The Info List - Urban Area

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An urban area is a human settlement with high population density and infrastructure of built environment. Urban areas are created through urbanization and are categorized by urban morphology as cities, towns, conurbations or suburbs. In urbanism, the term contrasts to rural areas such as villages and hamlets and in urban sociology or urban anthropology it contrasts with natural environment. The creation of early predecessors of urban areas during the urban revolution led to the creation of human civilization with modern urban planning, which along with other human activities such as exploitation of natural resources leads to human impact on the environment. The world's urban population in 1950 of just 746 million has increased to 3.9 billion in the decades since.[1] In 2009, the number of people living in urban areas (3.42 billion) surpassed the number living in rural areas (3.41 billion) and since then the world has become more urban than rural.[2] This was the first time that the majority of the world's population lived in a city.[3] In 2014 there were 7.2 billion people living on the planet,[4] of which the global urban population comprised 3.9 billion. The Population Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs at that time predicted the urban population would grow to 6.4 billion by 2050, with 37% of that growth to come from three countries: China, India
and Nigeria.[1] Urban areas are created and further developed by the process of urbanization. Urban areas are measured for various purposes, including analyzing population density and urban sprawl. Unlike an urban area, a metropolitan area includes not only the urban area, but also satellite cities plus intervening rural land that is socio-economically connected to the urban core city, typically by employment ties through commuting, with the urban core city being the primary labor market.


1 Definitions

1.1 Argentina 1.2 Australia 1.3 Brazil 1.4 Canada 1.5 Colombia 1.6 China 1.7 Finland 1.8 France 1.9 Germany 1.10 India 1.11 Japan 1.12 Netherlands 1.13 New Zealand 1.14 Norway 1.15 Pakistan 1.16 Philippines 1.17 Poland 1.18 Russia 1.19 Singapore 1.20 South Africa 1.21 South Korea 1.22 Sweden 1.23 Taiwan 1.24 United Kingdom 1.25 United States 1.26 Vietnam

2 See also

2.1 Lists

3 References 4 External links

Definitions[edit] European countries define urbanized areas on the basis of urban-type land use, not allowing any gaps of typically more than 200 metres (220 yd), and use satellite imagery instead of census blocks to determine the boundaries of the urban area. In less-developed countries, in addition to land use and density requirements, a requirement that a large majority of the population, typically 75%, is not engaged in agriculture and/or fishing is sometimes used. Argentina[edit] Main article: List of cities in Argentina
by population Argentina
is highly urbanized.[5] The ten largest metropolitan areas account for half of the population, and fewer than one in ten live in rural areas. About 3 million people live in Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
and the Greater Buenos Aires
Greater Buenos Aires
metropolitan area totals around 15 million, making it one of the largest urban areas in the world, with a population of 18 million all up.[6] Córdoba has around 1.5 million people living in the urban area, while Rosario, Mendoza and Tucumán have around 1.2 million inhabitants each[6] and La Plata, Mar del Plata, Salta
and Santa Fe[6][7] have at least 500,000 people each. The population is unequally distributed amongst the provinces: about 60% live in the Pampa region (21% of the total area), including 20 million people in Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
Province; Córdoba Province Santa Fe Province and the Autonomous City
of Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
have 3 million each. Seven other provinces have over one million people each: Mendoza, Tucumán, Entre Ríos, Salta, Chaco, Corrientes
and Misiones. Tucumán is the most densely populated with 60 per square kilometre (160/sq mi), the only Argentine province more densely populated than the world average, while the southern province of Santa Cruz has around 1 inhabitant per square kilometre (2.6/sq mi).


v t e

Largest cities or towns in Argentina (2015 INDEC
metro area estimate)[8]

Rank Name Province Pop. Rank Name Province Pop.

Buenos Aires

Córdoba 1 Buenos Aires (Autonomous city) 13,834,000 11 Resistencia Chaco 409,000



2 Córdoba Córdoba 1,519,000 12 Santiago del Estero Santiago del Estero 406,000

3 Rosario Santa Fe 1,429,000 13 Corrientes Corrientes 383,000

4 Mendoza Mendoza 1,082,000 14 Posadas Misiones 355,000

5 Tucumán Tucumán 868,000 15 San Salvador de Jujuy Jujuy 338,000

6 La Plata Buenos Aires 836,000 16 Neuquén Neuquén 309,000

7 Mar del Plata Buenos Aires 633,000 17 Bahía Blanca Buenos Aires 307,000

8 Salta Salta 625,000 18 Paraná Entre Ríos 274,000

9 Santa Fe Santa Fe 530,000 19 Formosa Formosa 258,000

10 San Juan San Juan 513,000 20 San Luis San Luis 218,000

Australia[edit] Main article: List of cities in Australia
by population In Australia, urban areas are referred to as "urban centres" and are defined as population clusters of 1,000 or more people, with a density of at least 200/km2 (518/sq mi)[9] Australia
is one of the most urbanised countries in the world, with more than 50% of the population residing in the nation's five biggest cities.


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Largest populated areas in Australia 2016 data from Australian Bureau of Statistics[10]

Rank Name State Pop. Rank Name State Pop.


Melbourne 1 Sydney NSW 5,029,768 11 Hobart Tas 224,462



2 Melbourne Vic 4,725,316 12 Geelong Vic 192,393

3 Brisbane Qld 2,360,241 13 Townsville Qld 178,864

4 Perth WA 2,022,044 14 Cairns Qld 150,041

5 Adelaide SA 1,324,279 15 Darwin NT 145,916

6 Gold Coast–Tweed Heads Qld/NSW 646,983 16 Toowoomba Qld 114,024

7 Newcastle–Maitland NSW 436,171 17 Ballarat Vic 101,588

8 Canberra–Queanbeyan ACT/NSW 435,019 18 Bendigo Vic 95,587

9 Sunshine Coast Qld 317,404 19 Albury-Wodonga NSW/Vic 90,576

10 Wollongong NSW 295,669 20 Launceston Tas 86,335

Brazil[edit] Main article: List of largest cities in Brazil According to IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics) urban areas already concentrate 84.35% of the population, while the Southeast region remains the most populated one, with over 80 million inhabitants.[11] The largest metropolitan areas in Brazil
are São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, and Belo Horizonte — all in the Southeastern Region — with 20, 12, and 5 million inhabitants respectively.[12] The majority of state capitals are the largest cities in their states, except for Vitória, the capital of Espírito Santo, and Florianópolis, the capital of Santa Catarina. There are also non-capital metropolitan areas in the states of São Paulo (Campinas, Santos and the Paraíba Valley), Minas Gerais
Minas Gerais
(Steel Valley), Rio Grande do Sul
Rio Grande do Sul
(Sinos Valley) and Santa Catarina (Itajaí Valley).[13]

São Paulo, the largest city in Brazil, the largest city proper in the Southern Hemisphere, in the Americas, and the world's ninth-largest urban area by population.[14]


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Largest metropolitan areas in Brazil 2016 Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics estimates[15]

Rank Name State Pop. Rank Name State Pop.

