The UNIVERSITY OF OKLAHOMA (OU) is a coeducational public research
Norman, Oklahoma . Founded in 1890, it had existed in
Oklahoma Territory near
Indian Territory for 17 years before the two
became the state of Oklahoma. In Fall 2016 the university had 31,250
students enrolled, most at its main campus in Norman. Employing
nearly 3,000 faculty members, the school offers 152 baccalaureate
programs, 160 master\'s programs, 75 doctorate programs, and 20 majors
at the first professional level.
David Lyle Boren , a former U.S.
Oklahoma Governor , has served as the university's
president since 1994.
The school is ranked first among public universities in enrollment of
National Merit Scholars and among the top ten in the graduation of
Rhodes Scholars . PC Magazine and the Princeton Review rated it one
of the "20 Most Wired Colleges" in both 2006 and 2008, while the
Carnegie Foundation classifies it as a research university with "very
high research activity." Its Norman campus has two prominent museums,
the Fred Jones Jr. Museum of Art, specializing in French Impressionism
and Native American artwork, and the Sam Noble
Oklahoma Museum of
Natural History , specializing in the natural history of Oklahoma.
The school, well known for its athletic programs, has won 7 NCAA
Division I National Football Championships. Its baseball team has won
2 NCAA national championships and the women's softball team won the
national championship four times: in 2000, 2013, and consecutively in
2016 and 2017. The gymnastics teams have won four national
championships since 2002 and its football program has the best winning
percentage of any Division I -FBS team since the introduction of the
AP Poll in 1936, playing in four BCS national championship games
since the inception of the BCS system in 1998.
* 1 History
* 2 Academic profile
* 3 Campuses
* 3.1 Norman campus
* 3.1.1 Main campus
* 3.1.2 North campus
* 3.1.3 South campus
* 3.1.4 Research campus
* 3.2 Health Sciences Center
* 3.3 OU–
* 3.4 OU in Arezzo
* 3.5 Other study centers
* 4 Museums and libraries
* 5 Residential life
* 6 Student organizations, activities, and media
* 7 Athletics
* 8 Notable people and alumni
* 9 See also
* 10 Notes
* 11 References
* 12 External links
With the support of Governor
George Washington Steele , on December
18, 1890 the
Oklahoma Territorial legislature established three
universities: the state university in Norman, the agricultural and
mechanical college in Stillwater (later renamed
University ) and a normal school in Edmond (later renamed University
Oklahoma ). Oklahoma's admission into the union in 1907
led to the renaming of the Norman Territorial University as the
University of Oklahoma. Norman residents donated 407 acres (1.6 km2)
of land for the university 0.5 miles (0.8 km) south of the Norman
railroad depot. The university's first president ordered the planting
of trees before the construction of the first campus building because
he "could not visualize a treeless university seat." Landscaping
remains important to the university.
The university's first president,
David Ross Boyd , arrived in Norman
in August 1892, and the first students enrolled that year. The
university established a School of Pharmacy in 1893 because of high
demand for pharmacists in the territory. Three years later, the
university awarded its first degree to a pharmaceutical chemist. The
"Rock Building" in downtown Norman held the initial classes until the
university's first building opened on September 6, 1893. Donald
W. Reynolds Center for the Performing Arts, formerly Holmberg Hall,
exemplifies the school's architectural style.
On January 6, 1903, the university's only building burned down and
destroyed many records of the early university. Construction began
immediately on a new building, as several other towns hoped to
convince the university to move. President Boyd and the faculty were
not dismayed by the loss. Mathematics professor Frederick Elder said,
"What do you need to keep classes going? Two yards of blackboard and a
box of chalk." As a response to the fire, English professor Vernon
Louis Parrington created a plan for the development of the campus.
Most of the plan was never implemented, but Parrington's suggestion
for the campus core formed the basis for the North Oval. The North and
South Ovals are now distinctive features of the campus.
The campus has a distinctive architecture, with buildings designed in
a unique "
Cherokee Gothic " style. The style has many features of the
Gothic era but has also mixed the designs of local Native American
tribes from Oklahoma. This term was coined by the renowned American
architect Frank Lloyd Wright when he visited the campus. The
university has built over a dozen buildings in the
Presidents of the
David Ross Boyd , 1892–1908
A. Grant Evans , 1908–1912
Stratton D. Brooks , 1912–1923
James S. Buchanan , 1923–1925
William Bennett Bizzell , 1925–1941
Joseph A. Brandt , 1941–1943
George Lynn Cross , 1943–1968
* John Herbert Hollomon , 1968–1970
Paul F. Sharp , 1971–1977
William S. Banowsky , 1978–1984
Frank E. Horton , 1985–1988
Richard L. Van Horn , 1989–1994
David Boren , 1994–present
Oklahoma entered statehood, fostering changes in the
political atmosphere of the state. Up until this point, Oklahoma's
Republican tendencies changed with the election of Oklahoma's first
governor , the Democratic
Charles N. Haskell . Since the inception of
the university, different groups on campus were divided by religion.
