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UNSERDEUTSCH ("Our German"), or RABAUL CREOLE GERMAN, is a German -based creole language that originated in Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea
. It was formed among the New Guinean children residing in a German -run orphanage in what was then German New Guinea
German New Guinea
. About 100 native speakers survive today, most of whom migrated to Australia
Australia
after Papua New Guinea's independence in 1975.

Most speakers of Unserdeutsch are bilingual ; speaking either Standard German , English , Tok Pisin or Kuanua . Most speakers are middle-aged or older, although younger members of the community may comprehend the language. The descendant of a pidginised form of Standard German which originated in the Gazelle Peninsula
Gazelle Peninsula
of New Britain during German colonial times among the Catholic mixed-race (Vunapope) community. With increased mobility and intermarriage, it has been disappearing in the last few decades.

Unserdeutsch presumably influenced the development of its neighbour, Tok Pisin . Unlike Namibian Black German in Namibia
Namibia
, it is a creole; indeed, it is the only creole that developed from colonial German.

REFERENCES

* ^ A B Unserdeutsch, Special Broadcasting Service , 16 March 2016 * ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Unserdeutsch". Glottolog 3.0 . Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. * ^ John Holm, 1989, Pidgins and Creoles, vol. 2: Reference Survey

FURTHER READING

* Peter Mühlhäusler: Tracing the roots of pidgin German. In: Language and Communication, 4/(1)/1984, S. 27–57. ISSN 0271-5309 * Craig A. Volker: Rabaul Creole German Syntax. In: Working Papers in Linguistics, University of Hawaii 21/1989, S. 153–189 (online) * Craig A. Volker: The rise and decline of Rabaul Creole German, Language and Linguistics in Melanesia. In: John Lynch (ed.): Oceanic studies : proceedings of the first international conference on oceanic linguistics Australian Nat. Univ., Canberra 1996, ISBN 0-85883-440-5 (older edition available

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