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The Info List - Vehicle Registration Plates Of China


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A Chinese vehicle registration plate (Chinese: 牌照; pinyin: pái zhào) or Vehicle registration plates in China are mandatory metal or plastic plates attached to motor vehicles in mainland China for official identification purposes. The plates are issued by the local Vehicle Management Offices, under the administration of the Ministry of Public Security. Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Macau, both of which are Special
Special
administrative regions of China, issue their own licence plates, a legacy of when they were under British and Portuguese administration. Vehicles from Hong Kong and Macau
Macau
are required to apply for licence plates, usually from Guangdong
Guangdong
province, to travel on roads in Mainland China. Vehicles from Mainland China
Mainland China
have to apply for Hong Kong
Hong Kong
licence plates or Macau
Macau
licence plates to enter those territories. The number of registered cars, buses, vans, and trucks on the road in China reached 62 million in 2009, and is expected to exceed 200 million by 2020.[1] The font used on the plates were said to be modified from the East Asian gothic typeface, but speculations exist as the numbers and letters somewhat bear similarity with the German font DIN 1451..8.0275 jh

Contents

1 History

1.1 1986-series plate

2 Current Series types

2.1 Common types 2.2 Police Service, Armed Police Force, and Military 2.3 Motorcycles 2.4 Embassies and consulates 2.5 Other types 2.6 Cross-border with Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Macau 2.7 Interim licence plates 2.8 Shortlived 2002 standard 2.9 New 2007 Standard (GA36-2007) 2.10 New Energy vehicles license plates

3 List of prefixes

3.1 Municipalities

3.1.1 Beijing 3.1.2 Chongqing 3.1.3 Shanghai 3.1.4 Tianjin

3.2 Provinces

3.2.1 Anhui 3.2.2 Fujian 3.2.3 Gansu 3.2.4 Guangdong 3.2.5 Guizhou 3.2.6 Hainan 3.2.7 Hebei 3.2.8 Heilongjiang 3.2.9 Henan 3.2.10 Hubei 3.2.11 Hunan 3.2.12 Jiangsu 3.2.13 Jiangxi 3.2.14 Jilin 3.2.15 Liaoning 3.2.16 Qinghai 3.2.17 Shaanxi 3.2.18 Shandong 3.2.19 Shanxi 3.2.20 Sichuan 3.2.21 Yunnan 3.2.22 Zhejiang

3.3 Autonomous regions

3.3.1 Guangxi 3.3.2 Inner Mongolia 3.3.3 Ningxia 3.3.4 Xizang Tibetan Autonomous Region 3.3.5 Xinjiang

4 See also 5 References 6 External links

History[edit]

Blue PRC licence plates of the 1992 standard. This is an example of a vehicle registered to a Chinese citizen or entity.

Black PRC licence plates of the 1992 standard. This is an example of a vehicle registered to a foreign national, or a Chinese person who is not a citizen of Mainland China

1986-series plate[edit]

Layout and examples of 1986-series plates.

In July 1986, the 1986-Series Plates were put into use. The layout and format for them are listed out as follows:

Vehicle type Colouring Size (mm) Notes

Light passenger/cargo vehicles White-on-light green 300 x 165 May come with a letter replacing the first number.

Heavy goods vehicles White-on-violet

Heavy/light hand-assisted tractors, special-use vehicles, electric cars

Black-on-yellow

Testing vehicles and training vehicles White-on-blue

Foreigner-owned vehicles White-on-black Red-on-black for limited-activity (i.e. only allowed to drive within city limits denoted by the regional code)

Trailers Black-on-white

Plate replacement permits Red-on-white 200 x 120

Temporary plates Black-on-white

Two/three-wheeled motorcycles White-on-light green

Light motorcycles Violet-on-white

Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Macau
Macau
vehicles are issued with plates for Shenzhen (广东02) and Zhuhai
Zhuhai
(广东03), respectively. Red-on-black plate-bearing vehicles are only allowed to drive within said cities. White-on-black vehicles are permitted to drive within Guangdong province, while if the vehicles are issued with green or violet plates according to their types, they have no area limitations. Public security vehicles (e.g. police) are issued with single-line plates with the format GARR-####, where the RR is the regional code, and the following numbers are the serial number, with the "GA" (Abbreviation for 公安, Gong An, "Public security") in red. The regional codes are as follows:

Region Code

Beijing 11

Tianjin 12

Hebei 13

Shanxi 14

Inner Mongolia 15

Liaoning 21

Jilin 22

Heilongjiang 23

Shanghai 31

Jiangsu 32

Zhejiang 33

Anhui 34

Fujian 35

Jiangxi 36

Shandong 37

Henan 41

Hubei 42

Hunan 43

Guangdong 44

Guangxi 45

Hainan 46

Sichuan 51

Guizhou 52

Yunnan 53

Tibet 54

Shaanxi 61

Gansu 62

Qinghai 63

Ningxia 64

Xinjiang 65

Note: Chongqing
Chongqing
was separated from Sichuan
Sichuan
as a directly-administered city in 1997, and the 1986-series standard was abolished in 1997 as well, therefore Public security vehicles in Chongqing
Chongqing
bear the Sichuan code of GA51, instead of the later-introduced GA50. 1986-series plates are allowed to have the first number in the serial replaced by a letter with a special meaning, such as T for "Taxi", Z for "自备车" (Zi bei che, "self-reserved vehicle"), G for "个体户“ (Ge ti hu, "entrepreneur"). Current Series types[edit] Common types[edit]

