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Věra Čáslavská
Věra Čáslavská
(Czech pronunciation: [ˈvjɛra ˈtʃaːslafskaː]; 3 May 1942 – 30 August 2016) was a Czechoslovak
Czechoslovak
artistic gymnast and Czech sports official. She won a total of 22 international titles between 1959 and 1968 including seven Olympic gold medals, four World titles and eleven European championships. Čáslavská is the most decorated Czech gymnast in history and is one of only two female gymnasts, along with Soviet Larisa Latynina, to win the all-around gold medal at two consecutive Olympics.[2] In addition to her gymnastics success, Čáslavská was known for her outspoken support of the Czechoslovak
Czechoslovak
democratization movement and her opposition to the 1968 Soviet-led invasion of Czechoslovakia. At the 1968 Olympics in Mexico City, she took this protest to the world stage by quietly looking down and away while the Soviet national anthem was played during the medal ceremonies for the balance beam and floor exercise event finals. While Čáslavská's actions were applauded by her compatriots, they resulted in her becoming a persona non grata in the new regime. She was forced into retirement and for many years was denied the right to travel, work and attend sporting events. Čáslavská's situation improved in the 1980s after the intervention of members of the International Olympic Committee, and following the Velvet Revolution
Velvet Revolution
her status improved dramatically. During the 1990s she held several positions of honor, including a term as President of the Czech Olympic Committee.

Contents

1 Gymnastics
Gymnastics
career

1.1 Protest at the 1968 Olympics

2 Later career 3 Honours 4 Personal life and death 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Gymnastics
Gymnastics
career[edit]

Čáslavská and the Czechoslovak
Czechoslovak
team at the 1967 European Championships

Born in Prague
Prague
and originally a figure skater, Čáslavská debuted internationally in 1958 at the World Artistic Gymnastics Championships, winning a silver medal in the team event. Her first international title came the following year at the European Women's Artistic Gymnastics
Gymnastics
Championships where she won gold on the vault and silver on the balance beam. She first participated in the 1960 Summer Olympic Games, winning a silver medal with the Czechoslovak
Czechoslovak
team, and then won bronze in the all around event at the 1961 European Championships. She fought for the all-around title at home in the 1962 World Championships, held off only by Larisa Latynina, and managed to win her first world title, in the vault. She did not compete at the 1963 European Championships in Paris.[3][4] Between 1964 and 1968 Čáslavská won 19 individual gold medals in major international competitions. She was at her peak at the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, winning the overall title and taking gold medals in the balance beam and the vault, in addition to another silver medal in the team event. At the 1966 World Championships, Čáslavská defended her vault title, winning a team gold – breaking the Soviet monopoly in that event – and became all-around world champion. Čáslavská dominated the 1965 and 1967 European Championships, taking all five individual titles[3][4] and scoring perfect scores of 10 in 1967.[5] Prior to the 1968 Summer Olympics
1968 Summer Olympics
in Mexico City, Čáslavská lost her training facility due to the Soviet-led invasion of Czechoslovakia. Instead, she used potato sacks as weights and logs as beams whilst training in the forests of Moravia.[6] She was again dominant at the 1968 Summer Olympics, winning medals in all six events. She defended her all-around title and won additional gold medals on the floor, uneven bars and vault, as well as two silvers, for the team competition and balance beam.[3][4] Her use of the "Jarabe tapatío" as the music for her floor routine and her subsequent marriage in the city made her immensely popular with the Mexican crowd.[6] Protest at the 1968 Olympics[edit] Čáslavská's wins at the 1968 Olympics were particularly poignant because of the political turmoil in Czechoslovakia. She had publicly voiced her strong opposition to Soviet-style Communism and the Soviet invasion, and had signed Ludvik Vaculík's protest manifesto "Two Thousand Words" in the spring of 1968. Consequently, to avoid being arrested, she spent the weeks leading up to the Olympics hiding in the mountain town of Šumperk, and was only granted permission to travel to Mexico City at the last minute.[7][8] At the Olympics, where she once again faced Soviet opposition, Čáslavská continued to subtly voice her views. After she appeared to have won the gold medal on floor outright, the judging panel curiously upgraded the preliminary scores of Soviet Larisa Petrik, and declared a tie for the gold instead. All of this occurred on the heels of another very controversial judging decision that cost Čáslavská the gold on beam, instead awarding the title to Soviet rival Natalia Kuchinskaya. Clearly disheartened and angered by the politics that favored the USSR, she protested during both medal ceremonies by quietly turning her head down and away during the playing of the Soviet national anthem.[2][9] Later career[edit] Čáslavská was revered by Czech people for her brave demonstration on the world's biggest stage, and she was awarded Czechoslovakia's Sportsperson of the Year award in 1968 (for the fourth and final time). Her federation, however, was none too pleased. For her consistent support of the Czechoslovak
Czechoslovak
democratization movement (the so-called " Prague
Prague
Spring") in 1968, and during the purges which followed the Soviet-led invasion in August 1968, she was deprived of the right to travel abroad and participate in public sport events both in Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
and abroad. Čáslavská was effectively forced into retirement, and was considered a persona non grata for many years in her home country.[10] Czechoslovak
Czechoslovak
authorities refused to publish her autobiography, and insisted that it be heavily censored when it was released in Japan.[8][11] She was granted leave to work as a coach in Mexico, but reportedly only when the Mexican government threatened to cease oil exports to Czechoslovakia.[10][12] In the late 1980s, following pressure from Juan Antonio Samaranch, the then president of the International Olympic Committee, who had presented her with the Olympic Order, Čáslavská was finally allowed to work as a gymnastics coach and judge in her home country.[2][10] After the fall of Communism, the Velvet Revolution
Velvet Revolution
in November 1989, Čáslavská's status improved dramatically. She became President Havel's adviser on sports and social matters and Honorary President of the Czech-Japan Association.[10][11] Later, after leaving the President's Office, she was elected President of the Czech Olympic Committee.[7][8] In 1995, she was appointed to the IOC membership committee.[4] Honours[edit] Čáslavská received numerous accolades for her contributions to the sport of gymnastics. In addition to the Olympic Order, she was awarded a 1989 Pierre de Coubertin
Pierre de Coubertin
International Fair Play Trophy by UNESCO and was noted at the ceremony for her "exemplary dignity".[13] In 1995, she was honored with the Czech Republic's Medal of Merit.[4] She was inducted into the International Women's Sports Hall of Fame in 1991[14] and the International Gymnastics
Gymnastics
Hall of Fame in 1998.[9] In 2010, she was awarded the Order of the Rising Sun, 3rd class. She was also presented a 17th-century katana[15] and a ceremonial kimono from the Japanese emperor.[16] In 2014, she was the joint recipient (with AP journalist Iva Drapolova) of the Hanno R. Ellenbogen Citizenship Award, awarded annually by the Prague
Prague
Society for International Cooperation and Global Panel Foundation, for outstanding civic courage.[17][18] Personal life and death[edit]

