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The University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
(commonly referred to as Pitt) is a state-related research university located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. In 1787 after the American Revolutionary War, it was founded on the edge of the American frontier as the Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Academy. It developed and was renamed as Western University of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
by a change to its charter in 1819. After surviving two devastating fires and various relocations within the area, the school moved to its current location in the Oakland neighborhood of the city; it was renamed as the University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
in 1908. For most of its history, Pitt was a private institution, until 1966 when it became part of the Commonwealth System of Higher Education. The university is composed of 17 undergraduate and graduate schools and colleges located at its urban Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
campus, home to the university's central administration and 28,766 undergraduate, graduate, and professional students. The university also includes four undergraduate schools located at campuses within Western Pennsylvania: Bradford, Greensburg, Johnstown, and Titusville. The 132-acre Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
campus has multiple contributing historic buildings of the Schenley Farms Historic District, most notably its 42-story Gothic revival centerpiece, the Cathedral of Learning. The campus is situated adjacent to the flagship medical facilities of its closely affiliated University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Medical Center (UPMC), as well as the Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh, Schenley Park, and Carnegie Mellon University. The university has an annual operating budget of approximately $2 billion, which includes nearly $900 million in research and development expenditures. A member of the Association of American Universities, Pitt is the sixth-largest recipient of federally sponsored research funding among U.S. universities in 2013, and it is a major recipient of research funding from the National Institutes of Health.[6] It is the second-largest non-government employer in the Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
region behind UPMC. Pitt is ranked among the top research universities in the United States in both domestic[7][8] and international rankings,[9][10][11][12] and has been listed as a "best value" in higher education by several publications.[13][14] Pitt students have access to various arts programs throughout the campus and city, and can participate in over 400 student clubs and organizations. Pitt's varsity athletic teams, collectively known as the Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Panthers, compete in Division I of the NCAA, primarily as members of the Atlantic Coast Conference.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Founding 1.2 The Western University 1.3 A new name and home 1.4 Development of the polio vaccine 1.5 State relations to present day

2 Campus

2.1 Historic buildings 2.2 Other buildings 2.3 University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Medical Center 2.4 Regional campuses

3 Community impact 4 Organization and administration 5 Academics

5.1 International studies 5.2 Rankings 5.3 Scholars

6 Research 7 Student life

7.1 Housing 7.2 Traditions 7.3 Pitt Arts 7.4 Student theater 7.5 Student music 7.6 Student media 7.7 Student organizations 7.8 Greek life

7.8.1 Annual Greek life events

8 Athletics

8.1 Football 8.2 Basketball 8.3 Olympic sports 8.4 Support groups

9 People

9.1 Faculty 9.2 Alumni

10 Notes 11 References

11.1 Works cited

12 External links

History[edit]

Hugh Henry Brackenridge, founder of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Academy, the precursor to the University of Pittsburgh

Main article: History of the University of Pittsburgh Founding[edit] Founded by Hugh Henry Brackenridge
Hugh Henry Brackenridge
as Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Academy in 1787, the University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
is one of the few universities and colleges established in the 18th century in the United States. It is the oldest continuously chartered institution of learning in the U.S. west of the Allegheny Mountains.[15] The school began as a preparatory school, presumably in a log cabin, possibly as early as 1770 [16] in Western Pennsylvania, then a frontier.[17] Brackenridge obtained a charter for the school from the state legislature of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
on February 28, 1787, just ten weeks before the opening of the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia.[18][19] A brick building was erected in 1790 on the south side of Third Street and Cherry Alley for the Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Academy.[20][21] The small two-story brick building, with a gable facing the alley, contained three rooms: one below and two above.[22] The Western University[edit]

The University in 1833 at its location on 3rd Avenue in downtown Pittsburgh

Within a short period, more advanced education in the area was needed, so in 1819 the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
amended the school's 1787 charter to confer university status. The school took the name the Western University of Pennsylvania, or WUP, and was intended to be the western sister institution to the University of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
in Philadelphia.[19][23] By 1830, WUP had moved into a new three-story, freestone-fronted building, with Ionic columns and a cupola, near its original buildings fronting the south side of Third Street, between Smithfield Street and Cherry Alley in downtown Pittsburgh. By the 1830s, the university faced severe financial pressure to abandon its traditional liberal education in favor of the state legislature's desire for it to provide more vocational training. The decision to remain committed to liberal education nearly killed the university, but it persevered despite its abandonment by the city and state.[24] It was also during this era that the founder of Mellon Bank, Thomas Mellon (Class of 1837), graduated and later taught at WUP.[25][20][21] The university's buildings, along with most of its records and files, were destroyed in the Great Fire of 1845 that wiped out 20 square blocks of Pittsburgh. Classes were temporarily held in Trinity Church until a new building was constructed on Duquesne Way (on what was the site of the former Horne's
Horne's
department store). Only four years later, in 1849, this building also was destroyed by fire. Due to the catastrophic nature of these fires, operations were suspended for a few years to allow the university time to regroup and rebuild. By 1854, WUP had erected a new building on the corner of Ross and Diamond (now Forbes Avenue) streets (site of the present day City-County building) and classes resumed in 1855. It is during this era, in 1867, that Samuel Pierpont Langley, astronomer, inventor, aviation pioneer and future Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, was chosen as director of the Allegheny Observatory
Allegheny Observatory
that was donated to WUP in 1865. Langley was professor of astronomy and physics and remained at WUP until 1891, when he was succeeded by another prominent astronomer, James Keeler. Growing quickly during this period, WUP outgrew its downtown facilities and the university moved its campus to Allegheny City (present-day North Side).[25][20][21] The university eventually found itself on a 10-acre (4.0 ha) site on the North Side's Observatory Hill at the location of its Allegheny Observatory. There, it constructed two new buildings, Science Hall and Main Hall, that were occupied by 1889 and 1890 respectively. During this era, the first collegiate football team was formed at Pitt in 1889. In 1892, the Western Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Medical College was amalgamated into the university. By 1893, the university had graduated its first African-American, William Dammond.[26] In 1895 WUP established its School of Law, and Andrew Carnegie
Andrew Carnegie
and George Westinghouse were elected to the Board of Trustees, where they joined Andrew Mellon
Andrew Mellon
who had been elected in 1894. The Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
College of Pharmacy and Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Dental School also joined the university in 1896. In 1898, the first women, sisters Margaret and Stella Stein, graduated from the university.[27] During this period, University engineering professor Reginald Fessenden
Reginald Fessenden
was conducting pioneering work in radio broadcasting. By 1904, playing at Exposition Park, the university had its first undefeated football team.[25][20][21][28] A new name and home[edit]

The Cathedral of Learning, the centerpiece of Pitt's campus and the tallest educational building in the Western Hemisphere

Citing a need to avoid confusion, distinguish itself from the University of Pennsylvania, and return to its roots by identifying itself with the city, the Western University of Pennsylvania, by act of the state legislature, was renamed the University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
in the summer of 1908. During this time, the university had also outgrown its accommodations on what is now the North Side of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
and its departments had been scattered throughout the city for years. To consolidate all of its components on one campus, WUP bought 43 acres (170,000 m2) of land in December 1907 in what is now the Oakland neighborhood of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
and began relocating departments there by 1909.[29] The initial campus plan for the new location centered on the winning submission from a national architectural contest that incorporated a Greek Acropolis design by Henry Hornbostel
Henry Hornbostel
for 30 buildings.[30] However, due to financial and other constraints, only four of the buildings were constructed in this style, of which only Thaw Hall
Thaw Hall
remains today. In the fall of 1909, the university became the first college to adopt the panther as its mascot.[31] It was also during this period that the university, led by Chancellor Samuel McCormick, again held off pressures to abandon the school's commitment to liberal education in favor of more technical-based training. During his administration, McCormick also led the university into a new level of national recognition, expansion, and growth, as well as beginning institutional support of athletics.[30] In the 1920s, new university chancellor John Gabbert Bowman
John Gabbert Bowman
declared that he had a vision for a centerpiece "tall building" for the university. The 14 acres (5.7 ha) Frick Acres property in Oakland was soon purchased and plans for the campus shifted focus from the hillside to a neo-Gothic Revival plan that today comprises the Cathedral of Learning, Heinz Memorial Chapel, Stephen Foster Memorial, and Clapp Hall
Clapp Hall
buildings. By 1925, Bowman had settled on a design by Charles Klauder
Charles Klauder
for the "tall building": an attention-getting 535-foot (163 m) tower whose great height, with open spaces all around, would suggest the "character that ought to be in an educated man." The building's "parallel lines going up and up...would express courage [and] fearlessness" and it would "unify Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
into a community conscious of its character." The Cathedral is "cut off" flat at the top to suggest that its lines, like education, have no ending. The building was financed by donors and by a campaign to collect dimes from local school children. Bowman was a persuasive leader and although the Great Depression
Great Depression
intervened, the Cathedral of Learning, on which construction was begun in 1926, began hosting classes in 1931 and was formally dedicated in 1937. Today, it remains the second tallest university building in the world and contains an equally impressive interior highlighted by a half-acre (2,000 m²) Gothic hall Commons Room with 52-foot (16 m) tall arches currently surrounded by 30 Nationality Rooms, however seven more Nationality Rooms
Nationality Rooms
are in the making.[32] Development of the polio vaccine[edit]

Jonas Salk
Jonas Salk
developed the first polio vaccine at the University of Pittsburgh.

In the early 20th century, epidemics of polio began to hit the United States and other industrialized countries. As hospitals filled with patients in iron lungs, and tens of thousands were left disabled, the fear of polio grew, leading to the closing of many public facilities. Meanwhile, Dr. Jonas Salk
Jonas Salk
had set up the University of Pittsburgh's Virus Research Lab in the basement of what is now Salk Hall. By 1951, Salk and his team had begun immunization experiments in monkeys using dead polio virus. Soon, however, Salk began to test inoculations in paralyzed polio patients and by 1953 human trials among the general population were initiated. By the spring of the following year, the largest controlled field trials in medical history were underway, and by 1955 the vaccine developed by Salk and his researchers was declared effective. By 1962, Salk's vaccine had reduced the incidence of polio in the United States by 95 percent. The breakthroughs in immunology and vaccine development at Pitt by Salk and his team are considered one of the most significant scientific and medical achievements in history.[33][34] State relations to present day[edit] In 1966, Pitt was designated by Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
as a state-related university. As such, Pitt receives public funds ($154.3 million in fiscal year 2016) covering about 7% of its operating budget,[35] and offers reduced tuition to Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
residents. Pitt retains independent control, but is typically categorized as a public university. Upon affiliation with the state, subsidized tuition led to a massive influx of new students and rapid expansion of Pitt's size and scope. In the 1970s, Pitt's football team returned to greatness with a national championship season in 1976 led by Hall of Fame running back Tony Dorsett
Tony Dorsett
and continued success in the 1980s with players such as Hall of Fame quarterback Dan Marino. In the 1980s, significant medical research in the field of organ transplantation was conducted by Thomas Starzl, establishing Pitt as the world leader in the field of organ transplantation. In 1991, chancellor Wesley Posvar retired after 24 years in office. His administration is best known for elimination of the university's debt from its 1960s financial crisis and for increasing the school's prestige and endowment. Under Posvar, Pitt's operating budget grew sevenfold to $630 million and its endowment tripled to $257 million.[36] Mark Nordenberg
Mark Nordenberg
was chancellor of the university from 1995 to 2014 and led Pitt through a period of substantial progress, including a $2-billion capital-raising campaign that is over three quarters of the way toward achieving its goal[37] and a $1-billion 12-year facilities plan.[38] Major initiatives and events that have occurred during his tenure include the construction of the Petersen Events Center, a major expansion of on-campus housing, the growth of the University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Medical Center and the restructuring of its relationship with the university, and a series of disruptive bomb threats that occurred in 2012. Patrick D. Gallagher
Patrick D. Gallagher
was named the 18th chancellor of the university and assumed the office on August 1, 2014.[39] Campus[edit]

