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The University of North Carolina
North Carolina
is a multi-campus public university system composed of all 16 of North Carolina's public universities, as well as the NC School of Science and Mathematics, the nation's first public residential high school for gifted students. Commonly referred to as the University of North Carolina
North Carolina
system or the UNC system to differentiate it from the original campus in Chapel Hill, the university has a total enrollment of over 183,001 students and confers over 75% of all baccalaureate degrees in North Carolina
North Carolina
in 2008.[4] [5] UNC campuses conferred 43,686 degrees for 2008–2009, the bulk of which were Bachelor's level with 31,055 degrees awarded.[6]

Contents

1 History 2 Legal mandate 3 Institutions

3.1 Notes

4 Affiliates 5 Presidents 6 See also 7 References 8 Further reading 9 External links

History[edit] Founded in 1789, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
is one of three schools to claim the title of oldest public university in the United States. It closed from 1871 to 1875, faced with serious financial and enrollment problems during the Reconstruction era. In 1877, the State of North Carolina
North Carolina
began sponsoring additional higher education institutions. Over time the state added a women's college (now known as the University of North Carolina
North Carolina
at Greensboro), a land-grant university ( North Carolina
North Carolina
State University), five historically black institutions ( North Carolina
North Carolina
A&T State University, North Carolina
North Carolina
Central University, Winston-Salem State University, Fayetteville State University, and Elizabeth City State University) and one to educate American Indians (the University of North Carolina
North Carolina
at Pembroke). Others were created to prepare teachers for public education and to instruct performing artists. During the Depression, the North Carolina
North Carolina
General Assembly searched for cost savings within state government. Towards this effort in 1931, it redefined the University of North Carolina, which at the time referred exclusively to the University of North Carolina
North Carolina
at Chapel Hill; the new Consolidated University of North Carolina
North Carolina
was created to include the existing campuses of University of North Carolina
North Carolina
at Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
State University, and the University of North Carolina
North Carolina
at Greensboro. The three campuses came under the leadership of just one board and one president. By 1969, three additional campuses had joined the Consolidated University through legislative action: the University of North Carolina
North Carolina
at Charlotte, the University of North Carolina
North Carolina
at Asheville, and the University of North Carolina at Wilmington. In 1971, North Carolina
North Carolina
passed legislation bringing into the University of North Carolina
North Carolina
all 16 public institutions that confer bachelor's degrees. This round of consolidation granted each constituent institution a Chancellor and a Board of Trustees. In 1985, the North Carolina
North Carolina
School of Science and Mathematics, a residential high school for gifted students, was declared an affiliated school of the university. In 2007, the high school became a full member of the university. Legal mandate[edit] The legal authority and mandate for the University of North Carolina is contained in the State's first Constitution (1776),[7] which provided in Article XLI

That a school or schools shall be established by the Legislature, for the convenient instruction of youth, . . . and all useful learning shall be duly encouraged, and promoted, in one or more universities,

The state legislature did not get around to granting a charter for the University until 1789.[8] Article IX of the current version of the North Carolina
North Carolina
Constitution deals with all forms of public education in the state. Sections 8 and 9 of that article address higher education. Sec. 8. Higher education.

The General Assembly shall maintain a public system of higher education, comprising The University of North Carolina
North Carolina
and such other institutions of higher education as the General Assembly may deem wise. The General Assembly shall provide for the selection of trustees of The University of North Carolina
North Carolina
and of the other institutions of higher education, in whom shall be vested all the privileges, rights, franchises, and endowments heretofore granted to or conferred upon the trustees of these institutions. The General Assembly may enact laws necessary and expedient for the maintenance and management of The University of North Carolina
North Carolina
and the other public institutions of higher education.

Sec. 9. Benefits of public institutions of higher education.

The General Assembly shall provide that the benefits of The University of North Carolina
North Carolina
and other public institutions of higher education, as far as practicable, be extended to the people of the State free of expense. [9] Statutory provisions stipulate the current function and cost to students of the University of North Carolina.[10]

UNC Charlotte. The university expanded significantly in the 1960s and 1970s.

