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UTAH (/ˈjuːtɔː, -tɑː/ ( listen )) is a state in the western United States
United States
. It became the 45th state admitted to the U.S. on January 4, 1896. Utah
Utah
is the 13th-largest by area , 31st-most-populous , and 10th-least-densely populated of the 50 United States
United States
. Utah
Utah
has a population of more than 3 million (Census estimate for July 1, 2016). Urban development is mostly concentrated in two areas: the Wasatch Front in the north-central part of the state, which contains approximately 2.5 million people; and Washington County in Southern Utah, with over 160,000 residents. Utah
Utah
is bordered by Colorado
Colorado
to the east, Wyoming
Wyoming
to the northeast, Idaho
Idaho
to the north, Arizona
Arizona
to the south, and Nevada
Nevada
to the west. It also touches a corner of New Mexico in the southeast.

Approximately 62% of Utahns are reported to be members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints or LDS ( Mormons ), which greatly influences Utahn culture and daily life. The LDS Church's world headquarters is located in Salt Lake City. Utah
Utah
is the only state with a majority population belonging to a single church.

The state is a center of transportation, education, information technology and research, government services, mining, and a major tourist destination for outdoor recreation. In 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau estimated that Utah
Utah
had the second fastest-growing population of any state. St. George was the fastest-growing metropolitan area in the United States
United States
from 2000 to 2005. Utah
Utah
also has the 14th highest median average income and the least income inequality of any U.S. state . A 2012 Gallup national survey found Utah
Utah
overall to be the "best state to live in" based on 13 forward-looking measurements including various economic, lifestyle, and health-related outlook metrics.

CONTENTS

* 1 Etymology

* 2 History

* 2.1 Pre-Columbian * 2.2 Spanish exploration (1540) * 2.3 LDS settlement (1847) * 2.4 Utah Territory
Utah Territory
(1850–1896) * 2.5 20th century

* 3 Geography

* 3.1 Climate

* 3.2 Wildlife

* 3.2.1 Mammals * 3.2.2 Birds * 3.2.3 Insects

* 3.3 Vegetation

* 4 Demographics

* 4.1 Health and fertility * 4.2 Ancestry and race * 4.3 Religion * 4.4 Languages * 4.5 Age and gender

* 5 Economy

* 5.1 Taxation

* 5.2 Tourism
Tourism

* 5.2.1 Branding

* 5.3 Mining

* 5.3.1 Incidents

* 5.4 Energy

* 5.4.1 Potential to use renewable energy sources

* 6 Transportation

* 7 Law and government

* 7.1 Counties * 7.2 Women\'s rights * 7.3 Constitution * 7.4 Alcohol, tobacco and gambling laws * 7.5 Same-sex marriage * 7.6 Politics

* 8 Major cities and towns * 9 Colleges and universities

* 10 Culture

* 10.1 Sports

* 10.2 Entertainment

* 10.2.1 Books * 10.2.2 Film * 10.2.3 Television * 10.2.4 Music videos * 10.2.5 Video games

* 11 See also * 12 References * 13 Further reading

* 14 External links

* 14.1 General * 14.2 Government * 14.3 Military * 14.4 Maps and demographics * 14.5 Tourism
Tourism
and recreation * 14.6 Other

ETYMOLOGY

A common folk etymology is that the name "Utah" is derived from the name of the Ute tribe , purported to mean "people of the mountains" in the Ute language . . This is in fact a false etymology. The term is not native in origin and its etymology is unclear. In actuality the word for people in Ute is 'núuchiu' while the word for mountain is 'káav(i)', offering no linguistic connection to the words 'Ute' or 'Utah'. According to other sources "Utah" is derived from the Apache name "yuttahih" which means "One that is Higher up" or "Those that are higher up". In the Spanish language
Spanish language
it was said as "Yuta", subsequently the English-speaking people adapted the word "Utah".

HISTORY

Main article: History of Utah

PRE-COLUMBIAN

Thousands of years before the arrival of European explorers, the Ancestral Puebloans and the Fremont people lived in what is now known as Utah, some of which spoke languages of the Uto-Aztecan group. Ancestral Pueblo peoples built their homes through excavations in mountains, and the Fremont people built houses of straw before disappearing from the region around the 15th century. Map showing Utah
Utah
in 1838 when it was part of Mexico. From Britannica 7th edition.

Another group of Native Americans, the Navajo , settled in the region around the 18th century. In the mid-18th century, other Uto-Aztecan tribes, including the Goshute
Goshute
, the Paiute , the Shoshone
Shoshone
, and the Ute people , also settled in the region. These five groups were present when the first European explorers arrived.

SPANISH EXPLORATION (1540)

The southern Utah
Utah
region was explored by the Spanish in 1540, led by Francisco Vásquez de Coronado
Francisco Vásquez de Coronado
, while looking for the legendary Cíbola . A group led by two Catholic
Catholic
priests—sometimes called the Dominguez-Escalante Expedition
Dominguez-Escalante Expedition
—left Santa Fe in 1776, hoping to find a route to the coast of California. The expedition traveled as far north as Utah Lake
Utah Lake
and encountered the native residents. The Spanish made further explorations in the region, but were not interested in colonizing the area because of its desert nature. In 1821, the year Mexico
Mexico
achieved its independence from Spain, the region became known as part of its territory of Alta California
Alta California
.

European trappers and fur traders explored some areas of Utah
Utah
in the early 19th century from Canada and the United States. The city of Provo, Utah was named for one, Étienne Provost , who visited the area in 1825. The city of Ogden, Utah was named after Peter Skene Ogden , a Canadian explorer who traded furs in the Weber Valley.

In late 1824, Jim Bridger became the first known English-speaking person to sight the Great Salt Lake . Due to the high salinity of its waters, He thought he had found the Pacific Ocean; he subsequently learned this body of water was a giant salt lake . After the discovery of the lake, hundreds of American and Canadian traders and trappers established trading posts in the region. In the 1830s, thousands of migrants traveling from the Eastern United States
United States
to the American West began to make stops in the region of the Great Salt Lake, then known as Lake Youta.

LDS SETTLEMENT (1847)

Brigham Young led the first Mormon pioneers to the Great Salt Lake

Following the death of Joseph Smith in 1844, Brigham Young as president of the Quorum of the Twelve became the effective leader of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Nauvoo, Illinois . To address the growing conflicts between his people and their neighbors, Young agreed with Illinois
Illinois
Governor Thomas Ford in October 1845 that the Mormons would leave by the following year.

Brigham Young and the first band of Mormon pioneers reached the Salt Lake Valley on July 24, 1847. Over the next 22 years, more than 70,000 pioneers crossed the plains and settled in Utah. For the first few years, Brigham Young and the thousands of early settlers of Salt Lake City struggled to survive. The arid desert land was deemed by the Mormons as desirable as a place where they could practice their religion without harassment.

The Mormon
Mormon
settlements provided pioneers for other settlements in the West. Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
became the hub of a "far-flung commonwealth" of Mormon
Mormon
settlements. With new church converts coming from the East and around the world, Church leaders often assigned groups of church members as missionaries to establish other settlements throughout the West. They developed irrigation to support fairly large pioneer populations along Utah's Wasatch front (Salt Lake City, Bountiful and Weber Valley, and Provo and Utah
Utah
Valley). Throughout the remainder of the 19th century, Mormon pioneers established hundreds of other settlements in Utah, Idaho, Nevada, Arizona, Wyoming, California, Canada, and Mexico
Mexico
– including in Las Vegas, Nevada
Nevada
; Franklin, Idaho
Idaho
(the first European settlement in Idaho); San Bernardino, California
California
; Mesa, Arizona
Arizona
; Star Valley, Wyoming
Wyoming
; and Carson Valley, Nevada
Nevada
.

Prominent settlements in Utah
Utah
included St. George , Logan , and Manti (where settlers completed the first three temples in Utah, each started after but finished many years before the larger and better known temple built in Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
was completed in 1893), as well as Parowan, Cedar City, Bluff, Moab, Vernal, Fillmore (which served as the territorial capital between 1850 and 1856), Nephi, Levan, Spanish Fork, Springville, Provo Bench (now Orem), Pleasant Grove, American Fork, Lehi, Sandy, Murray, Jordan, Centerville, Farmington, Huntsville, Kaysville, Grantsville, Tooele, Roy, Brigham City, and many other smaller towns and settlements. Young had an expansionist's view of the territory that he and the Mormon pioneers were settling, calling it Deseret – which according to the Book of Mormon
Book of Mormon
was an ancient word for "honeybee". This is symbolized by the beehive on the Utah
Utah
flag, and the state's motto, "Industry".

Utah
Utah
was Mexican territory when the first pioneers arrived in 1847. Early in the Mexican–American War
Mexican–American War
in late 1846, the United States had taken control of New Mexico
New Mexico
and California. The entire Southwest became U.S. territory upon the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo , February 2, 1848. The treaty was ratified by the United States Senate on March 11. Learning that California
California
and New Mexico were applying for statehood, the settlers of the Utah
Utah
area (originally having planned to petition for territorial status) applied for statehood with an ambitious plan for a State of Deseret .

UTAH TERRITORY (1850–1896)

Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
in 1850 A sketch of Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
in 1860 Deseret Village recreates pioneer life in Utah
Utah
for tourists The Golden Spike where the First Transcontinental Railroad was completed in the U.S. on May 10, 1869 in Promontory, Utah

The Utah Territory
Utah Territory
was much smaller than the proposed state of Deseret, but it still contained all of the present states of Nevada and Utah
Utah
as well as pieces of modern Wyoming
Wyoming
and Colorado. It was created with the Compromise of 1850
Compromise of 1850
, and Fillmore , named after President Millard Fillmore
Millard Fillmore
, was designated the capital. The territory was given the name Utah
Utah
after the Ute tribe of Native Americans. Salt Lake City replaced Fillmore as the territorial capital in 1856.

Disputes between the Mormon
Mormon
inhabitants and the U.S. government intensified due to the practice of plural marriage , or polygamy , among members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The Mormons were still pushing for the establishment of a State of Deseret with the new borders of the Utah
Utah
Territory. Most, if not all, of the members of the U.S. government opposed the polygamous practices of the Mormons.

Members of the LDS Church were viewed as un-American and rebellious when news of their polygamous practices spread. In 1857, particularly heinous accusations of abdication of government and general immorality were leveled by former associate justice William W. Drummond, among others. The detailed reports of life in Utah
Utah
caused the administration of James Buchanan
James Buchanan
to send a secret military "expedition" to Utah. When the supposed rebellion should be quelled, Alfred Cumming would take the place of Brigham Young as territorial governor. The resulting conflict is known as the Utah War , nicknamed "Buchanan's Blunder" by the Mormon
Mormon
leaders.

