper Cadore. Sappada
Sappada
is in the extreme north of the region. Other carateristical places are:

Mount Pasubio
Pasubio
and Strada delle 52 Gallerie
Strada delle 52 Gallerie
(a military mule built during World War I
World War I
with 52 tunnels) Altopiano di Asiago
Altopiano di Asiago
and Calà del Sasso, with 4444 steps, the world's longest staircase open to the public.

Thermal baths[edit] The thermal baths of Abano Terme
Abano Terme
are an important tourist attraction. Montegrotto Terme
Montegrotto Terme
and Recoaro Terme
Recoaro Terme
are other resorts. Beaches[edit] Venice's Lido is an 18-kilometre long sandbar, visited by many tourists every summer. Jesolo
Jesolo
is one of the most important seaside resorts on the Adriatic coast, just a few kilometres far from Venice. Every year Jesolo
Jesolo
gives accommodation to over 4.5 million tourists. Caorle
Caorle
has often received awards for one of the cleanest beaches in Italy. Bibione, Eraclea
Eraclea
and Sottomarina
Sottomarina
are resorts too. Albarella island is a private island on the Lido. Alberoni Beach is set in a nature reserve. Notable people[edit] Main article: List of people from Veneto References[edit] Bibliography[edit]

Butterfield, Andrew (2007-04-26). "Brush with Genius". New York Review of Books. NYREV, Inc. 54 (7). Archived from the original on 16 April 2007. Retrieved 2007-04-18.  Carlo Ridolfi, La Vita di Giacopo Robusti (A Life of Tintoretto) 1642 Rosand, David, Painting
Painting
in Sixteenth-Century Venice: Titian, Veronese, Tintoretto, 2nd edition, 1997, Cambridge UP ISBN 0521565685 Levey, Michael (1980). Painting
Painting
in Eighteenth-Century Venice
Venice
(revised ed.). Cornell University
University
Press. pp. 225–230. 

Notes[edit]

