Vasily Nikitich Tatishchev (Russian: Васи́лий Ники́тич
Тати́щев) (April 19, 1686 – July 15, 1750) was a prominent
Russian statesman, and ethnographer, best remembered as the author of
the first full-scale Russian history and founder of three Russian
cities: Stavropol-on-Volga (now Tolyatti), Yekaterinburg, and Perm.
Throughout this work, he advocates his favourite idea that autocracy
is the perfect form of government for Russia.
6 External links
A male-line descendant of the 9th-century prince Rurik, Tatischev was
Pskov on April 19, 1686. Having graduated from the
Engineering school in Moscow, he took part in the 1700-1721 Great
Northern War with Sweden. In the service of Peter the Great he gained
a prominent post in the Foreign Office, which he used to oppose the
policies of the
Supreme Privy Council and support Anna's ascension to
the Russian throne in 1730.
He was entrusted by Anna with a lucrative office of the management of
Ural factories. At that post he founded the cities of
Yekaterinburg, which have since grown into the veritable capitals of
the Urals. A monument to him was opened in
Perm in 2003. During the
Bashkir War of 1735-40 he was in command of Siberian operations from
the winter of 1736-37 and head of the whole operation from the spring
of 1737. He was removed from command after March 1739, nominally on
charges of corruption, but mainly because he had made too many
enemies. Tatischev finished his official career as a governor of
Astrakhan (1741-44). He died at the Boldino estate near
Moscow on July
Having retired from active service, the elderly statesman dedicated
himself to scholarly pursuits. Feeling that the Russian historiography
had been neglected, he discovered and published several legal
monuments of great interest, e.g.,
Russkaya Pravda and
1550. His magnum opus was the first sketch of Russian history,
entitled Russian History Dating Back to the Most Ancient Times and
published in 5 volumes after his death. He also compiled the first
encyclopedic dictionary of the Russian language.
The scientific merits of Tatischev's work were disputed even in the
18th century. It is true that he used some chronicles that have since
been lost, leading Iakov Lur'e to write of "Tatishchev Information,"
which he defined as "data unique to that historian," but most of
them (notably the Ioachim Chronicle) were of dubious authenticity. It
is also true that he could never tell a genuine work from a fake, and
some incidents inserted in his history could have been products of his
own fancy. Only recently some prominent historians have demonstrated
that Tatischev's lost sources may actually be relied on.[dubious –
A settlement and a district in
Saratov Oblast are named after
Tatishchev. There are monuments to Tatishchev in
Yekaterinburg and in 1998 a large equestrian statue of Tatishchev was
estasblished in Tolyatti.
^ Ia. S. Lur'e, "The Problem of Source Criticism (With Reference to
Medieval Russian Documents)," Slavic Review Vol. 27, No. 1. (Mar.,
1968), pp. 1-22.
Popov N.: Tatischev and His Time. Moscow, 1861.
Deutch G. M.: Vasily Nikitich Tatischev. Sverdlovsk, 1962.
Peshtich S. L.: Russian historiography of the 18th century, vol. 1-2.
Leningrad, 1961, 1965.
Anikin, Andréi : Los Pensadores Rusos. Ideas Socioeconómicas en
la Rusia de los Siglos XVIII y XIX,Editorial Progreso, pp.
34-37,URRSS, Moscú, 1990.
Russian biography with a portrait (PDF)
Tatischev's views on history
History of Perm
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