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The Kingdom of UPPER BURGUNDY was a Frankish dominion established in 888 by the Welf king Rudolph I of Burgundy on the territory of former Middle Francia
Francia
. It grew out of the Carolingian margraviate of TRANSJURANE BURGUNDY (Transjurania, French : Bourgogne transjurane) southeast of ('beyond') the Jura Mountains
Jura Mountains
together with the adjacent County of Burgundy
County of Burgundy
( Franche-Comté
Franche-Comté
) in the northwest. The adjective 'upper' refers to its location further up the Rhône
Rhône
river, as distinct from Lower Burgundy
Lower Burgundy
(Cisjurane Burgundy and Provence
Provence
) and also from the Duchy of Burgundy
Duchy of Burgundy
west of the Saône
Saône
river. Upper Burgundy was reunited with the Kingdom of Lower Burgundy
Lower Burgundy
in 933, and eventually merged into the Imperial Kingdom of Arles
Kingdom of Arles
(Arelat).

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Kingdom of Lotharingia
Lotharingia
* 1.2 Kingdom of Upper Burgundy
Upper Burgundy

* 2 Rulers of Upper Burgundy
Upper Burgundy
* 3 See also

HISTORY

Main article: History of Burgundy

Transjurania originally was a duchy of the Carolingian Empire
Carolingian Empire
, covering the Central Plateau from the Jura Mountains
Jura Mountains
up to the Great St Bernard Pass in the Western Alps . It thereby roughly corresponded to western Switzerland
Switzerland
, i.e. the parts west of the Brünig-Napf-Reuss line , including the Romandy
Romandy
with the cities of Geneva
Geneva
, Lausanne
Lausanne
and Sion , as well as the cantons of Aargau
Aargau
, Berne and Valais
Valais
and adjacent parts of the French départements Haute-Savoie
Haute-Savoie
and Ain
Ain
, as well as the Aosta Valley
Aosta Valley
which today belongs to Italy. Together with the Burgundian comital estates around Besançon
Besançon
and Dole on the Doubs river northwest of the Jura range, the Transjurane territories became part of the short-lived Middle Frankish realm of Emperor Lothair I upon the 843 partition by the Treaty of Verdun .

KINGDOM OF LOTHARINGIA

855 partition of Prüm ------------------------- Kingdom of Lotharingia
Lotharingia
with Upper Burgundy, 855

Upon the second partition by the Treaty of Prüm
Treaty of Prüm
and Emperor Lothair's death in 855, his second son Lothair II
Lothair II
subsumed his portion of Upper Burgundy
Upper Burgundy
into his Middle Frankish kingdom of Lotharingia
Lotharingia
, while his younger brother Charles received Cisjurane Burgundy and the Kingdom of Provence. When Charles died in 863, Lothair II
Lothair II
also gained some northern districts of the deceased's kingdom. The Provence territory in the south passed to the eldest brother King Louis II of Italy .

The Transjurane duchy was then ruled by Hucbert , a scion of the Bosonid dynasty , the younger son of Count Boso the Elder of Arles
Arles
, and through his sister Teutberga brother-in-law to King Lothair II. Hucbert, however, fell out of favour after Lothair II
Lothair II
divorced Teutberga, was defeated at the Battle of Orbe
Orbe
in 864 and replaced by Count Conrad II of Auxerre from the Elder House of Welf
House of Welf
(Rudolfings), who from 866 ruled Transjurania as a margrave . When Lothair II
Lothair II
died without heirs in 869, his Lotharingian realm was divided into a West and East Frankish part between his uncles Charles the Bald
Charles the Bald
and Louis the German by the 870 Treaty of Meerssen
Treaty of Meerssen
.

Emperor Charles the Fat
Charles the Fat
, son of Louis the German, by 884 had once again reunited all Carolingian territories, except for the Lower Burgundian Kingdom of Provence
Provence
established by Boso of Vienne in 879. When Charles was deposed and died in 888, the Carolingian Empire collapsed. The nobles and leading clergy of Upper Burgundy
Upper Burgundy
assembled at the Abbey of St. Maurice, Agaunum and elected the Transjurane margrave Rudolph I , son of Conrad II, King of Burgundy.