In September 1857, about 120 American settlers of the Baker–Fancher wagon train, en route to California
California
from Arkansas, were murdered by Utah
Utah
Territorial Militia and some Paiute Native Americans in the Mountain Meadows massacre
Mountain Meadows massacre
.

Before troops led by Albert Sidney Johnston entered the territory, Brigham Young ordered all residents of Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
to evacuate southward to Utah Valley and sent out a force, known as the Nauvoo Legion , to delay the government's advance. Although wagons and supplies were burned, eventually the troops arrived in 1858, and Young surrendered official control to Cumming, although most subsequent commentators claim that Young retained true power in the territory. A steady stream of governors appointed by the president quit the position, often citing the traditions of their supposed territorial government. By agreement with Young, Johnston established Camp Floyd , 40 miles (60 km) away from Salt Lake City, to the southwest.

Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
was the last link of the First Transcontinental Telegraph , completed in October 1861. Brigham Young was among the first to send a message, along with Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln
and other officials.

Because of the American Civil War
American Civil War
, federal troops were pulled out of Utah Territory
Utah Territory
in 1861. This was a boon to the local economy as the army sold everything in camp for pennies on the dollar before marching back east to join the war. The territory was then left in LDS hands until Patrick E. Connor arrived with a regiment of California volunteers in 1862. Connor established Fort Douglas just 3 miles (4.8 km) east of Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
and encouraged his people to discover mineral deposits to bring more non- Mormons into the territory. Minerals were discovered in Tooele
Tooele
County and miners began to flock to the territory.

Beginning in 1865, Utah\'s Black Hawk War developed into the deadliest conflict in the territory's history. Chief Antonga Black Hawk died in 1870, but fights continued to break out until additional federal troops were sent in to suppress the Ghost Dance
Ghost Dance
of 1872. The war is unique among Indian Wars
Indian Wars
because it was a three-way conflict, with mounted Timpanogos Utes led by Antonga Black Hawk fighting federal and LDS authorities.

On May 10, 1869, the First Transcontinental Railroad was completed at Promontory Summit , north of the Great Salt Lake . The railroad brought increasing numbers of people into the territory and several influential businesspeople made fortunes there.

During the 1870s and 1880s laws were passed to punish polygamists due, in part, to the stories coming forth regarding Utah. Notably, Ann Eliza Young—tenth wife to divorce Brigham Young, women's advocate, national lecturer and author of Wife No. 19 or My Life of Bondage and Mr. and Mrs. Fanny Stenhouse, authors of The Rocky Mountain Saints (T. B. H. Stenhouse, 1873) and Tell It All: My Life in Mormonism (Fanny Stenhouse, 1875). Both of these women, Ann Eliza and Fanny, testify to the happiness of the very early Church members before polygamy began to be practiced. They independently published their books in 1875. These books and the lectures of Ann Eliza Young have been credited with the United States
United States
Congress passage of anti-polygamy laws by newspapers throughout the United States
United States
as recorded in "The Ann Eliza Young Vindicator", a pamphlet which detailed Ms Young's travels and warm reception throughout her lecture tour.

T. B. H. Stenhouse, former Utah
Utah
Mormon
Mormon
polygamist, Mormon
Mormon
missionary for thirteen years and a Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
newspaper owner, finally left Utah
Utah
and wrote The Rocky Mountain Saints. His book gives a witnessed account of his life in Utah, both the good and the bad. He finally left Utah
Utah
and Mormonism after financial ruin occurred when Brigham Young sent Stenhouse to relocate to Ogden, Utah, according to Stenhouse, to take over his thriving pro- Mormon
Mormon
Salt Lake Telegraph newspaper. In addition to these testimonies, The Confessions of John D. Lee, written by John D. Lee—alleged "Scape goat" for the Mountain Meadow Massacre —also came out in 1877. The corroborative testimonies coming out of Utah
Utah
from Mormons and former Mormons influenced Congress and the people of the United States.

In the 1890 Manifesto , the LDS Church banned polygamy. When Utah applied for statehood again, it was accepted. One of the conditions for granting Utah
Utah
statehood was that a ban on polygamy be written into the state constitution. This was a condition required of other western states that were admitted into the Union later. Statehood was officially granted on January 4, 1896.

20TH CENTURY

Children reading in Santa Clara, Utah, in 1940

Beginning in the early 20th century, with the establishment of such national parks as Bryce Canyon National Park and Zion National Park , Utah
Utah
became known for its natural beauty. Southern Utah
Utah
became a popular filming spot for arid, rugged scenes featured in the popular mid-century western film genre. From such films, most US residents recognize such natural landmarks as Delicate Arch
Delicate Arch
and "the Mittens" of Monument Valley . During the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s, with the construction of the Interstate highway system, accessibility to the southern scenic areas was made easier.

Since the establishment of Alta Ski Area in 1939 and the subsequent development of several ski resorts in the state's mountains, Utah's skiing has become world-renowned. The dry, powdery snow of the Wasatch Range is considered some of the best skiing in the world (the state license plate claims "the Greatest Snow on Earth"). Salt Lake City won the bid for the 2002 Winter Olympic Games
2002 Winter Olympic Games
, and this served as a great boost to the economy. The ski resorts have increased in popularity, and many of the Olympic venues built along the Wasatch Front continue to be used for sporting events. Preparation for the Olympics spurred the development of the light-rail system in the Salt Lake Valley , known as TRAX , and the re-construction of the freeway system around the city.

In 1957, Utah
Utah
created the Utah State Parks Commission with four parks. Today, Utah State Parks manages 43 parks and several undeveloped areas totaling over 95,000 acres (380 km2) of land and more than 1,000,000 acres (4,000 km2) of water. Utah's state parks are scattered throughout Utah; from Bear Lake State Park at the Utah/Idaho border to Edge of the Cedars State Park Museum deep in the Four Corners region, and everywhere in between. Utah State Parks is also home to the state's off highway vehicle office, state boating office and the trails program.

During the late 20th century, the state grew quickly. In the 1970s growth was phenomenal in the suburbs of the Wasatch Front. Sandy was one of the fastest-growing cities in the country at that time. Today, many areas of Utah
Utah
continue to see boom-time growth. Northern Davis , southern and western Salt Lake , Summit , eastern Tooele
Tooele
, Utah
Utah
, Wasatch , and Washington counties are all growing very quickly. Management of transportation and urbanization are major issues in politics, as development consumes agricultural land and wilderness areas, with density of uses creating air pollution.

GEOGRAPHY

See also: List of canyons and gorges in Utah and List of Utah counties Arches National Park Pariette Wetlands Little Cottonwood Canyon Deer Creek Reservoir
Deer Creek Reservoir
American Fork Canyon Utah
Utah
county boundaries

Utah
Utah
is known for its natural diversity and is home to features ranging from arid deserts with sand dunes to thriving pine forests in mountain valleys. It is a rugged and geographically diverse state that is at the convergence of three distinct geological regions: the Rocky Mountains , the Great Basin
Great Basin
, and the Colorado
Colorado
Plateau .

Utah
Utah
is one of the Four Corners
Four Corners
states, and is bordered by Idaho
Idaho
in the north, Wyoming
Wyoming
in the north and east; by Colorado
Colorado
in the east; at a single point by New Mexico
New Mexico
to the southeast; by Arizona
Arizona
in the south; and by Nevada
Nevada
in the west. It covers an area of 84,899 sq mi (219,890 km2). The state is one of only three U.S. states (with Colorado
Colorado
and Wyoming) that have only lines of latitude and longitude for boundaries.

One of Utah's defining characteristics is the variety of its terrain . Running down the middle of the state's northern third is the Wasatch Range , which rises to heights of almost 12,000 ft (3,700 m) above sea level. Utah
Utah
is home to world-renowned ski resorts , made popular by the light, fluffy snow, and winter storms which regularly dump 1 to 3 feet of overnight snow accumulation. In the state's northeastern section, running east to west, are the Uinta Mountains , which rise to heights of over 13,000 feet (4,000 m). The highest point in the state, Kings Peak , at 13,528 feet (4,123 m), lies within the Uinta Mountains.

At the western base of the Wasatch Range is the Wasatch Front , a series of valleys and basins that are home to the most populous parts of the state. It stretches approximately from Brigham City at the north end to Nephi at the south end. Approximately 75 percent of the state's population lives in this corridor, and population growth is rapid.

Western Utah
Utah
is mostly arid desert with a basin and range topography. Small mountain ranges and rugged terrain punctuate the landscape. The Bonneville Salt Flats are an exception, being comparatively flat as a result of once forming the bed of ancient Lake Bonneville . Great Salt Lake , Utah Lake
Utah Lake
, Sevier Lake , and Rush Lake are all remnants of this ancient freshwater lake, which once covered most of the eastern Great Basin
Great Basin
. West of the Great Salt Lake , stretching to the Nevada border, lies the arid Great Salt Lake Desert . One exception to this aridity is Snake Valley , which is (relatively) lush due to large springs and wetlands fed from groundwater derived from snow melt in the Snake Range , Deep Creek Range , and other tall mountains to the west of Snake Valley. Great Basin
Great Basin
National Park is just over the Nevada
Nevada
state line in the southern Snake Range. One of western Utah's most impressive, but least visited attractions is Notch Peak , the tallest limestone cliff in North America, located west of Delta .

Much of the scenic southern and southeastern landscape (specifically the Colorado
Colorado
Plateau region) is sandstone , specifically Kayenta sandstone and Navajo sandstone . The Colorado
Colorado
River and its tributaries wind their way through the sandstone, creating some of the world's most striking and wild terrain (the area around the confluence of the Colorado
Colorado
and Green Rivers was the last to be mapped in the lower 48 United States). Wind and rain have also sculpted the soft sandstone over millions of years. Canyons, gullies, arches, pinnacles, buttes, bluffs, and mesas are the common sight throughout south-central and southeast Utah.

This terrain is the central feature of protected state and federal parks such as Arches , Bryce Canyon , Canyonlands , Capitol Reef , and Zion national parks, Cedar Breaks , Grand Staircase-Escalante , Hovenweep , and Natural Bridges national monuments, Glen Canyon National Recreation
Recreation
Area (site of the popular tourist destination, Lake Powell ), Dead Horse Point and Goblin Valley state parks, and Monument Valley . The Navajo Nation also extends into southeastern Utah. Southeastern Utah
Utah
is also punctuated by the remote, but lofty La Sal , Abajo , and Henry mountain ranges.