Early in the university's existence, many professors were Presbyterian
, as was Boyd. Under pressure, Boyd eventually hired several Baptists
and Southern Methodists . The Presbyterians and
Baptists got along
but the Southern Methodists conflicted with the administration. Two
notable Methodists, Rev. Nathaniel Lee Linebaugh and Professor Ernest
Taylor Bynum, were critics of Boyd and activists in Haskell's election
campaign. When Haskell took office, he fired many of the Republicans
at the university, including President Boyd.
The campus expanded over the next several decades. By 1932, the
university encompassed 167 acres (0.7 km2). Development of South Oval
allowed for the southern expansion of the campus. The university built
a new library on the oval's north end in 1936. Then President Bizzell
was able to get the
Oklahoma legislature to approve $500,000 for the
new library up from their original offer of $200,000. This allowed for
an even greater collection of research materials for students and
faculty. President Brooks\' inauguration took place in front of
Evans Hall in 1912.
Like many universities, OU had a drop in enrollment during World War
II . Enrollment in 1945 dropped to 3,769, from its pre–World War II
high of 6,935 in 1939.
Many infrastructure changes have occurred at the university. The
southern portion of south campus in the vicinity of Constitution
Avenue, still known to long-time Norman residents as 'South Base', was
originally built as an annex to Naval Air Station Norman. It contained
mostly single-story frame buildings used for classrooms and military
housing. By the late 1980s, most were severely deteriorated and were
demolished in the 1990s to make room for redevelopment. The Jimmie
Austin University of
Oklahoma Golf Course was built as a U.S. Navy
World War II
World War II , OU was one of 131 colleges and universities
nationally that took part in the V-12 Navy
College Training Program
which offered students a path to a Navy commission.
The north campus and airfield were built in the early 1940s as Naval
Air Station Norman. The station served mainly an advanced flight
training mission and could handle all but the largest bombers. A
large earthen mound east of Interstate 35 and north of Robinson
Street, colloquially known as 'Mount Williams', was used as a gunnery
(the mound has since been removed to make way for a commercial
development). In the post–
World War II
World War II demobilization , the
university received the installation. Naval aviator's wings displayed
at the entrance to the terminal commemorates this airfield's Naval
After the World War, a period of rapid growth occurred on the campus
and enrollment surged. By 1965, enrollment had risen over 450% to
17,268, causing housing shortages. In the mid-1960s, the
administration completed construction of three new 12-story
dormitories located immediately south of the South Oval. In addition
to these three towers, an apartment complex was completed that housed
married students, including men returning to college under the GI Bill
. These apartments are now Kraettli Apartments. Bizzell Library
sits at the heart of the university's Norman campus.
George Lynn Cross took over as president of the university,
two years after the U.S. entered World War II. He served until 1968,
25 years later, becoming the longest-serving president in history of
the university. Five presidents served in the next 25 years. In 1994,
the university hired a president who has stayed longer.
Civil Rights Movement began a new era as the university began
policies against racial discrimination and segregation after legal
challenges and court cases outlawed discrimination. The Bizzell
Memorial Library has been designated a U.S. National Historic Landmark
in commemoration of the cases of G. W. McLaurin, a black man who was
denied admission to graduate school in 1948. It was then state law
that no school should serve both white and black students, but there
were few or no separate graduate programs available for blacks. A
court case effectively forced the Board of Regents to vote to admit
McLaurin, but he was directed to study in a separated area within the
law library and to be allowed to lunch only in a segregated area as
well. The National Association for Advancement of Colored People
brought the case to the U.S. Supreme court in _McLaurin vs. Oklahoma
State Board of Regents _. In 1950, the court overturned the
university's policy for segregation at the graduate school level. The
case was an important precedent for the more famous and sweeping 1954
case of _
Brown v. Board of Education _ which disallowed "separate but
equal" policy at all school levels.
David Boren became president in 1994, the University of
Oklahoma system has experienced tremendous growth, with an increase in
new developments throughout including the purchase of 60 acres (0.2
km2) for OU-Tulsa, the new Gaylord Hall, Price Hall, the ExxonMobil
Lawrence G. Rawl Engineering Practice Facility, Devon Energy Hall, the
Wagner Student Academic Services Center, the Research and Medical
Clinic, the expansions of the Fred Jones Jr. Museum of Art, and the
National Weather Center .
The class of 2013 is the largest incoming freshmen class in
Oklahoma history with more than 4,200 students, more
National Merit Scholars and more than 300 State Regents
Scholars among the freshmen. In the past 4 years there have been $2
billion in private donations and 10 times as many
Rhodes Scholars as
any other university in Oklahoma.
