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Unserdeutsch ("Our German"), or Rabaul Creole German, is a German-based creole language that originated in Papua New Guinea. It was formed among the New Guinean children residing in a German-run orphanage in what was then German New Guinea. Oral stories tell a version that Unserdeursch originated by children sharing stories where they used German vocabulary with Tok Pisin
Tok Pisin
grammar, this change in language is referred to as Relexification. [3] About 100 native speakers survive today, most of whom migrated to Australia
Australia
after Papua New Guinea's independence in 1975.[1] Most speakers of Unserdeutsch are bilingual; speaking either Standard German, English, Tok Pisin
Tok Pisin
or Kuanua. Most speakers are middle-aged or older, although younger members of the community may comprehend the language. The descendant of a pidginised form of Standard German which originated in the Gazelle Peninsula
Gazelle Peninsula
of New Britain during German colonial times among the Catholic mixed-race (Vunapope) community. With increased mobility and intermarriage, it has been disappearing in the last few decades. Unserdeutsch presumably influenced the development of its neighbour, Tok Pisin. Unlike Namibian Black German in Namibia, it is a creole; indeed, it is the only creole that developed from colonial German.[4] References[edit]

^ a b Unserdeutsch, Special
Special
Broadcasting Service, 16 March 2016 ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Unserdeutsch". Glottolog
Glottolog
3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.  ^ Maitz, Peter; Volker, Craig Alan (4 December 2017). "Documenting Unserdeutsch Reversing colonial amnesia" (PDF). Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages. 32 (2): 376. doi:10.1075/jpcl.32.2.06mai.  ^ John Holm, 1989, Pidgins and Creoles, vol. 2: Reference Survey

Further reading[edit]

Peter Mühlhäusler: Tracing the roots of pidgin German. In: Language and Communication, 4/(1)/1984, S. 27–57. ISSN 0271-5309 Craig A. Volker: Rabaul Creole German Syntax. In: Working Papers in Linguistics, University of Hawaii 21/1989, S. 153–189 (online) Craig A. Volker: The rise and decline of Rabaul Creole German, Language and Linguistics in Melanesia. In: John Lynch (ed.): Oceanic studies : proceedings of the first international conference on oceanic linguistics Australian Nat. Univ., Canberra 1996, ISBN 0-85883-440-5 (older edition available here)

External links[edit]

v t e

Varieties of German spoken outside Europe

Africa

Namibia: Namibian German, Namibian Black German South Africa: Nataler Deutsch

North America

Amana German Alsatian German Bernese German Hutterite German Pennsylvania German Plautdietsch Texas German Wisconsin German

South America

Alemán Coloniero Argentinian Swiss German Belgranodeutsch Brazilian German
Brazilian German
(Ostpommersch, Paraná Volga German and Riograndenser Hunsrückisch) Plautdietsch

Oceania

Barossa G

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