Čáslavská and Odložil getting married in Mexico City on 26 October 1968

Čáslavská in 2015

Shortly after the 1968 Olympics, Čáslavská married runner Josef Odložil, who had been a silver medalist at the 1964 Olympics in Tokyo. The ceremony, which took place at the Mexico City Cathedral, drew a crowd of thousands.[8] They had a son, Martin, and daughter, Radka.[2] The couple divorced in 1987.[19] In 1993, her son and ex-husband were involved in an altercation with Martin allegedly punching Josef; he fell to the floor and struck his head, leading to his death.[11] Čáslavská became depressed and was rarely seen in public afterwards.[11] Martin Odložil was convicted of causing his father's death but was granted a pardon by Václav Havel
Václav Havel
in 1997.[11] Čáslavská eventually overcame her depression (which she had been fighting for about 15 years), and returned to both social and sports lives, coaching younger gymnasts. Čáslavská was diagnosed with pancreatic cancer in 2015. Her health condition deteriorated significantly in the summer of 2016, to such an extent that she was taken to a hospital in Prague
Prague
on 30 August, where she died at the age of 74.[20] See also[edit]

Gymnastics
Gymnastics
portal

List of top Olympic gymnastics medalists List of top medalists at the World Artistic Gymnastics
Gymnastics
Championships

References[edit]