In March 2015, the University of
Oklahoma shut down the Oklahoma
Kappa chapter of the
Sigma Alpha Epsilon fraternity when a video
surfaced that showed members singing a racist chant while riding on a
Sigma Alpha Epsilon shut down the chapter on March 8, 2015, and
David Boren gave members two days to
leave the fraternity house. He also expelled two students who he said
"played a leadership role" in the incident, creating "a hostile
learning environment for others". The expulsion, allegedly without
due process, earned the university a spot on the Foundation for
Individual Rights in Education 's 2016 "10 Worst Colleges for Free
_U.S. NEWS & WORLD REPORT _
_WASHINGTON MONTHLY _
_U.S. NEWS currently Creek, Choctaw, and
Cherokee I, II, and III
are offered in both fall and spring semesters. The university has a
high four-year full-time undergraduate enrollment including a high
transfer-in population. While the two main campuses are located in
Oklahoma City , affiliated programs in
Tulsa expand access
for students in eastern Oklahoma. Some of the programs in Tulsa
include: medicine, pharmacy, nursing, public health, allied health and
liberal arts studies. Gaylord Hall, home of the Gaylord College
of Journalism and Mass Communication, finished construction in 2004.
In addition to 152 majors to choose from, the University of Oklahoma
also has a nationally recognized Honors
College featuring its own
dedicated faculty, dormitories, and writing center. Every student
from any major can apply to the college; if accepted the student is
eligible to take honors classes and graduate cum laude . In order to
graduate with honors, the student must complete 18 credit hours of
honors classes and submit an honors thesis. Transfer students are able
to transfer up to nine credit hours of honor classes from a different
Students come from all 50 U.S. states and over 100 countries. 32% of
the 2006 freshmen were in the top 10% of their high school class.
Ethnic minority groups represent over 25% of newly enrolled
undergraduates and 27% of all students. In addition, the university
has an enrollment of over 700
National Merit Scholars, making it first
per capita among public universities.
Due to stricter enrollment policies in recent years, average
scores for incoming students are on the rise. The average ACT score
for a first-time student in 2006 was 25.8 while in 1999, it was 24.5.
In addition to being a member of the Southeastern Universities
Research Association and Universities Research Association, the
Oklahoma has been categorized as "more selective" by the
Carnegie Foundation. For the 2010-2011 school year, 9,996 applied and
8,498 were admitted (85%). The university's freshman retention rate
in 2009 was 82% and the six-year graduation rate was 62.0%.
Map of the Norman campuses excluding the north campus
As of the fall of 2009, the Norman campus had 18,667 undergraduate
students and 6,367 postgraduate students . Following the Sooners'
2000 football national-championship season the university experienced
an increase in college applicants and admissions. The falls of 1999
and 2000 both saw a 1.3% increase in the number of students over the
respective previous years while the fall of 2001 saw an increase of
4.8% over 2000. Price Hall, an addition to the Michael F. Price
College of Business, finished construction in 2005.
The largest school, the
College of Arts & Sciences , enrolls 35.2% of
the OU-Norman students. The
College of Arts "> Memorial Stadium
houses University of
Oklahoma football games, as well as the campus
On the east side of the northernmost part of campus sits Sarkeys
Energy Center while to the west is the Fred Jones, Jr. School of Art
and Museum, home to the Weitzenhoffer Collection of
and the Catlett Music Center. Just south of Catlett is Goddard Health
Center , an on-campus clinic that provides medical care and
counseling and testing services to students, faculty, staff, and their
dependents. Goddard comprises the OU Health Services laboratory,
Counseling Services, Health Promotion, and a pharmacy. The Van Vleet
Oval (or South Oval) is anchored on the north by the Bizzell Memorial
Library and flanked by academic buildings. When class is in session,
the South Oval is often inundated with students going to and from
class. Elm Avenue bounds the western edge of the academic portion of
OU, with a few exceptions. Lying between Elm Avenue and Chautauqua
Avenue are mostly fraternity and sorority houses. Oklahoma
On the east side of the central part of campus lies Gaylord Family
Oklahoma Memorial Stadium , just north of Lindsey Street on
Jenkins Avenue. Immediately adjacent to the stadium is the Barry
Switzer Center, a museum highlighting the historical success of
Oklahoma athletics, as well as a comprehensive training facility for
Oklahoma athletes. North of the stadium is the McCasland Field House,
the former home of
Oklahoma Basketball and the current home of
Oklahoma's wrestling, volleyball and gymnastics programs. Across
Jenkins Avenue are the athletic dorms and statues honoring Oklahoma's
Heisman Trophy winners. Other statues on campus include
several honoring the Native Americans who defined so much of
Oklahoma's history and a new memorial statue on the north side of
Oklahoma Memorial Stadium honoring OU students, faculty, and staff
that have died while serving in the armed forces . South Oval
with Bizzell Library in the background
The portion of OU's main campus south of Lindsey Street includes
three Colleges, University housing, student activity and fitness
facilities, and the
Oklahoma Center for Continuing Education. The Joe
C. and Carole Kerr McClendon Honors
College is located in David L.