The lower campus, the traditional heart of the university, is typified by Gothic Revival architecture
Gothic Revival architecture
including Heinz Chapel
Heinz Chapel
(right) and the Stephen Foster Memorial
Stephen Foster Memorial
(center foreground), but the 42-story Cathedral of Learning
Cathedral of Learning
dominates most views across the Oakland neighborhood

The University of Pittsburgh's main campus comprises approximately 132 urban acres (0.53 km2) located in Pittsburgh's historic Oakland neighborhood. Much of the campus, including its centerpiece 42-story Cathedral of Learning, falls within the Oakland Civic Center/Schenley Farms National Historic District.[40] The campus has been noted for its impressive architecture,[41] and contains an eclectic mix of architecture that includes Greek revival, Neogothic, Italian Renaissance, and modern. It has been termed "a theme park of replica buildings, representing the architecture of the past speaking to the present."[42] The campus has won multiple Green Star Awards from the Professional Grounds Management Society.[43][44][45] The University of Pittsburgh's main campus contains four contiguous sections: upper (sports complexes, residence halls); mid (Benedum, Chevron, Allen and Thaw Halls); lower (Cathedral of Learning, Union, Posvar Hall); and on the west end of campus, the medical center complex. The campus is bordered by Darragh Street/McKee Place to the west and Bellefield Avenue/Dithridge Street to the east; Forbes and Fifth avenues traverse the campus from west to east. Although generally within walking distance, the university also runs a bus and shuttle service between various campus locations and bordering neighborhoods.[46] The main campus is within walking distance of many recreational, cultural, and educational institutions in the Oakland neighborhood. The campus is adjacent to Schenley Plaza, the main branch of the Carnegie Public Library, the Carnegie Museums of Natural History and Art and the Carnegie Music Hall, as well as portions of Carnegie Mellon University. Carlow University
Carlow University
is just west of campus, adjacent to the university's medical center complexes. The main quad of Carnegie Mellon University, Central Catholic High School, and historic Schenley Park, site of the Phipps Conservatory & Botanical Gardens, lie across Junction Hollow
Junction Hollow
on the east end. Historic buildings[edit]

Heinz Memorial Chapel

Two Pitt buildings are on the National Register of Historic Places: Allegheny Observatory
Allegheny Observatory
(in Pittsburgh's Riverview Park on the Northside) and the Cathedral of Learning.[47] Twenty-one of Pitt's buildings (including the 5 residence halls that make up Schenley Quadrangle, see below) are contributing properties to the Schenley Farms-Oakland Civic Center Historic District that has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places
National Register of Historic Places
as a historic district.[40] Due to the historical nature of various sites around Pitt's buildings, the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
has placed historical markers outside the Allegheny Observatory,[48] Posvar Hall,[49][50] Salk Hall,[51] Stephen Foster Memorial,[52] and the William Pitt Union.[53] In addition, a Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Historical Marker has been placed on campus near the Cathedral of Learning
Cathedral of Learning
to mark the significance of the University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
itself.[54] Another state historical marker has been placed to highlight the significance of Pitt's involvement in the archaeological excavation at the Meadowcroft Rockshelter
Meadowcroft Rockshelter
in Avella, Pennsylvania.[55] In addition, the Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
History and Landmarks Foundation has designated the following Pitt buildings as Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Historic Landmarks: Allegheny Observatory, Allen Hall, Alumni Hall, Bellefield Hall, Chancellor's Residence, Cathedral of Learning, the Cathedral of Learning interior rooms, Gardner Steel Conference Center, Heinz Memorial Chapel, Thaw Hall, Salk Hall, Schenley Quadrangle
Schenley Quadrangle
residence halls, Stephen Foster Memorial, the University Child Development Center, and the William Pitt Union.[56][57] Other Pitt buildings not designated individually as landmarks, but listed among the 16 Pitt-owned contributing properties to the Schenley Farms Historic District, include Clapp Hall, O'Hara Student Center, Ruskin Hall, Thackeray Hall, Frick Fine Arts Building, Music Building, and the University Club.[58]

The restored Louis XV mirrored ballroom of the Beaux-Arts styled William Pitt Union

Historic structures within, adjacent to, or near Pitt's campus, but not belonging to the university, include the Carnegie Museum buildings, Frick School, Forbes Field
Forbes Field
wall remnant, Magee Estate iron fence, the Schenley Fountain, Mellon Institute, Phipps Conservatory & Botanical Gardens, the Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Athletic Association, St. Paul's Cathedral, St. Nicholas Greek Orthodox Church, Schenley High School, Soldiers and Sailors Memorial Hall
Soldiers and Sailors Memorial Hall
- where scenes of The Silence of the Lambs were filmed in 1990, and the Stephen Foster sculpture. Many of these buildings and their facilities are integrated into the events and activities of the university.[59][60][61] Other buildings[edit] Main article: List of University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
buildings

Frick Fine Arts Building
Frick Fine Arts Building
with the Mary Schenley Memorial Fountain

The majority of Pitt-owned facilities are clustered in the Oakland neighborhood of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
which includes the Schenley Farms Historic District, however a few prominent facilities are scattered elsewhere throughout the city, including the adjacent Shadyside neighborhood. Pitt also maintains regional Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
campuses in Bradford, Greensburg, Johnstown, and Titusville, as well as a Computer Center in RIDC Park in Blawnox, the Plum Boro Science Center in Plum, the University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Applied Research Center (U-PARC) in Harmarville, and the Pymatuning Laboratory of Ecology
Pymatuning Laboratory of Ecology
in Linesville.[62] The university also has a major archeological research site, the Allen L. Cook Spring Creek Preserve, in Spring Creek, Wyoming.[63][64] Athletic facilities of the University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Panthers that are located in Oakland in the upper campus and include the Charles L Cost Sports Center, Fitzgerald Field House, the Petersen Events Center, Trees Hall
Trees Hall
and Trees Field. An approximately $30 million upgrade of on-campus sports facilities, starting with the Petersen Sports Complex, includes new soccer, baseball, softball facilities, and helps clear a space for the future construction of a new track and field and band complex.[65] Athletic facilities in Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
that are located outside of the Oakland neighborhood include Heinz Field
Heinz Field
and the UPMC Sports Performance Complex.[66] Major on-campus residence halls include the Litchfield Towers, Schenley Quadrangle, Nordenberg Hall, Bouquet Gardens
Bouquet Gardens
and Ruskin Hall located on the lower campus, Lothrop Hall
Lothrop Hall
and Forbes Hall
Forbes Hall
on the medical campus, and Pennsylvania, Panther, and Sutherland halls located on the upper campus.[67] University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Medical Center[edit] See also: List of UPMC buildings in Pittsburgh

Thomas Starzl
Thomas Starzl
Biomedical Science Tower is connected to the med school and UPMC's flagship hospitals

The University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Medical Center (UPMC), which is consistently ranked in U.S. News & World Report's "Honor Roll" of America's top hospitals,[68] consists of the following hospitals and facilities in the Oakland area, many of which have shared use with various university departments: UPMC Presbyterian Hospital, UPMC Montefiore Hospital, Magee-Women's Hospital of UPMC, Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic in Thomas Detre Hall, Eye and Ear Institute, Forbes Tower
Forbes Tower
(home to the School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences), Iroquois Building, Kaufman Medical Building, Medical Arts Building, 230 McKee Place, and UPMC University Center. UPMC academic hospitals and facilities that are scattered elsewhere throughout the city include the Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
of UPMC campus in the Lawrencevville neighborhood, the UPMC Sports Performance Complex on the South Side, and UPMC Shadyside and the University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Cancer Institute in the Hillman Cancer Center both located in the Shadyside neighborhood adjacent to Oakland.[69] Regional campuses[edit] Regional campuses offer master's, bachelor's, and associate degrees at four locations in Western Pennsylvania. They also allow students to take preliminary courses and relocate to other regional campuses or the Oakland campus to complete their degrees. They offer several degrees and certificates:

University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
at Bradford – master's, bachelor's, associate's and certificates University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
at Greensburg – master's, bachelor's and certificates University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
at Johnstown – bachelor's and certificates University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
at Titusville – Bachelor of Business Management and Arts in Human Relations, associate's and certificates

Community impact[edit]

Aerial view of the university and Oakland neighborhood; Carnegie Mellon University is at top-right

The University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
has been noted for both its role in community outreach and its impact on the economy of the city and the Western Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
region. In 2009, Pitt was ranked second overall, and the top public university in the nation, as a "Best Neighbor" for positive impact on its urban community, including both commercial and residential activities such as revitalization, cultural renewal, economics, and community service and development according to the "Saviors of Our Cities" ranking.[70] Pitt was also listed as a "best neighbor" in the previous ranking released in 2006.[71] These rankings reflect the statistics that each year Pitt spends more than $1.7 billion in the community and supports nearly 33,800 jobs in Allegheny County. The university is the Pittsburgh region's second largest non-government employer behind its affiliated University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Medical Center (UPMC).[72] Pitt's research program alone imports more than $822 million into the region each year (more than $3.60 for each $1 of state appropriations), and supports some 23,100 local jobs.[73][20][29] Pitt students also spend more than $213 million on goods, services, and rental payments within the local economy.[74] Pitt ranked sixth in the number of startups spawned by technologies developed by its researchers according to Association of University Technology Managers.[75]

Former Vice President of the United States Joe Biden
Joe Biden
speaks at the Peterson Events Center
Peterson Events Center
on 5 April 2016

Pitt and its medical school are the academic partners of the closely affiliated the University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Medical Center. With over 55,000 employees and $10 billion in annual revenue, UPMC is the largest non-government employer in Pennsylvania.[76] Through the Pitt Volunteer Pool, faculty and staff members donate more than 10,000 hours annually to community service projects for agencies such as the Salvation Army, Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
AIDS Task Force, and Greater Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Community Food Bank. Pitt also is a leading producer of Peace Corps
Peace Corps
volunteers.[74][77] According to the Peace Corps' 2008 ranking of colleges and universities, only 14 schools in the nation produced more Peace Corp volunteers.[78] Pitt's graduate school also ranked 10th for most alumni Peace Corps
Peace Corps
volunteers.[79] Organization and administration[edit]

College/school founding

College/school

Year founded

Arts and Sciences

1787

Business (graduate)

1960

Business (undergraduate)

1907

Dental Medicine

1896

Education

1910

Engineering

1846

General Studies

1932

Health & Rehabilitation Sciences

1969

Honors

1987

Computing and Information

1901

Law

1895

Medicine

1883

Nursing

1939

Pharmacy

1878

Public & International Affairs

1957

Public Health

1948

Social Work

1938

The university was chartered by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
in 1787 and it operated as a fully private institution until an alteration to its charter in 1966 at which point it became part of the Commonwealth System of Higher Education. This conferred "state-related" status to the university making it a legal instrument of the Commonwealth which provides an annual financial appropriation, currently 7.7% of the university's total operating budget,[80] in exchange for the university offering tuition discounts to students who are residents of Pennsylvania. Legally, however, the university remains a private entity, operating under its nonprofit corporate charter, governed by its independent Board of Trustees, and with its assets under its own ownership and control. Therefore, it retains the freedom and individuality of a private institution, both administratively and academically, setting its own standards for admissions, awarding of degrees, faculty qualifications, teaching, and staff hiring.[c] The University's Board of Trustees maintains ultimate legal authority, governance, and responsibility for the university but specifically reserves authority over selecting the university's Chancellor; approval of major policies, particularly those related to the fiduciary responsibilities of the board; and the definition of the university's mission and goals. It is made up of 36 voting members: Chancellor, 17 Term Trustees elected by the board, 6 Alumni Trustees elected by the board on nomination from the Alumni Association Board of Directors, and 12 Commonwealth trustees. The Governor of Pennsylvania, the President Pro Tempore of the Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Senate, and the Speaker of the Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
House of Representatives each appoints four of the 12 Commonwealth trustees. Additional non-voting trustees include 14 Special
Special
Trustees and additional Emeritus Trustees selected by the board. Non-voting ex-officio members include the Governor of Pennsylvania, the Secretary of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, the Chief Executive of Allegheny County, and the Mayor of Pittsburgh. There are three or more regular meetings of the Board of Trustees per year.[85] The Board of Trustees selects the university's Chancellor, who doubles as the chief academic officer and the chief executive of the university as well as serving as an ex officio voting member of the Board of Trustees. The Chancellor is delegated with general administrative, academic, and management authority over the university. Under the Chancellor are the Provost and Senior Vice Chancellor, the Senior Vice Chancellor for Health Sciences, the deans of the various schools, the presidents of the regional campuses, department chairs, and the directors of University centers and institutes.[85] The university is accredited by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools.[3] Academics[edit] Throughout its history, Pitt has been committed to a liberal arts education with a well-rounded curriculum in the arts, sciences, and humanities.[24] Pitt has an increasing emphasis on undergraduate research experience and for providing real-world opportunities such as co-ops and internships.[86] Undergraduate degrees can be earned as Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, and Bachelor of Philosophy. Along with providing certificate programs, graduate level master's, professional, and doctoral degrees are also awarded. Pitt has also initiated a University-wide Outside the Classroom Curriculum (OCC) that includes a structured series of extracurricular programs and experiences designed to complement students' academic studies and help develop personal attributes and professional skills.[87] Students who complete the OCC requirements receive an OCC "transcript" and a green cord of distinction to wear at commencement.[88] Pitt also emphasizes excellence in teaching and public education by its graduate students through offering several free workshops and certification programs such as a pedagogy certification badge[89] and a semester-long public education mentorship program.[90] The freshman level entry schools include the Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences, the College of Business Administration, the Swanson School of Engineering, and the School of Nursing. International studies[edit]