Schematic diagram of plates (1)

Schematic diagram of plates (2)

Schematic diagram of plates (3)

Schematic diagram of plates (4)

Schematic diagram of plates (5)

Schematic diagram of plates (6)

The current plates are of the 1992 standard, which consist of the one-character provincial abbreviation, a letter of the alphabet, and five numbers or letters of the alphabet (Ex. 沪A·12345; 京C·A1234; 苏A·1P234; 浙B·AB987; 粤Z·7C59港). Previously, all licence plates had used the five-number designation. As the number of motor vehicles grew, however, the number had to exceed what was the maximum previously allowable—90,000 or 100,000 vehicles. Therefore, there had become a need to insert Latin letters into the license plate to increase the number of possible combinations. This was first done in the bigger cities with only one prefix. Nanjing, for example, began the change with only the first number, which increased the number of possible combinations to 340,000 (with the exceptions of O & I, which cannot be printed without confusion with the numbers 0 & 1). Further changes allowed the first two places, or the second place alone on the plate to be letters, allowing 792,000 more combinations mathematically. More recently, cities have taken to having the third letter alone being a Latin letter, the rest numbers. The numbers are produced at random, and are computer-generated at the issuing office. Numbers with a sequence of 6s, 8s, or 9s are usually considered to be lucky, therefore special sequences like "88888" or "86888" can be purchased. (A previous licence plate system, with a green background and the full name of the province in Chinese characters, actually had a sequential numbering order, and the numbering system was eventually beset with corruption.) License plates have different formats that are issued to different vehicles:

Vehicle Type Example Coloring Issued to

Small/Compact Vehicles 沪F·9Q765 White-on-Blue Regular vehicles

Small/Compact Vehicles (New Energy) 京A·D12345/京A·F12345 Black lettering on Gradient green Start with D is for regular EV vehicles, start with F is for regular plug-in HEV vehicles

Large Vehicles 渝F·1033V (Front) 渝 · F 1033V (Rear)

Black-on-yellow Vehicles longer than 6m or certified to carry 20+ passengers

Large Vehicles (New Energy) 京A·12345D/京A·12345F Black lettering, yellow for the province code, green for the rest End with D is for large EV vehicles, end with F is for large plug-in HEV vehicles

Agricultural/Municipal vehicles (i.e. forbidden to leave city territory) 皖 · 01 NR995

White-on-green Mainly agricultural vehicles. Vehicles operating in transport hubs (e.g. airports, ports) receive the "民航"(civil aviation) (for operation in airports) or "X港" (port X) (for operation in seaports, where X is the name of the port) instead of the Chinese character and the first pair of digits.

Coach cars 京A·0001学 Black-on-yellow Cars belonging to driving schools

Test car 京A·0001试 Black-on-yellow

Temporary license (intra-province) 沪K·9PW50 Black on patterned light blue (paper) Cars eligible for on-road driving but have not received a license plate yet

Temporary license (cross-province) 鲁A·40000 Black on patterned brown (paper)

Prototypes 沪A·1234超 Black on patterned light blue (paper)

Foreigner-owned (Discontinued) 京A·10000 White-on-Black Cars belonging to foreigners, joint-stock companies, foreign companies and diplomatic staff.

Small Motorcycles (50cc or below) 54321 (Front) 沪 · C 54321 (Rear)

White-on-Blue

Large Motorcycles (Above 50cc) Same as above Black-on-yellow

Since October 2007, black plates are no longer issued for vehicles belonging to foreigners, as this was "deemed discriminatory" and instead standard looking blue plates are now issued. However, foreigners still are issued a separate dedicated letter/number sequence to denote that they are a foreign owned/registered vehicle—e.g. in Beijing, the foreign owned plates are in the 京A·#####, 京L·B####, and 京L·C#### sequence. The older black plates are still issued to those who are dual-use vehicles, i.e. those registered in both Mainland China
Mainland China
and Hong Kong
Hong Kong
or Macau. Police Service, Armed Police Force, and Military[edit] Licence plates for China's Police Service, Armed Police Force, and Military are in a white background, with red and black text. Police Service plates have a designated format of X·LLNNN警 (X is the geographical abbreviation, N is a digit, and L is either a digit or a letter; "警" means police and is coloured red, but the separator dot is no longer a circle, rather, a square). These plates are issued to traffic police, some patrol vehicles, court, and procuratorate vehicles.

Sample of current type of CAPF plates

Chinese People's Armed Police
People's Armed Police
Force ("武警") uses the pinyin wujing abbreviation WJ and use the format WJNN-NNNNN.

The first two small letters behind the WJ are area prefixes:

WJ01-NNNNN. = Headquarters WJ31-NNNNN. = Beijing WJ14-NNNNN. = Shandong WJ21-NNNNN. = Hainan

The Alphabet Numeral behind the area prefix shows the section of the Armed police:

WJ01-JNNNN. = Official Guards, Official and Diplomatic Escorts, Riot Police. WJ01-BNNNN. = Border Police WJ01-XNNNN. = Firefighter (Fire Department) WJ01-1NNNN. = Headquarters

Another pattern is the WJ P NNNNL pattern, where P is the provincial code, and L denotes the first letter in "pinyin" of the branch of Armed Police service. e.g. WJ 沪 1234X = a vehicle for firefighting use in Shanghai Military vehicles previously had plates using a code of heavenly stems in red. After reorganization in 2004, again in 2013 military vehicles now use a more organized prefix. These licence plates use the format XL·NNNNN (X is a prefix, L is a letter).

