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Velia
Velia
was the Roman name of an ancient city of Magna Graecia
Magna Graecia
on the coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea. It was founded by Greeks from Phocaea
Phocaea
as Hyele (Ancient Greek: Ὑέλη) around 538–535 BC. The name later changed to Ele and then Elea (/ˈɛliə/; Ancient Greek: Ἐλέα) before it became known by its current Latin
Latin
and Italian name during the Roman era. Its ruins are located in the Cilento
Cilento
region near the modern village Velia, which was named after the ancient city. The village is a frazione of the comune Ascea
Ascea
in the Province of Salerno, Campania, Italy. The city was known for being the home of the philosophers Parmenides and Zeno of Elea, as well as the Eleatic school of which they were a part. The site of the acropolis of ancient Elea was once a promontory called Castello a Mare, meaning "castle on the sea" in Italian. It now lies inland and was renamed to Castellammare della Bruca in the Middle Ages.

Contents

1 Geography 2 History 3 Ruins 4 Eleatics 5 Famous residents 6 Gallery 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

Geography[edit] The town is situated close to the Tyrrhenian coast in a hill zone nearby Marina di Casalvelino
Marina di Casalvelino
and Marina di Ascea, on a road linking Agropoli
Agropoli
to the southern Cilentan Coast. Its population is mainly located in the plain by the sea (surrounding the southern part of the ancient ruins) and in the hill zones of Enotria, Bosco and Scifro. Velia
Velia
also had a railway station on the Naples-Salerno-Reggio Calabria line, closed at the end of the 1970s. History[edit] According to Herodotus, in 545 BC Ionian Greeks fled Phocaea, in modern Turkey, which was being besieged by the Persians. After some wanderings (8 to 10 years) at sea, they stopped in Reggio Calabria, where they were probably joined by Xenophanes, who was at the time at Messina, and then moved north along the coast and founded the town of Hyele, later renamed Ele and then, eventually, Elea. The location is nearly at the same latitude as Phocaea. Elea was not conquered by the Lucanians, but eventually joined Rome
Rome
in 273 BC and was included in ancient Lucania. According to Book 6 of Virgil's Aeneid, Velia
Velia
is the place where the body of Palinurus washed ashore.[1] Ruins[edit] Remains of the city walls, with traces of one gate and several towers, of a total length of over three miles, still exist, and belong to three different periods, in all of which the crystalline limestone of the locality is used. Bricks were also employed in later times; their form is peculiar to this place, each having two rectangular channels on one side, and being about 1.5 in. square, with a thickness of nearly 4 in. They all bear Greek brick-stamps. There are some remains of cisterns on the site, and, various other traces of buildings.

Eleatics[edit] Main article: Eleatics The Eleatics were a school of pre-Socratic philosophers. The group was founded in the early 5th century BC by Parmenides. Other members of the school included Zeno of Elea
Zeno of Elea
and Melissus of Samos. Xenophanes
Xenophanes
is sometimes included in the list, though there is some dispute over this. Famous residents[edit]

Statius, father of the Roman poet Publius Papinius Statius
Statius
was born in Hyele (Silv 5.3.127). Parmenides, philosopher and founder of the Eleatics Zeno of Elea, Eleatic philosopher known for his paradoxes

Gallery[edit]

The Porta Rosa (Pink Gate, but Rosa, here, is intended as a given name), made of dry masonry of sandstone bricks, a rare exemplar of a Greek arch, circa 4th century BC 

The Porta Rosa road was the main street of Elea, circa 4th-3rd centuries BC 

The medieval tower of Velia
Velia
built out of a Greek temple 

Drachma, circa 535-510 BC 

Stater
Stater
struck 334-300 BC Athena
Athena
wearing a Phrygian helmet
Phrygian helmet
decorated with a Centaur, Lion devouring prey 

See also[edit]

List of ancient Greek cities

References[edit]

^ Frederick Ahl (trans.), ed. (2007). Virgil's Aeneid. Oxford UP. pp. 139–40. ISBN 978-0-19-923195-9. 

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Velia". Encyclopædia Britannica. 27 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Velia.

Official website (in Italian) Cilento
Cilento
National Park website (in Italian)

v t e

Archaeological sites in Campania

Province of Avellino

Aeclanum Compsa

Province of Benevento

Benevento

Arch of Trajan Roman Theatre

Caudium Ligures Baebiani Saticula

Province of Caserta

Allifae Ausona Calatia Cales Santa Maria Capua Vetere

Arch of Hadrian (Capua)

Casilinum Sant'Angelo in Formis Sinuessa Trebula Balliensis Vescia

Province of Naples

Atella Baiae Cumae

Grotta di Cocceio

Herculaneum

Villa of the Papyri

Liternum Miseno

Piscina Mirabilis

Naples

Aqua Augusta Bourbon Tunnel Catacombs of San Gaudioso Catacombs of San Gennaro Crypta Neapolitana

