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URAYUR (Tamil : உறையூர்) is an area of Tiruchirapalli in Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
, India. It was the capital of the early Cholas
Cholas
, who were one of the three main kingdoms of the ancient Tamil country . Sometimes spelled as URAIYUR, this location is also known as THIRUKKOZHI, NIKALAAPURI, URANTHAI, and KOZHIYUR. It has a history dating back to before 2 BCE
BCE
. There is definite mention of the Cholas, whose founder was Vijayalaya and their capital in Ashokan inscriptions in Orissa pushing back the antiquity of the Cholas
Cholas
as well as Uraiyur to 272–232 BCE, which was the period of Ashoka
Ashoka
(ca. 304–232 BCE) who was ruler of the Maurya Dynasty
Maurya Dynasty
of Pataliputra
Pataliputra
(modern Patna
Patna
). Inscriptions and rock edicts of Ashoka
Ashoka
and the Satavahanas describe Urayur as "the citadel and centre of the Cholas". Uraiyur
Uraiyur
was ruled by Karikala
Karikala
Cholan.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Temples * 3 Notes * 4 References

HISTORY

Uraiyur
Uraiyur
is also mentioned as the capital of the ancient great Chola King Karikalan before the 1st century CE until the dynasty was revived by Vijayalaya Chola
Vijayalaya Chola
c. 850 CE. The Cholas
Cholas
were one of the four great Tamil dynasties; ( Pallavas
Pallavas
, Cheras and Pandyas
Pandyas
are the other three) who ruled over the Tamil country in South India
India
, the Konkan coast, Deccan Plateau and during the peak reached beyond the Narmada up to the Ganges–Damodar delta from early antiquity.

The word Urayur in Tamil literally means "the residence". Urayur was an ancient Chola city with a fortress and city wall on the southern banks of the river Kaveri
Kaveri
. The Imperial Cholas
Cholas
of the 9th century CE and later made Tanjavur their capital, and Urayur slowly lost its place in the Chola administration.

The reason why it is also known as Kozhiyur is due to the legend of a cock attacking the elephant of the king. He was taken aback for a moment but then decided to build his empire around that place after he realized the cause for the boldness was the soil.

TEMPLES

Several notable temples are situated here:

* Thanthoneeswarar Temple * Panchavarnaswamy Temple * Sri Azhagiya Manavala Perumal Temple * Vekkali Amman Temple

NOTES

* ^ V., Ganapathy (4 November 2004). "Siva temple of yore". The Hindu. Retrieved 2013-09-09.

REFERENCES

* Nilakanta Sastri, K.A. (1935). The CōĻas, University of Madras, Madras (Reprinted 1984).

* v * t * e

Tiruchirappalli

HISTORY

* Early Cholas
Early Cholas
* Kalabhras
Kalabhras
* Pallavas
Pallavas
* Medieval Cholas
Medieval Cholas
* Later Cholas
Later Cholas
* Later Pandyas
Pandyas
* Invasion of Malik Kafur
Malik Kafur
* Madurai Sultanate
Madurai Sultanate
* Vijayanagar Empire
Vijayanagar Empire
* Madurai Nayaks * Siege of Trichinopoly (1741) * Siege of Trichinopoly (1743) * Second Carnatic War ( Siege of Trichinopoly (1751–1752) * Battle of Golden Rock * Battle of Seringham ) * 1928 South Indian Railway Strike * World War I Memorial

Geography and Architecture

* Geography of Tiruchirappalli * Chokkanatha Nayak Palace
Chokkanatha Nayak Palace
* Grand Anaicut
Grand Anaicut
* Srirangam Island * Trichinopoly Group * Upper Anaicut
Upper Anaicut