^ "Statistiche demografiche ISTAT". Demo.istat.it. Retrieved 2010-04-24.  ^ "Eurostat – Tables, Graphs and Maps Interface (TGM) table". Epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu. 2011-03-11. Retrieved 2011-06-03.  ^ "Regional GDP per inhabitant in 2008 GDP per inhabitant ranged from 28% of the EU27 average in Severozapaden in Bulgaria to 343% in Inner London". Europa.eu. 2011-02-24. Archived from the original on 2012-02-12. Retrieved 2012-05-06.  ^ Veneto. Collins American English Dictionary. Retrieved 21 October 2012. ^ Veneto. Collins English Dictionary. Retrieved 21 October 2012. ^ Venetia. Oxford Dictionary. Retrieved 21 October 2012. ^ "Consiglio Regionale Veneto
Veneto
– Leggi Regionali". Consiglioveneto.it. Retrieved 2010-04-24.  ^ "Statistiche demografiche ISTAT". Demo.istat.it. Retrieved 2010-04-24.  ^ a b " Veneto
Veneto
in numbers: statistics pocket-guide: Year 2007". Regione del Veneto
Veneto
Department for Statistics. 2008. Archived from the original on 10 July 2009. Retrieved 9 June 2009.  ^ Claudio Azzara, Venetiae: Determinazione di in' area regionale fra antichita e alto antichità e alto medioevo, (Edizioni Fondazione Benetton Studi Ricerche: Treviso, 2002), 22-24. ^ Claudio Azzara, Venetiae: Determinazione di in' area regionale fra antichita e alto antichità e alto medioevo, (Edizioni Fondazione Benetton Studi Ricerche: Treviso, 2002), 31-35. ^ Ettore Beggiato, 1809: l'insorgenza veneta – La lotta contro Napoleone nella Terra di san Marco, Il Cerchio, 2009 ^ Cunsolo, Ronald S, " Venice
Venice
and the Revolution of 1848–49", Encyclopaedia of Revolutions of 1848, Ohio University, retrieved 22 November 2008  ^ Genova Giovanni Thaon di Revel, La cessione del Veneto. Ricordi di un commissario piemontese incaricato alle trattative, Lumachi, Florence
Florence
1906 ^ Ettore Beggiato, 1866: la grande truffa, Editoria Universitaria, 1999 ^ Giampaolo Borsetto, Venezia 1866: el grande inbrogio. El plebisito de l'anexion a l'Italia, Raixe Venete, Treviso
Treviso
2006 ^ Gabriele Riondato, Storia del Veneto, 2000 Archived 20 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "FASCISMO: E IL DUCE DISSE, NON SI SCRIVA IN ROMANESCO". adnkronos.com.  ^ "Consiglio Regionale Veneto
Veneto
– Leggi Regionali". Consiglioveneto.it. Retrieved 2009-05-06.  ^ Putnam, R. D. Making Democracy Work. Civic traditions in modern Italy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University
University
Press, 1993. ^ "Consiglio Regionale Veneto
Veneto
– Sala stampa". consiglioveneto.it.  ^ "Consiglio Regionale Veneto
Veneto
– Progetti di legge e proposte". consiglioveneto.it.  ^ "Consiglio Regionale Veneto
Veneto
– Sala stampa". consiglioveneto.it.  ^ Bonet, Marco. ""Indipendenza, 700 mila voti" Scontro sul referendum digitale". corriere.it.  ^ " Venice
Venice
votes on splitting from Rome". 16 March 2014 – via www.bbc.com.  ^ "Venetians vote to say arrivederci to Italy
Italy
– The Times". thetimes.co.uk.  ^ "REFERENDUM DI INDIPENDENZA DEL VENETO: I RISULTATI". plebiscito.eu. 22 March 2014.  ^ " Veneto
Veneto
Libero, Indipendente (nella Nato in Europa e con l'Euro.... Il Problema è lo STATO ITALIANO) – Rischio Calcolato". rischiocalcolato.it. 22 March 2014.  ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20140408230444/http://www.lastampa.it/2014/03/28/italia/politica/voti-gonfiati-al-referendum-veneto-un-elettore-su-collegato-dal-cile-cDjSEfUClLfYaXGccql3GN/pagina.html. Archived from the original on April 8, 2014. Retrieved April 7, 2014.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ Antonini, Alessio. "Numeri falsi, i counter confermano "Il 10 per cento dei voti dal Cile"". corriere.it.  ^ "Il referendum Veneto
Veneto
e quegli strani accessi da Santiago del Cile". ilgiornale.it.  ^ a b "Appendice: Tavole anagrafiche: Tavola I – Comuni del Veneto: superficie, densità, altimetria, zona altimetrica, aggregazione territoriale (Ulss, Stl, Comunità montane): 2007" (in Italian). Regione del Veneto
Veneto
