A district is a type of administrative division that, in some
countries, is managed by local government. Across the world, areas
known as "districts" vary greatly in size, spanning entire place such
as “Genevilnao” (a town in south Italy)regions or counties,
several municipalities, subdivisions of municipalities, school
district, or political district.
1 By country
1.8 Bosnia and Herzegovina
1.8.1 Brčko District
1.11.2 British Columbia
1.11.3 New Brunswick
1.11.5 Northwest Territories
1.12 People's Republic of China
1.13 Republic of China
1.15 Czech Republic
1.18 Hong Kong
District revenue administration in A.P.
1.20.2 Panchayati Raj
1.26 South Korea
1.31 New Zealand
1.32 Northern Cyprus
1.36.3 Special-purpose districts
1.36.4 Informal districts
1.42 South Africa
1.43 Sri Lanka
1.49 United Kingdom
1.49.4 Northern Ireland
1.51 United States
2 See also
Main article: Districts of Afghanistan
In Afghanistan, a district (Persian / Pashto: ولسوالۍ
Wuleswali) is a subdivision of a province. There are almost 400
districts in the country.
State Electoral Districts
State Electoral Districts and
Cadastral divisions of
Electoral districts are used in state elections. Districts were also
used in several states as cadastral units for land titles. Some were
used as squatting districts. New South
Wales had several different
types of districts used in the 21st century.
Main article: Districts of Austria
In Austria, a district (Bezirk) is an administrative division normally
encompassing several municipalities, roughly equivalent to the
Landkreis in Germany. The administrative office of a district, the
Bezirkshauptmannschaft, is headed by a Bezirkshauptmann. It is in
charge of the administration of all matters of federal and state
administrative law and subject to orders from the higher instances,
Landeshauptmann (governor) in matters of federal law and
the Landesregierung (state government) in state law. While there are
matters of administrative law the municipalities themselves are in
charge of, or where there are special bodies, the district is the
basic unit of general administration in Austria. Officials on the
district level are not elected, but appointed by the state government.
There are also independent cities in Austria. They are called
Statutarstadt in Austrian administrative law. These urban districts do
have the same tasks as a normal district.
Main article: Districts of Vienna
The State of Vienna, which is at the same time a municipality, is also
subdivided in twenty-three districts, which, however, have a somewhat
different function than in the rest of the country. Legally, the
Magistratisches Bezirksamt (district office) is a local office of the
municipality's administration. However, representatives (Bezirksräte)
on the district level are elected, and they in turn elect the head of
the district, the Bezirksvorsteher. Those representative bodies are
supposed to serve as immediate contacts for the locals on the
political and administrative level. In practice, they have some power,
e.g. concerning matters of traffic.
Main article: Subdivisions of Azerbaijan
Bangladeshi districts are local administrative units. In all, there
are 64 districts in Bangladesh. Originally, there were 21 greater
districts with several subdivisions in each district. In 1984, the
government made all these subdivisions into districts. Each district
has several sub districts called
Upazila in Bengali.
Main article: Districts of Antwerp
In Belgian municipalities with more than 100,000 inhabitants, on
initiative of the local council, sub-municipal administrative entities
with elected councils may be created. As such, only Antwerp, having
over 460,000 inhabitants, became subdivided into nine districts
The Belgian arrondissements (also in French as well as in Dutch), an
administrative level between province (or the capital region) and
municipality, or the lowest judicial level, are in English sometimes
called districts as well.
Bhutanese districts (dzongkhag) are local administrative units
consisting of village blocks called gewog. Some have subdistricts
Bosnia and Herzegovina
In Bosnia and Herzegovina, a district is a self-governing
Brčko District in northeastern
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina is formally
part of both the
Republika Srpska and the Federation of Bosnia and
Herzegovina. The Assembly of the
Brčko District has 29 seats.
