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VEDIC MYTHOLOGY refers to the mythological aspects of the historical Vedic religion and Vedic literature , alluded to in the hymns of the Rigveda
Rigveda
. The central myth at the base of Vedic ritual surrounds Indra who, inebriated with Soma , slays the dragon (ahi) Vrtra , freeing the rivers , the cows and Dawn .

Vedic lore contains numerous elements which are common to Indo-European mythological traditions, like the mythologies of Persia , Greece , and Rome , and that of the Celtic, Germanic, Baltic and Slavic peoples. The Vedic god Indra
Indra
in part corresponds to Dyaus Pitar , the Sky Father, Zeus
Zeus
and Jupiter or Perun
Perun
. The deity Yama
Yama
, the lord of the dead, is Yima of Persian mythology. Vedic hymns refer to these and other deities, often 33, consisting of 8 Vasus, 11 Rudras, 12 Adityas, and the late Rigvedic Prajapati. These deities belong to the 3 dimensions of the universe/heavens, the earth, and the intermediate space. Some major deities of the Vedic tradition include Indra
Indra
, Surya , Agni
Agni
, Ushas
Ushas
, Vayu
Vayu
, Varuna
Varuna
, Mitra , Aditi
Aditi
, Yama
Yama
, Soma , Sarasvati
Sarasvati
, Prithvi
Prithvi
, and Rudra
Rudra
.

CONTENTS

* 1 The Vedas
Vedas
in Puranic mythology * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 Further reading

THE VEDAS IN PURANIC MYTHOLOGY

Main article: Puranas
Puranas

The Vishnu
Vishnu
Purana attributes the current arrangement of four Vedas
Vedas
to the mythical sage Vedavyasa . Puranic tradition also postulates a single original Veda that, in varying accounts, was divided into three or four parts. According to the Vishnu
Vishnu
Purana (3.2.18, 3.3.4 etc.) the original Veda was divided into four parts, and further fragmented into numerous shakhas, by Vishnu
Vishnu
in the form of Vyasa
Vyasa
, in the Dvapara Yuga ; the Vayu
Vayu
Purana (section 60) recounts a similar division by Vyasa, at the urging of Brahma
Brahma
. The Bhagavata Purana
Bhagavata Purana
(12.6.37) traces the origin of the primeval Veda to the syllable aum , and says that it was divided into four at the start of Dvapara Yuga, because men had declined in age, virtue and understanding. Another view is that the original veda was called Pranava Veda nad is attributed to Brahmarishi Mayan, the great architect. This Veda is held by Vaastu Vedic Trust. In a differing account, the Bhagavata Purana
Bhagavata Purana
(9.14.43) attributes the division of the primeval veda (om) into three parts to the monarch Pururavas
Pururavas
at the beginning of Treta Yuga
Treta Yuga
. Rig, Sama, Yajur and Atharva constitute the "Four Vedas". The Rig Veda
Rig Veda
(mantras) is a collection of inspired songs or hymns and is a main source of information on the Rig Vedic civilization. The Sama Veda
Sama Veda
(songs) is purely a liturgical collection of melodies (saman). The hymns in the Sama Veda, used as musical notes, were almost completely drawn from the Rigveda
Rigveda
and have no distinctive lessons of their own. The Yajur Veda (rituals) is also a liturgical collection and was made to meet the demands of a ceremonial religion. The Atharva Veda
Atharva Veda
(spells) is completely different from the other three Vedas
Vedas
and is next in importance to Rigveda
Rigveda
with regard to history and sociology.

SEE ALSO

* Hindu
Hindu
mythology * Vedic deities * Historical Vedic religion * Wars of Hindu
Hindu
Mythology

REFERENCES

* ^ Macdonell, Arthur Anthony (1995). Vedic Mythology. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass. ISBN 81-208-1113-5 . * ^ Horace Hayman Wilson
Horace Hayman Wilson
(trans) (1840). "Ch IV". Vishnu
Vishnu
Purana. * ^ "The Four Vedas". About dot Com. Retrieved 7 Nov 2012.

FURTHER READING

* Buitenen, J. A. B. van; Dimmitt, Cornelia (1978). Classical Hindu mythology: a reader in the Sanskrit Puranas. Philadelphia: Temple University Press. ISBN 0-87722-122-7 . CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link ) * Wilkins, W.J. (1882). Hindu
Hindu
mythology, Vedic and Purānic. Thacker, Spink & co. * Williams, George (2001). Handbook of Hindu
Hindu
Mythology. ABC-Clio Inc. ISBN 1-57607-106-5 .

* v * t * e

Hindu
Hindu
deities and texts

GODS

* Trimurti
Trimurti

* Brahma
Brahma

* Vishnu
Vishnu

* Rama
Rama
* Krishna
Krishna

* Shiva
Shiva

* Ganesha
Ganesha
* Kartikeya
Kartikeya
* Hanuman
Hanuman
* Indra
Indra
* Surya * more

GODDESSES

* Tridevi
Tridevi

* Saraswati
Saraswati

* Lakshmi
Lakshmi

* Sita
Sita
* Radha
Radha

* Parvati
Parvati

* Sati * Kali
Kali
* Adi Parashakti
Adi Parashakti
* Mahavidya
Mahavidya

* Durga
Durga
* Shakti
Shakti
* Navadurga
Navadurga
* Matrikas
Matrikas
* more

TEXTS

* Vedas
Vedas

* Rig * Sama * Yajur * Atharva

* Upanishads
Upanishads
* Puranas
Puranas
* Ramayana
Ramayana

* Mahabharata
Mahabharata

* Bhagavad Gita
Bhagavad Gita

* Yoga Sutras of Patanjali
Yoga Sutras of Patanjali
* more

* Hinduism
Hinduism
* Hindu
Hindu

.