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Vandavasi
Vandavasi
or Wandiwash is a city and a municipality in Tiruvannamalai district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. As of 2011, the town had a population of 31,320. Vandavasi
Vandavasi
was the scene of a decisive battle in the 18th-century war between France
France
and the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
for the control of South Asia. The Battle of Wandiwash
Battle of Wandiwash
was a watershed in Indian history as it cemented British supremacy in South Asia. On January 22, 1760, a British force led by Eyre Coote defeated a French force led by General Thomas Lally.

Contents

1 Geography and climate 2 Demographics 3 As a capital town 4 Places of interest 5 Politics 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Geography and climate[edit] Vandavasi
Vandavasi
is located at 12°30′N 79°37′E / 12.5°N 79.62°E / 12.5; 79.62.[2] It lies 110 kilometres South-West of Chennai
Chennai
City, South of famous temple city Kanchipuram
Kanchipuram
and 80 km north-east of Thiruvannamalai. The town is well connected with Chennai by road.It has an average elevation of 74 metres (242 feet). Vandavasi climatic condition is similar to that of Chennai, lying on the thermal equator and close to the coast, most part of the year climate is hot and humid.[3] Demographics[edit]

Religious census

Religion

Percent(%)

Hindu

60.86%

Muslim

34.73%

Christian

3.03%

Jain

1.28%

Sikh

0.02%

Other

0.08%

According to 2011 census, Vandavasi
Vandavasi
had a population of 31,320 with a sex-ratio of 1,012 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929.[4] A total of 3,337 were under the age of six, constituting 1,740 males and 1,597 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 13.54% and 1.31% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the town was 77.3%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.[4] The town had a total of : 7326 households. There were a total of 10,553 workers, comprising 152 cultivators, 302 main agricultural labourers, 309 in house hold industries, 9,093 other workers, 697 marginal workers, 8 marginal cultivators, 27 marginal agricultural labourers, 52 marginal workers in household industries and 610 other marginal workers.[5] As per the religious census of 2011, Vandavasi
Vandavasi
had 60.86% Hindus, 34.73% Muslims, 3.03% Christians, 0.02% Sikhs, 0.0% Buddhists, 1.28% Jains, 0.08% following other religions and 0.0% following no religion or did not indicate any religious preference.[6] As a capital town[edit] According to one version, Chennapattanam, now called Chennai
Chennai
(British Madras), was named after Damera Chennappa Nayaka, the Nayaka of Kalahasthi and Vandavasi, father of Damera Venkatappa Kayaker (padmanayaka velama ruler) from whom the English acquired the town in 1639. The ruler of the area, Chennapa Nayak, the Nayaka of Vandavasi, granted the British permission to build a factory and warehouse for their trading enterprises. The region was then primarily a fishing village known as "Madraspatnam". Places of interest[edit]

Vandavasi
Vandavasi
fort.

Vandavasi
Vandavasi
fort would have been a famous tourist spot but for its negligence by the authorities. It witnessed the decisive Battle of Wandiwash, it even is said to have an underground passage to Gingee fort. The Nayak of Vandavasi, a vassal of Vijaynagara Kings was instrumental in helping British secure grant from Chandragiri Fort to build the city of Madras. Arahanthgiri Jain Math
Arahanthgiri Jain Math
is a Jain
Jain
Math that was established at the ancient Jain
Jain
site of Tiruvannamalai
Tiruvannamalai
in August 1998.[7] The complex includes 3 Jain
Jain
caves, 4 Jain
Jain
temples and a 16-meter high sculpture of Neminatha
Neminatha
thought to date from the 12th century that is the tallest Jain
Jain
image in Tamil Nadu. Politics[edit] Vandavasi
Vandavasi
assembly constituency is part of Arni (Lok Sabha constituency).[8] See also[edit]

Kandiyanallur Vandavasi
Vandavasi
(Lok Sabha constituency) Battle of Wandiwash www.vandavasi.in

References[edit]

^ "Census of India: Search Details". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 2014-07-12.  ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Vandavasi. Fallingrain.com. Retrieved on 2011-11-26. ^ "About city". Vandavasi
Vandavasi
Municipality. 2011. Retrieved 2013-07-07.  ^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 2014-01-26.  ^ "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Vandavasi". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 2014-01-26.  ^ "Population By Religious Community - Tamil Nadu" (XLS). Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2011. Retrieved 13 September 2015.  ^ "Arihantagiri - Tirumalai". Retrieved 2012-04-10.  ^ "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Tamil Nadu. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-10-08. 

External links[edit]

Vazhur, the birthplace of Seshadri Swamigal Municipality
Municipality
of Vandavasi

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Srivilliputhur Andal Temple
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 · Vellore  · Dindigul

Municipalities

Special
Special
grade

Avadi Cuddalore Hosur Kancheepuram Karaikudi Karur Kodaikanal Kovilpatti Kumbakonam Maraimalainagar Nagercoil Pallavapuram Pollachi Rajapalayam Sivakasi Tambaram Thiruvannamalai Udhagamandalam

Selection grade

Ambur Alandur Attur Chidambaram Coonoor Dharmapuri Gobichettipalayam Mannargudi Mayiladuthurai Mettupalayam Mettur Nagapattinam Namakkal Palani Pammal Pattukkottai Pudukkottai Ranipet Theni Allinagaram Thiruverkadu Thuraiyur Tindivanam Tiruchengode Tiruppattur Udumalaipettai Valparai Vaniyambadi Viluppuram Virudhunagar

First grade

Arakkonam Arani Aranthangi Arcot Aruppukkottai Bodinayakanur Chengalpattu Colachel Cumbum Devakottai Dharapuram Edappadi Gudiyatham Kadayanallur Kallakurichi Komarapalayam Krishnagiri Manapparai Palladam Panruti Paramakudi Poonamallee Ramanathapuram Rasipuram Sankarankovil Sembakkam Sathyamangalam Sivagangai Srivilliputhur Thiruthangal Tiruvallur tenkasi Tiruvarur Virudhachalam

Second grade

Ambasamudram Anakaputhur Ariyalur Bhavani Chinnamanur Gudalur (Nilgiris district) Gudalur (Theni district) Jayankondam Jolarpet Kangeyam Kayalpattinam Keelakarai Koothanallur Kulithalai Kuzhithurai Maduranthakam Melur Melvisharam Nellikuppam Nelliyalam Oddanchatram Padmanabhapuram Pallipalayam Perambalur Periyakulam Pernampattu Puliyankudi Punjai Puliampatti Rameswaram Sattur Sengottai Sirkazhi Thiruthani Thiruthuraipoondi Thiruvathipuram Thuvakudi Tirumangalam Usilampatti Vandavasi Vedaranyam Vellakoil Vikramasi

.