São Paulo

Rio de Janeiro 1 São Paulo São Paulo 21,242,939 11 Manaus Amazonas 2,568,817

Belo Horizonte


2 Rio de Janeiro Rio de Janeiro 12,330,186 12 Vale do Paraíba e Litoral Norte São Paulo 2,475,879

3 Belo Horizonte Minas Gerais 5,873,841 13 Goiânia Goiás 2,458,504

4 Brasília Distrito Federal 4,284,676 14 Belém Pará 2,422,481

5 Porto Alegre Rio Grande do Sul 4,276,475 15 Vitória Espírito Santo 1,935,483

6 Fortaleza Ceará 4,019,213 16 Sorocaba São Paulo 1,908,425

7 Salvador Bahia 3,984,583 17 Baixada Santista São Paulo 1,813,033

8 Recife Pernambuco 3,940,456 18 São Luís Maranhão 1,605,305

9 Curitiba Paraná 3,537,894 19 Natal Rio Grande do Norte 1,537,211

10 Campinas São Paulo 3,131,528 20 Piracicaba São Paulo 1,452,691

Canada[edit] Main article: List of the 100 largest population centres in Canada According to Statistics Canada, an urban area in Canada
is an area with a population of at least 1,000 people where the density is no fewer than 400 persons per square kilometre (1,000/sq mi).[16] If two or more urban areas are within 2 km (1.2 mi) of each other by road, they are merged into a single urban area, provided they do not cross census metropolitan area or census agglomeration boundaries.[17]


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Largest cities or towns in Canada 2016 Census[18]

Rank Name Province Pop. Rank Name Province Pop.


Montreal 1 Toronto Ontario 2,731,571 11 Quebec
City Quebec 531,902



2 Montreal Quebec 1,704,694 12 Surrey British Columbia 517,887

3 Calgary Alberta 1,239,220 13 Laval Quebec 422,993

4 Ottawa Ontario 934,243 14 Halifax Nova Scotia 403,131

5 Edmonton Alberta 932,546 15 London Ontario 383,822

6 Mississauga Ontario 721,599 16 Markham Ontario 328,966

7 Winnipeg Manitoba 705,244 17 Vaughan Ontario 306,233

8 Vancouver British Columbia 631,486 18 Gatineau Quebec 276,245

9 Brampton Ontario 593,638 19 Saskatoon Saskatchewan 246,376

10 Hamilton Ontario 536,917 20 Longueuil Quebec 239,700

In the Canada
2011 Census, Statistics Canada
Statistics Canada
redesignated urban areas with the new term "population centre";[19] the new term was chosen in order to better reflect the fact that urban vs. rural is not a strict division, but rather a continuum within which several distinct settlement patterns may exist. For example, a community may fit a strictly statistical definition of an urban area, but may not be commonly thought of as "urban" because it has a smaller population, or functions socially and economically as a suburb of another urban area rather than as a self-contained urban entity, or is geographically remote from other urban communities. Accordingly, the new definition set out three distinct types of population centres: small (population 1,000 to 29,999), medium (population 30,000 to 99,999) and large (population 100,000 or greater).[19] Despite the change in terminology, however, the demographic definition of a population centre remains unchanged from that of an urban area: a population of at least 1,000 people where the density is no fewer than 400 persons per km2. Colombia[edit] Main article: List of cities in Colombia In Colombia
the largest Metropolitan area
Metropolitan area
is Bogotá's, which has around 9.8 million of inhabitants and includes municipalities like Cota, La Calera, Chía, Soacha, Usaquen, Suba among others.., it's the metropolis of Culture, Business and Literature, Bogotá
has been the International City
of the Book and has places uniques like Monserrate, Torre Colpatria, Bolivar Square, BD Bacatá, Corferias, National University etc.[20][21]

Bolívar Square, Bogotá


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Largest cities or towns in Colombia National Administrative Department of Statistics (DANE), 2016 projections[22]

Rank Name Department Pop. Rank Name Department Pop.


Medellín 1 Bogotá Bogotá 7,963,379 11 Santa Marta Magdalena 474,520



2 Medellín Antioquia 2,457,680 12 Villavicencio Meta 471,383

3 Cali Valle del Cauca 2,358,302 13 Bello Antioquia 458,196

4 Barranquilla Atlántico 1,219,382 14 Pereira Risaralda 398,719

5 Cartagena Bolívar 971,592 15 Valledupar Cesar 395,860

6 Cúcuta Norte de Santander 634,276 16 Buenaventura Valle del Cauca 373,717

7 Soledad Atlántico 631,599 17 Pasto Nariño 371,045

8 Ibagué Tolima 528,214 18 Manizales Caldas 369,981

9 Bucaramanga Santander 521,857 19 Montería Córdoba 346,873

10 Soacha Cundinamarca 516,435 20 Neiva Huila 324,375

China[edit] Main article: List of cities in China
by population and built-up area Since 2000, China's cities have expanded at an average rate of 10% annually. It is estimated that China's urban population will increase by 292 million people by 2050,[1] when its cities will house a combined population of over one billion.[23] The country's urbanization rate increased from 17.4% to 46.6% between 1978 and 2009.[24] Between 150 and 200 million migrant workers work part-time in the major cities, returning home to the countryside periodically with their earnings.[25][26] Today, China
has dozens of cities with one million or more long-term residents, including the three global cities of Beijing, Hong Kong, and Shanghai; by 2025, the country will be home to 221 cities with over a million inhabitants.[23] The figures in the table below are from the 2008 census, and are only estimates of the urban populations within administrative city limits; a different ranking exists when considering the total municipal populations (which includes suburban and rural populations). The large "floating populations" of migrant workers make conducting censuses in urban areas difficult;[27] the figures below include only long-term residents.

Panoramic view of Pudong's Skyline from the Bund in Shanghai, the largest city proper by population in the world.[28]


v t e

Largest cities or towns in China Sixth National Population Census
of the People's Republic of China (2010)

Rank Name Province Pop. Rank Name Province Pop.


Beijing 1 Shanghai Shanghai 20,217,700 11 Chengdu Sichuan 6,316,900



2 Beijing Beijing 16,446,900 12 Nanjing Jiangsu 6,238,200

3 Chongqing Chongqing 11,871,200 13 Shenyang Liaoning 5,718,200

4 Guangzhou Guangdong 10,641,400 14 Hangzhou Zhejiang 5,578,300

5 Shenzhen Guangdong 10,358,400 15 Xi'an Shaanxi 5,399,300

6 Tianjin Tianjin 9,562,300 16 Harbin Heilongjiang 5,178,000

7 Wuhan Hubei 7,541,500 17 Suzhou Jiangsu 4,083,900

8 Dongguan Guangdong 7,271,300 18 Qingdao Shandong 3,990,900

9 Hong Kong Hong Kong 7,055,071 19 Dalian Liaoning 3,902,500

10 Foshan Guangdong 6,771,900 20 Zhengzhou Henan 3,677,000

Finland[edit] Main article: List of urban areas in Finland
by population Similar to other Nordic countries, an urban area (taajama in Finnish) in Finland
must have a building at least every 200 m (660 ft) and at least 200 people. To be considered a town or a city (kaupunki) for statistical purposes, an urban area must have at least 15,000 people. This is not to be confused with the city / town designation used by municipalities.[29][30]


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Largest cities or towns in Finland http://pxnet2.stat.fi/PXWeb/sq/9af9ca56-9eea-4969-9714-db194f6847e5

Rank Name Region Pop. Rank Name Region Pop.


