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THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS AT AUSTIN (UT AUSTIN, UT, or TEXAS ) is a public research university and the flagship institution of the University of Texas System . Founded in 1881 as "THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS," its campus is in Austin, Texas
Austin, Texas
—approximately 1 mile (1,600 m) from the Texas
Texas
State Capitol . UT Austin was inducted into the Association of American Universities in 1929, becoming only the third university in the American South
American South
to be elected. The institution has the nation's eighth-largest single-campus enrollment, with over 50,000 undergraduate and graduate students and over 24,000 faculty and staff.

It is a major center for academic research, with research expenditures exceeding $550 million for the 2014–2015 school year. The university houses seven museums and seventeen libraries, including the Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum and the Blanton Museum of Art , and operates various auxiliary research facilities, such as the J. J. Pickle Research Campus and the McDonald Observatory . Among university faculty are recipients of the Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
, Pulitzer Prize , the Wolf Prize , the Emmy Award , the Turing Award , and the National Medal of Science , as well as many other awards.

UT Austin student athletes compete as the Texas
Texas
Longhorns and are members of the Big 12 Conference . Its Longhorn Network is the only sports network featuring the college sports of a single university. The Longhorns have won four NCAA Division I
NCAA Division I
National Football Championships, six NCAA Division I
NCAA Division I
National Baseball Championships, thirteen NCAA Division I
NCAA Division I
National Men's Swimming and Diving Championships, and has claimed more titles in men's and women's sports than any other school in the Big 12 since the league was founded in 1996.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Establishment * 1.2 Expansion and growth * 1.3 1966 shooting spree * 1.4 Recent history

* 2 Campus * 3 Organization and administration

* 4 Academics

* 4.1 Admission * 4.2 Rankings

* 5 Research

* 5.1 Endowment

* 6 Student life

* 6.1 Student profile * 6.2 Residential life * 6.3 Student organizations * 6.4 Greek life * 6.5 Media * 6.6 Traditions

* 7 Athletics

* 7.1 Varsity sports

* 8 People

* 8.1 Faculty * 8.2 Alumni

* 9 Keene Prize for Literature * 10 See also * 11 References * 12 External links

HISTORY

Main article: History of the University of Texas
Texas
at Austin

ESTABLISHMENT

The first mention of a public university in Texas
Texas
can be traced to the 1827 constitution for the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas
Coahuila y Tejas
. Although Title 6, Article 217 of the Constitution promised to establish public education in the arts and sciences, no action was taken by the Mexican government. After Texas
Texas
obtained its independence from Mexico
Mexico
in 1836, the Texas
Texas
Congress adopted the Constitution of the Republic , which, under Section 5 of its General Provisions, stated "It shall be the duty of Congress, as soon as circumstances will permit, to provide, by law, a general system of education."

On April 18, 1838, "An Act to Establish the University of Texas" was referred to a special committee of the Texas
Texas
Congress, but was not reported back for further action. On January 26, 1839, the Texas Congress agreed to set aside fifty leagues of land (approx. 288,000 acres) towards the establishment of a publicly funded university. In addition, 40 acres (160,000 m2) in the new capital of Austin were reserved and designated "College Hill." (The term "Forty Acres" is colloquially used to refer to the University as a whole. The original forty acres is the area from Guadalupe to Speedway and 21st Street to 24th Street )

In 1845, Texas
Texas
was annexed into the United States
United States
. Interestingly, the state's Constitution of 1845 failed to mention higher education. On February 11, 1858, the Seventh Texas
Texas
Legislature approved O.B. 102, an act to establish the University of Texas, which set aside $100,000 in United States
United States
bonds toward construction of the state's first publicly funded university (the $100,000 was an allocation from the $10 million the state received pursuant to the Compromise of 1850 and Texas' relinquishing claims to lands outside its present boundaries). The legislature also designated land reserved for the encouragement of railroad construction toward the university's endowment. On January 31, 1860, the state legislature, wanting to avoid raising taxes, passed an act authorizing the money set aside for the University of Texas
Texas
to be used for frontier defense in west Texas
Texas
to protect settlers from Indian attacks.

Texas' secession from the Union and the American Civil War
American Civil War
delayed repayment of the borrowed monies. At the end of the Civil War in 1865, The University of Texas' endowment was just over $16,000 in warrants and nothing substantive had been done to organize the university's operations. This effort to establish a University was again mandated by Article 7, Section 10 of the Texas
Texas
Constitution of 1876 which directed the legislature to "establish, organize and provide for the maintenance, support and direction of a university of the first class, to be located by a vote of the people of this State, and styled "The University of Texas."

