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The UNIVERSITY OF OKLAHOMA (OU) is a coeducational public research university in Norman, Oklahoma . Founded in 1890, it had existed in Oklahoma
Oklahoma
Territory near Indian Territory for 17 years before the two became the state of Oklahoma. In Fall 2016 the university had 31,250 students enrolled, most at its main campus in Norman. Employing nearly 3,000 faculty members, the school offers 152 baccalaureate programs, 160 master\'s programs, 75 doctorate programs, and 20 majors at the first professional level. David Lyle Boren , a former U.S. Senator and Oklahoma
Oklahoma
Governor , has served as the university's president since 1994.

The school is ranked first among public universities in enrollment of National Merit Scholars and among the top ten in the graduation of Rhodes Scholars . PC Magazine and the Princeton Review rated it one of the "20 Most Wired Colleges" in both 2006 and 2008, while the Carnegie Foundation classifies it as a research university with "very high research activity." Its Norman campus has two prominent museums, the Fred Jones Jr. Museum of Art, specializing in French Impressionism and Native American artwork, and the Sam Noble Oklahoma
Oklahoma
Museum of Natural History , specializing in the natural history of Oklahoma.

The school, well known for its athletic programs, has won 7 NCAA Division I National Football Championships. Its baseball team has won 2 NCAA national championships and the women's softball team won the national championship four times: in 2000, 2013, and consecutively in 2016 and 2017. The gymnastics teams have won four national championships since 2002 and its football program has the best winning percentage of any Division I -FBS team since the introduction of the AP Poll in 1936, playing in four BCS national championship games since the inception of the BCS system in 1998.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Academic profile

* 3 Campuses

* 3.1 Norman campus

* 3.1.1 Main campus * 3.1.2 North campus * 3.1.3 South campus * 3.1.4 Research campus

* 3.2 Health Sciences Center * 3.3 OU– Tulsa * 3.4 OU in Arezzo * 3.5 Other study centers

* 4 Museums and libraries * 5 Residential life * 6 Student organizations, activities, and media * 7 Athletics * 8 Notable people and alumni * 9 See also * 10 Notes * 11 References * 12 External links

HISTORY

With the support of Governor George Washington Steele , on December 18, 1890 the Oklahoma
Oklahoma
Territorial legislature established three universities: the state university in Norman, the agricultural and mechanical college in Stillwater (later renamed Oklahoma
Oklahoma
State University ) and a normal school in Edmond (later renamed University of Central Oklahoma
Oklahoma
). Oklahoma's admission into the union in 1907 led to the renaming of the Norman Territorial University as the University of Oklahoma. Norman residents donated 407 acres (1.6 km2) of land for the university 0.5 miles (0.8 km) south of the Norman railroad depot. The university's first president ordered the planting of trees before the construction of the first campus building because he "could not visualize a treeless university seat." Landscaping remains important to the university.

The university's first president, David Ross Boyd , arrived in Norman in August 1892, and the first students enrolled that year. The university established a School of Pharmacy in 1893 because of high demand for pharmacists in the territory. Three years later, the university awarded its first degree to a pharmaceutical chemist. The "Rock Building" in downtown Norman held the initial classes until the university's first building opened on September 6, 1893. Donald W. Reynolds Center for the Performing Arts, formerly Holmberg Hall, exemplifies the school's architectural style.

On January 6, 1903, the university's only building burned down and destroyed many records of the early university. Construction began immediately on a new building, as several other towns hoped to convince the university to move. President Boyd and the faculty were not dismayed by the loss. Mathematics professor Frederick Elder said, "What do you need to keep classes going? Two yards of blackboard and a box of chalk." As a response to the fire, English professor Vernon Louis Parrington created a plan for the development of the campus. Most of the plan was never implemented, but Parrington's suggestion for the campus core formed the basis for the North Oval. The North and South Ovals are now distinctive features of the campus.

The campus has a distinctive architecture, with buildings designed in a unique " Cherokee Gothic " style. The style has many features of the Gothic era but has also mixed the designs of local Native American tribes from Oklahoma. This term was coined by the renowned American architect Frank Lloyd Wright when he visited the campus. The university has built over a dozen buildings in the Cherokee
Cherokee
Gothic style.

Presidents of the University of Oklahoma
Oklahoma

* David Ross Boyd , 1892–1908 * A. Grant Evans , 1908–1912 * Stratton D. Brooks , 1912–1923 * James S. Buchanan , 1923–1925 * William Bennett Bizzell , 1925–1941 * Joseph A. Brandt , 1941–1943 * George Lynn Cross , 1943–1968 * John Herbert Hollomon , 1968–1970 * Paul F. Sharp , 1971–1977 * William S. Banowsky , 1978–1984 * Frank E. Horton , 1985–1988 * Richard L. Van Horn , 1989–1994 * David Boren , 1994–present

In 1907, Oklahoma
Oklahoma
entered statehood, fostering changes in the political atmosphere of the state. Up until this point, Oklahoma's Republican tendencies changed with the election of Oklahoma's first governor , the Democratic Charles N. Haskell . Since the inception of the university, different groups on campus were divided by religion. Early in the university's existence, many professors were Presbyterian , as was Boyd. Under pressure, Boyd eventually hired several Baptists and Southern Methodists . The Presbyterians and Baptists
Baptists
got along but the Southern Methodists conflicted with the administration. Two notable Methodists, Rev. Nathaniel Lee Linebaugh and Professor Ernest Taylor Bynum, were critics of Boyd and activists in Haskell's election campaign. When Haskell took office, he fired many of the Republicans at the university, including President Boyd.