Eastern (northern quarter) Utah
Utah
is a high-elevation area covered mostly by plateaus and basins, particularly the Tavaputs Plateau and San Rafael Swell , which remain mostly inaccessible, and the Uinta Basin , where the majority of eastern Utah's population lives. Economies are dominated by mining, oil shale , oil , and natural gas-drilling, ranching , and recreation . Much of eastern Utah
Utah
is part of the Uintah and Ouray Indian Reservation . The most popular destination within northeastern Utah
Utah
is Dinosaur National Monument near Vernal .

Southwestern Utah
Utah
is the lowest and hottest spot in Utah. It is known as Utah's Dixie because early settlers were able to grow some cotton there. Beaverdam Wash in far southwestern Utah
Utah
is the lowest point in the state, at 2,000 feet (610 m). The northernmost portion of the Mojave Desert
Mojave Desert
is also located in this area. Dixie is quickly becoming a popular recreational and retirement destination, and the population is growing rapidly. Although the Wasatch Mountains end at Mount Nebo near Nephi , a complex series of mountain ranges extends south from the southern end of the range down the spine of Utah. Just north of Dixie and east of Cedar City is the state's highest ski resort, Brian Head .

Like most of the western and southwestern states, the federal government owns much of the land in Utah. Over 70 percent of the land is either BLM land , Utah
Utah
State Trustland, or U.S. National Forest , U.S. National Park , U.S. National Monument
U.S. National Monument
, National Recreation
Recreation
Area or U.S. Wilderness Area . Utah
Utah
is the only state where every county contains some national forest.

CLIMATE

Köppen climate types of Utah
Utah

Utah
Utah
features a dry, semi-arid to desert climate , although its many mountains feature a large variety of climates, with the highest points in the Uinta Mountains being above the timberline . The dry weather is a result of the state's location in the rain shadow of the Sierra Nevada
Nevada
in California. The eastern half of the state lies in the rain shadow of the Wasatch Mountains . The primary source of precipitation for the state is the Pacific Ocean, with the state usually lying in the path of large Pacific storms from October to May. In summer, the state, especially southern and eastern Utah, lies in the path of monsoon moisture from the Gulf of California
Gulf of California
.

Most of the lowland areas receive less than 12 inches (305 mm) of precipitation annually, although the I-15 corridor, including the densely populated Wasatch Front , receives approximately 15 inches (381 mm). The Great Salt Lake Desert is the driest area of the state, with less than 5 inches (127 mm). Snowfall is common in all but the far southern valleys. Although St. George only receives about 3 inches (8 cm) per year, Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
sees about 60 inches (152 cm), enhanced by the lake-effect snow from the Great Salt Lake , which increases snowfall totals to the south, southeast, and east of the lake.

Some areas of the Wasatch Range in the path of the lake-effect receive up to 500 inches (1,270 cm) per year. This micro climate of enhanced snowfall from the Great Salt Lake spans the entire proximity of the lake. The cottonwood canyons adjacent to Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
are located in the right position to receive more precipitation from the lake. The consistently deep powder snow led Utah's ski industry to adopt the slogan "the Greatest Snow on Earth" in the 1980s. In the winter, temperature inversions are a common phenomenon across Utah's low basins and valleys, leading to thick haze and fog that can sometimes last for weeks at a time, especially in the Uintah Basin . Although at other times of year its air quality is good, winter inversions give Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
some of the worst wintertime pollution in the country.

Previous studies have indicated a widespread decline in snowpack over Utah
Utah
accompanied by a decline in the snow–precipitation ratio while anecdotal evidence claims have been put forward that measured changes in Utah's snowpack are spurious and do not reflect actual change. A 2012 study found that the proportion of winter (January–March) precipitation falling as snow has decreased by 9% during the last half century, a combined result from a significant increase in rainfall and a minor decrease in snowfall. Meanwhile, observed snow depth across Utah
Utah
has decreased and is accompanied by consistent decreases in snow cover and surface albedo. Weather systems with the potential to produce precipitation in Utah
Utah
have decreased in number with those producing snowfall decreasing at a considerably greater rate. Snow in Rose Park, Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City

Utah's temperatures are extreme, with cold temperatures in winter due to its elevation, and very hot summers statewide (with the exception of mountain areas and high mountain valleys). Utah
Utah
is usually protected from major blasts of cold air by mountains lying north and east of the state, although major Arctic blasts can occasionally reach the state. Average January high temperatures range from around 30 °F (−1 °C) in some northern valleys to almost 55 °F (13 °C) in St. George.

Temperatures dropping below 0 °F (−18 °C) should be expected on occasion in most areas of the state most years, although some areas see it often (for example, the town of Randolph averages about 50 days per year with temperatures dropping that low). In July, average highs range from about 85 to 100 °F (29 to 38 °C). However, the low humidity and high elevation typically leads to large temperature variations, leading to cool nights most summer days. The record high temperature in Utah
Utah
was 118 °F (48 °C), recorded south of St. George on July 4, 2007, and the record low was −69 °F (−56 °C), recorded at Peter Sinks in the Bear River Mountains of northern Utah on February 1, 1985. However, the record low for an inhabited location is −49 °F (−45 °C) at Woodruff on December 12, 1932.

Utah, like most of the western United States, has few days of thunderstorms. On average there are fewer than 40 days of thunderstorm activity during the year, although these storms can be briefly intense when they do occur. They are most likely to occur during monsoon season from about mid-July through mid-September, especially in southern and eastern Utah. Dry lightning strikes and the general dry weather often spark wildfires in summer, while intense thunderstorms can lead to flash flooding , especially in the rugged terrain of southern Utah. Although spring is the wettest season in northern Utah, late summer is the wettest period for much of the south and east of the state. Tornadoes are uncommon in Utah, with an average of two striking the state yearly, rarely higher than EF1 intensity.

One exception of note, however, was the unprecedented F2 Salt Lake City Tornado that moved directly across downtown Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
on August 11, 1999, killing 1 person, injuring 60 others, and causing approximately $170 million in damage. The only other reported tornado fatality in Utah's history was a 7-year-old girl who was killed while camping in Summit County on July 6, 1884. The last tornado of above (E)F0 intensity occurred on September 8, 2002, when an F2 tornado hit Manti . On August 11, 1993, an F3 tornado hit the Uinta Mountains north of Duchesne at an elevation of 10,500 feet (3,200 m), causing some damage to a Boy Scouts campsite. This is the strongest tornado ever recorded in Utah.

WILDLIFE

Utah
Utah
is home to more than 600 vertebrate animals as well as numerous invertebrates and insects.

Mammals

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Mammals are found in every area of Utah. Non-predatory larger mammals include the wood bison , elk , moose , mountain goat , mule deer , pronghorn , and multiple types of bighorn sheep . Non-predatory small mammals include muskrat , and nutria . Predatory mammals include the brown and black bear , cougar , Canada lynx , bobcat , fox (gray , red , and kit ), coyote , badger , gray wolf , black-footed ferret , mink , stoat , long-tailed weasel , raccoon , and otter .

Birds

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Insects

THIS SECTION NEEDS EXPANSION. You can help by adding to it . (May 2017)

There are many different insects found in Utah. One of the most rare is the Coral Pink Sand Dunes tiger beetle , found only in Coral Pink Sand Dunes State Park , near Kanab . It was proposed in 2012 to be listed as a threatened species, but the proposal was not accepted.

In February 2009, Africanized honeybees were found in southern Utah. The bees had spread into eight counties in Utah, as far north as Grand and Emery counties by May 2017.

The white-lined sphinx moth is common to most of the United States, but there have been reported outbreaks of large groups of their larvae damaging tomato, grape and garden crops in Utah.

VEGETATION

THIS SECTION NEEDS EXPANSION. You can help by adding to it . (May 2017)

Joshua trees, yucca plants, and jumping cholla cactus occupy the far southwest corner of the state in the Mojave Desert
Mojave Desert

Several thousand plants are native to Utah.

DEMOGRAPHICS

Main article: Demographics of Utah "Welcome to Utah" sign

The United States
United States
Census Bureau estimates that the population of Utah was 2,995,919 on July 1, 2015, an 8.40% increase since the 2010 United States Census . The center of population of Utah
Utah
is located in Utah County in the city of Lehi . Much of the population lives in cities and towns along the Wasatch Front , a metropolitan region that runs north–south with the Wasatch Mountains rising on the eastern side. Growth outside the Wasatch Front is also increasing. The St. George metropolitan area is currently the second fastest-growing in the country after the Las Vegas metropolitan area , while the Heber micropolitan area is also the second fastest-growing in the country (behind Palm Coast, Florida ).

Utah
Utah
contains five metropolitan areas (Logan , Ogden -Clearfield , Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
, Provo -Orem , and St. George ), and 6 micropolitan areas (Brigham City , Heber , Vernal , Price , Richfield , and Cedar City ).

HEALTH AND FERTILITY

Utah
Utah
ranks 47th in teenage pregnancy , lowest in percentage of births out of wedlock , lowest in number of abortions per capita, and lowest in percentage of teen pregnancies terminated in abortion. However, statistics relating to pregnancies and abortions may also be artificially low from teenagers going out of state for abortions because of parental notification requirements. Utah
Utah
has the lowest child poverty rate in the country, despite its young demographics. According to the Gallup-Healthways Global Well-Being Index as of 2012 , Utahns ranked fourth in overall well-being in the United States. A 2002 national prescription drug study determined that antidepressant drugs were "prescribed in Utah
Utah
more often than in any other state, at a rate nearly twice the national average." The data shows that depression rates in Utah
Utah
are no higher than the national average.

ANCESTRY AND RACE

At the 2010 Census, 86.1% of the population was non-Hispanic White , down from 93.8% in 1990, 1% non-Hispanic Black or African American, 1.2% non-Hispanic American Indian and Alaska
Alaska
Native, 2% non-Hispanic Asian , 0.9% non-Hispanic Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, 0.1% from some other race (non-Hispanic) and 1.8% of two or more races (non-Hispanic). 13.0% of Utah's population was of Hispanic , Latino, or Spanish origin (of any race).

HISTORICAL POPULATION

CENSUS POP.

