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The Info List - Upper Bavaria (region)


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UPPER BAVARIA (German : Oberbayern) is one of the seven administrative districts of Bavaria
Bavaria
, Germany
Germany
.

CONTENTS

* 1 Geography * 2 Population * 3 History * 4 Main sights * 5 References * 6 External links

GEOGRAPHY

Upper Bavaria
Bavaria
is located in the southern portion of Bavaria
Bavaria
, and is centered on the city of Munich
Munich
, both state capital and seat of the district government. It is subdivided into four planning regions (Planungsverband): Ingolstadt, Munich, Bayerisches Oberland (Bavarian Highland), and Südostoberbayern (South East Upper Bavaria). It is named 'Upper Bavaria' because the land is higher above sea level than the rest of Bavaria, not because it is farther north.

Landkreise (districts):

* Altötting * Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen * Berchtesgadener Land
Berchtesgadener Land
* Dachau * Ebersberg * Eichstätt
Eichstätt
* Erding * Freising
Freising
* Fürstenfeldbruck * Garmisch-Partenkirchen * Landsberg * Miesbach * Mühldorf * Munich
Munich
(München) * Neuburg-Schrobenhausen * Pfaffenhofen * Rosenheim
Rosenheim
* Starnberg * Traunstein * Weilheim-Schongau

Kreisfreie Städte (district-free cities):

* Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
* Munich
Munich
(München) * Rosenheim
Rosenheim

POPULATION

Historical Population of Upper Bavaria:

YEAR INHABITANTS

1840 711,861

1871 865,178

1900 1,351,086

1925 1,727,483

1939 1,999,048

1950 2,541,896

1960 2,844,910

1970 3,372,700

1980 3,657,776

1990 3,801,448

2000 4,083,077

2010 4,373,588

HISTORY

The duchy of Upper Bavaria
Bavaria
was created for the first time with the First Bavarian partition in 1255 under duke Louis II but there was no exact correlation between this duchy and the current territory. After the reunification in 1340 Bavaria
Bavaria
was divided again in 1349, and in 1392 the duchies Bavaria- Munich
Munich
and Bavaria- Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
were created in Upper Bavaria. In 1505 Bavaria
Bavaria
was permanently reunited.

After the founding of the Kingdom of Bavaria
Bavaria
the state was totally reorganised and, in 1808, divided into 15 administrative districts (Regierungsbezirke (singular Regierungsbezirk)), in Bavaria
Bavaria
called (Kreise (singular Kreis)). They were created in the fashion of the French departements, quite even in size and population, and named after their main rivers. Instead of a Rentamt -style mere administrational unit, the newly created districts became predecessors of modern regional self-government, building a political and administrational link in-between the Bavarian state as a whole and the local authorities.

In the following years, due to territorial changes (e. g. loss of Tyrol, addition of the Palatinate ), the number of districts was reduced to 8. One of these was the Isarkreis (Isar District). In 1837 king Ludwig I of Bavaria
Bavaria
renamed the Kreise after historical names and tribes. This also involved minor border changes or territorial swaps. Thus, the name Isarkreis changed to Upper Bavaria.

MAIN SIGHTS

Watzmann
Watzmann
East Face, rising behind St. Batholomew\'s church at lake Königssee
Königssee

Featured former residence cities are the capital Munich, Ingolstadt and Neuburg an der Donau and the diocesan towns of Freising
Freising
and Eichstätt
Eichstätt
. Interesting townscapes have especially also Landsberg am Lech , Wasserburg am Inn
Wasserburg am Inn
and Burghausen .

The highest mountain in Upper Bavaria, Zugspitze
Zugspitze
, offers an incomparable panoramic view of the Alps. Nestled in forested mountain ranges, the lakes Tegernsee
Tegernsee
, Schliersee , and Spitzingsee
Spitzingsee
, are idyllically situated. The larger lakes, like Starnberger See
Starnberger See
, Ammersee
Ammersee
(south-west of Munich), and Chiemsee
Chiemsee
further to the east, all situated in the pre-alpine uplands, offer regular Passenger services on steamers.

Sacred art treasures can be found in the monasteries Andechs , Schäftlarn , Fürstenfeld , Benediktbeuern and Ettal and in the Wieskirche . Among popular excursions in Upper Bavaria
Bavaria
are the Koenigssee with the Sanctuary of St Bartholomew's and mount Watzmann
Watzmann
, the royal castles of Ludwig II , Linderhof
Linderhof
and Herrenchiemsee
Herrenchiemsee
in Chiemsee
Chiemsee
, the Burghausen Castle and the castle Hohenaschau . The most important places of pilgrimage are Altoetting and Tuntenhausen .

REFERENCES

* ^ "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). June 2016.

EXTERNAL

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