The People's Liberation Army
People's Liberation Army
vehicle prefixes 2013:

Military vehicles can be identified by having a red letter from the alphabet *V

V PLA Central Military Commission K PLA Air Force H PLA Navy B PLA Beijing
Beijing
Military VA PLA Central Military Commission VB PLA Political Works VC PLA Logistical Support VD PLA Equipment Development

The People's Liberation Army
People's Liberation Army
vehicle prefixes 2004:

"军" (Jūn; "Military")

Vehicles of the Central Military Commission Vehicles of the Headquarters of People's Liberation Army Vehicles of the PLA's units at Army-Grade or above. Deputy-Military-Region-Grade, Military-Region-Grade.

The Ground Force of PLA vehicle of the various military regions have their own prefixes:

"北" (Beǐ) Vehicles of the Beijing Military Region
Beijing Military Region
of Ground Force) "沈" (Shěn); Vehicles of the Shenyang Military Region
Shenyang Military Region
of Ground Force) "兰" (Lán); Vehicles of the Lanzhou Military Region
Lanzhou Military Region
of Ground Force) "成" (Chéng); Vehicles of the Chengdu Military Region
Chengdu Military Region
of Ground Force) "济" (Jǐ); Vehicles of the Jinan Military Region
Jinan Military Region
of Ground Force) "南" (Nán); Vehicles of the Nanjing
Nanjing
Military Region of Ground Force) "广" (Guǎng); Vehicles of the Guangzhou Military Region
Guangzhou Military Region
of Ground Force)

The Navy of PLA vehicle prefixes:

"海" (Haǐ)

The Air Force of PLA vehicle prefixes:

"空" (Kōng)

Vehicles with government or military plates are not subject to the Road Traffic Safety Law of the People's Republic of China (中华人民共和国道路交通安全法); they may run red lights, drive in the wrong direction or weave in and out of traffic.[2] Communist party officials and People's Liberation Army
People's Liberation Army
members are also exempt from paying road tolls and adhering to parking regulations.[3][4] According to Xinhua News Agency, "police officers are also reluctant to pull over drivers of military vehicles even if the drivers are breaking the law",[4][5] which is the reason behind an emerging trend in which individuals purchase counterfeit military registration plates to avoid being pulled over by police and to avoid road fees. Xinhua News Agency
Xinhua News Agency
reported in 2008 that since July 2006, the government has confiscated over 4,000 fake military vehicles and 6,300 fake plates and has apprehended over 5,000 people belonging to criminal gangs; under Chinese law, those caught driving under fake registration plates are fined up to 2,000 RMB, and counterfeiters can be jailed for up to three years.[4][6] Motorcycles[edit] Motorcycle licence plates are nearly the same as that for ordinary vehicles, but are less in length and look more like an elongated square than a banner-like rectangle. There are two lines of text (province code and letter on the top, numbers on the bottom). For qingqi or low-powered motorbikes, blue licence plates are issued throughout. Embassies and consulates[edit]

Chinese diplomatic license plate. The first code is the character: 使 (shǐ, literally "diplomatic"), representing the embassy. The code 132 represents the Czech Republic, but it may not be due to Beijing
Beijing
having codes unreleased due to privacy reasons.

Embassy and consulate vehicles have their own licence plate with a red character and six white numbers. Embassy plates have a black background (following the foreigner plate standard, as previously mentioned). Embassies use 使 (shǐ) (for 使馆, which means 'embassy') and are used only in Beijing. Consulates use 领 (lǐng) (for 领事馆, which means 'consulate') and are used for representations outside Beijing. Numbers on embassy plates are formatted so that the first three digits represent the foreign entity/organization the vehicle is registered to while the last three digits are sequential, where 001 is (generally) the Ambassador's car, for example: 使 224 001 is the car used by the Ambassador of the United States. Numbers 002 to 005 are usually reserved for official use and therefore have the comfort of the highest levels of diplomatic immunity. In order to protect the privacy of foreign diplomats in the P.R. China, Beijing
Beijing
does not release information on embassies' vehicles, so it is possible that some data in the list of plate prefixes of embassies in Beijing
Beijing
below may not be correct.

Diplomatic Codes

101 -  Afghanistan 102 -  Albania 103 -  Algeria 104 -  Angola 105 -  Argentina 106 -  Australia 107 -  Austria 108 -  Azerbaijan 109 -  Bahrain 110 -  Bangladesh 111 -  Belarus 112 -  Belgium 113 -  Benin 114 -  Bolivia 115 -  Botswana 116 -  Brazil 117 -  Brunei 118 -  Bulgaria 119 -  BUR 120 -  Burundi 121 -  Cambodia 122 -  Cameroon 123 -  Canada 124 -  Chad 125 -  Chile 126 -  Colombia 127 -  Congo 128 -  Ivory Coast 129 -  Croatia 130 -  Cuba 131 -  Cyprus 132 -  Czech Republic 133 -  North Korea 134 -  Denmark 135 -  East Timor 136 -  Ecuador 137 -  Egypt 138 -  Equatorial Guinea 139 -  Eritrea 140 -  Ethiopia 141 -  Fiji 142 -  Finland 143 -  France 144 -  Gabon 145 -  Germany 146 -  Ghana 147 -  Greece 148 -  Guinea 149 -  Guyana 150 -  Hungary 151 -  Iceland 152 -  India 153 -  Indonesia 154 -  Iran 155 -  Iraq 156 -  Ireland 157 -  Israel 158 -  Italy 160 -  Jordan 161 -  Kazakhstan 162 -  Kenya 163 -  Kiribati 164 -  Kuwait 165 -  Kyrgyzstan

