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The Info List - Urodidae


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Urodidae or "false burnet moths" is a family of insects in the lepidopteran order, representing its own superfamily, Urodoidea, with three genera, one of which, Wockia, occurs in Europe.

Contents

1 Taxonomy and systematics 2 Morphology and identification 3 Distribution 4 Biology and host plants 5 References 6 Sources 7 Provisional list of species (based on Lepindex) 8 External links

Taxonomy and systematics[edit] Urodidae were previously included in the superfamily Yponomeutoidea (Kyrki, 1984, 1988) and have also been lumped with Galacticidae (Heppner, 1991, 1997) or with other Sesioidea (Heppner, 1998). They belong to the lower part of the lepidopteran clade "Apoditrysia"[1] (Dugdale et al., 1999) (i.e. not "Obtectomera"[2]), but their closest relatives are as yet unknown and it is hoped that DNA sequencing can help resolve this question [3]. Morphology and identification[edit] Urodidae resemble some Zygaenidae: Procridinae at rest.[4][dead link] These small to medium-sized moths measure 11 to 37 mm in wingspan and often have a greyish or mottled forewing background colour. The male adult has a "hairpencil" on the costa of the hindwing. In the caterpillar, the placement of the setae and structure of the prolegs is diagnostic, and the pupal segments I-II are fixed. On the head, there are no ocelli or "chaetosemata" and the proboscis even at the base is unscaled. An "epiphysis" is present on the foreleg (Dugdale et al. (1999), and for more details). Distribution[edit] The genera Urodus and Spiladarcha occur in the Neotropics whilst Wockia asperipunctella occurs in Europe and has recently been found in northern North America (Heppner, 1997; Landry, 1998) and unless this is a recent invasion the species would be a good example of a Holarctic distribution pattern. Biology and host plants[edit]

Pupa of an Urodidae species

The biology is poorly known, but the larvae can be found on various tree species including some fruit trees. The "bumelia webworm moth" (Urodus parvula) is recorded on Lauraceae: (avocado=Persea), Fagaceae (Quercus), Sapotaceae (Sideroxylon) and Erythroxylaceae: Erythroxylum. Urodus parvula has also been reared on Rutaceae (Citrus) and Malvaceae (Hibiscus)[5]. W. asperipunctella has in North America been reared from quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides) (Landry, 1998) and also Salix in Europe. The pupa is contained in an open-mesh cocoon, which can be bright orange in colour, which is sometimes suspended on a very long thread below a leaf. References[edit]

Heppner, J. (1991). Faunal regions and the diversity of Lepidoptera. Tropical Lepidoptera, '2 (Suppl. 1): 1-85. Heppner, J. (1997). Wockia asperipunctella in North America (Lepidoptera: Urodidae: Galacticinae). Holarctic Lepidoptera, 4(2) Heppner, J. (1998). Classification of Lepidoptera. Part 1. Introduction. Holarctic Lepidoptera, '5 (Suppl. 1): 1-148. Kyrki, J. (1983). Adult abdominal sternum II in ditrysian tineoid superfamilies - morphology and phylogenetic significance (Lepidoptera). Annales Entomologia Fennica, 49: 89-9 Kyrki, J. (1988). The systematic position of Wockia Heinemann, 1870 and related genera (Lepidoptera: Ditrysia: Yponomeutidae auct.). Nota lepidopterologica, 11: 45-69. Landry, J.-F. (1998). Additional Nearctic records of Wockia aspericpunctella, with notes on its distribution and structural variation (Lepidoptera: Urodidae). Holarctic Lepidoptera, 5(3): 9-13.

Sources[edit]

Firefly Encyclopedia of Insects and Spiders, edited by Christopher O'Toole, ISBN 1-55297-612-2, 2002. [Vernacular name] The systematic position of Wockia Heinemann, 1870, and related genera (Lepidoptera: Ditrysia: Yponomeutidae auct.). Nota lepidopterologica, 11(1): 53.[6]

Provisional list of species (based on Lepindex)[edit]