Additionally, Article 7, Section 11 of the 1876 Constitution established the Permanent University Fund , a sovereign wealth fund managed by the Board of Regents of the University of Texas
Texas
and dedicated for the maintenance of the university. Because some state legislators perceived an extravagance in the construction of academic buildings of other universities, Article 7, Section 14 of the Constitution expressly prohibited the legislature from using the state's general revenue to fund construction of university buildings. Funds for constructing university buildings had to come from the university's endowment or from private gifts to the university, but the university's operating expenses could come from the state's general revenues. The university's Old Main building in 1903

The 1876 Constitution also revoked the endowment of the railroad lands of the Act of 1858 but dedicated 1,000,000 acres (4,000 km2) of land, along with other property appropriated for the university, to the Permanent University Fund. This was greatly to the detriment of the university as the lands the Constitution of 1876 granted the university represented less than 5% of the value of the lands granted to the university under the Act of 1858 (the lands close to the railroads were quite valuable, while the lands granted the university were in far west Texas, distant from sources of transportation and water). The more valuable lands reverted to the fund to support general education in the state (the Special
Special
School Fund).

On April 10, 1883, the legislature supplemented the Permanent University Fund with another 1,000,000 acres of land in west Texas granted to the Texas
Texas
and Pacific Railroad but returned to the state as seemingly too worthless to even survey. The legislature additionally appropriated $256,272.57 to repay the funds taken from the university in 1860 to pay for frontier defense and for transfers to the state's General Fund in 1861 and 1862. The 1883 grant of land increased the land in the Permanent University Fund to almost 2.2 million acres. Under the Act of 1858, the university was entitled to just over 1,000 acres of land for every mile of railroad built in the state. Had the 1876 Constitution not revoked the original 1858 grant of land, by 1883 the university lands would have totaled 3.2 million acres, so the 1883 grant was to restore lands taken from the university by the 1876 Constitution, not an act of munificence.

On March 30, 1881, the legislature set forth the university's structure and organization and called for an election to establish its location. By popular election on September 6, 1881, Austin (with 30,913 votes) was chosen as the site. Galveston, having come in second in the election (20,741 votes) was designated the location of the medical department (Houston was third with 12,586 votes). On November 17, 1882, on the original "College Hill," an official ceremony commemorated the laying of the cornerstone of the Old Main building. University President Ashbel Smith, presiding over the ceremony, prophetically proclaimed " Texas
Texas
holds embedded in its earth rocks and minerals which now lie idle because unknown, resources of incalculable industrial utility, of wealth and power. Smite the earth, smite the rocks with the rod of knowledge and fountains of unstinted wealth will gush forth." The University of Texas
Texas
officially opened its doors on September 15, 1883.

EXPANSION AND GROWTH

In 1890, George Washington Brackenridge donated $18,000 for the construction of a three story brick mess hall known as Brackenridge Hall (affectionately known as "B.Hall"), one of the university's most storied buildings and one that played an important place in university life until its demolition in 1952.

The old Victorian -Gothic Main Building served as the central point of the campus's 40-acre (160,000 m2) site, and was used for nearly all purposes. But by the 1930s, discussions arose about the need for new library space, and the Main Building was razed in 1934 over the objections of many students and faculty. The modern-day tower and Main Building were constructed in its place.

In 1910, George Washington Brackenridge again displayed his philanthropy, this time donating 500 acres (2.0 km2) on the Colorado River to the university. A vote by the regents to move the campus to the donated land was met with outrage, and the land has only been used for auxiliary purposes such as graduate student housing. Part of the tract was sold in the late-1990s for luxury housing, and there are controversial proposals to sell the remainder of the tract. The Brackenridge Field Laboratory was established on 82 acres (330,000 m2) of the land in 1967. UT Architecture Library

In 1916, Gov. James E. Ferguson became involved in a serious quarrel with the University of Texas. The controversy grew out of the board of regents' refusal to remove certain faculty members whom the governor found objectionable. When Ferguson found he could not have his way, he vetoed practically the entire appropriation for the university. Without sufficient funding, the university would have been forced to close its doors. In the middle of the controversy, Ferguson's critics brought to light a number of irregularities on the part of the governor. Eventually, the Texas
Texas
House of Representatives prepared 21 charges against Ferguson and the Senate convicted him on 10 of them, including misapplication of public funds and receiving $156,000 from an unnamed source. The Texas
Texas
Senate removed Ferguson as governor and declared him ineligible to hold office.

In 1921, the legislature appropriated $1,350,000 for the purchase of land next to the main campus. However, expansion was hampered by the restriction against using state revenues to fund construction of university buildings as set forth in Article 7, Section 14 of the Constitution. With the completion of Santa Rita No. 1 well and the discovery of oil on university-owned lands in 1923, the university added significantly to its Permanent University Fund. The additional income from Permanent University Fund investments allowed for bond issues in 1931 and 1947, with the latter expansion necessary from the spike in enrollment following World War II. The university built 19 permanent structures between 1950 and 1965, when it was given the right of eminent domain . With this power, the university purchased other properties surrounding the original 40 acres (160,000 m2).

