HOME
The Info List - Varhadi Dialect


--- Advertisement ---



Varhadi is a dialect of Marathi spoken in Vidarbha
Vidarbha
region of Maharashtra
Maharashtra
and by Marathi people
Marathi people
of adjoining parts of Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh
Chhattisgarh
and Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
in India.

Contents

1 Vocabulary and Grammar 2 See also 3 References 4 External links

Vocabulary and Grammar[edit] Although all the dialects of Marathi are mutually intelligible to one another up to a great extent, each dialect can be distinctly identified by its unique characteristics. Likewise, Varhadi replaces the case endings la (ला) & na (ना) of standard Marathi with le (ले), a feature it shares with neighboring Khandeshi dialect. So, mala (मला) (to me) of standard Marathi becomes male (मले) while tyanna (त्यांना) (to them) becomes tyahile in (त्याहिले) Varhadi. Despite being a dialect of Marathi, the vocabulary as well as grammar of Varhadi is significantly influenced by Hindi
Hindi
due proximity of Vidarbha
Vidarbha
to Madhya Pradesh. The common examples of Hindi
Hindi
words in Varhadi which are different than standard Marathi are:

Varhadi Hindi Standard Marathi English

Sīdhā (सीधा) Sīdhā (सीधा) Saraḷ (सरळ) Straight

Budā (बुडा ) Buddhā (बुढ्ढा) Mhātārā (म्हातारा) Old man

Pagalā (पगला) Pāgal (पागल) Vedā (वेडा) Mad

Aṅgūr (अंगूर) Aṅgūr (अंगूर) Drākśa (द्राक्ष) Grapes

The grammatical changes in Varhadi differing from standard Marathi & closer to Hindi
Hindi
are:

Varhadi Hindi Standard Marathi English

Mī jā'un rāhilō (मी जाउन राहिलो) Maiṁ jā rahā hūṁ (मैं जा रहा हूं) Mī zātōy (मी जातोय) I am going

Mī ālī (मी आली) Maiṁ āyī (मैं आयी) Mī ālē (मी आले) I (feminine) came

Tujhāvālā pēn dē (तुझावाला पेन दे) Apnā pēn dē (अपना पेन दो ) Tuzhā pēn dē (तुझं पेन दे) Give your pen

Pānī ghēūn ghē (पानी घेऊन घे) Pānī lē lō (पानी ले लो) Pānī ghē (पाणी घे) (Please) Have water.

Apart from this, there are many words & phrases indigenous to Varhadi i.e. common to neither standard Marathi nor Hindi. For instance, to give stress on a request or an order, suffix zo (जो) (singular)/ zā (जा) (plural) is used like "Mahya porichya lagnale ye za (माह्या पोरीच्या लग्नाले येजा ) "Please attend my daughter’s wedding." Also, there are words & phrases maintained by Varhadi which were present in older Marathi (spoken 300 years ago or even prior to that) and have vanished from mainstream Marathi. E.g., in vocative case, aga (अगा) is said in Varhadi instead of ‘are’ (अरे) of standard Marathi. Another good example is the sentence construction of past continuous tense e.g. in Varhadi, it is said ‘Tho bahu abhyas kare" (थो बहू अभ्यास करे) (He studied a lot) unlike "To khup abhyas karaycha" (तो खूप अभ्यास करायचा) of standard Marathi. In most of the Indo-Aryan languages
Indo-Aryan languages
(or even in Dravidian languages, for that matter), Sanskritized words of standard language get simplified in spoken dialects. Exceptionally, Varhadi has a few Sanskrit
Sanskrit
tatsama words for whom the standard Marathi counterparts are modified words (tadbhava shabda) such as in eastern parts of Vidarbha, snake is called sarpa (सर्प) unlike sāp (साप) of standard Marathi. The forms of Varhadi vary in different parts of Vidarbha
Vidarbha
and also, as per castes. The influence of Hindi
Hindi
increases as one moves towards Madhya Pradesh. E.g. in the parts adjacent to Madhya Pradesh, ‘zana padte’ (जानं पडते) (I have to go) is preferred over ‘zaa lagte’ (जा लागते), which is similar to Hindi ‘jana padta hai’ (जाना पडता है). Also, consonant ‘cha’ (च) (like in chook)(चूक), prevalent in Marathi but absent in Hindi, is often pronounced as ‘cha’ like in vachan (वचन). So, paach (पाच) (five) may be pronounced as paanch of Hindi. In the areas closer to Marathwada
Marathwada
region of Maharashtra
Maharashtra
and on the contrary, distant to Madhya Pradesh, Varhadi is influenced by dialects of adjacent parts of Marathwada. One can easily recognize a person from Pusad, Digras or Umarkhed taluka of Yavatmal
Yavatmal
district by his sentence of present continuous tense. Somebody from this area will say ‘me mandirat zaylo’ (मी मंदिरात जायलो) (I am going to visit a temple) instead of ‘mee mandirat zaun rahilo’ (मी मंदिरात जाऊन राहिलो) of other parts of Vidarbha. Similarly, the tone of speech in Chikhli, Mehkar, Deulgaonraja talukas of Buldana
Buldana
district is similar to that of nearby parts of Marathwada. If someone from this area speaks to a person from Nagpur
Nagpur
or Wardha, the latter may get confused whether the former is from Vidarbha
Vidarbha
or Marathwada. Likewise, Khandeshi
Khandeshi
dialect spoken in parts of Jalgaon
Jalgaon
district adjacent to Vidarbha
Vidarbha
is too similar to be differentiated from Varhadi of Malkapur- Shegaon
Shegaon
belt of Buldana
Buldana
district. See also[edit]

Nagpur Vidarbha
Vidarbha
region of Maharashtra. Languages in Maharashtra

References[edit]

^ Varhadi at Ethnologue
Ethnologue
(18th ed., 2015) ^ Devanagari has been big bigger with LOVEpromulgated as the official script. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Varhadi-Nagpuri". Glottolog
Glottolog
3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 

This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (April 2010) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

External links[edit]

Varhadi dialect test of at Wikimedia Incubator

"Resources in and about the Varhadi-Nagpuri language" Varhadi at India9 Varhadi Language in Penn Libraries

v t e

Languages of India

Official languages

Union-level

Hindi English

8th schedule to the Constitution of India

Assamese Bengali Bodo Dogri Gujarati Hindi Kannada Kashmiri Konkani Maithili Malayalam Meitei (Manipuri) Marathi Nepali Odia Punjabi Sanskrit Sindhi Santali Tamil Telugu Urdu

State-level only

Garo Gurung Khasi Kokborok Lepcha Limbu Mangar Mizo Newari Rai Sherpa Sikkimese Sunwar Tamang

Major unofficial languages

Over 1 million speakers

Angika Awadhi Bagheli Bagri Bajjika Bhili Bhojpuri Bundeli Chhattisgarhi Dhundhari Garhwali Gondi Harauti Haryanvi Ho Kangri Khandeshi Khortha Kumaoni Kurukh Lambadi Magahi Malvi Marwari Mewari Mundari Nimadi Rajasthani Sadri Surjapuri Tulu Wagdi Varhadi

100,000 – 1 million speakers

Adi Angami Ao Dimasa Halbi Karbi Kharia Kodava Kolami Konyak Korku Koya Kui Kuvi Ladakhi Lotha Malto Mishing Nishi Phom Rabha Sema So

.