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Evángelos Odysséas Papathanassíou (Greek: Ευάγγελος Οδυσσέας Παπαθανασίου, IPA: [evˈaɲɟelos oðiˈseas papaθanaˈsiu] (born 29 March 1943), best known professionally as Vangelis[a] (/væŋˈɡɛlɪs/),[b] is a Greek composer of electronic, progressive, ambient, jazz, and orchestral music.[1] He is best known for his Academy Award–winning score for the film Chariots of Fire, composing scores for the films Blade Runner, Missing, Antarctica, 1492: Conquest of Paradise, and Alexander, and the use of his music in the PBS documentary Cosmos: A Personal Voyage by Carl Sagan.[1] Vangelis
Vangelis
began his professional musical career working with several popular bands of the 1960s such as the Forminx and Aphrodite's Child, with the latter's album 666 going on to be recognized as a psychedelic classic.[1][2] Throughout the 1970s, Vangelis
Vangelis
composed music scores for several animal documentaries, including L'Apocalypse des Animaux, La Fête sauvage
La Fête sauvage
and Opéra sauvage; the success of these scores brought him into the film scoring mainstream. In the early 1980s, Vangelis
Vangelis
formed a musical partnership with Jon Anderson, the lead singer of progressive rock band Yes, and the duo went on to release several albums together as Jon & Vangelis. In 1981, he composed the score for the Oscar-winning film Chariots of Fire, for which he won an Academy Award for Best Original Score. The soundtrack's single, the film's "Titles" theme, also reached the top of the American Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100
chart and was used as the background music at the London 2012 Olympics
London 2012 Olympics
winners' medal presentation ceremonies.[1] Vangelis
Vangelis
also received acclaim for his synthesizer-based soundtrack for the 1982 film Blade Runner. Having had a career in music spanning over 50 years and having composed and performed more than 50 albums, Vangelis
Vangelis
is considered to be one of the most important figures in the history of electronic music.[3][4][5]

Contents

1 Biography

1.1 Formative years 1.2 Work in Aphrodite's Child
Aphrodite's Child
and other bands 1.3 Early solo works 1.4 Solo career breakthrough 1.5 Notable film work

1.5.1 Chariots of Fire 1.5.2 Blade Runner 1.5.3 1492: Conquest of Paradise

1.6 Other works

1.6.1 World and Olympic Games

1.7 2000s Mythodea, El Greco, Rosetta

2 Personal life 3 Musical style and compositional process 4 Honours and legacy 5 AFI 6 Discography 7 See also 8 Notes 9 References 10 External links

Biography[edit] Formative years[edit] Vangelis
Vangelis
was born 29 March 1943, in Agria, near Volos, Greece. Largely a self-taught musician, he reportedly began composing at the age of three.[1] His earliest memories include playing piano, percussion, and music of his own device.[6] Throughout his career, Vangelis
Vangelis
did not have substantial knowledge of reading or writing musical notation.[citation needed] He rebuffed his parents' attempts to supplement his experimentation with formal training.[7] Vangelis
Vangelis
has called himself fortunate to not attend music school, which he considers a creative impediment.[3] He studied painting, an art he still practices, at the Athens School of Fine Arts.[citation needed] Vangelis
Vangelis
said in an interview with Life, when asked about his lack of ability to read music:

When the teachers asked me to play something, I would pretend that I was reading it and play from memory. I didn't fool them, but I didn't care.[8]

Work in Aphrodite's Child
Aphrodite's Child
and other bands[edit] When Vangelis
Vangelis
was twelve years old he became interested in jazz music, and with the social movement to rock and roll.[9] At fifteen years old he started to form early school bands, not to cover other musicians, but to have fun,[10] resulting in the early 1960s being one of the founders of pop rock group The Forminx (or the Formynx), which became popular in Greece.[11] Based in Athens, the five-piece band played a mixture of cover versions and their own material, the latter written mostly by Vangelis
Vangelis
(with lyrics by DJ and record producer Nico Mastorakis) but still sung in English. The Forminx released nine hit singles and a Christmas EP before disbanding in 1966 at the peak of their success.[11] A film being made about them at the time, which was initially directed by Theo Angelopoulos, was never fully completed, and the songs, composed for the movie, were never released. Vangelis spent the next two years mostly studio-bound, writing and producing for other Greek artists.[12] Around the time of the student riots in 1968,[3] Vangelis
Vangelis
founded progressive rock band Aphrodite's Child
Aphrodite's Child
together with Demis Roussos, Loukas Sideras, and Anargyros "Silver" Koulouris. After an unsuccessful attempt to enter the UK, they found a home in Paris where they recorded their first single, a hit across much of Europe called "Rain and Tears". Other singles followed, including two albums, which, in total, sold over 20 million copies. The record sales led the record company to request a third album, and Vangelis
Vangelis
went on to conceive the double-album 666, based on Revelation, the last book in the Bible. It is often listed as one of the best progressive rock albums.[3] One of the many remarkable features of this album is Irene Papas's guest participation (vocal on "Infinity"). Tensions between members during the recording of 666 eventually caused the split of the band in 1971, but the album was still released in 1972. Despite the split, Vangelis has since produced several albums and singles for Demis Roussos, who, in turn, contributed vocals to the Blade Runner soundtrack.[12][13][14] He often recalls on music industry:

I moved into the record industry. I was under the impression that in order to be alive and to be able to create what I had in mind I had to become successful. I realised that success and pure creativity are not very compatible... Instead of being able to move forward freely and do what you really wish, you find yourself stuck and obliged to repeat yourself and your previous success.[15]