Sistema Statistico Regionale. 2008. Archived from the original on 1 June 2009. Retrieved 9 June 2009.  ^ "L'EMIGRAZIONE VENETA NEL RAPPORTO 2007 DELLA MIGRANTES PRESENTATO OGGI A VENEZIA" (PDF). Editrice SOGEDI s.r.l. – Reg. Trib. Roma n°15771/75. Retrieved 2010-01-25.  ^ "ITALIANI ALL'ESTERO – PROGETTO "STORIE DI GENTE VENETA NEL MONDO". DAL RAPPORTO MIGRANTES ITALIANI NEL MONDO 2008: 260.849 I VENETI NEL MONDO". Italiannetwork.it. Retrieved 2010-04-24.  ^ "Museo Nazionale Emigrazione Italiana". Museonazionaleemigrazione.it. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 2010-04-24.  ^ Vincenzo Patruno; Marina Venturi; Silvestro Roberto. "Demo-Geodemo. – Mappe, Popolazione, Statistiche Demografiche dell'ISTAT". Demo.istat.it. Retrieved 2009-05-06.  ^  Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Councils of Aquileia". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.  ^ Nicholas Everett (2003), Literacy in Lombard Italy, c. 568–774 (Cambridge), 286. ^ "Triveneto Region". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.  ^ "Eurostat". Circa.europa.eu. Archived from the original on 2007-08-05. Retrieved 2009-05-06.  ^ Eurostat News Release 19/2008: Regional GDP per inhabitant in the EU 2/ ^ "Microsoft Word - 19-2008 - de - ins.doc" (PDF). Retrieved 2009-07-08.  ^ "Eurostat". Circa.europa.eu. Archived from the original on 2013-05-26. Retrieved 2013-03-12.  ^ "Timişoara, la nuova provincia industriale veneta". Archiviostorico.corriere.it. 2007-01-02. Archived from the original on 6 December 2008. Retrieved 2009-05-06.  ^ "Comunicato Nr 294 – Sito Ufficiale della Regione Veneto". Regione.veneto.it. 2008-02-22. Retrieved 2009-05-06. [dead link] ^ "Dato ISTAT". Archived from the original on 2008-03-09. Retrieved 2008-09-22.  ^ "Date of Completion". Retrieved 2011-01-24.  ^ Zuffi, Stefano (2004). One Thousand Years of Painting. Milan, Italy: Electa. p. 427.  ^ Rosand, 107 ^ Levey 1980, p. 193. ^ "Neo-Classical", The Dictionary of Art: volume XXII, ed. Jane Turner, in thirty-four volumes, 1996. Grove's Dictionaries Inc., New York, 1998. Print. ^ Jean Martineau & Andrew Robinson, The Glory of Venice: Art in the Eighteenth Century. Yale University
University
Press, 1994. Print. ^ Oecd-Pisa 2005, Il livello di competenza dei quindicenni italiani in matematica, lettura, scienze e problem solving – Prima sintesi dei risultati di Pisa 2003, pag.7, also available on www.invalsi.it Archived 2007-08-13 at the Wayback Machine.; see also lavoce.info, La scuola non è uguale per tutti ^ "Consiglio Regionale Veneto
Veneto
– Leggi Regionali". Consiglioveneto.it. Retrieved 2009-05-06.  ^ a b DuBose, Fred; Spingarn, Evan; Maniscalco, Nancy (2005). The Ultimate Wine Lover's Guide 2006. Sterling Publishing Company, Inc.,. p. 196. ISBN 1-4027-2815-8.  ^ a b Kinssies, Richard, Seattle Post-Intelligencer (10 July 2002). "On Wine: Proseccos sparkle on their own terms". Retrieved 2008-12-29.  ^ Cortese, Amy, The New York Times
The New York Times
(26 December 2008). "Italian Makers of Prosecco
Prosecco
Seek Recognition". Retrieved 2008-12-28.  ^ Giovanni Capnist (1983). I Dolci Del Veneto. ISBN 88-7021-239-4.  ^ Tina & Fernando Raris (1998). La marca gastronomica. ISBN 88-87061-55-6.  ^ Black, Jane (2007-07-11). "The Trail of Tiramisu". The Washington Post. Retrieved 11 July 2007.  ^ Touring Club p. 79 ^ "World Heritage Centre – World Heritage List". Whc.unesco.org. Retrieved 2010-01-25.  ^ Moretti, John (2008-06-16). Frommer's Northern Italy: Including ... – Google Books. Books.google.co.uk. ISBN 978-0-470-18193-5. Retrieved 2010-01-25.  ^ Barzini, Luigi (1982-05-30). "The Most Beautiful City In The World – The". New York Times. Retrieved 2009-03-28.  ^ Europe's most romantic city breaks Archived June 29, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. ^ " UNESCO
UNESCO
World heritage site number 712". Whc.unesco.org. Retrieved 2010-04-24. 

Further reading[edit]

Roy Domenico (2002). "Veneto". Regions of Italy: a Reference Guide to History
History
and Culture. Greenwood. pp. 367+. ISBN 0313307334. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Veneto.

Look up Veneto
Veneto
in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Geographic data related to Veneto
Veneto
at OpenStreetMap Map of Veneto Venice
Venice
and Veneto
Veneto
in the Words of Great North American Travelers

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 152391730 LCCN: n79054010 ISNI: 0000 0001 2369 6475 GND: 4062510-2 SUDOC: 075524848

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Coordinates: 45°44′00″N 11°51′00″E / 45.73333°N 11.85000°E /

.