^ Věra Čáslavská. sports-reference.com ^ a b c d "Whatever happened to Vera Čáslavská?". Gymnastics Greats. 1999. Archived from the original on 11 November 2010. Retrieved 13 January 2008.  ^ a b c "Vera Čáslavská". International Gymnast. 2004. Archived from the original on 8 May 2004. Retrieved 1 July 2008.  ^ a b c d e "Bio and list of competitive results at Gymn-Forum". Gymn Forum. Retrieved 13 January 2008.  ^ Tatlow, Peter (1979). Gymnastics: all the beauty and skills of this thrilling sport. Chartwell Books, Inc. p. 143. ISBN 9780711100046.  ^ a b "Čáslavská reigns supreme again with four gymnastics golds". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 31 August 2016.  ^ a b "Vera Čáslavská: The heroine of Mexico". International Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 7 September 2009. Retrieved 13 January 2008.  ^ a b c d Cameron, Rob (3 May 2002). " Czechoslovak
Czechoslovak
sports legend Vera Caslavska celebrates 60th birthday". Czech Radio International. Retrieved 1 January 2008.  ^ a b "Čáslavská's entry at the International Gymnastics
Gymnastics
Hall of Fame". International Gymnastics
Gymnastics
Hall of Fame. Retrieved 13 January 2008.  ^ a b c d Janofsky, Michael (9 April 1990). "A Departure From the Past". New York Times. Retrieved 1 January 2008.  ^ a b c d e "Caslavska emerges from 10-year seclusion". Agence France-Presse. 4 May 2007. Archived from the original on 12 June 2011.  ^ Eskenazi, Gerald (2 August 1992). "BARCELONA; For Czech Athletes, the Door to Future Games May Have 2 Entrances". New York Times. Retrieved 1 January 2008.  ^ "Address by Mr. Federico Mayor" (PDF). UNESCO. 5 November 1990. Retrieved 13 January 2008.  ^ "List of Honorees, International Women's Sports Hall of Fame". International Women's Sports Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on 10 December 2007. Retrieved 13 January 2008.  ^ Martin Hašek. "Legendární gymnastka Věra Čáslavská: Můj meč hlavy nestínal" (in Czech). Isport. Retrieved 31 August 2016.  ^ "THE IMPORTANT PERSONS OF THE CZECH OLYMPISM". National Museum. Retrieved 31 August 2016.  ^ "Recipients of the Hanno R. Ellenbogen Citizenship Award". Prague Society. 2014. Retrieved 14 August 2015.  ^ " Věra Čáslavská
Věra Čáslavská
and Iva Drápalová receive HRE Citizenship Award". Global Panel Foundation. Retrieved 31 August 2016.  ^ "Past Olympics Athletes >> Vera Caslavska". ESPN. Agence France-Presse. 2008.  ^ "Czech gymnast Caslavska, Olympic great and icon of anti-Soviet protests, dies at 74". Reuters. 31 August 2016. Retrieved 31 August 2016. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Věra Čáslavská.

Vera CASLAVSKA at the International Federation of Gymnastics

Sporting positions

Preceded by Jindřich Poledník President of the Czech Olympic Committee 1990–1996 Succeeded by Milan Jirásek

Links to related articles

v t e

Olympic Champions in Artistic Gymnastics
Gymnastics
– Women's All-Around

1952  Maria Gorokhovskaya (URS) 1956  Larisa Latynina (URS) 1960  Larisa Latynina (URS) 1964  Věra Čáslavská (TCH) 1968  Věra Čáslavská (TCH) 1972  Ludmilla Tourischeva (URS) 1976  Nadia Comăneci (ROM) 1980  Yelena Davydova (URS) 1984  Mary Lou Retton (USA) 1988  Yelena Shushunova (URS) 1992  Tatiana Gutsu (EUN) 1996  Lilia Podkopayeva (UKR) 2000  Simona Amânar (ROM) 2004  Carly Patterson (USA) 2008  Nastia Liukin (USA) 2012  Gabby Douglas (USA) 2016  Simone Biles (USA)

v t e

Olympic Champions in Artistic Gymnastics
Gymnastics
– Women's Vault

1952  Ekaterina Kalinchuk (URS) 1956  Larisa Latynina (URS) 1960  Margarita Nikolaeva (URS) 1964  Věra Čáslavská (TCH) 1968  Věra Čáslavská (TCH) 1972  Karin Büttner-Janz (GDR) 1976  Nellie Kim (URS) 1980  Natalia Shaposhnikova (URS) 1984  Ecaterina Szabo (ROM) 1988  Svetlana Boginskaya (URS) 1992  Lavinia Miloșovici (ROM) 1992  Henrietta Ónodi (HUN) 1996  Simona Amânar (ROM) 2000  Elena Zamolodchikova (RUS) 2004  Monica Roșu (ROM) 2008  Hong Un-jong (PRK) 2012  Sandra Izbașa (ROU) 2016  Simone Biles (USA)