Early solo works[edit] While still in Aphrodite's Child, Vangelis
Vangelis
had already been involved in other projects. In the 1960s he scored music for three Greek films My Brother, the Traffic Policeman (1963) directed by Filippos Fylaktos, 5,000 Lies (1966) by Giorgos Konstantinou, To Prosopo tis Medousas (1967) by Nikos Koundouros. In 1970 composed the score for Sex-Power directed by Henry Chapier, as well again for Salut, Jerusalem (1972) and Amore (1974).[1] In 1971, some jam sessions with a group of musicians in London had resulted in two albums' worth of material, unofficially released without Vangelis' permission in 1978, titled Hypothesis and The Dragon. Vangelis
Vangelis
succeeded in taking legal action to have them withdrawn.[16] A more successful project was his scoring of wildlife documentary films in the early 1970s made by French filmmaker Frédéric Rossif. The first soundtrack L'Apocalypse des animaux was released in 1973.[17] In 1972, the student riots of 1968 provided the inspiration for an album titled Fais que ton rêve soit plus long que la nuit (Make Your Dream Last Longer Than the Night), comprising musical passages mixed with news snippets and protest songs; some lyrics were based on graffiti daubed on walls during the riots.[17][18] He also did music for the 1973 Henry Chapier
Henry Chapier
film Amore. In 1973 Vangelis' solo career began in earnest. His second solo album was Earth. It was a percussive-orientated album with Byzantine undertones.[17] It featured a group of musicians including ex- Aphrodite's Child
Aphrodite's Child
guitarist Silver Koulouris and also vocalist and songwriter Robert Fitoussi
Robert Fitoussi
(better known as F.R. David
F.R. David
of "Words" fame).[19] This line-up, later briefly going out under the name "Odyssey", released a single in 1974 titled "Who", but that was Vangelis' last involvement with them. Later in 1974, Vangelis
Vangelis
was widely tipped to join another prog-rock band, Yes, following the departure of Rick Wakeman. After a couple of weeks of rehearsals Vangelis
Vangelis
wavered on the option of joining Yes,[16][20] and the band had to detour and hire Swiss keyboard player Patrick Moraz
Patrick Moraz
instead, who later joined the Moody Blues. Vangelis
Vangelis
did, however, become friends with Yes' lead vocalist Jon Anderson, and later worked with him on several occasions, including as the duo Jon & Vangelis.[21] Solo career breakthrough[edit] After moving to London in 1975, Vangelis
Vangelis
signed with RCA Records, set up his own studio, Nemo Studios,[22] and began recording a string of electronic albums,[1] such as Heaven
Heaven
and Hell
Hell
(1975), Albedo 0.39 (1976), Spiral (1977), Beaubourg (1978), and China (1979). The Heaven and Hell
Hell
was premiered at The Royal Albert Hall.[23] Each of the albums had special thematic inspiration; Heaven
Heaven
and Hell
Hell
the homonymous mythological places, Albedo 0.39
Albedo 0.39
the universe, Spiral the Tao
Tao
philosophy,[23] Beaubourg the visit to the Centre Georges Pompidou, while China the Chinese cultural and musical traditions.[24] In 1977 was re-released (originally released in 1975) the film score of Do You Hear the Dogs Barking?
Do You Hear the Dogs Barking?
directed by François Reichenbach.[24] In 1976 was released the second soundtrack for Rossif animal documentary, La Fête sauvage, which combined African rhythms with Western music.[24] In 1979 was released the third score album for Rossif, Opéra sauvage. Almost as well known as L'Apocalypse des animaux, the resulting soundtrack would bring him to the attention of some of the world's top filmmakers. The music itself would be re-used in other films (most notably the track "L'Enfant" in The Year of Living Dangerously (1982) by Peter Weir; the melody of same (in marching band format) can also be heard at the beginning of the 1924 Summer Olympics opening ceremonies scene in the film Chariots of Fire and television commercials (the track "Hymne", used in Barilla pasta commercials in Italy and Ernest & Julio Gallo wine ads in the US).[25][26] They again collaborated for Sauvage et Beau (1984),[27] De Nuremburg à Nuremburg (1989).[28] In 1979 was released album Odes, which included Greek folk songs performed by Vangelis
Vangelis
and actress Irene Papas. It was instant success in Greece.[24] It was followed by second collaboration album Rapsodies in 1986.[26] In the 1980s were released five solo albums; the experimental and satirical See You Later (1980) included "Memories of Green" which featured in the upcoming 1982 film Blade Runner;[29] Soil Festivities was thematically inspired by the interaction between nature and its microscopic living creatures;[27] Invisible Connections
Invisible Connections
(1985) by the world of elementary particles invisible to the naked eye;[27] Mask (1985) by the theme of the mask, an obsolete artefact which was used in ancient times for concealment or amusement;[27] and Direct (1988), the first album to be recorded in the post- Nemo Studios era.[28] In the 1990s were also released five solo albums; The City (1990) was recorded during his stay in Rome
Rome
in 1989, and reflected a day of bustling city life, from dawn until dusk;[28] Voices (1995) featured sensual songs filled with nocturnal orchestrations; Oceanic (1996) thematically explored the mystery of underwater worlds and sea sailing;[30] two classical albums about El Greco
El Greco
- Foros Timis Ston Greco (1995), which had limited release, and El Greco
El Greco
(1998), which was an expansion of the former.[31] Notable film work[edit] Chariots of Fire[edit]

With the stars of the stage adaptation of Chariots of Fire
Chariots of Fire
at the Gielgud Theatre, July 2012