The discovery of oil on university-owned lands in 1923 and the subsequent addition of money to the university's Permanent University Fund allowed the legislature to address funding for the university along with the Agricultural and Mechanical College (now known as Texas A"> The Tower , completed in 1937, stands 307 ft (94 m) tall and dons different colors of lighting on special occasions. Main article: University of Texas
Texas
Tower Shooting

On August 1, 1966, Texas
Texas
student Charles Whitman barricaded the observation deck in the tower of the Main Building. With two rifles, a sawed-off shotgun , and other weapons, he killed 14 people on campus, 11 from the observation deck and below the clocks on the tower, and three more in the tower, as well as wounding two others inside the observation deck. The massacre ended after Whitman was shot and killed by police after they breached the tower. Before the massacre, Whitman had killed his mother and his wife. Whitman had been a patient at the University Health Center, and on March 29, preceding the shootings, had conveyed to psychiatrist Maurice Heatley his feelings of overwhelming hostilities and he was thinking about "going up on the tower with a deer rifle and start shooting people."

After the Whitman event, the observation deck was closed until 1968, and then closed again in 1975 following a series of suicide jumps during the 1970s. In 1999, after installation of security fencing and other safety precautions, the tower observation deck reopened to the public. There is a turtle pond park near the tower dedicated to those affected by the tragedy.

RECENT HISTORY

The first presidential library on a university campus was dedicated on May 22, 1971 with former President Johnson , Lady Bird Johnson
Lady Bird Johnson
and then-President Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon
in attendance. Constructed on the eastern side of the main campus, the Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum is one of 13 presidential libraries administered by the National Archives and Records Administration .

A statue of Martin Luther King Jr. was unveiled on campus in 1999 and subsequently vandalized. By 2004, John Butler , a professor at the McCombs School of Business suggested moving it to Morehouse College , a historically black college, "a place where he is loved."

The University of Texas
Texas
at Austin has experienced a wave of new construction recently with several significant buildings. On April 30, 2006, the school opened the Blanton Museum of Art . In August 2008, the AT"> Interior lobby of the Lyndon B Johnson Presidential Library and Museum

One of the University's most visible features is the Beaux-Arts Main Building , including a 307-foot (94 m) tower designed by Paul Philippe Cret . Completed in 1937, the Main Building is in the middle of campus. The tower usually appears illuminated in white light in the evening but is lit orange for various special occasions, including athletic victories and academic accomplishments; it is conversely darkened for solemn occasions. At the top of the tower is a carillon of 56 bells, the largest in Texas. Songs are played on weekdays by student carillonneurs, in addition to the usual pealing of Westminster Quarters every quarter-hour between 6 am and 9 pm In 1998, after the installation of security and safety measures, the observation deck reopened to the public indefinitely for weekend tours.

The university's seven museums and seventeen libraries hold over nine million volumes, making it the seventh-largest academic library in the country. The holdings of the university's Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center include one of only 21 remaining complete copies of the Gutenberg Bible
Gutenberg Bible
and the first permanent photograph, View from the Window at Le Gras , taken by Nicéphore Niépce . The newest museum, the 155,000-square-foot (14,400 m2) Blanton Museum of Art , is the largest university art museum in the United States
United States
and hosts approximately 17,000 works from Europe, the United States, and Latin America.

The University of Texas
Texas
at Austin has an extensive underground tunnel system that links the buildings on campus. Constructed in the 1930s under the supervision of creator Carl Eckhardt, then head of the physical plant, the tunnels have grown along with the university campus. They measure approximately six miles in length. The tunnel system is used for communications and utility service. It is closed to the public and guarded by silent alarms . Since the late 1940s, the university has generated its own electricity. Today its natural gas cogeneration plant has a capacity of 123 MW. The university also operates a TRIGA nuclear reactor at the J. J. Pickle Research Campus .

The university continues to expand its facilities on campus. In 2010, the university opened the state-of-the-art Norman Hackerman building (on the site of the former Experimental Sciences Building) housing chemistry and biology research and teaching laboratories. In 2010, the university broke ground on the $120 million Bill "> Battle Hall , also known as "The Old Library," was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1970.

The university contains eighteen colleges -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em;">

* Cockrell School of Engineering (1894) * Dell
Dell
Medical School (2013) * College of Education (1905) * College of Fine Arts (1938) * College of Liberal Arts (1883) * College of Natural Sciences (1883) * College of Pharmacy * Continuing Education (1909) * Graduate Studies (1910) * Jackson School of Geosciences (2005) * LBJ School of Public Affairs (1970) * McCombs School of Business (1922) * Moody College of Communication (1965) * School of Architecture (1948) * School of Information (1948) * School of Law (1883) * School of Nursing (1976) * School of Social Work (1950) * School of Undergraduate Studies (2008)

ACADEMICS

Proctor\'s Mustangs (1948) overlooking the Engineering Sciences buildings

The University of Texas
Texas
at Austin offers more than 100 undergraduate and 170 graduate degrees. In the 2009–2010 academic year, the university awarded a total of 13,215 degrees: 67.7% bachelor\'s degrees , 22.0% master's degrees, 6.4% doctoral degrees , and 3.9% Professional degrees.