The campus expanded over the next several decades. By 1932, the university encompassed 167 acres (0.7 km2). Development of South Oval allowed for the southern expansion of the campus. The university built a new library on the oval's north end in 1936. Then President Bizzell was able to get the Oklahoma
Oklahoma
legislature to approve $500,000 for the new library up from their original offer of $200,000. This allowed for an even greater collection of research materials for students and faculty. President Brooks\' inauguration took place in front of Evans Hall in 1912.

Like many universities, OU had a drop in enrollment during World War II . Enrollment in 1945 dropped to 3,769, from its pre–World War II high of 6,935 in 1939.

Many infrastructure changes have occurred at the university. The southern portion of south campus in the vicinity of Constitution Avenue, still known to long-time Norman residents as 'South Base', was originally built as an annex to Naval Air Station Norman. It contained mostly single-story frame buildings used for classrooms and military housing. By the late 1980s, most were severely deteriorated and were demolished in the 1990s to make room for redevelopment. The Jimmie Austin University of Oklahoma
Oklahoma
Golf Course was built as a U.S. Navy recreational facility.

During World War II
World War II
, OU was one of 131 colleges and universities nationally that took part in the V-12 Navy College
College
Training Program which offered students a path to a Navy commission.

The north campus and airfield were built in the early 1940s as Naval Air Station Norman. The station served mainly an advanced flight training mission and could handle all but the largest bombers. A large earthen mound east of Interstate 35 and north of Robinson Street, colloquially known as 'Mount Williams', was used as a gunnery (the mound has since been removed to make way for a commercial development). In the post– World War II
World War II
demobilization , the university received the installation. Naval aviator's wings displayed at the entrance to the terminal commemorates this airfield's Naval past.

After the World War, a period of rapid growth occurred on the campus and enrollment surged. By 1965, enrollment had risen over 450% to 17,268, causing housing shortages. In the mid-1960s, the administration completed construction of three new 12-story dormitories located immediately south of the South Oval. In addition to these three towers, an apartment complex was completed that housed married students, including men returning to college under the GI Bill . These apartments are now Kraettli Apartments. Bizzell Library sits at the heart of the university's Norman campus.

In 1943 George Lynn Cross took over as president of the university, two years after the U.S. entered World War II. He served until 1968, 25 years later, becoming the longest-serving president in history of the university. Five presidents served in the next 25 years. In 1994, the university hired a president who has stayed longer.

The Civil Rights Movement began a new era as the university began policies against racial discrimination and segregation after legal challenges and court cases outlawed discrimination. The Bizzell Memorial Library has been designated a U.S. National Historic Landmark in commemoration of the cases of G. W. McLaurin, a black man who was denied admission to graduate school in 1948. It was then state law that no school should serve both white and black students, but there were few or no separate graduate programs available for blacks. A court case effectively forced the Board of Regents to vote to admit McLaurin, but he was directed to study in a separated area within the law library and to be allowed to lunch only in a segregated area as well. The National Association for Advancement of Colored People brought the case to the U.S. Supreme court in _McLaurin vs. Oklahoma State Board of Regents _. In 1950, the court overturned the university's policy for segregation at the graduate school level. The case was an important precedent for the more famous and sweeping 1954 case of _ Brown v. Board of Education _ which disallowed "separate but equal" policy at all school levels.

Since David Boren became president in 1994, the University of Oklahoma
Oklahoma
system has experienced tremendous growth, with an increase in new developments throughout including the purchase of 60 acres (0.2 km2) for OU-Tulsa, the new Gaylord Hall, Price Hall, the ExxonMobil Lawrence G. Rawl Engineering Practice Facility, Devon Energy Hall, the Wagner Student Academic Services Center, the Research and Medical Clinic, the expansions of the Fred Jones Jr. Museum of Art, and the National Weather Center .

The class of 2013 is the largest incoming freshmen class in University of Oklahoma
Oklahoma
history with more than 4,200 students, more than 190 National Merit Scholars and more than 300 State Regents Scholars among the freshmen. In the past 4 years there have been $2 billion in private donations and 10 times as many Rhodes Scholars as any other university in Oklahoma.

In March 2015, the University of Oklahoma
Oklahoma
shut down the Oklahoma Kappa chapter of the Sigma Alpha Epsilon fraternity when a video surfaced that showed members singing a racist chant while riding on a bus. Sigma Alpha Epsilon shut down the chapter on March 8, 2015, and University of Oklahoma
Oklahoma
president David Boren gave members two days to leave the fraternity house. He also expelled two students who he said "played a leadership role" in the incident, creating "a hostile learning environment for others". The expulsion, allegedly without due process, earned the university a spot on the Foundation for Individual Rights in Education 's 2016 "10 Worst Colleges for Free Speech".

ACADEMIC PROFILE

UNIVERSITY RANKINGS

NATIONAL

_ARWU _ NR

_FORBES _ 201

_U.S. NEWS & WORLD REPORT _ 111

_WASHINGTON MONTHLY _ 85

GLOBAL

_ARWU _ NR

_QS _ 461-470

_U.S. NEWS currently Creek, Choctaw, and Cherokee
Cherokee
I, II, and III are offered in both fall and spring semesters. The university has a high four-year full-time undergraduate enrollment including a high transfer-in population. While the two main campuses are located in Norman and Oklahoma
Oklahoma
City , affiliated programs in Tulsa expand access for students in eastern Oklahoma. Some of the programs in Tulsa include: medicine, pharmacy, nursing, public health, allied health and liberal arts studies. Gaylord Hall, home of the Gaylord College of Journalism and Mass Communication, finished construction in 2004.