166 -  Laos 167 -  Lebanon 168 -  Libya 169 -  Luxembourg 170 -  Madagascar 171 -  Malaysia 172 -  Mali 173 -  Malta 174 -  Marshall Islands 175 -  Mauritania 176 -  Mexico 177 -  Micronesia 178 -  Mongolia 179 -  MAR 180 -  Mozambique 181 -  Myanmar 182 -    Nepal 183 -  Netherlands 184 -  New Zealand 185 -  Nigeria 186 -  Norway 187 -  Oman 188 -  Pakistan 189 -  Palestine 190 -  Papua New Guinea 191 -  Peru 192 -  Philippines 193 -  Poland 194 -  Portugal 195 -  Qatar 196 -  South Korea 197 -  Romania 198 -  Russia 199 -  Rwanda 200 -  Saudi Arabia 201 -  Senegal 202 -  Seychelles 203 -  Sierra Leone 204 -  Singapore 205 -  Slovakia 206 -  Slovenia 207 -  Somalia 208 -  South Africa 209 -  Spain 210 -  Sri Lanka 211 -  SUD 212 -  Sweden 213 -   Switzerland 214 -  Syria 215 -  Tanzania 216 -  Thailand 217 -  Togo 218 -  Tunisia 219 -  Turkey 220 -  Uganda 221 -  Ukraine 222 -  United Arab Emirates 223 -  United Kingdom 224 -  United States 225 -  Uruguay 226 -  Vanuatu 227 -  Venezuela 228 -  Vietnam 229 -  Yemen

230 -  Serbia 231 -  Democratic Republic of the Congo 232 -  Zambia 233 -  São Tomé and Príncipe 234 -  Macedonia 235 -  Japan 236 -  Lesotho 237 -  Uzbekistan 238 -  Turkmenistan 239 -  Georgia 240 -  Namibia 241 -  Lithuania 242 -  Moldova 243 -  Mauritius 244 -  Panama 245 -  Niger 246 -  Tajikistan 247 -  Antigua and Barbuda 248 -  Armenia 249 -  Suriname 250 -  Zimbabwe 251 -  Estonia 252 -  Haiti 253 -  Latvia 254 -  Bosnia and Herzegovina 255 -  Guinea-Bissau 256 -  Cape Verde 257 -  Djibouti 258 -  Central African Republic 260 -  Dominica 261 -  Liberia 262 -  Jamaica 263 -  Grenada 264 -  Maldives 265 -  Costa Rica 266 -  Malawi 267 -  Bahamas 268 -  Comoros 269 -  Montenegro 270 -  Tonga 271 -  South Sudan 272 -  Barbados 273 -  Gambia 159 - Shanghai
Shanghai
Cooperation Organisation 259 - Pacific Islands Forum 300 -  European Union 301 -  Arab League 302 - UN Development Program 303 - UN Food and Agriculture Organization 304 - UN Population Fund 305 - UN World Food Programme 306 - UN Children's Fund 307 - UN World Health Organization 308 - UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization 309 - UN International Labour Organization 310 - World Bank 311 - UN High Commissioner for Refugees 313 - International Monetary Fund 314 - International Finance Corporation 316 - UN Industrial Development Organization 317 - Asia Development Bank 318 - Red Cross 319 - UN Asian and Pacific Centre for Agricultural Engineering and Machinery 321 - UN Environment Programme

Other types[edit] Vehicles for use in automobile tests, vehicles for use in driving schools (examination and test-driving), and vehicles at airports all have their own separate licence plates. For automobile tests, licence plates consist of black characters on a yellow background with the suffix shi (试 short in Chinese for ce shi or test). For driving schools, different plates apply for test-drive vehicles (jiaolian che) and examination vehicles (kaoshi che). Airports have licence plates with white characters on a green background with the designation min hang (民航 Civilian Air Transportation). This shade of green is slightly lighter than the variant used on normal licence plates prior to 1992. Modern Chinese television programs are sometimes situated in a fictional town called Jiangzhou (江州市). The license plates on cars within these TV programs have the character 江 as the suffix. Cross-border with Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Macau[edit]

Guangdong
Guangdong
border crossing plate displayed on a vehicle below a standard Hong Kong
Hong Kong
plate.

Licence plates with a black background and the character 港 or 澳 in place of the last number are used for Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Macau
Macau
vehicles, respectively, when they engage in cross-border traffic to and from Mainland China. These plates often exist side by side with a local Hong Kong
Hong Kong
or Macau
Macau
licence plates on the same car. See the section on Guangdong
Guangdong
license plates. Interim licence plates[edit]

Front of Interim licence plate (drive in an administrative area only)

Back of Interim licence plate (drive in an administrative area only)

Front of Interim licence plate (drive outside of an administrative area only)

Back of Interim licence plate (drive outside of an administrative area only)

Interim licence plates are a piece of paper to be affixed to the front of the vehicle's window, usually valid for 15 days. Shortlived 2002 standard[edit]

Example of the 2002-standard plate.