Espoo 1 Helsinki Uusimaa 635,591 11 Pori Satakunta 85,002



2 Espoo Uusimaa 274,522 12 Joensuu North Karelia 75,881

3 Tampere Pirkanmaa 228,173 13 Lappeenranta South Karelia 72,773

4 Vantaa Uusimaa 219,196 14 Hämeenlinna Tavastia Proper 67,867

5 Oulu Northern Ostrobothnia 200,071 15 Vaasa Ostrobothnia 67,598

6 Turku Finland
Proper 187,564 16 Rovaniemi Lapland 62,246

7 Jyväskylä Central Finland 138,780 17 Seinäjoki Southern Ostrobothnia 62,053

8 Lahti Päijänne Tavastia 119,377 18 Mikkeli Southern Savonia 54,494

9 Kuopio Northern Savonia 112,980 19 Kotka Kymenlaakso 54,160

10 Kouvola Kymenlaakso 85,231 20 Salo Finland
Proper 53,556

France[edit] Main article: Urban area
Urban area
(France) In France, an urban area (Fr: aire urbaine) is a zone encompassing an area of built-up growth (called an "urban unit" (unité urbaine)[31] – close in definition to the North American urban area) and its commuter belt (couronne périurbaine). Americans would find the INSEE definition of the urban area[32] to be similar to their metropolitan area, and the INSEE sometimes uses the term aire métropolitaine[33] to refer to the country's largest aires urbaines. The largest cities in France, in terms of urban area population (2013), are Paris
(12,405,426), Lyon
(2,237,676), Marseille (1,734,277), Toulouse
(1,291,517), Bordeaux
(1,178,335), Lille (1,175,828), Nice
(1,004,826), Nantes
(908,815), Strasbourg
(773,447) and Rennes

Panorama of Paris
as seen from the Eiffel Tower
Eiffel Tower
as full 360-degree view (river flowing from north-east to south-west, right to left)


v t e

Largest cities or towns in France 2010 census

Rank Name Region Pop. Rank Name Region Pop.


Marseille 1 Paris Île-de-France 2,243,833 11 Rennes Brittany 207,178



2 Marseille Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur 850,726 12 Reims Grand Est 179,992

3 Lyon Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes 484,344 13 Le Havre Normandy 175,497

4 Toulouse Occitanie 441,802 14 Saint-Étienne Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes 171,260

5 Nice Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur 343,304 15 Toulon Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur 164,532

6 Nantes Pays de la Loire 284,970 16 Grenoble Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes 155,637

7 Strasbourg Grand Est 271,782 17 Dijon Bourgogne-Franche-Comté 151,212

8 Montpellier Occitanie 257,351 18 Angers Pays de la Loire 147,571

9 Bordeaux Nouvelle-Aquitaine 239,157 19 Villeurbanne Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes 145,150

10 Lille Hauts-de-France 227,560 20 Saint-Denis Réunion 145,022

Germany[edit] Main article: List of cities in Germany
List of cities in Germany
by population Germany
has a number of large cities. There are 11 officially recognised metropolitan regions in Germany
– and since 2006, 34 potential cities were identified which can be called a Regiopolis. The largest conurbation is the Rhine-Ruhr
region (11.7 million in 2008[update]), including Düsseldorf
(the capital of North Rhine-Westphalia), Cologne, Bonn, Dortmund, Essen, Duisburg, and Bochum.[35]


v t e

Largest cities or towns in Germany Statistical offices in Germany
(31 December 2015)

Rank Name State Pop. Rank Name State Pop.


Hamburg 1 Berlin Berlin 3,710,156 11 Bremen Bremen
(state) 557,464



2 Hamburg Hamburg 1,787,408 12 Dresden Saxony 543,825

3 Munich Bavaria 1,450,381 13 Hannover Lower Saxony 532,163

4 Cologne North Rhine-Westphalia 1,060,582 14 Nuremberg Bavaria 509,975

5 Frankfurt Hesse 732,688 15 Duisburg North Rhine-Westphalia 491,231

6 Stuttgart Baden-Württemberg 623,738 16 Bochum North Rhine-Westphalia 364,742

7 Düsseldorf North Rhine-Westphalia 612,178 17 Wuppertal North Rhine-Westphalia 350,046

8 Dortmund North Rhine-Westphalia 586,181 18 Bielefeld North Rhine-Westphalia 333,090

9 Essen North Rhine-Westphalia 582,624 19 Bonn North Rhine-Westphalia 318,809

10 Leipzig Saxony 560,472 20 Münster North Rhine-Westphalia 310,039

India[edit] Main article: List of cities in India
by population For the Census
of India
2011, the definition of urban area is a place having a minimum population of 5,000, of density 400 persons per square kilometre (1,000/sq mi) or higher, and 75% plus of the male working population employed in non-agricultural activities. Places administered by a municipal corporation, cantonment board or notified town area committee are automatically considered urban areas.[36] The Census
of India
2011 also defined the term "urban agglomeration" as an integrated urban area consisting of a core town together with its "outgrowths" (contiguous suburbs).[37] The five most populated urban areas in India
found at the 2011 census were:







City Population within city limits[38] Population urban agglomeration[39]

Mumbai 12,478,447 18,414,288

Delhi 11,007,835 16,314,838

Bangalore 8,425,970 8,499,399

Chennai 4,681,087 8,696,010

Kolkata 4,486,679 14,112,536

Japan[edit] Main article: List of metropolitan areas in Japan In Japan
urbanized areas are defined as contiguous areas of densely inhabited districts (DIDs) using census enumeration districts as units with a density requirement of 4,000 inhabitants per square kilometre (10,000/sq mi).


v t e

Largest cities or towns in Japan 2010 Census

Rank Name Prefecture Pop. Rank Name Prefecture Pop.

wards of Tokyo

Yokohama 1 Special
wards of Tokyo Tokyo 8,949,447 11 Hiroshima Hiroshima 1,174,209