1850 11,380

1860 40,273

253.9%

1870 86,336

114.4%

1880 143,963

66.7%

1890 210,779

46.4%

1900 276,749

31.3%

1910 373,351

34.9%

1920 449,396

20.4%

1930 507,847

13.0%

1940 550,310

8.4%

1950 688,862

25.2%

1960 890,627

29.3%

1970 1,059,273

18.9%

1980 1,461,037

37.9%

1990 1,722,850

17.9%

2000 2,233,169

29.6%

2010 2,763,885

23.8%

EST. 2017 3,101,833

12.2%

Source: 1910–2010 2016 estimate

UTAH RACIAL BREAKDOWN OF POPULATION RACIAL COMPOSITION 1970 1990 2000 2010

White 97.4% 93.8% 89.2% 86.1%

Asian 0.6% 1.9% 1.7% 2.0%

Native 1.1% 1.4% 1.3% 1.2%

Black 0.6% 0.7% 0.8% 1.0%

Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander – – 0.7% 0.9%

Other race 0.2% 2.2% 4.2% 6.0%

Two or more races – – 2.1% 2.7%

Utah
Utah
Population Density Map

The largest ancestry groups in the state are:

* 26.0% English * 11.9% German * 11.8% Scandinavian (5.4% Danish , 4.0% Swedish , 2.4% Norwegian ) * 9.0% Mexican * 6.6% American * 6.2% Irish * 4.6% Scottish * 2.7% Italian * 2.4% Dutch * 2.2% French * 2.2% Welsh * 1.4% Scotch Irish * 1.3% Swiss

Most Utahns are of Northern European descent. In 2011 one-third of Utah's workforce was reported to be bilingual, developed through a program of acquisition of second languages beginning in elementary school, and related to Mormonism's missionary goals for its young people.

In 2011, 28.6% of Utah's population younger than the age of one were ethnic minorities, meaning that they had at least one parent who was not non-Hispanic white.

RELIGION

RELIGION IN UTAH AS OF 2014

Religion

Percent

Mormon
Mormon
  55%

None   22%

Protestant
Protestant
  13%

Catholic
Catholic
  5%

Other faiths   2%

Buddhist
Buddhist
  1%

Muslim
Muslim
  1%

The LDS Salt Lake Temple , the primary attraction in the city's Temple Square A Holi Festival called 'The Festival
Festival
of Color' takes place each spring at the Hindu
Hindu
Sri Sri Radha Krishna Temple in Spanish Fork . First Presbyterian Church in Salt Lake City

A majority of the state's residents are members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). As of 2012 , 62.2% of Utahns are counted as members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Mormons currently make up between 34%–41% of the population within Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
. However, many of the other major population centers such as Provo, Logan, Tooele, and St. George tend to be predominantly Mormon
Mormon
as well as many suburban and rural areas. The religious body with the largest number of congregations is The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (with 4,815 congregations).

Though the LDS Church officially maintains a policy of neutrality in regards to political parties, the church's doctrine has a strong regional influence on politics. Another doctrine effect can be seen in Utah's high birth rate (25 percent higher than the national average; the highest for a state in the U.S.). The Mormons in Utah tend to have conservative views when it comes to most political issues and the majority of voter-age Utahns are unaffiliated voters (60%) who vote overwhelmingly Republican . Mitt Romney received 72.8% of the Utahn votes in 2012, while John McCain
John McCain
polled 62.5% in the United States presidential election, 2008 and 70.9% for George W. Bush
George W. Bush
in 2004. In 2010 the Association of Religion Data Archives (ARDA) reported that the three largest denominational groups in Utah
Utah
are The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints with 1,910,504 adherents; the Catholic
Catholic
Church with 160,125 adherents, and the Southern Baptist Convention with 12,593 adherents. There is a small but growing Jewish presence in the state.

According to results from the 2010 United States
United States
Census combined with official membership statistics of the LDS Church, Mormons (members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
) represented 62.1% of Utah's total population. The Utah
Utah
county with the lowest percentage of Mormons was Grand County , at 26.5%, while the county with the highest percentage was Morgan County , at 86.1%. In addition, the result for the most populated county, Salt Lake County , was 51.4%.

According to a Gallup poll , Utah
Utah
had the 3rd-highest number of people reporting as "Very Religious" in 2015, at 55% (trailing only Mississippi
Mississippi
and Alabama
Alabama
). However, it was near the national average of people reporting as "Nonreligious" (31%), and featured the smallest percentage of people reporting as "Moderately Religious" (15%) of any state, being 8 points lower than 2nd-lowest state Vermont
Vermont
. In addition, it had the highest average weekly church attendance of any state, at 51%.

LANGUAGES

The official language in the state of Utah
Utah
is English . Utah
Utah
English is primarily a merger of Northern and Midland American dialects carried west by the Mormons , whose original New York dialect later incorporated features from southern Ohio
Ohio
and central Illinois
Illinois
. Conspicuous in Mormon
Mormon
speech in the central valley, although less frequent now in Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
, is a reversal of vowels , so that 'farm' and 'barn' sound like 'form' and 'born' and, conversely, 'form' and 'born' sound like 'farm' and 'barn'.

In 2000, 87.5% of all state residents five years of age or older spoke only English at home, a decrease from 92.2% in 1990.

TOP 14 NON-ENGLISH LANGUAGES SPOKEN IN UTAH LANGUAGE Percentage of population (as of 2010 )

Spanish 7.4%

German 0.6%

Navajo 0.5%

French 0.4%

Pacific Island languages including Chamorro, Hawaiian, Ilocano, Indonesian, and Samoan 0.4%

Chinese 0.4%

Portuguese 0.3%

Vietnamese 0.3%

Japanese 0.2%

Arapaho 0.1%

AGE AND GENDER

Utah
Utah
has the highest total birth rate and accordingly, the youngest population of any U.S. state. In 2010, the state's population was 50.2% male and 49.8% female.

ECONOMY

Main article: Economy of Utah See also: Utah
Utah
locations by per capita income The Wasatch Front region has seen large growth and development despite the economic downturn. Shown is the City Creek Center project, a development in downtown Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
with a price tag of $1.5–2.5 billion. One out of every 14 flash memory chips in the world is produced in Lehi, Utah . Zion National Park in southern Utah
Utah
is one of five national parks in the state Farms and ranches

According to the Bureau of Economic Analysis , the gross state product of Utah
Utah
in 2012 was US$ 130.5 billion, or 0.87% of the total United States
United States
GDP of US$14.991 trillion for the same year. The per capita personal income was $45,700 in 2012. Major industries of Utah include: mining, cattle ranching, salt production, and government services.

According to the 2007 State New Economy Index, Utah
Utah
is ranked the top state in the nation for Economic Dynamism, determined by "the degree to which state economies are knowledge-based, globalized, entrepreneurial, information technology-driven and innovation-based". In 2014, Utah
Utah
was ranked number one in Forbes
Forbes
' list of "Best States For Business". A November 2010 article in Newsweek magazine highlighted Utah
Utah
and particularly the Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
area's economic outlook, calling it "the new economic Zion", and examined how the area has been able to bring in high-paying jobs and attract high-tech corporations to the area during a recession. As of September 2014 , the state's unemployment rate was 3.5%. In terms of "small business friendliness", in 2014 Utah
Utah
emerged as number one, based on a study drawing upon data from over 12,000 small business owners.

In eastern Utah
Utah
petroleum production is a major industry. Near Salt Lake City, petroleum refining is done by a number of oil companies. In central Utah, coal production accounts for much of the mining activity.

According to Internal Revenue Service
Internal Revenue Service
tax returns, Utahns rank first among all U.S. states in the proportion of income given to charity by the wealthy. This is due to the standard 10% of all earnings that Mormons give to the LDS Church. According to the Corporation for National and Community Service, Utah
Utah
had an average of 884,000 volunteers between 2008 and 2010, each of whom contributed 89.2 hours per volunteer. This figure equates to $3.8 billion of service contributed, ranking Utah
Utah
number one for volunteerism in the nation.

TAXATION

Utah
Utah
collects personal income tax ; since 2008 the tax has been a flat 5 percent for all taxpayers. The state sales tax has a base rate of 6.45 percent, with cities and counties levying additional local sales taxes that vary among the municipalities. Property taxes are assessed and collected locally. Utah
Utah
does not charge intangible property taxes and does not impose an inheritance tax .

TOURISM

Tourism
Tourism
is a major industry in Utah. With five national parks (Arches , Bryce Canyon , Canyonlands , Capitol Reef , and Zion ), Utah
Utah
has the third most national parks of any state after Alaska
Alaska
and California. In addition, Utah
Utah
features eight national monuments (Cedar Breaks , Dinosaur , Grand Staircase-Escalante , Hovenweep , Natural Bridges , Bears Ears , Rainbow Bridge , and Timpanogos Cave ), two national recreation areas (Flaming Gorge and Glen Canyon ), seven national forests (Ashley , Caribou-Targhee , Dixie , Fishlake , Manti-La Sal , Sawtooth , and Uinta-Wasatch-Cache ), and numerous state parks and monuments.

The Moab area, in the southeastern part of the state, is known for its challenging mountain biking trails, including Slickrock . Moab also hosts the famous Moab Jeep Safari semiannually.

Utah
Utah
has seen an increase in tourism since the 2002 Winter Olympics
2002 Winter Olympics
. Park City is home to the United States
United States
Ski Team . Utah's ski resorts are primarily located in northern Utah
Utah
near Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
, Park City, Ogden , and Provo . Between 2007 and 2011 Deer Valley
Deer Valley
in Park City, has been ranked the top ski resort in North America in a survey organized by Ski Magazine.

In addition to having prime snow conditions and world-class amenities, Northern Utah's ski resorts are well liked among tourists for their convenience and proximity to a large city and international airport , as well as the close proximity to other ski resorts, allowing skiers the ability to ski at multiple locations in one day. The 2009 Ski Magazine reader survey concluded that six out of the top ten resorts deemed most "accessible" and six out of the top ten with the best snow conditions were located in Utah. In Southern Utah, Brian Head Ski Resort is located in the mountains near Cedar City . Former Olympic venues including Utah Olympic Park and Utah
Utah
Olympic Oval are still in operation for training and competition and allows the public to participate in numerous activities including ski jumping , bobsleigh , and speed skating .

Utah
Utah
features many cultural attractions such as Temple Square , the Sundance Film Festival
Sundance Film Festival
, the Red Rock Film Festival , the DOCUTAH Film Festival
Festival
, and the Utah Shakespearean Festival . Temple Square is ranked as the 16th most visited tourist attraction in the United States by Forbes
Forbes
magazine, with over five million annual visitors.

