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Urayur is an area of Tiruchirapalli
Tiruchirapalli
in Tamil Nadu, India. It was the capital of the early Cholas, who were one of the three main kingdoms of the ancient Tamil country. Sometimes spelled as Uraiyur, this location is also known as Thirukkozhi, Nikalaapuri, Uranthai, and Kozhiyur. It has a history dating back to before 2 BCE. There is definite mention of the Cholas, whose founder was Vijayalaya and their capital in Ashokan inscriptions in Orissa pushing back the antiquity of the Cholas
Cholas
as well as Uraiyur
Uraiyur
to 272–232 BCE, which was the period of Ashoka
Ashoka
(ca. 304–232 BCE) who was ruler of the Maurya Dynasty of Pataliputra
Pataliputra
(modern Patna). Inscriptions and rock edicts of Ashoka
Ashoka
and the Satavahanas describe Urayur as "the citadel and centre of the Cholas". Uraiyur
Uraiyur
was ruled by Karikala
Karikala
Cholan.

Contents

1 History 2 Temples 3 Notes 4 References

History[edit] Uraiyur
Uraiyur
is also mentioned as the capital of the ancient great Chola King Karikalan before the 1st century CE until the dynasty was revived by Vijayalaya Chola
Vijayalaya Chola
c. 850 CE. The Cholas
Cholas
were one of the four great Tamil dynasties; (Pallavas, Cheras and Pandyas
Pandyas
are the other three) who ruled over the Tamil country in South India, the Konkan coast, Deccan Plateau and during the peak reached beyond the Narmada up to the Ganges – Damodar delta from early antiquity. The word Urayur in Tamil literally means "the residence". Urayur was an ancient Chola city with a fortress and city wall on the southern banks of the river Kaveri. The Imperial Cholas
Cholas
of the 9th century CE and later made Tanjavur
Tanjavur
their capital, and Urayur slowly lost its place in the Chola administration.After Cholas
Cholas
period, it came under the rule of krishna kumar "puyal". The reason why it is also known as Kozhiyur is due to the legend of a cockerel attacking the elephant of the king. He was taken aback for a moment but then decided to build his empire around that place after he realized the cause for the boldness was the soil. Temples[edit] Several notable temples are situated here:

Thanthoneeswarar Temple Panchavarnaswamy Temple Sri Azhagiya Manavala Perumal Temple Vekkali Amman Temple[1]

Notes[edit]

^ V., Ganapathy (4 November 2004). "Siva temple of yore". The Hindu. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 

References[edit]

Nilakanta Sastri, K.A. (1935). The CōĻas, University of Madras, Madras (Reprinted 1984).

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Tiruchirappalli

History

Early Cholas Kalabhras Pallavas Medieval Cholas Later Cholas Later Pandyas Invasion of Malik Kafur Madurai Sultanate Vijayanagar Empire Madurai Nayaks Siege of Trichinopoly (1741) Siege of Trichinopoly (1743) Second Carnatic War
Second Carnatic War
(Siege of Trichinopoly (1751–1752) Battle of Golden Rock Battle of Seringham 1928 South Indian Railway Strike World War I Memorial

Geography and Architecture

Geography of Tiruchirappalli Chokkanatha Nayak Palace Grand Anaicut Srirangam
Srirangam
Island Trichinopoly Group Upper Anaicut

Zones

Abhishekapuram Ariyamangalam Golden Rock Srirangam

Neighbourhoods and suburbs

Abhishekapuram Alathur Anna Nagar Arasangudy Ariyamangalam Asur Beema Nagar Bikshandarkoil Cantonment Chintamani Crawford Devadhanam Dheeran Nagar Edamalaipatti Pudur Elandapatti Ellakudy Gitapuram Golden Rock Irungalur Kailasapuram Kallakuzhi Kambarasampettai Kandalur Karumandapam Kaveri
Kaveri
Nagar Khajamalai Kilakalkandarkottai Kilamullakudy Kiliyur Koothappar Krishnasamudram Kumaravayalur Kumbakudy Kuvalakkudy K. K. Nagar Mambazha Salai Manachanallur Mannarpuram Melur Natarajapuram Navalpattu Palakkarai Panayakurichy Panjapur Pappankurichi Pathalapattai Ponnagar Piratiyur Puthur Raghavendrapuram Samayapuram Sangiliyandapuram Senthaneerpuram Singarathope Srinivasa Nagar Srirangam Tennur Teppakulam Tharanallur Thillai Nagar Thiruvalarsolai Thiruvanaikaval Thiruverumbur Thuvakudi Tollgate Uraiyur Uttamar Kovil Uyyakondan Thirumalai Varahaneri

Transport

Road

Chatram Bus Stand Central Bus Stand

Rail

Tiruchirappalli railway division
Tiruchirappalli railway division
(List of Railway stations) Tiruchirappalli Monorail (Proposed)

Air

Tiruchirappalli Airport

Educational institutions

Anna University Chennai – Regional Office, Tiruchirappalli Bharathidasan Institute of Management Bishop Heber College Government College of Engineering, Srirangam Government Law College, Tiruchirapalli Indian Institute of Information Technology Tiruchirappalli Indian Institute of Management Tiruchirappalli Jamal Mohamed College J. J. College of Engineering and Technology Mookambigai College of Engineering National College, Tiruchirapalli National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli St. Joseph's College, Tiruchirapalli Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
National Law School

Hospitals

Ponmalai railway hospital

Places of worship

Temples

Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, Srirangam Samayapuram Mariamman Temple Thayumanavar Temple, Rockfort Rockfort Ucchi Pillayar Temple Jambukeswarar Temple, Thiruvanaikaval Sri Azhagiya Manavala Perumal Temple Uthamar Kovil Subramaniya Swamy Temple, Kumaravayalur Erumbeeswarar Temple, Thiruverumbur Vekkali Amman Temple Panchavarnaswamy Temple Nandrudayan Vinayaka Temple Kattu Narasimhaperumal Temple, Srirangam

Churches

Basilica of the Holy Redeemer Christ Church Our Lady of Lourdes Church

Mosques

Nadirshah Mosque

Sport

Anna Stadium Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium

Culture

Aadi Perukku Carnatic music Gem cutting Jallikattu Poochoriyal Samayapuram float festival Trichinopoly cigar Vaikunta Ekadashi Central Tamil

Economy

BHEL Gandhi Market Golden Rock Railway Workshop Golden Rock Shandy Heavy Alloy Penetrator Project OFT Swamy Jewellery

Politics

Legislative Assembly constituencies

Srirangam Thiruverumbur Tiruchirappalli East Tiruchirappalli West

Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
constituencies

Tiruchirappalli

Other topics: List of people fr

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