In addition to 152 majors to choose from, the University of Oklahoma also has a nationally recognized Honors College
College
featuring its own dedicated faculty, dormitories, and writing center. Every student from any major can apply to the college; if accepted the student is eligible to take honors classes and graduate cum laude . In order to graduate with honors, the student must complete 18 credit hours of honors classes and submit an honors thesis. Transfer students are able to transfer up to nine credit hours of honor classes from a different university.

Students come from all 50 U.S. states and over 100 countries. 32% of the 2006 freshmen were in the top 10% of their high school class. Ethnic minority groups represent over 25% of newly enrolled undergraduates and 27% of all students. In addition, the university has an enrollment of over 700 National Merit Scholars, making it first per capita among public universities.

Due to stricter enrollment policies in recent years, average scores for incoming students are on the rise. The average ACT score for a first-time student in 2006 was 25.8 while in 1999, it was 24.5.

In addition to being a member of the Southeastern Universities Research Association and Universities Research Association, the University of Oklahoma
Oklahoma
has been categorized as "more selective" by the Carnegie Foundation. For the 2010-2011 school year, 9,996 applied and 8,498 were admitted (85%). The university's freshman retention rate in 2009 was 82% and the six-year graduation rate was 62.0%.

CAMPUSES

Map of the Norman campuses excluding the north campus

NORMAN CAMPUS

As of the fall of 2009, the Norman campus had 18,667 undergraduate students and 6,367 postgraduate students . Following the Sooners' 2000 football national-championship season the university experienced an increase in college applicants and admissions. The falls of 1999 and 2000 both saw a 1.3% increase in the number of students over the respective previous years while the fall of 2001 saw an increase of 4.8% over 2000. Price Hall, an addition to the Michael F. Price College
College
of Business, finished construction in 2005.

The largest school, the College
College
of Arts & Sciences , enrolls 35.2% of the OU-Norman students. The College
College
of Arts "> Memorial Stadium houses University of Oklahoma
Oklahoma
football games, as well as the campus bookstore.

On the east side of the northernmost part of campus sits Sarkeys Energy Center while to the west is the Fred Jones, Jr. School of Art and Museum, home to the Weitzenhoffer Collection of Impressionist art and the Catlett Music Center. Just south of Catlett is Goddard Health Center , an on-campus clinic that provides medical care and counseling and testing services to students, faculty, staff, and their dependents. Goddard comprises the OU Health Services laboratory, Counseling Services, Health Promotion, and a pharmacy. The Van Vleet Oval (or South Oval) is anchored on the north by the Bizzell Memorial Library and flanked by academic buildings. When class is in session, the South Oval is often inundated with students going to and from class. Elm Avenue bounds the western edge of the academic portion of OU, with a few exceptions. Lying between Elm Avenue and Chautauqua Avenue are mostly fraternity and sorority houses. Oklahoma Memorial Union

On the east side of the central part of campus lies Gaylord Family – Oklahoma
Oklahoma
Memorial Stadium , just north of Lindsey Street on Jenkins Avenue. Immediately adjacent to the stadium is the Barry Switzer Center, a museum highlighting the historical success of Oklahoma
Oklahoma
athletics, as well as a comprehensive training facility for Oklahoma
Oklahoma
athletes. North of the stadium is the McCasland Field House, the former home of Oklahoma
Oklahoma
Basketball and the current home of Oklahoma's wrestling, volleyball and gymnastics programs. Across Jenkins Avenue are the athletic dorms and statues honoring Oklahoma's past five Heisman Trophy winners. Other statues on campus include several honoring the Native Americans who defined so much of Oklahoma's history and a new memorial statue on the north side of Oklahoma
Oklahoma
Memorial Stadium honoring OU students, faculty, and staff that have died while serving in the armed forces . South Oval with Bizzell Library in the background

The portion of OU's main campus south of Lindsey Street includes three Colleges, University housing, student activity and fitness facilities, and the Oklahoma
Oklahoma
Center for Continuing Education. The Joe C. and Carole Kerr McClendon Honors College
College
is located in David L. Boren Hall, which serves as an Academic Arts Community where residential rooms, faculty offices, classrooms, a computer center and library are all available in the same building. Other residence halls include the twelve-story Adams, Couch and Walker Centers, as well as Cate Center, made up of three- and four-story buildings, which are transitioning to faculty offices. Adjacent to the residence facilities are the Huston Huffman Fitness Center, Henderson-Tolson Cultural Center and the Jim Thorpe Multicultural Center. The Murray Case Sells Swim Complex is also nearby, providing indoor and outdoor swimming opportunities for the OU community. The Oklahoma
Oklahoma
Center for Continuing Education (OCCE) is one of eleven W. K. Kellogg Foundation-funded centers in the United States and Britain. It is home to OU Outreach, which consists of the College
College
of Continuing Education and the College
College
of Liberal Studies , and includes a conference center able to host events of up to 1500 participants.