In addition, the university has eight honors programs , seven of which span a variety of academic fields: Liberal Arts Honors, the Business Honors Program, the Turing Scholars Program in Computer Science, Engineering Honors, the Dean's Scholars Program in Natural Sciences, the Health Science Scholars Program in Natural Sciences, and the Polymathic Scholars Program in Natural Sciences. The eighth is the Plan II Honors Program, a rigorous interdisciplinary program that is a major in and of itself. Many Plan II students pursue a second major, often participating in another department's honors program in addition to Plan II. The university also offers innovative programs for promoting academic excellence and leadership development such as the Freshman Research Initiative and Texas
Texas
Interdisciplinary Plan.

ADMISSION

The University of Texas
Texas
at Austin is one of the most selective universities in the region. Relative to other universities in the state of Texas, UT Austin is second to Rice University
Rice University
in selectivity according to a Business Journal study weighing acceptance rates and the mid-range of the SAT
SAT
and ACT. UT Austin was ranked as the 18th most selective in the South. As a state public university, UT Austin was subject to Texas
Texas
House Bill 588 , which guaranteed graduating Texas
Texas
high school seniors in the top 10% of their class admission to any public Texas
Texas
university. A new state law granting UT (but no other state university) a partial exemption from the top 10% rule, Senate Bill 175, was passed by the 81st Legislature in 2009. It modified this admissions policy by limiting automatically admitted freshmen to 75% of the entering in-state freshman class, starting in 2011. The university will admit the top one percent, the top two percent and so forth until the cap is reached; the university currently admits the top 7 percent. Furthermore, students admitted under Texas
Texas
House Bill 588 are not guaranteed their choice of college or major, but rather only guaranteed admission to the university as a whole. Many colleges, such as the Cockrell School of Engineering, have secondary requirements that must be met for admission.

For others who go through the traditional application process, selectivity is deemed "more selective" according to the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching and by U.S. News & World Report. For Fall 2015, 43,952 applied and 17,006 were accepted (39.0%), and of those accepted, 45.5% enrolled. Among freshman students who enrolled in Fall 2015, SAT
SAT
scores for the middle 50% ranged from 570-680 for critical reading, 600-710 for math, and 560-680 for writing. ACT composite scores for the middle 50% ranged from 26-31. In terms of class rank, 71.5% of enrolled freshmen were in the top 10% of their high school classes and 91.7% ranked in the top quarter.

RANKINGS

UNIVERSITY RANKINGS

NATIONAL

ARWU 30

FORBES 91

U.S. NEWS & WORLD REPORT 56

WASHINGTON MONTHLY 70

GLOBAL

ARWU 44

QS 67

TIMES 46

U.S. NEWS & WORLD REPORT 30

UT Austin is consistently ranked among the country's top public universities. Nationally, UT Austin was ranked tied for 56th among all universities, and tied for 18th place among public universities, according to U.S. News ">'s 2017 rankings. Internationally, UT Austin was ranked 30th in the 2017 "Best Global Universities" ranking by U.S. News & World Report, tied for 44th in the world by Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) in 2016, 46th worldwide by Times Higher Education World University Rankings (2015–16), and 67th globally by QS World University Rankings (2016–17).

UT Austin is considered to be a " Public Ivy " – a public university that provides an Ivy League collegiate experience at a public school price, having been ranked in virtually every list of "Public Ivies" since Richard Moll coined the term in his 1985 book Public Ivies: A Guide to America's best public undergraduate colleges and universities. The seven other "Public Ivy" universities, according to Moll, were The College of William & Mary, Miami University, The University of California, The University of Michigan, The University of North Carolina, The University of Vermont, and The University of Virginia.

In its 2016 edition of college rankings, U.S. News & World Report ranked the Accounting and Latin
Latin
American History programs as the top in the nation and more than 50 other science, humanities and professional programs rank in the top 25 nationally. The College of Pharmacy is listed as the third best in the nation and The School of Information (iSchool) is sixth best in Library and Information Sciences. Among other rankings, the School of Social Work is 7th, the Jackson School of Geosciences is 8th for Earth Sciences, the Cockrell School of Engineering is tied for 10th best (with the undergraduate engineering program tied for 11th best in the country), the Nursing School is tied for 13th, the University of Texas
Texas
School of Law is 14th, the Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs is 16th, and the McCombs School of Business is tied for 16th best (with the undergraduate business program tied for 7th best in the country).

The University of Texas
Texas
School of Architecture was ranked second among national undergraduate programs in 2012.

A 2005 Bloomberg survey ranked the school 5th among all business schools and first among public business schools for the largest number of alumni who are S"> Harlan J. Smith Telescope

Except for MIT
MIT
, UT Austin attracts more federal research grants than any American university without a medical school. For the 2014-2015 cycle, the university was awarded over $580,000,000 in sponsored projects, and has earned more than 300 patents since 2003. UT Austin houses the Office of Technology Commercialization, a technology transfer center which serves as the bridge between laboratory research and commercial development. In 2009, UT Austin created nine new start-up companies to commercialize technology developed at the university and has created 46 start-ups in the past seven years. UT Austin license agreements generated $10.9 million in revenue for the university in 2009.