Geoesthia ceylonica Sohn, 2014 [Type locality Sri Lanka] Spiladarcha capnodes (Walsingham, 1914) (originally in Anchimacheta) [Type locality Mexico] Card Spiladarcha derelicta Meyrick, 1913 [Type locality British Guiana] Card Spiladarcha iodes (Walsingham, 1914) (originally in Anchimacheta) [Type locality Mexico] Card Spiladarcha tolmetes (Walsingham, 1914) (originally in Anchimacheta) [Type locality Mexico] Card Urodus amphilocha Meyrick, 1923 Urodus aphanoptis Meyrick, 1930 Urodus aphrogama Meyrick, 1936 Urodus auchmera Walsingham, 1914 Urodus brachyanches Meyrick, 1931 Urodus calligera Zeller, 1877 (originally in ?) Urodus carabopa Meyrick, 1925 Urodus chiquita Busck, 1910 (originally in ?) Urodus chrysoconis Meyrick, 1932 Urodus costaricae Busck, 1910 (originally in ?) Urodus cumulata Walsingham, 1914 Urodus cyanombra Meyrick, 1913 (originally in ?) Urodus cyclopica Meyrick, 1930 Urodus decens Meyrick, 1925 Urodus distincta Strand, 1911 (originally in ?) Urodus favigera Meyrick, 1913 (originally in ?) Urodus fonteboae Strand, 1911 (originally in ?) Urodus forficulella (Walsingham, 1897) (originally in Paratiquadra) Urodus fulminalis Meyrick, 1931 Urodus fumosa (Zeller, 1863) (originally in Trichostibas) Urodus hephaestiella (Zeller, 1877) (originally in ?) Urodus hexacentris Meyrick, 1931 Urodus imitans Felder, 1875 (originally in ?) Urodus imitata Druce, 1884 Urodus iophlebia Zeller, 1877 (originally in ?) Urodus isoxesta Meyrick, 1932 Urodus isthmiella Busck, 1910 (originally in ?) ?Urodus lissopeda (Meyrick, 1932) (originally in Pygmocrates) [Type locality Brazil] Card Urodus lithophaea Meyrick, 1913 (originally in ?) Urodus marantica Walsingham, 1914 Urodus merida Strand, 1911 (originally in ?) Urodus mirella (Möschler, 1890) (originally in Pexicnemidia) Urodus modesta Druce, 1884 Urodus niphatma Meyrick, 1925 Urodus opticosema Meyrick, 1930 Urodus ovata Zeller, 1877 (originally in ?) Urodus pallidicostella Walsingham, 1897 Urodus pamporphyra Meyrick, 1936 Urodus parvula Edwards, 1881 (originally in ?)[7] Urodus perischias Meyrick, 1925 Urodus porphyrina Meyrick, 1932 Urodus praetextata Meyrick, 1913 (originally in ?) Urodus procridias Meyrick, 1936 Urodus pulvinata Meyrick, 1923 Urodus sanctipaulensis Strand, 1911 (originally in ?) Urodus scythrochalca Meyrick, 1932 Urodus sordidata Zeller, 1877 (originally in ?) Urodus spumescens Meyrick, 1925 Urodus staphylina Meyrick, 1932 Urodus subcaerulea Dognin, 1910 Urodus sympiestis Meyrick, 1925 Urodus tineiformis (Walker, 1856) (originally in Aperla) Urodus transverseguttata Zeller, 1877 (originally in ?) Urodus triancycla Meyrick, 1931 Urodus venatella Busck, 1910 (originally in ?) [Type locality Brasilien] Card Urodus xiphura Meyrick, 1931 Wockia asperipunctella Bruand, 1850 (originally in Anacampsis)[8][9]

=Patula asperipunctella Bruand, 1850 [Type locality France] Card =Wockia funebrella Heinemann, 1870 Card

External links[edit]

Tree of Life NHM Hosts Database Fauna Europaea Experts Wockia asperipunctella from Lepidoptera of Finland Moth Photographer's Group[dead link] Urodus parvula Urodus parvula voucher Barcoding progress Nuclear gene sequencing progress Wikispecies

v t e

Arthropoda - Insecta - Superfamilies of Lepidoptera

Butterflies

Hedyloidea Hesperioidea Papilionoidea

Larger Moths

Bombycoidea Calliduloidea Cimelioidea Drepanoidea Geometroidea Immoidea Lasiocampoidea Mimallonoidea Noctuoidea Sphingoidea

Microlepidoptera

Monotrysia Andesianoidea Nepticuloidea Incurvarioidea Tischerioidea Palaephatoidea

Ditrysian micros Acanthopteroctetoidea Alucitoidea Choreutoidea Copromorphoidea Cossoidea Epermenioidea Galacticoidea Gelechioidea Gracillarioidea Hyblaeoidea Incurvarioidea Pterophoroidea Pyraloidea Schreckensteinioidea Sesioidea Simaethistoidea Thyridoidea Tineoidea Tortricoidea Urodoidea Whalleyanoidea Yponomeutoidea Zygaenoidea

Basal lineages Micropterigoidea Agathiphagoidea Eriocranioidea Hepialoidea Heterobathmioidea Lophocoronoidea Mnesarchaeoidea Neopseustoidea

v t e

Extant Lepidoptera families

Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Arthropoda Class: Insecta Subclass: Pterygota Infraclass: Neoptera Superorder: Endopterygota

Suborder Zeugloptera

Micropterigoidea

Micropterigidae (mandibulate archaic moths)

Suborder Aglossata

Agathiphagoidea

Agathiphagidae (kauri moths)

Suborder Heterobathmiina

Heterobathmioidea

Heterobathmiidae

Suborder Glossata

Dacnonypha

Eriocranioidea

Eriocraniidae

Acanthoctesia

Acanthopteroctetoidea

Acanthopteroctetidae (archaic sun moths)

Lophocoronina

Lophocoronoidea

Lophocoronidae

Neopseustina

Neopseustoidea

Neopseustidae (archaic bell moths)

Exoporia

Hepialoidea

Anomosetidae Hepialidae (swift moths, ghost moths) Neotheoridae (Amazonian primitive ghost moths) Palaeosetidae (miniature ghost moths) Prototheoridae (African primitive ghost moths)