The Oklahoma
Oklahoma
administration prides itself on the aesthetic appeal of the campus. All three campuses ( Norman, Oklahoma City, and Tulsa) have beautifully landscaped gardens. Trees were planted on the OU campus before the first building was ever built. There are also many statues and sculptures around campus, most of which portray the strong influence of the Native American culture.

There are also four buildings on the main campus that are listed on the National Register of Historic Places . They are the Bizzell Library , the Beta Theta Pi fraternity house, Casa Blanca (the old Alpha Chi Omega sorority house), and Boyd House – the residence of the university president. Several campus buildings seen from Sarkeys Energy Center

In September 2008, it was announced that the University of Oklahoma's main campus will be entirely powered by wind by 2013. According to OU President David Boren, "It is our patriotic duty as Americans to help our country achieve energy independence and to be sound stewards of the environment." The school plans to purchase its energy from the OU Spirit Wind Farm, which is scheduled for construction near Woodward in late 2009. The new source of energy is projected to cost the university an additional $5 million per year.

The Anne and Henry Zarrow School of Social Work was completed on the Norman campus in 2011 and houses state of the art facilities for the training of undergraduate and graduate social workers. The 12 million dollar building is named for the Zarrow family, a philanthropic couple from Tulsa, Oklahoma. The Zarrow's donated 5 million dollars as the keystone donors for the new building with the remaining funds coming from a bequest of Ruth I. Knee, a graduate of the program, and a portion of the states federal stimulus funds.

North Campus

On the far north side of Norman is the OU Research Park, which includes University of Oklahoma
Oklahoma
Max Westheimer Airport (ICAO : KOUN), the Radar Operations Center , the old National Severe Storms Laboratory facility, the OU OKDHS Training and Research Center, the OU ITS Lab, and Merrick Computer and Technology Center. This part of campus is frequented by students studying aviation. The Aviation Accreditation Board has accredited the College
College
of Aviation
Aviation
at North Base – one of the most prestigious establishments of its type in the United States – as one of only 29 accredited colleges in the world.

South Campus

The National Weather Center calls the university's south campus home.

South of student housing is Timberdell Road, the approximate southern boundary of the university. South of this road are University-owned apartments and athletic complexes. Also on the south side of Timberdell Road is the College
College
of Law building which was expanded in 2002 by the addition of a larger law library and courtroom. There are additional athletic complexes in this area, including L. Dale Mitchell Baseball Park , the OU Softball
Softball
Field, and Lloyd Noble Center (the basketball arena).

OU owns the wooded area just south of Highway 9 between Chautauqua and Jenkins. This area is called Oliver's Woods. Ecology classes take field trips to Oliver's Woods frequently. They can use the area to study Ecological patterns including tree growth and pH in the ground. Visible patterns of plant dispersion can be studied in Oliver's Woods as well, including uniform, random, and clumped patterns. The area has a trail for people to follow and a creek running through the lower elevated area.

Research Campus

While this area has traditionally lacked academic buildings, the pressure of expansion in the northern part of campus led recently to the construction of new academic buildings – such as the National Weather Center and Stephenson Research and Technology Center – on the south end of campus. This area, now termed The University of Oklahoma's Research Campus, "brings academic, public and private sector organizations together in a mutually beneficial collaborative environment." In 2004, global weather information provider WeatherNews opened its U.S. Operations Center in One Partners Place, located in the research campus one block away from the new NWC building. The southern boundary of the research campus is State Highway 9 . OU's Advanced Radar Research Center is also located on the Research campus in its new Radar Innovations Laboratory building. As of 2013 the Life Sciences Research Center has opened, housing numerous chemical and biochemical research labs. Other buildings located on the research campus include One Partners Place, Two Partners Place, Three Partners Place, Four Partners Place, and Five Partners Place. Housed within these buildings are the Center for Spatial Analysis and the Center for Applied Social Research amongst several others.

HEALTH SCIENCES CENTER

Main article: University of Oklahoma
Oklahoma
Health Sciences Center

The University of Oklahoma
Oklahoma
Health Sciences Center 's main campus is located at the Oklahoma
Oklahoma
Health Center in Oklahoma
Oklahoma
City, while a secondary Health Sciences campus is in Tulsa . About 3,500 students enroll in one of the seven colleges at the Health Center. The distribution of students in each of these colleges is more uniform than that of the main campus. OUHSC at night

The University of Oklahoma
Oklahoma
Health Sciences Center ( OUHSC ), established in the early 20th century, is OU's presence in Oklahoma City. OUHSC is one of only four academic health centers in the nation with seven professional colleges. The nineteen buildings that make up the OUHSC campus occupies a fifteen block area in Oklahoma
Oklahoma
City near the Oklahoma
Oklahoma
State Capitol . Surrounding these buildings are an additional twenty health-related buildings some of which are owned by the University of Oklahoma. With approximately 600 students and 600 residents and fellows training in specialties and subspecialties of medicine, the College
College
of Medicine is the largest component of the Health Sciences Center. The major clinical facilities on campus are the OU Medical Center hospital complex and they include The Children's Hospital, the OU Physicians clinics, and the Oklahoma
Oklahoma
City Veterans Administration Medical Center. The Oklahoma
Oklahoma
Health Center at large has large biomedical research facilities operated by the university joined on campus by a growing biomedical and pharmaceutical research corporations developed by the Presbyterian
Presbyterian
Health Foundation, dedicated to biotechnology, research, and new scientific ventures.

