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Uran
Nodal Town of Navi Mumbai
Uran is located in Maharashtra
Uran
Uran
Coordinates: 18°53′N 72°57′E / 18.89°N 72.95°E / 18.89; 72.95Coordinates: 18°53′N 72°57′E / 18.89°N 72.95°E / 18.89; 72.95
Country<pUran is a coastal town and part of Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra state in Konkan division. It lies in the Raigad district, east of Mumbai across the Dharamtar Creek. Uran is primarily a fishing and agriculture village, which has developed into the special economic zone of Uran. The primary languages spoken are Agri and Koli[disambiguation needed] which is a dialect of Marathi-Kokani.

History

The city name is derived from the Hindu goddess Uranavati. It was called Uruvan during the rule of Madhavrao I, the fourth Peshwa of the Maratha Empire. Later, the area was named Uran by the Portuguese and Ooran by the British.[2]

Many Indian dynasties have ruled the area. In early history, these included the Maurya Empire, Sātavāhana Empire, Western Kshatrapas, Vākāṭaka Empire, Chalukyas, and Yadavas.[2][3][4]

The area around Mumbai was under Portuguese and British rule in the 16th to 19th centuries.[2]

Uran was subject to the Maratha princely states in the Maharashtra. Uran was once the base of the famous Maratha Sarkhel (Admiral) Kanhoji Angre,[5] who battled European naval interests in the 18th century.

Geography

Uran is located at 18°53′N 72°56′E / 18.88°N 72.94°E / 18.88; 72.94.[6] Uran is at an average elevation of 21 metres (69 ft).

On the tip of a peninsula, Uran district is surrounded by sea on three sides. The town of Uran itself is centrally located on the peninsula, flanked by Karanja village to the south and Mora village and port to the north.

Uran is home to extensive salt pans, part of a long-standing network of salt manufacturing around Mumbai.[7] The land has been under redevelopment pressure.[8]

The Uran wetlands were once home to many species of birds and reptiles, some critically endangered. The wetlands were developed in 2009 and 2010, leaving only the Panje-Dongri wetlands.[9]

Dronagiri mandir Karanja
Khopate Uran

Economy

ONGC Oil and Gas Processing Platform in the Bombay High oilfield
Jaskhar village fair at night
Jaskhar Fair at night in the month of April

The main occupation in Uran is fishing; 80% of the fish production of Mumbai comes from fishermen based out of the Uran district, especially the villages of Karanja and Mora.

The second major occupation is farming. Uran contributes to the production of rice in the Raigad district. Raigad is the second largest district in terms of rice production in India.

Shipping, Hindu goddess Uranavati. It was called Uruvan during the rule of Madhavrao I, the fourth Peshwa of the Maratha Empire. Later, the area was named Uran by the Portuguese and Ooran by the British.[2]

Many Indian dynasties have ruled the area. In early history, these included the Maurya Empire, Sātavāhana Empire, Western Kshatrapas, Vākāṭaka Empire, Chalukyas, and Yadavas.[2][3][4]

The area around Mumbai was under Portuguese and British rule in the 16th to 19th centuries.[2]

Uran was subject to the Maratha princely states in the Maharashtra. Uran was once the base of the famous Maratha Sarkhel (Admiral) Kanhoji Angre,[5] who battled European naval interests in the 18th century.

Geography

Uran is growing. In the 2001 India census, Uran had a population of 23,254;[13] this had increased by the 2011 census to 30,439.[1] Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. In Uran, 10–11% of the po

The second major occupation is farming. Uran contributes to the production of rice in the Raigad district. Raigad is the second largest district in terms of rice production in India.

Shipping, shipbuilding, and port support are major economic factors in Uran district. Jawaharlal Nehru Port (JNPT) is the largest container terminal in India.[10] Other container terminals in the Uran district include APM Terminals (formerly GTI) and DP World (formerly the British Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company). Salt pan owners revolted against the government decision to build a seaport,[when?] but the port has proved to be the main source of income to residents and nearby villages, as major projects and warehouses have opened nearby.

The Indian Navy maintains a naval base near Mora. Due to Security reasons sea travel restrictions is imposed by the Indian Navy .

The Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) has a plant nearby. GTPS-MSEB is Asia's first power plant run by natural gas.

Other industrial and manufacturing employers Grindwell Norton Limited,[11] NAD, and the Skols Brewery (closed in 2005[12]).

Uran is growing. In the 2001 India census, Uran had a population of 23,254;[13] this had increased by the 2011 census to 30,439.[1] Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. In Uran, 10–11% of the population is 6 years of age or younger.[1][13]

Uran's average literacy rate is also rising, from 79% in 2001 to 82% in 2011.[1][13] Female li

Uran's average literacy rate is also rising, from 79% in 2001 to 82% in 2011.[1][13] Female literacy lags behind male literacy: male literacy was 83% in 2001 and 85% in 2011, and female literacy was 75% in 2001 and 79% in 2011.[1][13] India's national literacy average is 59.5%.

College:

Veer Wajekar ASC College Phunde[14]

Culture

Places of worship

Veer tukaram hari wajekar

  1. ^ a b c d e "Maharashtra: Raigarh: Uran: Uran: Uran TOWN". Census of India. Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2011. Retrieved 12 March 2015.
  2. ^ a b c "History of Uran". JourneyMart.com.Veer tukaram hari wajekar

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