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Vasai (English: /ˈvɑːs/ (About this sound listen)), historically known as Bassein or Baçaim is a historical suburban town in Palghar district of Maharashtra state in Konkan division. It forms a part of Vasai-Virar city.

The Portuguese built Bassein Fort here to strengthen their naval superiority over the Arabian Sea. In the 18th century, the fort was taken over by the Maratha army and fell in 1739 after a three-year-long campaign.

The British then took over the territory from the Marathas in the First Anglo-Maratha War.[1]

Map of Bassein (c. 1539)

Climate

Overall climate is equable with high rainfall days and very few days of extreme temperatures. The temperature varies from 22–36 °C (72–97 °F). In winter temperature is between 12–25 °C (54–77 °F) while summer temperature ranges from 36–41 °C (97–106 °F). Out of total rainfall, 80% rainfall is experienced during June to October. Average annual rainfall is 2,000–2,500 mm (79–98 in) and humidity is 61—86%, making it a humid-prehumid[clarification needed] zone. The driest days are in winter while the wettest days are experienced in July.

Industrialisation

The eastern part of Vasai is highly industrialised, with small- and medium-scale units producing a wide variety of goods.

Transport

The local railway station is known as Vasai Road. The Vasai-Virar Municipal Corporation buses run on all major routes. Even State Transport buses provide long distance travel from Vasai. Besides, auto rickshaws are the main source of transport in the region.

Use as filming location

Vasai is gaining popularity as a good shooting destination with itinternational hit song 'Hymn for the Weekend' by British Band Coldplay was shot here. The video has more than 800 million views on YouTube as of October 2017. Another hit 'Lean On' by EDM group Major Lazer and DJ Snake was shot in Vasai in March 2015. It has more than 2 billion views on YouTube. The Bassein Fort is a popular shooting location for Bollywood movies and songs as well. The bollywood hit ″Kambakth Ishq″ from Pyaar Tune Kya Kiya was one of the Bollywood songs. Movies such as Josh starring Shah Rukh Khan and Love Ke Liye Kuch Bhi Karega had a good number of scenes from Bassein Fort. Recently in April 2017, some scenes from Bhoomi starring Sanjay Dutt were shot around 'Parnaka' area in Vasai.

References

  1. ^ Naravane, M.S. (2014). Battles of the Honorourable East India Company. A.P.H. Publishing Corporation. p. 60. ISBN 9788131300343. 

See also