Brazilian municipalities are subdivided into districts. Small
municipalities usually have only one urban district, which contains
the city itself, consisting of the seat of the local government, where
the municipality's prefeitura and câmara de vereadores (
City Hall and
City Council, respectively, the Executive and
bodies) are located. The rural districts and groups of urban districts
(mainly in large cities) may also present a sub local Executive body,
Main article: Districts of Brunei
A district is known locally as daerah and it is the first-level
administrative division of Brunei. There are four districts in the
country, namely Brunei-Muara, Tutong, Belait and Temburong. Each
district is administered by a Jabatan
District Office), which
is headed by a Pegawai
District Officer). All district offices
are government departments under the Ministry of Home Affairs (Malay:
Kementerian Hal Ehwal Dalam Negeri).
In Alberta, the municipal districts and improvement districts are
types of rural municipalities. They are recognized as census
subdivisions by Statistics Canada, which form parts of census
In the province of British Columbia, there are several kinds of
administrative districts by that name. The usual usage is a reference
to district municipalities, which are a class of municipality in the
same hierarchy as city, town, or village. Most are styled, e.g.,
District of Mission" or "
District of Wells", though some are styled,
e.g., "Corporation of Delta" or "
Township of Langley".
Within the area of municipal powers, regional districts – which are
somewhat analogous to counties in other jurisdictions, a number of
municipalities, and unincorporated areas – are always referred to as
"regional districts" to distinguish them from district municipalities
and other kinds of district.
Other kinds of districts in
British Columbia are:
Electoral districts (some early ridings, as electoral districts are
commonly known, included "district" in their title, e.g. New
Forest districts, which are a set of administrative regions of the
British Columbia Ministry of Forests
Land districts, which are the underlying cadastral survey system for
the province and are the primary locational reference used in
government databases and references. The primary use of "district" in
combinations such as the Lillooet
District or New Westminster District
was a reference to the land district, though sometimes to mining
School districts, also often referred to simply as "districts", when
Other types of regional subdivision, according to the ministry or
agency, are generally styled "region" or "area". These include such as
Ministry of Environment regions, health regions and regional
management planning areas such as the Muskwa-Kechika Management
New Brunswick has numerous local service districts, 7 school
districts, 10 federal electoral districts and 55 provincial electoral
In Ontario, a district is a statutory subdivision of the province,
but, unlike a county, a district is not incorporated. Most districts
are composed of unincorporated lands, mostly Crown land. Originally
Ontario (then part of the
Province of Quebec
Province of Quebec and
after 1791, Upper Canada) was divided into districts in 1788 .
Districts continued to operation until 1849 when they were replaced by
counties by the
Province of Canada.
Ontario districts such as Algoma and Nipissing were first
created by the
Canada in 1858 prior to
the delivery of judicial and provincial government services to
sparsely populated areas from the district seat (e.g. Sault Ste.
Marie). Some districts may have
District Social Service Administration
Boards, which are designed to provide certain social services. The
boundaries of a federal census division may correspond to those of a
In western and northern Canada, the federal government created
districts as subdivisions of the
Northwest Territories 1870–1905,
partly on the model of the districts created in the
Canada. The first district created was the
District of Keewatin
District of Keewatin in 1876 followed by four more districts in 1882.
Gradually, these districts became separate territories (such as
Yukon), separate provinces (such as
Alberta and Saskatchewan) or were
absorbed into other provinces.
In Quebec, districts are municipal electoral subdivisions of boroughs,
which are subdivisions of cities. They function in a similar manner to
what is elsewhere known as a ward.
People's Republic of China
In China, the district or qū (市辖区, pinyin: shì xiá qū) is a
subdivision of any of various city administrative units, including
municipalities, sub-provincial cities and prefecture-level cities.
Districts have county level status.
Modern districts are a recent innovation. In the context of pre-modern
China, the English translation "district" is typically associated with
xian, another Chinese administrative division. The xian is translated
as "county" in the context of modern China.
Republic of China
In the Republic of China, district (Chinese: 區; pinyin: Qū) is the
3rd level of the administrative division. It is a division of special
municipality and provincial city of Taiwan Province. Currently, there
are 157 districts in total from 5 special municipalities and 3
In Colombia, a district is one of ten special administrative units:
Special Industrial Port District)
Cartagena Tourism and Cultural District
Bogotá (Capital District)
Santa Marta (Historical, Tourism and Cultural District)
Tunja (Historical and Cultural District)
Popayán (Special, Ecotouristic, Historical and Universitarian
Special Port District)
Special Industrial, Port, Biodiverse and Ecotouristic
Special Border and Touristic District)
Special Industrial, Port, Biodiverse and Ecotouristic
A "district" in the
Czech Republic is an okres (plural okresy). After
a reform in 2002, the districts lost administrative power to regions
(kraje) and selected towns (pověřené obce) and became statistical
French districts were the first subdivision of the départements from
the 4 March 1790 to the 28 pluviôse an VIII (17 February 1800). Then,
in the 20th century, districts were a type of intercommunity, they've
been replaced by communauté de communes and communautés
d'agglomération after 1999.