2 Yokohama Kanagawa 3,689,603 12 Sendai Miyagi 1,045,903

3 Osaka Osaka 2,666,371 13 Kitakyushu Fukuoka 977,288

4 Nagoya Aichi 2,263,907 14 Chiba Chiba 962,130

5 Sapporo Hokkaido 1,914,434 15 Sakai Osaka 842,134

6 Kobe Hyōgo 1,544,873 16 Niigata Niigata 812,192

7 Kyoto Kyoto 1,474,473 17 Hamamatsu Shizuoka 800,912

8 Fukuoka Fukuoka 1,463,826 18 Kumamoto Kumamoto 734,294

9 Kawasaki Kanagawa 1,425,678 19 Sagamihara Kanagawa 717,561

10 Saitama Saitama 1,222,910 20 Shizuoka Shizuoka 716,328

Netherlands[edit] Main article: List of cities in the Netherlands
List of cities in the Netherlands
by province The Netherlands
The Netherlands
is the 30th most densely populated country in the world, with 404.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,048/sq mi)—or 497 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,287/sq mi) if only the land area is counted. The Randstad
is the country's largest conurbation located in the west of the country and contains the four largest cities: Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague, and Utrecht. The Randstad
has a population of 7 million inhabitants and is the 6th largest metropolitan area in Europe.


v t e

Largest cities or towns in the Netherlands Statistics Netherlands[40]

Rank Name Province Pop. Rank Name Province Pop.


Rotterdam 1 Amsterdam North Holland 855,896 11 Apeldoorn Gelderland 161,181

The Hague


2 Rotterdam South Holland 638,751 12 Haarlem North Holland 159,819

3 The Hague South Holland 531,935 13 Enschede Overijssel 158,276

4 Utrecht Utrecht 347,526 14 Arnhem Gelderland 157,277

5 Eindhoven North Brabant 229,184 15 Amersfoort Utrecht 155,215

6 Tilburg North Brabant 215,631 16 Zaanstad North Holland 154,826

7 Almere Flevoland 203,997 17 's-Hertogenbosch North Brabant 153,429

8 Groningen Groningen 202,900 18 Haarlemmermeer North Holland 147,302

9 Breda North Brabant 183,749 19 Zwolle Overijssel 126,158

10 Nijmegen Gelderland 175,928 20 Zoetermeer South Holland 124,719

New Zealand[edit] Main article: List of New Zealand
New Zealand
urban areas Statistics New Zealand
Statistics New Zealand
defines urban areas in New Zealand, which are independent of any administrative subdivisions and have no legal basis.[41] There are three classes of urban area: main urban areas are the 17 urban areas which have a population of 30,000 or more; secondary urban areas are the 14 urban areas which have a population of 10,000 or more but less than 30,000, and minor urban areas are the 103 urban areas which have a population of 1,000 or more but less than 10,000. Urban areas are reclassified after each New Zealand
New Zealand
census, so population changes between censuses does not change an urban area's classification. For example, Rolleston (pop. 14,650) is still classified as a minor urban area because its population was under 10,000 at the 2013 Census.


v t e

Largest urban areas in New Zealand Statistics New Zealand
Statistics New Zealand
June 2017 estimate[42]

Rank Name Region Pop. Rank Name Region Pop.


Wellington 1 Auckland Auckland 1,534,700 11 Whangarei Northland 57,700



2 Wellington Wellington 412,500 12 New Plymouth Taranaki 57,500

3 Christchurch Canterbury 396,700 13 Invercargill Southland 50,800

4 Hamilton Waikato 235,900 14 Kapiti Wellington 42,300

5 Tauranga Bay of Plenty 137,900 15 Whanganui Manawatu-Wanganui 40,300

6 Napier-Hastings Hawke's Bay 133,000 16 Gisborne Gisborne 36,600

7 Dunedin Otago 120,200 17 Blenheim Marlborough 31,300

8 Palmerston North Manawatu-Wanganui 85,300 18 Pukekohe Auckland 30,800

9 Nelson Nelson 66,700 19 Timaru Canterbury 29,000

10 Rotorua Bay of Plenty 58,800 20 Taupo Waikato 24,500

Norway[edit] Main article: List of urban areas in Norway
by population Statistics Norway
Statistics Norway
defines urban areas ("tettsteder") similarly to the other Nordic countries. Unlike in Denmark and Sweden, the distance between each building has to be of less than 50 m, although exceptions are made due to parks, industrial areas, rivers, and similar. Groups of houses less than 400 m from the main body of an urban area are included in the urban area.[43]


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Largest cities or towns in Norway According to Statistics 2016

Rank Name County Pop. Rank Name County Pop.


Bergen 1 Oslo Oslo 975,744 11 Moss Østfold 46,158



2 Bergen Hordaland 252,772 12 Haugesund Rogaland 44,536

3 Stavanger/Sandnes Rogaland 213,313 13 Sandefjord Vestfold 43,222

4 Trondheim Sør-Trøndelag 177,617 14 Arendal Aust-Agder 42,788

5 Drammen Buskerud 115,137 15 Bodø Nordland 40,209

6 Fredrikstad/Sarpsborg Østfold 109,907 16 Tromsø Troms 34,283

7 Porsgrunn/Skien Telemark 92,001 17 Hamar Hedmark 26,828

8 Kristiansand Vest-Agder 61,037 18 Halden Østfold 25,113

9 Ålesund Møre og Romsdal 51,474 19 Larvik Vestfold 23,927

10 Tønsberg Vestfold 51,061 20 Askøy Hordaland 22,777

Pakistan[edit] Main article: Urbanisation in Pakistan Main article: List of most populous cities in Pakistan In Pakistan
an area is a major city and municipality if it has more than 100,000 inhabitants according to census results, Cities
include adjacent cantonments. Urbanisation in Pakistan
Urbanisation in Pakistan
has increased since the time of independence and has several different causes. The majority of southern Pakistan's population lives along the Indus River. Karachi
is its most populous city.[44] In the northern half of the country, most of the population lives in an arc formed by the cities of Lahore, Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, Islamabad, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Gujrat, Jhelum, Sargodha, Sheikhupura, Nowshera, Mardan
and Peshawar. During 1990–2008, city dwellers made up 36% of Pakistan's population, making it the most urbanised nation in South Asia. Furthermore, 50% of Pakistanis live in towns of 5,000 people or more.[45] Karachi
is the most populated city in Pakistan
closely followed by Lahore
according to the 2017 Census.