OU–TULSA

OU- Tulsa Seedsower at the corner of 41st and Yale in Tulsa

The University of Oklahoma– Tulsa Schusterman Center is home to all OU programs in Tulsa, OU Physicians- Tulsa and the School of Community Medicine. OU- Tulsa offers six bachelor's degree completion programs; 14 master's degree programs; doctoral programs in medicine, physical therapy, education, early childhood education, engineering and nursing, as well as nine residency programs in medicine. More than 200 full-time faculty teach OU- Tulsa students and enrollment at OU-Tulsa exceeds 1,600 students. More than 1,000 employees work at the OU-Tulsa Schusterman Center and OU Physicians medical clinics throughout Tulsa. OU- Tulsa has service, education and research affiliations with more than 100 community agencies.

Established in 1972 as a branch of the main Health Sciences Center campus in Oklahoma
Oklahoma
City, the OU School of Community Medicine , formerly the College
College
of Medicine–Tulsa, has enabled the university to establish medical residencies and provide for expanded health care capabilities in the state. Between 1972 and 1999, OU's presence in Tulsa had grown but scattered. In 1999, a 60-acre (24 ha) site formerly owned by BP Amoco was sold to the university for $24 million (even though the property was appraised at $48 million). The site already featured a 370,000 square feet (34,370 m2) building with offices, labs, and classrooms. The university purchased this property with the help of a $10 million gift from the Charles and Lynn Schusterman Family Foundation . The existing building was renamed the _Schusterman Center_. This historic, 60-acre property in the heart of Tulsa features original mid-century architecture surrounded by nearly 1,000 trees. New construction of the Schusterman Library and Schusterman Learning Center at OU- Tulsa has been designed in keeping with the original building style.

In 2003, Tulsa voters approved the Vision 2025 plan for capital improvements to the Tulsa metro area. Included in this plan was $30 million for a new Research and Medical Clinic near the existing Schusterman Center. Construction on the new building, the OU Schusterman Clinic, was completed in June 2007.

OU- Tulsa is also home to the OU School of Community Medicine. Created with the support of a $50 million donation from the George Kaiser Family Foundation, the school's mission is to improve the health status of all Oklahomans, particularly the urban and rural underserved.

The OU School of Community Medicine faculty comprises around 200 physicians representing a wide field of specialties. These doctors also form the OU Physicians medical practice group, which provides care to patients at some 25 clinic sites in the Tulsa area. The faculty's time is split among teaching medical students, supervising medical residents and providing patient care.

OU IN AREZZO

In 2012, The University of Oklahoma
Oklahoma
purchased a monastery in Arezzo, Italy
Italy
. In early 2016, renovations to the monastery neared completion and OU began the use of its newest permanent "campus" (denominated as a "Study Center") location outside of the state of Oklahoma. The university expects that one in five OU students who study abroad will go through the Arezzo campus. The Arezzo campus has been described by university president, David Boren, as a first step for students and their parents to become acquainted with the world and gain an educational experience in a foreign land. The campus is scheduled to be dedicated in the summer of 2016. Boren chose the smaller town of Arezzo in part because of the small size of the town relative to nearby Florence
Florence
, which boasts programs from about 50 American universities. With such a large number of American college students in Florence, Boren was concerned that OU students would have socialized with other Americans rather than the local Italians.

OTHER STUDY CENTERS

OU has study centers in Puebla, Mexico
Mexico
and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil . A center is planned for İzmir, Turkey .

MUSEUMS AND LIBRARIES

Fred Jones Jr. Museum of Art on the University of Oklahoma campus has a different architectural style than the rest of the campus.

The university has two prominent museums, the Fred Jones Jr. Museum of Art and the Sam Noble Oklahoma
Oklahoma
Museum of Natural History .

* The Museum of Art was founded in 1936 and originally headed by Oscar Jacobson, the director of the School of Art at the time. The museum opened with over 2,500 items on display and was originally located on campus in Jacobson Hall. Mr. and Mrs. Fred Jones of Oklahoma
Oklahoma
City donated money for a permanent building in 1971 and the building was named in honor of their son who died in a plane crash during his senior year at the University of Oklahoma. Since then, the museum has acquired many renowned works of Native American art and, in 2000, received the Weitzenhoffer Collection of French Impressionism which includes works by Degas , Gauguin
Gauguin
, Monet , Pissarro , Renoir , Toulouse-Lautrec , Van Gogh , and Vuillard
Vuillard
. As of 2011 the museum has over 65,000 square feet (6,000 m²) filled with over 8,000 items from a wide array of time periods and movements . In 2005, the museum expanded with the opening of the new Lester Wing designed by contemporary architect Hugh Newell Jacobsen . The architectural style of the new addition deviates from the Collegiate Gothic style of the university, but Jacobsen felt this was necessary given the contemporary works of art the wing would house. * The Sam Noble Oklahoma
Oklahoma
Museum of Natural History , located south of the main campus and directly southwest of the law building, specializes in the history of the people and animals that have inhabited Oklahoma
Oklahoma
over the last 300 million years. Since its founding in 1899, the museum has acquired over 5,000,000 objects. In 2000, a new building was opened to house the ever-expanding museum. The new building offered nearly 200,000 square feet (18,600 m²) of space to display the many exhibits the museum has to offer.

