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Valtice
Valtice
(Czech pronunciation: [ˈvalcɪtsɛ]; German: Feldsberg) is a small town in Břeclav
Břeclav
District, South Moravian Region
South Moravian Region
in the Czech Republic, close to the Austrian border. Valtice
Valtice
contains one of the most impressive Baroque
Baroque
residences of Central Europe. It was designed as the seat of the ruling princes of Liechtenstein by Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach
Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach
in the early 18th century. Together with the neighbouring manor of Lednice, to which it is connected by a 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) long lime-tree avenue, Valtice
Valtice
forms the Lednice– Valtice
Valtice
Cultural Landscape, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Contents

1 Geography 2 History 3 Culture 4 Population development 5 Notable people 6 See also 7 Notes 8 External links

Geography[edit] The town is located 265 kilometres (165 mi) south-east of Prague, on the railway line from Břeclav
Břeclav
to Znojmo. In the south it borders on the Austrian municipality of Schrattenberg. Until 1919 Valtice likewise belonged to Lower Austria. The town is part of the European Centrope
Centrope
multinational region project established in 2003; all border controls have been abolished when the Czech Republic
Czech Republic
implemented the Schengen Agreement
Schengen Agreement
in 2007. The vineyards around Valtice
Valtice
are a centre of Mikulovská wine production, with notable wine tasting and trade at the "Wine Salon of the Czech Republic" in Valtice
Valtice
Chateau. History[edit]

Parish church

Feldsberg Castle in the Duchy of Austria
Austria
was first mentioned in an 1192 deed; held by the Lords of Seefeld, it was located close to the border with Moravia. In 1286 Duke Albert I of Austria
Austria
vested the surrounding settlement with market rights. Feldsberg was elevated to the status of a town by Duke Albert III about 1383. The estates were acquired by the noble House of Liechtenstein, then Lords of neighbouring Mikulov
Mikulov
(Nikolsburg), in 1394 and served as the dynasty's residence until 1939.[1] The border town was devastated in the Hussite Wars
Hussite Wars
in 1426, then again by the troops of the Bohemian king George of Poděbrady
George of Poděbrady
in 1458 as well as in the Austrian–Hungarian War by the forces of King Matthias Corvinus in 1480. The situation improved, when the Moravian lands in the north also became part of the Austrian Habsburg Monarchy
Habsburg Monarchy
in 1526. In the mid 16th century, the citizens turned Reformation, however, were subjected to the measures of Counter-Reformation
Counter-Reformation
under the rule of Karl I of Liechtenstein, who himself had converted to Catholicism in 1599 and in 1605 established a convent of the Brothers Hospitallers of St. John of God in Feldsberg. During the Thirty Years' War
Thirty Years' War
the town was again plundered by the troops of Emperor Ferdinand II in 1619 and conquered by Swedish forces under General Lennart Torstensson
Lennart Torstensson
in 1645.

Temple of Diana

After the war Prince Karl Eusebius of Liechtenstein had his domains rebuilt, including the 13th century castle according to plans designed by the Italian architect Giovanni Giacomo Tencalla with further Baroque
Baroque
extensions by Fischer von Erlach. Construction was supervised by Domenico Martinelli, who was employed as an on-site architect. The palace is surrounded by an English park
English park
with a colonnade and the Temple of Diana (1812) designed by Joseph Hardtmuth as well as other Neoclassical structures. Until the end of World War I
World War I
the town of Feldsberg belonged to Lower Austria. According to the 1919 Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye the town and its surroundings were annexed by newly established Czechoslovakia. The main reason was the requirement that the entire Znojmo- Břeclav
Břeclav
railway line, a branch-off of the former Emperor Ferdinand Northern Railway, remain inside Czechoslovak territory. The Liechtenstein princely family lost its privileges with the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and by the then newly established state of Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
in 1918, the predecessor of the Czech Republic. The town was occupied by Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
upon the 1938 Munich Agreement
Munich Agreement
and incorporated into the Reichsgau Niederdonau. After World War II
World War II
the remaining German population was expelled and the castle was confiscated by the Czechoslovak government; all claims for restitution have been rejected. Culture[edit] The town is known as a centre of wine making in Moravia. Both the National Wine Center and the Wine Salon of the Czech Republic
Czech Republic
reside in the Valtice
Valtice
Chateau. The annual Valtice Wine Market
Valtice Wine Market
wine exhibition is held in the chateau riding hall at the beginning of May. Population development[edit]

Town
Town
hall

Census year[2] Population Ethnicity of inhabitants

year German Czechs other

1836 2889 - - -

1869 2424 - - -

1880 2837 2804 3 30

1890 3009 2830 133 36

1900 3036 2987 34 35

1910 3402 3291 34 57

1921 3257 2285 625 332

1930 3393 1924 1102 367

1939 2857 - - -

Notable people[edit]

Johannes Matthias Sperger (1750–1812), contrabassist, composer Franz Bauer
Franz Bauer
(1758–1840), microsopist and botanical artist Ferdinand Bauer
Ferdinand Bauer
(1760–1826), botanical illustrator Leopold Adametz (1861–1941), zoologist František Čermák
František Čermák
(born 1976), tennis player

See also[edit]

Lednice– Valtice
Valtice
Cultural Landscape

Notes[edit]

^ http://www.minorsights.com/2014/09/Czech-Lednice-Valtice.html ^ Historický místopis Moravy a Slezska v letech 1848–1960, sv.9. 1984

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Valtice.

World Heritage Site Photos of Valtice Historie (de)

v t e

World Heritage Sites in the Czech Republic

Český Krumlov Gardens and Castle at Kroměříž Holašovice
Holašovice
Historical Village
Village
Reservation Holy Trinity Column in Olomouc Jewish Quarter and St. Procopius Basilica in Třebíč Kutná Hora Lednice– Valtice
Valtice
Cultural Landscape Litomyšl Castle Pilgrimage Church of Saint John of Nepomuk Prague Průhonice Telč Tugendhat Villa

v t e

Towns, market towns and villages of Břeclav
Břeclav
District

Bavory Boleradice Borkovany Bořetice Brod nad Dyjí Brumovice Břeclav Březí Bulhary Diváky Dobré Pole Dolní Dunajovice Dolní Věstonice Drnholec Hlohovec Horní Bojanovice Horní Věstonice Hrušky Hustopeče Jevišovka Kašnice Klentnice Klobouky u Brna Kobylí Kostice Krumvíř Křepice Kurdějov Ladná Lanžhot Lednice Mikulov Milovice Moravská Nová Ves Moravský Žižkov Morkůvky Němčičky Nikolčice Novosedly Nový Přerov Pavlov Perná Podivín Popice Pouzdřany Přítluky Rakvice Sedlec Starovice Starovičky Strachotín Šakvice Šitbořice Tvrdonice Týnec Uherčice Valtice Velké Bílovice Velké Hostěrádky Velké Němčice Velké Pavlovice Vrbice Zaječí

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 168655

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