Main article: Districts of Germany
In Germany, a district ("Kreis") is an administrative unit between the
"Länder" (German federal states) and the local / municipal levels
(Gemeinden). As of 2011, most of the 402 German districts are
"Landkreise", rural districts. 107 larger cities (usually with more
than 100,000 inhabitants) that do not belong to a district are
considered as urban districts ("Kreisfreie Städte" or "Stadtkreise").
A local subdistrict is called a Gemarkung, a term most often used for
smaller rural areas (with similar concepts in
Gemarkung is usually associated with and named after a
central town or village. Areas in such subdistricts and their usage
are documented in central registries (German: Kataster) and have been
historically used for taxation.
In some states, there is additional level of administration between
the Länder and the Landkreise called
District (Bezirk) was also an administrative subdivision of the German
Democratic Republic from 1952. See
Administrative division of the
German Democratic Republic
City district (Stadtbezirk) is the primary subdivision category of
many Kreisfreie Städte.
Main article: Districts of Hong Kong
Hong Kong is divided into eighteen districts, each with a district
175 districts were established on January 1, 2013. The existing 19
counties are subdivided into 6 - 18 districts per county. The capital
city of Budapest does not belong to any counties and is already
divided to 23 districts.
Districts of India
Main article: Districts of India
See also: Subdivisions of India
India's districts (Assamese: জিলা; Bengali (জেলা);
Gujarati (જિલ્લો); Hindi: (ज़िला) [zɪla] or
(जनपद) [dʒənpəd̪]; Kannada: ಜಿಲ್ಲೆ (jille);
Malayalam: ജില്ല(jilla); Punjabi: ਜ਼ਿਲ੍ਹਾ;
mavattam Tamil: மாவட்டம்;Telugu: జిల్లా;)
are local administrative units inherited from the British Raj. They
generally form the tier of local government immediately below that of
India's subnational states and territories. Where warranted, districts
may further be grouped into administrative divisions, which form an
intermediate level between the district and the subnational state (or
A district is headed by a Deputy Commissioner/ Collector, who is
responsible for the overall administration and the maintenance of law
and order. The district collector may belong to IAS (Indian
Administrative Service). Other key responsibilities include the
collection of revenue, and criminal prosecution in the district and
sessional courts. Usually, the Deputy Commissioner/
is granted magisterial powers under section 20 of Criminal Procedure
Code, and designated as the
District Magistrate. The official
designations are "Collector and
District Magistrate" or "Deputy
Districts are most frequently further sub-divided into smaller
administrative units, called either tehsils or talukas or mavattams,
depending on the region. These units have specific local
responsibilities, including in particular coordinating revenue
collection. An intermediate level (the sub-division) between district
and tehsil/taluka may be formed by grouping these units under the
oversight of Assistant Commissioners or sub-collectors. Each district
includes one or two cities (or large towns), a few smaller towns and
dozens of villages. Most of the Indian districts have the same name as
their main town or city.
A district in South India
As of April 2016, the
National Informatics Centre
National Informatics Centre of the Government of
India, lists a total of 664 districts in India, more than the number
of parliamentary constituencies (545).
District revenue administration in A.P.
District headed by collector
A district is composed of four or five revenue divisions administered
by R.D.O./sub collector,
Revenue Divisions divided into taluks/mandals headed by tahsildars,
Mandals composed of a ten or more villages administered by village
revenue officers and village servants.
In Uttar Pradesh Districts and tahsils are defined in U.P. Land
Revenue Act, 1901.
Tiers of administration
Grama panchayath: sarpanch
Village clusters: M.P.T.C.