v t e

Olympic Champions in Artistic Gymnastics
Gymnastics
– Women's Uneven Bars

1952  Margit Korondi (HUN) 1956  Ágnes Keleti (HUN) 1960  Polina Astakhova (URS) 1964  Polina Astakhova (URS) 1968  Věra Čáslavská (TCH) 1972  Karin Büttner-Janz (GDR) 1976  Nadia Comăneci (ROM) 1980  Maxi Gnauck (GDR) 1984  Julianne McNamara (USA) 1984  Ma Yanhong (CHN) 1988  Daniela Silivaș (ROM) 1992  Lu Li (CHN) 1996  Svetlana Khorkina (RUS) 2000  Svetlana Khorkina (RUS) 2004  Émilie Le Pennec (FRA) 2008  He Kexin (CHN) 2012  Aliya Mustafina (RUS) 2016  Aliya Mustafina (RUS)

v t e

Olympic Champions in Artistic Gymnastics
Gymnastics
– Women's Balance Beam

1952  Nina Bocharova (URS) 1956  Ágnes Keleti (HUN) 1960  Eva Bosáková (TCH) 1964  Věra Čáslavská (TCH) 1968  Natalia Kuchinskaya (URS) 1972  Olga Korbut (URS) 1976  Nadia Comăneci (ROM) 1980  Nadia Comăneci (ROM) 1984  Ecaterina Szabo (ROM) 1984  Simona Păucă (ROM) 1988  Daniela Silivaș (ROM) 1992  Tatiana Lysenko (EUN) 1996  Shannon Miller (USA) 2000  Liu Xuan (CHN) 2004  Cătălina Ponor (ROM) 2008  Shawn Johnson (USA) 2012  Deng Linlin (CHN) 2016  Sanne Wevers (NED)

v t e

Olympic Champions in Artistic Gymnastics
Gymnastics
– Women's Floor Exercise

1952  Ágnes Keleti (HUN) 1956  Ágnes Keleti (HUN) 1956  Larisa Latynina (URS) 1960  Larisa Latynina (URS) 1964  Larisa Latynina (URS) 1968  Věra Čáslavská (TCH) 1968  Larisa Petrik (URS) 1972  Olga Korbut (URS) 1976  Nellie Kim (URS) 1980  Nadia Comăneci (ROM) 1980  Nellie Kim (URS) 1984  Ecaterina Szabo (ROM) 1988  Daniela Silivaș (ROM) 1992  Lavinia Miloșovici (ROM) 1996  Lilia Podkopayeva (UKR) 2000  Elena Zamolodchikova (RUS) 2004  Cătălina Ponor (ROM) 2008  Sandra Izbașa (ROU) 2012  Aly Raisman (USA) 2016  Simone Biles (USA)

v t e

World Champions in Artistic Gymnastics
Gymnastics
– Women's Team Competition

1934:  Czechoslovakia 1938:  Czechoslovakia 1950:  Sweden 1954:  Soviet Union 1958:  Soviet Union 1962:  Soviet Union 1966:  Czechoslovakia 1970:  Soviet Union 1974:  Soviet Union 1978:  Soviet Union 1979:  Romania 1981:  Soviet Union 1983:  Soviet Union 1985:  Soviet Union 1987:  Romania 1989:  Soviet Union 1991:  Soviet Union 1994:  Romania 1995:  Romania 1997:  Romania 1999:  Romania 2001:  Romania 2003:  United States 2006:  China 2007:  United States 2010:  Russia 2011:  United States 2014:  United States 2015:  United States

1966:  Czechoslovakia (TCH), Věra Čáslavská, Jindra Košťálová, Marianna Krajčírová, Jana Kubičková, Bohumila Řimnáčová, Jaroslava Sedláčková

