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The Upper Palatinate
Upper Palatinate
(German: Oberpfalz) is one of the seven administrative districts of Bavaria, Germany, located in the east of Bavaria.

Contents

1 Geography 2 History 3 Districts 4 Population 5 Main sights 6 References 7 External links

Geography[edit] The Upper Palatinate
Upper Palatinate
is a landscape with low mountains and numerous ponds and lakes in its lowland regions. By contrast with other regions of Germany
Germany
it is more rural in character and more sparsely settled. It borders (clockwise from the north) on Upper Franconia, Czechia, Lower Bavaria, Upper Bavaria
Bavaria
and Middle Franconia. Notable regions are:

Stiftland, former estate and territorial lordship of Waldsassen
Waldsassen
Abbey with the market town of Konnersreuth, Fockenfeld Abbey, the town of Waldsassen
Waldsassen
and about 150 other villages. Upper Palatine Forest
Upper Palatine Forest
with deep valleys and many castles Upper Palatine Lake
Lake
District with the Steinberger See Upper Palatine Jura, part of the Franconian Jura Steinwald
Steinwald
including the Teichelberg
Teichelberg
and Pechbrunn Waldnaab/Wondreb Depression Bavarian Forest, together with the Bohemian Forest
Bohemian Forest
a large-scale protected area. A rock outcrop west of the summit cross of the Großer Arber (1,455.5 m above sea level (NHN)) is 1,439.6 m, the highest point in Upper Palatinate. Kunisch Mountains Naab
Naab
valley Vils valley Danube
Danube
valley, western part of the Gäuboden[2] Lower Bavarian Hills
Lower Bavarian Hills
south of the Danube

History[edit] At the beginning of the High Middle Ages
High Middle Ages
the region now known as the Upper Palatinate
Upper Palatinate
was part of the Bavarian March of the Nordgau. The region took its current name no earlier than the early 14th century. From the mid 13th century much of the region was controlled by the Wittelsbach
Wittelsbach
dynasty and until 1329 was ruled by the Wittelsbach Elector Palatine as part of the larger County Palatine of the Rhine (German: Pfalzgrafschaft bei Rhein). By the 1329 Treaty of Pavia, the Wittelsbach
Wittelsbach
territories were divided between two branches of the dynasty. The territory around the Rhine river in the west became known as the Rhenish Palatinate (German: Rheinpfalz) or Lower Palatinate, and is today usually known simply as the Palatinate (German: Pfalz); it is from this territory that the modern German state of Rhineland-Palatinate
Rhineland-Palatinate
derives its name. By contrast, the territory to the east centred Amberg
Amberg
became known as the Upper Palatinate
Upper Palatinate
(German: Oberpfalz), upper and lower in this case referring to the elevation of the territories (compare Low and High German, Upper and Lower Lusatia, Upper and Lower Lorraine, Low Countries, Lower Saxony). Cadet branches of the Wittelsbach
Wittelsbach
dynasty also ruled over smaller territories in Neuburg and Sulzbach. As a result of the Elector Palatine Frederick V's abortive claim to the Bohemian throne in 1619–1620, the Upper Palatinate, along with the rest of his lands, were declared forfeit to the Emperor and, along with the Electoral title, given to the Duke of Bavaria. Although the Lower Palatinate was restored to Frederick's son by the Peace of Westphalia
Peace of Westphalia
in 1648, the Upper Palatinate
Upper Palatinate
remained under the Elector of Bavaria, and has remained a part of Bavaria
Bavaria
ever since. The smaller territories of Sulzbach and Neuburg came to Bavaria
Bavaria
in 1777 when Charles Theodore, Elector of Bavaria
Bavaria
inherited the Bavarian lands of his Wittelsbach cousin Maximilian III Joseph, Elector of Bavaria. The city of Regensburg, an Imperial Free City, was not joined with the rest of the region until the end of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
in 1806 and the end of the short-lived Principality of Regensburg
Regensburg
under Carl von Dalberg, which existed from 1803 to 1810. After the founding of the Kingdom of Bavaria
Bavaria
the state was totally reorganised and, in 1808, divided into 15 administrative districts (German: Regierungsbezirke; singular Regierungsbezirk), in Bavaria called Kreise (literally "Circles", singular: Kreis). They were created in the fashion of the French departments, quite even in size and population, and named after their main rivers. In the following years, due to territorial changes (e.g. the loss of Tyrol, the addition of the Palatinate), the number of Kreise in the kingdom was reduced to 8. One of these was the Regenkreis
Regenkreis
( Regen
Regen
District). In 1837 king Ludwig I of Bavaria
Bavaria
renamed the Kreise after historical territorial names and tribes of the area. This also involved some border changes or territorial swaps. Thus the district name of Regenkreis
Regenkreis
changed to Upper Palatinate. The development of railroads in the area is covered in the book Eisenbahn in der Oberpfalz.[3] Districts[edit]

Landkreise (districts):

Amberg-Sulzbach Cham Neumarkt Neustadt (Waldnaab) Regensburg Schwandorf Tirschenreuth

Kreisfreie Städte (district-free towns):

Amberg Regensburg Weiden in der Oberpfalz

Population[edit] Historical Population of Upper Palatinate:

1900: 553,841 1910: 600,284 1939: 694,742 1950: 906,822 1961: 898,580 1970: 963,833 1987: 969,868 2002: 1,088,929 2005: 1,089,543 2006: 1,087,939 2008: 1,085,216 2010: 1,081,206

Main sights[edit]

Walhalla in 2015

Trinity church of Kappl

Maria-Hilf

Major tourist attractions include the former ducal residences Regensburg
Regensburg
with the Walhalla nearby and Amberg, the city of Weiden and Waldsassen Abbey
Waldsassen Abbey
including the Kappl Trinity church nearby. Scenic attractions include the river Danube
Danube
and the Upper Palatine Forest. A sight is also the town of Neumarkt and the pilgrim church of Maria Hilf in Freystadt
Freystadt
nearby. References[edit]

^ "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). January 2018.  ^ https://www.bfn.de/landschaften/steckbriefe/landschaft/show/6401.html?tx_lsprofile_pi1%5Bbundesland%5D=2&tx_lsprofile_pi1%5BbackPid%5D=13857&cHash=9af5cacb286cc8bf15b8b58958fb2a7f ^ Bufe, Siegfreid, "Eisenbahn in der Oberpfalz," (1979, Bufe-Fachbuch-Verlag). ISBN 3922138063.

External links[edit]

Official website (German) Official website of government (German, English, Czech) wiki-en.genealogy.net

v t e

Administrative regions (Regierungsbezirk) of Bavaria

Regions

Upper Bavaria Lower Bavaria Upper Palatinate Upper Franconia Middle Franconia Lower Franconia Swabia

Former region

Palatinate (Pfalz) (till 1945)

Coordinates: 49°18′N 12°12′E / 49.3°N 12.2°E / 49.3; 12.2

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 267383615 LCCN: n82024314 ISNI: 0000 0004 1791 2321 GND: 4042961-1 BNF:

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