Research at UT Austin is largely focused in the engineering and physical sciences, and the university is a world-leading research institution in fields such as computer science. Energy is a major research thrust, with federally funded projects on biofuels, battery and solar cell technology, and geological carbon dioxide storage, water purification membranes, among others. In 2009, UT Austin founded the Energy Institute, led by former Under Secretary for Science Raymond L. Orbach , to organize and advance multi-disciplinary energy research. While the university does not have a medical school, it houses medical programs associated with other campuses and allied health professional programs, as well as major research programs in pharmacy, biomedical engineering, neuroscience, and others.

In 2010, UT Austin opened the $100 million Dell
Dell
Pediatric Research Institute to increase medical research at the university and establish a medical research complex, and associated medical school, in Austin.

UT Austin operates several major auxiliary research centers. The world's third-largest telescope, the Hobby–Eberly Telescope , and three other large telescopes are part of UT Austin's McDonald Observatory , 450 miles (720 km) west of Austin. The university manages nearly 300 acres (1.2 km2) of biological field laboratories, including the Brackenridge Field Laboratory in Austin. The Center for Agile Technology focuses on software development challenges. The J.J. Pickle Research Campus (PRC) is home to the Texas
Texas
Advanced Computing Center which operates the Ranger supercomputer, one of the world's most powerful supercomputers as well as the Microelectronics Research Center which houses micro- and nanoelectronics research and features a 15,000 square foot (1,400 m2) cleanroom for device fabrication.

Founded in 1946, UT Austin's Applied Research Laboratories at the PRC has developed or tested the vast majority of the Navy's high-frequency sonar equipment. In 2007, the Navy granted it a research contract funded up to $928 million over ten years. The Institute for Advanced Technology, founded in 1990 and located in the West Pickle Research Building, supports the U.S. Army with basic and applied research in several fields.

The Center for Transportation Research UT Austin is a nationally recognized research institution focusing on transportation research, education, and public service. Established in 1963 as the Center for Highway Research, its projects address virtually all aspects of transportation, including economics, multimodal systems, traffic congestion relief, transportation policy, materials, structures, transit, environmental impacts, driver behavior, land use, geometric design, accessibility, and pavements.

In 2013, UT Austin announced the naming of the O'Donnell Building for Applied Computational Engineering and Sciences. The O'Donnell Foundation of Dallas, headed by Peter O\'Donnell and his wife, Edith Jones O'Donnell, has given more than $135 million to UT Austin between 1983 and 2013. UT Austin President William C. Powers declared the O'Donnells "among the greatest supporters of the University of Texas in its 130-year history. Their transformative generosity is based on the belief in our power to change society for the better." In 2008, O'Donnell pledged $18 million to finance the hiring of UT Austin faculty members undertaking research in mathematics, computers, and multiple scientific disciplines; his pledge was matched by W. A. "Tex" Moncrief Jr., an oilman and philanthropist from Fort Worth .

ENDOWMENT

The Norman Hackerman Building Main article: Permanent University Fund

Thirty percent of the university's endowment comes from Permanent University Fund (PUF), with nearly $15 billion in assets as of 2007. the University of Texas System gets two-thirds of the Available University Fund , the annual distribution of PUF income. A regental policy requires at least 45 percent of this money go to the university for "program enrichment." By taking two-thirds and multiplying it by 45 percent, we get 30 percent which is the minimum amount of AUF income that can be distributed to the school under current policies. The Regents, however, can decide to allocate additional amounts to the university. Also, the majority of the University of Texas
Texas
system share of the AUF is used for its debt service bonds , some of which were issued for the benefit of the Austin campus. The Regents can change the 45 percent minimum of the University of Texas System share to goes to the Austin campus at any time, although doing so might be difficult politically.

Proceeds from lands appropriated in 1839 and 1876, as well as oil monies, comprise the majority of PUF. At one time, the PUF was the chief source of income for Texas' two university systems, the University of Texas System and the Texas
Texas
A today, however, its revenues account for less than 10 percent of the universities' annual budgets. This has challenged the universities to increase sponsored research and private donations. Privately funded endowments contribute over $2 billion to the university's total endowment.

STUDENT LIFE

STUDENT PROFILE

For Fall 2011, the university enrolled 38,437 undergraduate, 11,497 graduate and 1,178 law students. Out-of-state and international students comprised 9.1% of the undergraduate student body and 20.1% of the total student body, with students from all 50 states and more than 120 foreign countries—most notably, the Republic of Korea
Republic of Korea
, followed by the People's Republic of China, India, Mexico
Mexico
and Taiwan
Taiwan
. For Fall 2015, the undergraduate student body was 48.9% male and 51.1% female. The three largest undergraduate majors in 2009 were Biological Sciences, Unspecified Business, and Psychology, while the three largest graduate majors were Business Administration ( MBA
MBA
), Electrical and Computer Engineering, and Pharmacy ( PharmD ).

