* 1 Main sights * 2 History * 3 Districts * 4 Population * 5 References * 6 External links
Walhalla in 2015
Major tourist attractions include the former ducal residences Regensburg with the Walhalla nearby and Amberg , the city of Weiden and Waldsassen Abbey . Scenic attractions include the river Danube and the Upper Palatine Forest .
At the beginning of the High Middle Ages the region now known as the Upper Palatinate was part of the Bavarian March of the Nordgau . The region took its current name no earlier than the early 14th century.
From the mid 13th century much of the region was controlled by the Wittelsbach dynasty and until 1329 was ruled by the Wittelsbach Elector Palatine as part of the larger County Palatine of the Rhine (German: _Pfalzgrafschaft bei Rhein_). By the 1329 Treaty of Pavia , the Wittelsbach territories were divided between two branches of the dynasty. The territory around the Rhine river in the west became known as the Rhenish Palatinate (German: _Rheinpfalz_) or Lower Palatinate, and is today usually known simply as the Palatinate (German: _Pfalz_); it is from this territory that the modern German state of Rhineland-Palatinate derives its name. By contrast, the territory to the east centred Amberg became known as the Upper Palatinate (German: _Oberpfalz_), upper and lower in this case referring to the elevation of the territories (compare Low and High German , Upper and Lower Lusatia , Upper and Lower Lorraine , Low Countries , Lower Saxony ).
Cadet branches of the Wittelsbach dynasty also ruled over smaller territories in Neuburg and Sulzbach . As a result of the Elector Palatine Frederick V 's abortive claim to the Bohemian throne in 1619–1620, the Upper Palatinate, along with the rest of his lands, were declared forfeit to the Emperor and, along with the Electoral title, given to the Duke of Bavaria . Although the Lower Palatinate was restored to Frederick's son by the Peace of Westphalia in 1648, the