The Indian Classroom, one of 30 Nationality Rooms
Nationality Rooms
in the Cathedral of Learning

Pitt's history of commitment to international education is illustrated by its unique collection of 30 Nationality Rooms
Nationality Rooms
on the first and third floors of the Cathedral of Learning. As a further demonstration of this commitment, Pitt is one of the country's leading producers of both Fulbright scholars and Peace Corps
Peace Corps
volunteers[74][91] and one of fewer than 20 American universities to claim five or more area studies programs that have been competitively designated as National Resource Centers by the U.S. Department of Education.[92] Pitt's National Resource Centers include Asian, European, Latin American, Russian and East European, and Global studies,[93] as well as Pitt's International Business Center.[92] In addition, Pitt's Asian Studies Center has been awarded status as a Confucius Institute
Confucius Institute
by the Chinese Ministry of Education.[94][95] Further, Pitt is home to one of just ten European Union Centers of Excellence
European Union Centers of Excellence
in the U.S., funded by the European Commission.[96] The University Center for International Studies (UCIS) coordinates international education curricula, centers on topical specializations in international studies, and the centers for area studies, including the National Resource Centers, among existing faculty and departments throughout the university. It does not confer degrees, but awards certificates of attainment to degree candidates in the university's schools and also operates certificate programs in African Studies (undergraduate) and in Global Studies (undergraduate & graduate).[97] UCIS also operates the Study Abroad Office,[98] Nationality Rooms
Nationality Rooms
and Intercultural Exchange Programs.[99] Pitt's study abroad program, under the auspices of UCIS, helps to facilitate student study in over a hundred different countries, and oversees a variety of programs including the Panther Programs, which are course taught abroad that have been developed and are accompanied by faculty of the university; two-way exchange agreements with foreign institutions; and Pitt-recognized, third-party exchange programs.[100] The university also offers several study abroad scholarships, including those through the Nationality Rooms
Nationality Rooms
program.[101] In addition, following the decision to end a 24-year sponsorship of the Semester at Sea
Semester at Sea
program due to academic, administrative and safety concerns,[102] Pitt has created a Multi-region Academic Program (PittMAP) that involves international travel, accompanied by university faculty, to three different continents for the comparative study of one of six rotating global study themes.[103][104] Further, Pitt's Swanson School of Engineering
Swanson School of Engineering
has also established a joint engineering institute and program with Sichuan University
Sichuan University
in Chengdu,[105] and Pitt's School of Medicine has established an exchange program for biomedical research students with Tsinghua University in Beijing, China.[106] Rankings[edit]

University rankings

National

ARWU[107] 35

Forbes[108] 154

U.S. News & World Report[109] 68

Washington Monthly[110] 136

Global

ARWU[111] 68

QS[112] 100

Times[113] 100

U.S. News & World Report[114] 48

The Center for Measuring University Performance has ranked Pitt 9th in the top tier of U.S. research universities nationwide according to its 2015 annual report.[7] In its 2018 rankings, U.S. News & World Report ranked Pitt 24th in comparison to other public universities in the United States and tied for 68th among all national universities.[8] Princeton Review placed Pitt among its "Best Value Public Colleges",[14] while Kiplinger rated Pitt the best value in Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
and thirty-sixth best nationally for out-of-state students among public universities in their 2016 rankings.[13] The 2017 Wall Street Journal/Times Higher Education college rankings of American universities ranked Pitt 75th overall, and the No. 1 public college in the Northeast.[115] In worldwide evaluations of universities, Newsweek
Newsweek
ranked Pitt 37th in its "The Top 100 Global Universities."[116] Pitt ranked 43rd worldwide in the 2017 Center for World University Rankings.[117] Pitt is also ranked 68th worldwide (and 35th in the U.S.) in the 2017 Academic Ranking of World Universities. Pitt ranked 100th globally in the 2017/18 QS World University Rankings. Pitt ranks 25th of all universities in the world for the impact and performance of its 2016 scientific public publications according to the Performance Ranking of Scientific Papers for World Universities produced by the Higher Education Evaluation and Accreditation Council of Taiwan (HEEACT).[12] Pitt ranks as the 42nd best higher education research institution worldwide according to SCImago
SCImago
Institutions Rankings' 2016 World Report.[118] Other world rankings include 29th in the world in the latest ranking by the Research Center for Chinese Science Evaluation at Wuhan University,[119] 42nd in the world in the 2017 Webometrics rankings,[120] and 42nd in the world according to both the 2006 G-Factor International University Ranking[121] as well as the Russian-based 2009 Global University Ranking.[11] In addition to its academic rankings, Pitt has also been recognized for its positive campus atmosphere, with The Princeton Review
The Princeton Review
rating Pitt as having the 8th happiest student body and the 11th best quality of life in the nation in 2010.[122]

The 52 feet (16 m) high, half acre (2,000 m²) Commons Room of the Cathedral of Learning
Cathedral of Learning
serves as a major study and event space for the university and its students

Many of university's individual schools, departments, and programs are highly regarded in their particular field as evidenced by the number of Pitt programs that were ranked in the latest National Research Council rankings.[123] Particularly well regarded programs include Pitt's Department of Philosophy, which has long been renowned in the U.S. and worldwide, and is especially strong in the areas of mathematical and philosophical logic, metaphysics, history and philosophy of science, philosophy of language, philosophy of mathematics, philosophy of mind and psychology, and semantics.[124][125] The University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Schools of the Health Sciences, including Medicine, Dental, Nursing, ranked 5th nationally,[126] Pharmacy, Public Health, and Rehabilitation are also all highly ranked and regarded in their respective fields.[127] In addition, the University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Medical Center, is consistently honored as one of America's top hospitals.[68] The university's Joseph M. Katz School of Business
Joseph M. Katz School of Business
MBA program is ranked first in the U.S. in "Value for Money," 51st overall in the nation, and its faculty research is ranked 47th in the world by the 2007 Financial Times
Financial Times
ranking.[128] The Joseph Katz Graduate School consistently ranks high among the public business schools in the U.S. according to The Wall Street Journal.[129] Pitt's law school faculty has been ranked 21st in the nation based upon standard objective measures of scholarly impact.[130] Overall Pitt's Law School is ranked 63rd by The Law School 100,[131] is listed among the nation's top law schools by The Princeton Review,[132] and is ranked 78th by the 2017 U.S. News & World Report.[133][134] The University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
School of Social Work's MSW program was ranked 10th in the nation by US News in 2016.[135] Pitt is home to the Gertrude E. and John M. Petersen Institute of NanoScience and Engineering, which was ranked second in the nation in 2006 for microscale and nanoscale research by the leading global trade publication, Small Times. Pitt also has a recognized program in Radio-frequency identification
Radio-frequency identification
device (RFID) technology, with its research program rated among the top three in the world along with MIT and the University of Cambridge in England.[136] Scholars[edit] Pitt students and faculty have regularly won national and international scholarships and fellowship awards, including four Rhodes Scholarships since 2006.[137][138] In 2007, in addition to the three national military academies, Pitt was one of only nine universities, and the only public university, to claim both Rhodes and Marshall Scholars. Since 1995, Pitt undergraduates have also won six Marshall Scholarships,[139] five Truman Scholarships,[140] seven Udall Scholarships, a Churchill Scholarship, a Gates Cambridge Scholarship,[141] 43 Goldwater Scholarships,[142] 23 Boren Scholarships,[143] and three Mellon Humanities Fellowships.[144][145] Pitt is also a leading producer of Fulbright scholars, placing in the top 20 of all universities in the number of student scholars.[146] Pitt alumni have won awards such as the Nobel Peace Prize, the Nobel Prize in medicine, the Pulitzer Prize
Pulitzer Prize
for fiction, the Shaw Prize
Shaw Prize
in medicine, the Albany Prize in medicine, the Fritz Medal in engineering, the Templeton Prize, and the Grainger Challenge Prize for sustainability.[74][147] Research[edit]

Salk Hall, where Jonas Salk's team performed the research that led to the first polio vaccine, is also home of the School of Dental Medicine and School of Pharmacy

Pitt, one of 62 elected members of the Association of American Universities, had $899 million in research and development expenditures in 2011, ranking 10th among all universities in the United States.[148] Of that amount, $663 million was received from federal sources, the fifth largest amount of federal research sponsorship among universities and the third most among public universities.[148][149] Pitt ranked in the top 25 of all universities in the world for the impact and performance of its scientific public publications, including in the top ten for clinical medicine, according to the Performance Ranking of Scientific Papers for World Universities produced by the Higher Education Evaluation and Accreditation Council of Taiwan.[12] Pitt is also ranked 29th in the world based on Essential Science Indicators according to the Research Center for Chinese Science Evaluation of Wuhan University.[119] Pitt places much emphasis on undergraduate research and has integrated such research experience as a key component of its undergraduate experience.[86] Pitt is a major center of biomedical research; in FY 2013, it ranked sixth in the nation in competitive peer-reviewed NIH
NIH
funding allocations,[6] and the University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Medical Center ranked 10th among hospitals nationwide by USNews in 2013.[150] Pitt neighbors the campus of Carnegie Mellon University
Carnegie Mellon University
(CMU), and in some cases, buildings of the two universities are intermingled. This helps to facilitate a myriad of academic and research collaborations between the two schools,[151] including such projects as the Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Supercomputing Center, the Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Life Sciences Greenhouse, the Immune Modeling Center, the Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition, the University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Cancer Institute, as well as the National Science Foundation-supported Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Science of Learning Center.[152][153] Further, the universities also offer multiple dual and joint degree programs such as the Medical Scientist Training Program, the Molecular Biophysics and Structural Biology Graduate Program, and the Law and Business Administration program. Some professors hold joint professorships between the two schools, and students at each university may take classes at the other (with appropriate approvals).[154] Pitt students and faculty also have access to the CMU library system, as well as the Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh, through the Oakland Library Consortium.[155] The two universities also co-host academic conferences, such as the 2012 Second Language Research Forum.[156] Student life[edit] Housing[edit]

Litchfield Towers

Undergraduate student housing comprises both traditional residence halls and apartment style housing. On the lower campus, the three cylindrical towers of the Litchfield Towers
Litchfield Towers
complex houses the most students on campus and contains the primary dining facility for the university. The Schenley Quadrangle, originally serving as one of city's most desirably luxury apartment complexes, comprises five separate residence halls: Amos, Brackenridge, Bruce, Holland, and McCormick. Bruce Hall houses many Honors College and Living and Learning Community (LLC) students, Holland Hall serves as an all female residence, and Amos Hall serves as the primary home of the university's sororities with each floor being occupied by a different Greek organization. Ruskin Hall
Ruskin Hall
is located near Clapp Hall
Clapp Hall
and the biological complex. Completed in 2013, Nordenberg Hall
Nordenberg Hall
is the newest residence hall houses freshmen. Forbes Hall, located on Forbes Avenue, houses mainly freshmen involved in LLCs (Living Learning Communities). Lothrop Hall, originally built as a nursing student residence, houses students on the medical center complex. Bouquet Gardens
Bouquet Gardens
offers garden style apartments mostly to upperclassmen. The Forbes Craig Apartments serve as the primary residence for Honors College students.

