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(i) (i) (i)

VAL DI NOTO (English: _ Province
Province
of Noto _ ) is a historical and geographical area encompassing the south-eastern third of Sicily
Sicily
; it is dominated by the limestone Iblean plateau . Historically, it was one of the three valli of Sicily
Sicily
. Chiesa di San Domenico - Noto

HISTORY

The oldest recorded settlement in the Val di Noto was the ancient town of _ Akrai _, near Palazzolo Acreide
Palazzolo Acreide
, which was founded in 664 BC. It was the first colony of the Corinthian settlement at Syracuse .

The settlements of the Val di Noto were completely destroyed by the enormous 1693 Sicily
Sicily
earthquake . Following the earthquake, many towns were rebuilt on entirely new sites, such as Noto and Grammichele
Grammichele
. The rulers of the time, the kings of Spain, granted the nobleman Giuseppe Lanza special authority to redesign the damaged towns, which he achieved by sympathetically designing the new towns in a baroque and renaissance style.

The new settlements were redesigned to have a town square in the centre and to spread out in a radial pattern from there. Major buildings like churches, cloisters and palaces were built as focal points for the new streets, and the streets themselves were laid out in a grid pattern. Many of the individual towns were rebuilt to have a unique character, such as the town of Grammichele
Grammichele
which was built in a hexagonal shape with the town square in the centre, consisting of the parish and town hall.

The towns were rebuilt in what came to be known as the Sicilian Baroque
Baroque
style; the most notable of which is the town of Noto itself, which is now a popular tourist destination due to its fine Baroque architecture.

Archaeology The ruined town of Angie was rediscovered by the historian Tomas Fuentes in the 16th century. Further excavations in the early 19th century by Baron Gabrielle Ally unearthed important artifacts from the early history of eastern Sicily.

PRESENT DAY

In June 2002, UNESCO
UNESCO
inscribed the towns of the Val di Noto on the World Heritage List as "representing the culmination and final flowering of Baroque
Baroque
art in Europe". The listed towns are Caltagirone , Militello in Val di Catania , Catania
Catania
, Modica , Noto , Palazzolo Acreide , Ragusa , and Scicli .

NOTES

* ^ The _Val_ in _Val di Noto_ is in Sicilian and in Italian a grammatically masculine term, and it does not refer to a "Valley" as is usual in Italian geographical names, which are although always grammatically feminine, but to one of the _Provinces_ or _Governorates_ into which Sicily
Sicily
was administratively divided under the Arab rule and up until the 1812 administrative reform. The corresponding Arab term is Wāli , and the Sicilian Val is akin to the Arab Wilayah or the Turkish Vilayet
Vilayet
, used as it would be a calque of the English term Shire
Shire
* ^ Noto (Italy) - No 1024rev, ICOMOS, January 2002, Advisory Body Evaluation, Unesco

* v * t * e

World Heritage Sites in Italy

NORTHWEST

* Crespi d\'Adda * Genoa
Genoa
* Mantua
Mantua
and Sabbioneta * Monte San Giorgio 1

* Porto Venere
Porto Venere
, Palmaria , Tino and Tinetto , Cinque Terre
Cinque Terre

* Corniglia
Corniglia
* Manarola
Manarola
* Monterosso al Mare
Monterosso al Mare
* Riomaggiore
Riomaggiore
* Vernazza
Vernazza

* Residences of the Royal House of Savoy
Residences of the Royal House of Savoy

* Castle of Moncalieri * Castle of Racconigi * Castle of Rivoli * Castello del Valentino * Royal Palace of Turin * Palazzo Carignano
Palazzo Carignano
* Palazzo Madama, Turin * Palace of Venaria * Palazzina di caccia of Stupinigi * Villa della Regina

* Rhaetian Railway
Rhaetian Railway
in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes1 * Rock Drawings in Valcamonica * _Sacri Monti_ of Piedmont and Lombardy * Santa Maria delle Grazie, Milan * Vineyard Landscape of Piedmont : Langhe - Roero and Monferrato

NORTHEAST

* Aquileia * The Dolomites
Dolomites
* Ferrara
Ferrara
* Modena Cathedral , Torre della Ghirlandina and Piazza Grande, Modena * Orto botanico di Padova * Ravenna * Venice
Venice
* Verona
Verona
* City of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of the Veneto

CENTRAL

* Assisi
Assisi
* Basilica of Saint Francis of Assisi
Assisi
* Etruscan Necropolises of Cerveteri and Tarquinia * Florence * Hadrian\'s Villa * Medici villas
Medici villas
* Piazza del Duomo, Pisa * Pienza * Rome
Rome
2 * San Gimignano
San Gimignano
* Siena
Siena
* Urbino
Urbino
* Val d\'Orcia * Villa d\'Este

SOUTH

* Alberobello * Amalfi Coast
Amalfi Coast
* Castel del Monte, Apulia
Castel del Monte, Apulia
* Cilento
Cilento
and Vallo di Diano National Park , Paestum and Velia
Velia
, Certosa di Padula * Herculaneum
Herculaneum
* Oplontis and Villa Poppaea * Naples
Naples
* Palace of Caserta , Aqueduct of Vanvitelli and San Leucio Complex * Pompeii
Pompeii
* Sassi of Matera
Matera

ISLANDS

* Aeolian Islands * Arab-Norman Palermo and the Cathedral Churches of Cefalù and Monreale * Archaeological Area of Agrigento * Barumini nuraghes * Mount Etna
Mount Etna
* Syracuse and Necropolis of Pantalica

* Val di Noto

* Caltagirone
Caltagirone
* Catania
Catania
* Militello in Val di Catania * Modica * Noto * Palazzolo Acreide
Palazzolo Acreide
* Ragusa * Scicli

* Villa Romana del Casale
Villa Romana del Casale

COUNTRYWIDE

* Longobards in Italy, Places of Power (568–774 A.D.)

* Brescia
Brescia
* Cividale del Friuli
Cividale del Friuli
* Castelseprio * Spoleto
Spoleto
* Temple of Clitumnus located at Campello sul Clitunno
Campello sul Clitunno
* Santa Sofia located at Benevento
Benevento
* Sanctuary of Monte Sant\'Angelo located at Monte Sant\'Angelo

* Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps
Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps
3 * Primeval Beech Forests of Europe 4

* Venetian Works of Defence between 15th and 17th centuries 5

* Bergamo * Palmanova * Peschiera del Garda

* 1 Shared with Switzerland
Switzerland
* 2 Shared with the Holy See
Holy See
* 3 Shared with Austria
Austria
, France
France
, Germany
Germany
, Slovenia
Slovenia
, and