Institutions[edit] Within its seventeen campuses, UNC houses two medical schools and one teaching hospital, ten nursing programs, two schools of dentistry, one veterinary school and hospital, and a school of pharmacy, as well as a two law schools, 15 schools of education, three schools of engineering, and a school for performing artists.[4] The oldest university, the University of North Carolina
North Carolina
at Chapel Hill, first admitted students in 1795. The smallest and newest member is the North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics, a residential two-year high school, founded in 1980 and a full member of the University since 2007. The largest university is North Carolina
North Carolina
State University, with 34,340 students as of fall 2012. While the official names of each campus are determined by the North Carolina General Assembly, abbreviations are determined by the individual school.[11]

Official name (Previous name) Official abbrev. Location Enrollment As of Fall 2016 Carnegie Classification Founded Nickname Joined system References

Appalachian State University (Appalachian State Teacher's College, until 1967) ASU, App State (for athletics) Boone, Watauga County 18,295 Master's University 1899 Mountaineers 1972 [12][13]

East Carolina University (East Carolina College, until 1967) ECU, East Carolina (for athletics) Greenville, Pitt County 28,962 Doctoral/Research University 1907 Pirates 1972 [14][15]

Elizabeth City State University (Elizabeth City State College, until 1969) ECSU Elizabeth City, Pasquotank County 1,357 Baccalaureate College 1891 Vikings 1972 [16][17]

Fayetteville State University (Fayetteville State College, until 1969) FSU Fayetteville, Cumberland County 6,223 Master's University 1867 Broncos 1972 [18][19]

North Carolina
North Carolina
Agricultural and Technical State University (The Agricultural and Technical College of North Carolina, until 1969) NC A&T Greensboro, Guilford County 11,177 Doctoral/Research University 1891 Aggies 1972 [20][21]

North Carolina
North Carolina
Central University ( North Carolina
North Carolina
College at Durham, until 1969) NCCU, NC Central (for athletics) Durham, Durham County 8,094 Master's University 1909 Eagles 1972 [22][23]

North Carolina
North Carolina
State University ( North Carolina
North Carolina
State College of Agriculture and Engineering, until 1963) NCSU, NC State or State (for athletics) Raleigh, Wake County 33,755 Doctoral/Research University 1887 Wolfpack 1932 [24][25]

University of North Carolina
North Carolina
at Asheville (Asheville-Biltmore College until 1969) UNCA or Asheville Asheville, Buncombe County 3,821 Baccalaureate College 1927 Bulldogs 1969 [26][27]

University of North Carolina
North Carolina
at Chapel Hill (University of North Carolina, until 1963) UNC-Chapel Hill,[28][29] UNC-CH, North Carolina, or Carolina (for athletics) Chapel Hill, Orange County 29,468 Doctoral/Research University 1789 Tar Heels 1932 [30][31]

University of North Carolina
North Carolina
at Charlotte (Charlotte College, until 1965) UNC Charlotte, Charlotte (for athletics) Charlotte, Mecklenburg County 28,721 Doctoral/Research University 1946 49ers 1965 [32][33]

University of North Carolina
North Carolina
at Greensboro (The Woman's College of the University of North Carolina, until 1963) UNCG Greensboro, Guilford County 19,647 Doctoral/Research University 1891 Spartans 1932 [34][35]

University of North Carolina
North Carolina
at Pembroke (Pembroke State University, until 1996) UNCP Pembroke, Robeson County 6,268 Master's University 1887 Braves[36] 1972 [37][38]

University of North Carolina
North Carolina
at Wilmington (Wilmington College, until 1969) UNCW Wilmington, New Hanover County 15,740 Master's University 1947 Seahawks 1969 [39][40]

University of North Carolina
North Carolina
School of the Arts ( North Carolina
North Carolina
School of the Arts, until 2008) UNCSA Winston-Salem, Forsyth County 1,040 Special
Special
Focus Institution 1963 The Fighting Pickle 1972 [41][42]

Western Carolina University (Western Carolina College, until 1967) WCU, Western Carolina (for athletics) Cullowhee, Jackson County 10,805 Master's University 1889 Western Carolina Catamounts 1972 [43][44]

Winston-Salem State University (Winston-Salem Teacher's College, until 1969) WSSU Winston-Salem, Forsyth County 5,151 Baccalaureate College 1892 Rams 1972 [45][46]

North Carolina
North Carolina
School of Science and Mathematics NCSSM Durham, Durham County 700 Residential High School 1980 Unicorns 2007 [47][48]

Notes[edit] The enrollment numbers are the official headcounts (including all full-time and part-time, undergrad and postgrad students) from University of North Carolina
North Carolina
website: https://web.archive.org/web/20100527154058/https://www.northcarolina.edu/web/facts.php . This does not include the North Carolina
North Carolina
School of Science and Mathematics, the figure for NCSSM is taken from its own website: https://web.archive.org/web/20080919063321/http://www.ncssm.edu/about-ncssm/facts.php . The following universities became four-year institutions after their founding (date each became a four-year institution in parentheses):

East Carolina University
East Carolina University
(1920) North Carolina
North Carolina
Central University (1925) Winston-Salem State University
Winston-Salem State University
(1925) Western Carolina University
Western Carolina University
(1929) Appalachian State University
Appalachian State University
(1929) Elizabeth City State University
Elizabeth City State University
(1937) University of North Carolina
North Carolina
at Pembroke (1939) Fayetteville State University
Fayetteville State University
(1939) University of North Carolina
North Carolina
at Asheville (1963) University of North Carolina
North Carolina
at Charlotte (1963) University of North Carolina
North Carolina
at Wilmington (1963)