Sutherland Hall
Sutherland Hall
on the upper campus is named for legendary Pitt football coach Jock Sutherland

The upper campus houses Sutherland Hall, home of several Living Learning Communities, as well as Panther Hall
Panther Hall
and Irvis Hall, which mainly house upperclassmen. Various fraternity housing is also found on the upper campus, as well as the Darragh Street Apartments which house medical students within a short walk to medical school's Scaife Hall. Many students, especially upperclassmen, also choose to live off campus in the nearby South Oakland
South Oakland
neighborhood in both university and non-university owned apartments. Traditions[edit]

Walk the Moon
Walk the Moon
performs at Fall Fest 2015

Several traditions have become part of student life at Pitt over the years. One of the oldest traditions is "Lantern Night", an annual ceremony that serves as a formal induction for freshman women to university life.[80][71] The tradition of sliding or stepping on the former home plate of Forbes Field
Forbes Field
embedded in the floor of Posvar Hall is performed by students in search of some good luck.[157][158][159][160] Another good luck tradition involves rubbing the nose of the Millennium Panther outside the William Pitt Union prior to exams.[161] Originated by students seeking good luck on exams, this tradition has further grown into one that is used by the wider university community when seeking general good fortune, particularly prior to football games or other athletic contests, and was featured in a national television advertisement for the 2012 Hyundai Tucson
Hyundai Tucson
automobile.[162] A romantic tradition involves the legend stating that if lovers kiss on the steps of Heinz Memorial Chapel, they are then destined to be married there.[163] Perhaps the most prestigious tradition involves the Omicron Delta Kappa
Omicron Delta Kappa
Walk, a stone walkway between the Cathedral of Learning
Cathedral of Learning
and Heinz Chapel
Heinz Chapel
that contains the engraved names of Pitt's Omicron Delta Kappa
Omicron Delta Kappa
Senior of the Year award winners. The walk is the only one of its kind in the country.[164] Annual traditional events include "Fall Fest",[25] and in the spring, "Bigelow Bash". These festivals are held by the Pitt Program Council between the William Pitt Union
William Pitt Union
and the Cathedral of Learning
Cathedral of Learning
and involve a range of activities, novelties, and bands.[165] Related to graduation, there is Honors Convocation, where awards and recognition are bestowed upon students, faculty, alumni, and staff throughout the schools and departments of the university.[60] Also, the "Panther Sendoff" is a free annual reception typically held in Alumni Hall to congratulate each year's graduating class and wish them well.[166] A free event open to the public, the Nationality Rooms
Nationality Rooms
Open House occurs on a Sunday in early December each year in the Cathedral of Learning and involves the presentation of the rooms decorated in traditional holiday styles, day-long performances of dance and song by various ethnic groups, and food and crafts from many of the nationality room's committees.[167]

Varsity Walk

Traditions related to athletics include the "Victory Lights", where golden flood lights illuminate the top of the Cathedral of Learning after every football victory and select other athletic achievements.[168][169][170] The Annual Bonfire and Pep Rally which is hosted by the Pitt Program Council and is held prior to a select football game. Held on the lawn of the Cathedral of Learning, it often involves the band, cheerleaders, football team, visiting dignitaries, and giveaways.[168][171] Homecoming, which revolves around another home football game each year, includes a traditional fireworks and a laser-light display between the William Pitt Union
William Pitt Union
and the Cathedral of Learning.[172] This is followed by Casino Night in the union, the football game, and a homecoming cruise on a Gateway Clipper Party Liner.[173][174][175] At football games, the "Football Tunnel" occurs where student organizations, carrying standards, form a tunnel for the football players to run through as they enter the football field from the locker room;[176] The Varsity Walk, a walkway between the Cathedral of Learning
Cathedral of Learning
and Heinz Memorial Chapel, is carved each year the names of former Pitt athletes (each year since 1950) who have promoted the university through their athletic (Panther Award) or academic (Blue-Gold Award) achievements.[177] "Greek Week" is a yearlong initiative for the Greek organizations on campus to raise money for different charitable organizations through different events. The two biggest events each year are the Pitt Dance Marathon and Greek Sing. Yearlong fundraising activities are also held to support such charitable organizations such as the Ronald McDonald House, Make a Wish Foundation, University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Cancer Institute, and the Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Food Bank.[178] "E-Week" is a spring celebration organized by the Engineer Student Council for a week-long series of activities and competitions to demonstrate engineering skills and foster a spirit of camaraderie. Activities include games such as Monopoly, Ingenuity, Jeopardy, Assassins, and include a talent show, relay race, mini-Olympics, and blood drive. The festivities reach climax with a parade on Friday, a soapbox derby on Saturday, and the "e-ball finale" on Saturday evening. Each year, a unique theme is chosen. Each engineering department competes against the others, while some smaller departments join forces.[179][180] Pitt Arts[edit]

Pitt's Stephen Foster Memorial
Stephen Foster Memorial
contains two theaters.

Pitt Arts is a program founded by the university in 1997 to encourage students to explore and connect to the art and cultural opportunities of the City of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
via three programs. Art Encounters provides trips to arts events for undergrads that include free tickets, transportation, a catered reception, and encounters with international artists and thinkers. Free Visits grants undergrad and grad students free admission using their Pitt IDs to the Carnegie Museum of Art, Carnegie Museum of Natural History, Senator John Heinz History Center, Phipps Conservatory, Mattress Factory, and the Andy Warhol Museum.[181][182] Student theater[edit] Various student theater groups convene at Pitt. University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Stages is the production company of the Department of Theatre Arts which puts public student performances of classic masterpieces, contemporary productions, and student-directed labs. It also runs the Shakespeare-in-the-Schools which tours classic theater for K-12 students throughout the Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
area.[183] Friday Nite Improvs, Pittsburgh's longest-running theatre show, was started in 1989 by graduate theatre students. It takes place weekly inside the Cathedral of Learning's studio theatre.[184] The Redeye Theatre Project is a festival of one-act plays cast, written, and rehearsed in 24 hours.[185] Additionally, Pitt Musical Theater Club provides undergraduates the opportunity to perform in student directed variety shows and musicals. The club was founded in 2009.[186] Student music[edit]

The Music Building once served as home to the original studio for Mr. Rogers' Neighborhood.

The Pitt Men's Glee Club, founded in 1890, is the oldest extracurricular club on campus.[187] The club includes both undergraduate and graduate students from throughout the university. Traditionally, the Glee Club has sung for a variety of campus-wide and community functions, including graduations, receptions, alumni gatherings, sporting events, and chancellor's events. The Glee Club has also participated in national Collegiate Men's Choir festivals and international tours and music festivals in both the United States and Europe.[187] Heinz Chapel
Heinz Chapel
Choir is an accomplished and internationally known[188] a cappella choir consisting entirely of Pitt students that has been performing for over 70 years.[189] The University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Women's Choral Ensemble, founded in 2011, is open to all women of the university including undergraduates, graduate students, and staff. The ensemble leads the traditional lamplighter processional each fall and performs repertory ranging from traditional sacred and secular classics to international folk songs, popular music, and show tunes.[190] Pitt Pendulums, founded in 1996, is a co-ed a cappella group, the oldest a cappella group on campus. Other a cappella groups on campus include C Flat Run, a co-ed group, Pittch Please, an all-male group, Pitches and Tones, a co-ed group, The Songburghs, a co-ed group, and Sounds Like Treble, an all-female group, among others. All groups on campus regularly perform in various on and off-campus functions and are regular competitors in the ICCA's, the International Championship of Collegiate A Cappella. Pittch Please recently achieved the best result of a Pitt group in the ICCA's, taking first place at the Great Lakes Quarterfinals in 2015.[191] Carpathian Ensemble, founded within the Department of music in 1786, the ensemble performs Gypsy, Klezmer, Armenian, Moldavian, Ukrainian, and Macedonian music.[192] The University Gamelan, established in 1995, is the largest Sundanese gamelan program in the U.S. and has sponsored an artist-in-residency program each year since 1998.[193] University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Orchestra performs several concerts and consists of music students, students from the university at large, faculty, staff, and members of the metropolitan community. The orchestra performs not only works of the standard art music literature, but also new works of student composers.[194] Pitt Jazz Ensemble, founded in 1969 by saxophonist Dr. Davis, has performed internationally.[195] Pitt African Music and Dance Ensemble, founded in 1983 by a Ghanaian ethnomusicologist Dr. Willie O. Anku, specializes in music and dances from Africa. Under the direction of J. S. Kofi Gbolonyo, it presents a range of African artistic expressions including music, dance, drama and visual arts.[196] Pitt Band, founded in 1911, is the varsity marching band of the University of Pittsburgh and performs at various athletic and other University events.[197] Student media[edit]

WPTS-FM
WPTS-FM
is a non-commercial radio station owned by the University of Pittsburgh, and offers a mix of student-run programming. The station operates at 92.1 MHz with an ERP of 16 watts, and is licensed to Pittsburgh.[198] JURIST
JURIST
is the world's only law-school-based, comprehensive, legal news and research service staffed by a mostly volunteer team of part-time law student reporters, editors and Web developers. It is led by law professor Bernard Hibbitts at the University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
School of Law.[199] The Pitt News
The Pitt News
is an independent, student-written, and student-managed newspaper for the University's Oakland (main) campus. Founded in 1908, it is now published Monday through Friday during the school year and Wednesdays during the summer. It circulates 14,000 copies for each issue published.[200]

Student media and other organizations are largely headquartered within the William Pitt Union, seen here with the Millennium Panther

The Pittiful News is an independent, student-founded, student-written, student-managed, and student-produced satirical and humor newspaper. It comes out on the last Friday of each month during the school year in print and throughout the entire calendar year online.[201] UPTV (University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Television) is a student-managed, student-produced, closed-circuit television station. Students living in campus residence halls or university operated-housing can view programming on Channel 21.[202] Three Rivers Review and Collision are two undergraduate, bi-annual, literary journals publishing both poetry and prose.[203] The Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Undergraduate Review is a multidisciplinary journal showcasing undergraduate research.,[204]

Pitt Tonight earned the university its first College Emmy nominations in 2016.

Pitt Political Review is a student-created, student-written publication of the University Honors College. PPR, as it is called, provides a venue for serious discussion of politics and policy issues in a nonpartisan way.[205] Blackline is a student-created, student-written publication of the Black Action Society. Blackline features both news articles and creative pieces such as poetry to call attention to problems, programs, and activities that affect Black students at Pitt.[206] The Original Magazine
The Original Magazine
is a nonprofit, semiannual arts and culture publication based at, and partially funded by, the University of Pittsburgh, that aims to both bring and publicize accessible art and creative writing to Pittsburgh.[207] Pitt Tonight is an American college late-night talk show on the University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
campus.[208] The show premiered on December 14, 2015, and is produced entirely by students. It is the first large-scale late night production on the school’s campus – consisting of more than 70 staff members – with its creator Jesse Irwin serving as the first host.[209] The show also stars a sidekick and house band The Allies of the Boulevard, and is produced and written entirely by Pitt students. The show tapes in theaters inside the Cathedral of Learning
Cathedral of Learning
and the Stephen Foster Memorial
Stephen Foster Memorial
in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.[210] The program is taped once per month in front of a live studio audience. The show opens with a topical monologue, then transitions into a comedic desk piece, guest interviews/sketches/games, and concludes with a musical performance. More than anything, Pitt Tonight has impacted the university’s utilization of multimedia since its 2015 premiere, and in addition, moments from the series have gone viral, including its challenge of Jimmy Fallon
Jimmy Fallon
to speed-eat a Primanti Brothers’ sandwich.[211][212][213][214] The show has been nominated for two Mid-Atlantic Emmy Awards,[215][216] and won one College Broadcasters Inc. award for Best General Entertainment Program.