District: Z.P. Chairperson.
Main article: Districts of Indonesia
In Papua and West Papua, two of the 34 provinces of Indonesia, a
distrik is a subdivision of a regency or a city. Formerly it was
called a kecamatan, which translates into English as subdistrict.
However, even though both terms refer to the same hierarchical level,
the translation is ambiguous. In many newer translations of official
documents kecamatan itself is translated into English as "district",
while some others still translate it to "subdistrict". Distrik or
kecamatan do not have legal autonomy to govern themselves, because
they are only administrative extensions of a regency or a city.
Main articles: Provinces of
Iran and Counties of Iran
Iran is subdivided into thirty one provinces (Persian: استان
Ostān), each governed from a local center, usually the largest local
city, which is called the capital (Persian: Markaz) of that province.
The provinces of
Iran further subdivided into counties called
shahrestan (Persian: شهرستان shahrestān), an area inside an
ostan, and consists of a city center, few bakhsh (Persian: بخش
bakhsh) and many villages around them. There are usually a few cities
(Persian: شهر shahr) and rural agglomerations (Persian:
دهستان dehestān) in each county. Rural agglomerations are a
collection of a number of villages. One of the cities of the county is
appointed as the capital of the county. The world Shahrestan comes
from the Persian words shahr and ostan, which mean city (or town) and
province, respectively. The nearest equivalent of Shahrestan in
English would be sub-province or county. Each Shahrestan has a
governmental office known as Farmandari which coordinates different
events and governmental offices. The Farmandar, or the head of
Farmandari, is the governor of the Shahrestan which is the highest
governmental authority in the division.
Main article: Districts of Iraq
In Iraq, they use the word qadaa for districts. There are over a
hundred districts, each district being within one of 18 Iraqi
governorates, sometimes known as provinces. The district generally
(but not always) bears the name of a city within that district,
usually the capital of that district.
A district (gun in Japanese) is a local administrative unit comprising
towns and villages but not cities. See districts of
Japan for more
complete description. In 1923, its administrative role was abolished
although it is still in use for addressing purposes. "District" is
also a translation of chiku, defined by Japan's planning law.[citation
In Kenya, a district (wilayah) is a subdivision of a
Province and is
headed by a
District Officer (DO).
Main article: Subdivisions of South Korea
A district (gu) is a subdivision of larger cities in South Korea.
Smaller cities have no districts, whereas districts in
Seoul and six
Metropolitan Cities are treated as a city in its own right.
Main article: Districts of Mauritius
The Districts of the Republic of
Mauritius are the second-order
administrative divisions after the Outer islands of the country.
Mauritius is divided into nine districts which consist of 2 cities, 4
towns and 130 villages, the capital is Port Louis.
The island of
Rodrigues used to be the tenth district of
it gained autonomous status in 2002.
Main article: Districts of Malaysia
A district is known as
Daerah in Malay. A district governed directly
by the federal government is known as a Federal Territory, and they
are Kuala Lumpur, Putrajaya, and Labuan.
In Peninsular Malaysia, a district is a division of a state. A mukim
is a subdivision of a district. The mukim is however of less
importance with respect to the administration of local government.
In East Malaysia, a district is a subdivision within a division of a
state. For example,
Tuaran is a district within the West Coast
Division of Sabah. A district is usually named after the main town or
its administrative capital, for example,
Sandakan town is the capital
of the district of Sandakan, as well the capital of
Sandakan district is a sub-division of
In Malaysia, each district will have a
District Office, headed by a
district officer, and is administered by a local government either
District Council, Municipal Council, or a
City Council. In
some highly urbanized districts, there may be further subdivisions.
For example, the district of
Selangor is administered by 3
local governments: Shah Alam
and Subang Jaya Municipal Council. Another example is the district of
Johor Bahru in Johor, which has 3 subdivisions:
Johor Bahru City
Council, Iskandar Puteri
City Council, and Pasir Gudang Municipal
Council. Conversely, there may be one local government administering
more than one district, for example, Seberang Perai Municipal Council
administers the districts of Central Seberang Perai, North Seberang
Perai, and South Seberang Perai.
An administrative district border and an electoral district border
(constituency) transcend each other and do not correspond with each
other in most instances.