Boren Hall, which serves as an Academic Arts Community where
residential rooms, faculty offices, classrooms, a computer center and
library are all available in the same building. Other residence halls
include the twelve-story Adams, Couch and Walker Centers, as well as
Cate Center, made up of three- and four-story buildings, which are
transitioning to faculty offices. Adjacent to the residence
facilities are the Huston Huffman Fitness Center, Henderson-Tolson
Cultural Center and the Jim Thorpe Multicultural Center. The Murray
Case Sells Swim Complex is also nearby, providing indoor and outdoor
swimming opportunities for the OU community. The
Oklahoma Center for
Continuing Education (OCCE) is one of eleven W. K. Kellogg
Foundation-funded centers in the United States and Britain. It is home
to OU Outreach, which consists of the
College of Continuing Education
College of Liberal Studies , and includes a conference center
able to host events of up to 1500 participants.
Oklahoma administration prides itself on the aesthetic appeal of
the campus. All three campuses (
Norman, Oklahoma City, and Tulsa)
have beautifully landscaped gardens. Trees were planted on the OU
campus before the first building was ever built. There are also many
statues and sculptures around campus, most of which portray the strong
influence of the Native American culture.
There are also four buildings on the main campus that are listed on
National Register of Historic Places . They are the Bizzell
Library , the
Beta Theta Pi fraternity house, Casa Blanca (the old
Alpha Chi Omega sorority house), and Boyd House – the residence of
the university president. Several campus buildings seen from
Sarkeys Energy Center
In September 2008, it was announced that the University of Oklahoma's
main campus will be entirely powered by wind by 2013. According to OU
President David Boren, "It is our patriotic duty as Americans to help
our country achieve energy independence and to be sound stewards of
the environment." The school plans to purchase its energy from the OU
Spirit Wind Farm, which is scheduled for construction near Woodward in
late 2009. The new source of energy is projected to cost the
university an additional $5 million per year.
The Anne and Henry Zarrow School of Social Work was completed on the
Norman campus in 2011 and houses state of the art facilities for the
training of undergraduate and graduate social workers. The 12 million
dollar building is named for the Zarrow family, a philanthropic couple
from Tulsa, Oklahoma. The Zarrow's donated 5 million dollars as the
keystone donors for the new building with the remaining funds coming
from a bequest of Ruth I. Knee, a graduate of the program, and a
portion of the states federal stimulus funds.
On the far north side of Norman is the OU Research Park, which
includes University of
Oklahoma Max Westheimer Airport (ICAO : KOUN),
Radar Operations Center , the old National Severe Storms
Laboratory facility, the OU OKDHS Training and Research Center, the OU
ITS Lab, and Merrick Computer and Technology Center. This part of
campus is frequented by students studying aviation. The Aviation
Accreditation Board has accredited the
Aviation at North
Base – one of the most prestigious establishments of its type in the
United States – as one of only 29 accredited colleges in the world.
National Weather Center calls the university's south campus
South of student housing is Timberdell Road, the approximate southern
boundary of the university. South of this road are University-owned
apartments and athletic complexes. Also on the south side of
Timberdell Road is the
College of Law building which was expanded in
2002 by the addition of a larger law library and courtroom. There are
additional athletic complexes in this area, including L. Dale Mitchell
Baseball Park , the OU
Softball Field, and
Lloyd Noble Center (the
OU owns the wooded area just south of Highway 9 between Chautauqua
and Jenkins. This area is called Oliver's Woods. Ecology classes take
field trips to Oliver's Woods frequently. They can use the area to
study Ecological patterns including tree growth and pH in the ground.
Visible patterns of plant dispersion can be studied in Oliver's Woods
as well, including uniform, random, and clumped patterns. The area has
a trail for people to follow and a creek running through the lower
While this area has traditionally lacked academic buildings, the
pressure of expansion in the northern part of campus led recently to
the construction of new academic buildings – such as the National
Weather Center and Stephenson Research and Technology Center – on
the south end of campus. This area, now termed The University of
Oklahoma's Research Campus, "brings academic, public and private
sector organizations together in a mutually beneficial collaborative
environment." In 2004, global weather information provider
WeatherNews opened its U.S. Operations Center in One Partners Place,
located in the research campus one block away from the new NWC
building. The southern boundary of the research campus is State
Highway 9 . OU's
Advanced Radar Research Center is also located on the
Research campus in its new Radar Innovations Laboratory building. As
of 2013 the Life Sciences Research Center has opened, housing
numerous chemical and biochemical research labs. Other buildings
located on the research campus include One Partners Place, Two
Partners Place, Three Partners Place, Four Partners Place, and Five
Partners Place. Housed within these buildings are the Center for
Spatial Analysis and the Center for Applied Social Research amongst
HEALTH SCIENCES CENTER
Main article: University of
Oklahoma Health Sciences Center
The University of
Oklahoma Health Sciences Center 's main campus is
located at the
Oklahoma Health Center in
Oklahoma City, while a
secondary Health Sciences campus is in
Tulsa . About 3,500 students
enroll in one of the seven colleges at the Health Center. The
distribution of students in each of these colleges is more uniform
than that of the main campus.