Great Reading Room inside Bizzell Memorial Library

The University of Oklahoma
Oklahoma
Library system has its headquarters in Bizzell Memorial Library . The largest research library in Oklahoma, it contains over 4.7 million volumes and is ranked 27th out of 113 research libraries in North America in volumes held. It contains more than 1.6 million photographs , subscriptions to over 31,000 periodicals , over 1.5 million maps , government documents dating back to 1893, and over 50 incunabula . It has eight locations on campus. The primary library is Bizzell Memorial Library, located in the middle of the main campus. Other notable campus libraries include the Architecture Library, the Engineering Library, the Fine Arts Library, the Physics and Astronomy Library, and the Geology Library. The OU library system contains many unique collections such as the History of Science Collections (which houses over 94,000 volumes related to the history of science, including hand-noted works by Galileo Galilei ), the Bizzell Bible Collection, and the Western History Collection.

The School of Library and Information Studies (SLIS), the only American Library Association -accredited program in Oklahoma, offers a graduate degree (Master of Library and Information Studies) and an undergraduate degree (Bachelor of Arts in Information Studies). The impact of OU and SLIS on the history of libraries in Oklahoma
Oklahoma
is shown in the recent list of 100 Oklahoma
Oklahoma
Library Legends as produced by the Oklahoma
Oklahoma
Library Association. Two current faculty, one faculty emeriti, and numerous others associated with either the OU libraries or SLIS comprise nearly 10% of the list's members.

RESIDENTIAL LIFE

The Walker, Cate, Couch and Adams dorm buildings make up four of the school's residential halls.

Oklahoma
Oklahoma
requires, with few exceptions, that all freshmen live in one of the five residence halls . Three of these buildings are referred to as "the towers" (being 12 stories each): Adams Center, Walker Center, and Couch Center. Adams Center is split into four towers, Johnson, McCasland, Muldrow, and Tarman, all united by a common ground floor. Walker Center and Couch Center are each split into East and West wings. The fourth resident hall is quad Cate Center. The Academic Arts Community, more commonly referred to as Cate 5 or Honors is located directly above the honors college, David L. Boren Hall. Although it is commonly believed that this dorm caters only to honors students, a large proportion of non-honors students comprise the community. The three towers are all located around each other with the Couch Cafeteria completing the residence community. Couch Cafeteria is composed of several different themed restaurants that serves a wide variety of food each day. As of Fall 2007, over 3,900 students lived in one of these residence halls. Each residence hall has its own RSA (Resident Student Association) office, as well as its own computer lab and laundry facilities.

Headington Hall, completed in the Summer of 2013, is the fifth major residence hall on campus and is located on the corner of Lindsey and Jenkins street. This new facility is named after Tim Headington, OU graduate and former OU tennis player. The housing facility cost 75 million dollars and contains 400 students (49 percent student athletes and 51 percent students who do not participate in intercollegiate sports).

The university owns several apartment complexes around the campus. Some of these apartments were old and dilapidated, and the university has taken the strides to resolve this issue. Two brand new complexes owned by the university opened in recent years; OU Traditions Square East in 2005 and OU Traditions Square West in 2006.

Due to a low cost of living in Oklahoma, many students find it financially viable to live off campus in either apartments or houses. In recent years, many new apartment or condominium complexes (not including the OU-owned properties) have been built in addition to a booming housing market that is resulting in Norman spreading further east. Many students also commute from nearby Moore and Oklahoma
Oklahoma
City , both located north of Norman.

STUDENT ORGANIZATIONS, ACTIVITIES, AND MEDIA

The Pride of Oklahoma
Oklahoma
Marching Band performs during pre-game and halftimes at football games.

Oklahoma
Oklahoma
has over 350 student organizations. Focuses of these organizations range from ethnic to political, religious to special interests. Oklahoma
Oklahoma
Memorial Union (student union) houses many of these organizations' offices.

The student union provides a place for students to relax, sleep, study, watch television , or socialize. The Union Programming Board provides diverse activities and programs in the union such as movies, bands, dances, give-aways, or other activities. Intramural sports are a popular activity on campus with over 35 different sports available. A large intramural field, where many outdoor events take place, is located just one block east of the dorms.

The Pride of Oklahoma
Oklahoma
, the university's marching band , celebrated its 100th anniversary in 2004 and consists of 311 student musicians and dancers from 19 states. Students wishing to enter the band go through a rigorous audition process. The band plays at every home football game. A smaller "pep-band," which usually consists of 100 members, travels to every away football game. The full band makes trips to the AT"> The University of Oklahoma
Oklahoma
Army ROTC assembled in formation at its Fall 2007 Field Training Exercise

The local chapter of the Army ROTC provides officer training and education for nearly 100 OU students. Officially founded in 1919, it is one of the oldest such programs in the nation. OU Army ROTC cadets are active in numerous campus and state activities. They provide military color guards for Sooner football games and various on-campus ceremonies and events. After completing the Army ROTC program, OU students receive a commission in either the Regular Army , Army Reserve , or National Guard .