Demographics of the UT Austin student body – Fall 2015

UNDERGRADUATE GRADUATE TEXAS U.S. CENSUS

AFRICAN AMERICAN 4% 3.0% 12.6% 12.9%

ASIAN AMERICAN 23% 7.2% 4.4% 4.6%

NON-HISPANIC WHITE 45% 53.0% 45.3% 65.1%

HISPANIC AMERICAN 21% 10.0% 37.6% 15.8%

NATIVE AMERICAN 1% 0.2% 1.3% 1.0%

FOREIGN 4% 22.4% N/A N/A

RESIDENTIAL LIFE

The campus has fourteen residence halls, the newest of which opened in Spring 2007. On-campus housing can hold more than 7,100 students. Jester Center is the largest residence hall with its capacity of 2,945. Academic enrollment exceeds the on-campus housing capacity; as a result, most students must live in private residence halls, housing cooperatives , apartments, or with Greek organizations and other off-campus residences. The Division of Housing and Food Service, which already has the largest market share of 7,000 of the estimated 27,000 beds in the campus area, plans to expand to 9,000 beds.

STUDENT ORGANIZATIONS

The university recognizes more than 1,300 student organizations. In addition, it supports three official student governance organizations that represent student interests to faculty, administrators, and the Texas
Texas
Legislature. Student Government, established in 1902, is the oldest governance organization and represents student interests in general. The Senate of College Councils represents students in academic affairs and coordinates the college councils, and the Graduate Student Assembly represents graduate student interests. The University Unions Student Events Center serves as the hub for student activities on campus. The Friar Society serves as the oldest honor society at the university. Texas
Texas
4000 for Cancer is another student organization, which also doubles as an Austin-based nonprofit, that hosts a 4,500-mile bike ride from Austin, Texas
Austin, Texas
to Anchorage, Alaska, thus far raising over $5 million for cancer research and patient support services since its inception in 2004.

GREEK LIFE

See also: List of fraternities and sororities at University of Texas at Austin

The University of Texas
Texas
at Austin is home to an active Greek community. Approximately 14 percent of undergraduate students are in fraternities or sororities. With more than 65 national chapters, the university's Greek community is one of the nation's largest. These chapters are under the authority of one of the school's six Greek council communities, Interfraternity Council , National Pan-Hellenic Council , Texas
Texas
Asian Pan-Hellenic Council, Latino Pan-Hellenic Council, Multicultural Greek Council and University Panhellenic Council. Other registered student organizations also name themselves with Greek letters and are called affiliates. They are not a part of one of the six councils but have all of the same privileges and responsibilities of any other organization. According to the Office of the Dean of Students' mission statement, Greek life promotes cultural appreciation, scholarship, leadership, and service . Most Greek houses are west of the Drag in the West Campus neighborhood.

MEDIA

See also: Texas
Texas
Student Media

Students express their opinions in and out of class through periodicals including Study Breaks Magazine , Longhorn Life, The Daily Texan (the most award-winning daily college newspaper in the United States), and the Texas
Texas
Travesty . Over the airwaves students' voices are heard through Texas
Texas
Student Television ( K29HW-D ) and KVRX Radio.

The Computer Writing and Research Lab of the university's Department of Rhetoric and Writing also hosts the Blogora, a blog for "connecting rhetoric, rhetorical methods and theories, and rhetoricians with public life" by the Rhetoric Society of America .

TRADITIONS

The "Silver Spurs" with the university's mascot, Bevo

Traditions at the University of Texas
Texas
are perpetuated through several school symbols and mediums. At athletic events, students frequently sing " Texas
Texas
Fight ", the university's fight song while displaying the Hook \'em Horns hand gesture—the gesture mimicking the horns of the school's mascot, Bevo the Texas
Texas
longhorn .

ATHLETICS

Main article: Texas
Texas
Longhorns

The University of Texas
Texas
offers a wide variety of varsity and intramural sports programs. As of 2015, the university's athletics program ranked ninth in the nation among Division I schools according to the National Association of Collegiate Directors of Athletics . Due to the breadth of sports offered and the quality of the programs, Texas
Texas
was selected as "America's Best Sports College" in a 2002 analysis by Sports Illustrated . Texas
Texas
was also listed as the number one Collegiate Licensing Company client for the second consecutive year in regards to the amount of annual trademark royalties received from fan merchandise sales. But this ranking is based only on clients of the Collegiate Licensing Company, which does not handle licensing for approximately three-dozen large schools including Ohio State , USC , and UCLA .

VARSITY SPORTS

Texas
Texas
Longhorns football playing against Oklahoma in the 2007 Red River Rivalry

The university's men's and women's athletics teams are nicknamed the Longhorns. A charter member of the Southwest Conference until it dissolved in 1996, Texas
Texas
now competes in the Big 12 Conference of the NCAA\'s Division I-FBS . Texas
Texas
has won 50 total national championships, 42 of which are NCAA national championships.