The districts of
Nauru are the only subdivisions of the whole state.
Main article: Districts of Nepal
Nepal is divided into 77 districts. Each district acts as an
independent administrative unit. A district consists of various
smaller units like
Village Development Committees (VDC) and
Municipalities. Official documents like citizenship cards and
passports are issued by the Chief of
District Office (CDO).
Constituencies for elections are also constructed according to the
population distribution within the district.The districts are divided
into 75 for easy administration.
Main article: Districts of New Zealand
A district in
New Zealand is a territorial authority (second-tier
local government unit) that has not gained the distinction of being
proclaimed a city. Districts tend to be less urbanized, tend to cover
more than one population center and a larger amount of rural area, and
tend to have a smaller population than cities. While cities and
districts are generally considered to be two different types of
territorial authority, the area covered by a city is often known as
its district—for example the term district plan is used equally in
districts and cities. The
Territory is neither a
district nor a city.
A district is not always a simple division of a region: several
districts lie within two regions, and the
Taupo District lies in four.
Main article: Districts of Northern Cyprus
Main article: Districts of Norway
Main article: Districts of Pakistan
Pakistan's districts are local administrative units inherited from the
British Raj. Districts were generally grouped into administrative
divisions, which in turn formed provinces.
Pakistan has 130 districts
(including ten in Azad Jammu and Kashmir). They comprise villages,
towns and cities. A district is headed by a district nazim (mayor),
who is an elected official and the local controller of the district
level officers of all the departments under provincial government
Deputy Commissioner is executive head of the
Grade-18 officer from
Pakistan Administrative Service.Deputy
Commissioner is entrusted with overall responsibility of law &
order, implementation of government schemes and is also authorised to
hear revenue cases pertaining to the district. The district
mayor(nazim) heads an elected district council composed of councilors,
who represent various district-level constituencies. The councils have
a constitutional requirement to be composed of a minimum of 33% women;
there is no upper limit, so women can comprise 100% of these councils
but men cannot.
Main article: Districts of Peru
The usage of the term 'district' (distrito) in the
similarities to that in the United States.
Legislative districts of the Philippines
A constituency with a representative in the lower house of Congress is
a congressional district. However, the term congressional district has
become synonymous in local parlance with 'representative district,'
because, just like in the US, the word 'congress' (konggreso) has come
to refer specifically to the lower house (the House of
A legislative district, which has an average population of about
250,000 to 500,000, may be composed of: (a.) an entire province, (b.)
within a province, a group of municipalities and cities (sometimes
even including independent and highly urbanized cities geographically
located in the province), (c.) a single city, (d.) a group of
geographically adjacent independent cities and independent
municipalities (currently the only example is the Pateros-Taguig, or
(e.) a group of barangays within a city.
Each province is guaranteed at least one representative to the lower
house, even though it may not come close to having the same population
as other legislative districts. Only voters within each district are
allowed to vote in the election for the member of the House of
Representatives from that district.
From 1916 to 1935, the
Philippines were divided into 12 senatorial
districts, of which 11 elected two members each, for a total of 22 out
of the 24 members of the upper house of Congress (the Senate). Since
1935 senators have been elected at large.
In addition, each congressional district that falls under the
jurisdiction of the Autonomous
Region in Muslim Mindanao (a total of
8) elects three members each to the country's only subnational
There are provincial districts for the purpose of electing Sangguniang
Panlalawigan (Provincial Council) members, which follow the
congressional district arrangement, except that independent and highly
urbanized cities whose charters prevent them from electing provincial
officials are excluded. Also, provinces that comprise a lone
congressional district are divided into at least two provincial
There are also city councilor districts for the purpose of electing
Sangguniang Panlungsod (
City Council) members, which follow the
congressional district arrangement. In cases where the city does not
form two or more congressional districts by itself, it is divided into
at least two city council districts.
Districts exist as an administrative entity only in local government,
with limited powers or responsibilities. Certain cities, such as
Manila, Iloilo and Davao, for administrative purposes, formally divide
their jurisdictions into city districts composed of several barangays,
but the extent of these district-level administrative powers vary.