Student organizations[edit] There are over 350 student clubs and organizations at the University of Pittsburgh. all sizes and covering all manner of interests.[217] Some of the larger ones are:

Behavioral Economics Club, one of the first student organizations in a major university devoted entirely to the topic of behavioral economics. The group is composed of undergraduate students from a variety of disciplines such as economics, finance, psychology, actuarial mathematics, statistics, and marketing. Black Action Society, the recognized student organization for promoting the cultural, educational, political, and social needs of black students at the university. It comprises nine committees including the publication of the student-run publication BlackLine as well as community outreach, political action, and programing.[218] BAS has hosted lectures by such figures as Cornel West,[219] Spike Lee,[220] and Carol Moseley Braun.[221] Blue and Gold Society, founded in 1991, is a group of undergraduate student leaders chosen as liaisons between the student community and the Pitt Alumni Association.[222] Catholic Newman Club, founded in 1915, is the third oldest existing student organization on campus.[223] The club works in conjunction with the Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Oratory of Saint Philip Neri
Oratory of Saint Philip Neri
- which offers daily mass and confession times as well as perpetual Eucharistic adoration[224] - and the Fellowship of Catholic University Students to provide events that offer students a deeper look into the Catholic faith. Students often engage in service opportunities with various charitable organizations. Graduate and Professional Student Government (GPSG), the student government that represents the interests of all graduate and professional students and serves as the umbrella organization for all of the graduate/professional school student governments. GPSG's mission is to ensure that the concerns of these students are heard and also provides services and programs such travel grants, legal and financial consulting, and social functions.[225] Hillel: Jewish Student Union (JSU), a pluralistic Jewish community that serves all Pitt undergraduates. Programs take place on campus and at the Hillel Jewish University Center at 4607 Forbes Avenue. Events include holiday, interfaith, Jewish education, social action, arts and cultural programming as well as no-fee weekly Shabbat services and dinner every Friday night.[226]

The Oakland Zoo, Pitt basketball's student cheering club

Oakland Zoo, the student athletic cheering section, an officially recognized student club. At over 2,000 members, it is the largest such group at the university. The group helps participate with the Athletic Department and Pitt Student Government Board in setting student ticket policy as well as organizing special student events.[227] The Pitt Pathfinders, student recruiters employed by the Office of Admissions of Financial Aid. They recruit prospective students by giving campus tours, attending on-and-off campus recruitment programs, and by contacting admitted students through phone and the Internet. While Pathfinder is a paid position, it is also a student organization.[228] Pitt Program Council, the all-campus programming organization at the university. Comprising eight student committees, a variety of programs and festivities are planned and sponsored including Fall Fest, Bigelow Bash, Homecoming Laser and Fireworks Show, as well as trips to New York City, Cedar Point, Spring break in Panama City Beach, FL. Other activities include art gallery exhibits, films, horseback riding, sports tournaments, lectures, fitness and dance classes, and Black and White Ball.[229] Student Government Board (SGB), the governing body that provides undergraduate students with representation to the university administration, presenting their needs, interests, and concerns. An important aspect of the SGB is allocation of the student activities fee, which provides money to over 350 student organizations at the University of Pittsburgh. The SGB has ten standing committees that address various aspects of campus life, including diversity, freshman involvement, and governmental relations.[230] Quo Vadis, a student organization that conducts guided tours and interpretations of the Cathedral of Learning's 30 Nationality Rooms.[231] Rainbow Alliance, a student advocacy group for Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer, and Allied students. Among other activities, Pitt Rainbow Alliance holds an Annual Drag Show to raise money for Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
AIDS Task Force.[232] University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Mock Trial, a yearlong extracurricular activity open to Pitt undergraduates that provides an opportunity to practice litigation through a series of team-based mock trial competitions. Pitt Mock Trial has qualified for American Mock Trial Association post-season tournaments each of the last six years, finishing in the fifth overall place at the 2008 National Championship Tournament.[233][234] William Pitt Debating Union, a co-curricular program and hub for a wide range of debating activities, including intercollegiate policy debate, public debate, and debate outreach. 1981 National Debate Tournament champions,[235] it has qualified for the National Debate Tournament forty times[236] and is one of the oldest organizations of its kind in the nation, growing from the University's Division of Public Speaking in 1912.[237]

Greek life[edit]

Hillman Library

There are 39 fraternities and sororities on the campus. As of 2008, the University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Greek system
Greek system
raised $285,000 for the University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Cancer Institute. The effort was part of the Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Greek system's five-year pledge to raise $500,000 for the cancer center.[178] They are currently participating in a three-year pledge to raise money for the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation.

Fraternities Sororities

Alpha Epsilon Pi Alpha Phi Alpha Alpha Tau Omega Beta Theta Pi Delta Chi Delta Phi Delta Sigma Phi Delta Tau Delta Iota Nu Delta Kappa Sigma Kappa Alpha Tau Lambda Chi Alpha Phi Beta Sigma Pi Lambda Phi Phi Delta Theta Pi Kappa Alpha Pi Kappa Phi

Phi Gamma Delta Phi Kappa Theta Sigma Alpha Epsilon Sigma Alpha Mu Sigma Beta Rho Sigma Chi Sigma Phi Epsilon Tau Kappa Epsilon Triangle Fraternity Zeta Beta Tau

Alpha Delta Pi Alpha Epsilon Phi Alpha Kappa Alpha Chi Omega Delta Delta Delta Delta Phi
Delta Phi
Epsilon Delta Zeta Kappa Delta

Kappa Kappa Gamma Phi Sigma Rho Sigma Delta Tau Sigma Epsilon Chi Sigma Sigma Sigma Theta Phi Alpha Theta Nu Xi Zeta Sigma Chi

Annual Greek life events[edit]

Greek Week Greek Sing Pitt Dance Marathon

Athletics[edit] Main article: Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Panthers

Cheering on the Pitt football team has traditionally been one of the most celebrated activities at the university, as depicted in this cover art from a 1915 game program.

The University of Pittsburgh's athletic teams, referred to as the " Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Panthers" or "Pitt Panthers," include 19 university-sponsored varsity teams at the highest level of competitive collegiate athletics in the United States: the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I (NCAA Division 1 Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) for american football).[238] Varsity men's sports sponsored by the university are baseball, basketball, cross country, football, soccer, swimming and diving, indoor track and field, outdoor track and field, and wrestling; while sponsored women's varsity sports include basketball, cross country, gymnastics, soccer, softball, swimming and diving, tennis, indoor track and field, outdoor track and field, and volleyball.[239] All varsity sports teams compete as members of the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC) since the 2013-14 season, with the exception of the gymnastics team competing in the East Atlantic Gymnastics League (EAGL).[240] The university also maintains membership in the Eastern College Athletic Conference (ECAC).[241] Scholastically, during 2012 calendar year, out of approximately 450 Pitt varsity student athletes, 350 had term grade point averages exceeding 3.0, including 16 that had a perfect average of 4.0, and 174 were named Big East Conference Academic All-Stars or placed on the all-academic Big East football team.[242] There are also approximately 28 additional athletic teams that compete at the non-varsity club sports level.[243] Pitt's highest-profile athletic programs, American football
American football
and men's basketball, are consistently competitive. Pitt has been regularly ranked as having one of the best combinations of football and basketball programs by multiple sports media outlets,[244][245] including CBS Sports,[246] ESPN,[247] and Sports Illustrated.[248] In the fall of 1909, the University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
was the first college or university to adopt the panther (Puma concolor) as its mascot.[31] Popular as photo sites, there are ten representations of Panthers in and about Pitt's campus, and ten more painted fiberglass panthers placed around the campus by the Pitt Student Government. These fiberglass panther structures are given to a campus group for a year and painted by the group to reflect their interests.[249] The oldest representations are four panthers that guard each corner of the Panther Hollow bridge.[250] Other Oakland locations include both inside and in front of the William Pitt Union,[251][252] outside the Petersen Events Center,[253] "Pitt the Panther" on the carousel in Schenley Plaza,[254] the Panther head fountain on the front of the Cathedral of Learning, and the Pitt Panther statue outside Heinz Field on Pittsburgh's North Side.[255] Football[edit]

Pitt Football playing Notre Dame at Heinz Field
Heinz Field
in 2015

Main article: Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Panthers football Traditionally the most popular sport at the University of Pittsburgh, football has been played at the highest levels at the university since 1890. During the more than 100 years of competitive football at Pitt, the university has helped pioneer the sport by, among other things, instituting the use of numbers on jerseys[256] and desegregating the Sugar Bowl. Some of college football's all-time greatest coaches and players have plied their trade at Pitt, including Pop Warner, Jock Sutherland, Marshall Goldberg, Joe Schmidt, Mike Ditka, Tony Dorsett, Hugh Green, Mark May, Dan Marino, Bill Fralic, Curtis Martin, Darrelle Revis, Russ Grimm, LeSean McCoy
LeSean McCoy
and Larry Fitzgerald. Among the top schools in terms of all-time wins, Pitt teams have claimed nine National Championships[257] and boast 88 players that have been chosen as first-team All-Americans.[258] Basketball[edit]

Pitt basketball in the Petersen Events Center

Main articles: Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Panthers men's basketball and Pittsburgh Panthers women's basketball Pitt first sponsored varsity men's basketball in 1905 and became an early national power after winning two Helms Foundation National Championships in 1927–28 and 1929–30. Those teams, coached by the innovative and legendary Naismith Hall of Fame inductee "Doc" Carlson, were led by National Player of the Year and Hall of Famer Charlie Hyatt. Following a Final Four appearance in 1941, Pitt appeared in a handful of NCAA tournaments throughout the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s, including an Elite Eight appearance in 1974 led by All-American Billy Knight. Pitt joined the Big East Conference in 1982, and by the end of the decade had secured a pair of Big East regular season championships led by All-Americans Charles Smith and Jerome Lane. In the 2000s (decade), led by coach Jamie Dixon, an era of consistent national and conference competitiveness has been achieved, including reaching the number one ranking in various national polls. Since 2002, Pitt has appeared in eleven NCAA tournaments advancing to five Sweet Sixteens and an Elite Eight. During this time, prior to joining the Atlantic Coast Conference in 2013, Pitt and has won three Big East regular season championships, two Big East Tournament Championships, and has advanced to six Big East Tournament Championship games.[259] The Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Panthers women's varsity basketball program started during the 1914–1915 school year and lasted until 1927 before going on hiatus until 1970. Pitt's women's team has posted several NCAA, NWIT, and EAIAW tournament appearances. Led head coach Agnus Berenato, Pitt has played in post-season tournaments each of the last five seasons, including three NCAA Tournaments appearances where it advanced to the Sweet Sixteen in 2008 and 2009.[260] Olympic sports[edit]

Official athletics logo

See also: Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Panthers baseball, Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Panthers softball, Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Panthers volleyball, and Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Panthers wrestling Pitt has a long history of success in other intercollegiate athletic events. In Track and Field, Pitt has produced several Olympic and NCAA champions such as 800 m Olympic gold medalist John Woodruff, two-time 110 m hurdle Olympic gold medalist Roger Kingdom, and seven-time NCAA champion and 2005 World Champion triple jumper Trecia-Kaye Smith.[261] The wrestling program has a rich history and is among the leaders in producing individual national champions with 16.[262] Pitt's women's volleyball team, one of the winningest program in the nation,[263] won 11 conference championships while a member of the Big East, and appeared in 11 NCAA tournaments since the program began in 1974.[264] Pitt's swimming and diving teams have produced several Olympians and won 19 men's and nine women's Big East Championships while a member of that conference. Pitt women's gymnastics is a regular qualifier for the NCAA Northeast Regional Championship.[265] Baseball, Pitt's oldest varsity sport, has produced several major league players and has reached the national 25 repeatedly, including in 2013.[266] Other varsity sports have also competed at national and conference championships and include cross country, soccer, softball, and tennis.[239][267] Support groups[edit] The University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Varsity Marching Band was founded in 1911 and performs at athletic and other events. The Pitt cheerleading squad has won multiple cheerleading national championships, including three straight from 1992 to 1994. The Pitt dance team also has been competitive in national competitions.[268][269] People[edit] Faculty[edit]

Alumni Hall, home to the Office of Admissions and Financial Aid, Alumni Relations, and more.