ZONES

* Abhishekapuram * Ariyamangalam * Golden Rock * Srirangam
Srirangam

Neighbourhoods and suburbs

* Abhishekapuram * Alathur * Anna Nagar * Arasangudy * Ariyamangalam * Asur * Beema Nagar * Bikshandarkoil * Cantonment * Chintamani * Crawford * Devadhanam * Dheeran Nagar * Edamalaipatti Pudur
Edamalaipatti Pudur
* Elandapatti * Ellakudy * Gitapuram * Golden Rock * Irungalur * Kailasapuram * Kallakuzhi * Kambarasampettai * Kandalur * Karumandapam * Kaveri
Kaveri
Nagar * Khajamalai * Kilakalkandarkottai * Kilamullakudy * Kiliyur * Koothappar * Krishnasamudram * Kumaravayalur * Kumbakudy * Kuvalakkudy * K. K. Nagar * Mambazha Salai * Manachanallur * Mannarpuram * Melur * Natarajapuram * Navalpattu * Palakkarai
Palakkarai
* Panayakurichy * Panjapur * Pappankurichi * Pathalapattai * Ponnagar * Piratiyur * Puthur * Raghavendrapuram * Samayapuram * Sangiliyandapuram * Senthaneerpuram * Singarathope * Srinivasa Nagar * Srirangam
Srirangam
* Tennur * Teppakulam * Tharanallur * Thillai Nagar * Thiruvalarsolai * Thiruvanaikaval * Thiruverumbur
Thiruverumbur
* Thuvakudi * Tollgate * Uraiyur * Uttamar Kovil * Uyyakondan Thirumalai * Varahaneri

TRANSPORT

ROAD

* Chatram Bus Stand * Central Bus Stand
Central Bus Stand

RAIL

* Tiruchirappalli railway division
Tiruchirappalli railway division
(List of Railway stations ) * Tiruchirappalli Monorail (Proposed)

AIR

* Tiruchirappalli Airport

Educational institutions

* Bharathidasan Institute of Management * Bishop Heber College * Government Law College, Tiruchirapalli
Tiruchirapalli
* Indian Institute of Management Tiruchirappalli
Indian Institute of Management Tiruchirappalli
* Jamal Mohamed College * J. J. College of Engineering and Technology * Mookambigai College of Engineering * National College, Tiruchirapalli
Tiruchirapalli
* National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli * St. Joseph\'s College, Tiruchirapalli
Tiruchirapalli

HOSPITALS

* Ponmalai railway hospital

Places of worship

TEMPLES

* Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, Srirangam
Srirangam
* Samayapuram Mariamman Temple * Thayumanavar Temple, Rockfort * Rockfort Ucchi Pillayar Temple * Jambukeswarar Temple, Thiruvanaikaval * Sri Azhagiya Manavala Perumal Temple * Uthamar Kovil * Subramaniya Swamy Temple, Kumaravayalur * Erumbeeswarar Temple, Thiruverumbur
Thiruverumbur
* Vekkali Amman Temple * Panchavarnaswamy Temple * Nandrudayan Vinayaka Temple * Kattu Narasimhaperumal Temple, Srirangam
Srirangam

CHURCHES

* Basilica of the Holy Redeemer * Christ Church * Our Lady of Lourdes Church

MOSQUES

* Nadirshah Mosque

SPORT

* Anna Stadium * Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium

CULTURE

* Aadi Perukku * Carnatic music
Carnatic music
* Gem cutting * Jallikattu
Jallikattu
* Poochoriyal * Samayapuram float festival * Trichinopoly cigar * Vaikunta Ekadashi
Vaikunta Ekadashi
* Central Tamil

ECONOMY

* BHEL
BHEL
* Gandhi Market * Golden Rock Railway Workshop
Golden Rock Railway Workshop
* Golden Rock Shandy * Heavy Alloy Penetrator Project * OFT * Swamy Jewellery

POLITICS

LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY CONSTITUENCIES

* Srirangam
Srirangam
* Thiruverumbur
Thiruverumbur
* Tiruchirappalli East * Tiruchirappalli West

LOK SABHA CONSTITUENCIES

* Tiruchirappalli

Other topics: List of people from Tiruchi

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