v t e

World Champions in Artistic Gymnastics
Gymnastics
– Women's All-Around

1934  Vlasta Děkanová (TCH) 1938  Vlasta Děkanová (TCH) 1950  Helena Rakoczy (POL) 1954  Galina Rud'ko (URS) 1958  Larisa Latynina (URS) 1962  Larisa Latynina (URS) 1966  Věra Čáslavská (TCH) 1970  Ludmilla Tourischeva (URS) 1974  Ludmilla Tourischeva (URS) 1978  Elena Mukhina (URS) 1979  Nellie Kim (URS) 1981  Olga Bicherova (URS) 1983  Natalia Yurchenko (URS) 1985  Oksana Omelianchik (URS) 1985  Yelena Shushunova (URS) 1987  Aurelia Dobre (ROM) 1989  Svetlana Boginskaya (URS) 1991  Kim Zmeskal (USA) 1993  Shannon Miller (USA) 1994  Shannon Miller (USA) 1995  Lilia Podkopayeva (UKR) 1997  Svetlana Khorkina (RUS) 1999  Maria Olaru (ROM) 2001  Svetlana Khorkina (RUS) 2003  Svetlana Khorkina (RUS) 2005  Chellsie Memmel (USA) 2006  Vanessa Ferrari (ITA) 2007  Shawn Johnson (USA) 2009  Bridget Sloan (USA) 2010  Aliya Mustafina (RUS) 2011  Jordyn Wieber (USA) 2013  Simone Biles (USA) 2014  Simone Biles (USA) 2015  Simone Biles (USA) 2017  Morgan Hurd (USA)

v t e

World Champions in Artistic Gymnastics
Gymnastics
– Women's Vault

1950: Helena Rakoczy 1954: Pettersson / Manina 1958: Larisa Latynina 1962: Věra Čáslavská 1966: Věra Čáslavská 1970: Erika Zuchold 1974: Olga Korbut 1978: Nellie Kim 1979: Dumitrița Turner 1981: Maxi Gnauck 1983: Boriana Stoyanova 1985: Yelena Shushunova 1987: Yelena Shushunova 1989: Olesya Dudnik 1991: Lavinia Miloșovici 1992: Henrietta Ónodi 1993: Elena Piskun 1994: Gina Gogean 1995: Simona Amânar 1996: Gina Gogean 1997: Simona Amânar 1999: Elena Zamolodchikova 2001: Svetlana Khorkina 2002: Elena Zamolodchikova 2003: Oksana Chusovitina 2005: Cheng Fei 2006: Cheng Fei 2007: Cheng Fei 2009: Kayla Williams 2010: Alicia Sacramone 2011: McKayla Maroney 2013: McKayla Maroney 2014: Hong Un-jong 2015: Maria Paseka 2017: Maria Paseka

v t e

European Champions in Artistic Gymnastics
Gymnastics
– Women's Individual All-Around

1957: Larisa Latynina 1959: Natalia Kot 1961: Larisa Latynina 1963: Mirjana Bilić 1965: Věra Čáslavská 1967: Věra Čáslavská 1969: Karin Büttner-Janz 1971: Lazakovich / Tourischeva 1973: Ludmilla Tourischeva 1975: Nadia Comăneci 1977: Nadia Comăneci 1979: Nadia Comăneci 1981: Maxi Gnauck 1983: Olga Bicherova 1985: Yelena Shushunova 1987: Daniela Silivaș 1989: Svetlana Boginskaya 1990: Svetlana Boginskaya 1992: Tatiana Gutsu 1994: Gina Gogean 1996: Lilia Podkopayeva 1998: Svetlana Khorkina 2000: Svetlana Khorkina 2002: Svetlana Khorkina 2004: Alina Kozich 2005: Marine Debauve 2007: Vanessa Ferrari 2009: Ksenia Semyonova 2011: Anna Dementyeva 2013: Aliya Mustafina 2015: Giulia Steingruber 2017: Ellie Downie

v t e

European Champions in Artistic Gymnastics
Gymnastics
– Women's Vault

   

1957: Larisa Latynina 1959: Natalia Kot 1961: Ute Starke 1963: Solveig Egman-Andersson 1965: Věra Čáslavská 1967: Věra Čáslavská 1969: Karin Büttner-Janz 1971: Ludmilla Tourischeva 1973: Hellmann / Tourischeva 1975: Nadia Comăneci

1977: Nellie Kim 1979: Nadia Comăneci 1981: Cristina Elena Grigoraș 1983: Olga Bicherova 1985: Yelena Shushunova 1987: Yelena Shushunova 1989: Svetlana Boginskaya 1990: Svetlana Boginskaya 1992: Tatiana Gutsu 1994: Lavinia Miloșovici

1996: Simona Amânar 1998: Adrienn Varga 2000: Simona Amânar 2002: Natalia Ziganshina 2004: Monica Roșu 2005: Francesca Benolli 2006: Anna Grudko 2007: Carlotta Giovannini 2008: Oksana Chusovitina

