UNTERMENSCH (German pronunciation: , underman, sub-man, subhuman;
plural: Untermenschen) is a term that became infamous when the Nazis
used it to describe non-Aryan "inferior people" often referred to as
"the masses from the East", that is
* 1 Etymology * 2 Nazi propaganda and policy * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 Further reading * 6 External links
Although usually incorrectly considered to have been coined by the
Nazis, the term "under man" was first used by American author and
Lothrop Stoddard in the title of his 1922 book The Revolt
Against Civilization: The Menace of the Under-man. It was later
adopted by the Nazis from that book's German version Der
Kulturumsturz: Die Drohung des Untermenschen (1925). The German word
Untermensch had been used earlier, but not in a racial sense, for
example in the 1899 novel
Der Stechlin by
It is possible that Stoddard constructed his "under man" as an
NAZI PROPAGANDA AND POLICY
A chart used to illustrate the Nazi
In a speech in 1927 to the Bavarian regional parliament, the Nazi propagandist Julius Streicher , publisher of Der Stürmer , used the term Untermensch referring to the communists of the German Bavarian Soviet Republic : It happened at the time of the Soviet Republic: When the unleashed subhumans rambled murdering through the streets, the deputies hid behind a chimney in the Bavarian parliament.
Nazis repeatedly used the term
Untermensch in writings and speeches
directed against the Jews, the most notorious example being a 1935 SS
publication with the title Der Untermensch, which contains an
antisemitic tirade sometimes considered to be an extract from a speech
We shall take care that never again in Germany, the heart of Europe, will the Jewish-Bolshevistic revolution of subhumans be able to be kindled either from within or through emissaries from without.
In his speech "Weltgefahr des Bolschewismus" ("World danger of
Bolshevism") in 1936,
Another example of the use of the term Untermensch, this time in connection with anti-Soviet propaganda, is a brochure entitled "Der Untermensch", edited by Himmler and distributed by the Race and Settlement Head Office . SS-Obersturmführer Ludwig Pröscholdt, Jupp Daehler and SS-Hauptamt-Schulungsamt Koenig are associated with its production. Published in 1942 after the start of Operation Barbarossa , the German invasion of the Soviet Union, it is around 50 pages long and consists for the most part of photos portraying the enemy in an extremely negative way (see link below for the title page). 3,860,995 copies were printed in the German language. It was translated into Greek, French, Dutch, Danish, Bulgarian, Hungarian, Czech and seven other languages. The pamphlet says the following:
Just as the night rises against the day, the light and dark are in eternal conflict. So too, is the subhuman the greatest enemy of the dominant species on earth, mankind. The subhuman is a biological creature, crafted by nature, which has hands, legs, eyes and mouth, even the semblance of a brain. Nevertheless, this terrible creature is only a partial human being.
Although it has features similar to a human, the subhuman is lower on the spiritual and psychological scale than any animal. Inside of this creature lies wild and unrestrained passions: an incessant need to destroy, filled with the most primitive desires, chaos and coldhearted villainy.
A subhuman and nothing more!
Not all of those who appear human are in fact so. Woe to him who forgets it!
Mulattoes and Finn-Asian barbarians, Gipsies and black skin savages all make up this modern underworld of subhumans that is always headed by the appearance of the eternal Jew.
Nazis classified those they called the sub-humans into different types; they placed priority on extermination of the Jews, and exploitation of others as slaves.
Historian Robert Jan van Pelt writes that for the Nazis, "it was only a small step to a rhetoric pitting the European Mensch against the Soviet Untermensch, which had come to mean a Russian in the clutches of Judeo-Bolshevism ."
Untermensch concept included Jews, Roma and Sinti (Gypsies), and
Slavic peoples such as Poles,
While the Nazis were inconsistent in the implementation of their
policy (mostly implementing the
In the directive No. 1306 by Reich Ministry of Public Enlightenment
It must become clear to everybody in Germany, even to the last
milkmaid, that Polishness is equal to subhumanity. Poles,
Biology classes in Nazi Germany schools taught about differences
between the race of Nordic German "Übermenschen" and "ignoble" Jewish
and Slavic "subhumans". The view that
During the war, Nazi propaganda instructed Wehrmacht officers told
their soldiers to target people described as "Jewish Bolshevik
subhumans" and that the war in the
As a pragmatic way to solve military manpower shortages, the Nazis
used soldiers from some Slavic countries, firstly from the Reich's
allies Croatia and
* Nazi Germany portal
* ^ Revisiting the National Socialist Legacy: Coming to Terms With
Forced Labor, Expropriation, Compensation, and Restitution page 84
* ^ Gumkowski, Janusz; Leszczynski, Kazimierz; Robert, Edward
(translator) (1961). Hitler\'s Plans for Eastern Europe.