Main article: List of University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
faculty University faculty have been pioneers in such fields as astronomy (John Brashear), aviation (Samuel Pierpont Langley), virology (Jonas Salk), and psychology (Benjamin Spock), in addition to being given popular titles such as the Father of Radio Broadcasting (Reginald Fessenden), the Father of Project Management (David I. Cleland), the Father of CPR (Peter Safar), and the Father of Organ Transplantation (Thomas Starzl). In addition to faculty, there have been 31 university heads for the University of Pittsburgh. Beginning in the institution's academy days, the head of the school was referred to as Principal, a title that was retained until 1872 when it was changed to Chancellor by an alteration to the university's charter. This title of Chancellor has lasted except for a brief change during Wesley Posvar's administration when it was transiently switched to President.[270] Alumni[edit] Main article: List of University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
alumni Three Pitt alumni have been awarded the Nobel Prize: Paul Lauterbur '62 for his work in magnetic resonance imaging,[271] Philip Hench '20 for discovery of the hormone cortisone,[272] and Wangari Maathai
Wangari Maathai
'66 for founding the Green Belt Movement.[273] Other alumni have also been pioneers in their respective fields, including John Wistar Simpson '41, a pioneer in nuclear energy,[274] and Vladimir Zworykin
Vladimir Zworykin
'26, who has been regarded as the "father of television".[275] National Medal of Science winners include Bert W. O'Malley '59 & '63, a pioneer in steroid hormones,[276] and Herbert Boyer
Herbert Boyer
'63, Genentech
Genentech
founder and biotech pioneer;[277] while Leonard Baker '52[278] and Michael Chabon '84[279] have won the Pulitzer Prize. Pitt alumni who have excelled in professional sports include Pro Football Hall of Fame inductees Dan Marino
Dan Marino
'83,[280] Mike Ditka '61,[281] and Tony Dorsett
Tony Dorsett
'77.[282] Basketball Hall of Fame inductees include pioneering coach Clifford Carlson
Clifford Carlson
'18 & '20[283] while others, such as John Woodruff
John Woodruff
'39 and Roger Kingdom '02, have won Olympic gold.[284]

Wangari Maathai
Wangari Maathai
'66 2004 Nobel Peace Prize

Gene Kelly
Gene Kelly
'33 Academy Award
Academy Award
Winner

Michael Chabon
Michael Chabon
'84 2001 Pulitzer Prize
Pulitzer Prize
Winner

Orrin Hatch
Orrin Hatch
'62 US Senator from Utah

Notes[edit]

^ This figure reflects the total number of faculty at the Pittsburgh campus only. 391 additional faculty serve the four regional campuses for a university-wide total of 5,271 faculty members. ^ This enrollment figure reflects the total headcount of full-time and part-time undergraduate and graduate students attending classes at the University of Pittsburgh- Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Campus in Fall 2014 only. An additional 6,317 full-time and part-time undergraduate students attend the university across the four regional campuses for a university-wide headcount of 34,934 total students, 24,217 of which are undergraduates. ^ Upon joining the Commonwealth System of Higher Education in 1966, the University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
legally remained a private entity and in practice, retained the administrative and academic freedom of a private institution. It sets its own standards for student admission and retention, faculty, and teaching. Its assets remain in the hands of the corporation, its employees are employed by the corporation, and its affairs are governed by an independent Board of Trustees.[81] In-state tuition is subsidized by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
and the state provides approximately 11% of its operating budget.[82] The University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
is categorized as a public university in the Carnegie Foundation Classifications[83] and is typically listed as a public university in third party publications.[84] For simplicity, Pitt sometimes refers to itself a "public university".

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PA. Retrieved October 13, 2009.  ^ "Redeye Theatre Project". February 17, 2008. Retrieved April 29, 2008.  ^ "Pitt Musical Theater Club".  ^ a b "Pitt Men's Glee Club". Retrieved April 29, 2008.  ^ " Heinz Chapel
Heinz Chapel
choir program". Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh, PA. November 28, 1986. Retrieved July 2, 2010.  ^ " Heinz Chapel
Heinz Chapel
Choir". University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved April 29, 2008.  ^ "Department of Music: Women's Choral Ensemble". University of Pittsburgh. Archived from the original on April 23, 2008. Retrieved June 8, 2008.  ^ "Results". August 12, 2015.  ^ "Department of Music: Carpathian Ensemble". University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved October 25, 2011.  ^ "Annual Concerts by Year - University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Gamelan". www.ucis.pitt.edu.  ^ "Department of Music: The University Orchestra". University of Pittsburgh. Archived from the original on April 22, 2008. Retrieved June 8, 2008.  ^ " Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Jazz Ensemble". Jazz at Pitt. University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved August 14, 2013.  ^ "Department of Music: African Music and dance". University of Pittsburgh. Archived from the original on May 9, 2008. Retrieved June 8, 2008.  ^ "PittBand.com". University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Department of Bands. Retrieved August 26, 2013.  ^ "About WPTS". WPTS Pittsburgh. Retrieved November 19, 2009.  ^ "Jurist: FAQ". JURIST
JURIST
Legal News and Research Services. Retrieved August 26, 2013.  ^ "The Pitt News: About Us". The Pitt News. Archived from the original on February 28, 2012. Retrieved August 26, 2013.  ^ "Satirical newspaper "Pitiful News" to set for revamp". The Pitt News. Retrieved June 9, 2014.  ^ "About UPTV". University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
UPTV. Retrieved August 26, 2013.  ^ "Honors College: Student Publications". University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved August 26, 2013.  ^ "About PUR". Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Undergraduate Review. Retrieved August 27, 2008.  ^ "Pitt Political Review". Retrieved February 17, 2009.  ^ "Black Action Society Constitution". Retrieved December 30, 2014.  ^ "The Original". Retrieved February 27, 2009.  ^ Rice, Ken. "Pitt Students' Late-Night Talk
Talk
Show Growing In Popularity". Retrieved 2017-03-13.  ^ "H2P! Late-Night TV Gets Local at Pitt". Retrieved 2017-03-13.  ^ Webteam, University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
University Marketing Communications. "Jesse Irwin: Riffs and Raves on Pitt Tonight Pitt Chronicle University of Pittsburgh". www.chronicle.pitt.edu. Retrieved 2017-03-13.  ^ "#FallonVsIrwin – Pitt Tonight Challenges The Tonight Show". YouTube. April 4, 2016.  ^ EndPlay (2016-04-06). "'Pitt Tonight' show host challenges Jimmy Fallon to eating contest". WPXI. Retrieved 2017-03-13.  ^ "Pitt Tonight challenges The Tonight Show to Primanti's eating contest Freak Show Page 2 96.1 KISS". 96.1 KISS. Retrieved 2017-03-13.  ^ "Pitt Tonight challenges 'The Tonight Show'". The Tab Pitt. 2016-04-04. Retrieved 2017-03-13.  ^ "'Pitt Tonight' nominated for two college Emmy awards - The Pitt News". The Pitt News. 2016-08-11. Retrieved 2017-03-13.  ^ "WTAE leads local Mid-Atlantic Emmy list with 18 nominations". Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Post-Gazette. Retrieved 2017-03-13.  ^ "University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Freshman Prospectus" (PDF). University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Office of Admissions and Financial Aid. 2009: 30. Retrieved February 16, 2009.  ^ "Constitution". Black Action Society. Retrieved October 10, 2010.  ^ "Black Week Lecturer!!! Dr. Cornel West". Black Action Society. March 2, 2010. Archived from the original on March 9, 2010. Retrieved August 27, 2013.  ^ "The University of Pittsburgh's Black Action Society to Host Famed Director Spike Lee
Spike Lee
March 31" (Press release). University of Pittsburgh. March 26, 2009. Retrieved August 27, 2013.  ^ "Nationally Renowned Senator, Ambassador, and Author Carol Moseley Braun to Speak at Pitt April 16" (Press release). University of Pittsburgh. April 10, 2008. Retrieved August 27, 2013.  ^ "Blue and Gold Society". University of Pittsburgh. January 23, 2006. Retrieved April 29, 2008.  ^ "Newman Club Active". The Pitt Weekly: The Official Student and Alumni Journal of the University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
(Vol. V, No. 37). February 5, 1915.  ^ "The Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Oratory". Retrieved February 28, 2017.  ^ "University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Graduate and Professional Student Government". University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved April 29, 2008.  ^ "Welcome to the Hillel JUC of Pittsburgh". The Edward and Rose Berman Hillel Jewish University Center of Pittsburgh. Retrieved January 14, 2013.  ^ " Oakland Zoo
Oakland Zoo
Club". University of Pittsburgh. July 16, 2008. Retrieved October 13, 2008.  ^ "Pitt Pathfinders Fall 2013 Application" (PDF). University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved October 23, 2013.  ^ "Pitt Program Council". University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved January 12, 2009.  ^ "University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Student Government Board". University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved July 28, 2008.  ^ "Quo Vadis". University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved April 29, 2008.  ^ "Rainbow Alliance". University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved May 10, 2010.  ^ "University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Mock Trial". April 6, 2008. Retrieved April 29, 2008.  ^ "Pitt Honors College Mock Trial Team Places Fifth in American Mock Trial Association National Competition". News From Pitt. University of Pittsburgh. April 23, 2008. Retrieved April 29, 2008.  ^ "Results from Previous National Debate Tournament, 1977–1986" (PDF). Retrieved February 28, 2008.  ^ " National Debate Tournament Participating Schools, 1947–2006". Wake Forest University. Retrieved February 28, 2008.  ^ "William Pitt Debating Union". Department of Communication, Univ. of Pittsburgh. April 2, 2008. Retrieved April 29, 2008.  ^ Pitt: "Only Big Dreams". University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Athletic Media Relations Office. 2012. Retrieved August 26, 2013.  ^ a b "University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Official Athletic Site". PittsburghPanthers.com. Retrieved August 26, 2013.  ^ "2012 Pitt Gymnastics Quick Facts" (PDF). University of Pittsburgh Athletic Media Relations Office. 2012. Retrieved August 26, 2013.  ^ "ECAC: Division I (88 Members)". Eastern College Athletic Conference. Archived from the original on September 29, 2008. Retrieved August 26, 2013.  ^ "Pitt Honors Its Scholar-Athletes at Annual Breakfast". Pittsburgh, PA: PittsburghPanthers.com. February 5, 2013. Retrieved March 4, 2013.  ^ "Student Affairs: Club Sports". University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved August 26, 2013.  ^ Cirminiello, Richard (March 16, 2010). "2010 Hoops & Helmets Rankings". CollegeFootballNews.com. Retrieved July 1, 2010.  ^ Megargee, Steve (June 3, 2010). "Best of both: BCS era combined standings". Brentwood, TN: Rivals.com. Archived from the original on June 20, 2010. Retrieved July 1, 2010.  ^ Dodd, Dennis (July 22, 2010). "Flourishing Five No. 5: Resurgent Pitt football doing its part". CBSSports.com. Retrieved July 22, 2010.  ^ "Top two-sport schools over the last five years". ESPN. December 21, 2006. Retrieved August 20, 2009.  ^ Bressman, Theodore B. (December 14, 2006). "All-Sport Rankings". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved August 20, 2009.  ^ Singer, Drew (January 11, 2008). "SGB unleashes panther statues". The Pitt News. Pittsburgh, PA. Archived from the original on January 14, 2008. Retrieved August 27, 2013.  ^ " Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Art in Public Places: Oakland Walking Tour". Office of Public Art. 2006. p. 7. Retrieved October 8, 2010.  ^ Gay, Vernon; Evert, Marilyn (1983). Discovering Pittsburgh's Sculpture. University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Press. p. 198. ISBN 0-8229-3467-1. Retrieved January 31, 2013.  ^ Dragotta, Mark (September 2001). "Panther Pride". Pitt Magazine. University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved August 26, 2013.  ^ "Panther Spring". Pitt Chronicle. University of Pittsburgh. April 12, 2004. Retrieved August 27, 2013.  ^ "The PNC Carousel: Sponsored Animals". Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Parks Conservancy. Archived from the original on August 27, 2013. Retrieved August 27, 2013.  ^ Gornick, Mira, ed. (Winter 2003). "Panther Statue at Heinz Field" (PDF). World of Giving. University of Pittsburgh: 11. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 31, 2006. Retrieved August 27, 2013.  ^ O'Brien, Jim, ed. (1982). Hail to Pitt: A Sports History of the University of Pittsburgh. Wolfson Publishing Co. p. 62. ISBN 0-916114-08-2.  ^ "Pitt Athletics". PittsburghPanthers.com. Retrieved April 29, 2008.  ^ Borghetti, E.J.; Nestor, Mendy; Welsh, Celeste, eds. (2008). 2008 Pitt Football Media Guide (PDF). Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
PA: University of Pittsburgh. p. 158.  ^ Hotchkiss, Greg, ed. (2012). 2011-12 Pitt Men's Basketball Media Guide & Fact Book
Book
(PDF). University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Athletic Media Relations Office. Retrieved August 26, 2013.  ^ Brann, Stacey, ed. (2011). 2011-12 Pitt Women's Basketball Media Guide. University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Athletic Media Relations Office. Retrieved August 26, 2013.  ^ "Track & Field/Cross Country" (PDF). University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved April 29, 2008.  ^ "PITT Wrestling Media Guide 2006–2007" (PDF). University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved April 29, 2008.  ^ "Volleyball Releases 2007 Schedule". June 21, 2007. Retrieved April 29, 2008.  ^ "2006 Pitt Volleyball Media Guide" (PDF). University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved April 29, 2008.  ^ "PITT Gymnastics Media Guide 2007" (PDF). University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved April 29, 2008.  ^ "Pitt Baseball Ranked in All Five Major Polls". PittsburghPanthers.com. May 13, 2013. Retrieved May 13, 2013.  ^ O'Brien, Jim (editor) (1982). Hail to Pitt: A Sports History of the University of Pittsburgh. Wolfson Publishing Co. p. 62. ISBN 0-916114-08-2. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) ^ "Spirit Groups". Traditions. PittsburghPanthers.com. Retrieved April 29, 2008.  ^ "Cheer and Dance Finish in Top 20 in Respective Competitions". Pitt Athletics. PittsburghPanthers.com. 2007. Retrieved April 29, 2008.  ^ Hart, Peter (August 30, 2001). "Wesley Posvar, 15th chancellor of University, dies". University Times. 34 (1). Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
PA. Retrieved August 1, 2013.  ^ "Paul Lauterbur". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved August 28, 2013.  ^ "Philip Hench". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved August 28, 2013.  ^ "Wangari Maathai". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved August 28, 2013.  ^ Hevesi, Dennis (January 17, 2007). "John W. Simpson, 92, Dies. Pioneer of Nuclear Power". New York Times. Retrieved August 21, 2007.  ^ "Married". Time. November 26, 1951. Retrieved April 27, 2008. Vladimir Zworykin, 62, Russian-born, Russian-trained physicist, the "father of television," who developed the iconoscope (eye) of the TV camera in 1923  ^ Templeton, David (August 29, 2008). "Pitt graduate given highest science honor in the U.S." Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Post-Gazette. Retrieved August 29, 2008.  ^ "The Pioneers of Molecular Biology: Herb Boyer". Time Magazine, March 9, 1981 cover of TIME. February 9, 2002. Retrieved May 4, 2010.  ^ "Leonard S. Baker, 54, Dies; Won a Pulitzer Prize
Pulitzer Prize
in 1979". The New York Times. November 26, 1984. Retrieved May 7, 2010.  ^ Binelli, Mark (September 27, 2001). "The Amazing Story of the Comic- Book
Book
Nerd Who Won the Pulitzer Prize
Pulitzer Prize
for Fiction". Rolling Stone (878): 58–62, 78.  ^ "Marino's golden arm changed game". ESPN. Retrieved August 28, 2013.  ^ "Mike Ditka, Class of 1988". Pro Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved August 28, 2013.  ^ "Tony Dorsett". Pro Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved August 28, 2013.  ^ "Hall of Famers:Henry Clifford Carlson". Basketball Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on August 31, 2009. Retrieved August 28, 2013.  ^ Duke, Sophia; Shekletski, Anne, eds. (2009). 2010 Pitt Track & Field Media Guide (PDF). University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Athletics Media Relations Office. p. 56. Retrieved August 28, 2013. 