Main article: Chariots of Fire
Chariots of Fire
(album) In 1981, Vangelis
Vangelis
wrote the score for the film Chariots of Fire, set at the 1924 Summer Olympics. The choice of music was unorthodox as most period films featured traditional orchestral scores, whereas Vangelis' music was modern and synthesizer-heavy. The movie won the Academy Award for Best Picture and Vangelis
Vangelis
won the Academy Award for Best Original Music Score. The opening theme of the film was released as a single in 1982, topping the American Billboard chart for one week after climbing steadily for five months.[32] It was used at the 1984 Winter Olympics.[3] Vangelis
Vangelis
commented that the "main inspiration was the story itself. The rest I did instinctively, without thinking about anything else, other than to express my feelings with the technological means available to me at the time".[15] Blade Runner[edit] Main article: Blade Runner
Blade Runner
(soundtrack) In 1982, Vangelis
Vangelis
collaborated with director Ridley Scott, to write the score for the science fiction film Blade Runner.[33] Critics have written that capturing the isolation and melancholy of Harrison Ford's character, Rick Deckard, the Vangelis
Vangelis
score is as much a part of the dystopian environment as the decaying buildings and ever-present rain.[34] The music score was nominated for a BAFTA and Golden Globe award. A disagreement led to Vangelis
Vangelis
withholding permission for his performance of the music from Blade Runner
Blade Runner
to be released, and the studio instead hired a group of musicians dubbed "The New American Orchestra" to record the official LP released at the time. It took 12 years before the disagreement was resolved and Vangelis's own work was released in the United States, in 1994. The soundtrack was still incomplete, as the film contained some non- Vangelis
Vangelis
tracks as well.[35] Over the years a number of bootleg recordings of the Blade Runner soundtrack from unknown sources have been released, mostly targeted to collectors as "private releases", that contain most of the music cues (including the Ladd Company logo theme).[36] An official three-disc box set was released in late 2007 to commemorate the film's 25th anniversary: it contained the original 1994 album, a second disc containing some more of the missing music cues and a third disc of new Vangelis
Vangelis
material inspired by Blade Runner. The 2007 release still lacks some incidental music, most notably the background music from the Taffey Lewis bar scene featuring vocals by Demis Roussos.[37] A 35th anniversary LP of the original soundtrack was released on Record Store Day 2017.[38] 1492: Conquest of Paradise[edit] Main article: 1492: Conquest of Paradise (album) In 1992, Paramount Pictures
Paramount Pictures
released the film 1492: Conquest of Paradise, also directed by Ridley Scott, as a 500th anniversary commemoration of Christopher Columbus' voyage to the New World. Vangelis's score was nominated as "Best Original Score – Motion Picture" at the 1993 Golden Globe
Golden Globe
awards, but was not nominated for an Academy Award.[39] However, due to its success Vangelis
Vangelis
won an Echo Award as "International Artist Of The Year", and RTL Golden Lion Award for the "Best Title Theme for a TV Film or a Series" in 1996.[40] Other works[edit] Carl Sagan's TV series Cosmos: A Personal Voyage (1980),[29] uses several pieces composed by Vangelis
Vangelis
during the 1970s, including the series' opening theme, Heaven
Heaven
and Hell's 3rd movement.[29] In 1986, Vangelis
Vangelis
was actively involved in the composition of new music for the special edition.[26] Vangelis
Vangelis
recalls he was sent by Sagan some sounds collected by satellites, which were exactly what he heard as a child.[3] During 1980, six years after Vangelis
Vangelis
decided against joining Yes, he and Jon Anderson, the lead singer of Yes, released their first album together, Short Stories, under the band name of Jon & Vangelis.[29] They would eventually go on to release three more afterwards; The Friends of Mr Cairo, Private Collection and Page of Life released in 1981, 1983, and 1991 respectively.[41][42][43][44] In 1981 wrote the score for Pablo Picasso Painter, the documentary by Frédéric Rossif. It was the third score by Vangelis
Vangelis
as previous were scored for documentaries about Georges Mathieu
Georges Mathieu
and Georges Braque. In 1982 composed the film score of Missing directed by Costa-Gavras, and which was awarded Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
as well Vangelis
Vangelis
was nominated in BAFTA Award for Best Film Music category.[41] Other notable Vangelis
Vangelis
film soundtracks were Antarctica for the film Nankyoku Monogatari
Nankyoku Monogatari
in 1983, one of the highest-grossing movies in Japan’s film history,[42] and The Bounty in 1984.[27] Vangelis
Vangelis
also collaborated in 1981 and 1986 with Italian singer Milva, achieving success especially in Germany with the albums Ich hab' keine Angst and Geheimnisse (I have no fear and Secrets). The Italian language Nana Mouskouri
Nana Mouskouri
album also featured her singing Vangelis composition "Ti Amerò". Collaboration numbers with lyricist Mikalis Bourboulis sung by Maria Farantouri included the tracks "Odi A", "San Elektra", and "Tora Xero".[35] In the early 1980s he also began composing for ballet and theatre stage plays.[42] In 1983 Vangelis
Vangelis
wrote the music for Michael Cacoyannis' staging of the Greek tragedy Elektra which was performed with Irene Papas
Irene Papas
at the open-air amphitheater at Epidavros in Greece.[42] The same year Vangelis
Vangelis
composed his first score for a ballet by Wayne Eagling. It was originally performed by Lesley Colier and Wayne Eagling himself at an Amnesty International
Amnesty International
gala in Drury Lane,[42] but in 1984 the Royal Ballet School
Royal Ballet School
presented it again at the Sadler's Wells
Sadler's Wells
theatre. In 1985 and 1986, Vangelis
Vangelis
wrote music for two more ballets: "Frankenstein – Modern Prometheus"[26] and "The Beauty and the Beast".[28] In 1992, Vangelis
Vangelis
wrote the music for the Euripides
Euripides
play, Medea, that featured Irene Papas.[43][45] In 2001 composed for the third play which starred Papas, and for The Tempest by Hungarian director György Schwajdas.[46] Vangelis
Vangelis
wrote the film score for the 1992 film Bitter Moon
Bitter Moon
directed by Roman Polanski, and The Plague by film director Luis Puenzo.[43][47] In the 90s, Vangelis
Vangelis
scored a number of undersea documentaries for French ecologist and filmmaker, Jacques Cousteau, one of which was shown at the Earth Summit.[43][48] The music score of the film Cavafy (1996) directed by Yannis Smaragdis,[43] was awarded at the Flanders International Film Festival Ghent and Valencia International Film Festival[40] World and Olympic Games[edit] The Sport Aid (1986) TV broadcast was set to music specially composed by Vangelis.[26] He conceived and staged the ceremony of the 1997 World Championships in Athletics which were held in Greece. He also composed the music as well designed and directed the artistic Olympic flag relay portion, "Handover to Athens", of the closing ceremonies of the 2000 Summer Olympics
2000 Summer Olympics
in Sydney.[49] While no official recording of Vangelis' composition for the 2000 Sydney
Sydney
Games exists, the music can be heard accompanying the presentation of the emblem of the 2004 Athens Games. In 2002, Vangelis
Vangelis
created the official Anthem for the 2002 FIFA World Cup.[50] His work from Chariots of Fire
Chariots of Fire
was heard during the 2012 Summer Olympics opening ceremony.[51] 2000s Mythodea, El Greco, Rosetta[edit]

Vangelis
Vangelis
Papathanassiou, as an Honorary Doctor of National and Kapodistrian University of Athens