OUHSC at night
The University of
Oklahoma Health Sciences Center (
established in the early 20th century, is OU's presence in Oklahoma
OUHSC is one of only four academic health centers in the nation
with seven professional colleges. The nineteen buildings that make up
OUHSC campus occupies a fifteen block area in
Oklahoma City near
Oklahoma State Capitol . Surrounding these buildings are an
additional twenty health-related buildings some of which are owned by
the University of Oklahoma. With approximately 600 students and 600
residents and fellows training in specialties and subspecialties of
College of Medicine is the largest component of the
Health Sciences Center. The major clinical facilities on campus are
the OU Medical Center hospital complex and they include The Children's
Hospital, the OU Physicians clinics, and the
Oklahoma City Veterans
Administration Medical Center. The
Oklahoma Health Center at large has
large biomedical research facilities operated by the university joined
on campus by a growing biomedical and pharmaceutical research
corporations developed by the
Presbyterian Health Foundation,
dedicated to biotechnology, research, and new scientific ventures.
Tulsa Seedsower at the corner of 41st and Yale in
The University of Oklahoma–
Tulsa Schusterman Center is home to all
OU programs in Tulsa, OU Physicians-
Tulsa and the School of Community
Tulsa offers six bachelor's degree completion programs;
14 master's degree programs; doctoral programs in medicine, physical
therapy, education, early childhood education, engineering and
nursing, as well as nine residency programs in medicine. More than 200
full-time faculty teach OU-
Tulsa students and enrollment at OU-Tulsa
exceeds 1,600 students. More than 1,000 employees work at the OU-Tulsa
Schusterman Center and OU Physicians medical clinics throughout Tulsa.
Tulsa has service, education and research affiliations with more
than 100 community agencies.
Established in 1972 as a branch of the main Health Sciences Center
Oklahoma City, the
OU School of Community Medicine ,
College of Medicine–Tulsa, has enabled the university
to establish medical residencies and provide for expanded health care
capabilities in the state. Between 1972 and 1999, OU's presence in
Tulsa had grown but scattered. In 1999, a 60-acre (24 ha) site
formerly owned by
BP Amoco was sold to the university for $24 million
(even though the property was appraised at $48 million). The site
already featured a 370,000 square feet (34,370 m2) building with
offices, labs, and classrooms. The university purchased this property
with the help of a $10 million gift from the Charles and Lynn
Schusterman Family Foundation . The existing building was renamed the
_Schusterman Center_. This historic, 60-acre property in the heart of
Tulsa features original mid-century architecture surrounded by nearly
1,000 trees. New construction of the Schusterman Library and
Schusterman Learning Center at OU-
Tulsa has been designed in keeping
with the original building style.
Tulsa voters approved the
Vision 2025 plan for capital
improvements to the
Tulsa metro area. Included in this plan was $30
million for a new Research and Medical Clinic near the existing
Schusterman Center. Construction on the new building, the OU
Schusterman Clinic, was completed in June 2007.
Tulsa is also home to the OU School of Community Medicine. Created
with the support of a $50 million donation from the George Kaiser
Family Foundation, the school's mission is to improve the health
status of all Oklahomans, particularly the urban and rural
OU School of Community Medicine faculty comprises around 200
physicians representing a wide field of specialties. These doctors
also form the OU Physicians medical practice group, which provides
care to patients at some 25 clinic sites in the
Tulsa area. The
faculty's time is split among teaching medical students, supervising
medical residents and providing patient care.
OU IN AREZZO
In 2012, The University of
Oklahoma purchased a monastery in Arezzo,
Italy . In early 2016, renovations to the monastery neared completion
and OU began the use of its newest permanent "campus" (denominated as
a "Study Center") location outside of the state of Oklahoma. The
university expects that one in five OU students who study abroad will
go through the Arezzo campus. The Arezzo campus has been described by
university president, David Boren, as a first step for students and
their parents to become acquainted with the world and gain an
educational experience in a foreign land. The campus is scheduled to
be dedicated in the summer of 2016. Boren chose the smaller town of
Arezzo in part because of the small size of the town relative to
Florence , which boasts programs from about 50 American
universities. With such a large number of American college students in
Florence, Boren was concerned that OU students would have socialized
with other Americans rather than the local Italians.