KINGDOM OF UPPER BURGUNDY

At first, King Rudolph I tried to re-unite the Lotharingian realm of late Lothair II, but strong opposition by the East Frankish king Arnulf of Carinthia
Arnulf of Carinthia
forced him to focus on his territory of Transjurania and the western Franche-Comté
Franche-Comté
estates. Arnulf acknowledged Rudolph's rule in Upper Burgundy, but finally declared his illegitimate son Zwentibold
Zwentibold
King of Lotharingia
Lotharingia
in 895.

Rudolph was married with Guilla of Provence
Provence
(Willa), probably a daughter of the Lower Burgundian king Boso. After his death in 912, he was succeeded by his son Rudolph II . His widow secondly married Count Hugh of Arles
Arles
, who succeeded as King of Lower Burgundy
Lower Burgundy
in 924.

Rudolph II attempted to enlarge his realm by attacking the adjacent territories of the German stem duchy of Swabia in the northwest. He advanced towards the Upper Rhine
Upper Rhine
river and in 916 occupied the city of Basel
Basel
. However, he again lost the Swabian estates of Thurgau
Thurgau
and Zürichgau when he was defeated by the forces of Duke Burchard II in the 919 Battle of Winterthur
Winterthur
. To make peace, he married Burchard's daughter Bertha .

From, Rudolph II began to campaign in the Kingdom of Italy , allied with the rebellious margrave Adalbert I of Ivrea and defeated Emperor Berengar I at Fiorenzuola in 923. The next year, he was crowned Italian king. His rule was however contested by insurgent nobles, they summoned his stepfather, the Lower Burgundian king Hugh of Arles, who marched gaianst Italy. In the pressurised situation, Rudolph's father-in-law Duke Burchard II of Swabia hurried to help, but was killed at Novara
Novara
by the henchmen of Archbishop Lambert of Milan . Hugh had Rudolph expelled from Italy and gained the Iron Crown of Lombardy at Pavia
Pavia
in 926. Burgundy about 1200 ------------------------- Imperial Kingdom of Arles
Kingdom of Arles
Duchy of Burgundy
Duchy of Burgundy

In 933 Rudolph II finally came to terms with Hugh: he waived all claims to Italy and in return gained Hugh's Lower Burgundian kingdom of Arles, thus re-uniting the two territories. Under the rule of Rudolph's descendants from the Elder House of Welf
House of Welf
Conrad the Peaceful (937–993) and Rudolph III (993–1032), the united Burgundian kingdom became known as the Kingdom of Arles
Kingdom of Arles
(Arelat).

Upon the extinction of the Welf line in 1032, Burgundy was incorporated by Emperor Conrad II as the third constituent kingdom of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
, after Germany and Italy, having defied claims raised by Count Odo II of Blois . Thereupon the King of the Romans
King of the Romans
and Holy Roman Emperor
Holy Roman Emperor
assumed the title of a Burgundian king. The title of a Burgundian 'rectorate', referring to the former Transjuranian margraviate, was re-created for the Swabian ducal House of Zähringen by King Lothair II
Lothair II
of Germany in 1127.

RULERS OF UPPER BURGUNDY

See also: List of kings of Burgundy
List of kings of Burgundy

* Hucbert (?–864) * Conrad II, Duke of Transjurane Burgundy (864–876) * Rudolph I of Burgundy (876–912), king from 888 * Rudolph II of Burgundy
Rudolph II of Burgundy
(912–937), also King of Lower Burgundy from 933 * Conrad I of Burgundy (937–993), also King of Lower Burgundy * Rudolph III of Burgundy
Rudolph III of Burgundy
(993–1032), also King of Lower Burgundy

Line extinct, Burgundian kingdom united with the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire

SEE ALSO

* Burgundy (other) * Kingdom of Burgundy * Duchy of Burgundy
Duchy of Burgundy

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