With the exception of the University of North Carolina
North Carolina
at Pembroke and the University of North Carolina
North Carolina
School of the Arts, the institutions that joined the University of North Carolina
North Carolina
in 1972 did so under their current name. As of 1972, all public four-year institutions in North Carolina
North Carolina
are members of the University. Affiliates[edit]

Name Location Founded

North Carolina
North Carolina
Arboretum Asheville, Buncombe County 1989

North Carolina
North Carolina
Center for International Understanding Raleigh, Wake County

North Carolina
North Carolina
Center for Nursing Raleigh, Wake County

North Carolina
North Carolina
State Approving Agency Raleigh, Wake County

North Carolina
North Carolina
State Education Assistance Authority Raleigh, Wake County

UNC Center for Public Television (UNC-TV) Research Triangle Park, Durham County 1955

UNC Faculty Assembly Chapel Hill, Orange County

University of North Carolina
North Carolina
Press Chapel Hill, Orange County 1922

UNC Staff Assembly Chapel Hill, Orange County

Presidents[edit] For presiding professors of the University of North Carolina
North Carolina
prior to 1804, see Leaders of the University of North Carolina
North Carolina
at Chapel Hill.

Margaret Spellings
Margaret Spellings
is the current President of the University of North Carolina

Name Term

Rev. Joseph Caldwell 1804–1812

Robert Hett Chapman 1812–1816

Rev. Joseph Caldwell 1816–1835

Elisha Mitchell
Elisha Mitchell
* 1835

David Lowry Swain 1835–1868

Rev. Solomon Pool 1869–1872

Rev. Charles Phillips 1875–1876

Kemp Plummer Battle 1876–1891

George Tayloe Winston 1891–1896

Edwin Anderson Alderman 1896–1900

Francis Preston Venable 1900–1914

Edward Kidder Graham 1914–1918

Marvin Hendrix Stacy 1918–1919

Harry Woodburn Chase 1919–1930

Frank Porter Graham 1930-1949 (UNC Consolidation in 1931)

William Donald Carmichael, Jr. * 1949–1950

Gordon Gray 1950–1955

J. Harris Purks * 1955–1956

William Clyde Friday 1956–1986 (acting until 1957)

Clemmie Spangler 1986–1997

Molly Corbett Broad 1997–2006

Erskine Bowles 2006–2011

Thomas W. Ross 2011–2016

Margaret Spellings 2016–present

An asterisk (*) denotes acting president. See also[edit]

List of colleges and universities in North Carolina North Carolina
North Carolina
Community College System

References[edit]