For a short while in the summer of 2002, a new 2002 standard was instituted in several cities, including Beijing. They enabled number/alphabetical customisation. (The possible combinations were NNN-NNN, NNN-LLL and LLL-NNN, where N would be a number and L a letter. However, although the usage of "CHN", to designate China, was not permitted in the plates, that restriction, oddly enough, did not apply to the letters "PRC".) The VIN was also added to the new plates, and the plates were white, with a gradual blue tint at the bottom end of the plates. Black letters were used on the plate. In late August 2002 new 2002 standard plates had their issuance temporarily interrupted, officially for technical reasons, but actually because some number/alphabetical combinations of a controversial nature in Mainland China
Mainland China
were utilised. One of the biggest controversies was when a vehicle with plate number USA-911 was spotted in Beijing, causing an uproar as it was taken to be a reference to the September 11 attacks, and as such was criticized as being disrespectful to Americans. Equal uproars were created with such plates as PRC-001, and trademark violations were rife; the plate number IBM-001 and was seen. The WTO acronym was also spotted in the plates. In a society that is still rather conservative in this topic, the plate SEX-001 was the source of yet another controversy. The number 250, an insult in spoken Chinese, was also spotted in some plates. Possibly due to the controversies as described above, as of summer 2003, the new plates are no longer being issued. Old plates of the 2002 standard are not being recalled. Cars who have lost their 2002-standard plates are disallowed to get a 2002-standard replacement. The 1992-standard plates will be issued instead. New 2007 Standard (GA36-2007)[edit] The Ministry of Public Security has announced on October 30, 2007, that the 1992 vehicle license plate system will be overhauled on November 1, 2007. Major Points of interest:

The current black license plates assigned to foreign-owned vehicles will be phased out. New vehicles will be issued "normal" blue license plates. Two roman letters (not including O, or I, which could be confused with numerals) may be included among the last five places of the plate number.

A minor difference between the 2007- and the 1992-standard plates is that the separator dot between the regional code and the serial on 2007-standard plates is embossed along the characters, while that on 1992-standard plates are pressed into the plate, in the opposite direction of the characters. Number plates issued in the 1992 standard will not be recalled but black plates will no longer be issued. Neither will plates issued to embassies be affected. It is believed this is a China-wide standard. Many provinces and municipal cities have since introduced personalized number plates with different limitations. It is generally possible to choose from several alphabetical-numerical combination and personalize some of the digits. For some provinces it is possible to have a letter occupying the last place of the combination, possibly to increase combination numbers. Official Beijing
Beijing
Traffic Bureau announcement (Chinese) New Energy vehicles license plates[edit]

Small New Energy vehicle license plate

Large New Energy vehicle license plate

On November 21, 2016, the MPS announced the New Energy vehicles license plates are introduced. They will instituted in Shanghai, Nanjing, Wuxi, Jinan, and Shenzhen
Shenzhen
since December 1, 2016. The New Energy vehicles license plates consist of the one-character provincial abbreviation, a letter of the alphabet, and six numbers or letters of the alphabet, which "D" means Electric car, "F" means other types of New Energy vehicles. For Small New Energy vehicle license plate, this alphabet is located in the first, and Large New Energy vehicles is located in the last. There is also an "E" logo, which means "Electric".[7] New Energy Vehicle License Plates will be instituted in 10 more cities, i.e. Baoding, Changchun, Fuzhou, Qingdao, Zhengzhou, Zhongshan, Liuzhou, Chongqing, Chengdu
Chengdu
and Kunming. List of prefixes[edit] The following lists all licence plate prefixes in use in the People's Republic of China, divided into four sections: municipalities, provinces, autonomous regions and others.

This list might not be up to date, complete or accurate. Please amend as you see fit.

Municipalities[edit] Beijing[edit] The initial character on licence plates issued in Beijing
Beijing
is: 京 (Pinyin: Jīng)

京A(Color in Yellow)-buses 京C, 京E, 京F, 京H, 京J, 京K, 京L, 京M, 京P, 京Q - Urban area 京B - Taxis 京G - Suburbs 京N, 京P, 京Y - Suburbs and urban area 京A, 京LB, 京LC - foreigner or foreign company owned vehicle 京O·A - Ministry of Public Security 京V - Central Guard Bureau of Beijing
Beijing
Garrison Military License

Chongqing[edit] The initial character on licence plates issued in Chongqing
Chongqing
is: 渝 (Yú) The former division before May 18, 2017:

渝A — Urban area 渝B — Urban area 渝C — Yongchuan District, Jiangjin, Hechuan, Tongnan County, Tongliang County, Bishan County, Dazu County, Qijiang County, Rongchang County 渝D — Urban area 渝F — Wanzhou District, Liangping County, Chengkou County, Wushan County, Wuxi
Wuxi
County, Zhong County, Kaizhou District, Fengjie County, Yunyang County 渝G — Fuling District, Nanchuan, Dianjiang County, Fengdu County, Wulong County 渝H — Qianjiang District, Shizhu Tujia Autonomous County, Xiushan Tujia and Miao Autonomous County, Youyang Tujia and Miao Autonomous County, Pengshui Miao and Tujia Autonomous County

From May 18, 2017, Chongqing
Chongqing
has no division for number plate prefixes, newly registed vehicles can choose any prefix among 渝A, 渝B, 渝C, 渝D, 渝F, 渝G, 渝H from any district and county in Chongqing. Shanghai[edit] The initial character on licence plates issued in Shanghai
Shanghai
is: 沪 (Hù)

沪A, 沪B, 沪D, 沪E, 沪F, 沪G, 沪H, 沪J, 沪K, 沪L, 沪M, 沪N — Urban area and suburbs. 沪C — Suburbs, not allowed to enter the urban area(i.e. not allowed to travel within the Outer Ring). 沪R — Chongming Island, Changxing Island, Hengsha Island, not allowed to leave the places above.