Rank City Population (1998 census) Population (2017 census) Province

1 Karachi 9,339,023 14,910,352  Sindh

2 Lahore 5,143,495 11,126,285  Punjab

3 Faisalabad 2,008,861 3,203,846 Punjab

4 Rawalpindi 1,409,768 2,098,231 Punjab

5 Gujranwala 1,132,509 2,027,001 Punjab

6 Peshawar 982,816 1,970,042 Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa

7 Multan 1,197,384 1,871,843  Punjab

8 Hyderabad 1,166,894 1,732,693 Sindh

9 Islamabad 529,180 1,014,825 Islamabad
Capital Territory

10 Quetta 565,137 1,001,205 Balochistan

Philippines[edit] Main article: List of cities in the Philippines With an estimated population of 16.3 million, Metro Manila
Metro Manila
is the most populous metropolitan area in the Philippines
and the 11th in the world. However, the greater urban area is the 5th largest in the world with a population of 20,654,307 people (2010 estimate).[46] Including Metro Manila, the Philippines
has twelve metropolitan areas as defined by the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA). Metro Angeles, Metro Bacolod, Metro Baguio, Metro Batangas, Metro Cagayan de Oro, Metro Cebu, Metro Dagupan, Metro Davao, Metro Iloilo-Guimaras, Metro Naga, Metro Olongapo. As per Republic Act No. 9009, in order to become a city, a local government unit must :

locally generated income of at least ₱ 100 million (based on constant prices in the year 2000) for the last two consecutive years, as certified by the Department of Finance, AND a population of 150,000 or more, as certified by the National Statistics Office (NSO); OR a contiguous territory of 100 square kilometers, as certified by the Land Management Bureau, with contiguity not being a requisite for areas that are on two or more islands.

Poland[edit] Main article: List of cities and towns in Poland In Poland, official "urban" population figures simply refer to those localities which have the status of towns (miasta). The "rural" population is that of all areas outside the boundaries of these towns. This distinction may give a misleading impression in some cases, since some localities with only village status may have acquired larger and denser populations than many smaller towns.[47]


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Largest cities or towns in Poland Central Statistical Office population report for 2016

Rank Name Voivodeship Pop. Rank Name Voivodeship Pop.


Kraków 1 Warsaw Masovian 1,748,916 11 Białystok Podlaskie 296,310



2 Kraków Lesser Poland 762,448 12 Gdynia Pomeranian 247,329

3 Łódź Łódź 698,688 13 Częstochowa Silesian 227,270

4 Wrocław Lower Silesian 637,075 14 Radom Masovian 215,653

5 Poznań Greater Poland 541,561 15 Sosnowiec Silesian 206,516

6 Gdańsk Pomeranian 462,996 16 Toruń Kuyavian-Pomeranian 202,591

7 Szczecin West Pomeranian 405,413 17 Kielce Świętokrzyskie 197,724

8 Bydgoszcz Kuyavian-Pomeranian 354,990 18 Rzeszów Subcarpathian 187,027

9 Lublin Lublin 340,745 19 Gliwice Silesian 182,969

10 Katowice Silesian 299,012 20 Zabrze Silesian 175,882

Russia[edit] Main article: List of cities and towns in Russia
by population


v t e

Largest cities or towns in Russia Rosstat (2016[48][49]/2017)

Rank Name Federal subject Pop. Rank Name Federal subject Pop.


Saint Petersburg 1 Moscow Moscow [50]12,381,000 11 Rostov-na-Donu Rostov Oblast 1,120,000



2 Saint Petersburg Saint Petersburg [50]5,282,000 12 Krasnoyarsk Krasnoyarsk
Krai [51]1,084,000

3 Novosibirsk Novosibirsk
Oblast [52]1,603,000 13 Perm Perm
Krai 1,042,000

4 Yekaterinburg Sverdlovsk Oblast [53]1,456,000 14 Voronezh Voronezh
Oblast 1,032,000

5 Nizhny Novgorod Nizhny Novgorod
Nizhny Novgorod
Oblast 1,267,000 15 Volgograd Volgograd
Oblast 1,016,000

6 Kazan Tatarstan [54]1,232,000 16 Krasnodar Krasnodar
Krai [55]881,000

7 Chelyabinsk Chelyabinsk
Oblast [56]1,199,000 17 Saratov Saratov
Oblast 843,000

8 Omsk Omsk
Oblast [57]1,178,000 18 Tolyatti Samara Oblast [58]711,000

9 Samara Samara Oblast [58]1,170,000 19 Izhevsk Udmurtia [59]646,000

10 Ufa Bashkortostan [60]1,126,000 20 Ulyanovsk Ulyanovsk
Oblast 622,000

Singapore[edit] Singapore
is an island city-state in Southeast Asia. About 5.6 million people live and work within 700 square kilometres (270 sq mi), making Singapore
the 3rd-most-densely populated country in the world, after Monaco, another city-state. The Central Area in the south-eastern part of the island, is the country's city centre. It is surrounded by suburban settlements outside of its limits. These settlements are connected to the Central Area and each other by a dense network of roads, expressways and metro railway lines dubbed MRT by locals. Singapore
has a highly centralised, unitary government with a unicameral legislature (the City
Council and the Rural Board were abolished in the 1960s). While there are town councils and mayors in Singapore, these are essentially property managers in charge of the maintenance of public housing within their constituency boundaries. They do not represent local authorities with any legislative or executive autonomy from the national government.[61]


v t e

Largest planning areas in Singapore Singapore
Department of Statistics population report for 2017

Rank Name Region Pop. Rank Name Region Pop.


Jurong West 1 Bedok East 284,930 11 Punggol North-East 146,640



2 Jurong West West 267,840 12 Pasir Ris East 144,960

3 Tampines East 258,310 13 Bukit Panjang West 141,930

4 Woodlands North 250,170 14 Bukit Batok West 138,290

5 Sengkang North-East 232,100 15 Toa Payoh Central 121,770

6 Hougang North-East 224,390 16 Serangoon North-East 119,140

7 Yishun North 210,440 17 Geylang Central 113,460

8 Choa Chu Kang West 186,580 18 Kallang Central 101,610

9 Ang Mo Kio North-East 166,820 19 Queenstown Central 97,600

10 Bukit Merah Central 152,790 20 Clementi West 92,580

South Africa[edit] Main article: List of municipalities in South Africa


v t e

Largest cities or towns in South Africa 2011 Census

Rank Name Province Pop.

of Johannesburg

of Cape Town 1 City
of Johannesburg Gauteng 4,434,827[62]

EThekwini Metropolitan Municipality


2 City
of Cape Town Western Cape 3,740,026[63]

3 EThekwini Metropolitan Municipality KwaZulu-Natal 3,442,361[64]

4 Ekurhuleni Gauteng 3,178,470[65]

5 City
of Tshwane Gauteng 2,921,488[66]

6 Nelson Mandela Bay Eastern Cape 1,152,115[67]

7 Buffalo City
Metropolitan Municipality Eastern Cape 755,200[68]

8 Mangaung Free State 747,431[69]

9 Emfuleni Gauteng 721,663[70]

10 Polokwane Local Municipality Limpopo 628,999 [71]

South Korea[edit] Main article: List of cities in South Korea
South Korea
by population The largest cities of South Korea
South Korea
have an autonomous status equivalent to that of provinces. Seoul, the largest city and capital, is classified as a teukbyeolsi ( Special
City), while the next 6 largest cities (see the list below) are classified as gwangyeoksi (Metropolitan Cities; see Special
cities of South Korea). Smaller cities are classified as si ("cities") and are under provincial jurisdiction, at the same level as counties (see:Administrative divisions of South Korea).


v t e

Largest cities or towns in South Korea 2015 Population and Housing Census[72]

Rank Name Province Pop. Rank Name Province Pop.