The campus student radio station, _the WIRE _, broadcasts over the Internet. The campus TV station, _TV4OU_, features student produced programming five nights a week and is available on Public-access television cable TV ( Cox Communications Ch. 4). "OU Nightly", the live, student newscast, airs weeknights at 4:30 and 9:30. "The Sports Package", a live sports program, airs live Monday nights at 5:00 and throughout the week. Oklahoma's Gaylord College
College
of Journalism and Mass Communication programs The Wire and TV4OU. Oklahoma's Department of Continuing Education operates KROU and KGOU , a public radio station broadcasting on 106.3 FM. KGOU is affiliated with NPR . The campus newspaper, The Oklahoma
Oklahoma
Daily , is produced daily during the fall and spring semesters and weekly during the summer semester. The Oklahoma Daily's sister publication, _Sooner_ yearbook, creates a 400-page coffee table book for current students and alumni. _Sooner,_ ranked as one of the top two yearbooks nationwide, focuses on capturing the year that was with storytelling packages of text, photos and design. The University of Oklahoma
Oklahoma
is also home to the Oklahoma
Oklahoma
Weather Lab (OWL), one of the nation's only entirely "student-run" forecasting organizations. In addition to creating daily forecasts for twelve sites across Oklahoma
Oklahoma
and Key West, Florida, the organization also offers podcasts under the name "Talking Up a Storm" that are available on iTunes U free.

Oklahoma
Oklahoma
has a strong social fraternity and sorority presence. Many fraternities and sororities are only a couple decades younger than the university itself with the first fraternity chapter established in 1905 and Kappa Sigma (the Gamma-Kappa Chapter) established in 1906. The Tau Epsilon Nu chapter, established in 2011, is the newest fraternity chapter at the university. Currently there are 40 national fraternities and sororities on campus. Governing these 40 Greek chapters are four governing bodies: Interfraternity Council , Panhellenic Association , National Pan-Hellenic Council , and the Multicultural Greek Council . In 2005, the average GPA
GPA
for the Panhellenic Association was 3.30.

ATHLETICS

Main article: Oklahoma
Oklahoma
Sooners
Sooners

SPORTS AT U. OF OKLAHOMA

MEN\'S WOMEN\'S

* Baseball * Basketball * Cross country * Football * Golf * Gymnastics * Tennis * Track font-size:small;">

* Basketball * Cross country * Golf * Gymnastics * Rowing * Soccer * Softball * Tennis * Track "> Several main athletic facilities are grouped together at the Norman campus.

The school's sports teams are called the Sooners
Sooners
, a nickname given to early settlers during the land run who sneaked into the offered territory and staked claims illegally before they were officially allowed to. They participate in the NCAA 's Division I-Bowl Subdivision and in the Big 12 Conference . The school sponsors nine sports for both men and women. The university has won 22 team NCAA National Championships and seven national championships in football (football championships are not awarded by the NCAA). By far, OU's most famous and storied athletic program is the football program, which has produced five Heisman Trophy winners: Billy Vessels in 1952, Steve Owens in 1969, Billy Sims in 1978, Jason White in 2003, and Sam Bradford in 2008. Many Pro Football Hall of Famers, including Lee Roy Selmon and Troy Aikman , also attended the University of Oklahoma. In 1988, OU became the first school to participate in both the football and basketball national championships in the same year, an achievement unequaled until the 2006 season, when Ohio State
Ohio State
and the University of Florida were both in each, with Florida winning both games. Oklahoma also currently holds the record for the longest winning streak in NCAA Division I history when they won 47 consecutive games between 1953 and 1957. In reference to the team's success and popularity as a symbol of state pride, George Lynn Cross , OU's president from 1943 to 1968, once told the Oklahoma
Oklahoma
State Senate, "I want a university the football team can be proud of." University of Oklahoma
Oklahoma
mascot

The Wrestling program is the fourth most decorated in college wrestling, having won seven national championships. The men's gymnastics team has won ten national championships, the most out of all sports at the University of Oklahoma. In addition, Oklahoma
Oklahoma
has produced five Nissen Emery Award winners, more than any other school and the only school with back-to-back honorees. The women's gymnastics team was crowned co-national champions with the University of Florida in 2014, which is the first for the program. The softball team has won two national championships, the first in 2000 and another in 2013. The baseball team won a national championship in 1994. On May 10, 2007 the university announced the addition of women's rowing to the intercollegiate athletics program. A rowing facility will be built on the Oklahoma
Oklahoma
River near downtown Oklahoma City . This is the first sport added since women's soccer was added in 1996.

The University of Oklahoma
Oklahoma
has had a long and bitter rivalry with the University of Texas known as the Red River Shootout , Red River Rivalry, or OU–Texas, with Texas having the better overall record at 59–43–5. This rivalry is often thought of as a contest of state pride along with school pride. U. of Oklahoma
Oklahoma
also has a long-standing rivalry with Oklahoma
Oklahoma
State University . Known as the Bedlam Series , it encompasses all the athletic contests between the two universities with the winner receiving the Bedlam Bell. Another major historic rival is the University of Nebraska , which was part of the Big 8 Conference with Oklahoma
Oklahoma
and later joined with Oklahoma
Oklahoma
and other schools in the formation of the Big 12 Conference . The Sooners
Sooners
made football history December 6, 2008, when they scored sixty or more points in five consecutive games. This achievement occurred during their victory over the University of Missouri for the Big 12 Championship.