For the third character of the license plates (with 4 digits following):

Z — New energy vehicles (except licenses begin with 沪A and 沪C). M, N, U to X — Taxis. Y — Vehicles for rent, owned by car renting operators.

Tianjin[edit] The initial character on licence plates issued in Tianjin
Tianjin
is: 津 (Jīn)

津A, 津B, 津C, 津F, 津G, 津H, 津I, 津J, 津K, 津L, 津M, 津N, 津P, 津Q, 津R — General Issues 津E — Taxis

Provinces[edit] Anhui[edit] The initial character on licence plates issued in Anhui
Anhui
is: 皖 (Wǎn)

皖A—Hefei 皖B—Wuhu 皖C—Bengbu 皖D—Huainan 皖E—Ma'anshan 皖F—Huaibei 皖G—Tongling 皖H—Anqing 皖J—Huangshan 皖K—Fuyang 皖L—Suzhou 皖M—Chuzhou 皖N—Lu'an 皖P—Xuancheng 皖R—Chizhou 皖S—Bozhou

Fujian[edit] The initial character on licence plates issued in Fujian
Fujian
is: 闽 (Mǐn)

闽A—Fuzhou 闽B—Putian 闽C—Quanzhou 闽D—Xiamen 闽E—Zhangzhou 闽F—Longyan 闽G—Sanming 闽H—Nanping 闽J—Ningde 闽K — Provincial-level agencies, Pingtan Island 闽O — Police vehicles

Gansu[edit] The initial character on licence plates issued in Gansu
Gansu
is: 甘 (Gān)

甘A—Lanzhou 甘B—Jiayuguan 甘C—Jinchang 甘D—Baiyin 甘E—Tianshui 甘F—Jiuquan 甘G—Zhangye 甘H—Wuwei 甘J—Dingxi 甘K—Longnan 甘L—Pingliang 甘M—Qingyang 甘N—Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture 甘P—Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture

Guangdong[edit]

Black PRC licence plates of the 1992 standard for vehicles from Hong Kong that are permitted to cross into Mainland China.

The initial character on licence plates issued in Guangdong
Guangdong
is: 粤 (Yuè)

粤A— Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(粤AQ—Panyu) 粤B—Shenzhen 粤C—Zhuhai 粤D—Shantou 粤E— Foshan
Foshan
(粤EV—Gaoming, 粤ET—Sanshui) 粤F—Shaoguan 粤G—Zhanjiang 粤H— Zhaoqing
Zhaoqing
& Gaoyao
Gaoyao
(粤HL—Sihui) 粤J—Jiangmen 粤K—Maoming 粤L—Huizhou 粤M—Meizhou 粤N—Shanwei 粤O— Guangdong
Guangdong
Provincial Public Security Department 粤P—Heyuan 粤Q—Yangjiang 粤R—Qingyuan 粤S—Dongguan 粤T—Zhongshan 粤U—Chaozhou 粤V—Jieyang 粤W—Yunfu 粤X— Shunde
Shunde
(District of Foshan) 粤Y—Nanhai (District of Foshan) 粤Z— Hong Kong
Hong Kong
& Macau: required only for vehicles travel frequently to China. Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Macau
Macau
issue registration plates on their own. The registration number has 4 alphanumerics, suffixed with either 港 (for Hong Kong) or 澳 (for Macau).

Guizhou[edit] The initial character on licence plates issued in Guizhou
Guizhou
is: 贵 (Guì)

贵A—Guiyang 贵B—Liupanshui 贵C—Zunyi 贵D—Tongren 贵E—Qianxinan 贵F—Bijie 贵G—Anshun 贵H—Qiandonnan 贵J—Qiannan

Hainan[edit] The initial character on licence plates issued in Hainan
Hainan
is: 琼 (Qióng)

琼A—Haikou 琼B—Sanya 琼C—Qionghai,Wenchang,Wanning,Ding'an,Tunchang,Chengmai,Lingao 琼D—Wuzhishan,Dongfang,Baisha,Changjiang,Ledong,Lingshui,Baoting,Qiongzhong 琼E—Yangpu Economic Development Zone 琼F—Danzhou

Hebei[edit] The initial character on licence plates issued in Hebei
Hebei
is: 冀 (Jì)

冀A—Shijiazhuang

A "Z" is further appended to taxis, for example "冀AZ1234".

冀B—Tangshan

A "T" is further appended to taxis, for example "冀BT1234".