The University of Texas
Texas
has traditionally been considered a college football powerhouse. Through the 2015 season, the Longhorns were ranked seventh in the all-time list for winning percentage and third all time for total wins. The team experienced its greatest success under coach Darrell Royal , winning three national championships in 1963, 1969, and 1970. It won a fourth title under head coach Mack Brown in 2005 after a 41–38 victory over previously undefeated Southern California in the 2006 Rose Bowl .

In recent years, the men's basketball team has gained prominence, advancing to the NCAA Tournament Sweet Sixteen in 2002 and 2004, the Elite Eight in 2006 and 2008, and the Final Four in 2003.

The University's baseball team is one of the nation's best. It has made more trips to the College World Series (35) than any other school, and it posted wins in 1949, 1950, 1975, 1983, 2002, and 2005.

Additionally, the university's highly successful men's and women's swimming and diving teams lay claim to sixteen NCAA Division I
NCAA Division I
titles. The swim team was first developed under Coach Tex Robertson . In particular, the men's team is led by Eddie Reese , who served as the head men's coach at the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona, the 2004 Games in Athens and the 2008 Games in Beijing.

PEOPLE

FACULTY

Main article: List of University of Texas
Texas
at Austin faculty

In the Fall of 2016, the school employed 3,128 full-time faculty members, with a student-to-faculty ratio of 18.86 to 1. "Top 200 Institutions: National Academy Members". Archived from the original on October 31, 2011. Retrieved August 13, 2010. winners of the Nobel Prize , the Pulitzer Prize , the National Medal of Science , the National Medal of Technology , the Turing Award , the Emmy Award , and other various awards. Nine Nobel Laureates are or have been affiliated with UT Austin. Research expenditures for UT Austin exceeded $550 million for the 2013–2014 school year.

ALUMNI

Main article: List of University of Texas
Texas
at Austin alumni Michael Dell started PC's Limited (the precursor to Dell Computers ) before dropping out of UT Austin.

Texas
Texas
Exes is the official UT alumni organization. The Alcalde , founded in 1913 and pronounced "all-call-day," is the university's alumni magazine.

At least 15 graduates have served in the U.S. Senate and U.S. House of Representatives , such as Lloyd Bentsen '42, who served as both a U.S. Senator and U.S. Representative, as well as being the 1988 Democratic Party Vice Presidential nominee. Presidential cabinet members include current United States
United States
Secretary of State Rex Tillerson '75, former United States
United States
Secretary of State James Baker
James Baker
'57, former United States
United States
Secretary of Education William J. Bennett , and former United States
United States
Secretary of Commerce Donald Evans '73. Former First Lady Laura Bush '73 and daughter Jenna '04 both graduated from Texas, as well as former First Lady
First Lady
Lady Bird Johnson
Lady Bird Johnson
'33 "> Former First Lady Laura Bush '73 received an M.L.S. from UT Austin. Tom C. Clark '22, former Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States , received his J.D. from the University of Texas
Texas
School of Law .

Alumni in academia include the 26th President of The College of William & Mary Gene Nichol '76, the 10th President of Boston University Robert A. Brown '73 "> Alumnus Roger Clemens , MLB pitcher and seven-time Cy Young Award winner

In literature and journalism, the school boasts 20 Pulitzer Prizes
Pulitzer Prizes
to 18 former students, including Gail Caldwell and Ben Sargent '70. Walter Cronkite , the former CBS Evening News anchor once called the most trusted man in America, attended the University of Texas
Texas
at Austin, as did CNN
CNN
anchor Betty Nguyen '95. Alumnus J. M. Coetzee also received the 2003 Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Literature . Novelist Raymond Benson ('78) was the official author of James Bond novels between 1996 and 2002, the only American to be commissioned to pen them. Donna Alvermann , a distinguished research professor at the University of Georgia, Department of Education also graduated from the University of Texas, as did Wallace Clift ('49) and Jean Dalby Clift ('50, J.D. '52), authors of several books in the fields of psychology of religion and spiritual growth. Notable alumni authors also include Kovid Gupta ('2010), author of several bestselling books, and Alireza Jafarzadeh author of "The Iran
Iran
Threat: President Ahmadinejad and the Coming Nuclear Crisis" and television commentator ('82, MS). Though expelled from UT, former student and The Daily Texan writer John Patric went on to become a noted writer for National Geographic , Reader\'s Digest , and author of 1940s best-seller Why Japan was Strong.

UT Alumni also include 28 Rhodes Scholars, 26 Truman Scholars, 20 Marshall Scholars, and nine Astronauts.