NOTABLE PEOPLE AND ALUMNI

Main article: List of University of Oklahoma
Oklahoma
people

*

Carl Albert , former U.S. Speaker of the House *

David Boren , former Oklahoma
Oklahoma
Governor and U.S. Senator *

Rick Bayless , chef, host of Mexico: One Plate at a Time on PBS
PBS
*

Pat Bowlen , owner of the Denver Broncos
Denver Broncos
*

Fernando Chui , Chief Executive of Macau
Macau
*

Brad Carson , former Undersecretary of the Army and Congressman *

Elizabeth Garrett , former President of Cornell University
Cornell University
*

Blake Griffin , NBA
NBA
player for the LA Clippers *

Fred Haise
Fred Haise
, NASA
NASA
Apollo 13 astronaut *

Ed Harris , Golden Globe award-winning actor, _ The Truman Show _ *

Van Heflin
Van Heflin
, Academy Award -winning actor, _ Johnny Eager _ *

Anita Hill , academic, accuser in the Clarence Thomas scandal *

Shannon Lucid , NASA
NASA
astronaut *

Susana Martinez , Governor of New Mexico
Mexico
*

Olivia Munn
Olivia Munn
, actress, _The Newsroom_ , _X-Men: Apocalypse _ *

Randall L. Stephenson , CEO of AT&T and President of the B.S.A.

The University of Oklahoma
Oklahoma
has seen many of its former students go on to local and national prominence. This includes many athletes that have excelled at the collegiate, professional and Olympic levels, including Brian Bosworth , Sam Bradford
Sam Bradford
, Jermaine Gresham , Blake Griffin , Tommie Harris
Tommie Harris
, Danny Hodge , Jonathan Horton , Anthony Kim , Matthew Lane , DeMarco Murray
DeMarco Murray
, Steve Owens , Maggie Nichols , Adrian Peterson , Darrell Royal , Lee Roy Selmon , Dave Shultz , Mark Shultz , Billy Sims , Jack Swagger , Wayman Tisdale , Joe Washington , and Roy Williams .

Many politicians have graduated from the University of Oklahoma, including current OU President David Boren , former U.S. Speaker of the House Carl Albert , Mick Cornett , David Walters , J.C. Watts , A.S. Mike Monroney , Frank Keating , Dan Boren , Tom Coburn , Brad Carson , Brad Henry , and Dick Armey . The current Governor of New Mexico, Susana Martinez , received a doctorate law degree from OU, as did Oklahoma
Oklahoma
Supreme Court Justice Steven W. Taylor .

A number of astronauts are alumni, including Skylab 3 and STS-9 astronaut Owen K. Garriott , shuttle astronaut Shannon Lucid , and Apollo 13 astronaut Fred Haise
Fred Haise
.

Other notable alumni include historian Angie Debo , CEO of AT">

* ^ In 1936, 1951, 1952, 1957, 1960, 1963 and 1974. * ^ In 1977, 1978, 1991, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2008, 2015 -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;">

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College
and University Business Officers and Commonfund Institute. 2017. * ^ _A_ _B_ "Employees by Campus, Fall 2003–2007". _2008 OU Factbook_. University of Oklahoma. Retrieved 2009-02-08. * ^ This number only includes the main (Norman) and Health Sciences Campuses; numbers for the Tulsa campus were not available. Also, the number only include full-time and part-time faculty and does not include Graduate Assistants . * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ "University of Oklahoma, Norman Campus—Enrollment Summary Report—Fall 2016" (PDF). _University of Oklahoma_. September 2016. Retrieved February 14, 2017. * ^ "Colors". Retrieved November 19, 2016. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ "OU Facts". _University of Oklahoma
Oklahoma
Public Affairs_. Archived from the original on 2006-04-30. Retrieved 2006-06-07. * ^ As of 2006-11-15 per source. * ^ Parker-Perry, Susie (2006-12-20). "Top 20 Wired Colleges". _PC Magazine_. Retrieved 2007-04-09. * ^ Griffith, Eric (2008-09-03). "Top 20 Wired Colleges". _PC Magazine_. Retrieved 2008-09-03. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ "University of Oklahoma
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Norman Campus". _Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching_. Retrieved 2011-05-11. * ^ _A_ _B_ "Schools with the Most NCAA Championships". NCAA. Archived from the original on 2007-05-06. Retrieved 2007-05-07. * ^ " Oklahoma
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Football Quick Facts". _SoonerSports.com_. University of Oklahoma. Archived from the original on 2007-08-20. Retrieved 2007-08-21. * ^ Levy, David (2005). _The University of Oklahoma: A History_. Volume I, 1890–1917. Norman, Oklahoma : University of Oklahoma
Oklahoma
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College
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Racist Fraternity Video: 2 SAE Students Expelled For \'Leadership Role\'". _International Business Times_. Retrieved 3 August 2015. * ^ "Parker Rice identified as student expelled from OU after racist chant". _OU Daily_. 2015-03-10. Retrieved 2015-03-10. * ^ Lukianoff, Greg (February 17, 2016). "The 10 Worst Colleges for Free Speech: 2016". _ The Huffington Post _. * ^ " Academic Ranking of World Universities 2016: USA". Shanghai Ranking Consultancy. Retrieved August 16, 2016. * ^ "America\'s Top Colleges". _Forbes_. July 5, 2016. * ^ "Best Colleges 2017: National Universities Rankings". _U.S. News & World Report_. September 12, 2016. * ^ "2016 Rankings - National Universities". _Washington Monthly_. Retrieved September 6, 2016. * ^ " Academic Ranking of World Universities 2016". Shanghai Ranking Consultancy. 2016. Retrieved August 16, 2016. * ^ "QS World University Rankings® 2018". Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2017. Retrieved 25 July 2017. * ^ "Best Global Universities Rankings: 2017". U.S. News & World Report LP. Retrieved October 25, 2016. * ^ "Dept. of Aviation
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EXTERNAL LINKS

_ Wikimedia Commons has media related to UNIVERSITY OF OKLAHOMA _.

* Official website *

.