冀C—Qinhuangdao 冀D—Handan 冀E—Xingtai 冀F—Baoding 冀G—Zhangjiakou 冀H—Chengde 冀J—Cangzhou 冀R—Langfang 冀T—Hengshui

Heilongjiang[edit] The initial character on licence plates issued in Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
is: 黑 (Hēi)

黑A—Harbin 黑B—Qiqihar 黑C—Mudanjiang 黑D—Jiamusi 黑E—Daqing 黑F—Yichun 黑G—Jixi 黑H—Hegang 黑J—Shuangyashan 黑K—Qitaihe 黑L — Area of the Sungari River (now considered part of Harbin) 黑M—Suihua 黑N—Heihe 黑P—Daxing'anling Prefecture

Henan[edit] The initial character on licence plates issued in Henan
Henan
is: 豫 (Yù)

豫A—Zhengzhou 豫B—Kaifeng 豫C—Luoyang 豫D—Pingdingshan 豫E—Anyang 豫F—Hebi 豫G—Xinxiang 豫H—Jiaozuo 豫J—Puyang 豫K—Xuchang 豫L—Luohe 豫M—Sanmenxia 豫N—Shangqiu 豫P—Zhoukou 豫Q—Zhumadian 豫R—Nanyang 豫S—Xinyang 豫U—Jiyuan

Hubei[edit] The initial character on licence plates issued in Hubei
Hubei
is: 鄂 (È)

鄂A—Wuhan 鄂B—Huangshi 鄂C—Shiyan 鄂D—Jingzhou 鄂E—Yichang 鄂F—Xiangyang 鄂G—Ezhou 鄂H—Jingmen 鄂J—Huanggang 鄂K—Xiaogan 鄂L—Xianning 鄂M—Xiantao 鄂N—Qianjiang 鄂P—Shennongjia 鄂Q—Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture 鄂R—Tianmen 鄂S—Suizhou

Hunan[edit] The initial character on licence plates issued in Hunan
Hunan
is: 湘 (Xiāng)

湘A—Changsha 湘B—Zhuzhou 湘C—Xiangtan 湘D—Hengyang 湘E—Shaoyang 湘F—Yueyang 湘G—Zhangjiajie 湘H—Yiyang 湘J—Changde 湘K—Loudi 湘L—Chenzhou 湘M—Yongzhou 湘N—Huaihua 湘U—Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture

Jiangsu[edit] The initial character on licence plates issued in Jiangsu
Jiangsu
is: 苏 (Sū)

苏A—Nanjing 苏B—Wuxi 苏C—Xuzhou 苏D—Changzhou 苏E—Suzhou 苏F—Nantong 苏G—Lianyungang 苏H—Huai'an 苏J—Yancheng 苏K—Yangzhou 苏L—Zhenjiang 苏M—Taizhou 苏N—Suqian

Jiangxi[edit] The initial character on licence plates issued in Jiangxi
Jiangxi
is: 赣 (Gàn)

赣A—Nanchang 赣B—Ganzhou 赣C—Yichun 赣D—Ji'an 赣E—Shangrao 赣F—Fuzhou 赣G—Jiujiang 赣H—Jingdezhen 赣J—Pingxiang 赣K—Xinyu 赣L—Yingtan

Jilin[edit] The initial character on licence plates issued in Jilin
Jilin
is: 吉 (Jí)

吉A—Changchun 吉B— Jilin
Jilin
City 吉C—Siping 吉D—Liaoyuan 吉E—Tonghua 吉F—Baishan 吉G—Baicheng 吉H—Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture 吉J—Songyuan

Liaoning[edit] The initial character on licence plates issued in Liaoning
Liaoning
is: 辽 (Liáo)

辽A—Shenyang 辽B—Dalian 辽C—Anshan 辽D—Fushun 辽E—Benxi 辽F—Dandong 辽G—Jinzhou 辽H—Yingkou 辽J—Fuxin 辽K—Liaoyang 辽L—Panjin 辽M—Tieling 辽N—Chaoyang 辽O—Police Vehicles 辽P—Huludao

Qinghai[edit] The initial character on licence plates issued in Qinghai
Qinghai
is: 青 (Qīng)

青A—Xining 青B—Haidong 青C—Haibei Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture 青D—Huangnan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture 青E— Hainan
Hainan
Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture 青F—Golog Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture 青G—Gyêgu Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture 青H—Haixi Mongol and Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture

Shaanxi[edit] The initial character on licence plates issued in Shaanxi
Shaanxi
is: 陕 (Shǎn)

陕A—Xi'an 陕A T — Taxis in Xi'an 陕A U — Taxis in Xi'an 陕A V — Provincial-level agencies 陕B—Tongchuan 陕C—Baoji 陕D—Xianyang 陕E—Weinan 陕F—Hanzhong 陕G—Ankang 陕H—Shangluo 陕J—Yan'an 陕K—Yulin 陕V — Yangling Gaoxin Agricultural Zone

Shandong[edit] The initial character on licence plates issued in Shandong
Shandong
is: 鲁 (Lǔ)

鲁A—Jinan 鲁B—Qingdao 鲁C—Zibo 鲁D—Zaozhuang 鲁E—Dongying 鲁F—Yantai 鲁G—Weifang 鲁H—Jining 鲁J—Tai'an 鲁K—Weihai 鲁L—Rizhao 鲁M—Binzhou 鲁N—Dezhou 鲁O—Local government 鲁P—Liaocheng 鲁Q—Linyi 鲁R—Heze 鲁S—Laiwu 鲁U— Qingdao
Qingdao
Extra (for taxis, tour buses, etc.) 鲁V— Weifang
Weifang
Extra 鲁W— Jinan
Jinan
Extra