^ a b "UNC Employees" (PDF). UNC System. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-20. Retrieved 2010-08-14.  ^ "Facts & Figures". UNC System. Archived from the original on 2010-05-27. Retrieved 2010-08-14.  ^ a b "Facts & Figures". Northcarolina.edu. Archived from the original on 2010-05-27. Retrieved 2010-08-14.  ^ a b "University Facts". University of North Carolina. 2008-01-10. Archived from the original on 2008-02-13. Retrieved 2008-03-18.  ^ "About UNC". UNC General Administration. Archived from the original on 2011-05-11. Retrieved 2011-02-16.  ^ "Facts & Figures". UNC General Administration. Retrieved 2010-08-14.  ^ http://avalon.law.yale.edu/18th_century/nc07.asp.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ http://www.unc.edu/about/.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ "Article IX". North Carolina
North Carolina
Constitution. North Carolina
North Carolina
General Assembly. 2006. Retrieved 2008-06-09.  ^ "Chapter 116 - Higher Education". North Carolina
North Carolina
General Statutes. North Carolina
North Carolina
General Assembly. 2006. Retrieved 2008-03-29.  ^ Wootson, Cleve R., Jr. (2002-01-08). "UNC Leaders Want Abbreviation Change". The Daily Tar Heel. Retrieved 2008-06-19.  ^ "Appalachian State University" (PDF). Institutional Profiles. University of North Carolina. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18.  ^ "Appalachian State University" (PDF). Carnegie Classifications. The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18.  ^ "East Carolina University" (PDF). Institutional Profiles. University of North Carolina. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18.  ^ "East Carolina University" (PDF). Carnegie Classifications. The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18.  ^ "Elizabeth City State University" (PDF). Institutional Profiles. University of North Carolina. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18.  ^ "Elizabeth City State University" (PDF). Carnegie Classifications. The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18.  ^ "Fayetteville State University" (PDF). Institutional Profiles. University of North Carolina. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18.  ^ "Fayetteville State University" (PDF). Carnegie Classifications. The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18.  ^ " North Carolina
North Carolina
Agriculture and Technical State University" (PDF). Institutional Profiles. University of North Carolina. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18.  ^ " North Carolina
North Carolina
Agriculture and Technical State University" (PDF). Carnegie Classifications. The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18.  ^ " North Carolina
North Carolina
Central University" (PDF). Institutional Profiles. University of North Carolina. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18.  ^ " North Carolina
North Carolina
Central University" (PDF). Carnegie Classifications. The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18.  ^ " North Carolina
North Carolina
State University" (PDF). Institutional Profiles. University of North Carolina. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18.  ^ " North Carolina
North Carolina
State University" (PDF). Carnegie Classifications. The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18.  ^ "University of North Carolina
North Carolina
at Asheville" (PDF). Institutional Profiles. University of North Carolina. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18.  ^ "University of North Carolina
North Carolina
at Asheville" (PDF). Carnegie Classifications. The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18.  ^ "Serving UNC students and the community since 1893". The Daily Tar Heel. 2010-07-08. Retrieved 2010-08-14.  ^ Oh, Four Oh Four[permanent dead link]. Media.www.dailytarheel.com. Retrieved on 2013-07-29. ^ "University of North Carolina
North Carolina
at Chapel Hill" (PDF). Institutional Profiles. University of North Carolina. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18.  ^ "University of North Carolina
North Carolina
at Chapel Hill" (PDF). Carnegie Classifications. The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18.  ^ "University of North Carolina
North Carolina
at Charlotte" (PDF). Institutional Profiles. University of North Carolina. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18.  ^ "University of North Carolina
North Carolina
at Charlotte" (PDF). Carnegie Classifications. The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18.  ^ "University of North Carolina
North Carolina
at Greensboro" (PDF). Institutional Profiles. University of North Carolina. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18.  ^ "University of North Carolina
North Carolina
at Greensboro" (PDF). Carnegie Classifications. The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18.  ^ http://www.uncpbraves.com/landing/index.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ "University of North Carolina
North Carolina
at Pembroke" (PDF). Institutional Profiles. University of North Carolina. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18.  ^ "University of North Carolina
North Carolina
at Pembroke" (PDF). Carnegie Classifications. The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18.  ^ "University of North Carolina
North Carolina
at Wilmington" (PDF). Institutional Profiles. University of North Carolina. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18.  ^ "University of North Carolina
North Carolina
at Wilmington" (PDF). Carnegie Classifications. The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18.  ^ " North Carolina
North Carolina
School of the Arts" (PDF). Institutional Profiles. University of North Carolina. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18.  ^ " North Carolina
North Carolina
School of the Arts" (PDF). Carnegie Classifications. The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18.  ^ "Western Carolina University" (PDF). Institutional Profiles. University of North Carolina. 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-11-21. Retrieved 2008-03-08.  ^ "Western Carolina University" (PDF). Carnegie Classifications. The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-11-21. Retrieved 2008-03-08.  ^ "Winston-Salem State University" (PDF). Institutional Profiles. University of North Carolina. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18.  ^ "Winston-Salem State University" (PDF). Carnegie Classifications. The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-18.  ^ " North Carolina
North Carolina
School of Science and Mathematics". Retrieved 2008-03-29.  ^ "NCSSM Fast Facts". North Carolina
North Carolina
School of Science and Math. Archived from the original on 2008-09-19. Retrieved 2010-08-14. 

Further reading[edit]

McGrath, Eileen, and Linda Jacobson. “The Great Depression
Great Depression
and Its Impact on an Emerging Research Library: The University of North Carolina Library, 1929–1941,” Libraries and the Cultural Record, (2011), 46#3 pp 295–320.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to University of North Carolina
North Carolina
at Charlotte.

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of a 1905 New International Encyclopedia article about University of North Carolina.

Official website  "North Carolina, University of". Collier's New Encyclopedia. 1921. 

v t e

University of North Carolina
North Carolina
system

Universities

Appalachian State East Carolina Elizabeth City State Fayetteville State NC A&T NC Central NC State UNC Asheville UNC–Chapel Hill UNC Charlotte UNC Greensboro UNC Pembroke UNC School of the Arts UNC Wilmington Western Carolina Winston-Salem State

High school

NC School of Science and Mathematics

Affiliates

NC Arboretum NC Research Campus NCCIU NCCN NCSAA NCSEAA UNC Center for Public Television UNC Press

Administration

History Legal Mandate Structure Presidents Speaker Ban

Coordinates: 35°54′31″N 79°2′57″W / 35.90861°N 79.04917°W / 3

.