Other attractions include Monument Valley , the Great Salt Lake , the Bonneville Salt Flats , and Lake Powell . Bryce Canyon National Park Amphitheater (winter view)

Branding

The Delicate Arch
Delicate Arch
Utah
Utah
license plate with the "Life Elevated" state slogan

The state of Utah
Utah
relies heavily on income from tourists and travelers visiting the state's parks and ski resorts, and thus the need to "brand" Utah
Utah
and create an impression of the state throughout the world has led to several state slogans, the most famous of which being "The Greatest Snow on Earth", which has been in use in Utah officially since 1975 (although the slogan was in unofficial use as early as 1962) and now adorns nearly 50 percent of the state's license plates. In 2001, Utah
Utah
Governor Mike Leavitt
Mike Leavitt
approved a new state slogan, "Utah! Where Ideas Connect", which lasted until March 10, 2006, when the Utah
Utah
Travel Council and the office of Governor Jon Huntsman announced that "Life Elevated" would be the new state slogan.

MINING

Mining has been a large industry in Utah
Utah
since it was first settled. The Bingham Canyon Mine in Salt Lake County is one of the largest open pit mines in the world.

Beginning in the late 19th century with the state's mining boom (including the Bingham Canyon Mine , among the world's largest open pit mines), companies attracted large numbers of immigrants with job opportunities. Since the days of the Utah Territory
Utah Territory
mining has played a major role in Utah's economy. Historical mining towns include Mercur in Tooele
Tooele
County, Silver Reef in Washington County, Eureka in Juab County, Park City in Summit County and numerous coal mining camps throughout Carbon County such as Castle Gate, Spring Canyon, and Hiawatha.

These settlements were characteristic of the boom and bust cycle that dominated mining towns of the American West. Park City, Utah, and Alta, Utah
Utah
were a boom towns in the early twentieth centuries. Rich silver mines in the mountains adjacent to the towns led to many people flocking to the towns in search of wealth. During the early part of the Cold War
Cold War
era, uranium was mined in eastern Utah. Today mining activity still plays a major role in the state's economy. Minerals mined in Utah
Utah
include copper, gold, silver, molybdenum, zinc, lead, and beryllium. Fossil fuels including coal, petroleum, and natural gas continue to play a large role in Utah's economy, especially in the eastern part of the state in counties such as Carbon, Emery, Grand, and Uintah.

Incidents

In 2007, nine people were killed at the Crandall Canyon Mine collapse.

On March 22, 2013, one miner died and another was injured after they became trapped in a cave-in at a part of the Castle Valley Mining Complex , about 10 miles west of the small mining town of Huntington in Emery County .

ENERGY

UTAH WIND GENERATION (GWH, MILLION KWH)

YEAR Capacity (MW) TOTAL JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEPT OCT NOV DEC

2009 223 160 1 – 2 3 3 3 3 3 33 47 15 35

2010 223 448 31 17 46 44 50 38 36 56 39 26 26 42

2011 325 576 18 54 59 45 57 70 55 63 23 38 65 32

2012

36 40 97 62 80 93 56 40 34

Source:

UTAH GRID-CONNECTED PV CAPACITY (MW)

YEAR CAPACITY INSTALLED % GROWTH

2007 0.2

2008 0.2

0

2009 0.6 0.4 200%

2010 2.1 1.4 250%

2011 4.4 2.3 110%

Potential To Use Renewable Energy Sources

Utah
Utah
has the potential to generate 31.6 TWh/year from 13.1 GW of wind power, and 10,290 TWh/year from solar power using 4,048 GW of photovoltaic (PV), including 5.6 GW of rooftop photovoltaic, and 1,638 GW of concentrated solar power .

TRANSPORTATION

Further information: List of state highways in Utah and Utah
Utah
Transit Authority Salt Lake International Airport
Salt Lake International Airport
is the largest airport in Utah
Utah
FrontRunner commuter rail serves cities from Ogden to Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
to Provo TRAX light rail serves Salt Lake County

I-15 and I-80 are the main interstate highways in the state, where they intersect and briefly merge near downtown Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
. I-15 traverses the state north-to-south, entering from Arizona
Arizona
near St. George , paralleling the Wasatch Front , and crossing into Idaho
Idaho
near Portage . I-80 spans northern Utah
Utah
east-to-west, entering from Nevada at Wendover , crossing the Wasatch Mountains east of Salt Lake City, and entering Wyoming
Wyoming
near Evanston . I-84 West enters from Idaho
Idaho
near Snowville (from Boise ) and merges with I-15 from Tremonton to Ogden , then heads southeast through the Wasatch Mountains before terminating at I-80 near Echo Junction .

I-70 splits from I-15 at Cove Fort in central Utah
Utah
and heads east through mountains and rugged desert terrain, providing quick access to the many national parks and national monuments of southern Utah, and has been noted for its beauty. The 103-mile (163 km) stretch from Salina to Green River is the country's longest stretch of interstate without services and, when completed in 1970, was the longest stretch of entirely new highway constructed in the U.S. since the Alaska Highway was completed in 1943.

TRAX , a light rail system in the Salt Lake Valley , consists of three lines. The Blue Line (formerly Salt Lake/Sandy Line) begins in the suburb of Draper and ends in Downtown Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
. The Red Line (Mid-Jordan/University Line) begins in the Daybreak Community of South Jordan , a southwestern valley suburb, and ends at the University of Utah . The Green Line begins in West Valley City , passes through downtown Salt Lake City, and ends at Salt Lake City International Airport .

The Utah Transit Authority (UTA) , which operates TRAX, also operates a bus system that stretches across the Wasatch Front, west into Grantsville , and east into Park City . In addition, UTA provides winter service to the ski resorts east of Salt Lake City, Ogden, and Provo . Several bus companies also provide access to the ski resorts in winter, and local bus companies also serve the cities of Cedar City , Logan , Park City, and St. George . A commuter rail line known as FrontRunner , also operated by UTA, runs between Pleasant View and Provo via Salt Lake City. Amtrak
Amtrak
's California Zephyr
California Zephyr
, with one train in each direction daily, runs east–west through Utah
Utah
with stops in Green River , Helper , Provo, and Salt Lake City.

Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
International Airport is the only international airport in the state and serves as one of the hubs for Delta Air Lines . The airport has consistently ranked first in on-time departures and had the fewest cancellations among U.S. airports. The airport has non-stop service to over 100 destinations throughout the United States, Canada, and Mexico
Mexico
, as well as to Amsterdam
Amsterdam
, London
London
and Paris
Paris
. Canyonlands Field (near Moab ), Cedar City Regional Airport , Ogden-Hinckley Airport , Provo Municipal Airport , St. George Regional Airport , and Vernal Regional Airport all provide limited commercial air service. A new regional airport at St. George opened on January 12, 2011. SkyWest Airlines
SkyWest Airlines
is also headquartered in St. George and maintains a hub at Salt Lake City.

LAW AND GOVERNMENT

UTAH STATE SYMBOLS

The Flag of Utah
Flag of Utah

The Seal of Utah
Seal of Utah

LIVING INSIGNIA

BIRD California gull Larus californicus

BUTTERFLY Monarch butterfly
Monarch butterfly
Danaus plexippus

FISH Bonneville cutthroat trout
Bonneville cutthroat trout
Oncorhynchus clarki utah

FLOWER Sego lily Calochortus nuttallii

GRASS Indian ricegrass
Indian ricegrass
Achnatherum hymenoides

INSECT Western honey bee
Western honey bee
Apis mellifera

MAMMAL Elk
Elk
Cervus canadensis nelsoni

TREE Quaking aspen Populus tremuloides

INANIMATE INSIGNIA

DANCE Square dance

DINOSAUR Allosaurus
Allosaurus

FIREARM M1911 pistol
M1911 pistol

FOOD Cherry
Cherry
Prunus avium

GEMSTONE Topaz
Topaz

MINERAL Copper
Copper

MOTTO Industry

ROCK Coal
Coal

SHIP USS Utah (BB-31)

SLOGAN "Life Elevated"

SOIL Mivida (soil)

SONG " Utah, This Is the Place "

TARTAN Utah
Utah
State Centennial Tartan
Tartan

STATE ROUTE MARKER

STATE QUARTER

Released in 2007

Lists of United States state symbols

Further information: List of Utah Governors , List of Utah
Utah
State Legislatures , Utah State Senate , and Utah
Utah
State House of Representatives Jake Garn (top-right), former Senator of Utah (1974–1993), and astronaut on Space Shuttle
Space Shuttle
flight STS-51-D

Utah
Utah
government, like most U.S. states, is divided into three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial. The current governor of Utah
Utah
is Gary Herbert , who was sworn in on August 11, 2009. The governor is elected for a four-year term. The Utah
Utah
State Legislature consists of a Senate and a House of Representatives . State senators serve four-year terms and representatives two-year terms. The Utah Legislature
Legislature
meets each year in January for an annual forty-five-day session.

The Utah Supreme Court is the court of last resort in Utah. It consists of five justices, who are appointed by the governor, and then subject to retention election. The Utah Court of Appeals handles cases from the trial courts. Trial level courts are the district courts and justice courts. All justices and judges, like those on the Utah Supreme Court, are subject to retention election after appointment.

COUNTIES

Main article: List of counties in Utah

Utah
Utah
is divided into political jurisdictions designated as counties . Since 1918 there have been 29 counties in the state, ranging from 298 to 7,819 square miles (772 to 20,300 km2).