In 2001, Vangelis
Vangelis
performed live and released choral symphony Mythodea, a predominantly orchestral rather than electronic piece that was originally written in 1993, and used by NASA
NASA
as the theme for the Mars Odyssey
Odyssey
mission.[52] In 2004, Vangelis
Vangelis
released the score for Oliver Stone's Alexander, continuing his involvement with projects related to Greece.[3][53] Vangelis
Vangelis
released 2 albums in 2007; the first was a 3-CD set for the 25th anniversary of Blade Runner, titled Blade Runner
Blade Runner
Trilogy and second was the soundtrack for the Greek movie, El Greco
El Greco
directed by Yannis Smaragdis, titled El Greco
El Greco
Original Motion Picture Soundtrack.[54][55][56] On 11 December 2011, Vangelis
Vangelis
was invited by Katara's Cultural Village in the state of Qatar to conceive, design, direct, and compose music for the opening of its world-class outdoor amphitheater. The event was witnessed by a number of world leaders and dignitaries participating in the 4th Forum of the United Nations Alliance of Civilizations
Alliance of Civilizations
held in the city of Doha. British actor Jeremy Irons
Jeremy Irons
performed in the role of ceremony master, and the event featured a light show by German artist Gert Hof. It was filmed for a future video release by Oscar-winning British filmmaker Hugh Hudson.[15][57] In 2012, Vangelis
Vangelis
re-tooled and added new pieces to his iconic Chariots of Fire
Chariots of Fire
soundtrack, for use in the same-titled stage adaptation.[15][58] He composed the soundtrack of the environmental documentary film Trashed (2012) directed by Candida Brady, in which starred Jeremy Irons,[59] as well scored the music for the film Twilight of Shadows
Twilight of Shadows
(2014) directed by Mohammed Lakhdar-Hamina.[60] In 2013 was released documentary film Vangelis
Vangelis
And The Journey to Ithaka.[5] For the 12 November 2014 landing of the Philae lander on Comet 67P (part of the European Space Agency's Rosetta mission), Vangelis composed three short pieces titled "Arrival", "Rosetta's Waltz", and "Philae's Journey". The pieces were released online as videos accompanied by images and animations from the Rosetta mission.[61] He was quoted by ESA as saying, "Mythology, science and space exploration are subjects that have fascinated me since my early childhood. And they were always connected somehow with the music I write". In September 2016, the works were released as part of the new studio album Rosetta.[62] Personal life[edit] For an artist of his stature, very little is known about Vangelis' personal life and he rarely gives official interviews to journalists.[16] However, in a 2005 interview with The Daily Telegraph, Vangelis
Vangelis
talked openly about various parts of his life. He stated in the interview that he was "never interested" in the "decadent lifestyle" of his band days, choosing not to use alcohol or other drugs.[3] At the time of the Telegraph interview, Vangelis
Vangelis
was involved in his third long-term relationship. When asked why he had not had children, Vangelis
Vangelis
replied:

…Because of the amount of travelling I do and the nonsense of the music business, I couldn't take care of a child in the way I think it should be taken care of.[3]

It is not publicly known where Vangelis
Vangelis
generally resides; he has stated that he "travels around", rather than settling down in one specific place or country for long periods of time. As a hobby, Vangelis
Vangelis
enjoys painting; his first art exhibition of 70 paintings was held at Almudin in Valencia, Spain in 2003 and then toured South America until the end of 2004.[3][15][63][64] Excerpts from other interviews mention that Vangelis
Vangelis
has been married twice before. In a 1976 interview with Dutch music magazine Oor, the author wrote that Vangelis
Vangelis
had a wife named Veronique Skawinska, a photographer who had done some album art work for Vangelis.[14][65] An interview in 1982 with Backstage music magazine suggests that Vangelis had previously been married to a singer named Vana Verouti,[66][67] who had performed vocals on some of his records, performing for the first time with him on La Fête sauvage
La Fête sauvage
and later on Heaven
Heaven
and Hell. Musical style and compositional process[edit] The musical style of Vangelis
Vangelis
is diverse; although he primarily uses electronic music instruments, which characterize electronic music, his music has been described as a mixture of electronica,[68] classical (his music is often symphonic), progressive rock,[69] jazz (improvisations),[16] ambient,[69][70] avant-garde/experimental,[69][71] world,[16][72] and new-age.[71] Vangelis
Vangelis
is often categorized as a New-age composer, but some consider it an erroneous classification. Vangelis
Vangelis
considers it a style which "gave the opportunity for untalented people to make very boring music".[3] As a musician who has always composed and played primarily on keyboards, Vangelis
Vangelis
relies heavily on synthesizers[73] and other electronic approaches to music. However, he also plays and uses many acoustic instruments (including folk[1]) and choirs:

I don't always play synthesizers. I play acoustic instruments with the same pleasure. I'm happy when I have unlimited choice; in order to do that, you need everything from simple acoustic sounds to electronic sounds.[16] Sound is sound and vibration is vibration, whether from an electronic source or an acoustic instrument.[15]

Synthtopia, an electronic music review website, stated that Vangelis' music could be referred to as "symphonic electronica"[1] because of his use of synthesizers in an orchestral fashion. The site went on to describe his music as melodic: "drawing on the melodies of folk music, especially the Greek music of his homeland".[74] Vangelis' music and compositions have also been described as "...a distinctive sound with simple, repetitive yet memorable tunes against evocative rhythms and chord progressions."[75] His first electric instrument was a Hammond B3 organ, while first synthesizer a Korg
Korg
700 monophonic.[6] He has often used vibrato on his synthesizers, which was carried out in a distinctive way on his Yamaha CS-80
Yamaha CS-80
polyphonic synthesizer – varying the pressure exerted on the key to produce the expressive vibrato sound. In a 1984 interview Vangelis
Vangelis
described the CS-80 as "The most important synthesizer in my career — and for me the best analogue synthesizer design there has ever been."[6] In an interview with Soundtrack, a music and film website, Vangelis talked about his compositional processes. For films, Vangelis
Vangelis
stated that he would begin composing a score for a feature as soon as he sees a rough cut of the footage.[76] In addition to working with synthesizers and other electronic instruments, Vangelis
Vangelis
also works with and conducts orchestras. For example, in the Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
film Alexander, Vangelis
Vangelis
conducted an orchestra that consisted of various classical instruments including sitars, percussion, finger cymbals, harps, and duduks.[77]