Busan 1 Seoul Seoul 9,904,312 11 Yongin Gyeonggi 971,327



2 Busan Busan 3,448,737 12 Seongnam Gyeonggi 948,757

3 Incheon Incheon 2,890,451 13 Bucheon Gyeonggi 843,794

4 Daegu Daegu 2,446,052 14 Cheongju North Chungcheong 833,276

5 Daejeon Daejeon 1,538,394 15 Ansan Gyeonggi 747,035

6 Gwangju Gwangju 1,502,881 16 Jeonju North Jeolla 658,172

7 Suwon Gyeonggi 1,194,313 17 Cheonan South Chungcheong 629,062

8 Ulsan Ulsan 1,166,615 18 Namyangju Gyeonggi 629,061

9 Changwon South Gyeongsang 1,059,241 19 Hwaseong Gyeonggi 608,725

10 Goyang Gyeonggi 990,073 20 Anyang Gyeonggi 585,177

Sweden[edit] Main article: List of urban areas in Sweden
by population Urban areas in Sweden
Urban areas in Sweden
(tätorter) are statistically defined localities, totally independent of the administrative subdivision of the country. There are 1,956 such localities in Sweden, with a population ranging from 200 to 1,372,000 inhabitants.[73]


v t e

Largest cities or towns in Sweden "Kommungruppsindelning 2017". Retrieved 2017-09-16.  (2017) & "SCB befolkningsstatistik". Retrieved 2017-09-22.  (2017)

Rank Name County Pop. Metro. Rank Name County Pop. Metro.


Gothenburg 1 Stockholm Stockholm 911,700 2,058,300 11 Lund Skåne 86,800 197,300



2 Gothenburg Västra Götaland 507,500 964,300 12 Umeå Västerbotten 82,900 137,800

3 Malmö Skåne 287,200 523,500 13 Gävle Gävleborg 73,900 107,500

4 Uppsala Uppsala 147,500 257,200 14 Södertälje Stockholm 69,200 158,300

5 Västerås Västmanland 116,400 169,200 15 Borås Västra Götaland 69,000 151,300

6 Örebro Örebro 113,400 196,700 16 Eskilstuna Södermanland 68,500 100,900

7 Linköping Östergötland 108,100 189,800 17 Karlstad Värmland 63,900 136,000

8 Helsingborg Skåne 101,400 321,500 18 Växjö Kronoberg 63,400 114,800

9 Jönköping Jönköping 92,700 156,700 19 Halmstad Halland 61,400 119,300

10 Norrköping Östergötland 91,300 149,600 20 Sundsvall Västernorrland 51,600 115,300

Taiwan[edit] Main article: List of cities in Taiwan The figures below are the 2011 estimates for the twenty largest urban populations within administrative city limits; a different ranking exists when considering the total metropolitan area populations (in such rankings the Taipei- Keelung
metro area is by far the largest agglomeration).


v t e

Largest administrative divisions in Taiwan source

Rank Name Division Pop.

New Taipei

Taichung 1 New Taipei New Taipei
New Taipei
City 3,979,208



2 Taichung Taichung
City 2,778,182

3 Kaohsiung Kaohsiung
City 2,777,873

4 Taipei Taipei
City 2,687,629

5 Taoyuan Taoyuan City 2,171,127

6 Tainan Tainan
City 1,886,267

7 Hsinchu Hsinchu
City 439,435

8 Keelung Keelung
City 371,853

9 Chiayi Chiayi
City 269,608

10 Changhua Changhua
County 234,053

United Kingdom[edit] Main article: List of urban areas in the United Kingdom The United Kingdom's Office for National Statistics
Office for National Statistics
has produced census results from urban areas since 1951, since 1981 based upon the extent of irreversible urban development indicated on Ordnance Survey maps. The definition is an extent of at least 20 ha and at least 1,500 census residents. Separate areas are linked if less than 200 m (220 yd) apart. Included are transportation features.[74] The UK has five Urban Areas with a population over a million and a further sixty nine with a population over one hundred thousand.

v t e

Largest urban areas of the United Kingdom (England and Wales: 2011 census built-up area;[75] Scotland: 2012 estimates urban area;[76] Northern Ireland: 2001 census urban area)[77]

Rank Urban area Pop. Principal settlement Rank Urban area Pop. Principal settlement

Greater London
Urban Area

Greater Manchester
Urban Area

1 Greater London
Urban Area 9,787,426 London 11 Bristol
Urban Area 617,280 Bristol

West Midlands Urban Area

West Yorkshire Urban Area

2 Greater Manchester
Urban Area 2,553,379 Manchester 12 Leicester
Urban Area 508,916 Leicester

3 West Midlands Urban Area 2,440,986 Birmingham 13 Edinburgh
Urban Area 488,610 Edinburgh

4 West Yorkshire Urban Area 1,777,934 Leeds 14 Belfast
Urban Area 483,418 Belfast

5 Greater Glasgow 1,199,629 Glasgow 15 Brighton
and Hove built-up area 474,485 Brighton

6 Liverpool
Urban Area 864,122 Liverpool 16 South East Dorset conurbation 466,266 Bournemouth

7 South Hampshire 855,569 Southampton 17 Cardiff
Urban Area 390,214 Cardiff

8 Tyneside 774,891 Newcastle 18 Teesside 376,633 Middlesbrough

9 Nottingham
Urban Area 729,977 Nottingham 19 The Potteries Urban Area 372,775 Stoke-on-Trent

10 Sheffield
Urban Area 685,368 Sheffield 20 Coventry
and Bedworth Urban Area 359,262 Coventry

United States[edit] Main article: List of United States urban areas In the United States, there are two categories of urban area. The term urbanized area denotes an urban area of 50,000 or more people. Urban areas under 50,000 people are called urban clusters. Urbanized areas were first delineated in the United States in the 1950 census, while urban clusters were added in the 2000 census. There are 1,371 urban areas and urban clusters with more than 10,000 people. The U.S. Census
Bureau defines an urban area as "core census block groups or blocks that have a population density of at least 1,000 people per square mile (386 per square kilometer) and surrounding census blocks that have an overall density of at least 500 people per square mile (193 per square kilometer)".[78] The largest urban area in the United States is the New York metropolitan area. The population of New York City, the core of the metropolitan area, exceeds 8.5 million people, its metropolitan statistical area has a population that is over 20 million, and its combined statistical area population is over 23 million. The next six largest urban areas in the U.S. are Los Angeles, Chicago, Miami, Philadelphia, San Francisco, and Houston.[79] About 82 percent of the population of the United States lives within the boundaries of an urbanized area as of December, 2010.[80] Combined, these areas occupy about 2 percent of the land area of the United States. Many Americans live in agglomerations of cities, suburbs, and towns that are adjacent to a metropolitan area's largest city.[citation needed]

The skyscrapers of New York City, the most populous city in the United States and the most populous U.S. metropolitan area, are almost all situated in Manhattan, the world's largest central business district, seen here in this panorama in February 2018, as viewed from Weehawken, New Jersey.