OTHER STUDY CENTERS
OU has study centers in Puebla,
Mexico and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil . A
center is planned for İzmir, Turkey .
MUSEUMS AND LIBRARIES
Fred Jones Jr. Museum of Art on the University of Oklahoma
campus has a different architectural style than the rest of the
The university has two prominent museums, the Fred Jones Jr. Museum
of Art and the Sam Noble
Oklahoma Museum of Natural History .
* The Museum of Art was founded in 1936 and originally headed by
Oscar Jacobson, the director of the School of Art at the time. The
museum opened with over 2,500 items on display and was originally
located on campus in Jacobson Hall. Mr. and Mrs. Fred Jones of
Oklahoma City donated money for a permanent building in 1971 and the
building was named in honor of their son who died in a plane crash
during his senior year at the University of Oklahoma. Since then, the
museum has acquired many renowned works of Native American art and, in
2000, received the Weitzenhoffer Collection of French Impressionism
which includes works by Degas ,
Gauguin , Monet , Pissarro , Renoir ,
Toulouse-Lautrec , Van Gogh , and
Vuillard . As of 2011 the museum
has over 65,000 square feet (6,000 m²) filled with over 8,000 items
from a wide array of time periods and movements . In 2005, the museum
expanded with the opening of the new Lester Wing designed by
Hugh Newell Jacobsen . The architectural style
of the new addition deviates from the Collegiate Gothic style of the
university, but Jacobsen felt this was necessary given the
contemporary works of art the wing would house.
* The Sam Noble
Oklahoma Museum of Natural History , located south
of the main campus and directly southwest of the law building,
specializes in the history of the people and animals that have
Oklahoma over the last 300 million years. Since its founding
in 1899, the museum has acquired over 5,000,000 objects. In 2000, a
new building was opened to house the ever-expanding museum. The new
building offered nearly 200,000 square feet (18,600 m²) of space to
display the many exhibits the museum has to offer.
Great Reading Room inside
Bizzell Memorial Library
The University of
Oklahoma Library system has its headquarters in
Bizzell Memorial Library . The largest research library in Oklahoma,
it contains over 4.7 million volumes and is ranked 27th out of 113
research libraries in North America in volumes held. It contains more
than 1.6 million photographs , subscriptions to over 31,000
periodicals , over 1.5 million maps , government documents dating back
to 1893, and over 50 incunabula . It has eight locations on campus.
The primary library is Bizzell Memorial Library, located in the middle
of the main campus. Other notable campus libraries include the
Architecture Library, the Engineering Library, the Fine Arts Library,
the Physics and Astronomy Library, and the Geology Library. The OU
library system contains many unique collections such as the History of
Science Collections (which houses over 94,000 volumes related to the
history of science, including hand-noted works by
Galileo Galilei ),
the Bizzell Bible Collection, and the Western History Collection.
The School of Library and Information Studies (SLIS), the only
American Library Association -accredited program in Oklahoma, offers
a graduate degree (Master of Library and Information Studies) and an
undergraduate degree (Bachelor of Arts in Information Studies). The
impact of OU and SLIS on the history of libraries in
Oklahoma is shown
in the recent list of 100
Oklahoma Library Legends as produced by the
Oklahoma Library Association. Two current faculty, one faculty
emeriti, and numerous others associated with either the OU libraries
or SLIS comprise nearly 10% of the list's members.
The Walker, Cate, Couch and Adams dorm buildings make up four of
the school's residential halls.
Oklahoma requires, with few exceptions, that all freshmen live in one
of the five residence halls . Three of these buildings are referred
to as "the towers" (being 12 stories each): Adams Center, Walker
Center, and Couch Center. Adams Center is split into four towers,
Johnson, McCasland, Muldrow, and Tarman, all united by a common ground
floor. Walker Center and Couch Center are each split into East and
West wings. The fourth resident hall is quad Cate Center. The
Academic Arts Community, more commonly referred to as Cate 5 or Honors
is located directly above the honors college,
David L. Boren Hall.
Although it is commonly believed that this dorm caters only to honors
students, a large proportion of non-honors students comprise the
community. The three towers are all located around each other with the
Couch Cafeteria completing the residence community. Couch Cafeteria is
composed of several different themed restaurants that serves a wide
variety of food each day. As of Fall 2007, over 3,900 students lived
in one of these residence halls. Each residence hall has its own RSA
(Resident Student Association) office, as well as its own computer lab
and laundry facilities.
