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Västra Götaland County ( sv|Västra Götalands län) is a county or ''län'' on the western coast of Sweden. The county is the second largest (in terms of population) of Sweden's counties and it is subdivided into 49 municipalities (''kommuner''). Its population of 1,616,000 amounts to 17% of Sweden's population. The formal capital and seat of the governor of Västra Götaland County is Gothenburg. The political capital and seat of the Västra Götaland Regional Council is Vänersborg. The county was established in 1 January 1998, when Älvsborg County, Gothenburg and Bohus County and Skaraborg County were merged.


Provinces


Sweden's counties are generally of greater importance than its provinces. The counties are the main administrative units for politics and population counts. Due to its size and young age, the Västra Götaland County has no common inheritance. Of cultural and historical significance are the provinces that Västra Götaland County consists of: Västergötland, Bohuslän and Dalsland. There is also an insignificant part of the province Halland within the county. In addition, the previous counties that were abolished in 1998 had been in use since the 17th century, and therefore have some cultural and historical significance.


Neighbours


Västra Götaland County borders to the counties of Värmland, Örebro, Östergötland, Jönköping and Halland. It is also bounded by the Norwegian county of Viken both with a land and maritime border, lakes Vättern and Vänern, as well as the strait of Skagerrak.


Administration


Västra Götaland was created in 1998 by a merger of the three former counties of Gothenburg and Bohus County, Älvsborg County and Skaraborg County. The seat of residence for the Governors or ''Landshövding'' is Gothenburg, while the seat of political administration and power is Vänersborg. The Governor is the head of the County Administrative Board or ''Länsstyrelse''.


Politics


The Västra Götaland Regional Council or ''Västra Götalandsregionen'' is an evolved County Council that for a trial period has assumed certain tasks from the County Administrative Board. Similar trial councils are applied for Skåne County and Gotland County.


Municipalities





Demographics





Foreign background


SCB have collected statistics on backgrounds of residents since 2002. These tables consist of all who have two foreign-born parents or are born abroad themselves. The chart lists election years and the last year on record alone.


Heraldry


The arms for the County of Västra Götaland were granted in 1998 when the county was formed. They are a combination of the provincial arms of Västergötland, Bohuslän and Dalsland and the arms of the city of Gothenburg. When the arms are shown with a royal crown they represent the County Administrative Board, which is the regional presence of (royal) government authority. Blazon: "Quartered, I. the arms of Gothenburg, II. the arms of Bohuslän, III. the arms of Dalsland turned in courtoisie, IV. the arms of Västergötland."

References and notes




External links


* List of Västra Götaland Governors
Region Västra Götaland

Västra Götaland County Administrative Board

Gothenburg Regional Association of Local Authorities

Sjuhärad Regional Association of Local Authorities

Skaraborg Regional Association of Local Authorities

Fyrbodals Regional Association of Local Authorities
{{DEFAULTSORT:Vastra Gotaland County Category:Counties of Sweden Category:Bohuslän Category:Dalsland Category:Västergötland Category:States and territories established in 1998 Category:1998 establishments in Sweden