He explains his customary method of approach. As soon as the musical idea is there, as many keyboards as possible are connected to the control-desk, which in turn are directly connected to the applicable tracks of the multi-track machine. The idea now is to play as many keyboards as possible at the same time. That way, as broad a basis as possible develops, which only needs fine-tuning. After that it's a question of adding things or leaving out things.[78]

Vangelis
Vangelis
once used digital sampling keyboard E-mu Emulator.[6] While acknowledging that computers are "extremely helpful and amazing for a multitude of scientific areas", he describes them as "insufficient and slow" for the immediate and spontaneous creation and, in terms of communication, "the worst thing that has happened for the performing musician".[15][6] He considers that the contemporary civilization is living in a cultural "dark age" of "musical pollution". He considers musical composing a science rather than an art, similar to Pythagoreanism.[3] He has a mystical viewpoint on music as "one of the greatest forces in the universe",[15][79] that the "music exists before we exist".[3] Some consider that his experience of music is a kind of synaesthesia.[3] Honours and legacy[edit] In 1989 he received the Max Steiner
Max Steiner
Award.[40] France
France
made Vangelis
Vangelis
a Knight of the Order of Arts and Letters in 1992 and promoted him to Commander in 2017,[80] as well Chevalier de la Legion d’ Honneur in 2001.[81][82] In 1993 he received the music award Apollo by Friends of the Athens National Opera Society.[40] In 1995, Vangelis
Vangelis
had a minor planet named after him (6354 Vangelis) by the International Astronomical Union's Minor Planet Center (MPC) at the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory; the name was proposed by the MPC's co-director, Gareth V. Williams, rather than by the object's original discoverer, Eugène Joseph Delporte, who died in 1955, long before the 1934 discovery could be confirmed by observations made in 1990.[83] In 1996 and 1997 was awarded at World Music Awards.[40] NASA
NASA
conferred their Public Service Medal to Vangelis
Vangelis
in 2003. The award is the highest honour the space agency presents to an individual not involved with the American government.[84] Five years later, in 2008, the board of the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens voted to make Vangelis
Vangelis
an Honorary Doctor, making him Professor Emeritus at their Faculty of Primary Education.[85] In June 2008, the American Hellenic Institute
American Hellenic Institute
honoured Vangelis
Vangelis
with an AHI Hellenic Heritage Achievement Award for his "exceptional artistic achievements" as a pioneer in electronic music and for his lifelong dedication to the promotion of Hellenism through the arts.[86] On 16 September 2013, he received the honour of appearing on the Greek 80 cent postage stamp, as part of a series of six distinguished living personalities of the Greek Diaspora.[87] AFI[edit] The American Film Institute
American Film Institute
nominated Vangelis' scores for Blade Runner and Chariots of Fire
Chariots of Fire
for their list of the 250 greatest film scores.[88] Discography[edit] Main article: Vangelis
Vangelis
discography

(1970) Sex Power (Soundtrack) (1972) Fais Que Ton Rêve Soit Plus Long Que la Nuit (Poème Symphonique) (1973) L'Apocalypse des Animaux (Soundtrack) (1973) Earth (1975) Ignacio – Do You Hear the Dogs Barking
Do You Hear the Dogs Barking
(Soundtrack) (1975) Heaven
Heaven
and Hell (1976) La Fête Sauvage (Soundtrack) (1976) Albedo 0.39 (1977) Spiral (1978) Beaubourg (1978) Hypothesis (unofficial) (1978) The Dragon (unofficial) (1979) China (1979) Opera Sauvage
Opera Sauvage
(Soundtrack) (1980) See You Later (1981) Chariots of Fire
Chariots of Fire
(Soundtrack) (1982) Blade Runner
Blade Runner
(Soundtrack) (1983) Antarctica (Soundtrack) (1984) Soil Festivities (1984) The Bounty (Soundtrack) (1985) Mask (1985) Invisible Connections (1988) Direct (1990) The City (1992) 1492: Conquest of Paradise (Soundtrack) (1995) Foros Timis Ston Greco (1995) Voices (1996) Oceanic (1998) El Greco (2001) Mythodea
Mythodea
– Music for the NASA
NASA
Mission: 2001 Mars Odyssey (2004) Alexander (Soundtrack) (2007) Blade Runner
Blade Runner
Trilogy: 25th Anniversary (Soundtrack) (2007) El Greco: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack (2012) Chariots of Fire
Chariots of Fire
– The Play: Music From The Stage Show (2016) Rosetta

See also[edit]

20th century classical music Electronic music

Notes[edit]

^ Vangelis
Vangelis
(Greek: Βαγγέλης, IPA: [vaɲˈɟelis]) is a Greek diminutive of Evangelos. ^ He pronounces his own name as /væŋˈɡɛlɪs/ in English, but it is also heard as /vænˈdʒɛlɪs/.

References[edit]