Several barangays (the lowest level of government) also have the word
'district' in their names – examples are those in
Zamboanga City. However, this is solely for the purpose of
nomenclature, and does not imply a higher level of local government.
During Spanish and early American colonial rule, certain areas of the
Philippines were designated as 'districts,' mainly those that had not
been formally organized into provinces or incorporated into existing
ones. In the American era, cities and municipalities were divided into
city and municipal districts, which served as the lowest level of
government before the creation of the barangay.
Special-purpose districts also exist in the Philippines, created for
government departments and agencies. Examples are school districts for
the Department of Education (DepEd), engineering districts for the
Department of Public Works and Highways
Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH) and coast guard
districts for the
Philippine Coast Guard
Philippine Coast Guard (PCG).
Some cities and municipalities also extend the usage of the word
'district' to refer to certain areas, even without having any formal
administrative purposes. Examples are the central business districts
City and Makati City.
Main article: powiat
The second-level unit of local government and administration in
Poland, equivalent to a county, district or prefecture (LAU-1) in
other countries is called a powiat. As of 2008 there are 379
powiat-level entities in Poland: 314 land counties and 65 city
counties. For a complete alphabetical listing, see list of counties in
Main article: Districts of Portugal
Districts (distritos) are administrative divisions of Portugal. They
were mainly used as the jurisdiction areas for the civil governors,
the government officials that represented locally the Central
Government. However, in 2011, the role of civil governor was de facto
extinct (although not de jure), with the decision taken by the
Government not to appoint new civil governors and to transfer its
functions to other bodies. The district areas are now only used as the
regional jurisdiction areas of some public bodies (like the Public
Police district commands) and some private entities (like the
district associations and championships of football).
Raion and Okrug
In Russia, districts are administrative and municipal divisions of the
federal subjects, as well as administrative divisions of larger cities
("city districts") which are commonly referenced as raions (Russian:
Районы) and okrugs (Russian: Округи) respectively. The
term "district" is also used to refer to the type of administrative
division of the Sakha Republic—ulus (Russian: улус; Sakha:
Sakha Republic is administratively divided into five
cities under the Republic's jurisdiction and 33 uluses. The law
Sakha Republic establishes that the terms "ulus" and "district"
In historical context (for the Russian Empire), the term "district" is
often used to refer to uyezds.
Main article: Districts of Serbia
Serbia is divided into twenty-nine districts (okrug) and the city of
Belgrade, each of which is further divided into municipalities
Main article: Districts of Slovakia
In Slovakia, a district (okres) is a local administrative unit.
Districts of South Africa
Main article: Districts of South Africa
In South Africa, the district municipality forms the layer of
government below the provinces. A district municipality is in turn
divided into several local municipalities.
This structure varies in the eight largest urban areas:
Bloemfontein (seat of the Mangaung Metropolitan Municipality),
Cape Town (
Cape Town Metropolitan Municipality),
Durban (seat of the eThekwini Metropolitan Municipality),
East London /
King Williams Town
King Williams Town (seat of the Buffalo City
East Rand (seat of the Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality),
Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality),
Port Elizabeth incl.
Uitenhage (seat of the Nelson Mandela Bay
Metropolitan Municipality) and
Pretoria (seat of the
City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality),
where a metropolitan municipality replaces both a district and a local
Main article: Districts of Sri Lanka
For purposes of local government, the country of
Sri Lanka is divided
into nine provinces: Western, Central, Southern, Northern, Eastern,
North Western, North Central, Uva and Sabaragamuwa. (The Northern and
Eastern Provinces have however, technically been jointly administered
Each of the districts is divided into divisions. These were originally
based on the feudal counties, the korales and ratas. They were
formerly known as 'D.R.O. Divisions' after the 'Divisional Revenue
Officer'. Later the D.R.O.s became 'Assistant Government Agents' and
the Divisions were known as 'A.G.A. Divisions'. Currently, the
Divisions are administered by a 'Divisional Secretary', and are known
as a 'D.S. Divisions'. Rural D.S. Divisions are also administered by a
'Pradeshiya Sabha' (Sinhala for '
Regional Council'), which is elected.