Riverside Church Time Warner Center 220 Central Park South Central Park Tower One57 432 Park Avenue 53W53 Chrysler Building Bank of America Tower Conde Nast Building The New York Times Building Empire State Building Manhattan
West a: 55 Hudson Yards, b: 35 Hudson Yards, c: 10 Hudson Yards, d: 15 Hudson Yards 56 Leonard Street 8 Spruce Street Woolworth Building 70 Pine Street 30 Park Place Trump Building Three World Trade Center Four World Trade Center One World Trade Center

The concept of Urbanized Areas as defined by the U.S. Census
Bureau is often used as a more accurate gauge of the size of a city, since in different cities and states the lines between city borders and the urbanized area of that city are often not the same. For example, the city of Greenville, South Carolina
Greenville, South Carolina
has a city population just over 64,000 and an urbanized area population of over 400,000, while Greensboro, North Carolina
Greensboro, North Carolina
has a city population just over 285,000 and an urbanized area population of around 310,000 — meaning that Greenville is actually "larger" for some intents and purposes, but not for others, such as taxation, local elections, etc. In the U.S. Department of Agriculture's natural resources inventory, urban areas are officially known as developed areas or urban and built-up areas. Such areas include cities, ethnic villages, other built-up areas of more than 10 ac (4 ha), industrial sites, railroad yards, cemeteries, airports, golf courses, shooting ranges, institutional and public administration sites, and similar areas. The 1997 national resources inventory placed over 98,000,000 ac (40,000,000 ha) in this category, an increase of 25,000,000 ac (10,000,000 ha) since 1982.[81]

Leading population centers (see complete list)

view talk edit

Rank Core city (cities) Metro area population Metropolitan Statistical Area Region[82]

New York City

Los Angeles



1 New York 20,153,634 New York–Newark–Jersey City, NY–NJ–PA MSA Northeast

2 Los Angeles 13,310,447 Los Angeles–Long Beach–Anaheim, CA MSA West

3 Chicago 9,512,999 Chicago–Joliet–Naperville, IL–IN–WI MSA Midwest

4 Dallas–Fort Worth 7,233,323 Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington, TX MSA South

5 Houston 6,772,470 Houston–The Woodlands-Sugar Land MSA South

6 Washington, D.C. 6,131,977 Washington, DC–VA–MD–WV MSA South

7 Philadelphia 6,070,500 Philadelphia–Camden–Wilmington, PA–NJ–DE–MD MSA Northeast

8 Miami 6,066,387 Miami–Fort Lauderdale–West Palm Beach, FL MSA South

9 Atlanta 5,789,700 Atlanta–Sandy Springs–Roswell, GA MSA South

10 Boston 4,794,447 Boston–Cambridge–Quincy, MA–NH MSA Northeast

11 San Francisco 4,679,166 San Francisco–Oakland–Fremont, CA MSA West

12 Phoenix 4,661,537 Phoenix–Mesa–Chandler, AZ MSA West

13 Riverside–San Bernardino 4,527,837 Riverside–San Bernardino–Ontario, CA MSA West

14 Detroit 4,297,617 Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI MSA Midwest

15 Seattle 3,798,902 Seattle–Tacoma–Bellevue, WA MSA West

16 Minneapolis–St. Paul 3,551,036 Minneapolis–St. Paul–Bloomington, MN–WI MSA Midwest

17 San Diego 3,317,749 San Diego–Carlsbad–San Marcos, CA MSA West

18 Tampa–St. Petersburg 3,032,171 Tampa–St. Petersburg–Clearwater, FL MSA South

19 Denver 2,853,077 Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO MSA West

20 St. Louis 2,807,002 St. Louis
St. Louis
MO–IL MSA Midwest

Based on 2016 MSA population estimates from the U.S. Census

Vietnam[edit] Main article: List of cities in Vietnam In Vietnam, there are 6 types of urban areas:

urban area (2 municipalities): Hanoi
and Ho Chi Minh City Type I urban area (12 provincial cities and 3 municipalities): Thanh Hóa, Hạ Long, Việt Trì, Thái Nguyên, Nam Định, Vũng Tàu, Buôn Ma Thuột, Đà Lạt, Quy Nhơn, Nha Trang, Huế, Vinh, Cần Thơ, Đà Nẵng
Đà Nẵng
and Hải Phòng Type II urban area (21 provincial cities and 1 district): Đồng Hới, Uông Bí, Bắc Giang, Bắc Ninh, Ninh Bình, Bạc Liêu, Bà Rịa, Thái Bình, Rạch Giá, Cà Mau, Long Xuyên, Mỹ Tho, Phan Rang - Tháp Chàm, Tuy Hòa, Phan Thiết, Pleiku, Thủ Dầu Một, Biên Hòa, Hải Dương, Vĩnh Yên, Lào Cai
Lào Cai
and Phú Quốc Type III urban area (31 provincial cities and 12 towns) Type IV urban area (35 towns and 35 townships) Type V urban area (586 townships and 54 communes)


v t e

Largest cities or towns in Vietnam 2015 estimate

Rank Name Province Pop.

Hồ Chí Minh City

Hà Nội 1 Hồ Chí Minh City Municipalities of Vietnam 8,244,400

Hải Phòng

Cần Thơ

2 Hà Nội Municipalities of Vietnam 7,379,300

3 Hải Phòng Municipalities of Vietnam 1,946,000

4 Cần Thơ Municipalities of Vietnam 1,238,300

5 Biên Hòa Đồng Nai 1,104,495

6 Đà Nẵng Municipalities of Vietnam 1,007,700

7 Nha Trang Khánh Hòa 393,218

8 Buôn Ma Thuột Đắk Lắk 350,000

9 Huế Thừa Thiên-Huế 337,554

10 Vinh Nghệ An 330,000

See also[edit]

Developed environments

Central business district Exurban Ghetto Global city

Architecture Rapid transit Urban biosphere reserve Urban climatology Urban culture Urban decay Urban heat island Urban renewal


List of metro systems List of urban areas by population Largest urban areas of the European Union List of cities in the People's Republic of China
by urban population List of United States urban areas List of conurbations in the United Kingdom List of urban areas in Norway
by population List of urban areas in the Nordic countries List of the 100 largest urban areas in Canada
by population List of urban areas in Denmark by population List of New Zealand
New Zealand
urban areas


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2000 Geographic Terms and Concepts – Figure A–3. Census
Regions, Census
Divisions, and Their Constituent States" (PDF). U.S. Census
Bureau. 2000. p. 27. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 14, 2007. Retrieved February 25, 2017.  ^ "Estimates of Resident Population Change and Rankings: July 1, 2015 to July 1, 2016 - United States -- Metropolitan Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico". United States Census
Bureau, Population Division. March 2017. Retrieved October 13, 2017. 