^ a b c d e f g h i Thomas S. Hischak (2015). The Encyclopedia of Film Composers. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 386–388. ISBN 9781442245501.  ^ "Prog Reviews review of 666". Ground & Sky. 5 January 2008. Retrieved 4 November 2008.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Peter Culshaw (6 January 2005). "My Greek odyssey with Alexander". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 18 August 2016.  ^ Jason Ankeny. " Vangelis
Vangelis
Biography". All Music. Retrieved 6 November 2008.  ^ a b " Vangelis
Vangelis
And The Journey to Ithaka Documentary Now Available". Synthtopia. 4 December 2013. Retrieved 23 August 2016.  ^ a b c d e Dan Goldstein (November 1984), " Soil Festivities Vangelis Speaks", Electronics & Music Maker, retrieved 22 August 2016  ^ Doerschuk, Bob. "Oscar-winning Synthesist, Interview by Bob Doerschuk". Nemo Studios. Archived from the original on 2017-12-22. Retrieved 2017-12-25.  ^ " Vangelis
Vangelis
- The Composer Who Set Chariots Afire". Life. 5 (7). July 1982. Retrieved 19 December 2017.  ^ Yves Bigot (January 1984). " Vangelis
Vangelis
analyses his syntheses". Guitare & Claviers. Retrieved 22 August 2016.  ^ Steve Lake (10 August 1974). "Greek Group: Vangelis
Vangelis
Papathanassiou is one of those rare rock characters - an eccentric. Will this ex-keyboard player of Aphrodite's Child
Aphrodite's Child
join Yes? Steve Lake meets the man himself". Melody Maker. Retrieved 22 August 2016.  ^ a b "The Forminx". Vangelis
Vangelis
Movements. Retrieved 12 November 2008.  ^ a b Blue Point Retrieved 11 October 2008 ^ Prog Archives bio of AC Retrieved 21 August 2008 ^ a b Elsewhere Oor Retrieved 12 October ^ a b c d e f g h Allegra Donn (1 July 2012). "Vangelis: why Chariots of Fire's message is still important today". The Guardian. Retrieved 18 August 2016.  ^ a b c d e f John Schaefer (June 1985). "New Sounds". Spin. Vol. 1 no. 2. p. 49. ISSN 0886-3032.  ^ a b c "Nemo: Vangelis
Vangelis
- chapter 1". nemostudios.co.uk. Retrieved 18 August 2016.  ^ Album review Retrieved 20 August 2008 ^ Groove NL reviews Retrieved 2 September 2008 ^ "New On The Charts - Jon and Vangelis". Billboard. 92 (35): 31. 30 August 1980. Retrieved 20 August 2016.  ^ Alt.music FAQ Yes Retrieved 2 September 2008 ^ Nemo Studios Retrieved 7 April 2010 ^ a b "Nemo: Vangelis
Vangelis
- chapter 2". nemostudios.co.uk. Retrieved 18 August 2016.  ^ a b c d "Nemo: Vangelis
Vangelis
- chapter 3". nemostudios.co.uk. Retrieved 18 August 2016.  ^ All Music review of Opera. Retrieved 2 September 2008 ^ a b c d e "Nemo: Vangelis
Vangelis
- chapter 8". nemostudios.co.uk. Retrieved 18 August 2016.  ^ a b c d e "Nemo: Vangelis
Vangelis
- chapter 7". nemostudios.co.uk. Retrieved 18 August 2016.  ^ a b c d "Nemo: Vangelis
Vangelis
- chapter 9". nemostudios.co.uk. Retrieved 18 August 2016.  ^ a b c d "Nemo: Vangelis
Vangelis
- chapter 4". nemostudios.co.uk. Retrieved 18 August 2016.  ^ "Nemo: Vangelis
Vangelis
- chapter 11". nemostudios.co.uk. Retrieved 18 August 2016.  ^ "Nemo: Vangelis
Vangelis
- chapter 12". nemostudios.co.uk. Retrieved 18 August 2016.  ^ AMG review of Chariots of Fire
Chariots of Fire
Retrieved 25 September 2008 ^ Vangelis' Blade Runner
Blade Runner
film score Retrieved 12 February 2012 ^ Synthtopia BR review Retrieved 27 November 2008 ^ a b Intuitive Music – Vangelis
Vangelis
biog. Retrieved 25 September 2008 ^ Answers.com review Retrieved 25 September 2008 ^ Play.com BR Tri. Product page Retrieved 20 August 2008 ^ "RSD '17 Special
Special
Release: Vangelis
Vangelis
- Blade Runner
Blade Runner
Original Soundtrack". recordstoreday.com. Retrieved 23 April 2017.  ^ 1492: Conquest of Paradise soundtrack review at Filmtracks.com Retrieved 25 September 2008 ^ a b c d e " Vangelis
Vangelis
Papathanassiou by Gus Leous". Newsfinder.Org. 7 March 2003. Retrieved 20 August 2016.  ^ a b "Nemo: Vangelis
Vangelis
- chapter 5". nemostudios.co.uk. Retrieved 18 August 2016.  ^ a b c d e "Nemo: Vangelis
Vangelis
- chapter 6". nemostudios.co.uk. Retrieved 18 August 2016.  ^ a b c d e "Nemo: Vangelis
Vangelis
- chapter 10". nemostudios.co.uk. Retrieved 18 August 2016.  ^ Conolly discography of J&V Retrieved 25 September 2008 ^ Dennis Lodewijks. "Elsewhere: Other Music". elsew.com. Retrieved 25 September 2008.  ^ "Nemo: Vangelis
Vangelis
- chapter 13". nemostudios.co.uk. Retrieved 18 August 2016.  ^ Internet Movie Database Retrieved 13 April 2012 ^ Proggnosis Web-site Retrieved 25 September 2008 ^ Myles Garcia (2014). Secrets of the Olympic Ceremonies. eBookIt. ISBN 9781456608088.  ^ Prog archives single Retrieved 26 September 2008 ^ Sophia Heath (19 June 2012). "London 2012 Olympics: the full musical playlist for the Olympic opening ceremony". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 18 August 2016.  ^ Tracksounds Review Retrieved 26 September 2008 ^ Synthtopia Review of Alex. S.T. Retrieved 26 September 2008 ^ "Nemo: Vangelis
Vangelis
- chapter 15". nemostudios.co.uk. Retrieved 18 August 2016.  ^ Synthopia Trilogy Preview Retrieved 26 September 2008 ^ Elsewhere albums page Retrieved 26 September 2008 ^ Peter Townson (13 December 2011). "Cultural village amphitheatre opens with inspiring concert". Gulf Times. Retrieved 27 December 2011.  ^ Jasper Rees (3 May 2012). "Chariots of Fire: The British are coming... again". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 18 August 2016.  ^ Leo Hickman (11 December 2012). " Jeremy Irons
Jeremy Irons
talks trash for his new environmental documentary". The Guardian. Retrieved 18 August 2016.  ^ Alejandro Clavijo (14 May 2014). " Vangelis
Vangelis
compone la banda sonora de la última película del director argelino Mohammed Lakhdar-Hamina". Reviews New Age. Retrieved 18 August 2016.  ^ Claudia (19 December 2014). "Music Of The Irregular Spheres". European Space Agency. Retrieved 18 August 2016.  ^ "Rosetta CD". uDiscover. Retrieved 18 August 2016.  ^ "Nemo: Vangelis
Vangelis
- chapter 14". nemostudios.co.uk. Retrieved 18 August 2016.  ^ " Vangelis
Vangelis
Paintings". Vangelis
Vangelis
Movements. Retrieved 6 November 2016.  ^ Vangelis
Vangelis
collector Telegraph interview Retrieved 12 October 2008 ^ Elsewhere Backstage Retrieved 12 October 2008 ^ According to the Vangelis
Vangelis
Movements website not mentioning marriage to Vana, she is reported to have played again recently (2012). This website refer's to Vana's own website, and includes images of Vangelis and Vana together. ^ "Rediscover Vangelis' 'See You Later'". uDiscover. 29 February 2016. Retrieved 20 August 2016.  ^ a b c Mike G. "Vangelis". Ambient Music Guide. Mike Watson aka Mike G. Retrieved 20 August 2016.  ^ "Ambient In 20 Songs". uDiscover. 5 May 2016. Retrieved 20 August 2016.  ^ a b Mike Orme (7 February 2008). " Blade Runner
Blade Runner
Trilogy: 25th Anniversary". Pitchfork. Retrieved 20 August 2016.  ^ "Rediscover China". uDiscover. 30 September 2014. Retrieved 20 August 2016.  ^ "Nemo Studios: Portrait of a studio". Retrieved 12 June 2010.  ^ "Review of Vangelis". Synthtopia. 17 January 2004. Retrieved 6 October 2008.  ^ Mfiles biog. Retrieved 6 October 2008 ^ Soundtrack Interview Retrieved 6 October 2008 ^ MFTM review of Alexander Retrieved 6 October 2008 Archived 19 April 2008 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Vangelis
Vangelis
interview to Music Maker magazine, September 1982 Retrieved 20 August 2008 ^ "Greek composer Vangelis
Vangelis
says music shaped space". CNN. 4 July 2001. Retrieved 20 August 2016.  ^ " Vangelis
Vangelis
is "Commandeur des Arts et des Lettres" (Commander in the Order of Arts and Letters)". mounarebeiz.com. 3 July 2017. Retrieved 28 July 2017.  ^ Alexander the Great website Retrieved 25 September 2008 ^ Jacqueline A. Schaap (21 June 2004). " Vangelis
Vangelis
copyright BUMA and STEMRA" (PDF). Commission of the European Communities. Retrieved 20 August 2016.  ^ Minor Planet Center web-site with info about the planet Retrieved 25 September 2008 ^ Sonic State bio of Vangelis
Vangelis
Retrieved 25 September 2008 ^ Elsew web-site Retrieved 20 August 2008 ^ American Hellenic website Retrieved 22 February 2009 ^ Papantoniou, Margarita (17 September 2013). "Six Greek Diaspora Personalities on Postal Stamps GreekReporter.com". Greece.greekreporter.com. Retrieved 24 April 2014.  ^ AFI's 100 Years of Film Scores
AFI's 100 Years of Film Scores
Ballot