Main article: Districts of Sweden
Some municipalities in the Kingdom of
Sweden have divided their
territory into smaller areas, which often are assigned an
administrative board responsible for certain elements of municipal
governance within their district. These areas take a variety of
different Swedish names; however "district" is usually the official
English term for them. The term "borough" is sometimes used in
Main article: Districts of Switzerland
In Switzerland, some cantons organize themselves into districts, while
others dispense with districts and govern themselves at the Wahlkreise
(constituency or electoral district) level.
A district ("amphoe") is a subdivision of a province ("changwat") in
Thailand. Some provinces also contain minor districts
are smaller than the average district.
In Turkey, a district (Turkish: ilçe) is an administrative
subdivision of a province (Turkish: il). See also Districts of Turkey.
Main article: Districts of Uganda
Main article: Districts of England
Districts are the most recognizable form of local government in large
parts of England. For those areas that retain two-tier local
government, districts usually form the lower tier of that arrangement,
with counties forming the upper tier. Districts tend to have
responsibility for a number of areas including:
Tax collection (council tax and non-domestic rates)
Arts & Entertainment
Each district raises taxes from residents on behalf of itself, and the
upper tier authority through the Council Tax. It also raises income
from business through the Non-Domestic Rates system, which is
There is no official use of the word district in Wales. The country is
broken up into 22 unitary authorities. However, district may be used
informally for a whole or unofficial part of a ward in a city.
Main article: Districts of Scotland
Scotland were local government areas between 1975 and
Between 1930 and 1975 districts were subdivisions of counties, formed
under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1929. See List of local
government areas in
Scotland 1930–75. Scotland, since 1996, has been
divided in 32 unitary council areas and districts are no longer used.
Scotland has had other kinds of administrative areas which might be
described as districts:
Shires of Scotland, until 1975
Subdivisions of Scotland, councils or unitary authorities, from 1996,
pursuant to the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994
Committee areas, from 1996, within larger unitary authorities
Main article: Subdivisions of Scotland
Main article: Districts of Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland is divided into 11 districts for local government
purposes. The councils do not carry out the same range of functions as
those in the rest of the United Kingdom; for example they have no
responsibility for education, road-building or housing (although they
do nominate members to the advisory
Northern Ireland Housing Council).
Their functions do include waste and recycling services, leisure and
community services, building control and local economic and cultural
development. They are not planning authorities, but are consulted on
some planning applications. Collection of rates (local tax) is handled
by the Rate Collection Agency.
Main article: Raions of Ukraine
In Ukraine, districts (raions) second level of administrative division
Ukraine and are primary the most common division of Ukrainian
regions, as well as administrative divisions of larger cities ("city
This section may need to be rewritten entirely to comply with
Wikipedia's quality standards. You can help. The discussion page may
contain suggestions. (January 2017)
Satellite photograph of the
District of Columbia.
District of Alaska
There are several types of districts in the United States.
A constituency with a representative in Congress is a congressional
district. Each state is organized into one or more such districts; the
exact number within each state is based on the most recent census.
Only voters within each district are allowed to vote in the election
for the member of the House of Representatives from that district.
Overall, there are 435 congressional districts in the United States;
each has roughly 630,000 people, with some variance.
A constituency with a representative in a state legislature is a
legislative district; the territory over which a federal court has
jurisdiction is a federal judicial district.
District of Columbia is the only part of the United States,
excluding territories, that is not located within any of the fifty
United States also has many types of special-purpose districts
with limited powers of local government. School districts are the most
common, but other types of districts include community college
districts, hospital districts, utility districts, irrigation
districts, port districts, and public transit districts.
Many cities in the late 20th century adopted names for
non-governmental districts as a way of increasing recognition and
identity of these distinct areas and neighborhoods. Perhaps most
apparently in Los Angeles, various areas and neighborhoods within the
city are specified as districts. For instance,
Hollywood is a district
of Los Angeles, whereas
Beverly Hills and West
independent incorporated cities, with their own governments and police
departments. This can be confusing, as the difference between
districts and neighboring cities is usually not readily apparent, for
they all make up the greater
Los Angeles area. Typically, districts
may or may not be distinguished at the boundary of the district with a
"district sign" with the city's insignia; whereas at a city boundary,
a city limit sign would usually be placed on the street with the
city's name and population, at a minimum, but also often includes its
elevation. The important distinction is that areas classified as
districts are still part of the parent city and governed by the laws
and ordinances of that city.
