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The Venerable
Venerable
is used as a style or epithet in several Christian churches. It is also the common English-language translation of a number of Buddhist
Buddhist
titles, and is used as a word of praise in some cases.

Contents

1 Christianity

1.1 Roman Catholic 1.2 Anglican 1.3 Eastern Orthodoxy

2 Buddhism 3 See also 4 References

Christianity[edit] Roman Catholic[edit] Main article: List of venerable people (Roman Catholic)

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Blessed Venerable

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In the Latin Church
Latin Church
of the Catholic Church, after a deceased Catholic has been declared a Servant of God by a bishop and proposed for beatification by the Pope, such a servant of God may next be declared venerable ("heroic in virtue") during the investigation and process leading to possible canonization as a saint. Before a person is considered to be venerable, that person must be declared as such by a proclamation, approved by the Pope, of having lived a life that was "heroic in virtue", the virtues being the theological virtues of faith, hope, and charity and the cardinal virtues of prudence, justice, fortitude, and temperance. The next steps are beatification, from which point the person is referred to as The Blessed, and finally canonization, from which point he or she is referred to as Saint. For example, Popes Pius XII
Pius XII
and John Paul II
John Paul II
were both declared venerable by Pope
Pope
Benedict XVI in December 2009 and John Paul II
John Paul II
was declared saint in 2014.[1] Other examples are Bishop Fulton J. Sheen, Princess Louise of France, Francis Libermann, and Don Juan de Palafox y Mendoza, seventeenth-century bishop of Puebla, Mexico. The 7th/8th century English monk St. Bede
St. Bede
was referred to as venerable soon after his death and is still very often called "the Venerable Bede" despite having been canonized in 1899. This is also the honorific used for hermits of the Carthusian
Carthusian
Order, in place of the usual term of "Reverend". Anglican[edit] In the Anglican Communion, "The Venerable" (abbreviated as "the Ven") is the style usually given to an archdeacon.[2] Eastern Orthodoxy[edit] Main article: List of venerable people (Eastern Orthodox) In the Orthodox Church
Orthodox Church
the term "Venerable" is commonly used as the English-language translation of the title given to monastic saints (Greek: Hosios, Church Slavonic: Prepodobni; both Greek and Church Slavonic forms are masculinum). A monastic saint who was martyred for the Orthodox faith is referred to as " Venerable
Venerable
Martyr". In the 20th century, some English-language Orthodox sources began to use the term "Venerable" to refer to a righteous person who was a candidate for glorification (canonization), most famously in the case of Saint
Saint
John of Shanghai and San Francisco; however, this has not altered the original usage of this term in reference to monastic saints. Buddhism[edit]

Ven. Galboda Gnanissara Thera.

In Buddhism, the Western style of Venerable
Venerable
(also abbreviated as Ven.) is given to ordained Buddhist
Buddhist
monks and nuns and also to novices (Śrāmaṇeras). The title of Master may be followed[clarification needed] for senior members of the Sangha. "Venerable", along with "Reverend" (Rev.) is used as a western alternative to Mahathera in the Theravada
Theravada
branch and Făshī (法師) in Chinese Mahayana
Mahayana
branch.[3] In Japanese Buddhism, the title "Reverend" is more commonly used than "Venerable", especially in the Jodo Shinshu
Jodo Shinshu
sect, but also amongst priests in the Zen and other sects. This has been common practice since the early 20th century. See also[edit]

Lists of venerable people Venerable
Venerable
Order of Saint
Saint
John

Stages of canonization in the Catholic Church

Servant of God   →   Venerable
Venerable
  →   Blessed   →   Saint

References[edit]

^ "Report: Pope
Pope
Francis Says John Paul II
John Paul II
to Be Canonized April 27". National Catholic Register. 3 September 2013. Retrieved 6 September 2013.  ^ "List of Abbreviations", Crockford's Clerical Directory website. ^ Titles of the Monks and Nuns of the Western Buddhist
Buddhist
Monastic Gathering

Look up Venerable
Venerable
in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

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Venerable Beatification

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