Works cited[edit]

Alberts, Robert C. (1986). Pitt: The Story of the University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
1787–1987. University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Press. ISBN 0-8229-1150-7. 

External links[edit]

PITT portal Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
portal ACC portal University portal

Wikimedia Commons has media related to University of Pittsburgh.

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of a 1921 Collier's Encyclopedia
Collier's Encyclopedia
article about University of Pittsburgh.

Official website Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Athletics website  "Pennsylvania, Western University of". New International Encyclopedia. 1905. 

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University of Pittsburgh

Located in: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Academics

Schools and Colleges

Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences Business Dental Medicine Education

Fanny Edel Falk Laboratory School

Swanson School of Engineering General Studies Katz Graduate School of Business Health and Rehabilitation Sciences Honors College Computing and Information Law Medicine Nursing Pharmacy Public and International Affairs Public Health Social Work

Centers and Institutes

Archives Service Center Cancer Institute Center for International Studies

Latin
Latin
American Studies

Center for Philosophy of Science Epidemiology Data Center Ford Institute for Human Security Learning Research and Development Center Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Life Sciences Greenhouse Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Supercomputing Center Stuttering Center of Western Pennsylvania

Athletics

Sports

Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Panthers Football Men's Basketball Women's Basketball Baseball Softball Soccer Volleyball Wrestling

Facilities

Heinz Field Petersen Events Center UPMC Sports Performance Complex Petersen Sports Complex Cost Sports Center Fitzgerald Field House Trees Hall

Rivalries

Backyard Brawl City Game Penn State–Pitt rivalry River City Rivalry ACC EAGL

Spirit

Panther mascot Oakland Zoo Varsity Marching Band "Hail to Pitt" "Victory Song" "Alma Mater"

Life

Groups

Friday Nite Improvs Heinz Chapel
Heinz Chapel
Choir Pitt Stages William Pitt Debating Union

Media

The Pitt News University Times The Original WPTS-FM JURIST

Journals

Hot Metal Bridge Three Rivers Review Pitt Law Review Journal of Law and Commerce Pitt Journal of Environmental and Public Health Law Pitt Journal of Technology Law & Policy Pitt Tax Review

Pittsburgh Campus

Historic Buildings

Allegheny Observatory Allen Hall Alumni Hall Bellefield Hall Cathedral of Learning

Nationality Rooms

Chancellor's Residence Clapp Hall Gardner Steel Conference Center Heinz Memorial Chapel Frick Fine Arts Building Music Building O'Hara Student Center Ruskin Hall Salk Hall Schenley Quadrangle Stephen Foster Memorial Thackeray Hall Thaw Hall UCDC University Club William Pitt Union

Other Buildings

Barco Law Building Benedum Hall Bouquet Gardens Chevron Science Center Clapp/Langley/Crawford Complex David Lawrence Hall Eberly Hall Forbes Hall Forbes Tower Hillman Library Information Sciences Irvis Hall LRDC Litchfield Towers Log Cabin Lothrop Hall Mervis Hall Nordenberg Hall Old Engineering Hall Parran Hall Panther Hall SRCC Posvar Hall Scaife Hall Sennott Square Sutherland Hall Victoria Building

Around Campus

Oakland

Schenley Farms Historic District

UPMC Schenley Park Schenley Plaza Carnegie Museums

Dippy

Carnegie Library Phipps Conservatory and Botanical Gardens Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
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Other Locations

Regional

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Facilities

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People

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Miscellaneous

History

Pitt Stadium Trees Field University Place Office Building

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Gene Kelly
Awards

Founded: 1787 Students: 28,617 Endowment: 3,589 billion Portal Categories Commons

Links to related articles

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University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Medical Center (UPMC)

Pittsburgh

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Regional

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International

ISMETT
ISMETT
(Italy)

Miscellaneous

UPMC Sports Performance Complex UPMC Cancer Centers UPMC Mercy
UPMC Mercy
South Side Outpatient Center UPMC Pinnacle
UPMC Pinnacle
Harrisburg Polyclinic Medical Center UPMC Braddock Forbes Tower Stuttering Center of Western Pennsylvania UPMC Health Plan UPMC Shadyside School of Nursing Center for Emergency Medicine of Western Pennsylvania STAT Medevac Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Life Sciences Greenhouse U.S. Steel Tower
U.S. Steel Tower
(corporate headquarters) List of UPMC buildings in Pittsburgh

Affiliation

University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Schools of the Health Sciences: Dental Medicine Health and Rehabilitation Sciences Medicine Nursing Pharmacy Public Health

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Timeline

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Government

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Economy

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Fortune 500
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headquarters

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84 Lumber Giant Eagle

Other corporation headquarters

American Bridge American Eagle Outfitters Ampco Pittsburgh ANSYS Armstrong Communications Atlas America Black Box Bruster's Ice Cream Calgon Carbon Compunetix Dollar Bank DQE
DQE
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EQT
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Pittsburgh
Medical Center Vocelli Pizza Wabtec

Companies with split headquarters

Alcoa ModCloth NOVA Chemicals

Subsidiary company headquarters

Allegheny Energy Bayer Corporation FedEx Ground GlaxoSmithKline
GlaxoSmithKline
USA LANXESS Respironics Vivisimo Westinghouse Electric Company

Outside companies with strong Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
relations

BNY Mellon (formerly Mellon Financial) Dreyfus Corporation Eaton Corporation Spreadshirt Macy's

Historic

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List of corporations in Pittsburgh

Sports

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Mylan
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Baseball

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Basketball

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Roundball Classic Condors Ironmen Loendi Monticello Phantoms Pipers Piranhas Pirates Rens Xplosion

Football

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Hockey

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A's Bankers Cougars Duquesne Ft. Pitt Hornets Keystones Lyceum Panthers Phantoms Pirates Pirates (WPHL) Pros Shamrocks Victorias Winter Garden Yellow Jackets

Soccer

Riverhounds SC

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Other

Sledgehammers Bulls Harlequins PCC Triangles Wallabies Studio Wrestling Dirty Dozen

Venues

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84 Lumber
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Highmark
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Parks

Allegheny Arsenal Allegheny Commons Allegheny Riverfront ArtGardens Buhl Community Chatham University
Chatham University
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Transportation

Inclines Steps

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Port Authority of Allegheny County

Light rail (List of stations)

     Blue Line – Library      Blue Line – South Hills Village      Red Line – Castle Shannon      Red Line – South Hills Village

Inclines (Historical list)

Duquesne Incline Monongahela Incline

Buses and busways (List of routes)

     Martin Luther King Jr. East Busway      South Busway      West Busway

Former lines

47 Drake Brown Line PATrain Skybus

Other

North Shore Connector Port Authority 4000 Series PCC Wabash Tunnel

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Public transportation in Greater Pittsburgh

Bus services

Port Authority of Allegheny County

list of bus routes

Beaver Butler Fayette IndiGO Mid Mon Valley Mountain Line New Castle Town & Country University of Pittsburgh Washington Westmoreland

Bus rapid transit

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Light rail

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Library South Hills Village

Inclines

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Amtrak

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Airports

Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
International Arnold Palmer Allegheny County Beaver Butler Eddie Dew Greensburg Jeannette Herron Jefferson Jimmy Stewart Joe Hardy Lakehill Monroeville New Castle Rock Rostraver Washington Wheeling Zelienople