Virgil's tomb

Macellum of Naples

Oplontis

Villa Poppaea

Palazzo a Mare Pompeii Pozzuoli

Flavian Amphitheater (Pozzuoli) Lucrinus Lacus Lake Avernus Macellum of Pozzuoli Portus Julius

Stabiae Suessula Castello Barbarossa Villa Jovis Villa Boscoreale

Province of Salerno

Monte Pruno Paestum

Heraion at the mouth of the Sele Temple of Athena Second Temple of Hera Tomb of the Diver

Pertosa Caves Velia Villa Romana of Minori

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Towns, villages and zones of Cilentan Coast

Torre Kernot Laura Paestum Licinella Mattine Agropoli Tresino Santa Maria San Marco Licosa Ogliastro Marina Case del Conte Agnone Cilento Mezzatorre Acciaroli Pioppi Marina di Casalvelino Velia Marina di Ascea Marina di Pisciotta Caprioli Palinuro Cape Palinuro Marina di Camerota Porto Infreschi Scario Policastro Bussentino Capitello Villammare Sapri

v t e

World Heritage Sites in Italy

Northwest

Crespi d'Adda Genoa Mantua
Mantua
and Sabbioneta Monte San Giorgio1 Porto Venere, Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto, Cinque Terre

Corniglia Manarola Monterosso al Mare Riomaggiore Vernazza

Residences of the Royal House of Savoy

Castle of Moncalieri Castle of Racconigi Castle of Rivoli Castello del Valentino Royal Palace of Turin Palazzo Carignano Palazzo Madama, Turin Palace of Venaria Palazzina di caccia of Stupinigi Villa della Regina

Rhaetian Railway
Rhaetian Railway
in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes1 Rock Drawings in Valcamonica Sacri Monti of Piedmont and Lombardy Santa Maria delle Grazie, Milan Vineyard Landscape of Piedmont: Langhe- Roero
Roero
and Monferrato

Northeast

Aquileia The Dolomites Ferrara Modena Cathedral, Torre della Ghirlandina
Torre della Ghirlandina
and Piazza Grande, Modena Orto botanico di Padova Ravenna Venice Verona City of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of the Veneto

Central

Assisi Basilica of Saint Francis of Assisi Etruscan Necropolises of Cerveteri
Cerveteri
and Tarquinia Florence Hadrian's Villa Medici villas Piazza del Duomo, Pisa Pienza Rome2 San Gimignano Siena Urbino Val d'Orcia Villa d'Este

South

Alberobello Amalfi Coast Castel del Monte, Apulia Cilento
Cilento
and Vallo di Diano
Vallo di Diano
National Park, Paestum
Paestum
and Velia, Certosa di Padula Herculaneum Oplontis
Oplontis
and Villa Poppaea Naples Palace of Caserta, Aqueduct of Vanvitelli
Aqueduct of Vanvitelli
and San Leucio
San Leucio
Complex Pompeii Sassi di Matera

Islands

Aeolian Islands Arab-Norman Palermo and the Cathedral Churches of Cefalù and Monreale Archaeological Area of Agrigento Barumini nuraghes Mount Etna Syracuse and Necropolis of Pantalica Val di Noto

Caltagirone Catania Militello in Val di Catania Modica Noto Palazzolo Acreide Ragusa Scicli

Villa Romana del Casale

Countrywide

Longobards in Italy, Places of Power (568–774 A.D.)

Brescia Cividale del Friuli Castelseprio Spoleto Temple of Clitumnus
Temple of Clitumnus
located at Campello sul Clitunno Santa Sofia located at Benevento Sanctuary of Monte Sant'Angelo
Sanctuary of Monte Sant'Angelo
located at Monte Sant'Angelo

Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps3 Primeval Beech Forests of Europe4 Venetian Works of Defence between 15th and 17th centuries5

Bergamo Palmanova Peschiera del Garda

1 Shared with Switzerland 2 Shared with the Holy See 3 Shared with Austria, France, Germany, Slovenia, and Switzerland 4 Shared with Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Germany, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain
Spain
and Ukraine 5 Shared with Croatia
Croatia
and Montenegro

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Magna Graecia

South Italy

Alision Brentesion Caulonia Chone Croton Cumae Elea Heraclea Lucania Hydrus Krimisa Laüs Locri Medma Metapontion Neápolis Pandosia (Lucania) Poseidonia Pixous Rhegion Scylletium Siris Sybaris Sybaris
Sybaris
on the Traeis Taras Terina Thurii

Sicily

Akragas Akrai Akrillai Apollonia Calacte Casmenae Catana Gela Helorus Henna Heraclea Minoa Himera Hybla Gereatis Hybla Heraea Kamarina Leontinoi Megara Hyblaea Messana Naxos Segesta Selinous Syracuse Tauromenion Thermae Tyndaris

Aeolian Islands

Didyme Euonymos Ereikousa Hycesia Lipara/Meligounis Phoenicusa Strongyle Therassía

Sa

.