VARENDRA (or Barind) was a region of
Bengal , now in
Bangladesh . It
Pundra Kingdom region currently part of
Rajshahi Division of Bangladesh.
According to Cunningham the boundary of
Varendra was the
the Mahananda on the west, the Karatoya on the east, the Padma on the
south and the land between Koochbihar and the Terai on the north.
* 1 History
* 2 Modern usage
* 3 See also
* 4 References
Historical evidence attests significant presence of Brahmins in
Bengal during the
Maurya period. The
regarded to be the preceptor of Chandragupta
Maurya , is said to have
been born in Brahmin family of
Pundravardhana (or Puṇḍra, the
region north of the
Ganges and west of Brahmaputra in Bengal, later
known as Vārendra). Such evidences suggest Puṇḍra or Vārendra
and regions west of Bhagirathi (called Radha in ancient age) to be
seats of Brahmins from ancient times; Rādhi and
Varendra are still
chief branches of Bengali Brahmins settled in these regions. Medium to
large scale migrations of Brahmins from parts of India like Kanyakubja
region, Kolancha, southern India and Pushkar in Rajasthan, among other
places, occurred from time to time, especially during Pala and Sena
According to HC Raychoudhuri the Gupta dyansty originated from the
Varendri region. According to the Khalimpur copper plate inscription,
the first Pala Emperor Gopala was the son of a warrior named Vapyata.
The Ramacharitam attests that
Varendra (North Bengal) was the
fatherland (Janakabhu) of the Palas.
Traditionally, Bengali Brahmins are divided into the following
* Rādhi, from the
Rarh region southwest of the Ganges
* Barendra, from the
Varendra or Puṇḍra region. Vārendra
originally meant rain-maker magicians.
Varendra Research Society
Varendra Research Museum
* ^ History of Ancient Bengal, Ramesh Chandra Majumdar, 1971
Varendra additional terms
Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. , a non-profit organization.
* Cookie statement
* Mobile view