COUNTY NAME COUNTY SEAT YEAR FOUNDED 2010 U.S. CENSUS PERCENT OF TOTAL AREA % OF STATE

Beaver Beaver 1856 6,162 0.22% 2,589 sq mi (6,710 km2) 3.2%

Box Elder Brigham City 1856 49,975 1.81% 5,745 sq mi (14,880 km2) 7.0%

Cache Logan 1856 112,656 4.08% 1,164 sq mi (3,010 km2) 1.4%

Carbon Price 1894 21,403 0.77% 1,478 sq mi (3,830 km2) 1.8%

Daggett Manila 1918 938 0.03% 696 sq mi (1,800 km2) 0.8%

Davis Farmington 1852 306,479 11.09% 298 sq mi (770 km2) 0.4%

Duchesne Duchesne 1915 18,607 0.67% 3,240 sq mi (8,400 km2) 3.9%

Emery Castle Dale 1880 10,976 0.40% 4,462 sq mi (11,560 km2) 5.4%

Garfield Panguitch 1882 4,658 0.17% 5,175 sq mi (13,400 km2) 6.3%

Grand Moab 1890 9,589 0.35% 3,671 sq mi (9,510 km2) 4.5%

Iron Parowan 1852 46,163 1.67% 3,296 sq mi (8,540 km2) 4.0%

Juab Nephi 1852 10,246 0.37% 3,392 sq mi (8,790 km2) 4.1%

Kane Kanab 1864 6,577 0.24% 3,990 sq mi (10,300 km2) 4.9%

Millard Fillmore 1852 12,503 0.45% 6,572 sq mi (17,020 km2) 8.0%

Morgan Morgan 1862 8,669 0.31% 609 sq mi (1,580 km2) 0.7%

Piute Junction 1865 1,404 0.05% 757 sq mi (1,960 km2) 0.9%

Rich Randolph 1868 2,205 0.08% 1,028 sq mi (2,660 km2) 1.3%

Salt Lake Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
1852 1,029,655 37.25% 742 sq mi (1,920 km2) 0.9%

San Juan Monticello 1880 14,746 0.53% 7,819 sq mi (20,250 km2) 9.5%

Sanpete Manti 1852 27,822 1.01% 1,590 sq mi (4,100 km2) 1.9%

Sevier Richfield 1865 20,802 0.75% 1,910 sq mi (4,900 km2) 2.3%

Summit Coalville 1854 36,324 1.31% 1,871 sq mi (4,850 km2) 2.3%

Tooele
Tooele
Tooele
Tooele
1852 58,218 2.11% 6,941 sq mi (17,980 km2) 8.4%

Uintah Vernal 1880 32,588 1.18% 4,479 sq mi (11,600 km2) 5.5%

Utah
Utah
Provo 1852 516,564 18.69% 2,003 sq mi (5,190 km2) 2.4%

Wasatch Heber 1862 23,530 0.85% 1,175 sq mi (3,040 km2) 1.4%

Washington St. George 1852 138,115 5.00% 2,426 sq mi (6,280 km2) 3.0%

Wayne Loa 1892 2,509 0.09% 2,460 sq mi (6,400 km2) 3.0%

Weber Ogden 1852 231,236 8.37% 576 sq mi (1,490 km2) 0.7%

* ,Total Counties: 29 * Total 2010 population: 2,763,885 * Total state area: 82,154 sq mi (212,780 km2)

WOMEN\'S RIGHTS

Further information: Women\'s suffrage in Utah
Utah

Utah
Utah
granted full voting rights to women in 1870, 26 years before becoming a state. Among all U.S. states, only Wyoming
Wyoming
granted suffrage to women earlier. However, in 1887 the initial Edmunds-Tucker Act was passed by Congress in an effort to curtail Mormon
Mormon
influence in the territorial government. One of the provisions of the Act was the repeal of women's suffrage; full suffrage was not returned until Utah was admitted to the Union in 1896.

Utah
Utah
is one of the 15 states that have not ratified the U.S. Equal Rights Amendment .

CONSTITUTION

Main article: Constitution of Utah

The constitution of Utah
Utah
was enacted in 1895. Notably, the constitution outlawed polygamy , as requested by Congress when Utah had applied for statehood, and reestablished the territorial practice of women's suffrage . Utah's Constitution has been amended many times since its inception.

ALCOHOL, TOBACCO AND GAMBLING LAWS

See also: List of alcohol laws of the United States
United States

Utah's laws in regard to alcohol , tobacco and gambling are strict. Utah
Utah
is an alcoholic beverage control state . The Utah
Utah
Department of Alcoholic Beverage Control regulates the sale of alcohol; wine and spirituous liquors may only be purchased at state liquor stores, and local laws may prohibit the sale of beer and other alcoholic beverages on Sundays. The state bans the sale of fruity alcoholic drinks at grocery stores and convenience stores. The law states that such drinks must now have new state-approved labels on the front of the products that contain capitalized letters in bold type telling consumers the drinks contain alcohol and at what percentage. The Utah
Utah
Indoor Clean Air Act is a statewide smoking ban , that prohibits smoking in many public places. Utah
Utah
is one of few states to set a smoking age of 19, as opposed to 18, as in most other states. Utah
Utah
is also one of only two states in the United States
United States
to outlaw all forms of gambling; the other is Hawaii.

SAME-SEX MARRIAGE

Main article: Same-sex marriage in Utah

Same-sex marriage became legal in Utah
Utah
on December 20, 2013 when judge Robert J. Shelby of the United States
United States
District Court for the District of Utah
Utah
issued a ruling in Kitchen v. Herbert . As of close of business December 26, more than 1,225 marriage licenses were issued, with at least 74 percent, or 905 licenses, issued to gay and lesbian couples. The state Attorney General's office was granted a stay of the ruling by the United States
United States
Supreme Court on January 6, 2014 while the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals
Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals
considers the case. On Monday October 6, 2014, the Supreme Court of the United States declined a Writ of Certiorari, and the 10th Circuit Court issued their mandate later that day, lifting their stay. Same-sex marriages commenced again in Utah
Utah
that day.

POLITICS

Further information: Political party strength in Utah

PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION RESULTS YEAR REPUBLICAN DEMOCRAT

2016 45.54% 515,231 27.46% 310,676

2012 72.79% 740,600 24.75% 251,813

2008 62.25% 596,030 34.22% 327,670

2004 71.54% 663,742 26.00% 241,199

2000 66.83% 515,096 26.34% 203,053

1996 54.37% 361,911 33.30% 221,633

1992 43.36% 322,632 24.65% 183,429

1988 66.22% 428,442 32.05% 207,343

1984 74.50% 469,105 24.68% 155,369

1980 72.77% 439,687 20.57% 124,266

1976 62.44% 337,908 33.65% 182,110

1972 67.64% 323,643 26.39% 126,284

1968 56.49% 238,728 37.07% 156,665

1964 45.14% 180,682 54.86% 219,628

1960 54.81% 205,361 45.17% 169,248

Treemap of the popular vote by county, 2016 presidential election. The Utah State Capitol , Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
The Scott Matheson Courthouse is the seat of the Utah Supreme Court

In the late 19th century, the federal government took issue with polygamy in the LDS Church. The LDS Church discontinued plural marriage in 1890, and in 1896 Utah
Utah
gained admission to the Union. Many new people settled the area soon after the Mormon
Mormon
pioneers. Relations have often been strained between the LDS population and the non-LDS population. These tensions have played a large part in Utah's history (Liberal Party vs. People\'s Party ).

Utah
Utah
votes predominantly Republican. Self-identified Latter-day Saints are more likely to vote for the Republican ticket than non-Mormons, and Utah
Utah
is one of the most Republican states in the nation. Utah
Utah
was the single most Republican -leaning state in the country in every presidential election from 1976 to 2004, measured by the percentage point margin between the Republican and Democratic candidates. In 2008 Utah
Utah
was only the third-most Republican state (after Wyoming
Wyoming
and Oklahoma
Oklahoma
), but in 2012 , with Mormon
Mormon
Mitt Romney atop the Republican ticket, Utah
Utah
returned to its position as the most Republican state. However, the 2016 presidential election result saw Republican Donald Trump
Donald Trump
carry the state (marking the thirteenth consecutive win by the Republican presidential candidate) with only a plurality, the first time this happened since 1992 .

Both of Utah's U.S. Senators , Orrin Hatch and Mike Lee , are Republican. Four more Republicans, Rob Bishop , Chris Stewart , John Curtis and Mia Love , represent Utah
Utah
in the United States
United States
House of Representatives . After Jon Huntsman Jr. resigned to serve as U.S. Ambassador to China, Gary Herbert was sworn in as governor on August 11, 2009. Herbert was elected to serve out the remainder of the term in a special election in 2010, defeating Democratic nominee Salt Lake County Mayor Peter Corroon with 64% of the vote. He won election to a full four-year term in 2012, defeating Democratic Businessman Peter Cooke with 68% of the vote.

The LDS Church maintains an official policy of neutrality with regard to political parties and candidates.

In the 1970s, then-Apostle Ezra Taft Benson was quoted by the Associated Press
Associated Press
that it would be difficult for a faithful Latter-day Saint to be a liberal Democrat. Although the LDS Church has officially repudiated such statements on many occasions, Democratic candidates—including LDS Democrats—believe that Republicans capitalize on the perception that the Republican Party is doctrinally superior. Political scientist and pollster Dan Jones explains this disparity by noting that the national Democratic Party is associated with liberal positions on gay marriage and abortion, both of which the LDS Church is against. The Republican Party in heavily Mormon
Mormon
Utah County presents itself as the superior choice for Latter-day Saints. Even though Utah
Utah
Democratic candidates are predominantly LDS, socially conservative, and pro-life, no Democrat has won in Utah County since 1994.

David Magleby , dean of Social and Behavioral Sciences at Brigham Young University , a lifelong Democrat and a political analyst, asserts that the Republican Party actually has more conservative positions than the LDS Church. Magleby argues that the locally conservative Democrats are in better accord with LDS doctrine. For example, the Republican Party of Utah
Utah
opposes almost all abortions while Utah
Utah
Democrats take a more liberal approach, although more conservative than their national counterparts. On Second Amendment issues, the state GOP has been at odds with the LDS Church position opposing concealed firearms in places of worship and in public spaces.

In 1998 the church expressed concern that Utahns perceived the Republican Party as an LDS institution and authorized lifelong Democrat and Seventy Marlin Jensen to promote LDS bipartisanship.

Utah
Utah
is much more conservative than the United States
United States
as a whole, particularly on social issues. Compared to other Republican-dominated states in the Mountain West such as Wyoming
Wyoming
, Utah
Utah
politics have a more moralistic and less libertarian character, according to David Magleby.

Governor elections results YEAR REPUBLICAN DEMOCRATIC

2016 66.7% 750,850 28.7% 323,249

2012 68.4% 624,678 27.7% 253,514

2008 77.6% 734,049 19.7% 186,503

2004 57.7% 531,190 41.4% 380,359

2000 56.0% 422,357 43.0% 320,141

1996 75.0% 503,693 23.3% 156,616

Salt Lake County Mayor YEAR REPUBLICAN DEMOCRATIC

2008 32% 114,097 66% 233,655

2004 44% 144,928 48% 157,287

2000 52% 158,787 47% 144,011

Senator Bennett results YEAR REPUBLICAN DEMOCRATIC

2004 69% 626,640 28% 258,955

1998 64% 316,652 33% 163,172

Senator Hatch results YEAR REPUBLICAN DEMOCRATIC

2006 63% 356,238 31% 177,459

2000 66% 501,925 32% 241,129

About 80% of Utah's Legislature
Legislature
are members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, while they account for 61 percent of the population. Since becoming a state in 1896, Utah
Utah
has had only two non- Mormon
Mormon
governors.

In 2006, the legislature passed legislation aimed at banning joint-custody for a non-biological parent of a child. The custody measure passed the legislature and was vetoed by the governor, a reciprocal benefits supporter.

