University of Nanking


The University of Nanking, known in Chinese as Jinling University (金陵大学, Jinling being the ancient name of Nanking) was a private
university A university ( la, universitas, 'a whole') is an educational institution, institution of higher education, higher (or Tertiary education, tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in various Discipline (academia), academic d ...

Nanjing Nanjing (; , Mandarin pronunciation: ), alternately romanized as Nanking, is the capital of Jiangsu Jiangsu (; ; Postal romanization, formerly romanized Kiangsu) is an eastern-central coastal Provinces of the People's Republic of China, pr ...

, China sponsored by American churches. Founded in 1888, it effectively become defunct in 1952 following the 1952 reorganization of Chinese higher education by the newly born
PRC China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere, East ...



The Nanking University (汇文书院, Huiwen Shuyuan) was founded in 1888 by C.H. Fowler. Initially there were three faculties: liberal arts, divinity and medicine. In 1910, The Nanking University merged The Union Christian College (宏育书院, Hongyu Shuyuan, formed in 1900 by the merger of The Christian College (基督书院, Jidu Shuyuan, founded in 1891) and The Presbyterian College (益智书院, Yizhi Shuyuan, founded in 1894)) and changed the name to Private University of Nanking (), and was registered with the
New York State New York is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspaper in Colu ...
Education Department. It is the first educational institution in China officially named "university" in English. In 1951,
Ginling College Ginling College (金陵女子大学), also known by its pinyin ''Hanyu Pinyin'' (), often abbreviated to pinyin, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese, Standard Mandarin Chinese in mainland China, Taiwan (ROC), and Singap ...
(former Ginling Women University established in 1913) merged into University of Nanking. In 1952, University of Nanking was merged with Nanjing University ().


*John Calvin Ferguson *G.A. Stuart () *Arthur J. Bowen () *Chen Yuguang () *Li Fangxun ()

Notable alumni

*Ching Chun Li, geneticist, Chairman of American Society of Human Genetics. *Choh Hao Li, biologist, biochemist. His achievements include isolating and synthesizing the human pituitary growth hormone. He received many honors including Lasker Award. *Choh-Ming Li, educationist, economist. *Francois Cheng, writer, poet. A "Bridge Between Eastern and Western Culture". *T. C. Tso, agriculturalist, tobacco scientist. *Te-Tzu Chang, agriculturalist. Member of Academia Sinica. He receives Tyler Prize in 1999. *Thome H. Fang, philosopher. *W. B. Pettus, educator. *Wang Yinglai, biochemist who achieved the synthesis of insulin *Wu Teh Yao, educationist, politics scholar. *Zhang Zhiwen, agriculturist, Vice Director General of FAO of United Nations.

Notable faculty

*Zou Bingwen, agriculturist, the Vice Chairman of Organising Committee of Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. *Albin Bro, fourth president of Shimer College. *John Lossing Buck, agricultural economist *Pearl S. Buck, writer. *Charles W. Woodworth, Professor Emeritus and founder of the Entomology Division U.C. Berkeley (1891-1930) was a lecturer in Entomology during his sabbatical in 1918. He was there then again between 1921-4. (See the C. W. Woodworth Award.)


External links

University of Nanking 金陵大學
{{authority control University of Nanking, Universities and colleges in Nanjing 1888 establishments in China Major National Historical and Cultural Sites in Jiangsu