Shanxi[edit] The initial character on licence plates issued in Shanxi
Shanxi
is: 晋 (Jìn)

晋A—Taiyuan 晋B—Datong 晋C—Yangquan 晋D—Changzhi 晋E—Jincheng 晋F—Shuozhou 晋H—Xinzhou 晋J—Lüliang 晋K—Jinzhong 晋L—Linfen 晋M—Yuncheng

Sichuan[edit] The initial character on licence plates issued in Sichuan
Sichuan
is: 川 (Chuān)

川A—Chengdu 川B—Mianyang 川C—Zigong 川D—Panzhihua 川E—Luzhou 川F—Deyang 川H—Guangyuan 川J—Suining 川K—Neijiang 川L—Leshan 川M—Ziyang 川Q—Yibin 川R—Nanchong 川S—Dazhou 川T—Ya'an 川U—Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture 川V—Garzê Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture 川W—Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture 川X—Guang'an 川Y—Bazhong 川Z—Meishan

Yunnan[edit] The initial character on licence plates issued in Yunnan
Yunnan
is: 云 (Yún)

云A—Kunming 云C—Zhaotong 云D—Qujing 云E—Chuxiong Yi Autonomous Prefecture 云F—Yuxi 云G—Honghe Hani and Yi Autonomous Prefecture 云H—Wenshan Zhuang and Miao Autonomous Prefecture 云J—Pu'er 云K—Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture 云L—Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture 云M—Baoshan 云N—Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture 云P—Lijiang 云Q—Nujiang Lisu Autonomous Prefecture 云R—Diqing Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture 云S—Lincang

Zhejiang[edit] The initial character on licence plates issued in Zhejiang
Zhejiang
is: 浙 (Zhè)

浙A—Hangzhou 浙B—Ningbo 浙C—Wenzhou 浙D—Shaoxing 浙E—Huzhou 浙F—Jiaxing 浙G—Jinhua 浙H—Quzhou 浙J—Taizhou 浙K—Lishui 浙L—Zhoushan 浙O — Black license plates belonging to cars registered to foreign enterprises

Autonomous regions[edit] Guangxi[edit] The initial character on licence plates issued in Guangxi
Guangxi
is: 桂 (Guì)

桂A—Nanning 桂B—Liuzhou 桂C—Guilin 桂D—Wuzhou 桂E—Beihai 桂F—Chongzuo 桂G—Laibin 桂H—Guilin 桂J—Hezhou 桂K—Yulin 桂L—Baise 桂M—Hechi 桂N—Qinzhou 桂P—Fangchenggang 桂R—Guigang

Inner Mongolia[edit] The initial character on licence plates issued in Inner Mongolia
Mongolia
is: 蒙 (Měng)

蒙A—Hohhot 蒙B—Baotou 蒙C—Wuhai 蒙D—Chifeng 蒙E—Hulunbuir 蒙F—Hinggan League 蒙G—Tongliao 蒙H—Xilin Gol League 蒙J—Ulaan Chab 蒙K—Ordos 蒙L—Bayan Nur 蒙M—Alxa League

Ningxia[edit] The initial character on licence plates issued in Ningxia
Ningxia
is: 宁 (Níng)

宁A—Yinchuan 宁B—Shizuishan 宁C—Wuzhong 宁D—Guyuan 宁E—Zhongwei

Xizang Tibetan Autonomous Region[edit] Initial character of licence plates used in Xizang Tibetan Autonomous Region is: 藏 (Zàng)

藏A—Lhasa 藏B—Qamdo 藏C—Shannan 藏D—Xigazê 藏E—Naqu Prefecture 藏F—Ngari Prefecture 藏G—Nyingchi

Xinjiang[edit] The initial character on licence plates issued in Xinjiang
Xinjiang
is: 新 (Xīn)

新A—Ürümqi 新B—Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture 新C—Shihezi 新D—Kuitun 新E—Börtala Mongol Autonomous Prefecture 新F—Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture 新G—Qoqek 新H—Altay 新J—Karamay 新K—Turpan 新L—Hami 新M—Bayin'gholin Mongol Autonomous Prefecture 新N—Aksu Prefecture 新P—Kizilsu Kirghiz Autonomous Prefecture 新Q—Kashgar 新R—Hotan

See also[edit]

Licence plates of Hong Kong Licence plates of Macau Vehicle registration plates of Taiwan

References[edit]

^ "How Many Cars are There in China?". ChinaAutoWeb.com.  ^ Fauna, 1 December 2009, Caught: Fake Chinese Military Vehicle License Plates, ChinaSMACK ^ Wu Zhong, 21 November 2007, Drivers with a license to kill in China, Asia Times ^ a b c 12 April 2008, Bogus Military Vehicles And Plates Seized, Sky News ^ 2008-04-11, Military Cracks Down on Fake License Plates, Xinhua ^ 16 June 2009, Chinese army, police seize thousands of fake military license plates, IDs, People's Daily ^ "新能源汽车专用号牌将在5城市试点启用". Ministry of Public Security of the People's Republic of China. 2016-11-21. Archived from the original on 2016-11-22. Retrieved 2016-11-21. 

External links[edit]

Scanned images of GA36-2007 (License plate of motor vehicle of China)

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