External links[edit]

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Vangelis

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Vangelis.

Vangelis
Vangelis
on IMDb Independent Vangelis
Vangelis
Site Vangelis' Movements Vangelis
Vangelis
Collector Vangelis' Nemo Studios Vangelis
Vangelis
History Interview with Vangelis
Vangelis
from Den of Geek Interview with Vangelis
Vangelis
on composing Chariots of Fire
Chariots of Fire
from BBC Four's Sound of Cinema

v t e

Vangelis

Discography

Studio albums

Fais que ton rêve soit plus long que la nuit Earth Heaven
Heaven
and Hell Albedo 0.39 Spiral Beaubourg Hypothesis The Dragon China See You Later Soil Festivities Mask Invisible Connections Direct The City Foros Timis Ston Greco Voices Oceanic El Greco Mythodea Rosetta

Soundtracks

L'Apocalypse des animaux Entends-tu les chiens aboyer ? La Fête sauvage Opéra sauvage Chariots of Fire Antarctica Conquest of Paradise Blade Runner Alexander Blade Runner
Blade Runner
Trilogy. 25th Anniversary El Greco Chariots of Fire: The Play

Compilations

Themes Portraits (So Long Ago, So Clear) Reprise 1990–1999 Odyssey: The Definitive Collection The Collection

Jon and Vangelis

Short Stories The Friends of Mr Cairo Private Collection Page of Life The Best of Jon and Vangelis Chronicles

Songs

" Chariots of Fire
Chariots of Fire
– Titles" "I'll Find My Way Home" "State of Independence" "Conquest of Paradise" " 2002 FIFA World Cup
2002 FIFA World Cup
Official Anthem"

Other Collaborations

Odes Rapsodies

Related

Aphrodite's Child Jon and Vangelis Electronic music

Category

v t e

Aphrodite's Child

Vangelis
Vangelis
Papathanassiou Demis Roussos Loukas Sideras Silver Koulouris

Studio albums

End of the World It's Five O'Clock 666

Singles

"Rain and Tears" "It's Five O'Clock"

v t e

Jon and Vangelis

Jon Anderson Vangelis

Studio albums

Short Stories The Friends of Mr Cairo Private Collection Page of Life

Compilation albums

The Best of Jon and Vangelis Chronicles

Songs

"I'll Find My Way Home" "State of Independence"

Vangelis
Vangelis
albums featuring Jon Anderson

Heaven
Heaven
and Hell See You Later Opéra sauvage Portraits (So Long Ago, So Clear) Odyssey: The Definitive Collection The Collection

Related

Anderson Bruford Wakeman Howe Change We Must Keys to Ascension 2 Keystudio "Chariots of Fire" Yes

v t e

Academy Award for Best Original Score

1930s

Louis Silvers
Louis Silvers
(1934) Max Steiner
Max Steiner
(1935) Leo F. Forbstein
Leo F. Forbstein
(1936) Charles Previn
Charles Previn
(1937) Erich Wolfgang Korngold/Alfred Newman (1938) Herbert Stothart/Richard Hageman, W. Franke Harling, John Leipold, Leo Shuken (1939)

1940s

Leigh Harline, Paul J. Smith, Ned Washington/Alfred Newman (1940) Bernard Herrmann/ Frank Churchill and Oliver Wallace (1941) Max Steiner/ Ray Heindorf and Heinz Roemheld (1942) Alfred Newman/ Ray Heindorf (1943) Max Steiner/ Morris Stoloff and Carmen Dragon
Carmen Dragon
(1944) Miklós Rózsa/ Georgie Stoll (1945) Hugo Friedhofer/ Morris Stoloff (1946) Miklós Rózsa/Alfred Newman (1947) Brian Easdale/ Johnny Green
Johnny Green
and Roger Edens (1948) Aaron Copland/ Roger Edens and Lennie Hayton (1949)