Headington Hall, completed in the Summer of 2013, is the fifth major
residence hall on campus and is located on the corner of Lindsey and
Jenkins street. This new facility is named after Tim Headington, OU
graduate and former OU tennis player. The housing facility cost 75
million dollars and contains 400 students (49 percent student athletes
and 51 percent students who do not participate in intercollegiate
The university owns several apartment complexes around the campus.
Some of these apartments were old and dilapidated, and the university
has taken the strides to resolve this issue. Two brand new complexes
owned by the university opened in recent years; OU Traditions Square
East in 2005 and OU Traditions Square West in 2006.
Due to a low cost of living in Oklahoma, many students find it
financially viable to live off campus in either apartments or houses.
In recent years, many new apartment or condominium complexes (not
including the OU-owned properties) have been built in addition to a
booming housing market that is resulting in Norman spreading further
east. Many students also commute from nearby Moore and
Oklahoma City ,
both located north of Norman.
STUDENT ORGANIZATIONS, ACTIVITIES, AND MEDIA
The Pride of
Oklahoma Marching Band performs during pre-game and
halftimes at football games.
Oklahoma has over 350 student organizations. Focuses of these
organizations range from ethnic to political, religious to special
Oklahoma Memorial Union (student union) houses many of
these organizations' offices.
The student union provides a place for students to relax, sleep,
study, watch television , or socialize. The Union Programming Board
provides diverse activities and programs in the union such as movies,
bands, dances, give-aways, or other activities.
Intramural sports are
a popular activity on campus with over 35 different sports available.
A large intramural field, where many outdoor events take place, is
located just one block east of the dorms.
The Pride of
Oklahoma , the university's marching band , celebrated
its 100th anniversary in 2004 and consists of 311 student musicians
and dancers from 19 states. Students wishing to enter the band go
through a rigorous audition process. The band plays at every home
football game. A smaller "pep-band," which usually consists of 100
members, travels to every away football game. The full band makes
trips to the AT"> The University of
Oklahoma Army ROTC assembled in
formation at its Fall 2007 Field Training Exercise
The local chapter of the Army ROTC provides officer training and
education for nearly 100 OU students. Officially founded in 1919, it
is one of the oldest such programs in the nation. OU Army ROTC cadets
are active in numerous campus and state activities. They provide
military color guards for Sooner football games and various on-campus
ceremonies and events. After completing the Army ROTC program, OU
students receive a commission in either the Regular Army , Army
Reserve , or National Guard .
The campus student radio station, _the WIRE _, broadcasts over the
Internet. The campus TV station, _TV4OU_, features student produced
programming five nights a week and is available on Public-access
television cable TV (
Cox Communications Ch. 4). "OU Nightly", the
live, student newscast, airs weeknights at 4:30 and 9:30. "The Sports
Package", a live sports program, airs live Monday nights at 5:00 and
throughout the week. Oklahoma's Gaylord
College of Journalism and Mass
Communication programs The Wire and TV4OU. Oklahoma's Department of
Continuing Education operates
KGOU , a public radio station
broadcasting on 106.3 FM.
KGOU is affiliated with
NPR . The campus
Oklahoma Daily , is produced daily during the fall and
spring semesters and weekly during the summer semester. The Oklahoma
Daily's sister publication, _Sooner_ yearbook, creates a 400-page
coffee table book for current students and alumni. _Sooner,_ ranked as
one of the top two yearbooks nationwide, focuses on capturing the year
that was with storytelling packages of text, photos and design. The
Oklahoma is also home to the
Oklahoma Weather Lab
(OWL), one of the nation's only entirely "student-run" forecasting
organizations. In addition to creating daily forecasts for twelve
Oklahoma and Key West, Florida, the organization also
offers podcasts under the name "Talking Up a Storm" that are
available on iTunes U free.
Oklahoma has a strong social fraternity and sorority presence. Many
fraternities and sororities are only a couple decades younger than the
university itself with the first fraternity chapter established in
1905 and Kappa Sigma (the Gamma-Kappa Chapter) established in 1906.
The Tau Epsilon Nu chapter, established in 2011, is the newest
fraternity chapter at the university. Currently there are 40 national
fraternities and sororities on campus. Governing these 40 Greek
chapters are four governing bodies: Interfraternity Council ,
Panhellenic Association ,
National Pan-Hellenic Council , and the
Multicultural Greek Council . In 2005, the average
GPA for the
Panhellenic Association was 3.30.
SPORTS AT U. OF OKLAHOMA
* Cross country
* Track font-size:small;">
* Cross country
* Track "> Several main athletic facilities are grouped together
at the Norman campus.