Several musicians and entertainers attended the university. Janis Joplin , the American singer posthumously inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame who received a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award attended the university, as did February 1955 Playboy
Playboy
Playmate of the Month and Golden Globe
Golden Globe
recipient Jayne Mansfield . Composer Harold Morris is a 1910 graduate. Noted film director, cinematographer, writer, and editor Robert Rodriguez is a Longhorn, as are actors Eli Wallach and Matthew McConaughey
Matthew McConaughey
. Rodriguez dropped out of the university after two years to pursue his career in Hollywood, but completed his degree from the Radio-Television-Film department on May 23, 2009. Rodriguez also gave the keynote address at the university-wide commencement ceremony. Radio-Television-Film alumni Mark Dennis and Ben Foster took their award-winning feature film, Strings , to the American film festival circuit in 2011. Web and television actress Felicia Day and film actress Renée Zellweger attended the university. Day graduated with degrees in music performance (violin) and mathematics, while Zellweger graduated with a BA in English. Writer and recording artist Phillip Sandifer graduated with a degree in History. Michael "Burnie" Burns is an actor, writer, film director and film producer, graduated with a degree in Computer Science. He, along with UT graduate Matt Hullum , also founded the Austin-based production company Rooster Teeth , that produced many hit shows including the award-winning Internet series, Red vs. Blue . Farrah Fawcett , one of the original Charlie\'s Angels , left after her junior year to pursue a modeling career. Actor Owen Wilson and writer/director Wes Anderson attended the university, where they wrote Bottle Rocket together which became Anderson's first feature film. Writer and producer Charles Olivier is a Longhorn. So too, filmmakers and actors Mark Duplass and his brother Jay Duplass , key contributors to the mumblecore film genre. Another notable writer, Rob Thomas graduated with a BA in History in 1987 and later wrote the young adult novel Rats Saw God and created the series Veronica Mars . Illustrator, writer and alum Felicia Bond is best known for her illustrations in the If You Give... children's books series, starting with If You Give a Mouse a Cookie . Taiwanese singer-songwriter, producer, actress Cindy Yen (birth name Cindy Wu) graduated with double degrees in Music (piano performance) and Broadcast Journalism in 2008. Noted composer and arranger Jack Cooper received his D.M.A. in 1999 from UT Austin in composition and has gone on to teach in higher education and become known internationally through the music publishing industry.

Many alumni have found success in professional sports. Legendary pro football coach Tom Landry '49 attended the university as an industrial engineering major but interrupted his education after a semester to serve in the United States
United States
Army Air Corps during World War II. Following the war, he returned to the university and played fullback and defensive back on the Longhorns' bowl-game winners on New Year's Day of 1948 and 1949. Seven-time Cy Young Award -winner Roger Clemens entered the MLB
MLB
after helping the Longhorns win the 1983 College World Series . Three-time NBA
NBA
scoring champion Kevin Durant entered the 2007 NBA
NBA
Draft and was selected second overall behind Greg Oden , after sweeping National Player of the Year honors, becoming the first freshman to win any of the awards. After becoming the first freshman in school history to lead Texas
Texas
in scoring and being named the Big 12 Freshman of the Year, Daniel Gibson entered the 2006 NBA
NBA
Draft and was selected in the second round by the Cleveland Cavaliers . Several Olympic medalists have also attended the school, including 2008 Summer Olympics athletes Ian Crocker '05 (swimming world record holder and two-time Olympic gold medalist) and 4 × 400 m relay defending Olympic gold medalist Sanya Richards '06. Mary Lou Retton
Mary Lou Retton
(the first female gymnast outside Eastern Europe to win the Olympic all-around title, five-time Olympic medalist, and 1984 Sports Illustrated Sportswoman of the Year) also attended the university. Also an alumnus is Dr. Robert Cade , the inventor of the sport drink Gatorade
Gatorade
. In big, global philanthropy , the university is honored by Darren Walker , president of Ford Foundation .

Other notable alumni include prominent businessman Red McCombs , Diane Pamela Wood , the first female chief judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit , and astrophysicist Neil deGrasse Tyson . Also an alumnus is Admiral William H. McRaven , credited for organizing and executing Operation Neptune\'s Spear , the special ops raid that led to the death of Osama bin Laden . Oveta Culp Hobby, the first woman to earn the rank of a colonel in the United States
United States
Army, first commanding officer and director of the Women's Army Corps, first secretary of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare attended the university as well.

KEENE PRIZE FOR LITERATURE

See also: Sophie Kerr Prize

The KEENE PRIZE FOR LITERATURE is a student literary award given by the university. With a prize of $50,000 it claims to be "one of the world's largest student literary prizes". An additional $50,000 is split between three finalists. The purpose of the award is to "help maintain the university's status as a premier location for emerging writers", and to recognize the winners and their works. The prize was established in 2006, in the College of Liberal Arts. It is named after E. L. Keene, a 1942 graduate of the university.

SEE ALSO

* University of Texas
Texas
at Austin portal * Austin portal

* List of University of Texas
Texas
at Austin presidents * University of Texas
Texas
admissions controversy * Institute for Computational Engineering and Sciences * ArchNet – A joint project between the university and MIT
MIT
on Islamic architecture * University of Texas
Texas
Elementary School * Cactus Cafe * Silicon Hills

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