Mnesarchaeoidea

Mnesarchaeidae (New Zealand primitive moths)

H e t e r o n e u r a

M o n o t r y s i a

Incurvarioidea

Adelidae (fairy longhorn moths) Cecidosidae Crinopterygidae Heliozelidae Incurvariidae Prodoxidae (yucca moths)

Andesianoidea

Andesianidae (Andean endemic moths)

Nepticuloidea

Nepticulidae (pigmy, or midget moths) Opostegidae (white eyecap moths)

Palaephatoidea

Palaephatidae (Gondwanaland moths)

Tischerioidea

Tischeriidae (trumpet leaf miner moths)

D i t r y s i a

Simaethistoidea

Simaethistidae

Tineoidea

Acrolophidae (burrowing webworm moths) Arrhenophanidae Eriocottidae (Old World spiny-winged moths) Lypusidae Psychidae (bagworm moths) Tineidae (fungus moths)

Gracillarioidea

Bucculatricidae (ribbed cocoon makers) Douglasiidae (Douglas moths) Gracillariidae Roeslerstammiidae

Yponomeutoidea

Acrolepiidae (false diamondback moths) Bedelliidae Glyphipterigidae (sedge moths) Heliodinidae Lyonetiidae Plutellidae Yponomeutidae (ermine moths) Ypsolophidae

Gelechioidea

Autostichidae Batrachedridae Blastobasidae Coleophoridae (case-bearers, case moths) Cosmopterigidae (cosmet moths) Elachistidae (grass-miner moths) Gelechiidae (twirler moths) Lecithoceridae (long-horned moths) Metachandidae Momphidae (mompha moths) Oecophoridae (concealer moths) Pterolonchidae Scythrididae (flower moths) Xyloryctidae (timber moths)

Galacticoidea

Galacticidae

Zygaenoidea

Heterogynidae Zygaenidae (burnet, forester, or smoky moths) Himantopteridae Lacturidae Somabrachyidae Megalopygidae (flannel moths) Aididae Anomoeotidae Cyclotornidae Epipyropidae (planthopper parasite moths) Dalceridae (slug caterpillars) Limacodidae (slug, or cup moths)

Cossoidea

Cossidae (carpenter millers, or goat moths) Dudgeoneidae (dudgeon carpenter moths)

Sesioidea

Brachodidae (little bear moths) Castniidae (castniid moths: giant butterfly-moths, sun moths) Sesiidae (clearwing moths)

Choreutoidea

Choreutidae (metalmark moths)

Tortricoidea

Tortricidae (tortrix moths)

Urodoidea

Urodidae (false burnet moths)

Schreckensteinioidea

Schreckensteiniidae (bristle-legged moths)

Epermenioidea

Epermeniidae (fringe-tufted moths)

Alucitoidea

Alucitidae (many-plumed moths) Tineodidae (false plume moths)

Pterophoroidea

Pterophoridae (plume moths)

Whalleyanoidea

Whalleyanidae

Immoidea

Immidae

Copromorphoidea

Copromorphidae (tropical fruitworm moths) Carposinidae (fruitworm moths)

Hyblaeoidea

Hyblaeidae (teak moths)

Pyraloidea

Pyralidae (snout moths) Crambidae (grass moth)

Thyridoidea

Thyrididae (picture-winged leaf moths)

Mimallonoidea

Mimallonidae (sack bearer moths)

Lasiocampoidea

Lasiocampidae (eggars, snout moths, or lappet moths)

Bombycoidea

Anthelidae (Australian lappet moth) Bombycidae (silk moths) Brahmaeidae (Brahmin moths) Carthaeidae (Dryandra moth) Endromidae (Kentish glory and relatives) Eupterotidae Lemoniidae Saturniidae (saturniids) Sphingidae (hawk moths, sphinx moths and hornworms) Phiditiidae

Noctuoidea

Doidae Erebidae (underwing, tiger, tussock, litter, snout, owlet moths) Euteliidae Noctuidae (daggers, sallows, owlet moths, quakers, cutworms, darts) Nolidae (tuft moths) Notodontidae (prominents, kittens) Oenosandridae

Drepanoidea

Epicopeiidae (oriental swallowtail moths) Drepanidae (hook-tips)

Geometroidea

Sematuridae Uraniidae Geometridae (geometer moths)

Cimelioidea

Cimeliidae (gold moths)

Calliduloidea

Callidulidae (Old World butterfly-moths)

Superfamily unassigned

Millieriidae

Rhopalocera (butterflies)

Hedyloidea

Hedylidae (American moth-butterflies)

Hesperioidea

Hesperiidae (skippers)

Papilionoidea (true butterflies)

Lycaenidae (gossamer-winged butterflies: blues, coppers and relatives) Nymphalidae (brush-footed, or four-footed butterflies) Papilionidae (swallowtail butterflies) Pieridae (whites, yellows, orangetips, sulphurs) Riodinidae (metalmarks)

Note: division Monotrysia is not a clade.

Taxonomy of the Lepidoptera Lists by region

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q530151 BugGuide: 23402 EoL: 917 Fauna Europaea: 5291 GBIF: 8873 ITIS: 6

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