VACHELLIA FARNESIANA, also known as ACACIA FARNESIANA, and previously
MIMOSA FARNESIANA, commonly known as SWEET ACACIA, HUISACHE or
NEEDLE BUSH, is so named because of the numerous thorns distributed
along its branches. The native range of V. farnesiana is uncertain.
While the point of origin is Mexico and
The plant has been recently spread to many new locations as a result
of human activity and it is considered a serious weed in
The taxon name farnesiana is specially named after Odoardo Farnese (1573–1626) of the notable Italian Farnese family which, after 1550, under the patronage of cardinal Alessandro Farnese , maintained some of the first private European botanical gardens in Rome, in the 16th and 17th centuries. Under stewardship of these Farnese Gardens this acacia was imported to Italy. The plant itself was brought to the Farnese Gardens from the Caribbean and Central America, where it originates. Analysis of essences of the floral extract from this plant, long used in perfumery, resulted in the name for the sesquiterpene biosynthetic chemical farnesol , found as a basic sterol precursor in plants, and cholesterol precursor in animals.
Bark and Thorns of Vachellia farnesiana *
Vachellia farnesiana *
Vachellia farnesiana (L.) Willd. - sweet acacia seeds
* 1 Some of the reported uses of the plant
* 1.1 Bark * 1.2 Food * 1.3 Flowers * 1.4 Foliage * 1.5 Seed pods * 1.6 Seeds * 1.7 Forage * 1.8 Dyes and inks * 1.9 Traditional medicine
* 2 Common names * 3 References * 4 External links
SOME OF THE REPORTED USES OF THE PLANT
The bark is used for its tannin content. Highly tannic barks are common in general to acacias. Extracts of many are used in medicine for this reason. (See cutch ).
The leaves are used as a tamarind flavoring for chutneys and the pods are roasted to be used in sweet and sour dishes.
The flowers are processed through distillation to produce a perfume
called CASSIE. It is widely used in the perfume industry in
Scented ointments from Cassie are made in India.
The foliage is a significant source of forage in much of its range, with a protein content around 18%.
The concentration of tannin in the seed pods is about 23%.
The seeds of V. farnesiana are not toxic to humans and are a
valuable food source for people throughout the plant's range. The ripe
seeds are put through a press to make oil for cooking. Nonetheless,
an anecdotal report has been made that in
The tree makes good forage for bees.
DYES AND INKS
A black pigment is extracted from the bark and fruit.
The bark and the flowers are the parts of the tree most used in
traditional medicine. V. farnesiana has been used in
This section DOES NOT CITE ANY SOURCES . Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed . (July 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message )
SWEET ACACIA, FARNESE WATTLE, DEAD FINISH, MIMOSA WATTLE, MIMOSA
BUSH, PRICKLY MIMOSA BUSH, PRICKLY MOSES, NEEDLE BUSH, NORTH-WEST
CURARA, SHEEP\'S BRIAR, SPONGE WATTLE, SWEET ACACIA, THORNY ACACIA,
THORNY FEATHER WATTLE, WILD BRIAR, HUISACHE, CASSIE, CASCALOTTE,
CASSIC, MEALY WATTLE, POPINAC, SWEET BRIAR, TEXAS HUISACHE, AROMA,
* ^ " Vachellia farnesiana". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA . Retrieved 25 March 2016. * ^ "Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - The University of Texas at Austin". www.wildflower.org. Retrieved 2016-06-28. * ^ Clarke, H.D., Seigler, D.S., Ebinger, J.E. 1989; 'Acacia farnesiana (Fabaceae: Mimosoideae) and Related Species from Mexico, the Southwestern U.S., and the Caribbean' Systematic Botany 14 549-564 * ^ PDF Ursula K. Schuch and Margaret Norem, Growth of Legume Tree Species Growing in the Southwestern United States, University of Arizona. * ^ "Discover Life - Fabaceae: Acacia farnesiana (L. ) Willd. - Cassie Flower, Vachellia farnesiana, Poponax farnesiana, Mimosa farnesiana, Ellington Curse, Klu, Sweet Acacia, Mimosa Bush, Huisache". Pick5.pick.uga.edu. Retrieved 2012-04-19. * ^ A B C D "Purdue University". Hort.purdue.edu. 1997-12-16. Retrieved 2012-04-19. * ^ "Acacia salicina Lindley" (PDF). Worldwidewattle.com. Retrieved 2013-10-24. * ^ "Mimosa bush - briar bush". Northwestweeds.nsw.gov.au. Retrieved 2008-04-09. * ^ "Etymology of farnesol, accessed August 27, 2009". Dictionary.reference.com. Retrieved 2012-04-19. * ^ A B "HENRY TRIMBLE AND F. D. MACFARLAND., AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY, Volume 57, #3, March, 1885" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-04-19. * ^ "Location of the Farnese family gardens, now known only as a remnant". Gardenvisit.com. Retrieved 2012-04-19. * ^ "One-garden" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-04-19. * ^ * ^ A B "Herbal remedy". Mhra.gov.uk. Retrieved 2013-10-24. * ^ A B C "Bottlebrush Press". Bottlebrush Press. 2003-05-20. Retrieved 2012-04-19. * ^ Garavito, G.; Rincón, J.; Arteaga, L.; Hata, Y.; Bourdy, G.; Gimenez, A.; Pinzón, R.; Deharo, E. (2006). "Antimalarial activity of some Colombian medicinal plants". Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 107 (3): 460–462. PMID 16713157 . doi :10.1016/j.jep.2006.03.033 . * ^ "Philippine Herbs Used in Small Animal Practice". Stuartxchange.org. Retrieved 2012-04-19. * ^ Samy, Joseph; Manickam, Sugumaran (2005). Herbs of Malaysia. Times Editions. p. 29. ISBN 9833001793 .