Guinea is a geographical term used in several contexts:
Guinea (French: Haute-Guinée) is one of the four geographic
regions of the Republic of Guinea, being east of Futa Jalon, north of
Forest Guinea, and bordering Mali. The population of this region is
In a larger sense, it refers to a large plain covering eastern Guinea,
Liberia and extending into north western Côte d'Ivoire.
Mostly forming the upper watershed of the River Niger, it is sparsely
populated and is home to the Haut Niger National Park.
Guinea can also refer to the interior part of the wider Guinea
region, bordering the Sahel. The interior regions are largely defined
by the watersheds of rivers that arise from Fouta Djallon, including
the Niger, Senegal, Faleme and others. The term was widely applied
during the sixteenth to nineteenth centuries to describe a coastal
region and its related hinterland with which Europeans traded.
In biogeography, Upper
Guinea refers the region of tropical rainforest
extending from southwestern
Guinea through Sierra Leone, Liberia,
southeastern Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, and southwestern Ghana. The
Dahomey Gap, a drier region of Ghana, Togo, and Benin where the
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic extends to the Gulf of Guinea, separates
Guinea from the tropical rainforests of Lower
east. The Upper
Guinea forests are also recognized as an endemic
Upper Guinean forests
^ "Guinean Forests of West Africa." Conservation International.
Accessed November 12, 2012. 
Guinea rivers and streams" WWF. Accessed November 12, 2012
Guinea forests" Birdlife International. Accessed November 12,
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