Carbon County's Democrats are generally made up of members of the large Greek , Italian , and Southeastern European communities, whose ancestors migrated in the early 20th century to work in the extensive mining industry. The views common amongst this group are heavily influenced by labor politics , particularly of the New Deal Era.

The state's most Republican areas tend to be Utah County , which is the home to Brigham Young University in the city of Provo , and nearly all the rural counties. These areas generally hold socially conservative views in line with that of the national Religious Right . The most Democratic areas of the state lie currently in and around Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
proper.

The state has not voted for a Democrat for president since 1964. Historically, Republican presidential nominees score one of their best margins of victory here. Utah
Utah
was the Republicans' best state in the 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1996, 2000, and 2004 elections. In 1992, Utah
Utah
was the only state in the nation where Democratic candidate Bill Clinton finished behind both Republican candidate George HW Bush and Independent candidate Ross Perot . In 2004, Republican George W. Bush won every county in the state and Utah
Utah
gave him his largest margin of victory of any state. He won the state's five electoral votes by a margin of 46 percentage points with 71.5% of the vote. In the 1996 Presidential elections the Republican candidate received a smaller 54% of the vote while the Democrat earned 34%.

MAJOR CITIES AND TOWNS

Main article: List of cities and towns in Utah See also: Utah locations by per capita income Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
Logan Ogden Park City Provo Sandy St. George

Utah's population is concentrated in two areas, the Wasatch Front in the north-central part of the state, with a population of over 2 million; and Washington County , in southwestern Utah, locally known as "Dixie ", with over 150,000 residents in the metropolitan area.

According to the 2010 Census, Utah
Utah
was the second fastest-growing state (at 23.8 percent) in the United States
United States
between 2000 and 2010 (behind Nevada). St. George , in the southwest, is the second fastest-growing metropolitan area in the United States, trailing Greeley, Colorado
Colorado
.

The three fastest-growing counties from 2000 to 2010 were Wasatch County (54.7%), Washington County (52.9%), and Tooele
Tooele
County (42.9%). However, Utah County added the most people (148,028). Between 2000 and 2010, Saratoga Springs (1,673%), Herriman (1,330%), Eagle Mountain (893%), Cedar Hills (217%), South Willard (168%), Nibley (166%), Syracuse (159%), West Haven (158%), Lehi (149%), Washington (129%), and Stansbury Park (116%) all at least doubled in population. West Jordan (35,376), Lehi (28,379), St. George (23,234), South Jordan (20,981), West Valley City (20,584), and Herriman (20,262) all added at least 20,000 people.

Utah Rank CITY Population (2016) within city limits Land area Population density (/mi2) Population density (/km2) COUNTY

1 Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
193,744 109.1 sq mi (283 km2) 1,666.1 630 Salt Lake

2 West Valley City 136,574 35.4 sq mi (92 km2) 3,076.3 1236 Salt Lake

3 Provo 116,868 39.6 sq mi (103 km2) 2,653.2 1106 Utah County

4 West Jordan 113,699 30.9 sq mi (80 km2) 2,211.3 1143 Salt Lake

5 Orem 97,499 18.4 sq mi (48 km2) 4,572.6 1881 Utah County

6 Sandy 95,836 22.3 sq mi (58 km2) 3,960.5 1551 Salt Lake

7 Ogden 86,701 26.6 sq mi (69 km2) 2,899.2 1137 Weber

8 St. George 82,318 64.4 sq mi (167 km2) 771.2 385 Washington

9 Layton 75,655 20.7 sq mi (54 km2) 2,823.9 1153 Davis

10 Taylorsville 60,436 10.7 sq mi (28 km2) 5,376.1 2094 Salt Lake

COMBINED STATISTICAL AREA Population (2010)

Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
-Ogden -Clearfield comprises: Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
and Ogden-Clearfield Metropolitan Areas and Brigham City and Heber Micropolitan Areas (as listed below) 1,744,886

Utah Rank METROPOLITAN AREA Population (2010) COUNTIES

1 Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
* 1,124,197 Salt Lake , Tooele
Tooele
, Summit

2 Ogden -Clearfield * 547,184 Weber , Davis , Morgan

3 Provo -Orem 526,810 Utah
Utah

4 St. George 138,115 Washington

5 Logan 125,442 Cache , Franklin (Idaho)

* Until 2003, the Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
and Ogden-Clearfield metropolitan areas were considered as a single metropolitan area.

Utah Rank MICROPOLITAN AREA Population (2010)

1 Brigham City 49,015

2 Cedar City 44,540

3 Vernal 29,885

4 Heber 21,066

5 Price 19,549

6 Richfield 18,382

COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES

Main article: List of colleges and universities in Utah The Huntsman Cancer Institute on the campus of the University of Utah in Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
The Eyring Science Center on the campus of Brigham Young University in Provo, Utah

* The Art Institute of Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
in Draper * Broadview University in Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
, Layton , Orem , West Jordan * Brigham Young University in Provo (satellite campus in Salt Lake City) * Certified Career Institute in Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
and Clearfield * Davis Applied Technology College
Davis Applied Technology College
Kaysville, UT * Dixie State University in St. George * Eagle Gate College in Murray and Layton * LDS Business College
LDS Business College
in Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
* Neumont University in South Jordan * Provo College in Provo * Roseman University in South Jordan, Utah * Salt Lake Community College in Taylorsville * Snow College in Ephraim and Richfield * Southern Utah University (formerly Southern Utah
Utah
State College) in Cedar City * Stevens-Henager College at various locations statewide * University of Phoenix at various locations statewide * University of Utah in Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
* Utah
Utah
College of Applied Technologyin Lehi * Utah State University in Logan (satellite campuses at various state locations) * Utah State University Eastern in Price (formerly the College of Eastern Utah
Utah
until 2010) * Utah Valley University (formerly Utah Valley State College) in Orem * Weber State University in Ogden * Western Governors University an online only university, headquartered in Salt Lake City * Westminster College in Salt Lake City * George Wythe University in Salt Lake City

CULTURE

SPORTS

See also: List of professional sports teams in Utah The Utah Jazz playing against the Houston Rockets Robbie Russell playing for Real Salt Lake

Utah
Utah
is the least populous U.S. state
U.S. state
to have a major professional sports league franchise. The Utah Jazz of the National Basketball Association play at Vivint Smart Home Arena in Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
. The team moved to the city from New Orleans in 1979 and has been one of the most consistently successful teams in the league (although they have yet to win a championship). Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
was previously host to the Utah Stars , who competed in the ABA from 1970–76 and won 1 championship, and to the Utah Starzz of the WNBA from 1997 to 2003.

Real Salt Lake of Major League Soccer
Major League Soccer
was founded in 2005 and play their home matches at Rio Tinto Stadium
Rio Tinto Stadium
in Sandy . RSL remains the only Utah
Utah
major league sports team to have won a national championship, having won the MLS Cup in 2009. RSL currently operates three adult teams in addition to the MLS side. Real Monarchs , competing in the second-level United Soccer League , is the official reserve side for RSL. The team began play in the 2015 season at Rio Tinto Stadium, remaining there until moving to Zions Bank Stadium, located at RSL's training center in Herriman , for the 2018 season. Utah Royals FC
Utah Royals FC
, which will also play at Rio Tinto Stadium, will begin play in the National Women\'s Soccer League , the top level of U.S. women's soccer, in the 2018 season. Before the creation of the Royals, RSL's main women's side had been Real Salt Lake Women , which began play in the Women\'s Premier Soccer League in 2008 and moved to United Women\'s Soccer in 2016. RSL Women currently play at Utah Valley University in Orem .

The Utah Blaze began play in the original version of the Arena Football League in 2006, and remained in the league until it folded in 2009. The Blaze returned to the league at its relaunch in 2010 , playing until the team's demise in 2013. They competed originally at the Maverik Center in West Valley City , and later at Vivint Smart Home Arena when it was known as EnergySolutions Arena.

Utah's highest level minor league baseball team is the Salt Lake Bees , who play at Smith\'s Ballpark in Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
and are part of the AAA level Pacific Coast League . Utah
Utah
also has one minor league hockey team, the Utah Grizzlies , who play at the Maverik Center and compete in the ECHL
ECHL
.

Utah
Utah
has six universities that compete in Division I of the NCAA . Three of the schools have football programs that participate in the top-level Football Bowl Subdivision : Utah
Utah
in the Pac-12 Conference
Pac-12 Conference
, Utah
Utah
State in the Mountain West Conference , and BYU
BYU
as an independent (although BYU
BYU
competes in the non-football West Coast Conference for most other sports). In addition, Weber State and Southern Utah
Utah
(SUU) compete in the Big Sky Conference
Big Sky Conference
of the FCS . Utah Valley , which has no football program, is a full member of the Western Athletic Conference .

Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
hosted the 2002 Winter Olympics
2002 Winter Olympics
. After early financial struggles and scandal, the 2002 Olympics eventually became among the most successful Winter Olympics in history from a marketing and financial standpoint. Watched by over 2 billion viewers, the Games ended up with a profit of $100 million.

Utah
Utah
has hosted professional golf tournaments such as the Uniting Fore Care Classic and currently the Utah Championship .

Rugby has been growing quickly in the state of Utah, growing from 17 teams in 2009 to 70 teams as of 2013 , including with over 3,000 players, and more than 55 high school varsity teams. The growth has been inspired in part by the 2008 movie Forever Strong
Forever Strong
. Utah
Utah
fields two of the most competitive teams in the nation in college rugby – BYU
BYU
and Utah. BYU
BYU
has won the National Championship in 2009, 2012, 2013, 2014, and 2015.

ENTERTAINMENT

See also: List of appearances of Monument Valley in the media

Utah
Utah
is the setting of or the filming location for many books, films, television series, music videos, and video games. A selective list of each appears below.