2009: Ariella Käslin 2010: Ekaterina Kurbatova 2011: Sandra Izbașa 2012: Sandra Izbașa 2013: Giulia Steingruber 2014: Giulia Steingruber 2015: Maria Paseka 2016: Giulia Steingruber 2017: Coline Devillard

v t e

European Champions in Artistic Gymnastics
Gymnastics
– Women's Uneven Bars

1957: Larisa Latynina 1959: Polina Astakhova 1961: Polina Astakhova 1963: Thea Belmer 1965: Věra Čáslavská 1967: Věra Čáslavská 1969: Karin Büttner-Janz 1971: Tamara Lazakovich 1973: Ludmilla Tourischeva 1975: Nadia Comăneci 1977: Comăneci / Mukhina 1979: Elena Mukhina 1981: Maxi Gnauck 1983: Ecaterina Szabo 1985: Gnauck / Shushunova 1987: Daniela Silivaș 1989: Henrietta Ónodi 1990: Boginskaya / Kalinina / Pașca 1992: Tatiana Gutsu 1994: Svetlana Khorkina 1996: Amânar / Khorkina / Podkopayeva 1998: Svetlana Khorkina 2000: Svetlana Khorkina 2002: Svetlana Khorkina 2004: Svetlana Khorkina 2005: Émilie Le Pennec 2006: Beth Tweddle 2007: Dariya Zgoba 2008: Ksenia Semyonova 2009: Beth Tweddle 2010: Beth Tweddle 2011: Beth Tweddle 2012: Viktoria Komova 2013: Aliya Mustafina 2014: Becky Downie 2015: Daria Spiridonova 2016: Becky Downie 2017: Nina Derwael

v t e

European Champions in Artistic Gymnastics
Gymnastics
– Women's Balance Beam

1957: Larisa Latynina 1959: Věra Čáslavská 1961: Polina Astakhova 1963: Ewa Rydell 1965: Věra Čáslavská 1967: Věra Čáslavská 1969: Karin Büttner-Janz 1971: Tamara Lazakovich 1973: Ludmilla Tourischeva 1975: Nadia Comăneci 1977: Elena Mukhina 1979: Natalia Shaposhnikova 1981: Maxi Gnauck 1983: Lavinia Agache 1985: Oksana Omelianchik 1987: Daniela Silivaș 1989: Dudnik / Potorac 1990: Svetlana Boginskaya 1992: Svetlana Boginskaya 1994: Gina Gogean 1996: Rozalia Galiyeva 1998: Yevgeniya Kuznetsova 2000: Svetlana Khorkina 2002: Ludmila Ezhova 2004: Cătălina Ponor 2005: Cătălina Ponor 2006: Cătălina Ponor 2007: Yulia Lozhechko 2008: Ksenia Semyonova 2009: Yana Demyanchuk 2010: Amelia Racea 2011: Anna Dementyeva 2012: Cătălina Ponor 2013: Larisa Iordache 2014: Maria Kharenkova 2015: Andreea Munteanu 2016: Aliya Mustafina 2017: Cătălina Ponor

v t e

European Champions in Artistic Gymnastics
Gymnastics
– Women's Floor Exercise

1957: Larisa Latynina 1959: Polina Astakhova 1961: Larisa Latynina 1963: Mirjana Bilić 1965: Věra Čáslavská 1967: Věra Čáslavská 1969: Olga Karasyova 1971: Ludmilla Tourischeva 1973: Ludmilla Tourischeva 1975: Nellie Kim 1977: Filatova / Mukhina 1979: Nadia Comăneci 1981: Maxi Gnauck 1983: Bicherova / Szabo 1985: Yelena Shushunova 1987: Daniela Silivaș 1989: Boginskaya / Silivaș 1990: Svetlana Boginskaya 1992: Gina Gogean 1994: Lilia Podkopayeva 1996: Miloșovici / Podkopayeva 1998: Khorkina / Ungureanu 2000: Ludivine Furnon 2002: Alona Kvasha 2004: Cătălina Ponor 2005: Isabelle Severino 2006: Sandra Izbașa 2007: Vanessa Ferrari 2008: Sandra Izbașa 2009: Beth Tweddle 2010: Beth Tweddle 2011: Sandra Izbașa 2012: Larisa Iordache 2013: Ksenia Afanasyeva 2014: Ferrari / Iordache 2015: Ksenia Afanasyeva 2016: Giulia Steingruber 2017: Angelina Melnikova

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 113044011 LCCN: nr91011463 ISNI: 0000 0000 8347 6215 GND: 1024597504 NDL: 004350

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