The school's sports teams are called the
Sooners , a nickname given
to early settlers during the land run who sneaked into the offered
territory and staked claims illegally before they were officially
allowed to. They participate in the NCAA 's Division I-Bowl
Subdivision and in the
Big 12 Conference . The school sponsors nine
sports for both men and women. The university has won 22 team NCAA
National Championships and seven national championships in football
(football championships are not awarded by the NCAA). By far, OU's
most famous and storied athletic program is the football program,
which has produced five
Heisman Trophy winners:
Billy Vessels in 1952,
Steve Owens in 1969,
Billy Sims in 1978, Jason White in 2003, and Sam
Bradford in 2008. Many Pro Football Hall of Famers, including Lee Roy
Troy Aikman , also attended the University of Oklahoma. In
1988, OU became the first school to participate in both the football
and basketball national championships in the same year, an achievement
unequaled until the 2006 season, when
Ohio State and the University of
Florida were both in each, with Florida winning both games. Oklahoma
also currently holds the record for the longest winning streak in NCAA
Division I history when they won 47 consecutive games between 1953 and
1957. In reference to the team's success and popularity as a symbol
of state pride,
George Lynn Cross , OU's president from 1943 to 1968,
once told the
Oklahoma State Senate, "I want a university the football
team can be proud of." University of
The Wrestling program is the fourth most decorated in college
wrestling, having won seven national championships. The men's
gymnastics team has won ten national championships, the most out of
all sports at the University of Oklahoma. In addition,
Nissen Emery Award winners, more than any other school
and the only school with back-to-back honorees. The women's
gymnastics team was crowned co-national champions with the University
of Florida in 2014, which is the first for the program. The softball
team has won two national championships, the first in 2000 and
another in 2013. The baseball team won a national championship in
1994. On May 10, 2007 the university announced the addition of
women's rowing to the intercollegiate athletics program. A rowing
facility will be built on the
Oklahoma River near downtown Oklahoma
City . This is the first sport added since women's soccer was added in
The University of
Oklahoma has had a long and bitter rivalry with the
University of Texas known as the
Red River Shootout , Red River
Rivalry, or OU–Texas, with Texas having the better overall record at
59–43–5. This rivalry is often thought of as a contest of state
pride along with school pride. U. of
Oklahoma also has a long-standing
Oklahoma State University . Known as the
Bedlam Series ,
it encompasses all the athletic contests between the two universities
with the winner receiving the Bedlam Bell. Another major historic
rival is the University of Nebraska , which was part of the Big 8
Oklahoma and later joined with
Oklahoma and other
schools in the formation of the
Big 12 Conference . The
football history December 6, 2008, when they scored sixty or more
points in five consecutive games. This achievement occurred during
their victory over the University of Missouri for the Big 12
NOTABLE PEOPLE AND ALUMNI
Main article: List of University of
Carl Albert , former U.S. Speaker of the House
David Boren , former
Oklahoma Governor and
Rick Bayless , chef, host of Mexico: One Plate at a Time on
Pat Bowlen , owner of the
Fernando Chui , Chief Executive of
Brad Carson , former
Undersecretary of the Army and Congressman
Elizabeth Garrett , former President of
Blake Griffin ,
NBA player for the LA Clippers
Fred Haise ,
Apollo 13 astronaut
Ed Harris , Golden Globe award-winning actor, _
The Truman Show _
Van Heflin , Academy Award -winning actor, _
Johnny Eager _
Anita Hill , academic, accuser in the Clarence Thomas scandal
Shannon Lucid ,
Susana Martinez , Governor of New
Olivia Munn , actress, _The Newsroom_ , _X-Men: Apocalypse _
Randall L. Stephenson , CEO of
AT&T and President of the B.S.A.
The University of
Oklahoma has seen many of its former students go on
to local and national prominence. This includes many athletes that
have excelled at the collegiate, professional and Olympic levels,
Brian Bosworth ,
Sam Bradford ,
Jermaine Gresham , Blake
Tommie Harris ,
Danny Hodge ,
Jonathan Horton , Anthony Kim
Matthew Lane ,
DeMarco Murray , Steve Owens , Maggie Nichols ,
Adrian Peterson ,
Darrell Royal ,
Lee Roy Selmon , Dave Shultz , Mark
Billy Sims ,
Jack Swagger ,
Wayman Tisdale ,
Joe Washington ,
and Roy Williams .
Many politicians have graduated from the University of Oklahoma,
including current OU President
David Boren , former U.S. Speaker of
Carl Albert ,
Mick Cornett ,
David Walters ,
J.C. Watts ,
A.S. Mike Monroney ,
Frank Keating ,
Dan Boren ,
Tom Coburn , Brad
Brad Henry , and
Dick Armey . The current Governor of New
Susana Martinez , received a doctorate law degree from OU, as
Oklahoma Supreme Court Justice
Steven W. Taylor .
A number of astronauts are alumni, including
Skylab 3 and STS-9
Owen K. Garriott , shuttle astronaut
Shannon Lucid , and
Apollo 13 astronaut
Fred Haise .
Other notable alumni include historian
Angie Debo , CEO of AT">
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