Books

* Harry Turtledove
Harry Turtledove
's Southern Victory Series , which is set in a North America where the South won the Civil War , mentions Utah several times. The state's Mormon
Mormon
population rebels against the United States in an attempt to create the Nation of Deseret throughout the series, which results in battles in and around Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
, Provo , and other locations. * In Around the World in Eighty Days , the characters pass through Utah
Utah
by train. * The children's series The Great Brain is set in a fictional town that is based on Price . * Edward Abbey 's The Monkey Wrench Gang is set in Southern Utah
Utah
and Northern Arizona
Arizona
. The characters' ultimate goal is the destruction of the Glen Canyon Dam
Glen Canyon Dam
. * Much of Walter M. Miller Jr. 's post-apocalyptic novel A Canticle for Leibowitz is set near or directly within Utah. The "hero" of the first part of the novel, the novice Brother Francis Gerard, is from Utah. * In the second of four books based on the video game Doom much of the story takes place in Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
. * Jack Kerouac
Jack Kerouac
's semi-autobiographical novel On the Road (arguably the most defining work of the post-WWII Beat Generation
Beat Generation
) describes traveling through Utah
Utah
as part of a number of spontaneous road trips taken by the book's main characters. Additionally, the character of Dean Moriarty (like his real life counterpart Neal Cassady ) was born in Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
. While many of the names and details of Kerouac's experiences are changed, the characters and road trips in the novel are based heavily on road trips taken by Kerouac and his friends across mid-20th century America. * Will Hobbs\' 1999 young adult novel, The Maze, takes place in Canyonlands National Park in Southern Utah. * Mark Twain
Mark Twain
's book Roughing It
Roughing It
(describes meeting with Brigham Young.) * In Dean Koontz 's book Dark Rivers of the Heart the two main characters travel through Utah
Utah
while being sought after by a secret government agency. One scene takes place in Cedar City. * The backstory of Arthur Conan Doyle 's first Sherlock Holmes novel, A Study in Scarlet , takes place in Utah.

Film

Monument Valley in southeastern Utah. This area was used to film many Hollywood Westerns
Westerns
. The otherworldly look of the Bonneville Salt Flats has been used in many movies and commercials

See Category:Films shot in Utah
Utah

Utah's Monument Valley has been location to several productions, such as 127 Hours (2010), Tim Burton's Planet of the Apes (2001), and Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid (1969).

Television

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* The Donny & Marie Show and The Osmond Family Show were primarily filmed at the former Osmond Studios in Orem . * In the Doctor Who
Doctor Who
episode "Dalek ", Utah
Utah
was the base of operations for the character Henry van Statten
Henry van Statten
. In the episode "The Impossible Astronaut ," the Doctor mysteriously summons his former companions Amy Pond and Rory Williams to Monument Valley. * In Blood & Oil
Blood & Oil
, a young couple move to the fictional oil boomtown, Rock Springs, ND. The entire series is filmed in and around Park City . * In Prison Break , D. B. Cooper buried his money under a silo in the Utah
Utah
desert somewhere near Tooele
Tooele
. Much of the first half of the second season involves the characters attempting to reach Utah
Utah
and recovering the money. * In The Visitor , the main character's spaceship was shot down and crash-landed in the mountains east of Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
. * Everwood was filmed in Park City , Ogden , and South Salt Lake . * Regular production for Touched by an Angel was based in Salt Lake City , but it was filmed in many Utah
Utah
locations, including some scenes in Ogden . * The CBS
CBS
series Promised Land was filmed in a closed set in Salt Lake City . * Big Love
Big Love
, an HBO
HBO
television drama about a polygamous family, was set in Sandy . * In an episode of The Simpsons
The Simpsons
, Bart and his girlfriend drive to Utah
Utah
to get married because of the state's marriage laws. In another episode, the Simpsons attend the Sundance Film Festival
Sundance Film Festival
in Park City . * In an episode of the Nickelodeon
Nickelodeon
sitcom Drake & Josh , after accidentally killing his sister Megan's rare Cuban hamster, Josh Peck 's character packs to move to Utah
Utah
because "Nothing bad ever happens in Utah." * "The Stand ", a 1994 TV mini-series, was filmed at multiple locations in Weber , Salt Lake and Tooele
Tooele
counties. The scene where the deaf character (Nick) meets the slow-witted character (Tom Cullen) was filmed on Historic 25th Street in Ogden . * Hannah Montana
Montana
& Miley Cyrus: Best of Both Worlds Concert was filmed in Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
at EnergySolutions Arena on October 26 and 27, 2007. * Top Gear Series 12 , episode 2 features hosts Jeremy Clarkson
Jeremy Clarkson
, Richard Hammond , and James May driving to Utah's Bonneville Salt Flats in a Chevrolet Corvette ZR-1 , a Dodge Challenger SRT-8 , and a Cadillac CTS-V . * In the Futurama
Futurama
episode " Mars University ", the Professor mentions Utah
Utah
while describing the colonization of Mars
Mars
: "In those days Mars was a dreary, uninhabitable wasteland, much like Utah. But unlike Utah, Mars
Mars
was eventually made liveable..." * The TLC reality series Sister Wives , which made its debut in 2010, documents the life of a polygamous family in Lehi . * In 2011 an episode of Travel Channel
Travel Channel
's television series Ghost Adventures was aired that took place at the Tooele
Tooele
Hospital. * An episode of The Aquabats Super Show was filmed in Lagoon Amusement Park in Farmington . * An episode of " I Love Jenni " was filmed in Utah
Utah
for the Sundance Film Festival
Festival
in Park City .

Music Videos

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* Jon Bon Jovi
Jon Bon Jovi
– "Blaze of Glory " was shot in or around Moab . * Metallica
Metallica
– " King Nothing " and parts of " I Disappear " were filmed in Monument Valley . * The Killers – "Human " was shot in Goblin Valley . * The Offspring
The Offspring
– "Gotta Get Away " was filmed at the Fairgrounds Coliseum. * Tiffany – "I Think We\'re Alone Now " was filmed at the Ogden Mall. * Chelsea Grin – "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" was filmed in the Bonneville Salt Flats . * Demi Lovato
Demi Lovato
– "Skyscraper " was filmed in the Bonneville Salt Flats . * Paramore
Paramore
– " Daydreaming " beginning scenes were filmed in Spanish Fork and Benjamin, Utah
Utah
County. * Imagine Dragons – "On Top of the World " was mostly filmed inside the BYU
BYU
Broadcasting Building in Provo, UT . * Katy Perry
Katy Perry
– "Rise " was mostly filmed in Snow Canyon, Utah .

Video Games

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* Splinter Cell: Conviction 's Insurgency Pack features a level that takes place at a fictional experimental pharmaceutical company in Salt Lake City . * Resistance 2 features a level in Bryce Canyon . * Amped 3
Amped 3
features a level at the Snowbird Ski Resort . * Downhill Domination
Downhill Domination
has six bike racing courses in Moab and Salt Lake City . * Shaun White Snowboarding features Park City Mountain Resort . * Command border:solid #aaa 1px">

* Utah
Utah
portal * LDS Church portal * History of the Latter Day Saint movement portal

* Outline of Utah – organized list of topics about Utah * Index of Utah-related articles

REFERENCES

This article incorporates public domain material from the website of the Division of Utah State Parks and Recreation.

* ^ "Utah", Merriam-Webster.com (Online Dictionary ed.), Merriam-Webster
Merriam-Webster
, archived from the original on November 4, 2014 * ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau
U.S. Census Bureau
. June 22, 2017. Retrieved June 22, 2017. * ^ "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved December 9, 2016. * ^ "Kings Peak Target". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey . Retrieved October 24, 2011. * ^ A B "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey . 2001. Archived from the original on November 9, 2013. Retrieved October 24, 2011. * ^ A B Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988 . * ^ Arave, Lynn (August 31, 2006). "Utah\'s basement—Beaver Dam Wash is state\'s lowest elevation". Deseret Morning News. Archived from the original on January 22, 2015. * ^ "Introduction: Urban Growth in Utah", QGET Databook, Quality Growth Efficiency Tools (QGET) Technical Committee, Governor's Office of Management & Budget, State of Utah, 1997, archived from the original on November 4, 2014, retrieved November 4, 2014 ; see also: "Figures: Population Growth, 1940–2020 (slide 3)", QGET Databook, 1997, archived from the original on November 4, 2014 * ^ A B C Canham, Matt (April 17, 2012). "Census: Share of Utah\'s Mormon
Mormon
residents holds steady". The Salt Lake Tribune . Archived from the original on November 4, 2014. * ^ U.S. Religious Landscape Survey 2008, the Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life, pp 99–100. Retrieved July 2, 2008. * ^ " Utah
Utah
Membership". Newsroom. LDS Church. January 17, 2008. Retrieved January 17, 2013. * ^ "American Religious Identification Survey (2001)". ISSSC . Retrieved October 31, 2011. * ^ The Fastest-Growing States in America (and Why They\'re Booming) – Jordan Weissmann. The Atlantic (December 22, 2012). Retrieved on July 12, 2013. * ^ "Appendix E. – Ranking Tables" (PDF). State and Metropolitan Area Data Book: 2006. U.S. Census Bureau. December 22, 2008. Retrieved April 29, 2009. * ^ " Utah
Utah
Poised to Be the Best U.S. State to Live In". Gallup. August 7, 2012. Retrieved August 8, 2012. * ^ Utah
Utah
Quick Facts at Utah.gov * ^ Givón, T. (2011). Ute Reference Grammar. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Co. * ^ Utah
Utah
Quick Facts at Utah.gov * ^ Carvajal, Guillermo. "El desconocido origen español del nombre de ocho Estados de Norteamérica". ABC.es. * ^ "Native Americans in Utah". historytogo.utah.gov. Retrieved 2017-07-09. * ^ "Utah\'s American Indians". ilovehistory.utah.gov. Retrieved 2017-07-09. * ^ Leonard J. Arrington and Davis Bitton : The Mormon
Mormon
Experience, page 22. Vintage/Random House, 1979. * ^ Richard N. Ostling and Joan K. Ostling: Mormon
Mormon
America, page 38–39. Harper Collins, 2000. * ^ William W. Slaughter and Michael Landon: Trail of Hope – The Story of the Mormon
Mormon
Trail. Shadow Mountain , 1997. * ^ Arrington and Bitton, p. 118 * ^ William Clayton , edited by George D. Smith: An Intimate Chronicle: The Journals of William Clayton, p. 300. Signature Books , 1991. * ^ Corporation of the President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints: "Church History in the Fullness of Times." 1989. * ^ Michael S. Durham: Desert between the Mountains, pages 162,163. University of Oklahoma
Oklahoma
Press, 1997. * ^ Ravitz, Jessica (September 11, 2007). "LDS Church Apologizes for Mountain Meadows Massacre". The Salt Lake Tribune. Archived from the original on November 4, 2014. * ^ "Ceremony at "Wedding of the Rails," May 10, 1869 at Promontory Point, Utah". World Digital Library . May 10, 1869. Retrieved July 20, 2013. * ^ "Rock Climbing Monument Valley in Northern Arizona". Mountain Project. Retrieved November 7, 2015. * ^ SKI Magazine\'s Top 30 Resorts for 2008–09 Archived February 10, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
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FURTHER READING

* Peterson, Charles S. and Brian Q. Cannon. The Awkward State of Utah: Coming of Age in the Nation, 1896–1945. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 2015. ISBN 978-1-60781-421-4

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