Various federal, regional and local agencies such as the National
Register of Historic Places recognize historic districts.
Prior to the Act of Consolidation in 1854, Philadelphia County,
Pennsylvania had some districts acting like cities or towns.
Main article: Districts of Vietnam
The term district in
Vietnam refers to the second level administrative
unit, below provinces (tỉnh) and centrally administered cities
(thành phố trực thuộc trung ương). This second level unit is
called a "huyện" in rural areas, while in urban areas districts are
either "quận" (sub-divisions of centrally administered cities),
"Thành phố trực thuộc tỉnh" (provincial cities) or "thị
xã" (towns). As of 28 November 2011,
Vietnam had 698 "districts"
including 55 provincial cities, 47 towns, 47 urban sub-divisions, and
549 rural districts (including 12 island districts).
Vietnamese districts vary significantly in both population and area.
Excluding the island districts, the most populous is Biên Hoà
(provincial city) with 784,398 people; the least populous is the town
of Mường Lay (11,650). Similarly, the largest district is Mường
Tè (3,677.4 km²) while the smallest is
District ("Quận") 4 of
Hồ Chí Minh
City with an area of only 4.18 km².
^ "Types of Municipalities in Alberta".
Alberta Municipal Affairs.
Retrieved July 28, 2013.
^ "Interim List of Changes to Municipal Boundaries, Status, and Names:
From January 2, 2012 to January 1, 2012" (PDF). Statistics Canada.
2012. Retrieved July 28, 2013.
^ Careless, James Maurice Stockford. "
Canada 1841-67". The
Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2017-04-27.
^ list of districts of
India by states
^ Law Z#77-I of 6 July 1995 "On Administrative and Territorial
Structure of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic", with amendments
^ a b vi:Huyện (Việt Nam)
Designations for types of administrative territorial entities
Common English terms1
Local government area
Combined statistical area
Metropolitan statistical area
Micropolitan statistical area
Free imperial city
Royal free city
Indian government district
Regional county municipality
Mountain resort municipality
Special administrative region
Federal capital territory
Organized incorporated territory
Autonomous territorial unit
Local administrative unit
Exclusive economic zone
Free economic zone
Special economic zone
Other English terms
Non-English or loanwords
Kunta / kommun
Arabic terms for country subdivisions
Muhafazah (محافظة governorate)
Wilayah (ولاية province)
Mintaqah (منطقة region)
Mudiriyah (مديرية directorate)
Imarah (إمارة emirate)
Baladiyah (بلدية municipality)
Shabiyah (شعبية "popularate")
Second / third-level
Mintaqah (منطقة region)
Qadaa (قضاء district)
Nahiyah (ناحية subdistrict)
Markaz (مركز district)
Mutamadiyah (معتمدية "delegation")
Daerah/Daïra (دائرة circle)
Liwa (لواء banner / sanjak)
City / township-level
Amanah (أمانة municipality)
Baladiyah (بلدية municipality)
Ḥai (حي neighborhood / quarter)
Sheyakhah (شياخة "neighborhood subdivision")
English translations given are those most commonly used.
French terms for country subdivisions
Greek terms for country subdivisions
apokentromenes dioikiseis / geniki dioikisis§ / diamerisma§ /
nomos§ / periphereiaki enotita
demos / eparchia§ / koinotita§
§ signifies a defunct institution
Portuguese terms for country subdivisions
Historical subdivisions in italics.
Slavic terms for country subdivisions
krajina / pokrajina
oblast / oblast' / oblasti / oblys / obwód / voblast'
opština / općina / občina / obshtina
powiat / povit
selsoviet / silrada
voivodeship / vojvodina
guberniya / gubernia
starostwo / starostva
Spanish terms for country subdivisions
Historical subdivisions in italics.
Turkish terms for country subdivisions
ağalık (feudal district)
reya (Romanian principalities)
voyvodalık (Romanian provinces)
1 Used by ten or more countries or having derived terms. Historical
derivations in italics.
See also: Census division, Electoral district, Political division, and
List of administrative division