External links[edit]

United Nations Statistics Division (UNSTAT): Definition of "urban" World Urban Areas All identified world urbanized areas 500,000+ and others: Population & Density. Geopolis: research group, University of Paris-Diderot, France
for world urban areas Gridded Population of the World – contains links to urban area definitions and maps for over 230 countries/territories City
– The World's Largest Urban Areas in 2006 City
– The World's Largest Urban Areas Projected for 2020 PopulationData – World's largest urban areas 1,000,000+ population

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Designations for types of administrative territorial entities

English terms

Common English terms1


Insular area Local government area Protected area Special
area Statistical area

Combined statistical area Metropolitan statistical area Micropolitan statistical area

Urban area




borough Metropolitan borough


Federal capital Imperial capital


state Autonomous city Charter city Independent city Incorporated city Imperial city Free imperial city Royal free city


Autonomous community Residential community


Administrative county Autonomous county Consolidated city-county Metropolitan county




Overseas country


Overseas department


Capital district City
district Congressional district Electoral district Federal district Indian government district Land district Metropolitan district

Non-metropolitan district

Military district Municipal district Police district Regional district Rural district Sanitary district Subdistrict Urban district Special


division Police division Subdivision


municipality County

Norway Nova Scotia Regional county municipality

Direct-controlled municipality District
municipality Mountain resort municipality Neutral municipality Regional municipality Resort municipality Rural municipality Specialized municipality


Autonomous prefecture Subprefecture Super-prefecture Praetorian prefecture


Autonomous province Overseas province Roman province


Administrative region Autonomous region Capital region Development region Economic region Mesoregion Microregion Overseas region Planning region Special
administrative region Statistical region Subregion


Biosphere reserve Ecological reserve Game reserve Indian reserve Nature reserve


Federal state Free state Sovereign state


Capital territory

Federal capital territory

Dependent territory Federal territory Military territory Organized incorporated territory Overseas territory Union territory Unorganized territory


town Market town


Charter township Civil township Paper township Survey township Urban township


Autonomous territorial unit Local administrative unit Municipal unit Regional unit


Economic zone

Exclusive economic zone Free economic zone Special
economic zone

Free-trade zone Neutral zone Self-administered zone

Other English terms


Alpine resort Bailiwick Banner


Block Cadastre Circle Circuit Colony Commune Condominium Constituency Duchy Eldership Emirate Federal dependency Governorate Hamlet Ilkhanate Indian reservation Manor


Muftiate Neighbourhood Parish Periphery Precinct Principality Protectorate Quarter Regency Autonomous republic Riding Sector


Shire Sultanate Suzerainty Townland Village

Administrative Summer



Agency Barony Burgh Exarchate Hide Hundred Imperial Circle March Monthon Presidency Residency Roman diocese Seat Tenth Tithing

Non-English or loanwords


Amt Bakhsh Barangay Bezirk Regierungsbezirk Comune Frazione Fu Gemeinde Județ Kunta / kommun

Finland Sweden

Län Località Megye Muban Oblast


Okrug Ostān Poblacion Purok Shahrestān Sum Sýsla Tehsil Vingtaine


Commote Gau Heerlijkheid Köping Maalaiskunta Nome

Egypt Greece

Pagus Pargana Plasă Satrapy Socken Subah Syssel Zhou

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terms for country subdivisions


Muhafazah (محافظة governorate) Wilayah (ولاية province) Mintaqah (منطقة region) Mudiriyah (مديرية directorate) Imarah (إمارة emirate) Baladiyah (بلدية municipality) Shabiyah (شعبية "popularate")

Second / third-level

Mintaqah (منطقة region) Qadaa (قضاء district) Nahiyah (ناحية subdistrict) Markaz (مركز district) Mutamadiyah (معتمدية "delegation") Daerah/Daïra (دائرة circle) Liwa (لواء banner / sanjak)

City / township-level

Amanah (أمانة municipality) Baladiyah (بلدية municipality) Ḥai (حي neighborhood / quarter) Mahallah (محلة) Qarya (قرية) Sheyakhah (شياخة "neighborhood subdivision")

English translations given are those most commonly used.

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French terms for country subdivisions

arrondissement département préfecture subprefectures

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Greek terms for country subdivisions


apokentromenes dioikiseis / geniki dioikisis§ / diamerisma§ / periphereia nomos§ / periphereiaki enotita demos / eparchia§ / koinotita§


archontia/archontaton bandon demos despotaton dioikesis doukaton droungos eparchia exarchaton katepanikion kephalatikion kleisoura meris naukrareia satrapeia strategis thema toparchia tourma

§ signifies a defunct institution

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Portuguese terms for country subdivisions

Regional subdivisions

Estado Distrito federal Província Região Distrito Comarca Capitania

Local subdivisions

Município Concelho Freguesia Comuna Circunscrição


Cidade Vila Aldeia Bairro Lugar

Historical subdivisions in italics.

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Slavic terms for country subdivisions


dzielnica gmina krai kraj krajina / pokrajina městys obec oblast / oblast' / oblasti / oblys / obwód / voblast' okręg okres okrug opština / općina / občina / obshtina osiedle powiat / povit raion selsoviet / silrada sołectwo voivodeship / vojvodina županija


darugha gromada guberniya / gubernia jurydyka khutor obshchina okolia opole pogost prowincja sorok srez starostwo / starostva uyezd volost ziemia župa

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Spanish terms for country subdivisions

National, Federal

Comunidad autónoma Departamento Distrito federal Estado Provincia Región

Regional, Metropolitan

Cantón Comarca Comuna Corregimiento Delegación Distrito Mancomunidad Merindad Municipalidad Municipio Parroquia

Ecuador Spain

Urban, Rural

Aldea Alquería Anteiglesia Asentamiento

Asentamiento informal Pueblos jóvenes

Barrio Campamento Caserío Ciudad

Ciudad autónoma

Colonia Lugar Masía Pedanía Población Ranchería Sitio Vereda Villa Village

Historical subdivisions in italics.

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Turkish terms for country subdivisions


il (province) ilçe (district) şehir (city) kasaba (town) belediye (municipality) belde (community) köy (village) mahalle (neighbourhood/quarter)


ağalık (feudal district) bucak (subdistrict) beylerbeylik (province) kadılık (subprovince) kaza (sub-province) hidivlik (viceroyalty) mutasarrıflık (subprovince) nahiye (nahiyah) paşalık (province) reya (Romanian principalities) sancak (prefecture) vilayet (province) voyvodalık (Romanian provinces)

1 Used by ten or more countries or having derived terms. Historical derivations in italics. See also: Census
division, Electoral district, Political division, and List of administrative di