Discontinued

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Tunnels and bridges in Pittsburgh

Tunnels

Armstrong Tunnel Cork Run Tunnel Corliss Tunnel Fort Pitt Tunnel J&L Tunnel Liberty Tunnel Mount Washington Transit Tunnel North Shore Connector
North Shore Connector
tunnel Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
and Castle Shannon Tunnel Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
& Steubenville Extension Railroad Tunnel Schenley Tunnel Squirrel Hill Tunnel Wabash Tunnel

Bridges

30th Street Bridge 31st Street Bridge 33rd Street Railroad Bridge 40th Street Bridge Bloomfield Bridge Birmingham Bridge David McCullough Bridge Fort Duquesne Bridge Fort Pitt Bridge Fort Wayne Railroad Bridge Glenwood Bridge Glenwood B&O Railroad Bridge Highland Park Bridge Homestead Grays
Homestead Grays
Bridge Hot Metal Bridge Liberty Bridge McKees Rocks Bridge Panhandle Bridge Panther Hollow Bridge Schenley Bridge Senator Robert D. Fleming Bridge Smithfield Street Bridge South Tenth Street Bridge Three Sisters

Roberto Clemente Bridge Andy Warhol Bridge Rachel Carson Bridge

Veterans Bridge West End Bridge

Attractions

Aviary Baywood Cathedral of Learning Chinatown Conservatory Dippy Immaculate Heart Duquesne Incline Heinz Chapel Little Italy Mellon Institute Mon Incline Observatory Pamela's Penn Station Point of View sculpture Primanti's Science Center Steps USS Requin Zoo Kennywood Luna Park Westinghouse Sign

Landmarks

National (City) National (County) State City PHLF Cultural

Museums

Art Arts Arts Festival Bible Fort Pitt and Blockhouse Clayton Clemente Children's Frick Glass Center History Jazz Jewish Mattress Factory Dental Miller Miss Pittsburgh Nationality Rooms National Map Natural History Soldiers and Sailors Warhol Wilson WSG

Venues

Heinz Hall Benedum Byham Harris Kelly-Strayhorn New Hazlett O'Reilly Foster Playhouse Trib Hunt Stage AE Syria Mosque Nixon Theater

Festivals

Anthrocon Arts Blues Comicon Fashion Film Folk Handmade New Works Tekko Whiskey & Fine Spirits Wine

Shopping and entertainment

Casino Gateway Clipper Fleet Station Square Strip Downtown Oakland South Side

Macy's Market Square Southside Works Waterworks Mount Washington East Liberty Squirrel Hill Shadyside Walnut Street

Opera Ballet Symphony Brass Classical Theatre Dance Ensemble Caravan Theatre Folk Light Opera Opera Theater Jewish Theatre Public Theater Playwrights Musical Theater Stage Right Youth Ballet Youth Symphony Bricolage NNOC

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Shopping malls
Shopping malls
in Pittsburgh

Enclosed

Beaver Valley Mall The Block Northway Century III Mall The Galleria of Mt. Lebanon The Mall at Robinson Monroeville Mall Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Mills Ross Park Mall South Hills Village Station Square Uniontown Mall Warner Centre Washington Crown Center Westmoreland Mall

Lifestyle / Outdoor

Bakery Square Edgewood Towne Centre Ellsworth Avenue McCandless Crossing Northern Lights Robinson Town Centre Settlers Ridge SouthSide Works Walnut Street The Waterfront Waterworks Mall

Outlet

Grove City Premium Outlets Tanger Outlets Pittsburgh

Defunct

Allegheny Center Mall East Hills Shopping Center (Eastgate Commerce Center) Eastland Mall Greengate Mall Parkway Center Mall Village Square Mall Washington Mall

Colleges and universities

Pitt Carnegie Mellon Duquesne Robert Morris Chatham Point Park Carlow Art Institute Byzantine Catholic Seminary Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Theological Seminary Saint Paul Seminary CCAC

Culture of Pittsburgh

Cookie table Jewish history Iron City Brewing Company Jagoff Joe Magarac Mister Rogers' Neighborhood Mr. Yuk Parking chairs Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
left Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
toilet Robot Hall of Fame Steeler Nation

Book Category Portal

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Association of American Universities

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Private

Boston U Brandeis Brown Caltech Carnegie Mellon Case Western Reserve Chicago Columbia Cornell Duke Emory Harvard Johns Hopkins MIT Northwestern NYU Penn Princeton Rice Rochester USC Stanford Tulane Vanderbilt Wash U Yale

Canadian (public)

McGill Toronto

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Universities Research Association

Public

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Texas A&M Texas Tech Virginia Virginia Tech Washington Wayne State William & Mary Wisconsin

Private

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Atlantic Coast Conference

Atlantic Division

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Notre Dame Fighting Irish
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Coastal Division

Duke Blue Devils Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets Miami Hurricanes North Carolina Tar Heels Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Panthers Virginia Cavaliers Virginia Tech
Virginia Tech
Hokies

Championships & awards

Conference champions National championships Athlete of the Year

Broadcast partners

Raycom Sports
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ESPN
( ACC Network
ACC Network
Extra)

v t e

East Atlantic Gymnastics League

George Washington Colonials New Hampshire Wildcats North Carolina Tar Heels NC State Wolfpack Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Panthers

v t e

Muisca

Topics

General

Agriculture Architecture Art Astronomy Calendar Cuisine Economy Mummification Music Muysccubun Mythology Numerals Religion Society Toponyms Warfare Women

Specific

Battle of Pasca
Battle of Pasca
(~1470) Battle of Chocontá
Battle of Chocontá
(~1490) Chicha Duit Emeralds Muisca
Muisca
raft Ruana Tejo Tunjo Zoratama

The Salt People

Zipaquirá Nemocón Tausa Sesquilé

Geography and history

Altiplano Cundiboyacense

Bogotá River

Frío Fucha Juan Amarillo Soacha Teusacá Torca Tunjuelo

Bogotá savanna

Suba Hills Wetlands

Eastern Hills Flora & fauna Suárez River Ubaté-Chiquinquirá Valley

Neighbouring areas

Ocetá Páramo Tenza Valley

History

Prehistory (<10,000 BP)

Lake Humboldt El Abra Tibitó Sueva Tequendama

Lithic (10,000 - 2800 BP)

Piedras del Tunjo Checua Galindo Nemocón Sáchica Aguazuque Lake Herrera El Infiernito

Ceramic (>800 BC)

Herrera (800 BC - 800) Early Muisca
Muisca
(800 - 1200) Muisca
Muisca
Confederation (~1450 - 1540) Cabildo Mayor (>2002)

Religion and mythology

Deities

Chiminigagua Bachué Chía Sué Bochica Huitaca Chibchacum Cuchavira Nencatacoa Chaquén Chibafruime Guahaioque

Sacred sites

Built

Sun Temple Moon Temple Cojines del Zaque Goranchacha
Goranchacha
Temple Hunzahúa
Hunzahúa
Well

Natural

Fúquene Guasca Guatavita Iguaque Siecha Suesca Tota Ubaque Tequendama
Tequendama
Falls

Mythology

Myths

El Dorado Monster of Lake Tota

Mythological figures

Goranchacha Idacansás Pacanchique Thomagata

Caciques and neighbours

Northern caciques

zaque of Hunza

Hunzahúa Michuá Quemuenchatocha Aquiminzaque

iraca of Suamox

Nompanim Sugamuxi

cacique of Tundama 

Tundama

Southern caciques

zipa of Bacatá

Meicuchuca Saguamanchica Nemequene Tisquesusa Sagipa

cacique of Turmequé

Diego de Torres y Moyachoque

Neighbours

Chibcha-speaking

U'wa Sutagao Guane Lache

Arawak-speaking

Achagua Tegua Guayupe

Cariban-speaking

Panche Muzo Yarigui

Spanish conquest

Conquistadors

Major

Gonzalo de Quesada Hernán de Quesada Baltasar Maldonado Gonzalo Suárez Rendón Juan de Céspedes Juan de San Martín

Minor

Antonio Díaz de Cardoso Antonio de Lebrija Bartolomé Camacho Zambrano Gonzalo García Zorro Gonzalo Macías Hernán Venegas Carrillo Juan de Albarracín Juan del Junco Juan Tafur Lázaro Fonte Luis Lanchero Martín Galeano Martín Yañéz Tafur Miguel Holguín y Figueroa Ortún Velázquez de Velasco Pedro Fernández de Valenzuela Pedro Ruíz Corredor

Neighbouring conquests

Conquest of the Chibchan Nations Conquest of the Muzo Conquest of the Panche

Battle of Tocarema
Battle of Tocarema
(1538)

Research and collections

Scholars

Acosta Acosta Samper De Aguado Arango Broadbent De Castellanos Celis Correal Duquesne Freyle Friede Gamboa Groot Hammen Humboldt Izquierdo Langebaek De Lugo Ocampo De Piedrahita De Quesada Reichel-Dolmatoff Schrimpff Simón Triana Uricoechea Zerda

Publications

Elegías (1589) El Carnero (1638) Epítome (1889)

Research institutes

ICANH Universidad Nacional Universidad de los Andes Universidad La Javeriana University of Pittsburgh UPTC

Collections

Museo del Oro Archaeology Museum of Sogamoso Archaeology Museum of Pasca Metropolitan Museum of Art

Category Portal Images

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Institutions of higher learning in the Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
metro area

Art Institute of Pittsburgh Butler County Community College Byzantine Catholic Seminary of SS. Cyril and Methodius California University of Pennsylvania Carlow University Carnegie Mellon University Chatham University Community College of Allegheny County Community College of Beaver County Duquesne University Geneva College Grove City College Indiana University of Pennsylvania La Roche College Penn State Beaver Penn State Fayette Penn State Greater Allegheny Penn State New Kensington Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Theological Seminary Point Park University Reformed Presbyterian Theological Seminary Robert Morris University Saint Vincent College Seton Hill University Slippery Rock University of Pennsylvania Trinity School for Ministry University of Pittsburgh University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
at Greensburg Washington & Jefferson College Waynesburg University Westminster College Westmoreland County Community College

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Public colleges and universities in Pennsylvania

State-owned

Bloomsburg California Cheyney Clarion East Stroudsburg Edinboro Indiana Kutztown Lock Haven Mansfield Millersville Shippensburg Slippery Rock West Chester

State-related

Lincoln University Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
State University

Commonwealth campuses

University of Pittsburgh Temple University

Community colleges

Community College of Allegheny County Community College of Beaver County Bucks County Community College Butler County Community College Delaware County Community College Harrisburg Area Community College Lehigh Carbon Community College Luzerne County Community College Montgomery County Community College Northampton Community College Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Highlands Community College Community College of Philadelphia Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Institute of Mortuary Science Reading Area Community College Thaddeus Stevens College of Technology Westmoreland County Community College

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Public Ivy
Public Ivy
universities

Richard Moll's 1985 list

Original Eight

College of William & Mary Miami University University of California University of Michigan University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill University of Texas at Austin University of Vermont University of Virginia

"Worthy Runners-Up"

Binghamton University, State University of New York University of Colorado Boulder Georgia Institute of Technology University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign New College of Florida Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
State University University of Pittsburgh University of Washington
University of Washington
at Seattle University of Wisconsin–Madison

Greenes' Guides 2001 list

Eastern

Binghamton University, State University of New York College of William & Mary Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
State University Rutgers University University of Connecticut University of Delaware University of Maryland University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill University of Vermont University of Virginia

Western

University of Arizona University of California:

Berkeley Davis Irvine Los Angeles San Diego Santa Barbara

University of Colorado Boulder University of Washington

Great Lakes & Midwest

Indiana University Miami University Ohio State University University of Illinois University of Iowa University of Michigan Michigan State University University of Minnesota University of Wisconsin

Southern

University of Florida University of Georgia University of Texas at Austin

Coordinates: 40°26′40″N 79°57′12″W / 40.444565°N 79.953274°W / 40.444565

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