1950s

Franz Waxman/ Adolph Deutsch and Roger Edens (1950) Franz Waxman/ Johnny Green
Johnny Green
and Saul Chaplin (1951) Dimitri Tiomkin/Alfred Newman (1952) Bronisław Kaper/Alfred Newman (1953) Dimitri Tiomkin/ Adolph Deutsch and Saul Chaplin (1954) Alfred Newman/Robert Russell Bennett, Jay Blackton and Adolph Deutsch (1955) Victor Young/Alfred Newman and Ken Darby (1956) Malcolm Arnold (1957) Dimitri Tiomkin/Andre Previn (1958) Miklós Rózsa/Andre Previn and Ken Darby (1959)

1960s

Ernest Gold/ Morris Stoloff and Harry Sukman (1960) Henry Mancini/Saul Chaplin, Johnny Green, Sid Ramin and Irwin Kostal (1961) Maurice Jarre/ Ray Heindorf (1962) John Addison/Andre Previn (1963) Richard M. Sherman
Richard M. Sherman
and Robert B. Sherman/Andre Previn (1964) Maurice Jarre/ Irwin Kostal (1965) John Barry/ Ken Thorne (1966) Elmer Bernstein/Alfred Newman and Ken Darby (1967) John Barry/ Johnny Green
Johnny Green
(1968) Burt Bacharach/ Lennie Hayton and Lionel Newman (1969)

1970s

Francis Lai/ The Beatles
The Beatles
(John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr) (1970) Michel Legrand/ John Williams
John Williams
(1971) Charlie Chaplin, Raymond Rasch and Larry Russell/ Ralph Burns
Ralph Burns
(1972) Marvin Hamlisch/ Marvin Hamlisch
Marvin Hamlisch
(1973) Nino Rota
Nino Rota
and Carmine Coppola/ Nelson Riddle
Nelson Riddle
(1974) John Williams/ Leonard Rosenman
Leonard Rosenman
(1975) Jerry Goldsmith/ Leonard Rosenman
Leonard Rosenman
(1976) John Williams/ Jonathan Tunick (1977) Giorgio Moroder/ Joe Renzetti (1978) Georges Delerue/ Ralph Burns
Ralph Burns
(1979)

1980s

Michael Gore (1980) Vangelis
Vangelis
(1981) John Williams/ Henry Mancini
Henry Mancini
and Leslie Bricusse (1982) Bill Conti/Michel Legrand, Alan and Marilyn Bergman (1983) Maurice Jarre/Prince (1984) John Barry (1985) Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
(1986) Ryuichi Sakamoto, David Byrne
David Byrne
and Cong Su (1987) Dave Grusin
Dave Grusin
(1988) Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(1989)

1990s

John Barry (1990) Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(1991) Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(1992) John Williams
John Williams
(1993) Hans Zimmer
Hans Zimmer
(1994) Luis Enríquez Bacalov/ Alan Menken
Alan Menken
and Stephen Schwartz (1995) Gabriel Yared/ Rachel Portman (1996) James Horner/ Anne Dudley
Anne Dudley
(1997) Nicola Piovani/ Stephen Warbeck (1998) John Corigliano (1999)

2000s

Tan Dun
Tan Dun
(2000) Howard Shore
Howard Shore
(2001) Elliot Goldenthal
Elliot Goldenthal
(2002) Howard Shore
Howard Shore
(2003) Jan A. P. Kaczmarek
Jan A. P. Kaczmarek
(2004) Gustavo Santaolalla
Gustavo Santaolalla
(2005) Gustavo Santaolalla
Gustavo Santaolalla
(2006) Dario Marianelli (2007) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(2008) Michael Giacchino
Michael Giacchino
(2009)

2010s

Trent Reznor
Trent Reznor
and Atticus Ross
Atticus Ross
(2010) Ludovic Bource
Ludovic Bource
(2011) Mychael Danna (2012) Steven Price (2013) Alexandre Desplat
Alexandre Desplat
(2014) Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(2015) Justin Hurwitz
Justin Hurwitz
(2016) Alexandre Desplat
Alexandre Desplat
(2017)

v t e

Georges Delerue Award

Daniel Schmid (BMD) (1985) Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
(BUEM) (1985) Ry Cooder
Ry Cooder
(BOM) (1986) Pirjo Honkasalo
Pirjo Honkasalo
and Pekka Lehto (BAM) (1986) Benoît Lamy
Benoît Lamy
(1987) Astor Piazzolla
Astor Piazzolla
(1988) Tôru Takemitsu
Tôru Takemitsu
(1989) Michael Haneke
Michael Haneke
(BUMF) (1989) Michael Kamen
Michael Kamen
(1990) Rachid Bouchareb
Rachid Bouchareb
(1991) David Robbins (1992) Hou Hsiao-hsien
Hou Hsiao-hsien
(1993) Frédéric Devreese (1994) Tôn-Thất Tiết (1995) Bruno Coulais
Bruno Coulais
(1996) Vangelis
Vangelis
(1997) Simon Fisher Turner (1998) Rachel Portman (1999) Tan Dun
Tan Dun
(2000) Vladimír Godár (2001) Howard Shore
Howard Shore
(2002) Zygmunt Konieczny
Zygmunt Konieczny
(2003) Miguel Miranda and José Tobar (2004) Stephen Warbeck (2005) Tony Gatlif
Tony Gatlif
and Delphine Mantoulet (2006) Benny Andersson
Benny Andersson
(2007) Tolib Shakhidi
Tolib Shakhidi
(2008) Nathan Larson
Nathan Larson
(2009) Hong-jip Kim (2010) Evgueni and Sacha Galperine (2011) Olivier Assayas
Olivier Assayas
(2012) Lim Giong
Lim Giong
(2013) Boris Debackere (2014) Johnnie Burn (2015) Johnny Jewel (2016)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 64193360 LCCN: n80080556 ISNI: 0000 0001 0909 4902 GND: 134545338 SUDOC: 080493203 BNF: cb13900723q (data) BIBSYS: 62952 MusicBrainz: 57fca0e2-f9ad-4ae6-af9d-6a6f50cbcd5f NKC: js20020408004 ICCU: ITICCURAVV8

.